Abstract

Bismuth nanosheets (Bi-NSs) were successfully prepared and employed as saturable absorbers to generate a diode-pumped dual-wavelength Er3+:SrF2 laser in the mid-infrared region. Q-switched pulses with a maximum output power of 0.226 W were obtained at an absorbed pump power of 1.97 W. A repetition rate of 56.20 kHz and a minimum pulse duration of 980 ns were achieved. To the best of our knowledge, we present the first application of Bi-NSs in a mid-infrared all-solid-state laser. The results prove that Bi-NSs may be applied as an optical modulator in mid-infrared photonic devices or as a mode-locker and Q-switcher.

© 2018 Chinese Laser Press

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References

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2018 (6)

X. F. Guan, L. J. Zhan, Z. W. Zhu, B. Xu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, W. W. Cai, X. D. Xu, J. Zhang, and J. Xu, “Continuous-wave and CVD-graphene-based passively Q-switched Er:Y2O3 ceramic lasers at 2.7  μm,” Appl. Opt. 57, 371–376 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Zhang, J. Liu, X. W. Fan, Q. Q. Peng, X. S. Guo, D. P. Jiang, X. B. Qian, and L. B. Su, “Compact passive Q-switching of a diode-pumped Tm, Y:CaF2 laser near 2  μm,” Opt. Laser Technol. 103, 89–92 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. C. Su, B. T. Zhang, Y. R. Wang, G. B. He, G. R. Li, N. Lin, K. J. Yang, J. L. He, and S. D. Liu, “Broadband rhenium disulfide optical modulator for solid-state lasers,” Photon. Res. 6, 498–505 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. P. Qiao, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, W. H. Song, W. C. Qiao, C. L. Wu, J. Zhao, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, T. Li, H. Liu, and C. K. Lee, “High-quality 2-μm Q-switched pulsed solid-state lasers using spin-coating-coreduction approach synthesized Bi2Te3 topological insulators,” Photon. Res. 6, 314–320 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear photonics in few-layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1700229 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. B. Su, X. S. Guo, D. P. Jiang, Q. H. Wu, Z. P. Qin, and G. Q. Xie, “Highly-efficient mid-infrared CW laser operation in a lightly-doped 3  at.% Er:SrF2 single crystal,” Opt. Express 26, 5558–5563 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (11)

L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. Wu, Z. Li, G. Jing, B. Dong, S. Lu, Y. Li, Y. Xiang, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear optical response in few-layer antimonene and antimonene quantum dots: a promising optical Kerr media with enhanced stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700301 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Song, Z. Liang, X. Jiang, Y. Chen, Z. Li, L. Lu, Y. Ge, K. Wang, J. Zheng, S. Lu, J. Ji, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer antimonene decorated microfiber: ultra-short pulse generation and all-optical thresholding with enhanced long term stability,” 2D Mater. 4, 045010 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Guo, F. Pan, M. Ye, X. T. Sun, Y. Y. Wang, J. Z. Li, X. Y. Zhang, H. Zhang, Y. Y. Pan, Z. G. Song, J. B. Yang, and J. Lu, “Monolayer bismuthene-metal contacts: a theoretical study,” ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 9, 23128–23140 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Lu, Z. M. Liang, L. M. Wu, Y. X. Chen, Y. F. Song, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, B. Q. Dong, Y. J. Xiang, F. Xing, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer bismuthene: sonochemical exfoliation, nonlinear optics and applications for ultrafast photonics with enhanced stability,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1700221 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, K. Yang, S. Zhao, T. Li, W. Qiao, H. Zhang, B. Zhang, J. He, J. Bian, L. Zheng, L. Su, and J. Xu, “High-power passively Q-switched 2  μm all-solid-state laser based on a Bi2Te3 saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 5, 461–466 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Q. Fan, T. Li, G. Q. Li, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, S. Y. Zhang, B. T. Zhang, J. Q. Xu, and C. Krankel, “Passively Q-switched Ho, Pr:LiLuF4 laser with graphitic carbon nitride nanosheet film,” Opt. Express 25, 12796–12803 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Guo, T. Li, S. Y. Zhang, M. J. Wang, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, D. C. Li, and Z. Y. Yan, “Passively Q-switched Ho, Pr:LiLuF4 bulk laser at 2.95  μm using WS2 saturable absorbers,” Opt. Mater. Express 7, 2090–2095 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Zhang, X. X. Liu, L. Guo, M. Q. Fan, F. Lou, P. Gao, G. H. Guo, J. L. Yang, J. J. Liu, T. Li, K. J. Yang, S. Z. Zhao, J. Liu, J. Q. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Passively Q-switched Ho, Pr:LLF bulk slab laser at 2.95  µm based on MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 29, 2258–2261 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. J. Liu, J. Liu, J. M. Yang, W. W. Ma, Q. H. Wu, and L. B. Su, “Efficient mid-infrared laser under different excitation pump wavelengths,” Opt. Lett. 42, 3908–3911 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Y. Yan, G. Q. Li, T. Li, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, S. Y. Zhang, M. Q. Fan, L. Guo, and B. T. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched Ho, Pr:LiLuF4 laser at 2.95  µm using MoSe2,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 1506207 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. K. Nie, P. X. Zhang, B. T. Zhang, K. J. Yang, L. H. Zhang, T. Li, S. Y. Zhang, J. Q. Xu, Y. Hang, and J. L. He, “Diode-end-pumped Ho, Pr:LiLuF4 bulk laser at 2.95  μm,” Opt. Lett. 42, 699–702 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (8)

J. J. Liu, X. W. Fan, J. Liu, W. W. Ma, J. Y. Wang, and L. Su, “Mid-infrared self-Q-switched Er, Pr:CaF2 diode-pumped laser,” Opt. Lett. 41, 4660–4663 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. T. Zhu, L. N. Zhao, J. Liu, S. C. Xu, W. Cai, S. Z. Jiang, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Monolayer graphene saturable absorber with sandwich structure for ultrafast solid-state laser,” Opt. Eng. 55, 081304 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. W. Ma, L. B. Su, X. D. Xu, J. Y. Wang, D. P. Jiang, L. H. Zheng, X. W. Fan, C. Li, J. Liu, and J. Xu, “Effect of erbium concentration on spectroscopic properties and 2.79  μm laser performance of Er:CaF2 crystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 6, 409–415 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. W. Ma, X. B. Qian, J. Y. Wang, J. J. Liu, X. W. Fan, J. Liu, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Highly efficient dual-wavelength mid-infrared CW laser in diode end-pumped Er:SrF2 single crystals,” Sci. Rep. 6, 36635 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. J. Liu, J. Liu, Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, W. W. Ma, J. Y. Wang, and L. B. Su, “Dual-wavelength Q-switched Er:SrF2 laser with a black phosphorus absorber in the mid-infrared region,” Opt. Express 24, 30289–30295 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Su, Y. Wang, B. Zhang, R. Zhao, K. Yang, J. He, Q. Hu, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, “Femtosecond solid-state laser based on a few-layered black phosphorus saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 41, 1945–1948 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Xu, Z. Wang, Z. Guo, H. Huang, Q. Xiao, H. Zhang, and X. F. Yu, “Solvothermal synthesis and ultrafast photonics of black phosphorus quantum dots,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4, 1223–1229 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Song, S. Chen, Q. Zhang, L. Li, L. Zhao, H. Zhang, and D. Tang, “Vector soliton fiber laser passively mode locked by few layer black phosphorus-based optical saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 24, 25933–25942 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (6)

Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, Z. T. Wang, S. Y. Tang, J. D. Shao, Z. B. Sun, H. H. Xie, H. Y. Wang, X. F. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of Raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. T. Zhang, F. Lou, R. W. Zhao, J. L. He, J. Li, X. C. Su, J. Ning, and K. J. Yang, “Exfoliated layers of black phosphorus as saturable absorber for ultrafast solid-state laser,” Opt. Lett. 40, 3691–3694 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. T. Zhu, W. Cai, J. F. Wei, J. Liu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Y. G. Wang, “763  fs passively mode-locked Yb:Y2SiO5 laser with a graphene oxide absorber mirror,” Opt. Laser Technol. 68, 120–123 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. G. Ge, J. Liu, S. Z. Jiang, Y. Y. Xu, and B. Y. Man, “Compact Q-switched 2  μm Tm:GdVO4 laser with MoS2 absorber,” Photon. Res. 3, 256–259 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. P. Peng, B. X. Jiang, J. T. Fan, X. Q. Yuan, and L. Zhang, “Review of in mid-infrared laser materials directly pumped by laser-diode,” Laser Optoelectron. Prog. 52, 020001 (2015).

S. B. Lu, L. L. Miao, Z. N. Guo, X. Qi, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband nonlinear optical response in multilayer black phosphorus: an emerging infrared and mid-infrared optical material,” Opt. Express 23, 11183–11194 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

L. Wang, H. T. Huang, D. Y. Shen, J. Zhang, H. Chen, Y. Wang, X. Liu, and D. Y. Tang, “Room temperature continuous-wave laser performance of LD pumped Er:Lu2O3 and Er:Y2O3 ceramic at 2.7  μm,” Opt. Express 22, 19495–19503 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, S. Q. Chen, J. Du, P. H. Tang, G. B. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Large energy, wavelength widely tunable, topological insulator Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum 20, 0900508 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

Z. Luo, Y. Huang, J. Weng, H. Cheng, Z. Lin, B. Xu, Z. Cai, and H. Xu, “1.06  μm Q-switched ytterbium-dope fiber laser using few-layer topological insulator Bi2Se3 as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 21, 29516–29522 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, C. Zhao, B. Wang, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Kumar, J. Singh, and A. C. Pandey, “Rational low temperature synthesis and structural investigations of ultrathin bismuth nanosheets,” RSC Adv. 3, 2313–2317 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

2011 (1)

2009 (2)

S. Tokita, M. Murakami, S. Shimizu, M. Hashida, and S. Sakabe, “Liquid-cooled 24  W mid-infrared Er:ZBLAN fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3062–3064 (2009).
[Crossref]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. Shen, K. Loh, and D. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

A. Godard, “Infrared (2–12  μm) solid-state laser sources: a review,” C. R. Physique 8, 1100–1128 (2007).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

K. Scholle, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Single mode Tm and Tm, Ho:LuAG lasers for LIDAR applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 285–290 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bao, Q.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. Shen, K. Loh, and D. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bao, Q. L.

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear photonics in few-layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1700229 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bian, J.

Cai, W.

H. T. Zhu, L. N. Zhao, J. Liu, S. C. Xu, W. Cai, S. Z. Jiang, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Monolayer graphene saturable absorber with sandwich structure for ultrafast solid-state laser,” Opt. Eng. 55, 081304 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. T. Zhu, W. Cai, J. F. Wei, J. Liu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Y. G. Wang, “763  fs passively mode-locked Yb:Y2SiO5 laser with a graphene oxide absorber mirror,” Opt. Laser Technol. 68, 120–123 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cai, W. W.

Cai, Z.

Cai, Z. P.

Cao, R.

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear photonics in few-layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1700229 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. Wu, Z. Li, G. Jing, B. Dong, S. Lu, Y. Li, Y. Xiang, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear optical response in few-layer antimonene and antimonene quantum dots: a promising optical Kerr media with enhanced stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700301 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, D. Q.

Chen, H.

Chen, N. K.

Chen, S.

Chen, S. Q.

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, S. Q. Chen, J. Du, P. H. Tang, G. B. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Large energy, wavelength widely tunable, topological insulator Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum 20, 0900508 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Y. Song, Z. Liang, X. Jiang, Y. Chen, Z. Li, L. Lu, Y. Ge, K. Wang, J. Zheng, S. Lu, J. Ji, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer antimonene decorated microfiber: ultra-short pulse generation and all-optical thresholding with enhanced long term stability,” 2D Mater. 4, 045010 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, S. Q. Chen, J. Du, P. H. Tang, G. B. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Large energy, wavelength widely tunable, topological insulator Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum 20, 0900508 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with topological insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20, 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y. X.

L. Lu, Z. M. Liang, L. M. Wu, Y. X. Chen, Y. F. Song, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, B. Q. Dong, Y. J. Xiang, F. Xing, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer bismuthene: sonochemical exfoliation, nonlinear optics and applications for ultrafast photonics with enhanced stability,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1700221 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cheng, H.

Chu, P. K.

Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, Z. T. Wang, S. Y. Tang, J. D. Shao, Z. B. Sun, H. H. Xie, H. Y. Wang, X. F. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of Raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dhanabalan, S. C.

L. Lu, Z. M. Liang, L. M. Wu, Y. X. Chen, Y. F. Song, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, B. Q. Dong, Y. J. Xiang, F. Xing, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer bismuthene: sonochemical exfoliation, nonlinear optics and applications for ultrafast photonics with enhanced stability,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1700221 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dong, B.

L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. Wu, Z. Li, G. Jing, B. Dong, S. Lu, Y. Li, Y. Xiang, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear optical response in few-layer antimonene and antimonene quantum dots: a promising optical Kerr media with enhanced stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700301 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dong, B. Q.

L. Lu, Z. M. Liang, L. M. Wu, Y. X. Chen, Y. F. Song, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, B. Q. Dong, Y. J. Xiang, F. Xing, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer bismuthene: sonochemical exfoliation, nonlinear optics and applications for ultrafast photonics with enhanced stability,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1700221 (2017).
[Crossref]

Du, J.

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, S. Q. Chen, J. Du, P. H. Tang, G. B. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Large energy, wavelength widely tunable, topological insulator Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum 20, 0900508 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fan, D.

L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. Wu, Z. Li, G. Jing, B. Dong, S. Lu, Y. Li, Y. Xiang, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear optical response in few-layer antimonene and antimonene quantum dots: a promising optical Kerr media with enhanced stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700301 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fan, D. Y.

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear photonics in few-layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1700229 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Lu, Z. M. Liang, L. M. Wu, Y. X. Chen, Y. F. Song, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, B. Q. Dong, Y. J. Xiang, F. Xing, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer bismuthene: sonochemical exfoliation, nonlinear optics and applications for ultrafast photonics with enhanced stability,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1700221 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. B. Lu, L. L. Miao, Z. N. Guo, X. Qi, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband nonlinear optical response in multilayer black phosphorus: an emerging infrared and mid-infrared optical material,” Opt. Express 23, 11183–11194 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fan, J. T.

Y. P. Peng, B. X. Jiang, J. T. Fan, X. Q. Yuan, and L. Zhang, “Review of in mid-infrared laser materials directly pumped by laser-diode,” Laser Optoelectron. Prog. 52, 020001 (2015).

Fan, M. Q.

Z. Y. Yan, G. Q. Li, T. Li, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, S. Y. Zhang, M. Q. Fan, L. Guo, and B. T. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched Ho, Pr:LiLuF4 laser at 2.95  µm using MoSe2,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 1506207 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Zhang, X. X. Liu, L. Guo, M. Q. Fan, F. Lou, P. Gao, G. H. Guo, J. L. Yang, J. J. Liu, T. Li, K. J. Yang, S. Z. Zhao, J. Liu, J. Q. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Passively Q-switched Ho, Pr:LLF bulk slab laser at 2.95  µm based on MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 29, 2258–2261 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Q. Fan, T. Li, G. Q. Li, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, S. Y. Zhang, B. T. Zhang, J. Q. Xu, and C. Krankel, “Passively Q-switched Ho, Pr:LiLuF4 laser with graphitic carbon nitride nanosheet film,” Opt. Express 25, 12796–12803 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fan, X. W.

C. Zhang, J. Liu, X. W. Fan, Q. Q. Peng, X. S. Guo, D. P. Jiang, X. B. Qian, and L. B. Su, “Compact passive Q-switching of a diode-pumped Tm, Y:CaF2 laser near 2  μm,” Opt. Laser Technol. 103, 89–92 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. W. Ma, L. B. Su, X. D. Xu, J. Y. Wang, D. P. Jiang, L. H. Zheng, X. W. Fan, C. Li, J. Liu, and J. Xu, “Effect of erbium concentration on spectroscopic properties and 2.79  μm laser performance of Er:CaF2 crystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 6, 409–415 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. W. Ma, X. B. Qian, J. Y. Wang, J. J. Liu, X. W. Fan, J. Liu, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Highly efficient dual-wavelength mid-infrared CW laser in diode end-pumped Er:SrF2 single crystals,” Sci. Rep. 6, 36635 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. J. Liu, X. W. Fan, J. Liu, W. W. Ma, J. Y. Wang, and L. Su, “Mid-infrared self-Q-switched Er, Pr:CaF2 diode-pumped laser,” Opt. Lett. 41, 4660–4663 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, and X. W. Fan, “2  μm passive Q-switched mode-locked Tm3+:YAP laser with single-walled carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44, 960–962 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gao, P.

S. Y. Zhang, X. X. Liu, L. Guo, M. Q. Fan, F. Lou, P. Gao, G. H. Guo, J. L. Yang, J. J. Liu, T. Li, K. J. Yang, S. Z. Zhao, J. Liu, J. Q. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Passively Q-switched Ho, Pr:LLF bulk slab laser at 2.95  µm based on MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 29, 2258–2261 (2017).
[Crossref]

Gao, W. L.

Ge, P. G.

Ge, Y.

Y. Song, Z. Liang, X. Jiang, Y. Chen, Z. Li, L. Lu, Y. Ge, K. Wang, J. Zheng, S. Lu, J. Ji, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer antimonene decorated microfiber: ultra-short pulse generation and all-optical thresholding with enhanced long term stability,” 2D Mater. 4, 045010 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ge, Y. Q.

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear photonics in few-layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1700229 (2018).
[Crossref]

Godard, A.

A. Godard, “Infrared (2–12  μm) solid-state laser sources: a review,” C. R. Physique 8, 1100–1128 (2007).
[Crossref]

Guan, X. F.

Guo, G. H.

S. Y. Zhang, X. X. Liu, L. Guo, M. Q. Fan, F. Lou, P. Gao, G. H. Guo, J. L. Yang, J. J. Liu, T. Li, K. J. Yang, S. Z. Zhao, J. Liu, J. Q. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Passively Q-switched Ho, Pr:LLF bulk slab laser at 2.95  µm based on MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 29, 2258–2261 (2017).
[Crossref]

Guo, L.

S. Y. Zhang, X. X. Liu, L. Guo, M. Q. Fan, F. Lou, P. Gao, G. H. Guo, J. L. Yang, J. J. Liu, T. Li, K. J. Yang, S. Z. Zhao, J. Liu, J. Q. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Passively Q-switched Ho, Pr:LLF bulk slab laser at 2.95  µm based on MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 29, 2258–2261 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Guo, T. Li, S. Y. Zhang, M. J. Wang, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, D. C. Li, and Z. Y. Yan, “Passively Q-switched Ho, Pr:LiLuF4 bulk laser at 2.95  μm using WS2 saturable absorbers,” Opt. Mater. Express 7, 2090–2095 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Y. Yan, G. Q. Li, T. Li, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, S. Y. Zhang, M. Q. Fan, L. Guo, and B. T. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched Ho, Pr:LiLuF4 laser at 2.95  µm using MoSe2,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 1506207 (2017).
[Crossref]

Guo, X. S.

C. Zhang, J. Liu, X. W. Fan, Q. Q. Peng, X. S. Guo, D. P. Jiang, X. B. Qian, and L. B. Su, “Compact passive Q-switching of a diode-pumped Tm, Y:CaF2 laser near 2  μm,” Opt. Laser Technol. 103, 89–92 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. B. Su, X. S. Guo, D. P. Jiang, Q. H. Wu, Z. P. Qin, and G. Q. Xie, “Highly-efficient mid-infrared CW laser operation in a lightly-doped 3  at.% Er:SrF2 single crystal,” Opt. Express 26, 5558–5563 (2018).
[Crossref]

Guo, Y.

Y. Guo, F. Pan, M. Ye, X. T. Sun, Y. Y. Wang, J. Z. Li, X. Y. Zhang, H. Zhang, Y. Y. Pan, Z. G. Song, J. B. Yang, and J. Lu, “Monolayer bismuthene-metal contacts: a theoretical study,” ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 9, 23128–23140 (2017).
[Crossref]

Guo, Y. Y.

Guo, Z.

Y. Xu, Z. Wang, Z. Guo, H. Huang, Q. Xiao, H. Zhang, and X. F. Yu, “Solvothermal synthesis and ultrafast photonics of black phosphorus quantum dots,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4, 1223–1229 (2016).
[Crossref]

Guo, Z. N.

Hang, Y.

S. Y. Zhang, X. X. Liu, L. Guo, M. Q. Fan, F. Lou, P. Gao, G. H. Guo, J. L. Yang, J. J. Liu, T. Li, K. J. Yang, S. Z. Zhao, J. Liu, J. Q. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Passively Q-switched Ho, Pr:LLF bulk slab laser at 2.95  µm based on MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 29, 2258–2261 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. K. Nie, P. X. Zhang, B. T. Zhang, K. J. Yang, L. H. Zhang, T. Li, S. Y. Zhang, J. Q. Xu, Y. Hang, and J. L. He, “Diode-end-pumped Ho, Pr:LiLuF4 bulk laser at 2.95  μm,” Opt. Lett. 42, 699–702 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hashida, M.

He, G. B.

He, J.

He, J. L.

He, Z. L.

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear photonics in few-layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1700229 (2018).
[Crossref]

Heumann, E.

K. Scholle, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Single mode Tm and Tm, Ho:LuAG lasers for LIDAR applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 285–290 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hu, L. L.

Hu, Q.

Huang, H.

Y. Xu, Z. Wang, Z. Guo, H. Huang, Q. Xiao, H. Zhang, and X. F. Yu, “Solvothermal synthesis and ultrafast photonics of black phosphorus quantum dots,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4, 1223–1229 (2016).
[Crossref]

Huang, H. T.

Huang, Y.

Huber, G.

K. Scholle, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Single mode Tm and Tm, Ho:LuAG lasers for LIDAR applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 285–290 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ji, J.

Y. Song, Z. Liang, X. Jiang, Y. Chen, Z. Li, L. Lu, Y. Ge, K. Wang, J. Zheng, S. Lu, J. Ji, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer antimonene decorated microfiber: ultra-short pulse generation and all-optical thresholding with enhanced long term stability,” 2D Mater. 4, 045010 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jia, Z.

Jiang, B. X.

Y. P. Peng, B. X. Jiang, J. T. Fan, X. Q. Yuan, and L. Zhang, “Review of in mid-infrared laser materials directly pumped by laser-diode,” Laser Optoelectron. Prog. 52, 020001 (2015).

Jiang, D. P.

Jiang, G. B.

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, S. Q. Chen, J. Du, P. H. Tang, G. B. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Large energy, wavelength widely tunable, topological insulator Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum 20, 0900508 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jiang, S. Z.

H. T. Zhu, L. N. Zhao, J. Liu, S. C. Xu, W. Cai, S. Z. Jiang, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Monolayer graphene saturable absorber with sandwich structure for ultrafast solid-state laser,” Opt. Eng. 55, 081304 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. G. Ge, J. Liu, S. Z. Jiang, Y. Y. Xu, and B. Y. Man, “Compact Q-switched 2  μm Tm:GdVO4 laser with MoS2 absorber,” Photon. Res. 3, 256–259 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jiang, X.

Y. Song, Z. Liang, X. Jiang, Y. Chen, Z. Li, L. Lu, Y. Ge, K. Wang, J. Zheng, S. Lu, J. Ji, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer antimonene decorated microfiber: ultra-short pulse generation and all-optical thresholding with enhanced long term stability,” 2D Mater. 4, 045010 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jiang, X. T.

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear photonics in few-layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1700229 (2018).
[Crossref]

Jing, G.

L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. Wu, Z. Li, G. Jing, B. Dong, S. Lu, Y. Li, Y. Xiang, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear optical response in few-layer antimonene and antimonene quantum dots: a promising optical Kerr media with enhanced stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700301 (2017).
[Crossref]

Krankel, C.

Kumar, P.

P. Kumar, J. Singh, and A. C. Pandey, “Rational low temperature synthesis and structural investigations of ultrathin bismuth nanosheets,” RSC Adv. 3, 2313–2317 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lee, C. K.

Li, C.

Li, D. C.

Li, G. Q.

Li, G. R.

Li, J.

L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. Wu, Z. Li, G. Jing, B. Dong, S. Lu, Y. Li, Y. Xiang, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear optical response in few-layer antimonene and antimonene quantum dots: a promising optical Kerr media with enhanced stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700301 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. T. Zhang, F. Lou, R. W. Zhao, J. L. He, J. Li, X. C. Su, J. Ning, and K. J. Yang, “Exfoliated layers of black phosphorus as saturable absorber for ultrafast solid-state laser,” Opt. Lett. 40, 3691–3694 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, J. Q.

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear photonics in few-layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1700229 (2018).
[Crossref]

Li, J. Z.

Y. Guo, F. Pan, M. Ye, X. T. Sun, Y. Y. Wang, J. Z. Li, X. Y. Zhang, H. Zhang, Y. Y. Pan, Z. G. Song, J. B. Yang, and J. Lu, “Monolayer bismuthene-metal contacts: a theoretical study,” ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 9, 23128–23140 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, L.

Li, T.

J. P. Qiao, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, W. H. Song, W. C. Qiao, C. L. Wu, J. Zhao, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, T. Li, H. Liu, and C. K. Lee, “High-quality 2-μm Q-switched pulsed solid-state lasers using spin-coating-coreduction approach synthesized Bi2Te3 topological insulators,” Photon. Res. 6, 314–320 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, K. Yang, S. Zhao, T. Li, W. Qiao, H. Zhang, B. Zhang, J. He, J. Bian, L. Zheng, L. Su, and J. Xu, “High-power passively Q-switched 2  μm all-solid-state laser based on a Bi2Te3 saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 5, 461–466 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Zhang, X. X. Liu, L. Guo, M. Q. Fan, F. Lou, P. Gao, G. H. Guo, J. L. Yang, J. J. Liu, T. Li, K. J. Yang, S. Z. Zhao, J. Liu, J. Q. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Passively Q-switched Ho, Pr:LLF bulk slab laser at 2.95  µm based on MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 29, 2258–2261 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Y. Yan, G. Q. Li, T. Li, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, S. Y. Zhang, M. Q. Fan, L. Guo, and B. T. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched Ho, Pr:LiLuF4 laser at 2.95  µm using MoSe2,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 1506207 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. K. Nie, P. X. Zhang, B. T. Zhang, K. J. Yang, L. H. Zhang, T. Li, S. Y. Zhang, J. Q. Xu, Y. Hang, and J. L. He, “Diode-end-pumped Ho, Pr:LiLuF4 bulk laser at 2.95  μm,” Opt. Lett. 42, 699–702 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Q. Fan, T. Li, G. Q. Li, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, S. Y. Zhang, B. T. Zhang, J. Q. Xu, and C. Krankel, “Passively Q-switched Ho, Pr:LiLuF4 laser with graphitic carbon nitride nanosheet film,” Opt. Express 25, 12796–12803 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Guo, T. Li, S. Y. Zhang, M. J. Wang, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, D. C. Li, and Z. Y. Yan, “Passively Q-switched Ho, Pr:LiLuF4 bulk laser at 2.95  μm using WS2 saturable absorbers,” Opt. Mater. Express 7, 2090–2095 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. Wu, Z. Li, G. Jing, B. Dong, S. Lu, Y. Li, Y. Xiang, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear optical response in few-layer antimonene and antimonene quantum dots: a promising optical Kerr media with enhanced stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700301 (2017).
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Li, Z.

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Wang, Y. S.

Wang, Y. Y.

Y. Guo, F. Pan, M. Ye, X. T. Sun, Y. Y. Wang, J. Z. Li, X. Y. Zhang, H. Zhang, Y. Y. Pan, Z. G. Song, J. B. Yang, and J. Lu, “Monolayer bismuthene-metal contacts: a theoretical study,” ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 9, 23128–23140 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

Y. Xu, Z. Wang, Z. Guo, H. Huang, Q. Xiao, H. Zhang, and X. F. Yu, “Solvothermal synthesis and ultrafast photonics of black phosphorus quantum dots,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4, 1223–1229 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z. T.

Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, Z. T. Wang, S. Y. Tang, J. D. Shao, Z. B. Sun, H. H. Xie, H. Y. Wang, X. F. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of Raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with topological insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20, 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wei, J. F.

H. T. Zhu, W. Cai, J. F. Wei, J. Liu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Y. G. Wang, “763  fs passively mode-locked Yb:Y2SiO5 laser with a graphene oxide absorber mirror,” Opt. Laser Technol. 68, 120–123 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wen, Q.

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear photonics in few-layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1700229 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wen, S.

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, C. Zhao, B. Wang, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wen, S. C.

Weng, J.

Wu, C. L.

Wu, L.

L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. Wu, Z. Li, G. Jing, B. Dong, S. Lu, Y. Li, Y. Xiang, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear optical response in few-layer antimonene and antimonene quantum dots: a promising optical Kerr media with enhanced stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700301 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wu, L. M.

L. Lu, Z. M. Liang, L. M. Wu, Y. X. Chen, Y. F. Song, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, B. Q. Dong, Y. J. Xiang, F. Xing, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer bismuthene: sonochemical exfoliation, nonlinear optics and applications for ultrafast photonics with enhanced stability,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1700221 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wu, Q. H.

Xiang, Y.

L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. Wu, Z. Li, G. Jing, B. Dong, S. Lu, Y. Li, Y. Xiang, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear optical response in few-layer antimonene and antimonene quantum dots: a promising optical Kerr media with enhanced stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700301 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xiang, Y. J.

L. Lu, Z. M. Liang, L. M. Wu, Y. X. Chen, Y. F. Song, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, B. Q. Dong, Y. J. Xiang, F. Xing, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer bismuthene: sonochemical exfoliation, nonlinear optics and applications for ultrafast photonics with enhanced stability,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1700221 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xiao, Q.

Y. Xu, Z. Wang, Z. Guo, H. Huang, Q. Xiao, H. Zhang, and X. F. Yu, “Solvothermal synthesis and ultrafast photonics of black phosphorus quantum dots,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4, 1223–1229 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xie, G. Q.

Xie, H. H.

Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, Z. T. Wang, S. Y. Tang, J. D. Shao, Z. B. Sun, H. H. Xie, H. Y. Wang, X. F. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of Raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xing, F.

L. Lu, Z. M. Liang, L. M. Wu, Y. X. Chen, Y. F. Song, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, B. Q. Dong, Y. J. Xiang, F. Xing, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer bismuthene: sonochemical exfoliation, nonlinear optics and applications for ultrafast photonics with enhanced stability,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1700221 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xu, B.

Xu, H.

Xu, H. Y.

Xu, J.

X. F. Guan, L. J. Zhan, Z. W. Zhu, B. Xu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, W. W. Cai, X. D. Xu, J. Zhang, and J. Xu, “Continuous-wave and CVD-graphene-based passively Q-switched Er:Y2O3 ceramic lasers at 2.7  μm,” Appl. Opt. 57, 371–376 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, K. Yang, S. Zhao, T. Li, W. Qiao, H. Zhang, B. Zhang, J. He, J. Bian, L. Zheng, L. Su, and J. Xu, “High-power passively Q-switched 2  μm all-solid-state laser based on a Bi2Te3 saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 5, 461–466 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. T. Zhu, L. N. Zhao, J. Liu, S. C. Xu, W. Cai, S. Z. Jiang, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Monolayer graphene saturable absorber with sandwich structure for ultrafast solid-state laser,” Opt. Eng. 55, 081304 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. W. Ma, X. B. Qian, J. Y. Wang, J. J. Liu, X. W. Fan, J. Liu, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Highly efficient dual-wavelength mid-infrared CW laser in diode end-pumped Er:SrF2 single crystals,” Sci. Rep. 6, 36635 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. W. Ma, L. B. Su, X. D. Xu, J. Y. Wang, D. P. Jiang, L. H. Zheng, X. W. Fan, C. Li, J. Liu, and J. Xu, “Effect of erbium concentration on spectroscopic properties and 2.79  μm laser performance of Er:CaF2 crystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 6, 409–415 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. T. Zhu, W. Cai, J. F. Wei, J. Liu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Y. G. Wang, “763  fs passively mode-locked Yb:Y2SiO5 laser with a graphene oxide absorber mirror,” Opt. Laser Technol. 68, 120–123 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, J. Q.

Xu, S. C.

H. T. Zhu, L. N. Zhao, J. Liu, S. C. Xu, W. Cai, S. Z. Jiang, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Monolayer graphene saturable absorber with sandwich structure for ultrafast solid-state laser,” Opt. Eng. 55, 081304 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, X. D.

Xu, Y.

Y. Xu, Z. Wang, Z. Guo, H. Huang, Q. Xiao, H. Zhang, and X. F. Yu, “Solvothermal synthesis and ultrafast photonics of black phosphorus quantum dots,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4, 1223–1229 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, Y. Y.

Yan, Y.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. Shen, K. Loh, and D. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yan, Z. Y.

L. Guo, T. Li, S. Y. Zhang, M. J. Wang, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, D. C. Li, and Z. Y. Yan, “Passively Q-switched Ho, Pr:LiLuF4 bulk laser at 2.95  μm using WS2 saturable absorbers,” Opt. Mater. Express 7, 2090–2095 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Y. Yan, G. Q. Li, T. Li, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, S. Y. Zhang, M. Q. Fan, L. Guo, and B. T. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched Ho, Pr:LiLuF4 laser at 2.95  µm using MoSe2,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 1506207 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, A. P.

Yang, H.

Yang, J. B.

Y. Guo, F. Pan, M. Ye, X. T. Sun, Y. Y. Wang, J. Z. Li, X. Y. Zhang, H. Zhang, Y. Y. Pan, Z. G. Song, J. B. Yang, and J. Lu, “Monolayer bismuthene-metal contacts: a theoretical study,” ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 9, 23128–23140 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, J. L.

S. Y. Zhang, X. X. Liu, L. Guo, M. Q. Fan, F. Lou, P. Gao, G. H. Guo, J. L. Yang, J. J. Liu, T. Li, K. J. Yang, S. Z. Zhao, J. Liu, J. Q. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Passively Q-switched Ho, Pr:LLF bulk slab laser at 2.95  µm based on MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 29, 2258–2261 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, J. M.

Yang, K.

Yang, K. J.

J. P. Qiao, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, W. H. Song, W. C. Qiao, C. L. Wu, J. Zhao, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, T. Li, H. Liu, and C. K. Lee, “High-quality 2-μm Q-switched pulsed solid-state lasers using spin-coating-coreduction approach synthesized Bi2Te3 topological insulators,” Photon. Res. 6, 314–320 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. C. Su, B. T. Zhang, Y. R. Wang, G. B. He, G. R. Li, N. Lin, K. J. Yang, J. L. He, and S. D. Liu, “Broadband rhenium disulfide optical modulator for solid-state lasers,” Photon. Res. 6, 498–505 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Zhang, X. X. Liu, L. Guo, M. Q. Fan, F. Lou, P. Gao, G. H. Guo, J. L. Yang, J. J. Liu, T. Li, K. J. Yang, S. Z. Zhao, J. Liu, J. Q. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Passively Q-switched Ho, Pr:LLF bulk slab laser at 2.95  µm based on MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 29, 2258–2261 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Q. Fan, T. Li, G. Q. Li, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, S. Y. Zhang, B. T. Zhang, J. Q. Xu, and C. Krankel, “Passively Q-switched Ho, Pr:LiLuF4 laser with graphitic carbon nitride nanosheet film,” Opt. Express 25, 12796–12803 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Guo, T. Li, S. Y. Zhang, M. J. Wang, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, D. C. Li, and Z. Y. Yan, “Passively Q-switched Ho, Pr:LiLuF4 bulk laser at 2.95  μm using WS2 saturable absorbers,” Opt. Mater. Express 7, 2090–2095 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Y. Yan, G. Q. Li, T. Li, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, S. Y. Zhang, M. Q. Fan, L. Guo, and B. T. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched Ho, Pr:LiLuF4 laser at 2.95  µm using MoSe2,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 1506207 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. K. Nie, P. X. Zhang, B. T. Zhang, K. J. Yang, L. H. Zhang, T. Li, S. Y. Zhang, J. Q. Xu, Y. Hang, and J. L. He, “Diode-end-pumped Ho, Pr:LiLuF4 bulk laser at 2.95  μm,” Opt. Lett. 42, 699–702 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. T. Zhang, F. Lou, R. W. Zhao, J. L. He, J. Li, X. C. Su, J. Ning, and K. J. Yang, “Exfoliated layers of black phosphorus as saturable absorber for ultrafast solid-state laser,” Opt. Lett. 40, 3691–3694 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ye, M.

Y. Guo, F. Pan, M. Ye, X. T. Sun, Y. Y. Wang, J. Z. Li, X. Y. Zhang, H. Zhang, Y. Y. Pan, Z. G. Song, J. B. Yang, and J. Lu, “Monolayer bismuthene-metal contacts: a theoretical study,” ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 9, 23128–23140 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yu, H.

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, C. Zhao, B. Wang, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yu, X. F.

Y. Xu, Z. Wang, Z. Guo, H. Huang, Q. Xiao, H. Zhang, and X. F. Yu, “Solvothermal synthesis and ultrafast photonics of black phosphorus quantum dots,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4, 1223–1229 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, Z. T. Wang, S. Y. Tang, J. D. Shao, Z. B. Sun, H. H. Xie, H. Y. Wang, X. F. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of Raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yu, Y. L.

Yuan, P.

Yuan, X. Q.

Y. P. Peng, B. X. Jiang, J. T. Fan, X. Q. Yuan, and L. Zhang, “Review of in mid-infrared laser materials directly pumped by laser-diode,” Laser Optoelectron. Prog. 52, 020001 (2015).

Zhan, L. J.

Zhang, B.

Zhang, B. T.

Zhang, C.

C. Zhang, J. Liu, X. W. Fan, Q. Q. Peng, X. S. Guo, D. P. Jiang, X. B. Qian, and L. B. Su, “Compact passive Q-switching of a diode-pumped Tm, Y:CaF2 laser near 2  μm,” Opt. Laser Technol. 103, 89–92 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, F.

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear photonics in few-layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1700229 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear photonics in few-layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1700229 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, K. Yang, S. Zhao, T. Li, W. Qiao, H. Zhang, B. Zhang, J. He, J. Bian, L. Zheng, L. Su, and J. Xu, “High-power passively Q-switched 2  μm all-solid-state laser based on a Bi2Te3 saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 5, 461–466 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Lu, Z. M. Liang, L. M. Wu, Y. X. Chen, Y. F. Song, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, B. Q. Dong, Y. J. Xiang, F. Xing, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer bismuthene: sonochemical exfoliation, nonlinear optics and applications for ultrafast photonics with enhanced stability,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1700221 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Guo, F. Pan, M. Ye, X. T. Sun, Y. Y. Wang, J. Z. Li, X. Y. Zhang, H. Zhang, Y. Y. Pan, Z. G. Song, J. B. Yang, and J. Lu, “Monolayer bismuthene-metal contacts: a theoretical study,” ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 9, 23128–23140 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. Wu, Z. Li, G. Jing, B. Dong, S. Lu, Y. Li, Y. Xiang, J. Li, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear optical response in few-layer antimonene and antimonene quantum dots: a promising optical Kerr media with enhanced stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700301 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Song, Z. Liang, X. Jiang, Y. Chen, Z. Li, L. Lu, Y. Ge, K. Wang, J. Zheng, S. Lu, J. Ji, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer antimonene decorated microfiber: ultra-short pulse generation and all-optical thresholding with enhanced long term stability,” 2D Mater. 4, 045010 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Xu, Z. Wang, Z. Guo, H. Huang, Q. Xiao, H. Zhang, and X. F. Yu, “Solvothermal synthesis and ultrafast photonics of black phosphorus quantum dots,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4, 1223–1229 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Song, S. Chen, Q. Zhang, L. Li, L. Zhao, H. Zhang, and D. Tang, “Vector soliton fiber laser passively mode locked by few layer black phosphorus-based optical saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 24, 25933–25942 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. J. Liu, J. Liu, Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, W. W. Ma, J. Y. Wang, and L. B. Su, “Dual-wavelength Q-switched Er:SrF2 laser with a black phosphorus absorber in the mid-infrared region,” Opt. Express 24, 30289–30295 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, Z. T. Wang, S. Y. Tang, J. D. Shao, Z. B. Sun, H. H. Xie, H. Y. Wang, X. F. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of Raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. B. Lu, L. L. Miao, Z. N. Guo, X. Qi, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband nonlinear optical response in multilayer black phosphorus: an emerging infrared and mid-infrared optical material,” Opt. Express 23, 11183–11194 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, S. Q. Chen, J. Du, P. H. Tang, G. B. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Large energy, wavelength widely tunable, topological insulator Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum 20, 0900508 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, C. Zhao, B. Wang, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, C. Zhao, B. Wang, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with topological insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20, 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. Shen, K. Loh, and D. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

Zhang, J. J.

Zhang, L.

Y. P. Peng, B. X. Jiang, J. T. Fan, X. Q. Yuan, and L. Zhang, “Review of in mid-infrared laser materials directly pumped by laser-diode,” Laser Optoelectron. Prog. 52, 020001 (2015).

Zhang, L. H.

Zhang, L. Y.

Zhang, P. X.

Zhang, Q.

Zhang, S. Y.

H. K. Nie, P. X. Zhang, B. T. Zhang, K. J. Yang, L. H. Zhang, T. Li, S. Y. Zhang, J. Q. Xu, Y. Hang, and J. L. He, “Diode-end-pumped Ho, Pr:LiLuF4 bulk laser at 2.95  μm,” Opt. Lett. 42, 699–702 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Y. Yan, G. Q. Li, T. Li, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, S. Y. Zhang, M. Q. Fan, L. Guo, and B. T. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched Ho, Pr:LiLuF4 laser at 2.95  µm using MoSe2,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 1506207 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Zhang, X. X. Liu, L. Guo, M. Q. Fan, F. Lou, P. Gao, G. H. Guo, J. L. Yang, J. J. Liu, T. Li, K. J. Yang, S. Z. Zhao, J. Liu, J. Q. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Passively Q-switched Ho, Pr:LLF bulk slab laser at 2.95  µm based on MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 29, 2258–2261 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Guo, T. Li, S. Y. Zhang, M. J. Wang, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, D. C. Li, and Z. Y. Yan, “Passively Q-switched Ho, Pr:LiLuF4 bulk laser at 2.95  μm using WS2 saturable absorbers,” Opt. Mater. Express 7, 2090–2095 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Q. Fan, T. Li, G. Q. Li, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, S. Y. Zhang, B. T. Zhang, J. Q. Xu, and C. Krankel, “Passively Q-switched Ho, Pr:LiLuF4 laser with graphitic carbon nitride nanosheet film,” Opt. Express 25, 12796–12803 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X. Y.

Y. Guo, F. Pan, M. Ye, X. T. Sun, Y. Y. Wang, J. Z. Li, X. Y. Zhang, H. Zhang, Y. Y. Pan, Z. G. Song, J. B. Yang, and J. Lu, “Monolayer bismuthene-metal contacts: a theoretical study,” ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 9, 23128–23140 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C.

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, C. Zhao, B. Wang, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C. J.

Zhao, J.

Zhao, L.

Zhao, L. N.

H. T. Zhu, L. N. Zhao, J. Liu, S. C. Xu, W. Cai, S. Z. Jiang, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Monolayer graphene saturable absorber with sandwich structure for ultrafast solid-state laser,” Opt. Eng. 55, 081304 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhao, R.

Zhao, R. W.

Zhao, S.

Zhao, S. Z.

Zheng, J.

Y. Song, Z. Liang, X. Jiang, Y. Chen, Z. Li, L. Lu, Y. Ge, K. Wang, J. Zheng, S. Lu, J. Ji, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer antimonene decorated microfiber: ultra-short pulse generation and all-optical thresholding with enhanced long term stability,” 2D Mater. 4, 045010 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zheng, L.

Zheng, L. H.

W. W. Ma, L. B. Su, X. D. Xu, J. Y. Wang, D. P. Jiang, L. H. Zheng, X. W. Fan, C. Li, J. Liu, and J. Xu, “Effect of erbium concentration on spectroscopic properties and 2.79  μm laser performance of Er:CaF2 crystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 6, 409–415 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. T. Zhu, L. N. Zhao, J. Liu, S. C. Xu, W. Cai, S. Z. Jiang, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Monolayer graphene saturable absorber with sandwich structure for ultrafast solid-state laser,” Opt. Eng. 55, 081304 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. T. Zhu, W. Cai, J. F. Wei, J. Liu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Y. G. Wang, “763  fs passively mode-locked Yb:Y2SiO5 laser with a graphene oxide absorber mirror,” Opt. Laser Technol. 68, 120–123 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhu, H. T.

H. T. Zhu, L. N. Zhao, J. Liu, S. C. Xu, W. Cai, S. Z. Jiang, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Monolayer graphene saturable absorber with sandwich structure for ultrafast solid-state laser,” Opt. Eng. 55, 081304 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. T. Zhu, W. Cai, J. F. Wei, J. Liu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Y. G. Wang, “763  fs passively mode-locked Yb:Y2SiO5 laser with a graphene oxide absorber mirror,” Opt. Laser Technol. 68, 120–123 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Z. W.

Zou, Y. H.

2D Mater. (1)

Y. Song, Z. Liang, X. Jiang, Y. Chen, Z. Li, L. Lu, Y. Ge, K. Wang, J. Zheng, S. Lu, J. Ji, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer antimonene decorated microfiber: ultra-short pulse generation and all-optical thresholding with enhanced long term stability,” 2D Mater. 4, 045010 (2017).
[Crossref]

ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. (1)

Y. Guo, F. Pan, M. Ye, X. T. Sun, Y. Y. Wang, J. Z. Li, X. Y. Zhang, H. Zhang, Y. Y. Pan, Z. G. Song, J. B. Yang, and J. Lu, “Monolayer bismuthene-metal contacts: a theoretical study,” ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 9, 23128–23140 (2017).
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Adv. Funct. Mater. (2)

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) HRTEM image, (b) Raman spectrum, (c) AFM image of the bismuth nanosheets, and (d) typical height profiles.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Nonlinear transmission of Bi-NSs SA.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Schematic of the passively Q-switched Er3+:SrF2 laser with a Bi-NSs SA.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. CW output power versus the absorbed pump power for different OC transmissions.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Q-switched output power versus the absorbed pump power for different OC transmissions. Inset (a) shows the maximum output power versus time.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. (a) Laser beam profile and (b) 3D light intensity distribution recorded at the maximum output power for the Q-switched laser.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. (a) Pulse repetition rate, (b) pulse duration, (c) single-pulse energy, and (d) peak power versus the absorbed pump power for different OC transmissions.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Q-switched pulse trains recorded at 2 and 400 μs/div, under an absorbed pump power of 1.97 W for the OC transmission of 3%.
Fig. 9.
Fig. 9. Optical spectra recorded in the CW regime and Q-switched regime for OC transmission of 3%.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Experimental Results Achieved under Different OC Mirrors

Equations (1)

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T=1αs1+I/Isαns,

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