Abstract

A three-dimensional (3-D) positioning system on the basis of bat algorithm (BA) using visible light communication is proposed in this work. BA is a global optimization algorithm that can be used to solve the indoor positioning problem. In BA, the positioning process is considered to be a process of searching for the receiver by many bats in an indoor space of 3m×3m×4m. Therefore, taking advantage of the bat search algorithm, 3-D low-complexity and high-precision indoor positioning is able to be actualized when the number of iterations reaches a certain condition. The simulation results show that the system can achieve high-precision positioning at different signal-to-noise ratios. Meanwhile, a trajectory tracking experiment is carried out to validate the good performance of this positioning system. The proposed algorithm is a positioning method with good potential in various positioning applications.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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