Abstract

This paper presents a new type of one-dimensional photonic crystal (PC) waveguide sensor and a technique for prediction of transient strain response accurately. The PC waveguide is integrated on a silicon substrate. We investigate the effect of non-uniform strain localization on the optical signal and use that information to capture the transient strain. Wavelength shift due to distributed strain field is modeled by incorporating the mechanically deformed geometry and photo-acoustic coupling through Pockels effect in a finite element formulation. We demonstrate the advantages of using our proposed method, where multiple spectral peak shift is used instead of single peak shift in order to improve sensing output accuracy and also to estimate the sensor parameter regressively, where the signal’s bandwidth is limited. The maximum sensitivity of the waveguide sensor in terms of wavelength shift is estimated to be 0.36 pm/μstrain in single-peak-based sensing, whereas the proposed adaptive multispectral estimation scheme shows an enhanced sensitivity of 4.029 pm/μstrain.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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