Abstract

We introduce a family of slot photonic crystal waveguides (SPhCWs) for the hybrid integration of low-index active materials in silicon photonics with energy-confinement factors of 30% in low-index regions. The proposed approach, which is based on a periodic indentation of the etched slot in the middle of the SPhCW, makes it possible to reconcile a simultaneously narrow and wide slot for exploiting the two modes of even symmetry of a SPhCW. The resulting mode-selection mechanism allows a flexible choice of the modes to be used. Furthermore, the proposed structure offers tremendous flexibility for adjusting the dispersive properties of the slot-confined modes, in particular of their slow-light effects. Flat band slow light in a bandwidth of about 60 nm with a group velocity dispersion factor |β2| below 1  ps2/mm is numerically demonstrated by this approach, corresponding to a normalized delay bandwidth product of around 0.4. These results, obtained from hollow-core periodic waveguides that are directly designed in view of hybrid integration of active materials in mechanically robust structures (not based on free-standing membranes) could pave the way for the realization of on-chip slow-light bio-sensing, active hybrid-silicon optoelectronic devices, or all-optical hybrid-silicon nonlinear functionalities.

© 2017 Chinese Laser Press

Full Article  |  PDF Article
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References

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2017 (1)

E. Timurdogan, C. V. Poulton, M. J. Byrd, and M. R. Watts, “Electric field-induced second-order nonlinear optical effects in silicon waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 11, 200–206 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (3)

M. Zhang, W. Zhang, F. Wang, D. Zhao, C. Qu, X. Wang, Y. Yi, E. Cassan, and D. Zhang, “High-gain polymer optical waveguide amplifiers based on core-shell NaYF4/NaLuF4: Yb3+, Er3+ NPs-PMMA covalent-linking nanocomposites,” Sci. Rep. 6, 36729 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Serna, W. Zhang, P. Colman, X. Le Roux, J. R. Coudevylle, L. Vivien, and E. Cassan, “Experimental investigation of top cladding on properties of silicon slotted photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 305–311 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Serna, P. Colman, W. Zhang, X. Le Roux, C. Caer, L. Vivien, and E. Cassan, “Experimental GVD engineering in slow light slot photonic crystal waveguides,” Sci. Rep. 6, 26956 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

2014 (3)

D. Marris-Morini, L. Virot, C. Baudot, J.-M. Fédéli, G. Rasigade, D. Perez-Galacho, J.-M. Hartmann, S. Olivier, P. Brindel, P. Crozat, F. Bœuf, and L. Vivien, “A 40  Gbit/s optical link on a 300-mm silicon platform,” Opt. Express 22, 6674–6679 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, J. Kakande, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, D. J. Richardson, and R. Slavík, “Modulator-free quadrature amplitude modulation signal synthesis,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5911 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Virot, P. Crozat, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, F. Boeuf, and L. Vivien, “Germanium avalanche receiver for low power interconnects,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4957 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

2012 (3)

2011 (1)

C. Caer, X. Le Roux, V. K. Do, D. Marris-Morini, N. Izard, L. Vivien, D. Gao, and E. Cassan, “Dispersion engineering of wide slot photonic crystal waveguides by Bragg-like corrugation of the slot,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1298–1300 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (5)

2009 (1)

C. A. Barrios, “Optical slot-waveguide based biochemical sensors,” Sensors 9, 4751–4765 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

A. Di Falco, L. O’Faolain, and T. F. Krauss, “Dispersion control and slow light in slotted photonic crystal waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 083501 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Bernier, X. Le Roux, A. Lupu, D. Marris-Morini, L. Vivien, and E. Cassan, “Compact, low cross-talk CWDM demultiplexer using photonic crystal superprism,” Opt. Express 16, 17209–17214 (2008).
[Crossref]

T. Baba, “Slow light in photonic crystals,” Nat. Photonics 2, 465–473 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

T. Krauss, “Slow light in photonic crystal waveguides,” J. Phys. D 40, 2666–2670 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2001 (1)

Agazzi, L.

Alonso-Ramos, C.

Anderson, P. A.

Ay, F.

Baba, T.

T. Baba, “Slow light in photonic crystals,” Nat. Photonics 2, 465–473 (2008).
[Crossref]

Baets, R.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergg, K. De Vos, S. K. Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bientsman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonators,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Agazzi, J. D. B. Bradley, M. Dijkstra, F. Ay, G. Roelkens, R. Baets, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Monolithic integration of erbium-doped amplifiers with silicon-on-insulator waveguides,” Opt. Express 18, 27703–27711 (2010).
[Crossref]

Barrios, C. A.

C. A. Barrios, “Optical slot-waveguide based biochemical sensors,” Sensors 9, 4751–4765 (2009).
[Crossref]

Baudot, C.

Bernier, D.

Bientsman, P.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergg, K. De Vos, S. K. Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bientsman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonators,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

Boeuf, F.

L. Virot, P. Crozat, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, F. Boeuf, and L. Vivien, “Germanium avalanche receiver for low power interconnects,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4957 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bœuf, F.

Bogaerts, W.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergg, K. De Vos, S. K. Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bientsman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonators,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bradley, J. D. B.

Brindel, P.

Byrd, M. J.

E. Timurdogan, C. V. Poulton, M. J. Byrd, and M. R. Watts, “Electric field-induced second-order nonlinear optical effects in silicon waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 11, 200–206 (2017).
[Crossref]

Caer, C.

S. Serna, P. Colman, W. Zhang, X. Le Roux, C. Caer, L. Vivien, and E. Cassan, “Experimental GVD engineering in slow light slot photonic crystal waveguides,” Sci. Rep. 6, 26956 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Caer, X. Le Roux, and E. Cassan, “Enhanced localization of light in slow wave slot photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 37, 3660–3662 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Caer, X. Le Roux, V. K. Do, D. Marris-Morini, N. Izard, L. Vivien, D. Gao, and E. Cassan, “Dispersion engineering of wide slot photonic crystal waveguides by Bragg-like corrugation of the slot,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1298–1300 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cassan, E.

S. Serna, W. Zhang, P. Colman, X. Le Roux, J. R. Coudevylle, L. Vivien, and E. Cassan, “Experimental investigation of top cladding on properties of silicon slotted photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 305–311 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Serna, P. Colman, W. Zhang, X. Le Roux, C. Caer, L. Vivien, and E. Cassan, “Experimental GVD engineering in slow light slot photonic crystal waveguides,” Sci. Rep. 6, 26956 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Zhang, W. Zhang, F. Wang, D. Zhao, C. Qu, X. Wang, Y. Yi, E. Cassan, and D. Zhang, “High-gain polymer optical waveguide amplifiers based on core-shell NaYF4/NaLuF4: Yb3+, Er3+ NPs-PMMA covalent-linking nanocomposites,” Sci. Rep. 6, 36729 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, S. Serna, X. Le Roux, C. Alonso-Ramos, L. Vivien, and E. Cassan, “Analysis of silicon-on-insulator slot waveguide ring resonators targeting high Q-factors,” Opt. Lett. 40, 5566–5569 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Virot, P. Crozat, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, F. Boeuf, and L. Vivien, “Germanium avalanche receiver for low power interconnects,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4957 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Caer, X. Le Roux, and E. Cassan, “Enhanced localization of light in slow wave slot photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 37, 3660–3662 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Caer, X. Le Roux, V. K. Do, D. Marris-Morini, N. Izard, L. Vivien, D. Gao, and E. Cassan, “Dispersion engineering of wide slot photonic crystal waveguides by Bragg-like corrugation of the slot,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1298–1300 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Hao, E. Cassan, H. Kurt, J. Hou, X. Le Roux, D. Marris-Morini, L. Vivien, D. Gao, Z. Zhou, and X. Zhang, “Novel kind of semislow light photonic crystal waveguides with large delay-bandwidth product,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 844–846 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. Gaufrès, N. Izard, X. Le Roux, S. Kazaoui, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, and L. Vivien, “Optical microcavity with semiconducting single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 18, 5740–5745 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Hao, E. Cassan, X. Le Roux, D. Gao, V. K. Do, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, and X. Zhang, “Improvement of delay-bandwidth product in photonic crystal slow-light waveguides,” Opt. Express 18, 16309–16319 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Bernier, X. Le Roux, A. Lupu, D. Marris-Morini, L. Vivien, and E. Cassan, “Compact, low cross-talk CWDM demultiplexer using photonic crystal superprism,” Opt. Express 16, 17209–17214 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chakravarty, S.

Chen, R. T.

Claes, T.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergg, K. De Vos, S. K. Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bientsman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonators,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

Colman, P.

S. Serna, P. Colman, W. Zhang, X. Le Roux, C. Caer, L. Vivien, and E. Cassan, “Experimental GVD engineering in slow light slot photonic crystal waveguides,” Sci. Rep. 6, 26956 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Serna, W. Zhang, P. Colman, X. Le Roux, J. R. Coudevylle, L. Vivien, and E. Cassan, “Experimental investigation of top cladding on properties of silicon slotted photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 305–311 (2016).
[Crossref]

Coudevylle, J. R.

S. Serna, W. Zhang, P. Colman, X. Le Roux, J. R. Coudevylle, L. Vivien, and E. Cassan, “Experimental investigation of top cladding on properties of silicon slotted photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 305–311 (2016).
[Crossref]

Crozat, P.

L. Virot, P. Crozat, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, F. Boeuf, and L. Vivien, “Germanium avalanche receiver for low power interconnects,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4957 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Marris-Morini, L. Virot, C. Baudot, J.-M. Fédéli, G. Rasigade, D. Perez-Galacho, J.-M. Hartmann, S. Olivier, P. Brindel, P. Crozat, F. Bœuf, and L. Vivien, “A 40  Gbit/s optical link on a 300-mm silicon platform,” Opt. Express 22, 6674–6679 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cui, Y.

Cunningham, J. E.

De Heyn, P.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergg, K. De Vos, S. K. Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bientsman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonators,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

De Vos, K.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergg, K. De Vos, S. K. Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bientsman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonators,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

Di Falco, A.

A. Di Falco, L. O’Faolain, and T. F. Krauss, “Dispersion control and slow light in slotted photonic crystal waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 083501 (2008).
[Crossref]

Dijkstra, M.

Do, V. K.

C. Caer, X. Le Roux, V. K. Do, D. Marris-Morini, N. Izard, L. Vivien, D. Gao, and E. Cassan, “Dispersion engineering of wide slot photonic crystal waveguides by Bragg-like corrugation of the slot,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1298–1300 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Hao, E. Cassan, X. Le Roux, D. Gao, V. K. Do, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, and X. Zhang, “Improvement of delay-bandwidth product in photonic crystal slow-light waveguides,” Opt. Express 18, 16309–16319 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dumon, P.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergg, K. De Vos, S. K. Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bientsman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonators,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fédéli, J.-M.

L. Virot, P. Crozat, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, F. Boeuf, and L. Vivien, “Germanium avalanche receiver for low power interconnects,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4957 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Marris-Morini, L. Virot, C. Baudot, J.-M. Fédéli, G. Rasigade, D. Perez-Galacho, J.-M. Hartmann, S. Olivier, P. Brindel, P. Crozat, F. Bœuf, and L. Vivien, “A 40  Gbit/s optical link on a 300-mm silicon platform,” Opt. Express 22, 6674–6679 (2014).
[Crossref]

Freude, W.

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 4, 535–544 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gao, D.

C. Caer, X. Le Roux, V. K. Do, D. Marris-Morini, N. Izard, L. Vivien, D. Gao, and E. Cassan, “Dispersion engineering of wide slot photonic crystal waveguides by Bragg-like corrugation of the slot,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1298–1300 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Hao, E. Cassan, H. Kurt, J. Hou, X. Le Roux, D. Marris-Morini, L. Vivien, D. Gao, Z. Zhou, and X. Zhang, “Novel kind of semislow light photonic crystal waveguides with large delay-bandwidth product,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 844–846 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Hao, E. Cassan, X. Le Roux, D. Gao, V. K. Do, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, and X. Zhang, “Improvement of delay-bandwidth product in photonic crystal slow-light waveguides,” Opt. Express 18, 16309–16319 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gaufrès, E.

Gosciniak, J.

Hao, R.

R. Hao, E. Cassan, X. Le Roux, D. Gao, V. K. Do, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, and X. Zhang, “Improvement of delay-bandwidth product in photonic crystal slow-light waveguides,” Opt. Express 18, 16309–16319 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Hao, E. Cassan, H. Kurt, J. Hou, X. Le Roux, D. Marris-Morini, L. Vivien, D. Gao, Z. Zhou, and X. Zhang, “Novel kind of semislow light photonic crystal waveguides with large delay-bandwidth product,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 844–846 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hartmann, J.-M.

L. Virot, P. Crozat, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, F. Boeuf, and L. Vivien, “Germanium avalanche receiver for low power interconnects,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4957 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Marris-Morini, L. Virot, C. Baudot, J.-M. Fédéli, G. Rasigade, D. Perez-Galacho, J.-M. Hartmann, S. Olivier, P. Brindel, P. Crozat, F. Bœuf, and L. Vivien, “A 40  Gbit/s optical link on a 300-mm silicon platform,” Opt. Express 22, 6674–6679 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hosseini, A.

Hou, J.

R. Hao, E. Cassan, H. Kurt, J. Hou, X. Le Roux, D. Marris-Morini, L. Vivien, D. Gao, Z. Zhou, and X. Zhang, “Novel kind of semislow light photonic crystal waveguides with large delay-bandwidth product,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 844–846 (2010).
[Crossref]

Izard, N.

C. Caer, X. Le Roux, V. K. Do, D. Marris-Morini, N. Izard, L. Vivien, D. Gao, and E. Cassan, “Dispersion engineering of wide slot photonic crystal waveguides by Bragg-like corrugation of the slot,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1298–1300 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. Gaufrès, N. Izard, X. Le Roux, S. Kazaoui, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, and L. Vivien, “Optical microcavity with semiconducting single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 18, 5740–5745 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jen, A. K. Y.

Ji, W.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

Johnson, S. G.

Kakande, J.

Z. Liu, J. Kakande, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, D. J. Richardson, and R. Slavík, “Modulator-free quadrature amplitude modulation signal synthesis,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5911 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kazaoui, S.

Kelly, B.

Z. Liu, J. Kakande, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, D. J. Richardson, and R. Slavík, “Modulator-free quadrature amplitude modulation signal synthesis,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5911 (2014).
[Crossref]

Koos, C.

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 4, 535–544 (2010).
[Crossref]

Krauss, T.

T. Krauss, “Slow light in photonic crystal waveguides,” J. Phys. D 40, 2666–2670 (2007).
[Crossref]

Krauss, T. F.

A. Di Falco, L. O’Faolain, and T. F. Krauss, “Dispersion control and slow light in slotted photonic crystal waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 083501 (2008).
[Crossref]

Krishnamoorthy, A. V.

Kurt, H.

R. Hao, E. Cassan, H. Kurt, J. Hou, X. Le Roux, D. Marris-Morini, L. Vivien, D. Gao, Z. Zhou, and X. Zhang, “Novel kind of semislow light photonic crystal waveguides with large delay-bandwidth product,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 844–846 (2010).
[Crossref]

Le Roux, X.

S. Serna, W. Zhang, P. Colman, X. Le Roux, J. R. Coudevylle, L. Vivien, and E. Cassan, “Experimental investigation of top cladding on properties of silicon slotted photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 305–311 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Serna, P. Colman, W. Zhang, X. Le Roux, C. Caer, L. Vivien, and E. Cassan, “Experimental GVD engineering in slow light slot photonic crystal waveguides,” Sci. Rep. 6, 26956 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, S. Serna, X. Le Roux, C. Alonso-Ramos, L. Vivien, and E. Cassan, “Analysis of silicon-on-insulator slot waveguide ring resonators targeting high Q-factors,” Opt. Lett. 40, 5566–5569 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Caer, X. Le Roux, and E. Cassan, “Enhanced localization of light in slow wave slot photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 37, 3660–3662 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Caer, X. Le Roux, V. K. Do, D. Marris-Morini, N. Izard, L. Vivien, D. Gao, and E. Cassan, “Dispersion engineering of wide slot photonic crystal waveguides by Bragg-like corrugation of the slot,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1298–1300 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Hao, E. Cassan, H. Kurt, J. Hou, X. Le Roux, D. Marris-Morini, L. Vivien, D. Gao, Z. Zhou, and X. Zhang, “Novel kind of semislow light photonic crystal waveguides with large delay-bandwidth product,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 844–846 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. Gaufrès, N. Izard, X. Le Roux, S. Kazaoui, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, and L. Vivien, “Optical microcavity with semiconducting single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 18, 5740–5745 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Hao, E. Cassan, X. Le Roux, D. Gao, V. K. Do, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, and X. Zhang, “Improvement of delay-bandwidth product in photonic crystal slow-light waveguides,” Opt. Express 18, 16309–16319 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Bernier, X. Le Roux, A. Lupu, D. Marris-Morini, L. Vivien, and E. Cassan, “Compact, low cross-talk CWDM demultiplexer using photonic crystal superprism,” Opt. Express 16, 17209–17214 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lee, J.-H.

Leuthold, J.

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 4, 535–544 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, G.

Lipson, M.

Liu, Z.

Z. Liu, J. Kakande, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, D. J. Richardson, and R. Slavík, “Modulator-free quadrature amplitude modulation signal synthesis,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5911 (2014).
[Crossref]

Luo, J.

Luo, Y.

Lupu, A.

Marris-Morini, D.

L. Virot, P. Crozat, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, F. Boeuf, and L. Vivien, “Germanium avalanche receiver for low power interconnects,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4957 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Marris-Morini, L. Virot, C. Baudot, J.-M. Fédéli, G. Rasigade, D. Perez-Galacho, J.-M. Hartmann, S. Olivier, P. Brindel, P. Crozat, F. Bœuf, and L. Vivien, “A 40  Gbit/s optical link on a 300-mm silicon platform,” Opt. Express 22, 6674–6679 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Caer, X. Le Roux, V. K. Do, D. Marris-Morini, N. Izard, L. Vivien, D. Gao, and E. Cassan, “Dispersion engineering of wide slot photonic crystal waveguides by Bragg-like corrugation of the slot,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1298–1300 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Hao, E. Cassan, H. Kurt, J. Hou, X. Le Roux, D. Marris-Morini, L. Vivien, D. Gao, Z. Zhou, and X. Zhang, “Novel kind of semislow light photonic crystal waveguides with large delay-bandwidth product,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 844–846 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. Gaufrès, N. Izard, X. Le Roux, S. Kazaoui, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, and L. Vivien, “Optical microcavity with semiconducting single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 18, 5740–5745 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Hao, E. Cassan, X. Le Roux, D. Gao, V. K. Do, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, and X. Zhang, “Improvement of delay-bandwidth product in photonic crystal slow-light waveguides,” Opt. Express 18, 16309–16319 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Bernier, X. Le Roux, A. Lupu, D. Marris-Morini, L. Vivien, and E. Cassan, “Compact, low cross-talk CWDM demultiplexer using photonic crystal superprism,” Opt. Express 16, 17209–17214 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mekis, A.

O’Carroll, J.

Z. Liu, J. Kakande, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, D. J. Richardson, and R. Slavík, “Modulator-free quadrature amplitude modulation signal synthesis,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5911 (2014).
[Crossref]

O’Faolain, L.

A. Di Falco, L. O’Faolain, and T. F. Krauss, “Dispersion control and slow light in slotted photonic crystal waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 083501 (2008).
[Crossref]

Olivier, S.

Pavesi, L.

L. Vivien and L. Pavesi, Handbook of Silicon Photonics (CRC Press, 2013).

Perez-Galacho, D.

Phelan, R.

Z. Liu, J. Kakande, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, D. J. Richardson, and R. Slavík, “Modulator-free quadrature amplitude modulation signal synthesis,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5911 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pollnau, M.

Poulton, C. V.

E. Timurdogan, C. V. Poulton, M. J. Byrd, and M. R. Watts, “Electric field-induced second-order nonlinear optical effects in silicon waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 11, 200–206 (2017).
[Crossref]

Qian, G.

Qu, C.

M. Zhang, W. Zhang, F. Wang, D. Zhao, C. Qu, X. Wang, Y. Yi, E. Cassan, and D. Zhang, “High-gain polymer optical waveguide amplifiers based on core-shell NaYF4/NaLuF4: Yb3+, Er3+ NPs-PMMA covalent-linking nanocomposites,” Sci. Rep. 6, 36729 (2016).
[Crossref]

Raj, K.

Rasigade, G.

Richardson, D. J.

Z. Liu, J. Kakande, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, D. J. Richardson, and R. Slavík, “Modulator-free quadrature amplitude modulation signal synthesis,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5911 (2014).
[Crossref]

Roelkens, G.

Schmidt, B. S.

Selvaraja, S. K.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergg, K. De Vos, S. K. Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bientsman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonators,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

Serna, S.

S. Serna, P. Colman, W. Zhang, X. Le Roux, C. Caer, L. Vivien, and E. Cassan, “Experimental GVD engineering in slow light slot photonic crystal waveguides,” Sci. Rep. 6, 26956 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Serna, W. Zhang, P. Colman, X. Le Roux, J. R. Coudevylle, L. Vivien, and E. Cassan, “Experimental investigation of top cladding on properties of silicon slotted photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 305–311 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, S. Serna, X. Le Roux, C. Alonso-Ramos, L. Vivien, and E. Cassan, “Analysis of silicon-on-insulator slot waveguide ring resonators targeting high Q-factors,” Opt. Lett. 40, 5566–5569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shubin, I.

Slavík, R.

Z. Liu, J. Kakande, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, D. J. Richardson, and R. Slavík, “Modulator-free quadrature amplitude modulation signal synthesis,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5911 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tan, D. T. H.

Thacker, H.

Timurdogan, E.

E. Timurdogan, C. V. Poulton, M. J. Byrd, and M. R. Watts, “Electric field-induced second-order nonlinear optical effects in silicon waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 11, 200–206 (2017).
[Crossref]

Van Thourhout, D.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergg, K. De Vos, S. K. Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bientsman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonators,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

Van Vaerenbergg, T.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergg, K. De Vos, S. K. Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bientsman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonators,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

Venkatram, N.

Virot, L.

L. Virot, P. Crozat, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, F. Boeuf, and L. Vivien, “Germanium avalanche receiver for low power interconnects,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4957 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Marris-Morini, L. Virot, C. Baudot, J.-M. Fédéli, G. Rasigade, D. Perez-Galacho, J.-M. Hartmann, S. Olivier, P. Brindel, P. Crozat, F. Bœuf, and L. Vivien, “A 40  Gbit/s optical link on a 300-mm silicon platform,” Opt. Express 22, 6674–6679 (2014).
[Crossref]

Vivien, L.

S. Serna, P. Colman, W. Zhang, X. Le Roux, C. Caer, L. Vivien, and E. Cassan, “Experimental GVD engineering in slow light slot photonic crystal waveguides,” Sci. Rep. 6, 26956 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Serna, W. Zhang, P. Colman, X. Le Roux, J. R. Coudevylle, L. Vivien, and E. Cassan, “Experimental investigation of top cladding on properties of silicon slotted photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 305–311 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, S. Serna, X. Le Roux, C. Alonso-Ramos, L. Vivien, and E. Cassan, “Analysis of silicon-on-insulator slot waveguide ring resonators targeting high Q-factors,” Opt. Lett. 40, 5566–5569 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Marris-Morini, L. Virot, C. Baudot, J.-M. Fédéli, G. Rasigade, D. Perez-Galacho, J.-M. Hartmann, S. Olivier, P. Brindel, P. Crozat, F. Bœuf, and L. Vivien, “A 40  Gbit/s optical link on a 300-mm silicon platform,” Opt. Express 22, 6674–6679 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Virot, P. Crozat, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, F. Boeuf, and L. Vivien, “Germanium avalanche receiver for low power interconnects,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4957 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Caer, X. Le Roux, V. K. Do, D. Marris-Morini, N. Izard, L. Vivien, D. Gao, and E. Cassan, “Dispersion engineering of wide slot photonic crystal waveguides by Bragg-like corrugation of the slot,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1298–1300 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. Gaufrès, N. Izard, X. Le Roux, S. Kazaoui, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, and L. Vivien, “Optical microcavity with semiconducting single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 18, 5740–5745 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Hao, E. Cassan, X. Le Roux, D. Gao, V. K. Do, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, and X. Zhang, “Improvement of delay-bandwidth product in photonic crystal slow-light waveguides,” Opt. Express 18, 16309–16319 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Hao, E. Cassan, H. Kurt, J. Hou, X. Le Roux, D. Marris-Morini, L. Vivien, D. Gao, Z. Zhou, and X. Zhang, “Novel kind of semislow light photonic crystal waveguides with large delay-bandwidth product,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 844–846 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Bernier, X. Le Roux, A. Lupu, D. Marris-Morini, L. Vivien, and E. Cassan, “Compact, low cross-talk CWDM demultiplexer using photonic crystal superprism,” Opt. Express 16, 17209–17214 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Vivien and L. Pavesi, Handbook of Silicon Photonics (CRC Press, 2013).

Wang, F.

M. Zhang, W. Zhang, F. Wang, D. Zhao, C. Qu, X. Wang, Y. Yi, E. Cassan, and D. Zhang, “High-gain polymer optical waveguide amplifiers based on core-shell NaYF4/NaLuF4: Yb3+, Er3+ NPs-PMMA covalent-linking nanocomposites,” Sci. Rep. 6, 36729 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, T.

Wang, X.

M. Zhang, W. Zhang, F. Wang, D. Zhao, C. Qu, X. Wang, Y. Yi, E. Cassan, and D. Zhang, “High-gain polymer optical waveguide amplifiers based on core-shell NaYF4/NaLuF4: Yb3+, Er3+ NPs-PMMA covalent-linking nanocomposites,” Sci. Rep. 6, 36729 (2016).
[Crossref]

Watts, M. R.

E. Timurdogan, C. V. Poulton, M. J. Byrd, and M. R. Watts, “Electric field-induced second-order nonlinear optical effects in silicon waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 11, 200–206 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wörhoff, K.

Yao, J.

Yi, Y.

M. Zhang, W. Zhang, F. Wang, D. Zhao, C. Qu, X. Wang, Y. Yi, E. Cassan, and D. Zhang, “High-gain polymer optical waveguide amplifiers based on core-shell NaYF4/NaLuF4: Yb3+, Er3+ NPs-PMMA covalent-linking nanocomposites,” Sci. Rep. 6, 36729 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, D.

M. Zhang, W. Zhang, F. Wang, D. Zhao, C. Qu, X. Wang, Y. Yi, E. Cassan, and D. Zhang, “High-gain polymer optical waveguide amplifiers based on core-shell NaYF4/NaLuF4: Yb3+, Er3+ NPs-PMMA covalent-linking nanocomposites,” Sci. Rep. 6, 36729 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, M.

M. Zhang, W. Zhang, F. Wang, D. Zhao, C. Qu, X. Wang, Y. Yi, E. Cassan, and D. Zhang, “High-gain polymer optical waveguide amplifiers based on core-shell NaYF4/NaLuF4: Yb3+, Er3+ NPs-PMMA covalent-linking nanocomposites,” Sci. Rep. 6, 36729 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

M. Zhang, W. Zhang, F. Wang, D. Zhao, C. Qu, X. Wang, Y. Yi, E. Cassan, and D. Zhang, “High-gain polymer optical waveguide amplifiers based on core-shell NaYF4/NaLuF4: Yb3+, Er3+ NPs-PMMA covalent-linking nanocomposites,” Sci. Rep. 6, 36729 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Serna, P. Colman, W. Zhang, X. Le Roux, C. Caer, L. Vivien, and E. Cassan, “Experimental GVD engineering in slow light slot photonic crystal waveguides,” Sci. Rep. 6, 26956 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Serna, W. Zhang, P. Colman, X. Le Roux, J. R. Coudevylle, L. Vivien, and E. Cassan, “Experimental investigation of top cladding on properties of silicon slotted photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 305–311 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, S. Serna, X. Le Roux, C. Alonso-Ramos, L. Vivien, and E. Cassan, “Analysis of silicon-on-insulator slot waveguide ring resonators targeting high Q-factors,” Opt. Lett. 40, 5566–5569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

Zhao, D.

M. Zhang, W. Zhang, F. Wang, D. Zhao, C. Qu, X. Wang, Y. Yi, E. Cassan, and D. Zhang, “High-gain polymer optical waveguide amplifiers based on core-shell NaYF4/NaLuF4: Yb3+, Er3+ NPs-PMMA covalent-linking nanocomposites,” Sci. Rep. 6, 36729 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zheng, X.

Zhou, Z.

R. Hao, E. Cassan, H. Kurt, J. Hou, X. Le Roux, D. Marris-Morini, L. Vivien, D. Gao, Z. Zhou, and X. Zhang, “Novel kind of semislow light photonic crystal waveguides with large delay-bandwidth product,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 844–846 (2010).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Di Falco, L. O’Faolain, and T. F. Krauss, “Dispersion control and slow light in slotted photonic crystal waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 083501 (2008).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Serna, W. Zhang, P. Colman, X. Le Roux, J. R. Coudevylle, L. Vivien, and E. Cassan, “Experimental investigation of top cladding on properties of silicon slotted photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 305–311 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

C. Caer, X. Le Roux, V. K. Do, D. Marris-Morini, N. Izard, L. Vivien, D. Gao, and E. Cassan, “Dispersion engineering of wide slot photonic crystal waveguides by Bragg-like corrugation of the slot,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1298–1300 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Hao, E. Cassan, H. Kurt, J. Hou, X. Le Roux, D. Marris-Morini, L. Vivien, D. Gao, Z. Zhou, and X. Zhang, “Novel kind of semislow light photonic crystal waveguides with large delay-bandwidth product,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 844–846 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D (1)

T. Krauss, “Slow light in photonic crystal waveguides,” J. Phys. D 40, 2666–2670 (2007).
[Crossref]

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergg, K. De Vos, S. K. Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bientsman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonators,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (2)

Z. Liu, J. Kakande, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, R. Phelan, D. J. Richardson, and R. Slavík, “Modulator-free quadrature amplitude modulation signal synthesis,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5911 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Virot, P. Crozat, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, F. Boeuf, and L. Vivien, “Germanium avalanche receiver for low power interconnects,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4957 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (3)

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 4, 535–544 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. Timurdogan, C. V. Poulton, M. J. Byrd, and M. R. Watts, “Electric field-induced second-order nonlinear optical effects in silicon waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 11, 200–206 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Baba, “Slow light in photonic crystals,” Nat. Photonics 2, 465–473 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (9)

T. Wang, N. Venkatram, J. Gosciniak, Y. Cui, G. Qian, W. Ji, and D. T. H. Tan, “Multi-photon absorption and third-order nonlinearity in silicon at mid-infrared wavelengths,” Opt. Express 21, 32192–32198 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Marris-Morini, L. Virot, C. Baudot, J.-M. Fédéli, G. Rasigade, D. Perez-Galacho, J.-M. Hartmann, S. Olivier, P. Brindel, P. Crozat, F. Bœuf, and L. Vivien, “A 40  Gbit/s optical link on a 300-mm silicon platform,” Opt. Express 22, 6674–6679 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. G. Johnson and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Block-iterative frequency-domain methods for Maxwell’s equations in a planewave basis,” Opt. Express 8, 173–190 (2001).
[Crossref]

P. A. Anderson, B. S. Schmidt, and M. Lipson, “High confinement in silicon slot waveguides with sharp bends,” Opt. Express 14, 9197–9202 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Bernier, X. Le Roux, A. Lupu, D. Marris-Morini, L. Vivien, and E. Cassan, “Compact, low cross-talk CWDM demultiplexer using photonic crystal superprism,” Opt. Express 16, 17209–17214 (2008).
[Crossref]

E. Gaufrès, N. Izard, X. Le Roux, S. Kazaoui, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, and L. Vivien, “Optical microcavity with semiconducting single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 18, 5740–5745 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Hao, E. Cassan, X. Le Roux, D. Gao, V. K. Do, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, and X. Zhang, “Improvement of delay-bandwidth product in photonic crystal slow-light waveguides,” Opt. Express 18, 16309–16319 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Agazzi, J. D. B. Bradley, M. Dijkstra, F. Ay, G. Roelkens, R. Baets, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Monolithic integration of erbium-doped amplifiers with silicon-on-insulator waveguides,” Opt. Express 18, 27703–27711 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. Li, J. Yao, H. Thacker, A. Mekis, X. Zheng, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J.-H. Lee, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Ultralow-loss, high-density SOI optical waveguide routing for macrochip interconnects,” Opt. Express 20, 12035–12039 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Sci. Rep. (2)

S. Serna, P. Colman, W. Zhang, X. Le Roux, C. Caer, L. Vivien, and E. Cassan, “Experimental GVD engineering in slow light slot photonic crystal waveguides,” Sci. Rep. 6, 26956 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Zhang, W. Zhang, F. Wang, D. Zhao, C. Qu, X. Wang, Y. Yi, E. Cassan, and D. Zhang, “High-gain polymer optical waveguide amplifiers based on core-shell NaYF4/NaLuF4: Yb3+, Er3+ NPs-PMMA covalent-linking nanocomposites,” Sci. Rep. 6, 36729 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sensors (1)

C. A. Barrios, “Optical slot-waveguide based biochemical sensors,” Sensors 9, 4751–4765 (2009).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

L. Vivien and L. Pavesi, Handbook of Silicon Photonics (CRC Press, 2013).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. SOI SPhCW covered by a cladding material of nclad index. (a) Geometry with the parameters shown: nSi=3.48, nSiO2=1.44, nclad=1.52, r1=120  nm, r=105  nm (radius of all holes outside the two first rows); (b) influence of the slowing-down factor (nG) on the confinement properties of SPhCW designed for the integration of materials of index 1.5: dielectric energy confinement (ηclad) of the W1-like and true-slot modes; (c) and (d) dispersion diagrams for WS=80  nm, WS=200  nm, respectively. Additionally, insets give the real-space Ey-field component distributions of the three modes at k=0.5×2πc/a in linear scale. Fields are normalized to carry a unitary mode dielectric energy.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Dielectric energy confinement in the low-index material (ηclad) of silicon SPhCWs studied through the SOI SPhCW configuration described in Fig. 1 at the edge of the Brillouin zone: (a) true slot mode and (b) W1-like mode.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Bragg-like corrugated SPhCWs. (a) Description of the waveguide geometry; (b)–(d) dispersion diagrams obtained for a 50/150 nm corrugated slot in which wide parts are aligned with the two nearest neighboring holes (dx=0) for r1=110, 125, and 140 nm, respectively (all other parameters being identical to the one described in Section 1, including r2=105  nm).
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Strong influence of the r2 parameter on the frequency splitting between the two even-mode symmetry slot modes: (a) dispersion diagram obtained for r1=140  nm and r2=95  nm (see Section 1 for a complete description of all other parameters; the two arrows are an identification of the two studied modes); (b) wavelength splitting between the true-slot and W1-like modes as a function of r2.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Adjustment of the dispersive properties of the corrugated SPhCW by the r2 parameter: (a) group index and GVD proprieties (β2) for the r2=115  nm configuration; (b) evolution of the SPhCW “flat band slow light” normalized delay product of the true slot mode as a function of the diameter of the second row of holes (r2).

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