Abstract

A novel combination of optical elements and properties is combined to achieve high spectral resolution using grazing incidence optics of modest quality. We show through analysis and ray tracing of examples that using radial groove gratings at high blaze angles in the manner of an echelle spectrograph can provide high spectral resolution. We compare this arrangement to the conventional in-plane designs and show the off-plane to be superior in nearly every respect. Cross dispersion can be provided by the energy resolution of a CCD detector. Then, we show how additional resolution can be squeezed from the system by strategic placement of gratings to take advantage of the azimuthal response of a Wolter x-ray optic. With a telescope that has only 30-sec of arc imaging we are able to support resolution λ/δλ of 3000, while a conventional design at the same graze angle supports resolution of only 200.

© 1991 Optical Society of America

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