Abstract

We demonstrate the application of an asynchronous image-subtraction optically addressed spatial light modulator to particle image velocimetry fringe processing. The device comprises an amorphous silicon p-i-n-i-p photosensor and a ferroelelectric liquid-crystal light-modulating layer. The images to be subtracted are encoded on two separate wavelengths. The operation of the device is described, and characterization shows a frame rate of 100 Hz, a resolution of 3 line pairs/mm, and a write-light sensitivity of ≈1 mW/cm2 at a wavelength of 514 nm. The device is read by the use of light with a 633-nm wavelength whereas the subtraction light is at a wavelength of 670 nm. Using this device to subtract a nonuniform pedestal from the optically computed power spectral density function (the Young’s fringe pattern), we find we can improve the signal-to-clutter ratio of peaks in the image-transmittance autocorrelation function of particle image velocimetry transparencies. The device also permits processing of very low-visibility fringe patterns, generated from doubly exposed images, in which one image has half the transmittance of the other. These could not be processed with a nonsubtracting, binary, liquid-crystal optically addressed spatial light modulator.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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