We rigorously model nonparaxial focusing of electromagnetic beams by arbitrary axisymmetric surfaces such as spheres, ellipses and hyperbolae. Focusing by these optical systems leads to the generation of needles of light.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

PDF Article


You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: PDF (1331 KB)