Abstract

We discuss the semicontinuous short-time Fourier transform (STFT) and the semicontinual wavelet transform (WT) with Fourier-domain processing, which is suitable for optical implementation. We also systematically analyze the selection of the window functions, especially those based on the biorthogonality and the orthogonality constraints for perfect signal reconstruction. We show that one of the best substitutions for the Gaussian function in the Fourier domain is a squared sinusoid function that can form a biorthogonal window function in the time domain. The merit of a biorthogonal window is that it could simplify the inverse STFT and the inverse WT. A couple of optical architectures based on Fourier-domain processing for the STFT and the WT, by which real-time signal processing can be realized, are proposed.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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