Abstract

The asymmetrical spectral curvature algorithm for Morel case 1 waters has been characterized by application of the semianalytical radiance model of ocean color to post-Coastal Zone Color Scanner (CZCS) sensor bands. Results of the study suggest that the [L (490)/L (443)][L (490)/L (555)] asymmetrical spectral curvature algorithm has a higher pigment-retrieval sensitivity than does the [L (490)/L (443)][L (490)/L (510)] curvature algorithm that was initially identified for pigment recovery. When this [L (490)/L (443)][L (490)/L (555)] algorithm was highlighted for study, it was found to (a) exhibit pigment-retrieval sensitivity that is intermediate to the [L (443)/L (555)] and the [L (510)/L (555)] CZCS-type radiance-ratio algorithms, (b) have less sensitivity to nonabsorbing particulate backscatter (NAB) than the [L (443)/L (555)] radiance ratio, (c) display remarkable insensitivity to the absorption of dissolved organic material (DOM), and (d) possess a NAB invariance point at an algorithm value of ~ 1.8 (corresponding to a pigment concentration of ~ 0.35 mg/m3). At this invariance point the [L (490)/L (443)][L (490)/L (555)] algorithm is insensitive to a wide concentration range of coccolith-like backscatterers in addition to being insensitive to DOM. The dual DOM and NAB insensitivity of the algorithm at a specific curvature value and chlorophyllous-pigment concentration suggests that such invariance points should be further studied for possible use in (1) the validation of other chlorophyllous-pigment algorithms or model inversions and (2) the computation of other inherent optical properties.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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