Abstract

Capsule endoscopes require a high-quality imaging system in terms of the wide field of view (FOV), image brightness, and resolution to provide accurate diagnostic information. However, because of the wide-angle lens design, the first element of the lens inevitably becomes larger in diameter, making it difficult to reduce the overall size of the lens. In this study, the compact wide-angle lens for a capsule endoscope is reported. The proposed system allows the first element to be compact in diameter and increases image quality by utilizing all aspheric surfaces for optical aberration control. The specification of the proposed capsule endoscope lens shows the wide FOV of 160 deg, F-number 2.8, and total track length of 5 mm. In the overall FOV, relative illumination is still over 60%. To achieve a high image quality in the proposed system, the modulation transfer function is over 30% at 180 lp/mm for a ${1920} \times {1080}$ 1/6 inch CMOS image sensor in a pixel size of 1.4 µm.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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