Abstract

Bismuth (Bi)-doped photonic materials, which exhibit broadband near-infrared (NIR) luminescence (1000–1600 nm), are evolving into interesting gain media. However, the traditional methods have shown their limitations in enhancing Bi NIR emission, especially in the microregion. Consequently, the typical NIR emission has seldom been achieved in Bi-doped waveguides, which highly restricts the application of Bi-activated materials. Here, superbroadband Bi NIR emission is induced in situ instantly in the grating region by a femtosecond (fs) laser inside borosilicate glasses. A series of structural and spectroscopic characterizations are summoned to probe the generation mechanism. And we show how this novel NIR emission in the grating region can be enhanced significantly and erased reversibly. Furthermore, we successfully demonstrate Bi-activated optical waveguides. These results present new insights into Bi-doped materials and push the development of broadband waveguide amplification.

© 2019 Chinese Laser Press

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2018 (3)

L. P. Wang, N. J. Long, L. H. Li, Y. Lu, M. Li, J. K. Cao, Y. Zhang, Q. Y. Zhang, S. H. Xu, Z. M. Yang, C. B. Mao, and M. Y. Peng, “Multi-functional bismuth-doped bioglasses: combining bioactivity and photothermal response for bone tumor treatment and tissue repair,” Light Sci. Appl. 7, 1 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. K. Cao, L. Y. Li, L. P. Wang, X. M. Li, Z. Y. Zhang, S. Xu, and M. Y. Peng, “Creating and stabilizing Bi NIR-emitting centers in low Bi content by topo-chemical reduction and tailoring local glass structure,” J. Mater. Chem. C 6, 5384–5390 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Han, F. J. Pan, M. S. Molokeev, J. F. Dai, M. Y. Peng, W. J. Zhou, and J. Wang, “Redefinition of crystal structure and Bi3+ yellow luminescence with strong near-ultraviolet excitation in La3BWO9:Bi3+ phosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10, 13660–13668 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (3)

C. L. Sun, Y. Yu, G. Y. Chen, and X. L. Zhang, “Ultra-compact bent multimode silicon waveguide with ultralow inter-mode crosstalk,” Opt. Lett. 42, 3004–3007 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Jornod, V. J. Wittwer, C. Kränkel, D. Waldburger, U. Keller, T. Südmeyer, and T. Calmano, “High-power amplification of a femtosecond vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser in an Yb:YAG waveguide,” Opt. Express 25, 16527–16533 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Han, L. J. Li, M. Y. Peng, B. L. Huang, F. J. Pan, F. W. Kang, L. Y. Li, J. Wang, and B. F. Lei, “Toward Bi3+ red luminescence with no visible reabsorption through manageable energy interaction and crystal defect modulation in single Bi3+-doped ZnWO4 crystal,” Chem. Mater. 29, 8412–8424 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (4)

L. P. Wang, Y. Q. Zhao, S. H. Xu, and M. Y. Peng, “Thermal degradation of ultrabroad bismuth NIR luminescence in bismuth-doped tantalum germanate laser glasses,” Opt. Lett. 41, 1340–1343 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Y. Zheng, L. L. Tan, L. P. Wang, M. Y. Peng, and S. H. Xu, “Superbroad visible to NIR photoluminescence from Bi+ evidenced in Ba2B5O9Cl: Bi crystal,” Opt. Express 24, 2830–2835 (2016).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang, E. T. F. Rogers, B. Gholipour, C. M. Wang, G. H. Yuan, J. H. Teng, and N. I. Zheludev, “Optically reconfigurable metasurfaces and photonic devices based on phase change materials,” Nat. Photonics 10, 60–65 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Z. Tan, K. N. Sharafudeen, Y. Z. Yue, and J. R. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser induced phenomena in transparent solid materials: fundamentals and applications,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 76, 154–228 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

2014 (2)

A. N. Romanov, A. A. Veber, Z. T. Fattakhova, D. N. Vtyurina, M. S. Kouznetsov, K. S. Zaramenskikh, I. S. Lisitsky, V. N. Korchak, V. B. Tsvetkov, and V. B. Sulimov, “Spectral properties and NIR photoluminescence of Bi+ impurity in CsCdCl3 ternary chloride,” J. Lumin. 149, 292–296 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. B. Xu, J. H. Hao, Q. B. Guo, J. C. Wang, G. X. Bai, B. Fei, S. F. Zhou, and J. R. Qiu, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared luminescence and efficient energy transfer in Bi and Bi/Ho co-doped thin films,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2, 2482–2487 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

2012 (3)

2011 (2)

2010 (4)

F. F. Luo, B. Qian, G. Lin, J. Xu, Y. Liao, J. Song, H. Y. Sun, B. Zhu, J. R. Qiu, Q. Z. Zhao, and Z. Z. Xu, “Redistribution of elements in glass induced by a high-repetition-rate femtosecond laser,” Opt. Express 18, 6262–6269 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Nishida, E. Yamade, M. Kusaba, T. Yatsuhashi, and N. Nakashima, “Reduction of Sm3+ to Sm2+ by an intense femtosecond laser pulse in solution,” J. Phys. Chem. A 114, 5648–5654 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Taigo, J. Jin, U. Takashi, and Y. Toshinobu, “Structural study of PbO-B2O3 glasses by X-ray diffraction and 11B MAS NMR techniques,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 83, 2543–2548 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. P. R. Ramirez, M. Heinrich, S. Richter, F. Dreisow, R. Keil, A. V. Korovin, U. Peschel, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Tuning the structural properties of femtosecond-laser-induced nanogratings,” Appl. Phys. A 100, 1–6 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (4)

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Redox equilibrium and NIR luminescence of Bi2O3-containing glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31, 1262–1268 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. Quimby, R. Shubochkin, and T. Morse, “High quantum efficiency of near-infrared emission in bismuth doped AlGeP-silica fiber,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3181–3183 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. Trentelman, “A note on the characterization of bismuth black by Raman micro-spectroscopy,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 40, 585–589 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. P. Zhang, Y. X. Yang, Y. W. Ou, H. Wei, J. H. Zheng, and G. R. Chen, “Effect of Sb2O3 on thermal properties of glasses in Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 system,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92, 1881–1883 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (4)

J. J. Ren, J. R. Qiu, D. P. Chen, X. Hua, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Luminescence properties of bismuth-doped lime silicate glasses,” J. Alloys Compd. 463, L5–L8 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Y. Sharonov, A. B. Bykov, V. Petricevic, and R. R. Alfano, “Spectroscopic study of optical centers formed in Bi-, Pb-, Sb-, Sn-, Te-, and In-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Lett. 33, 2131–2133 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. D. Zeng, G. R. Chen, J. R. Qiu, X. W. Jiang, C. S. Zhu, and F. X. Gan, “Effect of PbO on precipitation of laser-induced gold nanoparticles inside silicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 1155–1158 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. G. Rafael and M. Eric, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics 2, 219–225 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, “Luminescent properties of Bi-doped boro-alumino-phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 135–137 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Murata and T. Mouri, “Matrix effect on absorption and infrared fluorescence properties of Bi ions in oxide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 2403–2407 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (4)

Y. Nasu, M. Kohtoku, and Y. Hibino, “Low-loss waveguides written with a femtosecond laser for flexible interconnection in a planar light-wave circuit,” Opt. Lett. 30, 723–725 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Y. Peng, C. Wang, D. P. Chen, J. R. Qiu, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Investigations on bismuth and aluminum co-doped germanium oxide glasses for ultra-broadband optical amplification,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351, 2388–2393 (2005).
[Crossref]

G. D. Valle, R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, S. Taccheo, G. Cerullo, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. Lederer, and D. Kopf, “C-band waveguide amplifier produced by femtosecond laser writing,” Opt. Express 13, 5976–5982 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Hayasaki, T. Sugimoto, A. Takita, and N. Nishida, “Variable holographic femtosecond laser processing by use of a spatial light modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 031101 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

L. Baia, R. Stefan, P. Jürgen, S. Simon, and W. Kiefer, “Vibrational spectroscopy of highly iron doped B2O3-Bi2O3 glass systems,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 324, 109–117 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

Y. D. Yiannopoulos, G. D. Chryssikos, and E. I. Kamitsos, “Structure and properties of alkaline earth borate glasses,” Phys. Chem. Glasses 42, 164–172 (2001).

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L279–L281 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (3)

J. R. Qiu, K. Kojima, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, “Infrared femtosecond laser pulse-induced permanent reduction of Eu3+ to Eu2+ in a fluorozirconate glass,” Opt. Lett. 24, 786–788 (1999).
[Crossref]

L. Stoch and M. Środa, “Infrared spectroscopy in the investigation of oxide glasses structure,” J. Mol. Struct. 511, 77–84 (1999).
[Crossref]

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. R. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2199–2202 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

P. P. Pronko, P. A. VanRompay, C. Horvath, F. Loesel, T. Juhasz, X. Liu, and G. Mourou, “Avalanche ionization and dielectric breakdown in silicon with ultrafast laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 2387–2390 (1998).
[Crossref]

1996 (2)

P. W. Wang and L. P. Zhang, “Structural role of lead in lead silicate glasses derived from XPS spectra,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 194, 129–134 (1996).
[Crossref]

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1995 (1)

G. Popovici, R. Wilson, T. Sung, M. Prelas, and S. Khasawinah, “Diffusion of boron, lithium, oxygen, hydrogen, and nitrogen in type IIa natural diamond,” J. Appl. Phys. 77, 5103–5106 (1995).
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1988 (1)

A. E. Miller, K. Nassau, K. B. Lyons, and M. E. Lines, “The intensity of Raman scattering in glasses containing heavy metal oxides,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 99, 289–307 (1988).
[Crossref]

1976 (1)

K. S. Kim, P. J. Bray, and S. Merrin, “Nuclear magnetic resonance studies of the glasses in the system PbO-B2O3-SiO2,” J. Chem. Phys. 64, 4459–4465 (1976).
[Crossref]

1969 (1)

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).
[Crossref]

Agostini, P.

K. Yamanouchi, S. L. Chin, P. Agostini, and G. Ferrante, Progress in Ultrafast Intense Laser Science I (Springer, 2009), p. 241.

Alfano, R. R.

Arai, Y.

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Redox equilibrium and NIR luminescence of Bi2O3-containing glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31, 1262–1268 (2009).
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Baccaro, S.

Bai, G. X.

B. B. Xu, J. H. Hao, Q. B. Guo, J. C. Wang, G. X. Bai, B. Fei, S. F. Zhou, and J. R. Qiu, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared luminescence and efficient energy transfer in Bi and Bi/Ho co-doped thin films,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2, 2482–2487 (2014).
[Crossref]

Baia, L.

L. Baia, R. Stefan, P. Jürgen, S. Simon, and W. Kiefer, “Vibrational spectroscopy of highly iron doped B2O3-Bi2O3 glass systems,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 324, 109–117 (2003).
[Crossref]

Bray, P. J.

K. S. Kim, P. J. Bray, and S. Merrin, “Nuclear magnetic resonance studies of the glasses in the system PbO-B2O3-SiO2,” J. Chem. Phys. 64, 4459–4465 (1976).
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Bykov, A. B.

Calmano, T.

Cao, J. K.

L. P. Wang, N. J. Long, L. H. Li, Y. Lu, M. Li, J. K. Cao, Y. Zhang, Q. Y. Zhang, S. H. Xu, Z. M. Yang, C. B. Mao, and M. Y. Peng, “Multi-functional bismuth-doped bioglasses: combining bioactivity and photothermal response for bone tumor treatment and tissue repair,” Light Sci. Appl. 7, 1 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. K. Cao, L. Y. Li, L. P. Wang, X. M. Li, Z. Y. Zhang, S. Xu, and M. Y. Peng, “Creating and stabilizing Bi NIR-emitting centers in low Bi content by topo-chemical reduction and tailoring local glass structure,” J. Mater. Chem. C 6, 5384–5390 (2018).
[Crossref]

Cao, R. P.

Cao, X. L.

Cemmi, A.

Cerullo, G.

Chen, D. P.

J. J. Ren, J. R. Qiu, D. P. Chen, X. Hua, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Luminescence properties of bismuth-doped lime silicate glasses,” J. Alloys Compd. 463, L5–L8 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Y. Peng, C. Wang, D. P. Chen, J. R. Qiu, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Investigations on bismuth and aluminum co-doped germanium oxide glasses for ultra-broadband optical amplification,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351, 2388–2393 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Y. Peng, J. R. Qiu, D. P. Chen, X. G. Meng, L. Y. Yang, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Bismuth and aluminum codoped germanium oxide glasses for super-broadband optical amplification,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1998–2000 (2004).
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Chen, G.

Chen, G. R.

Y. P. Zhang, Y. X. Yang, Y. W. Ou, H. Wei, J. H. Zheng, and G. R. Chen, “Effect of Sb2O3 on thermal properties of glasses in Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 system,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92, 1881–1883 (2009).
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H. D. Zeng, G. R. Chen, J. R. Qiu, X. W. Jiang, C. S. Zhu, and F. X. Gan, “Effect of PbO on precipitation of laser-induced gold nanoparticles inside silicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 1155–1158 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, G. Y.

Chen, Y. F.

Chiang, K. S.

Chin, S. L.

K. Yamanouchi, S. L. Chin, P. Agostini, and G. Ferrante, Progress in Ultrafast Intense Laser Science I (Springer, 2009), p. 241.

Chiodo, N.

Chryssikos, G. D.

Y. D. Yiannopoulos, G. D. Chryssikos, and E. I. Kamitsos, “Structure and properties of alkaline earth borate glasses,” Phys. Chem. Glasses 42, 164–172 (2001).

Dai, J. F.

J. Han, F. J. Pan, M. S. Molokeev, J. F. Dai, M. Y. Peng, W. J. Zhou, and J. Wang, “Redefinition of crystal structure and Bi3+ yellow luminescence with strong near-ultraviolet excitation in La3BWO9:Bi3+ phosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10, 13660–13668 (2018).
[Crossref]

Davis, K. M.

Denker, B.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, “Luminescent properties of Bi-doped boro-alumino-phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 135–137 (2007).
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Dianov, E.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, “Luminescent properties of Bi-doped boro-alumino-phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 135–137 (2007).
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Dianov, E. M.

E. M. Dianov, “Nature of Bi-related near IR active centers in glasses: state of the art and first reliable results,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12, 095106 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped optical fibers: a challenging active medium for near-IR lasers and optical amplifiers,” Light Sci. Appl. 1, e12 (2012).
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Dong, G. P.

Dreisow, F.

L. P. R. Ramirez, M. Heinrich, S. Richter, F. Dreisow, R. Keil, A. V. Korovin, U. Peschel, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Tuning the structural properties of femtosecond-laser-induced nanogratings,” Appl. Phys. A 100, 1–6 (2010).
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Eric, M.

R. G. Rafael and M. Eric, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics 2, 219–225 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fan, X.

Fattakhova, Z. T.

A. N. Romanov, A. A. Veber, Z. T. Fattakhova, D. N. Vtyurina, M. S. Kouznetsov, K. S. Zaramenskikh, I. S. Lisitsky, V. N. Korchak, V. B. Tsvetkov, and V. B. Sulimov, “Spectral properties and NIR photoluminescence of Bi+ impurity in CsCdCl3 ternary chloride,” J. Lumin. 149, 292–296 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fei, B.

B. B. Xu, J. H. Hao, Q. B. Guo, J. C. Wang, G. X. Bai, B. Fei, S. F. Zhou, and J. R. Qiu, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared luminescence and efficient energy transfer in Bi and Bi/Ho co-doped thin films,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2, 2482–2487 (2014).
[Crossref]

Feng, Q. Y.

Ferrante, G.

K. Yamanouchi, S. L. Chin, P. Agostini, and G. Ferrante, Progress in Ultrafast Intense Laser Science I (Springer, 2009), p. 241.

Fujimoto, Y.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L279–L281 (2001).
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Galagan, B.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, “Luminescent properties of Bi-doped boro-alumino-phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 135–137 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gan, F. X.

H. D. Zeng, G. R. Chen, J. R. Qiu, X. W. Jiang, C. S. Zhu, and F. X. Gan, “Effect of PbO on precipitation of laser-induced gold nanoparticles inside silicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 1155–1158 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gandhi, Y.

B. Suresh, M. S. Reddy, A. S. S. Reddy, Y. Gandhi, V. R. Kumar, and N. Veeraiah, “Spectroscopic features of Ni2+ ion in PbO-Bi2O3-SiO2 glass system,” Spectrochim. Acta A 141, 263–271 (2015).
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Gholipour, B.

Q. Wang, E. T. F. Rogers, B. Gholipour, C. M. Wang, G. H. Yuan, J. H. Teng, and N. I. Zheludev, “Optically reconfigurable metasurfaces and photonic devices based on phase change materials,” Nat. Photonics 10, 60–65 (2016).
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Gong, Y.

Guan, M. J.

Guo, Q. B.

B. B. Xu, J. H. Hao, Q. B. Guo, J. C. Wang, G. X. Bai, B. Fei, S. F. Zhou, and J. R. Qiu, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared luminescence and efficient energy transfer in Bi and Bi/Ho co-doped thin films,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2, 2482–2487 (2014).
[Crossref]

Han, J.

J. Han, F. J. Pan, M. S. Molokeev, J. F. Dai, M. Y. Peng, W. J. Zhou, and J. Wang, “Redefinition of crystal structure and Bi3+ yellow luminescence with strong near-ultraviolet excitation in La3BWO9:Bi3+ phosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10, 13660–13668 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Han, L. J. Li, M. Y. Peng, B. L. Huang, F. J. Pan, F. W. Kang, L. Y. Li, J. Wang, and B. F. Lei, “Toward Bi3+ red luminescence with no visible reabsorption through manageable energy interaction and crystal defect modulation in single Bi3+-doped ZnWO4 crystal,” Chem. Mater. 29, 8412–8424 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hao, J. H.

B. B. Xu, J. H. Hao, Q. B. Guo, J. C. Wang, G. X. Bai, B. Fei, S. F. Zhou, and J. R. Qiu, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared luminescence and efficient energy transfer in Bi and Bi/Ho co-doped thin films,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2, 2482–2487 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hayasaki, Y.

Y. Hayasaki, T. Sugimoto, A. Takita, and N. Nishida, “Variable holographic femtosecond laser processing by use of a spatial light modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 031101 (2005).
[Crossref]

Heidepriem, H. E.

Heinrich, M.

L. P. R. Ramirez, M. Heinrich, S. Richter, F. Dreisow, R. Keil, A. V. Korovin, U. Peschel, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Tuning the structural properties of femtosecond-laser-induced nanogratings,” Appl. Phys. A 100, 1–6 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hibino, Y.

Hirao, K.

Hong, Z. L.

Horvath, C.

P. P. Pronko, P. A. VanRompay, C. Horvath, F. Loesel, T. Juhasz, X. Liu, and G. Mourou, “Avalanche ionization and dielectric breakdown in silicon with ultrafast laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 2387–2390 (1998).
[Crossref]

Hua, X.

J. J. Ren, J. R. Qiu, D. P. Chen, X. Hua, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Luminescence properties of bismuth-doped lime silicate glasses,” J. Alloys Compd. 463, L5–L8 (2008).
[Crossref]

Huang, B. L.

J. Han, L. J. Li, M. Y. Peng, B. L. Huang, F. J. Pan, F. W. Kang, L. Y. Li, J. Wang, and B. F. Lei, “Toward Bi3+ red luminescence with no visible reabsorption through manageable energy interaction and crystal defect modulation in single Bi3+-doped ZnWO4 crystal,” Chem. Mater. 29, 8412–8424 (2017).
[Crossref]

Inouye, H.

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. R. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2199–2202 (1999).
[Crossref]

Jia, Z. X.

Jiang, X.

Jiang, X. W.

J. J. Ren, J. R. Qiu, D. P. Chen, X. Hua, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Luminescence properties of bismuth-doped lime silicate glasses,” J. Alloys Compd. 463, L5–L8 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. D. Zeng, G. R. Chen, J. R. Qiu, X. W. Jiang, C. S. Zhu, and F. X. Gan, “Effect of PbO on precipitation of laser-induced gold nanoparticles inside silicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 1155–1158 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Y. Peng, C. Wang, D. P. Chen, J. R. Qiu, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Investigations on bismuth and aluminum co-doped germanium oxide glasses for ultra-broadband optical amplification,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351, 2388–2393 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Y. Peng, J. R. Qiu, D. P. Chen, X. G. Meng, L. Y. Yang, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Bismuth and aluminum codoped germanium oxide glasses for super-broadband optical amplification,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1998–2000 (2004).
[Crossref]

Jin, J.

T. Taigo, J. Jin, U. Takashi, and Y. Toshinobu, “Structural study of PbO-B2O3 glasses by X-ray diffraction and 11B MAS NMR techniques,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 83, 2543–2548 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jornod, N.

Juhasz, T.

P. P. Pronko, P. A. VanRompay, C. Horvath, F. Loesel, T. Juhasz, X. Liu, and G. Mourou, “Avalanche ionization and dielectric breakdown in silicon with ultrafast laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 2387–2390 (1998).
[Crossref]

Jürgen, P.

L. Baia, R. Stefan, P. Jürgen, S. Simon, and W. Kiefer, “Vibrational spectroscopy of highly iron doped B2O3-Bi2O3 glass systems,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 324, 109–117 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kamitsos, E. I.

Y. D. Yiannopoulos, G. D. Chryssikos, and E. I. Kamitsos, “Structure and properties of alkaline earth borate glasses,” Phys. Chem. Glasses 42, 164–172 (2001).

Kanehira, S.

Kang, F. W.

J. Han, L. J. Li, M. Y. Peng, B. L. Huang, F. J. Pan, F. W. Kang, L. Y. Li, J. Wang, and B. F. Lei, “Toward Bi3+ red luminescence with no visible reabsorption through manageable energy interaction and crystal defect modulation in single Bi3+-doped ZnWO4 crystal,” Chem. Mater. 29, 8412–8424 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Y. Zheng, M. Y. Peng, F. W. Kang, R. P. Cao, Z. J. Ma, G. P. Dong, J. R. Qiu, and S. H. Xu, “Broadband NIR luminescence from a new bismuth doped Ba2B5O9Cl crystal: evidence for the Bi0 model,” Opt. Express 20, 22569–22578 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kazansky, P. G.

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. R. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2199–2202 (1999).
[Crossref]

Keil, R.

L. P. R. Ramirez, M. Heinrich, S. Richter, F. Dreisow, R. Keil, A. V. Korovin, U. Peschel, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Tuning the structural properties of femtosecond-laser-induced nanogratings,” Appl. Phys. A 100, 1–6 (2010).
[Crossref]

Keller, U.

Khasawinah, S.

G. Popovici, R. Wilson, T. Sung, M. Prelas, and S. Khasawinah, “Diffusion of boron, lithium, oxygen, hydrogen, and nitrogen in type IIa natural diamond,” J. Appl. Phys. 77, 5103–5106 (1995).
[Crossref]

Khonthon, S.

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Redox equilibrium and NIR luminescence of Bi2O3-containing glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31, 1262–1268 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kiefer, W.

L. Baia, R. Stefan, P. Jürgen, S. Simon, and W. Kiefer, “Vibrational spectroscopy of highly iron doped B2O3-Bi2O3 glass systems,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 324, 109–117 (2003).
[Crossref]

Killi, A.

Kim, K. S.

K. S. Kim, P. J. Bray, and S. Merrin, “Nuclear magnetic resonance studies of the glasses in the system PbO-B2O3-SiO2,” J. Chem. Phys. 64, 4459–4465 (1976).
[Crossref]

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).
[Crossref]

Kohtoku, M.

Kojima, K.

Kopf, D.

Korchak, V. N.

A. N. Romanov, A. A. Veber, Z. T. Fattakhova, D. N. Vtyurina, M. S. Kouznetsov, K. S. Zaramenskikh, I. S. Lisitsky, V. N. Korchak, V. B. Tsvetkov, and V. B. Sulimov, “Spectral properties and NIR photoluminescence of Bi+ impurity in CsCdCl3 ternary chloride,” J. Lumin. 149, 292–296 (2014).
[Crossref]

Korovin, A. V.

L. P. R. Ramirez, M. Heinrich, S. Richter, F. Dreisow, R. Keil, A. V. Korovin, U. Peschel, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Tuning the structural properties of femtosecond-laser-induced nanogratings,” Appl. Phys. A 100, 1–6 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kouznetsov, M. S.

A. N. Romanov, A. A. Veber, Z. T. Fattakhova, D. N. Vtyurina, M. S. Kouznetsov, K. S. Zaramenskikh, I. S. Lisitsky, V. N. Korchak, V. B. Tsvetkov, and V. B. Sulimov, “Spectral properties and NIR photoluminescence of Bi+ impurity in CsCdCl3 ternary chloride,” J. Lumin. 149, 292–296 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kränkel, C.

Kumar, V. R.

B. Suresh, M. S. Reddy, A. S. S. Reddy, Y. Gandhi, V. R. Kumar, and N. Veeraiah, “Spectroscopic features of Ni2+ ion in PbO-Bi2O3-SiO2 glass system,” Spectrochim. Acta A 141, 263–271 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kusaba, M.

D. Nishida, E. Yamade, M. Kusaba, T. Yatsuhashi, and N. Nakashima, “Reduction of Sm3+ to Sm2+ by an intense femtosecond laser pulse in solution,” J. Phys. Chem. A 114, 5648–5654 (2010).
[Crossref]

Laporta, P.

Lederer, M.

Lei, B. F.

J. Han, L. J. Li, M. Y. Peng, B. L. Huang, F. J. Pan, F. W. Kang, L. Y. Li, J. Wang, and B. F. Lei, “Toward Bi3+ red luminescence with no visible reabsorption through manageable energy interaction and crystal defect modulation in single Bi3+-doped ZnWO4 crystal,” Chem. Mater. 29, 8412–8424 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

Li, L. H.

L. P. Wang, N. J. Long, L. H. Li, Y. Lu, M. Li, J. K. Cao, Y. Zhang, Q. Y. Zhang, S. H. Xu, Z. M. Yang, C. B. Mao, and M. Y. Peng, “Multi-functional bismuth-doped bioglasses: combining bioactivity and photothermal response for bone tumor treatment and tissue repair,” Light Sci. Appl. 7, 1 (2018).
[Crossref]

Li, L. J.

J. Han, L. J. Li, M. Y. Peng, B. L. Huang, F. J. Pan, F. W. Kang, L. Y. Li, J. Wang, and B. F. Lei, “Toward Bi3+ red luminescence with no visible reabsorption through manageable energy interaction and crystal defect modulation in single Bi3+-doped ZnWO4 crystal,” Chem. Mater. 29, 8412–8424 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, L. Y.

J. K. Cao, L. Y. Li, L. P. Wang, X. M. Li, Z. Y. Zhang, S. Xu, and M. Y. Peng, “Creating and stabilizing Bi NIR-emitting centers in low Bi content by topo-chemical reduction and tailoring local glass structure,” J. Mater. Chem. C 6, 5384–5390 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Han, L. J. Li, M. Y. Peng, B. L. Huang, F. J. Pan, F. W. Kang, L. Y. Li, J. Wang, and B. F. Lei, “Toward Bi3+ red luminescence with no visible reabsorption through manageable energy interaction and crystal defect modulation in single Bi3+-doped ZnWO4 crystal,” Chem. Mater. 29, 8412–8424 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, M.

L. P. Wang, N. J. Long, L. H. Li, Y. Lu, M. Li, J. K. Cao, Y. Zhang, Q. Y. Zhang, S. H. Xu, Z. M. Yang, C. B. Mao, and M. Y. Peng, “Multi-functional bismuth-doped bioglasses: combining bioactivity and photothermal response for bone tumor treatment and tissue repair,” Light Sci. Appl. 7, 1 (2018).
[Crossref]

Li, X. M.

J. K. Cao, L. Y. Li, L. P. Wang, X. M. Li, Z. Y. Zhang, S. Xu, and M. Y. Peng, “Creating and stabilizing Bi NIR-emitting centers in low Bi content by topo-chemical reduction and tailoring local glass structure,” J. Mater. Chem. C 6, 5384–5390 (2018).
[Crossref]

Liao, Y.

Lin, G.

Lines, M. E.

A. E. Miller, K. Nassau, K. B. Lyons, and M. E. Lines, “The intensity of Raman scattering in glasses containing heavy metal oxides,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 99, 289–307 (1988).
[Crossref]

Lisitsky, I. S.

A. N. Romanov, A. A. Veber, Z. T. Fattakhova, D. N. Vtyurina, M. S. Kouznetsov, K. S. Zaramenskikh, I. S. Lisitsky, V. N. Korchak, V. B. Tsvetkov, and V. B. Sulimov, “Spectral properties and NIR photoluminescence of Bi+ impurity in CsCdCl3 ternary chloride,” J. Lumin. 149, 292–296 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

P. P. Pronko, P. A. VanRompay, C. Horvath, F. Loesel, T. Juhasz, X. Liu, and G. Mourou, “Avalanche ionization and dielectric breakdown in silicon with ultrafast laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 2387–2390 (1998).
[Crossref]

Loesel, F.

P. P. Pronko, P. A. VanRompay, C. Horvath, F. Loesel, T. Juhasz, X. Liu, and G. Mourou, “Avalanche ionization and dielectric breakdown in silicon with ultrafast laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 2387–2390 (1998).
[Crossref]

Long, N. J.

L. P. Wang, N. J. Long, L. H. Li, Y. Lu, M. Li, J. K. Cao, Y. Zhang, Q. Y. Zhang, S. H. Xu, Z. M. Yang, C. B. Mao, and M. Y. Peng, “Multi-functional bismuth-doped bioglasses: combining bioactivity and photothermal response for bone tumor treatment and tissue repair,” Light Sci. Appl. 7, 1 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lu, Y.

L. P. Wang, N. J. Long, L. H. Li, Y. Lu, M. Li, J. K. Cao, Y. Zhang, Q. Y. Zhang, S. H. Xu, Z. M. Yang, C. B. Mao, and M. Y. Peng, “Multi-functional bismuth-doped bioglasses: combining bioactivity and photothermal response for bone tumor treatment and tissue repair,” Light Sci. Appl. 7, 1 (2018).
[Crossref]

Luo, F. F.

Lyons, K. B.

A. E. Miller, K. Nassau, K. B. Lyons, and M. E. Lines, “The intensity of Raman scattering in glasses containing heavy metal oxides,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 99, 289–307 (1988).
[Crossref]

Ma, Z. J.

Manning, S.

Mao, C. B.

L. P. Wang, N. J. Long, L. H. Li, Y. Lu, M. Li, J. K. Cao, Y. Zhang, Q. Y. Zhang, S. H. Xu, Z. M. Yang, C. B. Mao, and M. Y. Peng, “Multi-functional bismuth-doped bioglasses: combining bioactivity and photothermal response for bone tumor treatment and tissue repair,” Light Sci. Appl. 7, 1 (2018).
[Crossref]

Meng, X. G.

Merrin, S.

K. S. Kim, P. J. Bray, and S. Merrin, “Nuclear magnetic resonance studies of the glasses in the system PbO-B2O3-SiO2,” J. Chem. Phys. 64, 4459–4465 (1976).
[Crossref]

Miller, A. E.

A. E. Miller, K. Nassau, K. B. Lyons, and M. E. Lines, “The intensity of Raman scattering in glasses containing heavy metal oxides,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 99, 289–307 (1988).
[Crossref]

Mitsuyu, T.

J. R. Qiu, K. Kojima, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, “Infrared femtosecond laser pulse-induced permanent reduction of Eu3+ to Eu2+ in a fluorozirconate glass,” Opt. Lett. 24, 786–788 (1999).
[Crossref]

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. R. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2199–2202 (1999).
[Crossref]

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B. B. Xu, J. H. Hao, Q. B. Guo, J. C. Wang, G. X. Bai, B. Fei, S. F. Zhou, and J. R. Qiu, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared luminescence and efficient energy transfer in Bi and Bi/Ho co-doped thin films,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2, 2482–2487 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. B. Xu, S. F. Zhou, M. J. Guan, D. Z. Tan, Y. Teng, J. J. Zhou, Z. J. Ma, Z. L. Hong, and J. R. Qiu, “Unusual luminescence quenching and reviving behavior of Bi-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express 19, 23436–23443 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

Xu, S.

J. K. Cao, L. Y. Li, L. P. Wang, X. M. Li, Z. Y. Zhang, S. Xu, and M. Y. Peng, “Creating and stabilizing Bi NIR-emitting centers in low Bi content by topo-chemical reduction and tailoring local glass structure,” J. Mater. Chem. C 6, 5384–5390 (2018).
[Crossref]

Xu, S. H.

Xu, Z. Z.

Yamade, E.

D. Nishida, E. Yamade, M. Kusaba, T. Yatsuhashi, and N. Nakashima, “Reduction of Sm3+ to Sm2+ by an intense femtosecond laser pulse in solution,” J. Phys. Chem. A 114, 5648–5654 (2010).
[Crossref]

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K. Yamanouchi, S. L. Chin, P. Agostini, and G. Ferrante, Progress in Ultrafast Intense Laser Science I (Springer, 2009), p. 241.

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Yang, Y. X.

Y. P. Zhang, Y. X. Yang, Y. W. Ou, H. Wei, J. H. Zheng, and G. R. Chen, “Effect of Sb2O3 on thermal properties of glasses in Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 system,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92, 1881–1883 (2009).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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Yatsuhashi, T.

D. Nishida, E. Yamade, M. Kusaba, T. Yatsuhashi, and N. Nakashima, “Reduction of Sm3+ to Sm2+ by an intense femtosecond laser pulse in solution,” J. Phys. Chem. A 114, 5648–5654 (2010).
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[Crossref]

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D. Z. Tan, K. N. Sharafudeen, Y. Z. Yue, and J. R. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser induced phenomena in transparent solid materials: fundamentals and applications,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 76, 154–228 (2016).
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Zhang, W. L.

Zhang, X. L.

Zhang, Y.

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Zhang, Z. Y.

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Zheng, L.

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[Crossref]

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M. Y. Peng, C. Wang, D. P. Chen, J. R. Qiu, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Investigations on bismuth and aluminum co-doped germanium oxide glasses for ultra-broadband optical amplification,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351, 2388–2393 (2005).
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P. W. Wang and L. P. Zhang, “Structural role of lead in lead silicate glasses derived from XPS spectra,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 194, 129–134 (1996).
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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Absorption and NIR emission of B0PS sample after fs laser irradiation. (a) Optical microscope image of grating under 6.0 μJ of fs laser pulse energy, and photographs of B0PS sample irradiated under different pulse energy (0–8.0 μJ, as labeled); (b) UV/VIS/NIR absorption and (c) NIR emission spectra ( λ ex = 808    nm ) of the B0PS sample with increasing fs laser pulse energy; (d) dependence of Bi NIR emission intensity (red curve) and absorption coefficients (blue curve) on the pulse energy of the fs laser.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Element migration, micro-Raman spectra, and visible fluorescence spectra in the fs laser-focused region. (a) Backscattering electron image and element distribution showing the relative concentrations of O, B, and Bi around the fs laser focal point; (b) micro-Raman spectra of the fs laser-focused region with different positions under 2.0 μJ of pulse energy. The Raman spectrum of the B0PS sample without fs irradiation is added for comparison (black curve). (c) XPS profiles at the Bi 4 f core level of the B0PS sample before and after fs laser irradiation; (d) visible fluorescence spectra of the B0PS sample upon 354 nm excitation with laser pulse energy from 0 to 8.0 μJ.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. NIR emission and structure analysis of BxPS glasses without fs laser irradiation. (a) Emission ( λ ex = 808    nm ), (b) FTIR, and (c)  B 11 MAS NMR spectra of BxPS glasses ( x = 0 , 5, 15, 20, 25, 35, 45) before fs laser irradiation; (d) relative ratio of [ BO 4 ] / [ BO 3 ] in B 11 MAS NMR and FTIR spectra, respectively, as a function of PbO content.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Absorption, Bi NIR emission of BxPS glasses, and the sample 60 B 2 O 3 15 SiO 2 23 PbO 2 Sb 2 O 3 without Bi 2 O 3 before and after fs laser irradiation. (a) Absorption and (b) Bi NIR emission spectra ( λ ex = 808    nm ) of the grating region of BxPS ( x = 0 , 5, 15, 20, 25, 35, 45) glasses. The inset in (a) shows photographs of the BxPS sample after fs laser irradiation. (c) The dependence of emission intensity and peak position on PbO content ( x = 0 45 ); (d) XPS profiles at Pb and the Bi 4 f core level of the B25PS sample before and after fs laser irradiation; (e) absorption and (f) emission spectra of the 60 B 2 O 3 15 SiO 2 23 PbO–2 Sb 2 O 3 sample without Bi 2 O 3 before and after fs laser irradiation.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Absorption, NIR emission, and visible luminescence of the B25PS irradiated sample after annealing. (a) Absorption, (b) NIR emission ( λ ex = 808    nm ), and (c) visible fluorescence ( λ ex = 354    nm ) of the irradiation region of the B25PS sample annealed at 400°C for 0, 5, 10, 20, 40, and 60 min, respectively. The inset in (b) shows the corresponding photographs of the B25PS sample. (d) The dependence of the Bi NIR emission intensity of the B0PS and B25PS samples on annealing time; (e) Bi NIR emission spectra of the B0PS and B25PS samples after first and second fs laser writing.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Illustration of Bi-activated optical waveguide. (a) Optical microscope image of gratings inside the B25PS sample under 6.0 μJ laser pulse energy and the diffraction pattern of an He–Ne laser at 632.8 nm; (b) Bi NIR emission when pumping the waveguide under 808 nm irradiation ( 3    W / cm 2 ).

Equations (3)

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Bi n + + x e fs Bi ( n x ) + .
P ( I ) = σ k I k ,
η = ( π Δ n d / λ cos θ ) 2 ,

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