Optofluidic plasmonics, consisting of integrated microfluidics with optics and plasmonics, is an emerging research direction that enables advancement of fundamentals in surface sciences of plasmonic fields with unique implications on numerous potential applications in chemistry, biochemistry, biology, medicine, and engineering. Plasmonics possesses unique physical properties that enable localization of optical fields beyond the diffraction limit. These highly confined/nanoscale optical modes will enhance light/matter interactions in systems with free electrons in micro/nanoscale geometric structures. New applications and devices that are expected to directly benefit from these light confined modes include biochemical sensors (SERS, SECARS), optical nonlinearities (SHG, etc.), near field probes and data storage, nanoscale lasers, left handed materials and “perfect” lens, enhanced light extraction/detection, detectors and thermo/photovoltaics, sub diffraction-limit lithography, modulators, spectral filters, interconnects, etc.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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