Abstract

A theoretical study of bistability caused by the optical Kerr effect in a type 1 optical fiber ring resonator connected to a 3 × 3 planar coupler is presented. The dependence of the bistability on various parameters of the fiber and the coupler is investigated. A comparison between the bistable characteristics of this ring resonator and those of a fiber ring resonator with a 3 × 3 equilateral triangular (nonplanar) fiber coupler is made.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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