Abstract

A popular crystal for ultrafast cascading experiments is beta-barium-borate (β-BaB2O4, BBO). It has a decent quadratic nonlinear coefficient, and because the crystal is anisotropic it can be birefringence phase-matched for type I (oo → e) second-harmonic generation (SHG). For femtosecond experiments BBO is popular because of low dispersion and a high damage threshold. The main attractive property of ultrafast cascading is that the induced cascading nonlinearity n2,cascI can be negative, i.e. generate a self-defocusing Kerr-like nonlinearity. However, the material Kerr nonlinearity n2,KerrI is self-focusing and competes with the cascading nonlinearity. Therefore, precise knowledge of its strength is crucial. We perform an experiment measuring the main c11 tensor component, and together with literature experimental data [1], we propose a c11 value composed of 14 different data points.

© 2013 IEEE

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