Abstract

We systematically investigate the influences of the input infrared spectrum, chirp, and polarization on the emitted intense terahertz spectrum and spatial dispersion in lithium niobate via optical rectification. The terahertz yield and emission spectrum depend on both the chirp and spectrum of the input pump laser pulses. We also observe slight non-uniform spatial dispersion using a knife-edge measurement, which agrees well with the original predictions. The possible mechanism is the nonlinear distortion effect caused by high-energy laser pumping. Our study is very important and useful for developing intense terahertz systems with applications in extreme terahertz sciences and nonlinear phenomena.

© 2018 Chinese Laser Press

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    [Crossref]

2018 (2)

M. A. W. Van Loon, N. Stavrias, N. H. Le, K. L. Litvinenko, P. T. Greenland, C. R. Pidgeon, K. Saeedi, B. Redlich, G. Aeppli, and B. N. Murdin, “Giant multiphoton absorption for THz resonances in silicon hydrogenic donors,” Nat. Photonics 12, 179–184 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. J. Wu, J. L. Ma, B. L. Zhang, S. S. Chai, Z. J. Fang, C. Y. Xia, D. Y. Kong, J. G. Wang, H. Liu, C. Q. Zhu, X. Wang, C. J. Ruan, and Y. T. Li, “Highly efficient generation of 0.2  mJ terahertz pulses in lithium niobate at room temperature with sub-50  fs chirped Ti:sapphire laser pulses,” Opt. Express 26, 7107–7116 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (3)

L. Tokodi, J. Hebling, and L. Palfalvi, “Optimization of the tilted-pulse-front terahertz excitation setup containing telescope,” J. Infrared Millimeter Terahertz Waves 38, 22–32 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. C. Zhang, A. Shkurinov, and Y. Zhang, “Extreme terahertz science,” Nat. Photonics 11, 16–18 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Palfalvi, G. Toth, L. Tokodi, Z. Marton, J. A. Fulop, G. Almasi, and J. Hebling, “Numerical investigation of a scalable setup for efficient terahertz generation using a segmented tilted-pulse-front excitation,” Opt. Express 25, 29560–29573 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (7)

B. K. Ofori-Okai, P. Sivarajah, W. R. Huang, and K. A. Nelson, “THz generation using a reflective stair-step echelon,” Opt. Express 24, 5057–5068 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Palfalvi, Z. Ollmann, L. Tokodi, and J. Hebling, “Hybrid tilted-pulse-front excitation scheme for efficient generation of high-energy terahertz pulses,” Opt. Express 24, 8156–8169 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. C. Zhong, J. Li, Z. H. Zhai, L. G. Zhu, J. Li, P. W. Zhou, J. H. Zhao, and Z. R. Li, “Generation of 0.19-mJ THz pulses in LiNbO3 driven by 800-nm femtosecond laser,” Opt. Express 24, 14828–14835 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Q. Liao, Y. T. Li, Y. H. Zhang, H. Liu, X. L. Ge, S. Yang, W. Q. Wei, X. H. Yuan, Y. Q. Deng, B. J. Zhu, Z. Zhang, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, L. M. Chen, X. Lu, J. L. Ma, X. Wang, and J. Zhang, “Demonstration of coherent terahertz transition radiation from relativistic laser-solid interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 205003 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. A. Hafez, X. Chai, A. Ibrahim, S. Mondal, D. Ferachou, X. Ropagnol, and T. Ozaki, “Intense terahertz radiation and their applications,” J. Opt. 18, 093004 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Maag, A. Bayer, S. Baierl, M. Hohenleutner, T. Korn, C. Schuller, D. Schuh, D. Bougeard, C. Lange, R. Huber, M. Mootz, J. E. Sipe, S. W. Koch, and M. Kira, “Coherent cyclotron motion beyond Kohn’s theorem,” Nat. Phys. 12, 119–123 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. A. Fulop, G. Polonyi, B. Monoszlai, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, A. Pugzlys, G. Arthur, A. Baltuska, and J. Hebling, “Highly efficient scalable monolithic semiconductor terahertz pulse source,” Optica 3, 1075–1078 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

2014 (9)

F. Blanchard, X. Ropagnol, H. Hafez, H. Razavipour, M. Bolduc, R. Morandotti, T. Ozaki, and D. G. Cooke, “Effect of extreme pump pulse reshaping on intense terahertz emission in lithium niobate at multimilliJoule pump energies,” Opt. Lett. 39, 4333–4336 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. A. Fulop, Z. Ollmann, C. Lombosi, C. Skrobol, S. Klingebiel, L. Palfalvi, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, and J. Hebling, “Efficient generation of THz pulses with 0.4  mJ energy,” Opt. Express 22, 20155–20163 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Tsubouchi, K. Nagashima, F. Yoshida, Y. Ochi, and M. Maruyama, “Contact grating device with Fabry-Perot resonator for effective terahertz light generation,” Opt. Lett. 39, 5439–5442 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. I. Bakunov and S. B. Bodrov, “Terahertz generation with tilted-front laser pulses in a contact-grating scheme,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2549–2557 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Lange, T. Maag, M. Hohenleutner, S. Baierl, O. Schubert, E. R. J. Edwards, D. Bougeard, G. Woltersdorf, and R. Huber, “Extremely nonperturbative nonlinearities in GaAs driven by atomically strong terahertz fields in gold metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 227401 (2014).
[Crossref]

O. Schubert, M. Hohenleutner, F. Langer, B. Urbanek, C. Lange, U. Huttner, D. Golde, T. Meier, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle control of terahertz high-harmonic generation by dynamical Bloch oscillations,” Nat. Photonics 8, 119–123 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. N. Egodapitiya, S. Li, and R. R. Jones, “Terahertz-induced field-free orientation of rotationally excited molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 227401 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. J. Wu, S. Carbajo, K. Ravi, F. Ahr, G. Cirmi, Y. Zhou, O. D. Mucke, and F. X. Kartner, “Terahertz generation in lithium niobate driven by Ti:sapphire laser pulses and its limitations,” Opt. Lett. 39, 5403–5406 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Vicario, A. V. Ovchinnikov, S. I. Ashitkov, M. B. Agranat, V. E. Fortov, and C. P. Hauri, “Generation of 0.9-mJ THz pulses in DSTMS pumped by a Cr:Mg2SiO4 laser,” Opt. Lett. 39, 6632–6635 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

S. W. Huang, E. Granados, W. R. Huang, K. H. Hong, L. E. Zapata, and F. X. Kartner, “High conversion efficiency, high energy terahertz pulses by optical rectification in cryogenically cooled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 38, 796–798 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. B. Bodrov, A. A. Murzanev, Y. A. Sergeev, Y. A. Malkov, and A. N. Stepanov, “Terahertz generation by tilted-front laser pulses in weakly and strongly nonlinear regimes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 251103 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Kunitski, M. Richter, M. D. Thomson, A. Vredenborg, J. Wu, T. Jahnke, M. Schoffler, H. Schmidt-Bocking, H. G. Roskos, and R. Dorner, “Optimization of single-cycle terahertz generation in LiNbO3 for sub-50 femtosecond pump pulses,” Opt. Express 21, 6826–6836 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Kampfrath, K. Tanaka, and K. A. Nelson, “Resonant and nonresonant control over matter and light by intense terahertz transients,” Nat. Photonics 7, 680–690 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

M. K. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. B. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. W. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature 487, 345–348 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. A. Fulop, L. Palfalvi, S. Klingebiel, G. Almasi, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, and J. Hebling, “Generation of sub-mJ terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Opt. Lett. 37, 557–559 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1  MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 091106 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

A. G. Stepanov, S. Henin, Y. Petit, L. Bonacina, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “Mobile source of high-energy single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 101, 11–14 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. A. Fulop, L. Palfalvi, G. Almasi, and J. Hebling, “Design of high-energy terahertz sources based on optical rectification,” Opt. Express 18, 12311–12327 (2010).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

Aeppli, G.

M. A. W. Van Loon, N. Stavrias, N. H. Le, K. L. Litvinenko, P. T. Greenland, C. R. Pidgeon, K. Saeedi, B. Redlich, G. Aeppli, and B. N. Murdin, “Giant multiphoton absorption for THz resonances in silicon hydrogenic donors,” Nat. Photonics 12, 179–184 (2018).
[Crossref]

Agranat, M. B.

Ahr, F.

Almasi, G.

Andriukaitis, G.

Arthur, G.

Ashitkov, S. I.

Averitt, R. D.

M. K. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. B. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. W. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature 487, 345–348 (2012).
[Crossref]

Baierl, S.

T. Maag, A. Bayer, S. Baierl, M. Hohenleutner, T. Korn, C. Schuller, D. Schuh, D. Bougeard, C. Lange, R. Huber, M. Mootz, J. E. Sipe, S. W. Koch, and M. Kira, “Coherent cyclotron motion beyond Kohn’s theorem,” Nat. Phys. 12, 119–123 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Lange, T. Maag, M. Hohenleutner, S. Baierl, O. Schubert, E. R. J. Edwards, D. Bougeard, G. Woltersdorf, and R. Huber, “Extremely nonperturbative nonlinearities in GaAs driven by atomically strong terahertz fields in gold metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 227401 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bakunov, M. I.

Balciunas, T.

Baltuska, A.

Bayer, A.

T. Maag, A. Bayer, S. Baierl, M. Hohenleutner, T. Korn, C. Schuller, D. Schuh, D. Bougeard, C. Lange, R. Huber, M. Mootz, J. E. Sipe, S. W. Koch, and M. Kira, “Coherent cyclotron motion beyond Kohn’s theorem,” Nat. Phys. 12, 119–123 (2016).
[Crossref]

Blanchard, F.

F. Blanchard, X. Ropagnol, H. Hafez, H. Razavipour, M. Bolduc, R. Morandotti, T. Ozaki, and D. G. Cooke, “Effect of extreme pump pulse reshaping on intense terahertz emission in lithium niobate at multimilliJoule pump energies,” Opt. Lett. 39, 4333–4336 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1  MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 091106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bodrov, S. B.

M. I. Bakunov and S. B. Bodrov, “Terahertz generation with tilted-front laser pulses in a contact-grating scheme,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2549–2557 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. B. Bodrov, A. A. Murzanev, Y. A. Sergeev, Y. A. Malkov, and A. N. Stepanov, “Terahertz generation by tilted-front laser pulses in weakly and strongly nonlinear regimes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 251103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bolduc, M.

Bonacina, L.

A. G. Stepanov, S. Henin, Y. Petit, L. Bonacina, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “Mobile source of high-energy single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 101, 11–14 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bougeard, D.

T. Maag, A. Bayer, S. Baierl, M. Hohenleutner, T. Korn, C. Schuller, D. Schuh, D. Bougeard, C. Lange, R. Huber, M. Mootz, J. E. Sipe, S. W. Koch, and M. Kira, “Coherent cyclotron motion beyond Kohn’s theorem,” Nat. Phys. 12, 119–123 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Lange, T. Maag, M. Hohenleutner, S. Baierl, O. Schubert, E. R. J. Edwards, D. Bougeard, G. Woltersdorf, and R. Huber, “Extremely nonperturbative nonlinearities in GaAs driven by atomically strong terahertz fields in gold metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 227401 (2014).
[Crossref]

Carbajo, S.

Chai, S. S.

Chai, X.

H. A. Hafez, X. Chai, A. Ibrahim, S. Mondal, D. Ferachou, X. Ropagnol, and T. Ozaki, “Intense terahertz radiation and their applications,” J. Opt. 18, 093004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, L. M.

G. Q. Liao, Y. T. Li, Y. H. Zhang, H. Liu, X. L. Ge, S. Yang, W. Q. Wei, X. H. Yuan, Y. Q. Deng, B. J. Zhu, Z. Zhang, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, L. M. Chen, X. Lu, J. L. Ma, X. Wang, and J. Zhang, “Demonstration of coherent terahertz transition radiation from relativistic laser-solid interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 205003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cirmi, G.

Cooke, D. G.

Deng, Y. Q.

G. Q. Liao, Y. T. Li, Y. H. Zhang, H. Liu, X. L. Ge, S. Yang, W. Q. Wei, X. H. Yuan, Y. Q. Deng, B. J. Zhu, Z. Zhang, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, L. M. Chen, X. Lu, J. L. Ma, X. Wang, and J. Zhang, “Demonstration of coherent terahertz transition radiation from relativistic laser-solid interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 205003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Doi, A.

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1  MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 091106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Dorner, R.

Du, L. H.

Edwards, E. R. J.

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Schimpf, D. N.

Schmidt-Bocking, H.

Schoffler, M.

Schubert, O.

C. Lange, T. Maag, M. Hohenleutner, S. Baierl, O. Schubert, E. R. J. Edwards, D. Bougeard, G. Woltersdorf, and R. Huber, “Extremely nonperturbative nonlinearities in GaAs driven by atomically strong terahertz fields in gold metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 227401 (2014).
[Crossref]

O. Schubert, M. Hohenleutner, F. Langer, B. Urbanek, C. Lange, U. Huttner, D. Golde, T. Meier, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle control of terahertz high-harmonic generation by dynamical Bloch oscillations,” Nat. Photonics 8, 119–123 (2014).
[Crossref]

Schuh, D.

T. Maag, A. Bayer, S. Baierl, M. Hohenleutner, T. Korn, C. Schuller, D. Schuh, D. Bougeard, C. Lange, R. Huber, M. Mootz, J. E. Sipe, S. W. Koch, and M. Kira, “Coherent cyclotron motion beyond Kohn’s theorem,” Nat. Phys. 12, 119–123 (2016).
[Crossref]

Schuller, C.

T. Maag, A. Bayer, S. Baierl, M. Hohenleutner, T. Korn, C. Schuller, D. Schuh, D. Bougeard, C. Lange, R. Huber, M. Mootz, J. E. Sipe, S. W. Koch, and M. Kira, “Coherent cyclotron motion beyond Kohn’s theorem,” Nat. Phys. 12, 119–123 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sergeev, Y. A.

S. B. Bodrov, A. A. Murzanev, Y. A. Sergeev, Y. A. Malkov, and A. N. Stepanov, “Terahertz generation by tilted-front laser pulses in weakly and strongly nonlinear regimes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 251103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sheng, Z. M.

G. Q. Liao, Y. T. Li, Y. H. Zhang, H. Liu, X. L. Ge, S. Yang, W. Q. Wei, X. H. Yuan, Y. Q. Deng, B. J. Zhu, Z. Zhang, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, L. M. Chen, X. Lu, J. L. Ma, X. Wang, and J. Zhang, “Demonstration of coherent terahertz transition radiation from relativistic laser-solid interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 205003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shkurinov, A.

X. C. Zhang, A. Shkurinov, and Y. Zhang, “Extreme terahertz science,” Nat. Photonics 11, 16–18 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sipe, J. E.

T. Maag, A. Bayer, S. Baierl, M. Hohenleutner, T. Korn, C. Schuller, D. Schuh, D. Bougeard, C. Lange, R. Huber, M. Mootz, J. E. Sipe, S. W. Koch, and M. Kira, “Coherent cyclotron motion beyond Kohn’s theorem,” Nat. Phys. 12, 119–123 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sivarajah, P.

Skrobol, C.

Stavrias, N.

M. A. W. Van Loon, N. Stavrias, N. H. Le, K. L. Litvinenko, P. T. Greenland, C. R. Pidgeon, K. Saeedi, B. Redlich, G. Aeppli, and B. N. Murdin, “Giant multiphoton absorption for THz resonances in silicon hydrogenic donors,” Nat. Photonics 12, 179–184 (2018).
[Crossref]

Stepanov, A. G.

A. G. Stepanov, S. Henin, Y. Petit, L. Bonacina, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “Mobile source of high-energy single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 101, 11–14 (2010).
[Crossref]

Stepanov, A. N.

S. B. Bodrov, A. A. Murzanev, Y. A. Sergeev, Y. A. Malkov, and A. N. Stepanov, “Terahertz generation by tilted-front laser pulses in weakly and strongly nonlinear regimes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 251103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sternbach, A. J.

M. K. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. B. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. W. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature 487, 345–348 (2012).
[Crossref]

Strikwerda, A. C.

M. K. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. B. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. W. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature 487, 345–348 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, K.

T. Kampfrath, K. Tanaka, and K. A. Nelson, “Resonant and nonresonant control over matter and light by intense terahertz transients,” Nat. Photonics 7, 680–690 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1  MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 091106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tao, H.

M. K. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. B. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. W. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature 487, 345–348 (2012).
[Crossref]

Thomson, M. D.

Tokodi, L.

Toth, G.

Tsubouchi, M.

Urbanek, B.

O. Schubert, M. Hohenleutner, F. Langer, B. Urbanek, C. Lange, U. Huttner, D. Golde, T. Meier, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle control of terahertz high-harmonic generation by dynamical Bloch oscillations,” Nat. Photonics 8, 119–123 (2014).
[Crossref]

Van Loon, M. A. W.

M. A. W. Van Loon, N. Stavrias, N. H. Le, K. L. Litvinenko, P. T. Greenland, C. R. Pidgeon, K. Saeedi, B. Redlich, G. Aeppli, and B. N. Murdin, “Giant multiphoton absorption for THz resonances in silicon hydrogenic donors,” Nat. Photonics 12, 179–184 (2018).
[Crossref]

Vicario, C.

Vredenborg, A.

Wang, J. G.

Wang, W. M.

G. Q. Liao, Y. T. Li, Y. H. Zhang, H. Liu, X. L. Ge, S. Yang, W. Q. Wei, X. H. Yuan, Y. Q. Deng, B. J. Zhu, Z. Zhang, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, L. M. Chen, X. Lu, J. L. Ma, X. Wang, and J. Zhang, “Demonstration of coherent terahertz transition radiation from relativistic laser-solid interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 205003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

X. J. Wu, J. L. Ma, B. L. Zhang, S. S. Chai, Z. J. Fang, C. Y. Xia, D. Y. Kong, J. G. Wang, H. Liu, C. Q. Zhu, X. Wang, C. J. Ruan, and Y. T. Li, “Highly efficient generation of 0.2  mJ terahertz pulses in lithium niobate at room temperature with sub-50  fs chirped Ti:sapphire laser pulses,” Opt. Express 26, 7107–7116 (2018).
[Crossref]

G. Q. Liao, Y. T. Li, Y. H. Zhang, H. Liu, X. L. Ge, S. Yang, W. Q. Wei, X. H. Yuan, Y. Q. Deng, B. J. Zhu, Z. Zhang, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, L. M. Chen, X. Lu, J. L. Ma, X. Wang, and J. Zhang, “Demonstration of coherent terahertz transition radiation from relativistic laser-solid interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 205003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wei, W. Q.

G. Q. Liao, Y. T. Li, Y. H. Zhang, H. Liu, X. L. Ge, S. Yang, W. Q. Wei, X. H. Yuan, Y. Q. Deng, B. J. Zhu, Z. Zhang, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, L. M. Chen, X. Lu, J. L. Ma, X. Wang, and J. Zhang, “Demonstration of coherent terahertz transition radiation from relativistic laser-solid interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 205003 (2016).
[Crossref]

West, K. G.

M. K. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. B. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. W. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature 487, 345–348 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wolf, J. P.

A. G. Stepanov, S. Henin, Y. Petit, L. Bonacina, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “Mobile source of high-energy single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 101, 11–14 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wolf, S. A.

M. K. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. B. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. W. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature 487, 345–348 (2012).
[Crossref]

Woltersdorf, G.

C. Lange, T. Maag, M. Hohenleutner, S. Baierl, O. Schubert, E. R. J. Edwards, D. Bougeard, G. Woltersdorf, and R. Huber, “Extremely nonperturbative nonlinearities in GaAs driven by atomically strong terahertz fields in gold metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 227401 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wu, J.

Wu, X. J.

Xia, C. Y.

Yang, S.

G. Q. Liao, Y. T. Li, Y. H. Zhang, H. Liu, X. L. Ge, S. Yang, W. Q. Wei, X. H. Yuan, Y. Q. Deng, B. J. Zhu, Z. Zhang, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, L. M. Chen, X. Lu, J. L. Ma, X. Wang, and J. Zhang, “Demonstration of coherent terahertz transition radiation from relativistic laser-solid interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 205003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, F.

Yuan, X. H.

G. Q. Liao, Y. T. Li, Y. H. Zhang, H. Liu, X. L. Ge, S. Yang, W. Q. Wei, X. H. Yuan, Y. Q. Deng, B. J. Zhu, Z. Zhang, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, L. M. Chen, X. Lu, J. L. Ma, X. Wang, and J. Zhang, “Demonstration of coherent terahertz transition radiation from relativistic laser-solid interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 205003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zapata, L. E.

Zhai, Z. H.

Zhang, B. L.

Zhang, J.

G. Q. Liao, Y. T. Li, Y. H. Zhang, H. Liu, X. L. Ge, S. Yang, W. Q. Wei, X. H. Yuan, Y. Q. Deng, B. J. Zhu, Z. Zhang, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, L. M. Chen, X. Lu, J. L. Ma, X. Wang, and J. Zhang, “Demonstration of coherent terahertz transition radiation from relativistic laser-solid interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 205003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

M. K. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. B. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. W. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature 487, 345–348 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X. C.

X. C. Zhang, A. Shkurinov, and Y. Zhang, “Extreme terahertz science,” Nat. Photonics 11, 16–18 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

X. C. Zhang, A. Shkurinov, and Y. Zhang, “Extreme terahertz science,” Nat. Photonics 11, 16–18 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y. H.

G. Q. Liao, Y. T. Li, Y. H. Zhang, H. Liu, X. L. Ge, S. Yang, W. Q. Wei, X. H. Yuan, Y. Q. Deng, B. J. Zhu, Z. Zhang, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, L. M. Chen, X. Lu, J. L. Ma, X. Wang, and J. Zhang, “Demonstration of coherent terahertz transition radiation from relativistic laser-solid interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 205003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z.

G. Q. Liao, Y. T. Li, Y. H. Zhang, H. Liu, X. L. Ge, S. Yang, W. Q. Wei, X. H. Yuan, Y. Q. Deng, B. J. Zhu, Z. Zhang, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, L. M. Chen, X. Lu, J. L. Ma, X. Wang, and J. Zhang, “Demonstration of coherent terahertz transition radiation from relativistic laser-solid interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 205003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J. H.

Zhong, S. C.

Zhou, P. W.

Zhou, Y.

Zhu, B. J.

G. Q. Liao, Y. T. Li, Y. H. Zhang, H. Liu, X. L. Ge, S. Yang, W. Q. Wei, X. H. Yuan, Y. Q. Deng, B. J. Zhu, Z. Zhang, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, L. M. Chen, X. Lu, J. L. Ma, X. Wang, and J. Zhang, “Demonstration of coherent terahertz transition radiation from relativistic laser-solid interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 205003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhu, C. Q.

Zhu, L. G.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

A. G. Stepanov, S. Henin, Y. Petit, L. Bonacina, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “Mobile source of high-energy single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 101, 11–14 (2010).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. B. Bodrov, A. A. Murzanev, Y. A. Sergeev, Y. A. Malkov, and A. N. Stepanov, “Terahertz generation by tilted-front laser pulses in weakly and strongly nonlinear regimes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 251103 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1  MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 091106 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Infrared Millimeter Terahertz Waves (1)

L. Tokodi, J. Hebling, and L. Palfalvi, “Optimization of the tilted-pulse-front terahertz excitation setup containing telescope,” J. Infrared Millimeter Terahertz Waves 38, 22–32 (2017).
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J. Opt. (1)

H. A. Hafez, X. Chai, A. Ibrahim, S. Mondal, D. Ferachou, X. Ropagnol, and T. Ozaki, “Intense terahertz radiation and their applications,” J. Opt. 18, 093004 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Photonics (4)

X. C. Zhang, A. Shkurinov, and Y. Zhang, “Extreme terahertz science,” Nat. Photonics 11, 16–18 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Kampfrath, K. Tanaka, and K. A. Nelson, “Resonant and nonresonant control over matter and light by intense terahertz transients,” Nat. Photonics 7, 680–690 (2013).
[Crossref]

O. Schubert, M. Hohenleutner, F. Langer, B. Urbanek, C. Lange, U. Huttner, D. Golde, T. Meier, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle control of terahertz high-harmonic generation by dynamical Bloch oscillations,” Nat. Photonics 8, 119–123 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. A. W. Van Loon, N. Stavrias, N. H. Le, K. L. Litvinenko, P. T. Greenland, C. R. Pidgeon, K. Saeedi, B. Redlich, G. Aeppli, and B. N. Murdin, “Giant multiphoton absorption for THz resonances in silicon hydrogenic donors,” Nat. Photonics 12, 179–184 (2018).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (1)

T. Maag, A. Bayer, S. Baierl, M. Hohenleutner, T. Korn, C. Schuller, D. Schuh, D. Bougeard, C. Lange, R. Huber, M. Mootz, J. E. Sipe, S. W. Koch, and M. Kira, “Coherent cyclotron motion beyond Kohn’s theorem,” Nat. Phys. 12, 119–123 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

M. K. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. B. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. W. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature 487, 345–348 (2012).
[Crossref]

New J. Phys. (1)

C. Lombosi, G. Polonyi, M. Mechler, Z. Ollmann, J. Hebling, and J. A. Fulop, “Nonlinear distortion of intense THz beams,” New J. Phys. 17, 083041 (2015).
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Opt. Express (11)

J. A. Fulop, L. Palfalvi, G. Almasi, and J. Hebling, “Design of high-energy terahertz sources based on optical rectification,” Opt. Express 18, 12311–12327 (2010).
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J. A. Fulop, Z. Ollmann, C. Lombosi, C. Skrobol, S. Klingebiel, L. Palfalvi, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, and J. Hebling, “Efficient generation of THz pulses with 0.4  mJ energy,” Opt. Express 22, 20155–20163 (2014).
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S. C. Zhong, Z. H. Zhai, J. Li, L. G. Zhu, J. Li, K. Meng, Q. Liu, L. H. Du, J. H. Zhao, and Z. R. Li, “Optimization of terahertz generation from LiNbO3 under intense laser excitation with the effect of three-photon absorption,” Opt. Express 23, 31313–31323 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Kunitski, M. Richter, M. D. Thomson, A. Vredenborg, J. Wu, T. Jahnke, M. Schoffler, H. Schmidt-Bocking, H. G. Roskos, and R. Dorner, “Optimization of single-cycle terahertz generation in LiNbO3 for sub-50 femtosecond pump pulses,” Opt. Express 21, 6826–6836 (2013).
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J. Hebling, G. Almasi, I. Z. Kozma, and J. Kuhl, “Velocity matching by pulse front tilting for large-area THz-pulse generation,” Opt. Express 10, 1161–1166 (2002).
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X. J. Wu, J. L. Ma, B. L. Zhang, S. S. Chai, Z. J. Fang, C. Y. Xia, D. Y. Kong, J. G. Wang, H. Liu, C. Q. Zhu, X. Wang, C. J. Ruan, and Y. T. Li, “Highly efficient generation of 0.2  mJ terahertz pulses in lithium niobate at room temperature with sub-50  fs chirped Ti:sapphire laser pulses,” Opt. Express 26, 7107–7116 (2018).
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L. Palfalvi, G. Toth, L. Tokodi, Z. Marton, J. A. Fulop, G. Almasi, and J. Hebling, “Numerical investigation of a scalable setup for efficient terahertz generation using a segmented tilted-pulse-front excitation,” Opt. Express 25, 29560–29573 (2017).
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B. K. Ofori-Okai, P. Sivarajah, W. R. Huang, and K. A. Nelson, “THz generation using a reflective stair-step echelon,” Opt. Express 24, 5057–5068 (2016).
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L. Palfalvi, Z. Ollmann, L. Tokodi, and J. Hebling, “Hybrid tilted-pulse-front excitation scheme for efficient generation of high-energy terahertz pulses,” Opt. Express 24, 8156–8169 (2016).
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S. C. Zhong, J. Li, Z. H. Zhai, L. G. Zhu, J. Li, P. W. Zhou, J. H. Zhao, and Z. R. Li, “Generation of 0.19-mJ THz pulses in LiNbO3 driven by 800-nm femtosecond laser,” Opt. Express 24, 14828–14835 (2016).
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K. Ravi, W. R. Huang, S. Carbajo, E. A. Nanni, D. N. Schimpf, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kartner, “Theory of terahertz generation by optical rectification using tilted-pulse-fronts,” Opt. Express 23, 5253–5276 (2015).
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Opt. Lett. (6)

Optica (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

G. Q. Liao, Y. T. Li, Y. H. Zhang, H. Liu, X. L. Ge, S. Yang, W. Q. Wei, X. H. Yuan, Y. Q. Deng, B. J. Zhu, Z. Zhang, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, L. M. Chen, X. Lu, J. L. Ma, X. Wang, and J. Zhang, “Demonstration of coherent terahertz transition radiation from relativistic laser-solid interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 205003 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. N. Egodapitiya, S. Li, and R. R. Jones, “Terahertz-induced field-free orientation of rotationally excited molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 227401 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Lange, T. Maag, M. Hohenleutner, S. Baierl, O. Schubert, E. R. J. Edwards, D. Bougeard, G. Woltersdorf, and R. Huber, “Extremely nonperturbative nonlinearities in GaAs driven by atomically strong terahertz fields in gold metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 227401 (2014).
[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) Experimental setup for systematic characterization of the terahertz emission spectrum depends on the pump polarization, the emission position, as well as the input spectrum. The grating density is of 1500 lines/mm. The focal length of the imaging lens between the grating is 85 mm; HWP, half wave plate; SC, sheet copper; LN, lithium niobate crystal; OAP, 90° off-axis parabolic mirror; 1/4 WP, quarter-wave plate. (b) Photo of the lithium niobate crystal used in our experiment as well as its axis illustration.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) Normalized infrared (IR) input spectra for different GVD, and (b) their corresponding output terahertz spectra. (c) The detected terahertz signal as a function of the different GVD values of the pump pulses; (d) terahertz bandwidth and terahertz central frequency as functions of GVD values of the pump pulses; (e) calculated chirped pulse duration as a function of the different GVD values of the pump pulses.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Normalized output terahertz spectra for different rotation angles of the IR polarizer between the grating and the imaging lens. Zero degree means the pump laser is vertically polarized in the laboratory coordinate. (b) Normalized terahertz output spectra for the typical complementary angles, respectively. (c) Polarization angle dependence of the terahertz central frequency and spectral width. (d) Recorded terahertz signal as a function of the rotation angle of the IR polarizer.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) Terahertz signal as a function of the knife-edge position. (b) Detected terahertz temporal waveforms in knife-edge measurement directly recorded after the crystal emission plane, and (c) their corresponding normalized Fourier transform spectra.

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