Abstract

We report a method to tune the second harmonic generation (SHG) frequency of a metallic octamer by employing cylindrical vector beams as the excitation. Our method exploits the ability to spatially match the polarization state of excitations with the fundamental target plasmonic modes, enabling flexible control of the SHG resonant frequency. It is found that SHG of the octamer is enhanced over a broad band (400 nm) by changing the excitation from the linearly polarized Gaussian beam to radially and azimuthally polarized beams. More strikingly, when subjected to an azimuthally polarized beam, the SHG intensity of the octamer becomes 30 times stronger than that for the linearly polarized beam even in the presence of Fano resonance.

© 2018 Chinese Laser Press

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Second-harmonic generation in single CdSe nanowires by focused cylindrical vector beams

Xiao Wang, Zhouxiaosong Zeng, Xiujuan Zhuang, Frank Wackenhut, Anlian Pan, and Alfred J. Meixner
Opt. Lett. 42(13) 2623-2626 (2017)

Second harmonic generation of a single centrosymmetric nanosphere illuminated by tightly focused cylindrical vector beams

Bingzhong Huo, Xianghui Wang, Shengjiang Chang, and Ming Zeng
J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29(7) 1631-1640 (2012)

Azimuthally and radially excited charge transfer plasmon and Fano lineshapes in conductive sublayer-mediated nanoassemblies

Arash Ahmadivand, Burak Gerislioglu, and Nezih Pala
J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 34(11) 2052-2056 (2017)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. Premaratne and M. Stockman, “Theory and technology of SPASERs,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 9, 79–128 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. Lee, M. Tymchenko, C. Argyropoulos, P. Y. Chen, F. Lu, F. Demmerle, G. Boehm, M. Amann, A. Alu, and M. A. Belkin, “Giant nonlinear response from plasmonic metasurfaces coupled to intersubband transitions,” Nature 511, 65–69 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  3. M. Kauranen and A. V. Zayats, “Nonlinear plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 6, 737–748 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  4. J. Butet, J. Duboisset, G. Bachelier, I. Russierantoine, E. Benichou, C. Jonin, and P. O. Brevet, “Optical second harmonic generation of single metallic nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous medium,” Nano Lett. 10, 1717–1721 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  5. C. Ciraci, E. Poutrina, M. Scalora, and D. R. Smith, “Second-harmonic generation in metallic nanoparticles: clarification of the role of the surface,” Phys. Rev. B 86, 115451 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  6. T. Onuta, M. Waegele, C. Dufort, W. L. Schaich, and B. Dragnea, “Optical field enhancement at cusps between adjacent nanoapertures,” Nano Lett. 7, 557–564 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  7. T. Hanke, G. Krauss, D. Trautlein, B. Wild, R. Bratschitsch, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Efficient nonlinear light emission of single gold optical antennas driven by few-cycle near-infrared pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 257404 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  8. A. Capretti, G. F. Walsh, S. Minissale, J. Trevino, C. Forestiere, G. Miano, and L. Dal Negro, “Multipolar second harmonic generation from planar arrays of Au nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 20, 15797–15806 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  9. K. Thyagarajan, J. Butet, and O. J. F. Martin, “Augmenting second harmonic generation using Fano resonances in plasmonic systems,” Nano Lett. 13, 1847–1851 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  10. B. K. Canfield, H. Husu, J. Laukkanen, B. Bai, M. Kuittinen, J. Turunen, and M. Kauranen, “Local field asymmetry drives second-harmonic generation in noncentrosymmetric nanodimers,” Nano Lett. 7, 1251–1255 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  11. M. W. Klein, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, and S. Linden, “Second-harmonic generation from magnetic metamaterials,” Science 313, 502–504 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  12. S. Linden, F. B. P. Niesler, J. Forstner, Y. Grynko, T. Meier, and M. Wegener, “Collective effects in second-harmonic generation from split-ring-resonator arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 015502 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  13. H. Husu, R. Siikanen, J. Makitalo, J. Lehtolahti, J. Laukkanen, M. Kuittinen, and M. Kauranen, “Metamaterials with tailored nonlinear optical response,” Nano Lett. 12, 673–677 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  14. B. Wang, R. Wang, R. J. Liu, X. Lu, J. Zhao, and Z. Li, “Origin of shape resonance in second-harmonic generation from metallic nanohole arrays,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2358 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  15. S. Lan, S. P. Rodrigues, Y. Cui, L. Kang, and W. Cai, “Electrically tunable harmonic generation of light from plasmonic structures in electrolytes,” Nano Lett. 16, 5074–5079 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  16. K. O. Brien, H. Suchowski, J. Rho, A. Salandrino, B. Kante, X. Yin, and X. Zhang, “Predicting nonlinear properties of metamaterials from the linear response,” Nat. Mater. 14, 379–383 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  17. V. K. Valev, A. Silhanek, N. Smisdom, B. De Clercq, W. Gillijns, O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Ameloot, V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Linearly polarized second harmonic generation microscopy reveals chirality,” Opt. Express 18, 8286–8293 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  18. G. Bautista, M. J. Huttunen, J. M. Kontio, J. Simonen, and M. Kauranen, “Third- and second-harmonic generation microscopy of individual metal nanocones using cylindrical vector beams,” Opt. Express 21, 21918–21923 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  19. J. Butet and O. J. F. Martin, “Nonlinear plasmonic nanorulers,” ACS Nano 8, 4931–4939 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  20. J. Butet, I. Russierantoine, C. Jonin, N. Lascoux, E. Benichou, and P. Brevet, “Sensing with multipolar second harmonic generation from spherical metallic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 12, 1697–1701 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  21. G. F. Walsh and L. Dal Negro, “Enhanced second harmonic generation by photonic-plasmonic Fano-type coupling in nanoplasmonic arrays,” Nano Lett. 13, 3111–3117 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  22. H. Aouani, M. Navarrocia, M. Rahmani, T. P. H. Sidiropoulos, M. H. Hong, R. F. Oulton, and S. A. Maier, “Multiresonant broadband optical antennas as efficient tunable nanosources of second harmonic light,” Nano Lett. 12, 4997–5002 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  23. S. Liu, E. S. P. Leong, G. Li, Y. Hou, J. Deng, J. Teng, H. C. Ong, and D. Y. Lei, “Polarization-independent multiple Fano resonances in plasmonic nonamers for multimode-matching enhanced multiband second-harmonic generation,” ACS Nano 10, 1442–1453 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  24. F. Xiao, W. Zhu, W. Shang, T. Mei, M. Premaratne, and J. Zhao, “Electrical control of second harmonic generation in a graphene-based plasmonic Fano structure,” Opt. Express 23, 3236–3244 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  25. J. B. Lassiter, H. Sobhani, M. W. Knight, W. S. Mielczarek, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Designing and deconstructing the Fano lineshape in plasmonic nanoclusters,” Nano Lett. 12, 1058–1062 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  26. A. Yanai, M. Grajower, G. M. Lerman, M. Hentschel, H. Giessen, and U. Levy, “Near- and far-field properties of plasmonic oligomers under radially and azimuthally polarized light excitation,” ACS Nano 8, 4969–4974 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  27. E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1985).
  28. Q. Zhan, “Cylindrical vector beams: from mathematical concepts to applications,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 1, 1–57 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  29. E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A hybridization model for the plasmon response of complex nanostructures,” Science 302, 419–422 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  30. Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, 1973).
  31. J. I. Dadap, J. Shan, K. B. Eisenthal, and T. F. Heinz, “Second-harmonic Rayleigh scattering from a sphere of centrosymmetric material,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4045–4048 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  32. D. Krause, C. W. Teplin, and C. T. Rogers, “Optical surface second harmonic measurements of isotropic thin-film metals: gold, silver, copper, aluminum, and tantalum,” J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3626–3634 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  33. S. Tang, D. Cho, H. Xu, W. Wu, Y. R. Shen, and L. Zhou, “Nonlinear responses in optical metamaterials: theory and experiment,” Opt. Express 19, 18283–18293 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  34. F. Schmidt, H. Ditlbacher, U. Hohenester, A. Hohenau, F. Hofer, and J. R. Krenn, “Dark plasmonic breathing modes in silver nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 12, 5780–5783 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  35. M. Hentschel, D. Dregely, R. Vogelgesang, H. Giessen, and N. Liu, “Plasmonic oligomers: the role of individual particles in collective behavior,” ACS Nano 5, 2042–2050 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  36. J. Ye, F. Wen, J. Lassiter, H. Sobhani, P. Van Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and N. Halas, “Plasmonic nanoclusters: near field properties of the Fano resonance interrogated with SERS,” Nano Lett. 12, 1660–1667 (2012).
    [Crossref]

2017 (1)

2016 (2)

S. Liu, E. S. P. Leong, G. Li, Y. Hou, J. Deng, J. Teng, H. C. Ong, and D. Y. Lei, “Polarization-independent multiple Fano resonances in plasmonic nonamers for multimode-matching enhanced multiband second-harmonic generation,” ACS Nano 10, 1442–1453 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Lan, S. P. Rodrigues, Y. Cui, L. Kang, and W. Cai, “Electrically tunable harmonic generation of light from plasmonic structures in electrolytes,” Nano Lett. 16, 5074–5079 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

K. O. Brien, H. Suchowski, J. Rho, A. Salandrino, B. Kante, X. Yin, and X. Zhang, “Predicting nonlinear properties of metamaterials from the linear response,” Nat. Mater. 14, 379–383 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Xiao, W. Zhu, W. Shang, T. Mei, M. Premaratne, and J. Zhao, “Electrical control of second harmonic generation in a graphene-based plasmonic Fano structure,” Opt. Express 23, 3236–3244 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

A. Yanai, M. Grajower, G. M. Lerman, M. Hentschel, H. Giessen, and U. Levy, “Near- and far-field properties of plasmonic oligomers under radially and azimuthally polarized light excitation,” ACS Nano 8, 4969–4974 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Lee, M. Tymchenko, C. Argyropoulos, P. Y. Chen, F. Lu, F. Demmerle, G. Boehm, M. Amann, A. Alu, and M. A. Belkin, “Giant nonlinear response from plasmonic metasurfaces coupled to intersubband transitions,” Nature 511, 65–69 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Butet and O. J. F. Martin, “Nonlinear plasmonic nanorulers,” ACS Nano 8, 4931–4939 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

G. F. Walsh and L. Dal Negro, “Enhanced second harmonic generation by photonic-plasmonic Fano-type coupling in nanoplasmonic arrays,” Nano Lett. 13, 3111–3117 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. Wang, R. Wang, R. J. Liu, X. Lu, J. Zhao, and Z. Li, “Origin of shape resonance in second-harmonic generation from metallic nanohole arrays,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2358 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Thyagarajan, J. Butet, and O. J. F. Martin, “Augmenting second harmonic generation using Fano resonances in plasmonic systems,” Nano Lett. 13, 1847–1851 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Bautista, M. J. Huttunen, J. M. Kontio, J. Simonen, and M. Kauranen, “Third- and second-harmonic generation microscopy of individual metal nanocones using cylindrical vector beams,” Opt. Express 21, 21918–21923 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (10)

A. Capretti, G. F. Walsh, S. Minissale, J. Trevino, C. Forestiere, G. Miano, and L. Dal Negro, “Multipolar second harmonic generation from planar arrays of Au nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 20, 15797–15806 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Schmidt, H. Ditlbacher, U. Hohenester, A. Hohenau, F. Hofer, and J. R. Krenn, “Dark plasmonic breathing modes in silver nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 12, 5780–5783 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Ye, F. Wen, J. Lassiter, H. Sobhani, P. Van Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and N. Halas, “Plasmonic nanoclusters: near field properties of the Fano resonance interrogated with SERS,” Nano Lett. 12, 1660–1667 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. B. Lassiter, H. Sobhani, M. W. Knight, W. S. Mielczarek, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Designing and deconstructing the Fano lineshape in plasmonic nanoclusters,” Nano Lett. 12, 1058–1062 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Linden, F. B. P. Niesler, J. Forstner, Y. Grynko, T. Meier, and M. Wegener, “Collective effects in second-harmonic generation from split-ring-resonator arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 015502 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Husu, R. Siikanen, J. Makitalo, J. Lehtolahti, J. Laukkanen, M. Kuittinen, and M. Kauranen, “Metamaterials with tailored nonlinear optical response,” Nano Lett. 12, 673–677 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Kauranen and A. V. Zayats, “Nonlinear plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 6, 737–748 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Ciraci, E. Poutrina, M. Scalora, and D. R. Smith, “Second-harmonic generation in metallic nanoparticles: clarification of the role of the surface,” Phys. Rev. B 86, 115451 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Aouani, M. Navarrocia, M. Rahmani, T. P. H. Sidiropoulos, M. H. Hong, R. F. Oulton, and S. A. Maier, “Multiresonant broadband optical antennas as efficient tunable nanosources of second harmonic light,” Nano Lett. 12, 4997–5002 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Butet, I. Russierantoine, C. Jonin, N. Lascoux, E. Benichou, and P. Brevet, “Sensing with multipolar second harmonic generation from spherical metallic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 12, 1697–1701 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

M. Hentschel, D. Dregely, R. Vogelgesang, H. Giessen, and N. Liu, “Plasmonic oligomers: the role of individual particles in collective behavior,” ACS Nano 5, 2042–2050 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Tang, D. Cho, H. Xu, W. Wu, Y. R. Shen, and L. Zhou, “Nonlinear responses in optical metamaterials: theory and experiment,” Opt. Express 19, 18283–18293 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

V. K. Valev, A. Silhanek, N. Smisdom, B. De Clercq, W. Gillijns, O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Ameloot, V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Linearly polarized second harmonic generation microscopy reveals chirality,” Opt. Express 18, 8286–8293 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Butet, J. Duboisset, G. Bachelier, I. Russierantoine, E. Benichou, C. Jonin, and P. O. Brevet, “Optical second harmonic generation of single metallic nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous medium,” Nano Lett. 10, 1717–1721 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

T. Hanke, G. Krauss, D. Trautlein, B. Wild, R. Bratschitsch, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Efficient nonlinear light emission of single gold optical antennas driven by few-cycle near-infrared pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 257404 (2009).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhan, “Cylindrical vector beams: from mathematical concepts to applications,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 1, 1–57 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

T. Onuta, M. Waegele, C. Dufort, W. L. Schaich, and B. Dragnea, “Optical field enhancement at cusps between adjacent nanoapertures,” Nano Lett. 7, 557–564 (2007).
[Crossref]

B. K. Canfield, H. Husu, J. Laukkanen, B. Bai, M. Kuittinen, J. Turunen, and M. Kauranen, “Local field asymmetry drives second-harmonic generation in noncentrosymmetric nanodimers,” Nano Lett. 7, 1251–1255 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

M. W. Klein, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, and S. Linden, “Second-harmonic generation from magnetic metamaterials,” Science 313, 502–504 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

D. Krause, C. W. Teplin, and C. T. Rogers, “Optical surface second harmonic measurements of isotropic thin-film metals: gold, silver, copper, aluminum, and tantalum,” J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3626–3634 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A hybridization model for the plasmon response of complex nanostructures,” Science 302, 419–422 (2003).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

J. I. Dadap, J. Shan, K. B. Eisenthal, and T. F. Heinz, “Second-harmonic Rayleigh scattering from a sphere of centrosymmetric material,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4045–4048 (1999).
[Crossref]

Aktsipetrov, O. A.

Alu, A.

J. Lee, M. Tymchenko, C. Argyropoulos, P. Y. Chen, F. Lu, F. Demmerle, G. Boehm, M. Amann, A. Alu, and M. A. Belkin, “Giant nonlinear response from plasmonic metasurfaces coupled to intersubband transitions,” Nature 511, 65–69 (2014).
[Crossref]

Amann, M.

J. Lee, M. Tymchenko, C. Argyropoulos, P. Y. Chen, F. Lu, F. Demmerle, G. Boehm, M. Amann, A. Alu, and M. A. Belkin, “Giant nonlinear response from plasmonic metasurfaces coupled to intersubband transitions,” Nature 511, 65–69 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ameloot, M.

Aouani, H.

H. Aouani, M. Navarrocia, M. Rahmani, T. P. H. Sidiropoulos, M. H. Hong, R. F. Oulton, and S. A. Maier, “Multiresonant broadband optical antennas as efficient tunable nanosources of second harmonic light,” Nano Lett. 12, 4997–5002 (2012).
[Crossref]

Argyropoulos, C.

J. Lee, M. Tymchenko, C. Argyropoulos, P. Y. Chen, F. Lu, F. Demmerle, G. Boehm, M. Amann, A. Alu, and M. A. Belkin, “Giant nonlinear response from plasmonic metasurfaces coupled to intersubband transitions,” Nature 511, 65–69 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bachelier, G.

J. Butet, J. Duboisset, G. Bachelier, I. Russierantoine, E. Benichou, C. Jonin, and P. O. Brevet, “Optical second harmonic generation of single metallic nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous medium,” Nano Lett. 10, 1717–1721 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bai, B.

B. K. Canfield, H. Husu, J. Laukkanen, B. Bai, M. Kuittinen, J. Turunen, and M. Kauranen, “Local field asymmetry drives second-harmonic generation in noncentrosymmetric nanodimers,” Nano Lett. 7, 1251–1255 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bautista, G.

Belkin, M. A.

J. Lee, M. Tymchenko, C. Argyropoulos, P. Y. Chen, F. Lu, F. Demmerle, G. Boehm, M. Amann, A. Alu, and M. A. Belkin, “Giant nonlinear response from plasmonic metasurfaces coupled to intersubband transitions,” Nature 511, 65–69 (2014).
[Crossref]

Benichou, E.

J. Butet, I. Russierantoine, C. Jonin, N. Lascoux, E. Benichou, and P. Brevet, “Sensing with multipolar second harmonic generation from spherical metallic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 12, 1697–1701 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Butet, J. Duboisset, G. Bachelier, I. Russierantoine, E. Benichou, C. Jonin, and P. O. Brevet, “Optical second harmonic generation of single metallic nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous medium,” Nano Lett. 10, 1717–1721 (2010).
[Crossref]

Boehm, G.

J. Lee, M. Tymchenko, C. Argyropoulos, P. Y. Chen, F. Lu, F. Demmerle, G. Boehm, M. Amann, A. Alu, and M. A. Belkin, “Giant nonlinear response from plasmonic metasurfaces coupled to intersubband transitions,” Nature 511, 65–69 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bratschitsch, R.

T. Hanke, G. Krauss, D. Trautlein, B. Wild, R. Bratschitsch, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Efficient nonlinear light emission of single gold optical antennas driven by few-cycle near-infrared pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 257404 (2009).
[Crossref]

Brevet, P.

J. Butet, I. Russierantoine, C. Jonin, N. Lascoux, E. Benichou, and P. Brevet, “Sensing with multipolar second harmonic generation from spherical metallic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 12, 1697–1701 (2012).
[Crossref]

Brevet, P. O.

J. Butet, J. Duboisset, G. Bachelier, I. Russierantoine, E. Benichou, C. Jonin, and P. O. Brevet, “Optical second harmonic generation of single metallic nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous medium,” Nano Lett. 10, 1717–1721 (2010).
[Crossref]

Brien, K. O.

K. O. Brien, H. Suchowski, J. Rho, A. Salandrino, B. Kante, X. Yin, and X. Zhang, “Predicting nonlinear properties of metamaterials from the linear response,” Nat. Mater. 14, 379–383 (2015).
[Crossref]

Butet, J.

J. Butet and O. J. F. Martin, “Nonlinear plasmonic nanorulers,” ACS Nano 8, 4931–4939 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Thyagarajan, J. Butet, and O. J. F. Martin, “Augmenting second harmonic generation using Fano resonances in plasmonic systems,” Nano Lett. 13, 1847–1851 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Butet, I. Russierantoine, C. Jonin, N. Lascoux, E. Benichou, and P. Brevet, “Sensing with multipolar second harmonic generation from spherical metallic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 12, 1697–1701 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Butet, J. Duboisset, G. Bachelier, I. Russierantoine, E. Benichou, C. Jonin, and P. O. Brevet, “Optical second harmonic generation of single metallic nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous medium,” Nano Lett. 10, 1717–1721 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cai, W.

S. Lan, S. P. Rodrigues, Y. Cui, L. Kang, and W. Cai, “Electrically tunable harmonic generation of light from plasmonic structures in electrolytes,” Nano Lett. 16, 5074–5079 (2016).
[Crossref]

Canfield, B. K.

B. K. Canfield, H. Husu, J. Laukkanen, B. Bai, M. Kuittinen, J. Turunen, and M. Kauranen, “Local field asymmetry drives second-harmonic generation in noncentrosymmetric nanodimers,” Nano Lett. 7, 1251–1255 (2007).
[Crossref]

Capretti, A.

Chen, P. Y.

J. Lee, M. Tymchenko, C. Argyropoulos, P. Y. Chen, F. Lu, F. Demmerle, G. Boehm, M. Amann, A. Alu, and M. A. Belkin, “Giant nonlinear response from plasmonic metasurfaces coupled to intersubband transitions,” Nature 511, 65–69 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cho, D.

Ciraci, C.

C. Ciraci, E. Poutrina, M. Scalora, and D. R. Smith, “Second-harmonic generation in metallic nanoparticles: clarification of the role of the surface,” Phys. Rev. B 86, 115451 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cui, Y.

S. Lan, S. P. Rodrigues, Y. Cui, L. Kang, and W. Cai, “Electrically tunable harmonic generation of light from plasmonic structures in electrolytes,” Nano Lett. 16, 5074–5079 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dadap, J. I.

J. I. Dadap, J. Shan, K. B. Eisenthal, and T. F. Heinz, “Second-harmonic Rayleigh scattering from a sphere of centrosymmetric material,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4045–4048 (1999).
[Crossref]

Dal Negro, L.

G. F. Walsh and L. Dal Negro, “Enhanced second harmonic generation by photonic-plasmonic Fano-type coupling in nanoplasmonic arrays,” Nano Lett. 13, 3111–3117 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Capretti, G. F. Walsh, S. Minissale, J. Trevino, C. Forestiere, G. Miano, and L. Dal Negro, “Multipolar second harmonic generation from planar arrays of Au nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 20, 15797–15806 (2012).
[Crossref]

De Clercq, B.

Demmerle, F.

J. Lee, M. Tymchenko, C. Argyropoulos, P. Y. Chen, F. Lu, F. Demmerle, G. Boehm, M. Amann, A. Alu, and M. A. Belkin, “Giant nonlinear response from plasmonic metasurfaces coupled to intersubband transitions,” Nature 511, 65–69 (2014).
[Crossref]

Deng, J.

S. Liu, E. S. P. Leong, G. Li, Y. Hou, J. Deng, J. Teng, H. C. Ong, and D. Y. Lei, “Polarization-independent multiple Fano resonances in plasmonic nonamers for multimode-matching enhanced multiband second-harmonic generation,” ACS Nano 10, 1442–1453 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ditlbacher, H.

F. Schmidt, H. Ditlbacher, U. Hohenester, A. Hohenau, F. Hofer, and J. R. Krenn, “Dark plasmonic breathing modes in silver nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 12, 5780–5783 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dragnea, B.

T. Onuta, M. Waegele, C. Dufort, W. L. Schaich, and B. Dragnea, “Optical field enhancement at cusps between adjacent nanoapertures,” Nano Lett. 7, 557–564 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dregely, D.

M. Hentschel, D. Dregely, R. Vogelgesang, H. Giessen, and N. Liu, “Plasmonic oligomers: the role of individual particles in collective behavior,” ACS Nano 5, 2042–2050 (2011).
[Crossref]

Duboisset, J.

J. Butet, J. Duboisset, G. Bachelier, I. Russierantoine, E. Benichou, C. Jonin, and P. O. Brevet, “Optical second harmonic generation of single metallic nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous medium,” Nano Lett. 10, 1717–1721 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dufort, C.

T. Onuta, M. Waegele, C. Dufort, W. L. Schaich, and B. Dragnea, “Optical field enhancement at cusps between adjacent nanoapertures,” Nano Lett. 7, 557–564 (2007).
[Crossref]

Eisenthal, K. B.

J. I. Dadap, J. Shan, K. B. Eisenthal, and T. F. Heinz, “Second-harmonic Rayleigh scattering from a sphere of centrosymmetric material,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4045–4048 (1999).
[Crossref]

Enkrich, C.

M. W. Klein, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, and S. Linden, “Second-harmonic generation from magnetic metamaterials,” Science 313, 502–504 (2006).
[Crossref]

Forestiere, C.

Forstner, J.

S. Linden, F. B. P. Niesler, J. Forstner, Y. Grynko, T. Meier, and M. Wegener, “Collective effects in second-harmonic generation from split-ring-resonator arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 015502 (2012).
[Crossref]

Giessen, H.

A. Yanai, M. Grajower, G. M. Lerman, M. Hentschel, H. Giessen, and U. Levy, “Near- and far-field properties of plasmonic oligomers under radially and azimuthally polarized light excitation,” ACS Nano 8, 4969–4974 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Hentschel, D. Dregely, R. Vogelgesang, H. Giessen, and N. Liu, “Plasmonic oligomers: the role of individual particles in collective behavior,” ACS Nano 5, 2042–2050 (2011).
[Crossref]

Gillijns, W.

Grajower, M.

A. Yanai, M. Grajower, G. M. Lerman, M. Hentschel, H. Giessen, and U. Levy, “Near- and far-field properties of plasmonic oligomers under radially and azimuthally polarized light excitation,” ACS Nano 8, 4969–4974 (2014).
[Crossref]

Grynko, Y.

S. Linden, F. B. P. Niesler, J. Forstner, Y. Grynko, T. Meier, and M. Wegener, “Collective effects in second-harmonic generation from split-ring-resonator arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 015502 (2012).
[Crossref]

Halas, N.

J. Ye, F. Wen, J. Lassiter, H. Sobhani, P. Van Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and N. Halas, “Plasmonic nanoclusters: near field properties of the Fano resonance interrogated with SERS,” Nano Lett. 12, 1660–1667 (2012).
[Crossref]

Halas, N. J.

J. B. Lassiter, H. Sobhani, M. W. Knight, W. S. Mielczarek, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Designing and deconstructing the Fano lineshape in plasmonic nanoclusters,” Nano Lett. 12, 1058–1062 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A hybridization model for the plasmon response of complex nanostructures,” Science 302, 419–422 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hanke, T.

T. Hanke, G. Krauss, D. Trautlein, B. Wild, R. Bratschitsch, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Efficient nonlinear light emission of single gold optical antennas driven by few-cycle near-infrared pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 257404 (2009).
[Crossref]

Heinz, T. F.

J. I. Dadap, J. Shan, K. B. Eisenthal, and T. F. Heinz, “Second-harmonic Rayleigh scattering from a sphere of centrosymmetric material,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4045–4048 (1999).
[Crossref]

Hentschel, M.

A. Yanai, M. Grajower, G. M. Lerman, M. Hentschel, H. Giessen, and U. Levy, “Near- and far-field properties of plasmonic oligomers under radially and azimuthally polarized light excitation,” ACS Nano 8, 4969–4974 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Hentschel, D. Dregely, R. Vogelgesang, H. Giessen, and N. Liu, “Plasmonic oligomers: the role of individual particles in collective behavior,” ACS Nano 5, 2042–2050 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hofer, F.

F. Schmidt, H. Ditlbacher, U. Hohenester, A. Hohenau, F. Hofer, and J. R. Krenn, “Dark plasmonic breathing modes in silver nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 12, 5780–5783 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hohenau, A.

F. Schmidt, H. Ditlbacher, U. Hohenester, A. Hohenau, F. Hofer, and J. R. Krenn, “Dark plasmonic breathing modes in silver nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 12, 5780–5783 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hohenester, U.

F. Schmidt, H. Ditlbacher, U. Hohenester, A. Hohenau, F. Hofer, and J. R. Krenn, “Dark plasmonic breathing modes in silver nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 12, 5780–5783 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hong, M. H.

H. Aouani, M. Navarrocia, M. Rahmani, T. P. H. Sidiropoulos, M. H. Hong, R. F. Oulton, and S. A. Maier, “Multiresonant broadband optical antennas as efficient tunable nanosources of second harmonic light,” Nano Lett. 12, 4997–5002 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hou, Y.

S. Liu, E. S. P. Leong, G. Li, Y. Hou, J. Deng, J. Teng, H. C. Ong, and D. Y. Lei, “Polarization-independent multiple Fano resonances in plasmonic nonamers for multimode-matching enhanced multiband second-harmonic generation,” ACS Nano 10, 1442–1453 (2016).
[Crossref]

Husu, H.

H. Husu, R. Siikanen, J. Makitalo, J. Lehtolahti, J. Laukkanen, M. Kuittinen, and M. Kauranen, “Metamaterials with tailored nonlinear optical response,” Nano Lett. 12, 673–677 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. K. Canfield, H. Husu, J. Laukkanen, B. Bai, M. Kuittinen, J. Turunen, and M. Kauranen, “Local field asymmetry drives second-harmonic generation in noncentrosymmetric nanodimers,” Nano Lett. 7, 1251–1255 (2007).
[Crossref]

Huttunen, M. J.

Jonin, C.

J. Butet, I. Russierantoine, C. Jonin, N. Lascoux, E. Benichou, and P. Brevet, “Sensing with multipolar second harmonic generation from spherical metallic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 12, 1697–1701 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Butet, J. Duboisset, G. Bachelier, I. Russierantoine, E. Benichou, C. Jonin, and P. O. Brevet, “Optical second harmonic generation of single metallic nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous medium,” Nano Lett. 10, 1717–1721 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kang, L.

S. Lan, S. P. Rodrigues, Y. Cui, L. Kang, and W. Cai, “Electrically tunable harmonic generation of light from plasmonic structures in electrolytes,” Nano Lett. 16, 5074–5079 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kante, B.

K. O. Brien, H. Suchowski, J. Rho, A. Salandrino, B. Kante, X. Yin, and X. Zhang, “Predicting nonlinear properties of metamaterials from the linear response,” Nat. Mater. 14, 379–383 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kauranen, M.

G. Bautista, M. J. Huttunen, J. M. Kontio, J. Simonen, and M. Kauranen, “Third- and second-harmonic generation microscopy of individual metal nanocones using cylindrical vector beams,” Opt. Express 21, 21918–21923 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Kauranen and A. V. Zayats, “Nonlinear plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 6, 737–748 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Husu, R. Siikanen, J. Makitalo, J. Lehtolahti, J. Laukkanen, M. Kuittinen, and M. Kauranen, “Metamaterials with tailored nonlinear optical response,” Nano Lett. 12, 673–677 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. K. Canfield, H. Husu, J. Laukkanen, B. Bai, M. Kuittinen, J. Turunen, and M. Kauranen, “Local field asymmetry drives second-harmonic generation in noncentrosymmetric nanodimers,” Nano Lett. 7, 1251–1255 (2007).
[Crossref]

Klein, M. W.

M. W. Klein, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, and S. Linden, “Second-harmonic generation from magnetic metamaterials,” Science 313, 502–504 (2006).
[Crossref]

Knight, M. W.

J. B. Lassiter, H. Sobhani, M. W. Knight, W. S. Mielczarek, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Designing and deconstructing the Fano lineshape in plasmonic nanoclusters,” Nano Lett. 12, 1058–1062 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kontio, J. M.

Krause, D.

D. Krause, C. W. Teplin, and C. T. Rogers, “Optical surface second harmonic measurements of isotropic thin-film metals: gold, silver, copper, aluminum, and tantalum,” J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3626–3634 (2004).
[Crossref]

Krauss, G.

T. Hanke, G. Krauss, D. Trautlein, B. Wild, R. Bratschitsch, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Efficient nonlinear light emission of single gold optical antennas driven by few-cycle near-infrared pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 257404 (2009).
[Crossref]

Krenn, J. R.

F. Schmidt, H. Ditlbacher, U. Hohenester, A. Hohenau, F. Hofer, and J. R. Krenn, “Dark plasmonic breathing modes in silver nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 12, 5780–5783 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kuittinen, M.

H. Husu, R. Siikanen, J. Makitalo, J. Lehtolahti, J. Laukkanen, M. Kuittinen, and M. Kauranen, “Metamaterials with tailored nonlinear optical response,” Nano Lett. 12, 673–677 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. K. Canfield, H. Husu, J. Laukkanen, B. Bai, M. Kuittinen, J. Turunen, and M. Kauranen, “Local field asymmetry drives second-harmonic generation in noncentrosymmetric nanodimers,” Nano Lett. 7, 1251–1255 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lan, S.

S. Lan, S. P. Rodrigues, Y. Cui, L. Kang, and W. Cai, “Electrically tunable harmonic generation of light from plasmonic structures in electrolytes,” Nano Lett. 16, 5074–5079 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lascoux, N.

J. Butet, I. Russierantoine, C. Jonin, N. Lascoux, E. Benichou, and P. Brevet, “Sensing with multipolar second harmonic generation from spherical metallic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 12, 1697–1701 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lassiter, J.

J. Ye, F. Wen, J. Lassiter, H. Sobhani, P. Van Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and N. Halas, “Plasmonic nanoclusters: near field properties of the Fano resonance interrogated with SERS,” Nano Lett. 12, 1660–1667 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lassiter, J. B.

J. B. Lassiter, H. Sobhani, M. W. Knight, W. S. Mielczarek, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Designing and deconstructing the Fano lineshape in plasmonic nanoclusters,” Nano Lett. 12, 1058–1062 (2012).
[Crossref]

Laukkanen, J.

H. Husu, R. Siikanen, J. Makitalo, J. Lehtolahti, J. Laukkanen, M. Kuittinen, and M. Kauranen, “Metamaterials with tailored nonlinear optical response,” Nano Lett. 12, 673–677 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. K. Canfield, H. Husu, J. Laukkanen, B. Bai, M. Kuittinen, J. Turunen, and M. Kauranen, “Local field asymmetry drives second-harmonic generation in noncentrosymmetric nanodimers,” Nano Lett. 7, 1251–1255 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lee, J.

J. Lee, M. Tymchenko, C. Argyropoulos, P. Y. Chen, F. Lu, F. Demmerle, G. Boehm, M. Amann, A. Alu, and M. A. Belkin, “Giant nonlinear response from plasmonic metasurfaces coupled to intersubband transitions,” Nature 511, 65–69 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lehtolahti, J.

H. Husu, R. Siikanen, J. Makitalo, J. Lehtolahti, J. Laukkanen, M. Kuittinen, and M. Kauranen, “Metamaterials with tailored nonlinear optical response,” Nano Lett. 12, 673–677 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lei, D. Y.

S. Liu, E. S. P. Leong, G. Li, Y. Hou, J. Deng, J. Teng, H. C. Ong, and D. Y. Lei, “Polarization-independent multiple Fano resonances in plasmonic nonamers for multimode-matching enhanced multiband second-harmonic generation,” ACS Nano 10, 1442–1453 (2016).
[Crossref]

Leitenstorfer, A.

T. Hanke, G. Krauss, D. Trautlein, B. Wild, R. Bratschitsch, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Efficient nonlinear light emission of single gold optical antennas driven by few-cycle near-infrared pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 257404 (2009).
[Crossref]

Leong, E. S. P.

S. Liu, E. S. P. Leong, G. Li, Y. Hou, J. Deng, J. Teng, H. C. Ong, and D. Y. Lei, “Polarization-independent multiple Fano resonances in plasmonic nonamers for multimode-matching enhanced multiband second-harmonic generation,” ACS Nano 10, 1442–1453 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lerman, G. M.

A. Yanai, M. Grajower, G. M. Lerman, M. Hentschel, H. Giessen, and U. Levy, “Near- and far-field properties of plasmonic oligomers under radially and azimuthally polarized light excitation,” ACS Nano 8, 4969–4974 (2014).
[Crossref]

Levy, U.

A. Yanai, M. Grajower, G. M. Lerman, M. Hentschel, H. Giessen, and U. Levy, “Near- and far-field properties of plasmonic oligomers under radially and azimuthally polarized light excitation,” ACS Nano 8, 4969–4974 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, G.

S. Liu, E. S. P. Leong, G. Li, Y. Hou, J. Deng, J. Teng, H. C. Ong, and D. Y. Lei, “Polarization-independent multiple Fano resonances in plasmonic nonamers for multimode-matching enhanced multiband second-harmonic generation,” ACS Nano 10, 1442–1453 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

B. Wang, R. Wang, R. J. Liu, X. Lu, J. Zhao, and Z. Li, “Origin of shape resonance in second-harmonic generation from metallic nanohole arrays,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2358 (2013).
[Crossref]

Linden, S.

S. Linden, F. B. P. Niesler, J. Forstner, Y. Grynko, T. Meier, and M. Wegener, “Collective effects in second-harmonic generation from split-ring-resonator arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 015502 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. W. Klein, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, and S. Linden, “Second-harmonic generation from magnetic metamaterials,” Science 313, 502–504 (2006).
[Crossref]

Liu, N.

M. Hentschel, D. Dregely, R. Vogelgesang, H. Giessen, and N. Liu, “Plasmonic oligomers: the role of individual particles in collective behavior,” ACS Nano 5, 2042–2050 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liu, R. J.

B. Wang, R. Wang, R. J. Liu, X. Lu, J. Zhao, and Z. Li, “Origin of shape resonance in second-harmonic generation from metallic nanohole arrays,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2358 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.

S. Liu, E. S. P. Leong, G. Li, Y. Hou, J. Deng, J. Teng, H. C. Ong, and D. Y. Lei, “Polarization-independent multiple Fano resonances in plasmonic nonamers for multimode-matching enhanced multiband second-harmonic generation,” ACS Nano 10, 1442–1453 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lu, F.

J. Lee, M. Tymchenko, C. Argyropoulos, P. Y. Chen, F. Lu, F. Demmerle, G. Boehm, M. Amann, A. Alu, and M. A. Belkin, “Giant nonlinear response from plasmonic metasurfaces coupled to intersubband transitions,” Nature 511, 65–69 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lu, X.

B. Wang, R. Wang, R. J. Liu, X. Lu, J. Zhao, and Z. Li, “Origin of shape resonance in second-harmonic generation from metallic nanohole arrays,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2358 (2013).
[Crossref]

Maier, S. A.

H. Aouani, M. Navarrocia, M. Rahmani, T. P. H. Sidiropoulos, M. H. Hong, R. F. Oulton, and S. A. Maier, “Multiresonant broadband optical antennas as efficient tunable nanosources of second harmonic light,” Nano Lett. 12, 4997–5002 (2012).
[Crossref]

Makitalo, J.

H. Husu, R. Siikanen, J. Makitalo, J. Lehtolahti, J. Laukkanen, M. Kuittinen, and M. Kauranen, “Metamaterials with tailored nonlinear optical response,” Nano Lett. 12, 673–677 (2012).
[Crossref]

Martin, O. J. F.

J. Butet and O. J. F. Martin, “Nonlinear plasmonic nanorulers,” ACS Nano 8, 4931–4939 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Thyagarajan, J. Butet, and O. J. F. Martin, “Augmenting second harmonic generation using Fano resonances in plasmonic systems,” Nano Lett. 13, 1847–1851 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mei, T.

Meier, T.

S. Linden, F. B. P. Niesler, J. Forstner, Y. Grynko, T. Meier, and M. Wegener, “Collective effects in second-harmonic generation from split-ring-resonator arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 015502 (2012).
[Crossref]

Miano, G.

Mielczarek, W. S.

J. B. Lassiter, H. Sobhani, M. W. Knight, W. S. Mielczarek, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Designing and deconstructing the Fano lineshape in plasmonic nanoclusters,” Nano Lett. 12, 1058–1062 (2012).
[Crossref]

Minissale, S.

Moshchalkov, V.

Navarrocia, M.

H. Aouani, M. Navarrocia, M. Rahmani, T. P. H. Sidiropoulos, M. H. Hong, R. F. Oulton, and S. A. Maier, “Multiresonant broadband optical antennas as efficient tunable nanosources of second harmonic light,” Nano Lett. 12, 4997–5002 (2012).
[Crossref]

Niesler, F. B. P.

S. Linden, F. B. P. Niesler, J. Forstner, Y. Grynko, T. Meier, and M. Wegener, “Collective effects in second-harmonic generation from split-ring-resonator arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 015502 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nordlander, P.

J. B. Lassiter, H. Sobhani, M. W. Knight, W. S. Mielczarek, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Designing and deconstructing the Fano lineshape in plasmonic nanoclusters,” Nano Lett. 12, 1058–1062 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Ye, F. Wen, J. Lassiter, H. Sobhani, P. Van Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and N. Halas, “Plasmonic nanoclusters: near field properties of the Fano resonance interrogated with SERS,” Nano Lett. 12, 1660–1667 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A hybridization model for the plasmon response of complex nanostructures,” Science 302, 419–422 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ong, H. C.

S. Liu, E. S. P. Leong, G. Li, Y. Hou, J. Deng, J. Teng, H. C. Ong, and D. Y. Lei, “Polarization-independent multiple Fano resonances in plasmonic nonamers for multimode-matching enhanced multiband second-harmonic generation,” ACS Nano 10, 1442–1453 (2016).
[Crossref]

Onuta, T.

T. Onuta, M. Waegele, C. Dufort, W. L. Schaich, and B. Dragnea, “Optical field enhancement at cusps between adjacent nanoapertures,” Nano Lett. 7, 557–564 (2007).
[Crossref]

Oulton, R. F.

H. Aouani, M. Navarrocia, M. Rahmani, T. P. H. Sidiropoulos, M. H. Hong, R. F. Oulton, and S. A. Maier, “Multiresonant broadband optical antennas as efficient tunable nanosources of second harmonic light,” Nano Lett. 12, 4997–5002 (2012).
[Crossref]

Palik, E. D.

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1985).

Poutrina, E.

C. Ciraci, E. Poutrina, M. Scalora, and D. R. Smith, “Second-harmonic generation in metallic nanoparticles: clarification of the role of the surface,” Phys. Rev. B 86, 115451 (2012).
[Crossref]

Premaratne, M.

Prodan, E.

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A hybridization model for the plasmon response of complex nanostructures,” Science 302, 419–422 (2003).
[Crossref]

Radloff, C.

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A hybridization model for the plasmon response of complex nanostructures,” Science 302, 419–422 (2003).
[Crossref]

Rahmani, M.

H. Aouani, M. Navarrocia, M. Rahmani, T. P. H. Sidiropoulos, M. H. Hong, R. F. Oulton, and S. A. Maier, “Multiresonant broadband optical antennas as efficient tunable nanosources of second harmonic light,” Nano Lett. 12, 4997–5002 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rho, J.

K. O. Brien, H. Suchowski, J. Rho, A. Salandrino, B. Kante, X. Yin, and X. Zhang, “Predicting nonlinear properties of metamaterials from the linear response,” Nat. Mater. 14, 379–383 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rodrigues, S. P.

S. Lan, S. P. Rodrigues, Y. Cui, L. Kang, and W. Cai, “Electrically tunable harmonic generation of light from plasmonic structures in electrolytes,” Nano Lett. 16, 5074–5079 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rogers, C. T.

D. Krause, C. W. Teplin, and C. T. Rogers, “Optical surface second harmonic measurements of isotropic thin-film metals: gold, silver, copper, aluminum, and tantalum,” J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3626–3634 (2004).
[Crossref]

Russierantoine, I.

J. Butet, I. Russierantoine, C. Jonin, N. Lascoux, E. Benichou, and P. Brevet, “Sensing with multipolar second harmonic generation from spherical metallic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 12, 1697–1701 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Butet, J. Duboisset, G. Bachelier, I. Russierantoine, E. Benichou, C. Jonin, and P. O. Brevet, “Optical second harmonic generation of single metallic nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous medium,” Nano Lett. 10, 1717–1721 (2010).
[Crossref]

Salandrino, A.

K. O. Brien, H. Suchowski, J. Rho, A. Salandrino, B. Kante, X. Yin, and X. Zhang, “Predicting nonlinear properties of metamaterials from the linear response,” Nat. Mater. 14, 379–383 (2015).
[Crossref]

Scalora, M.

C. Ciraci, E. Poutrina, M. Scalora, and D. R. Smith, “Second-harmonic generation in metallic nanoparticles: clarification of the role of the surface,” Phys. Rev. B 86, 115451 (2012).
[Crossref]

Schaich, W. L.

T. Onuta, M. Waegele, C. Dufort, W. L. Schaich, and B. Dragnea, “Optical field enhancement at cusps between adjacent nanoapertures,” Nano Lett. 7, 557–564 (2007).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, F.

F. Schmidt, H. Ditlbacher, U. Hohenester, A. Hohenau, F. Hofer, and J. R. Krenn, “Dark plasmonic breathing modes in silver nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 12, 5780–5783 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shan, J.

J. I. Dadap, J. Shan, K. B. Eisenthal, and T. F. Heinz, “Second-harmonic Rayleigh scattering from a sphere of centrosymmetric material,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4045–4048 (1999).
[Crossref]

Shang, W.

Shen, Y. R.

Sidiropoulos, T. P. H.

H. Aouani, M. Navarrocia, M. Rahmani, T. P. H. Sidiropoulos, M. H. Hong, R. F. Oulton, and S. A. Maier, “Multiresonant broadband optical antennas as efficient tunable nanosources of second harmonic light,” Nano Lett. 12, 4997–5002 (2012).
[Crossref]

Siikanen, R.

H. Husu, R. Siikanen, J. Makitalo, J. Lehtolahti, J. Laukkanen, M. Kuittinen, and M. Kauranen, “Metamaterials with tailored nonlinear optical response,” Nano Lett. 12, 673–677 (2012).
[Crossref]

Silhanek, A.

Simonen, J.

Smisdom, N.

Smith, D. R.

C. Ciraci, E. Poutrina, M. Scalora, and D. R. Smith, “Second-harmonic generation in metallic nanoparticles: clarification of the role of the surface,” Phys. Rev. B 86, 115451 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sobhani, H.

J. Ye, F. Wen, J. Lassiter, H. Sobhani, P. Van Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and N. Halas, “Plasmonic nanoclusters: near field properties of the Fano resonance interrogated with SERS,” Nano Lett. 12, 1660–1667 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. B. Lassiter, H. Sobhani, M. W. Knight, W. S. Mielczarek, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Designing and deconstructing the Fano lineshape in plasmonic nanoclusters,” Nano Lett. 12, 1058–1062 (2012).
[Crossref]

Stockman, M.

Suchowski, H.

K. O. Brien, H. Suchowski, J. Rho, A. Salandrino, B. Kante, X. Yin, and X. Zhang, “Predicting nonlinear properties of metamaterials from the linear response,” Nat. Mater. 14, 379–383 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tang, S.

Teng, J.

S. Liu, E. S. P. Leong, G. Li, Y. Hou, J. Deng, J. Teng, H. C. Ong, and D. Y. Lei, “Polarization-independent multiple Fano resonances in plasmonic nonamers for multimode-matching enhanced multiband second-harmonic generation,” ACS Nano 10, 1442–1453 (2016).
[Crossref]

Teplin, C. W.

D. Krause, C. W. Teplin, and C. T. Rogers, “Optical surface second harmonic measurements of isotropic thin-film metals: gold, silver, copper, aluminum, and tantalum,” J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3626–3634 (2004).
[Crossref]

Thyagarajan, K.

K. Thyagarajan, J. Butet, and O. J. F. Martin, “Augmenting second harmonic generation using Fano resonances in plasmonic systems,” Nano Lett. 13, 1847–1851 (2013).
[Crossref]

Trautlein, D.

T. Hanke, G. Krauss, D. Trautlein, B. Wild, R. Bratschitsch, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Efficient nonlinear light emission of single gold optical antennas driven by few-cycle near-infrared pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 257404 (2009).
[Crossref]

Trevino, J.

Turunen, J.

B. K. Canfield, H. Husu, J. Laukkanen, B. Bai, M. Kuittinen, J. Turunen, and M. Kauranen, “Local field asymmetry drives second-harmonic generation in noncentrosymmetric nanodimers,” Nano Lett. 7, 1251–1255 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tymchenko, M.

J. Lee, M. Tymchenko, C. Argyropoulos, P. Y. Chen, F. Lu, F. Demmerle, G. Boehm, M. Amann, A. Alu, and M. A. Belkin, “Giant nonlinear response from plasmonic metasurfaces coupled to intersubband transitions,” Nature 511, 65–69 (2014).
[Crossref]

Valev, V. K.

Van Dorpe, P.

J. Ye, F. Wen, J. Lassiter, H. Sobhani, P. Van Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and N. Halas, “Plasmonic nanoclusters: near field properties of the Fano resonance interrogated with SERS,” Nano Lett. 12, 1660–1667 (2012).
[Crossref]

Verbiest, T.

Vogelgesang, R.

M. Hentschel, D. Dregely, R. Vogelgesang, H. Giessen, and N. Liu, “Plasmonic oligomers: the role of individual particles in collective behavior,” ACS Nano 5, 2042–2050 (2011).
[Crossref]

Waegele, M.

T. Onuta, M. Waegele, C. Dufort, W. L. Schaich, and B. Dragnea, “Optical field enhancement at cusps between adjacent nanoapertures,” Nano Lett. 7, 557–564 (2007).
[Crossref]

Walsh, G. F.

G. F. Walsh and L. Dal Negro, “Enhanced second harmonic generation by photonic-plasmonic Fano-type coupling in nanoplasmonic arrays,” Nano Lett. 13, 3111–3117 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Capretti, G. F. Walsh, S. Minissale, J. Trevino, C. Forestiere, G. Miano, and L. Dal Negro, “Multipolar second harmonic generation from planar arrays of Au nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 20, 15797–15806 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, B.

B. Wang, R. Wang, R. J. Liu, X. Lu, J. Zhao, and Z. Li, “Origin of shape resonance in second-harmonic generation from metallic nanohole arrays,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2358 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, R.

B. Wang, R. Wang, R. J. Liu, X. Lu, J. Zhao, and Z. Li, “Origin of shape resonance in second-harmonic generation from metallic nanohole arrays,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2358 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wegener, M.

S. Linden, F. B. P. Niesler, J. Forstner, Y. Grynko, T. Meier, and M. Wegener, “Collective effects in second-harmonic generation from split-ring-resonator arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 015502 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. W. Klein, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, and S. Linden, “Second-harmonic generation from magnetic metamaterials,” Science 313, 502–504 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wen, F.

J. Ye, F. Wen, J. Lassiter, H. Sobhani, P. Van Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and N. Halas, “Plasmonic nanoclusters: near field properties of the Fano resonance interrogated with SERS,” Nano Lett. 12, 1660–1667 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wild, B.

T. Hanke, G. Krauss, D. Trautlein, B. Wild, R. Bratschitsch, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Efficient nonlinear light emission of single gold optical antennas driven by few-cycle near-infrared pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 257404 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wu, W.

Xiao, F.

Xu, H.

Yanai, A.

A. Yanai, M. Grajower, G. M. Lerman, M. Hentschel, H. Giessen, and U. Levy, “Near- and far-field properties of plasmonic oligomers under radially and azimuthally polarized light excitation,” ACS Nano 8, 4969–4974 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ye, J.

J. Ye, F. Wen, J. Lassiter, H. Sobhani, P. Van Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and N. Halas, “Plasmonic nanoclusters: near field properties of the Fano resonance interrogated with SERS,” Nano Lett. 12, 1660–1667 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yin, X.

K. O. Brien, H. Suchowski, J. Rho, A. Salandrino, B. Kante, X. Yin, and X. Zhang, “Predicting nonlinear properties of metamaterials from the linear response,” Nat. Mater. 14, 379–383 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zayats, A. V.

M. Kauranen and A. V. Zayats, “Nonlinear plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 6, 737–748 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhan, Q.

Zhang, X.

K. O. Brien, H. Suchowski, J. Rho, A. Salandrino, B. Kante, X. Yin, and X. Zhang, “Predicting nonlinear properties of metamaterials from the linear response,” Nat. Mater. 14, 379–383 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

F. Xiao, W. Zhu, W. Shang, T. Mei, M. Premaratne, and J. Zhao, “Electrical control of second harmonic generation in a graphene-based plasmonic Fano structure,” Opt. Express 23, 3236–3244 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Wang, R. Wang, R. J. Liu, X. Lu, J. Zhao, and Z. Li, “Origin of shape resonance in second-harmonic generation from metallic nanohole arrays,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2358 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhou, L.

Zhu, W.

ACS Nano (4)

J. Butet and O. J. F. Martin, “Nonlinear plasmonic nanorulers,” ACS Nano 8, 4931–4939 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, E. S. P. Leong, G. Li, Y. Hou, J. Deng, J. Teng, H. C. Ong, and D. Y. Lei, “Polarization-independent multiple Fano resonances in plasmonic nonamers for multimode-matching enhanced multiband second-harmonic generation,” ACS Nano 10, 1442–1453 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Yanai, M. Grajower, G. M. Lerman, M. Hentschel, H. Giessen, and U. Levy, “Near- and far-field properties of plasmonic oligomers under radially and azimuthally polarized light excitation,” ACS Nano 8, 4969–4974 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Hentschel, D. Dregely, R. Vogelgesang, H. Giessen, and N. Liu, “Plasmonic oligomers: the role of individual particles in collective behavior,” ACS Nano 5, 2042–2050 (2011).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Photon. (2)

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. Krause, C. W. Teplin, and C. T. Rogers, “Optical surface second harmonic measurements of isotropic thin-film metals: gold, silver, copper, aluminum, and tantalum,” J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3626–3634 (2004).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (12)

F. Schmidt, H. Ditlbacher, U. Hohenester, A. Hohenau, F. Hofer, and J. R. Krenn, “Dark plasmonic breathing modes in silver nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 12, 5780–5783 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. B. Lassiter, H. Sobhani, M. W. Knight, W. S. Mielczarek, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Designing and deconstructing the Fano lineshape in plasmonic nanoclusters,” Nano Lett. 12, 1058–1062 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Ye, F. Wen, J. Lassiter, H. Sobhani, P. Van Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and N. Halas, “Plasmonic nanoclusters: near field properties of the Fano resonance interrogated with SERS,” Nano Lett. 12, 1660–1667 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Butet, I. Russierantoine, C. Jonin, N. Lascoux, E. Benichou, and P. Brevet, “Sensing with multipolar second harmonic generation from spherical metallic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 12, 1697–1701 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. F. Walsh and L. Dal Negro, “Enhanced second harmonic generation by photonic-plasmonic Fano-type coupling in nanoplasmonic arrays,” Nano Lett. 13, 3111–3117 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Aouani, M. Navarrocia, M. Rahmani, T. P. H. Sidiropoulos, M. H. Hong, R. F. Oulton, and S. A. Maier, “Multiresonant broadband optical antennas as efficient tunable nanosources of second harmonic light,” Nano Lett. 12, 4997–5002 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Butet, J. Duboisset, G. Bachelier, I. Russierantoine, E. Benichou, C. Jonin, and P. O. Brevet, “Optical second harmonic generation of single metallic nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous medium,” Nano Lett. 10, 1717–1721 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Onuta, M. Waegele, C. Dufort, W. L. Schaich, and B. Dragnea, “Optical field enhancement at cusps between adjacent nanoapertures,” Nano Lett. 7, 557–564 (2007).
[Crossref]

K. Thyagarajan, J. Butet, and O. J. F. Martin, “Augmenting second harmonic generation using Fano resonances in plasmonic systems,” Nano Lett. 13, 1847–1851 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. K. Canfield, H. Husu, J. Laukkanen, B. Bai, M. Kuittinen, J. Turunen, and M. Kauranen, “Local field asymmetry drives second-harmonic generation in noncentrosymmetric nanodimers,” Nano Lett. 7, 1251–1255 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. Husu, R. Siikanen, J. Makitalo, J. Lehtolahti, J. Laukkanen, M. Kuittinen, and M. Kauranen, “Metamaterials with tailored nonlinear optical response,” Nano Lett. 12, 673–677 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Lan, S. P. Rodrigues, Y. Cui, L. Kang, and W. Cai, “Electrically tunable harmonic generation of light from plasmonic structures in electrolytes,” Nano Lett. 16, 5074–5079 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nat. Mater. (1)

K. O. Brien, H. Suchowski, J. Rho, A. Salandrino, B. Kante, X. Yin, and X. Zhang, “Predicting nonlinear properties of metamaterials from the linear response,” Nat. Mater. 14, 379–383 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

M. Kauranen and A. V. Zayats, “Nonlinear plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 6, 737–748 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

J. Lee, M. Tymchenko, C. Argyropoulos, P. Y. Chen, F. Lu, F. Demmerle, G. Boehm, M. Amann, A. Alu, and M. A. Belkin, “Giant nonlinear response from plasmonic metasurfaces coupled to intersubband transitions,” Nature 511, 65–69 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

C. Ciraci, E. Poutrina, M. Scalora, and D. R. Smith, “Second-harmonic generation in metallic nanoparticles: clarification of the role of the surface,” Phys. Rev. B 86, 115451 (2012).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

T. Hanke, G. Krauss, D. Trautlein, B. Wild, R. Bratschitsch, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Efficient nonlinear light emission of single gold optical antennas driven by few-cycle near-infrared pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 257404 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Linden, F. B. P. Niesler, J. Forstner, Y. Grynko, T. Meier, and M. Wegener, “Collective effects in second-harmonic generation from split-ring-resonator arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 015502 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. I. Dadap, J. Shan, K. B. Eisenthal, and T. F. Heinz, “Second-harmonic Rayleigh scattering from a sphere of centrosymmetric material,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4045–4048 (1999).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

B. Wang, R. Wang, R. J. Liu, X. Lu, J. Zhao, and Z. Li, “Origin of shape resonance in second-harmonic generation from metallic nanohole arrays,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2358 (2013).
[Crossref]

Science (2)

M. W. Klein, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, and S. Linden, “Second-harmonic generation from magnetic metamaterials,” Science 313, 502–504 (2006).
[Crossref]

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A hybridization model for the plasmon response of complex nanostructures,” Science 302, 419–422 (2003).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, 1973).

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1985).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) Schematic view of the Ag octamer on a Si/SiO2 substrate. The geometry parameters r0, r1, g, and h are set as 100, 75, 15, and 30 nm, respectively. (b) Excitation of the octamer with tightly focused beams. Intensities and transverse polarization distributions of (c) x-polarized Gaussian beam, (d) radially and (e) azimuthally polarized beams at the focal plane. The scale bars in (c)–(e) are 200 nm.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Normalized (a) scattering and (b) absorption spectra of the octamer under excitation of x-polarized Gaussian beam. Charge distributions for (c) dark and (d) bright modes at the indicated wavelengths in (b). Intensity enhancement maps of (e) dark and (f) bright modes at the top surface of the octamer. The scale bars in (e) and (f) are 100 nm.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Normalized (a) SHG and (b) intensity enhancement spectra of the octamer illuminated by the x-polarized Gaussian beam. Normalized nonlinear polarization at the top surface of the octamer excited by the fundamental (c) dark and (d) bright modes. The scale bars in (c) and (d) are 100 nm.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Normalized scattering spectra of the octamer under excitations of (a) radially and (b) azimuthally polarized vector beams. Charge distributions of (c), (d) radial breathing modes (RBMs) and (e) azimuthally arranged dipolar mode (ADM) at the labeled wavelengths in (a) and (b), respectively. The dashed lines in (c) and (d) represent the node positions of these two modes. Intensity enhancement maps of (f), (g) two RBMs and (h) ADM at the top surface of the octamer. The scale bars in (f)–(h) are 100 nm.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a), (b) SHG spectra of the octamer normalized by the maximum value of SHG intensity produced by the x-polarized Gaussian beam. (c), (d) Intensity enhancement spectra of the octamer. Here, (a), (c) and (b), (d) are under the excitations of the radially and azimuthally polarized beams, respectively. Normalized nonlinear polarization at the top surface of the octamer excited by the fundamental (e), (f) RBMs and (g) ADM. The scale bars in (e)–(g) are 100 nm.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

EG=Exexp[(x2+y2)/w02],
Ev=J1[β(x2+y2)1/2][cosϕ(x,y)ex+sinϕ(x,y)ey].
P(r,2ω)=χ(2):E(r,ω)E(r,ω),

Metrics