Abstract

Information about the size distribution of liquid droplets in a fog can be retrieved by measuring the backscattering lidar depolarization parameter D in circular polarization. Using a polarimetric off-axis lidar, measurements at different backscattering angles are performed on fogs made of water droplets and of mineral oil. Estimation of the effective droplet size is obtained using constrained linear inversion. Mie theory is used to calculate the variation in depolarization parameters for different effective droplet sizes. The calculation is performed for various scattering angles. These calculations provide a kernel for the constrained linear inversion scheme. It is shown that the refractive index has an effect on the retrieved droplet sizes as well as the choice of scattering angles. These measurements confirm that the circular depolarization parameter measured near the backscattering angle can be modeled as a function of the forward-scattering diffraction peak. The results of the constrained linear inversion of measurements are consistent with in situ measurement of the droplet size distribution.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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