AOP Tutorials

46 results
  • Fundamentals and emerging optical applications of hexagonal boron nitride: a tutorial

    Su, Cong; Janzen, Eli; He, Mingze; Li, Chi; Zettl, Alex; Caldwell, Joshua D.; Edgar, James H.; Aharonovich, Igor
    • 2024
    • Advances in Optics and Photonics 16(2) 229-346  View: HTML | PDF

    Hexagonal boron nitride (hBN), also known as white graphite, is a transparent layered crystal with a wide bandgap. Its crystal structure resembles graphite, fea...

  • Spatiotemporal sculpturing of light: a tutorial

    Zhan, Qiwen
    • 2024
    • Advances in Optics and Photonics 16(2) 163-228  View: HTML | PDF

    Spatiotemporal sculpturing of light pulses with sophisticated structures on demand is one major goal of the everlasting pursuit of ultrafast information transmission and processing as well as ultraint...

  • Entanglement-based quantum information technology: a tutorial

    Zhang, Zheshen; You, Chenglong; Magaña-Loaiza, Omar S.; Fickler, Robert; León-Montiel, Roberto de J.; Torres, Juan P.; Humble, Travis S.; Liu, Shuai; Xia, Yi; Zhuang, Quntao
    • 2024
    • Advances in Optics and Photonics 16(1) 60-162  View: HTML | PDF
    Cited by: 2

    Entanglement is a quintessential quantum mechanical phenomenon with no classical equivalent. First discussed by Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen and formally introduced by Schrödinger in 1935, ...

  • High-power and high-beam-quality photonic-crystal surface-emitting lasers: a tutorial

    Noda, Susumu; Inoue, Takuya; Yoshida, Masahiro; Gelleta, John; Zoysa, Menaka De; Ishizaki, Kenji
    • 2023
    • Advances in Optics and Photonics 15(4) 977-1032  View: HTML | PDF
    Cited by: 6

    Realization of single-mode, high-power and high-beam-quality (namely, high-brightness) semiconductor lasers, which can rival or even replace bulky lasers such as gas, solid, and fiber lasers, is one o...

  • Artificial neural networks for photonic applications—from algorithms to implementation: tutorial

    Freire, Pedro; Manuylovich, Egor; Prilepsky, Jaroslaw E.; Turitsyn, Sergei K.
    • 2023
    • Advances in Optics and Photonics 15(3) 739-834  View: HTML | PDF
    Cited by: 10

    This tutorial–review on applications of artificial neural networks in photonics targets a broad audience, ranging from optical research and engineering communities to computer science and applied math...

  • Coherent SAT solvers: a tutorial

    Reifenstein, Sam; Leleu, Timothee; McKenna, Timothy; Jankowski, Marc; Suh, Myoung-Gyun; Ng, Edwin; Khoyratee, Farad; Toroczkai, Zoltan; Yamamoto, Yoshihisa
    • 2023
    • Advances in Optics and Photonics 15(2) 385-441  View: HTML | PDF
    Cited by: 1

    The coherent Ising machine (CIM) is designed to solve the NP-hard Ising problem quickly and energy efficiently. Boolean satisfiability (SAT) and maximum satisfiability (Max-SAT) are classes of NP-comp...

  • Geometric descriptions for the polarization of nonparaxial light: a tutorial

    Alonso, Miguel A.
    • 2023
    • Advances in Optics and Photonics 15(1) 176-235  View: HTML | PDF
    Cited by: 7

    This tutorial provides an overview of the local description of polarization for nonparaxial light, for which all Cartesian components of the electric field are significant. The polarization of light a...

  • Loss in hollow-core optical fibers: mechanisms, scaling rules, and limits

    Numkam Fokoua, Eric; Abokhamis Mousavi, Seyed; Jasion, Gregory T.; Richardson, David J.; Poletti, Francesco
    • 2023
    • Advances in Optics and Photonics 15(1) 1-85  View: HTML | PDF
    Cited by: 41

    Over the past few years, progress in hollow-core optical fiber technology has reduced the attenuation of these fibers to levels comparable to those of all-solid silica-core single-mode fiber...

  • Beyond photon pairs—nonlinear quantum photonics in the high-gain regime: a tutorial

    Quesada, N.; Helt, L. G.; Menotti, M.; Liscidini, M.; Sipe, J. E.
    • 2022
    • Advances in Optics and Photonics 14(3) 291-403  View: HTML | PDF
    Cited by: 10

    Integrated optical devices will play a central role in the future development of nonlinear quantum photonics. Here we consider the generation of nonclassical states of light within them with...

  • Rogue waves in nonlinear optics

    Tlidi, M.; Taki, M.
    • 2022
    • Advances in Optics and Photonics 14(1) 87-147  View: HTML | PDF
    Cited by: 33

    Understanding the phenomenon of rogue wave formation, often called extreme waves, in diverse branches of nonlinear science has become one of the most attractive domains. Given the great richness of th...

  • Integrated phase-sensitive photonic sensors: a system design tutorial

    Milvich, Johannes; Kohler, Daria; Freude, Wolfgang; Koos, Christian
    • 2021
    • Advances in Optics and Photonics 13(3) 584-642  View: HTML | PDF [Suppl. Mat. (1)]
    Cited by: 12

    Photonic integration has seen tremendous progress over the previous decade, and several integration platforms have reached industrial maturity. This evolution has prepared the ground for miniaturized ...

  • Entanglement of a pair of quantum emitters via continuous fluorescence measurements: a tutorial

    Lewalle, Philippe; Elouard, Cyril; Manikandan, Sreenath K.; Qian, Xiao-Feng; Eberly, Joseph H.; Jordan, Andrew N.
    • 2021
    • Advances in Optics and Photonics 13(3) 517-583  View: HTML | PDF
    Cited by: 2

    We discuss recent developments in measurement protocols that generate quantum entanglement between two remote qubits, focusing on the theory of joint continuous detection of their spontaneou...

  • Optical tweezers — from calibration to applications: a tutorial

    Gieseler, Jan; Gomez-Solano, Juan Ruben; Magazzù, Alessandro; Pérez Castillo, Isaac; Pérez García, Laura; Gironella-Torrent, Marta; Viader-Godoy, Xavier; Ritort, Felix; Pesce, Giuseppe; Arzola, Alejandro V.; Volke-Sepúlveda, Karen; Volpe, Giovanni
    • 2021
    • Advances in Optics and Photonics 13(1) 74-241  View: HTML | PDF
    Cited by: 134

    Since their invention in 1986 by Arthur Ashkin and colleagues, optical tweezers have become an essential tool in several fields of physics, spectroscopy, biology, nanotechnology, and thermodynamics. I...

  • Fundamentals of automated human gesture recognition using 3D integral imaging: a tutorial

    Javidi, Bahram; Pla, Filiberto; Sotoca, José M.; Shen, Xin; Latorre-Carmona, Pedro; Martínez-Corral, Manuel; Fernández-Beltrán, Rubén; Krishnan, Gokul
    • 2020
    • Advances in Optics and Photonics 12(4) 1237-1299  View: HTML | PDF [Suppl. Mat. (4)]
    Cited by: 13

    Automated human gesture recognition is receiving significant research interest, with applications ranging from novel acquisition techniques to algorithms, data processing, and classification methodolo...

  • Photomechanical materials and applications: a tutorial

    Kuzyk, Mark G.; Dawson, Nathan J.
    • 2020
    • Advances in Optics and Photonics 12(4) 847-1011  View: HTML | PDF
    Cited by: 24

    The transistor has revolutionized civilization. The photon will enable the next revolution provided that photomechanical materials, which convert light energy into mechanical work, can be made substan...

  • Modeling electromagnetic resonators using quasinormal modes

    Kristensen, Philip Trøst; Herrmann, Kathrin; Intravaia, Francesco; Busch, Kurt
    • 2020
    • Advances in Optics and Photonics 12(3) 612-708  View: HTML | PDF [Suppl. Mat. (2)]
    Cited by: 81

    We present a biorthogonal approach for modeling the response of localized electromagnetic resonators using quasinormal modes, which represent the natural, dissipative eigenmodes of the system with com...

  • Fiber-based phase-sensitive optical amplifiers and their applications

    Andrekson, Peter A.; Karlsson, Magnus
    • 2020
    • Advances in Optics and Photonics 12(2) 367-428  View: HTML | PDF
    Cited by: 67

    Optical parametric amplifiers rely on second-order susceptibility (three-wave mixing) or third-order susceptibility (four-wave mixing) in a nonlinear process where the energy of incoming photons is no...

  • Terahertz digital holographic imaging

    Heimbeck, Martin S.; Everitt, Henry O.
    • 2020
    • Advances in Optics and Photonics 12(1) 1-59  View: HTML | PDF [Suppl. Mat. (4)]
    Cited by: 33

    This tutorial describes the application of digital holography to the terahertz spectral region and demonstrates how to reconstruct images of complex dielectric targets. Using highly coherent terahertz...

  • Waves, modes, communications, and optics: a tutorial

    Miller, David A. B.
    • 2019
    • Advances in Optics and Photonics 11(3) 679-825  View: HTML | PDF
    Cited by: 98

    Modes generally provide an economical description of waves, reducing complicated wave functions to finite numbers of mode amplitudes, as in propagating fiber modes and ideal laser beams. But...

  • Graphene-based materials in the infrared and terahertz detector families: a tutorial

    Rogalski, A.
    • 2019
    • Advances in Optics and Photonics 11(2) 314-379  View: HTML | PDF
    Cited by: 50

    The extraordinary electronic and two-dimensional materials make them promising candidates to replace traditional photodetectors in infrared and terahertz spectral ranges. This paper reviews ...