Abstract

The pulse energy in the ultrafast soliton fiber laser oscillators is usually limited by the well-known wave-breaking phenomenon owing to the absence of a desirable real saturable absorber (SA) with high power tolerance and large modulation depth. Here, we report a type of microfiber-based MoTe2 SA fabricated by the magnetron-sputtering deposition (MSD) method. High-energy wave-breaking free soliton pulses were generated with pulse duration/pulse energy/average output power of 229 fs/2.14 nJ/57 mW in the 1.5 μm regime and 1.3 ps/13.8 nJ/212 mW in the 2 μm regime, respectively. To our knowledge, the generated soliton pulses at 1.5 μm had the shortest pulse duration and the highest output power among the reported erbium-doped fiber lasers mode locked by transition metal dichalcogenides. Moreover, this was the first demonstration of a MoTe2-based SA in fiber lasers in the 2 μm regime, and the pulse energy/output power are the highest in the reported thulium-doped fiber lasers mode locked by two-dimensional materials. Our results suggest that a microfiber-based MoTe2 SA could be used as an excellent photonic device for ultrafast pulse generation, and the MSD technique opens a promising route to produce a high-performance SA with high power tolerance and large modulation depth, which are beneficial for high-energy wave-breaking free pulse generation.

© 2018 Chinese Laser Press

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References

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2017 (6)

G. H. Hu, T. Albrow-Owen, X. X. Jin, A. Ali, Y. W. Hu, R. C. T. Howe, K. Shehzad, Z. Y. Yang, X. K. Zhu, R. I. Woodward, T. C. Wu, H. Jussila, J. B. Wu, P. Peng, P. H. Tan, Z. P. Sun, E. J. R. Kelleher, M. Zhang, Y. Xu, and T. Hasan, “Black phosphorus ink formulation for inkjet printing of optoelectronics and photonics,” Nat. Commun. 8, 278 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Yan, H. Chen, J. Yin, Z. Xu, J. Li, Z. Jiang, W. Zhang, J. Wang, I. L. Li, and Z. Sun, “Large-area tungsten disulfide for ultrafast photonics,” Nanoscale 9, 1871–1877 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, S. Lin, X. Liang, M. Wang, P. Yan, G. Hu, T. Albrow-Owen, S. Ruan, Z. Sun, and T. Hasan, “High-energy and efficient Raman soliton generation tunable from 1.98 to 2.29 μm in an all-silica-fiber thulium laser system,” Opt. Lett. 42, 3518–3521 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Zhou, K. Xu, A. Zubair, X. Zhang, F. P. Ouyang, T. Palacios, M. S. Dresselhaus, Y. F. Li, and J. Kong, “Role of molecular sieves in the CVD synthesis of large-area 2D MoTe2,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27, 1603491 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. H. Huang, K. Y. Deng, P. S. Liu, C. T. Wu, C. T. Chou, W. H. Chang, Y. J. Lee, and T. H. Hou, “Large-area 2D layered MoTe2 by physical vapor deposition and solid-phase crystallization in a tellurium-free atmosphere,” Adv. Mater. Interfaces 4, 1700157 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Yin, J. Li, H. Chen, J. Wang, P. Yan, M. Liu, W. Liu, W. Lu, Z. Xu, W. Zhang, J. Wang, Z. Sun, and S. Ruan, “Large-area highly crystalline WSe2 atomic layers for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Opt. Express 25, 30020–30031 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (7)

M. Trushin, E. J. R. Kelleher, and T. Hasan, “Theory of edge-state optical absorption in two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenide flakes,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 155301 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Roy, H. C. P. Movva, B. Satpati, K. Kim, R. Dey, A. Rai, T. Pramanik, S. Guchhait, E. Tutuc, and S. K. Banerjee, “Structural and electrical properties of MoTe2 and MoSe2 grown by molecular beam epitaxy,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8, 7396–7402 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, B. Du, D. Yang, S. Zhang, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, X. She, H. Cheng, H. Zeng, and J. Zhao, “Nonlinear saturable absorption of liquid-exfoliated molybdenum/tungsten ditelluride nanosheets,” Small 12, 1489–1497 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Jeong, S. Y. Choi, M. H. Kim, F. Rotermund, Y. H. Cha, D. Y. Jeong, S. B. Lee, K. Lee, and D. I. Yeom, “All-fiber Tm-doped soliton laser oscillator with 6  nJ pulse energy based on evanescent field interaction with monoloayer graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 24, 14152–14158 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Yin, X. Zhang, T. Guo, and P. Yan, “High-damage-resistant tungsten disulfide saturable absorber mirror for passively Q-switched fiber laser,” Opt. Express 24, 16287–16296 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Koo, Y. I. Jhon, J. Park, J. Lee, Y. M. Jhon, and J. H. Lee, “Near-infrared saturable absorption of defective bulk-structured WTe2 for femtosecond laser mode-locking,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26, 7454–7461 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, X. Liang, G. Hu, Z. Zheng, S. Lin, D. Ouyang, X. Wu, P. Yan, S. Ruan, and Z. Sun, “152 fs nanotube-mode-locked thulium-doped all-fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28885 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (6)

R. I. Woodward and E. J. Kelleher, “2D saturable absorbers for fibre lasers,” Appl. Sci. 5, 1440–1456 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Li, H. Xia, C. Lan, C. Li, X. Zhang, J. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 27, 69–72 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, M. Kowalczyk, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, and K. M. Abramski, “Ultrafast thulium-doped fiber laser mode locked with black phosphorus,” Opt. Lett. 40, 3885–3888 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y.-H. Lin, S.-F. Lin, Y.-C. Chi, C.-L. Wu, C.-H. Cheng, W.-H. Tseng, J.-H. He, C.-I. Wu, C.-K. Lee, and G.-R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photon. 2, 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Wu, X. Zhang, J. Wang, and J. Chen, “463-MHz fundamental mode-locked fiber laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 40, 1374–1377 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Boguslawski, G. Sobon, R. Zybala, and J. Sotor, “Dissipative soliton generation in Er-doped fiber laser mode-locked by Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Lett. 40, 2786–2789 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

C. Ruppert, O. B. Aslan, and T. F. Heinz, “Optical properties and band gap of single- and few-layer MoTe2 crystals,” Nano Lett. 14, 6231–6236 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, S. Lu, J. Zheng, J. Du, S. Wen, D. Tang, and K. Loh, “Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) as a broadband saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Express 22, 7249–7260 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

2012 (2)

2011 (2)

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q.-H. Xu, D. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as a saturable absorber in a mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4, 297–307 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Zhang, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. S. Pozharov, E. D. Obraztsova, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Passive synchronization of all-fiber lasers through a common saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 36, 3984–3986 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

F. Ilday, J. Buckley, W. Clark, and F. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[Crossref]

L. H. Qiu, Y. Wei, V. G. Pol, and A. Gedanken, “Synthesis of alpha-MoTe2 nanorods via annealing Te-seeded amorphous MoTe2 particles,” Inorg. Chem. 43, 6061–6066 (2004).
[Crossref]

1961 (1)

O. Knop and R. D. MacDonald, “Chalkogenides of the transition elements: III. Molybdenum ditelluride,” Can. J. Chem. 39, 897–904 (1961).
[Crossref]

Abramski, K. M.

Albrecht, M.

Albrow-Owen, T.

J. Wang, S. Lin, X. Liang, M. Wang, P. Yan, G. Hu, T. Albrow-Owen, S. Ruan, Z. Sun, and T. Hasan, “High-energy and efficient Raman soliton generation tunable from 1.98 to 2.29 μm in an all-silica-fiber thulium laser system,” Opt. Lett. 42, 3518–3521 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. H. Hu, T. Albrow-Owen, X. X. Jin, A. Ali, Y. W. Hu, R. C. T. Howe, K. Shehzad, Z. Y. Yang, X. K. Zhu, R. I. Woodward, T. C. Wu, H. Jussila, J. B. Wu, P. Peng, P. H. Tan, Z. P. Sun, E. J. R. Kelleher, M. Zhang, Y. Xu, and T. Hasan, “Black phosphorus ink formulation for inkjet printing of optoelectronics and photonics,” Nat. Commun. 8, 278 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ali, A.

G. H. Hu, T. Albrow-Owen, X. X. Jin, A. Ali, Y. W. Hu, R. C. T. Howe, K. Shehzad, Z. Y. Yang, X. K. Zhu, R. I. Woodward, T. C. Wu, H. Jussila, J. B. Wu, P. Peng, P. H. Tan, Z. P. Sun, E. J. R. Kelleher, M. Zhang, Y. Xu, and T. Hasan, “Black phosphorus ink formulation for inkjet printing of optoelectronics and photonics,” Nat. Commun. 8, 278 (2017).
[Crossref]

Aslan, O. B.

C. Ruppert, O. B. Aslan, and T. F. Heinz, “Optical properties and band gap of single- and few-layer MoTe2 crystals,” Nano Lett. 14, 6231–6236 (2014).
[Crossref]

Banerjee, S. K.

A. Roy, H. C. P. Movva, B. Satpati, K. Kim, R. Dey, A. Rai, T. Pramanik, S. Guchhait, E. Tutuc, and S. K. Banerjee, “Structural and electrical properties of MoTe2 and MoSe2 grown by molecular beam epitaxy,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8, 7396–7402 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bao, Q.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q.-H. Xu, D. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as a saturable absorber in a mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4, 297–307 (2011).
[Crossref]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Basko, D. M.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref]

Boguslawski, J.

Bonaccorso, F.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref]

Börner, J.

Böttger, P.

Bratschitsch, R.

Buckley, J.

F. Ilday, J. Buckley, W. Clark, and F. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[Crossref]

Cha, Y. H.

Chang, W. H.

J. H. Huang, K. Y. Deng, P. S. Liu, C. T. Wu, C. T. Chou, W. H. Chang, Y. J. Lee, and T. H. Hou, “Large-area 2D layered MoTe2 by physical vapor deposition and solid-phase crystallization in a tellurium-free atmosphere,” Adv. Mater. Interfaces 4, 1700157 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

Chen, J.

Chen, Y.

Cheng, C.-H.

Y.-H. Lin, S.-F. Lin, Y.-C. Chi, C.-L. Wu, C.-H. Cheng, W.-H. Tseng, J.-H. He, C.-I. Wu, C.-K. Lee, and G.-R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photon. 2, 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cheng, H.

D. Mao, B. Du, D. Yang, S. Zhang, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, X. She, H. Cheng, H. Zeng, and J. Zhao, “Nonlinear saturable absorption of liquid-exfoliated molybdenum/tungsten ditelluride nanosheets,” Small 12, 1489–1497 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chi, Y.-C.

Y.-H. Lin, S.-F. Lin, Y.-C. Chi, C.-L. Wu, C.-H. Cheng, W.-H. Tseng, J.-H. He, C.-I. Wu, C.-K. Lee, and G.-R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photon. 2, 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

Choi, S. Y.

Chou, C. T.

J. H. Huang, K. Y. Deng, P. S. Liu, C. T. Wu, C. T. Chou, W. H. Chang, Y. J. Lee, and T. H. Hou, “Large-area 2D layered MoTe2 by physical vapor deposition and solid-phase crystallization in a tellurium-free atmosphere,” Adv. Mater. Interfaces 4, 1700157 (2017).
[Crossref]

Clark, W.

F. Ilday, J. Buckley, W. Clark, and F. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[Crossref]

Deng, K. Y.

J. H. Huang, K. Y. Deng, P. S. Liu, C. T. Wu, C. T. Chou, W. H. Chang, Y. J. Lee, and T. H. Hou, “Large-area 2D layered MoTe2 by physical vapor deposition and solid-phase crystallization in a tellurium-free atmosphere,” Adv. Mater. Interfaces 4, 1700157 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dey, R.

A. Roy, H. C. P. Movva, B. Satpati, K. Kim, R. Dey, A. Rai, T. Pramanik, S. Guchhait, E. Tutuc, and S. K. Banerjee, “Structural and electrical properties of MoTe2 and MoSe2 grown by molecular beam epitaxy,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8, 7396–7402 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dresselhaus, M. S.

L. Zhou, K. Xu, A. Zubair, X. Zhang, F. P. Ouyang, T. Palacios, M. S. Dresselhaus, Y. F. Li, and J. Kong, “Role of molecular sieves in the CVD synthesis of large-area 2D MoTe2,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27, 1603491 (2017).
[Crossref]

Du, B.

D. Mao, B. Du, D. Yang, S. Zhang, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, X. She, H. Cheng, H. Zeng, and J. Zhao, “Nonlinear saturable absorption of liquid-exfoliated molybdenum/tungsten ditelluride nanosheets,” Small 12, 1489–1497 (2016).
[Crossref]

Du, J.

Ferrari, A. C.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gao, W.

Gedanken, A.

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[Crossref]

Tan, P. H.

G. H. Hu, T. Albrow-Owen, X. X. Jin, A. Ali, Y. W. Hu, R. C. T. Howe, K. Shehzad, Z. Y. Yang, X. K. Zhu, R. I. Woodward, T. C. Wu, H. Jussila, J. B. Wu, P. Peng, P. H. Tan, Z. P. Sun, E. J. R. Kelleher, M. Zhang, Y. Xu, and T. Hasan, “Black phosphorus ink formulation for inkjet printing of optoelectronics and photonics,” Nat. Commun. 8, 278 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tang, D.

Tang, D. Y.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Taylor, J. R.

Tonndorf, P.

Torrisi, F.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref]

Trushin, M.

M. Trushin, E. J. R. Kelleher, and T. Hasan, “Theory of edge-state optical absorption in two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenide flakes,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 155301 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tseng, W.-H.

Y.-H. Lin, S.-F. Lin, Y.-C. Chi, C.-L. Wu, C.-H. Cheng, W.-H. Tseng, J.-H. He, C.-I. Wu, C.-K. Lee, and G.-R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photon. 2, 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tutuc, E.

A. Roy, H. C. P. Movva, B. Satpati, K. Kim, R. Dey, A. Rai, T. Pramanik, S. Guchhait, E. Tutuc, and S. K. Banerjee, “Structural and electrical properties of MoTe2 and MoSe2 grown by molecular beam epitaxy,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8, 7396–7402 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, F.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

P. Yan, H. Chen, J. Yin, Z. Xu, J. Li, Z. Jiang, W. Zhang, J. Wang, I. L. Li, and Z. Sun, “Large-area tungsten disulfide for ultrafast photonics,” Nanoscale 9, 1871–1877 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Yin, J. Li, H. Chen, J. Wang, P. Yan, M. Liu, W. Liu, W. Lu, Z. Xu, W. Zhang, J. Wang, Z. Sun, and S. Ruan, “Large-area highly crystalline WSe2 atomic layers for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Opt. Express 25, 30020–30031 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Yin, J. Li, H. Chen, J. Wang, P. Yan, M. Liu, W. Liu, W. Lu, Z. Xu, W. Zhang, J. Wang, Z. Sun, and S. Ruan, “Large-area highly crystalline WSe2 atomic layers for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Opt. Express 25, 30020–30031 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, S. Lin, X. Liang, M. Wang, P. Yan, G. Hu, T. Albrow-Owen, S. Ruan, Z. Sun, and T. Hasan, “High-energy and efficient Raman soliton generation tunable from 1.98 to 2.29 μm in an all-silica-fiber thulium laser system,” Opt. Lett. 42, 3518–3521 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, X. Liang, G. Hu, Z. Zheng, S. Lin, D. Ouyang, X. Wu, P. Yan, S. Ruan, and Z. Sun, “152 fs nanotube-mode-locked thulium-doped all-fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28885 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Wu, X. Zhang, J. Wang, and J. Chen, “463-MHz fundamental mode-locked fiber laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 40, 1374–1377 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Ma, G. Xie, P. Lv, W. Gao, P. Yuan, L. Qian, H. Yu, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and D. Tang, “Graphene mode-locked femtosecond laser at 2  μm wavelength,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2085–2087 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, M.

Wang, Y.

D. Mao, B. Du, D. Yang, S. Zhang, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, X. She, H. Cheng, H. Zeng, and J. Zhao, “Nonlinear saturable absorption of liquid-exfoliated molybdenum/tungsten ditelluride nanosheets,” Small 12, 1489–1497 (2016).
[Crossref]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q.-H. Xu, D. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as a saturable absorber in a mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4, 297–307 (2011).
[Crossref]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wei, Y.

L. H. Qiu, Y. Wei, V. G. Pol, and A. Gedanken, “Synthesis of alpha-MoTe2 nanorods via annealing Te-seeded amorphous MoTe2 particles,” Inorg. Chem. 43, 6061–6066 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wen, S.

Wise, F.

F. Ilday, J. Buckley, W. Clark, and F. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[Crossref]

Woodward, R. I.

G. H. Hu, T. Albrow-Owen, X. X. Jin, A. Ali, Y. W. Hu, R. C. T. Howe, K. Shehzad, Z. Y. Yang, X. K. Zhu, R. I. Woodward, T. C. Wu, H. Jussila, J. B. Wu, P. Peng, P. H. Tan, Z. P. Sun, E. J. R. Kelleher, M. Zhang, Y. Xu, and T. Hasan, “Black phosphorus ink formulation for inkjet printing of optoelectronics and photonics,” Nat. Commun. 8, 278 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. I. Woodward and E. J. Kelleher, “2D saturable absorbers for fibre lasers,” Appl. Sci. 5, 1440–1456 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wu, C. T.

J. H. Huang, K. Y. Deng, P. S. Liu, C. T. Wu, C. T. Chou, W. H. Chang, Y. J. Lee, and T. H. Hou, “Large-area 2D layered MoTe2 by physical vapor deposition and solid-phase crystallization in a tellurium-free atmosphere,” Adv. Mater. Interfaces 4, 1700157 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wu, C.-I.

Y.-H. Lin, S.-F. Lin, Y.-C. Chi, C.-L. Wu, C.-H. Cheng, W.-H. Tseng, J.-H. He, C.-I. Wu, C.-K. Lee, and G.-R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photon. 2, 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wu, C.-L.

Y.-H. Lin, S.-F. Lin, Y.-C. Chi, C.-L. Wu, C.-H. Cheng, W.-H. Tseng, J.-H. He, C.-I. Wu, C.-K. Lee, and G.-R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photon. 2, 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wu, J. B.

G. H. Hu, T. Albrow-Owen, X. X. Jin, A. Ali, Y. W. Hu, R. C. T. Howe, K. Shehzad, Z. Y. Yang, X. K. Zhu, R. I. Woodward, T. C. Wu, H. Jussila, J. B. Wu, P. Peng, P. H. Tan, Z. P. Sun, E. J. R. Kelleher, M. Zhang, Y. Xu, and T. Hasan, “Black phosphorus ink formulation for inkjet printing of optoelectronics and photonics,” Nat. Commun. 8, 278 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wu, K.

Wu, T. C.

G. H. Hu, T. Albrow-Owen, X. X. Jin, A. Ali, Y. W. Hu, R. C. T. Howe, K. Shehzad, Z. Y. Yang, X. K. Zhu, R. I. Woodward, T. C. Wu, H. Jussila, J. B. Wu, P. Peng, P. H. Tan, Z. P. Sun, E. J. R. Kelleher, M. Zhang, Y. Xu, and T. Hasan, “Black phosphorus ink formulation for inkjet printing of optoelectronics and photonics,” Nat. Commun. 8, 278 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wu, X.

J. Wang, X. Liang, G. Hu, Z. Zheng, S. Lin, D. Ouyang, X. Wu, P. Yan, S. Ruan, and Z. Sun, “152 fs nanotube-mode-locked thulium-doped all-fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28885 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xia, H.

H. Li, H. Xia, C. Lan, C. Li, X. Zhang, J. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 27, 69–72 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xie, G.

Xu, K.

L. Zhou, K. Xu, A. Zubair, X. Zhang, F. P. Ouyang, T. Palacios, M. S. Dresselhaus, Y. F. Li, and J. Kong, “Role of molecular sieves in the CVD synthesis of large-area 2D MoTe2,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27, 1603491 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xu, Q.-H.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q.-H. Xu, D. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as a saturable absorber in a mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4, 297–307 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xu, Y.

G. H. Hu, T. Albrow-Owen, X. X. Jin, A. Ali, Y. W. Hu, R. C. T. Howe, K. Shehzad, Z. Y. Yang, X. K. Zhu, R. I. Woodward, T. C. Wu, H. Jussila, J. B. Wu, P. Peng, P. H. Tan, Z. P. Sun, E. J. R. Kelleher, M. Zhang, Y. Xu, and T. Hasan, “Black phosphorus ink formulation for inkjet printing of optoelectronics and photonics,” Nat. Commun. 8, 278 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xu, Z.

P. Yan, H. Chen, J. Yin, Z. Xu, J. Li, Z. Jiang, W. Zhang, J. Wang, I. L. Li, and Z. Sun, “Large-area tungsten disulfide for ultrafast photonics,” Nanoscale 9, 1871–1877 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Yin, J. Li, H. Chen, J. Wang, P. Yan, M. Liu, W. Liu, W. Lu, Z. Xu, W. Zhang, J. Wang, Z. Sun, and S. Ruan, “Large-area highly crystalline WSe2 atomic layers for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Opt. Express 25, 30020–30031 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yan, P.

Yan, Y.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yang, D.

D. Mao, B. Du, D. Yang, S. Zhang, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, X. She, H. Cheng, H. Zeng, and J. Zhao, “Nonlinear saturable absorption of liquid-exfoliated molybdenum/tungsten ditelluride nanosheets,” Small 12, 1489–1497 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z. Y.

G. H. Hu, T. Albrow-Owen, X. X. Jin, A. Ali, Y. W. Hu, R. C. T. Howe, K. Shehzad, Z. Y. Yang, X. K. Zhu, R. I. Woodward, T. C. Wu, H. Jussila, J. B. Wu, P. Peng, P. H. Tan, Z. P. Sun, E. J. R. Kelleher, M. Zhang, Y. Xu, and T. Hasan, “Black phosphorus ink formulation for inkjet printing of optoelectronics and photonics,” Nat. Commun. 8, 278 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yeom, D. I.

Yin, J.

Yu, H.

Yuan, P.

Zahn, D. R. T.

Zeng, H.

D. Mao, B. Du, D. Yang, S. Zhang, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, X. She, H. Cheng, H. Zeng, and J. Zhao, “Nonlinear saturable absorption of liquid-exfoliated molybdenum/tungsten ditelluride nanosheets,” Small 12, 1489–1497 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

H. Zhang, S. Lu, J. Zheng, J. Du, S. Wen, D. Tang, and K. Loh, “Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) as a broadband saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Express 22, 7249–7260 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Ma, G. Xie, P. Lv, W. Gao, P. Yuan, L. Qian, H. Yu, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and D. Tang, “Graphene mode-locked femtosecond laser at 2  μm wavelength,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2085–2087 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q.-H. Xu, D. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as a saturable absorber in a mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4, 297–307 (2011).
[Crossref]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, M.

G. H. Hu, T. Albrow-Owen, X. X. Jin, A. Ali, Y. W. Hu, R. C. T. Howe, K. Shehzad, Z. Y. Yang, X. K. Zhu, R. I. Woodward, T. C. Wu, H. Jussila, J. B. Wu, P. Peng, P. H. Tan, Z. P. Sun, E. J. R. Kelleher, M. Zhang, Y. Xu, and T. Hasan, “Black phosphorus ink formulation for inkjet printing of optoelectronics and photonics,” Nat. Commun. 8, 278 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Zhang, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. S. Pozharov, E. D. Obraztsova, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Passive synchronization of all-fiber lasers through a common saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 36, 3984–3986 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

D. Mao, B. Du, D. Yang, S. Zhang, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, X. She, H. Cheng, H. Zeng, and J. Zhao, “Nonlinear saturable absorption of liquid-exfoliated molybdenum/tungsten ditelluride nanosheets,” Small 12, 1489–1497 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

P. Yan, H. Chen, J. Yin, Z. Xu, J. Li, Z. Jiang, W. Zhang, J. Wang, I. L. Li, and Z. Sun, “Large-area tungsten disulfide for ultrafast photonics,” Nanoscale 9, 1871–1877 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Yin, J. Li, H. Chen, J. Wang, P. Yan, M. Liu, W. Liu, W. Lu, Z. Xu, W. Zhang, J. Wang, Z. Sun, and S. Ruan, “Large-area highly crystalline WSe2 atomic layers for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Opt. Express 25, 30020–30031 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, B. Du, D. Yang, S. Zhang, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, X. She, H. Cheng, H. Zeng, and J. Zhao, “Nonlinear saturable absorption of liquid-exfoliated molybdenum/tungsten ditelluride nanosheets,” Small 12, 1489–1497 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

Zhao, J.

D. Mao, B. Du, D. Yang, S. Zhang, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, X. She, H. Cheng, H. Zeng, and J. Zhao, “Nonlinear saturable absorption of liquid-exfoliated molybdenum/tungsten ditelluride nanosheets,” Small 12, 1489–1497 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zheng, J.

Zheng, Z.

J. Wang, X. Liang, G. Hu, Z. Zheng, S. Lin, D. Ouyang, X. Wu, P. Yan, S. Ruan, and Z. Sun, “152 fs nanotube-mode-locked thulium-doped all-fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28885 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhou, L.

L. Zhou, K. Xu, A. Zubair, X. Zhang, F. P. Ouyang, T. Palacios, M. S. Dresselhaus, Y. F. Li, and J. Kong, “Role of molecular sieves in the CVD synthesis of large-area 2D MoTe2,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27, 1603491 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhu, X. K.

G. H. Hu, T. Albrow-Owen, X. X. Jin, A. Ali, Y. W. Hu, R. C. T. Howe, K. Shehzad, Z. Y. Yang, X. K. Zhu, R. I. Woodward, T. C. Wu, H. Jussila, J. B. Wu, P. Peng, P. H. Tan, Z. P. Sun, E. J. R. Kelleher, M. Zhang, Y. Xu, and T. Hasan, “Black phosphorus ink formulation for inkjet printing of optoelectronics and photonics,” Nat. Commun. 8, 278 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zubair, A.

L. Zhou, K. Xu, A. Zubair, X. Zhang, F. P. Ouyang, T. Palacios, M. S. Dresselhaus, Y. F. Li, and J. Kong, “Role of molecular sieves in the CVD synthesis of large-area 2D MoTe2,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27, 1603491 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zybala, R.

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (1)

A. Roy, H. C. P. Movva, B. Satpati, K. Kim, R. Dey, A. Rai, T. Pramanik, S. Guchhait, E. Tutuc, and S. K. Banerjee, “Structural and electrical properties of MoTe2 and MoSe2 grown by molecular beam epitaxy,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8, 7396–7402 (2016).
[Crossref]

ACS Nano (1)

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref]

ACS Photon. (1)

Y.-H. Lin, S.-F. Lin, Y.-C. Chi, C.-L. Wu, C.-H. Cheng, W.-H. Tseng, J.-H. He, C.-I. Wu, C.-K. Lee, and G.-R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photon. 2, 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (3)

J. Koo, Y. I. Jhon, J. Park, J. Lee, Y. M. Jhon, and J. H. Lee, “Near-infrared saturable absorption of defective bulk-structured WTe2 for femtosecond laser mode-locking,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26, 7454–7461 (2016).
[Crossref]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. Zhou, K. Xu, A. Zubair, X. Zhang, F. P. Ouyang, T. Palacios, M. S. Dresselhaus, Y. F. Li, and J. Kong, “Role of molecular sieves in the CVD synthesis of large-area 2D MoTe2,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27, 1603491 (2017).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. Interfaces (1)

J. H. Huang, K. Y. Deng, P. S. Liu, C. T. Wu, C. T. Chou, W. H. Chang, Y. J. Lee, and T. H. Hou, “Large-area 2D layered MoTe2 by physical vapor deposition and solid-phase crystallization in a tellurium-free atmosphere,” Adv. Mater. Interfaces 4, 1700157 (2017).
[Crossref]

Appl. Sci. (1)

R. I. Woodward and E. J. Kelleher, “2D saturable absorbers for fibre lasers,” Appl. Sci. 5, 1440–1456 (2015).
[Crossref]

Can. J. Chem. (1)

O. Knop and R. D. MacDonald, “Chalkogenides of the transition elements: III. Molybdenum ditelluride,” Can. J. Chem. 39, 897–904 (1961).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. (1)

H. Li, H. Xia, C. Lan, C. Li, X. Zhang, J. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 27, 69–72 (2015).
[Crossref]

Inorg. Chem. (1)

L. H. Qiu, Y. Wei, V. G. Pol, and A. Gedanken, “Synthesis of alpha-MoTe2 nanorods via annealing Te-seeded amorphous MoTe2 particles,” Inorg. Chem. 43, 6061–6066 (2004).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (1)

C. Ruppert, O. B. Aslan, and T. F. Heinz, “Optical properties and band gap of single- and few-layer MoTe2 crystals,” Nano Lett. 14, 6231–6236 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nano Res. (1)

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q.-H. Xu, D. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as a saturable absorber in a mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4, 297–307 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nanoscale (1)

P. Yan, H. Chen, J. Yin, Z. Xu, J. Li, Z. Jiang, W. Zhang, J. Wang, I. L. Li, and Z. Sun, “Large-area tungsten disulfide for ultrafast photonics,” Nanoscale 9, 1871–1877 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

G. H. Hu, T. Albrow-Owen, X. X. Jin, A. Ali, Y. W. Hu, R. C. T. Howe, K. Shehzad, Z. Y. Yang, X. K. Zhu, R. I. Woodward, T. C. Wu, H. Jussila, J. B. Wu, P. Peng, P. H. Tan, Z. P. Sun, E. J. R. Kelleher, M. Zhang, Y. Xu, and T. Hasan, “Black phosphorus ink formulation for inkjet printing of optoelectronics and photonics,” Nat. Commun. 8, 278 (2017).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (7)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. Trushin, E. J. R. Kelleher, and T. Hasan, “Theory of edge-state optical absorption in two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenide flakes,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 155301 (2016).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

F. Ilday, J. Buckley, W. Clark, and F. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

J. Wang, X. Liang, G. Hu, Z. Zheng, S. Lin, D. Ouyang, X. Wu, P. Yan, S. Ruan, and Z. Sun, “152 fs nanotube-mode-locked thulium-doped all-fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28885 (2016).
[Crossref]

Small (1)

D. Mao, B. Du, D. Yang, S. Zhang, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, X. She, H. Cheng, H. Zeng, and J. Zhao, “Nonlinear saturable absorption of liquid-exfoliated molybdenum/tungsten ditelluride nanosheets,” Small 12, 1489–1497 (2016).
[Crossref]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) SEM image for microfiber coated with MoTe2 film. (b) SEM image of the cross section of microfiber. The inset is a magnified SEM image. Optical microscope images of the waist region of sample (c) without and (d) with the guiding red light. (e) Field intensity of the guided mode in the microfiber.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) XPS spectrum of MoTe2 film. (b) XPS core level spectrum of Mo 3d. (c) XPS core level spectrum of Te 3d.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Linear transmission of MoTe2 film. (b) Saturable absorption properties of the MoTe2 SA. (c) Normalized open-aperture Z-scan traces with the excitation powers of 0.4, 0.6, and 0.86 mW, respectively. (d) Pump–probe measurement of the carrier lifetime of MoTe2.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) XRD patterns of MoTe2 film. The inset shows the film quality with the scale bar of 400 nm. The SEM images with test energy densities of (b) 5.7  mJ/cm2 and (c) 10.8  mJ/cm2, respectively.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Schematic of the passively mode-locked erbium- or thulium-doped fiber laser.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Mode-locking pulse output characterizations for the EDF laser. (a) Relationship between the pump power and laser output power. (b) Optical spectrum with the bandwidth of 11.76 nm. (c) Radio frequency spectrum at fundamental frequency of 26.601 MHz with 10 Hz resolution. The inset is the RF spectrum of 1 GHz span. (d) Autocorrelation trace for output pulse with a pulse duration of 229 fs with sech2 fit. The inset shows the autocorrelation trace with a large range of 50 ps.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Mode-locking pulse output characterizations for the TDF laser. (a) Relationship between the pump power and laser output power. (b) Optical spectrum with the bandwidth of 3.2 nm. (c) Radio frequency spectrum at fundamental frequency of 15.37 MHz with 10 Hz resolution. The inset is the RF spectrum of 1 GHz span. (d) Autocorrelation trace for output pulse with a pulse duration of 1.3 ps with sech2 fit. The inset shows the autocorrelation trace with a large range of 50 ps.

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