Abstract

Accurate approximation of noise in hyperspectral (HS) images plays an important role in better visualization and image processing. Conventional algorithms often hypothesize the noise type to be either purely additive or of a mixed noise type for the signal-dependent (SD) noise component and the signal-independent (SI) noise component in HS images. This can result in application-driven algorithm design and limited use in different noise types. Moreover, as the highly textured HS images have abundant edges and textures, existing algorithms may fail to produce accurate noise estimation. To address these challenges, we propose a noise estimation algorithm that can adaptively estimate both purely additive noise and mixed noise in HS images with various complexities. First, homogeneous areas are automatically detected using a new region-growing-based approach, in which the similarity of two pixels is calculated by a robust spectral metric. Then, the mixed noise variance of each homogeneous region is estimated based on multiple linear regression technology. Finally, intensities of the SD and SI noise are obtained with a modified scatter plot approach. We quantitatively evaluated our algorithm on the synthetic HS data. Compared with the benchmarking and state-of-the-art algorithms, the proposed algorithm is more accurate and robust when facing images with different complexities. Experimental results with real Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) images further demonstrated the superiority of our algorithm.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Modeling and estimation of signal-dependent noise in hyperspectral imagery

Joseph Meola, Michael T. Eismann, Randolph L. Moses, and Joshua N. Ash
Appl. Opt. 50(21) 3829-3846 (2011)

Correction of systematic spatial noise in push-broom hyperspectral sensors: application to CHRIS/PROBA images

Luis Gómez-Chova, Luis Alonso, Luis Guanter, Gustavo Camps-Valls, Javier Calpe, and José Moreno
Appl. Opt. 47(28) F46-F60 (2008)

Hyperspectral remote sensing image retrieval system using spectral and texture features

Jing Zhang, Wenhao Geng, Xi Liang, Jiafeng Li, Li Zhuo, and Qianlan Zhou
Appl. Opt. 56(16) 4785-4796 (2017)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (13)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Tables (4)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article tables are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (22)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription