Abstract

An opposite-chirped frequency-domain optical parametric amplification (OC-FOPA) design is demonstrated and numerically verified. This scheme combines both an ultrabroad seeding generation and the subsequent effective amplification in one single optical parametric amplification stage. Based on a slightly asymmetrical 4-f optical system, the spectral contents of both pump and signal waves are spectrally dispersed with opposite spatial chirps, to broaden the initial idler seeding. Via a properly designed fan-out periodically poled LiNbO3 chip, nearly perfect quasi phase matching can be realized across the full spectrum, whereby each individual spectral pair precisely maps to its required grating period. Full-dimensional simulations based on commercial 110  fs (FWHM) near-infrared (near-IR) lasers at 790 and 1030 nm are quantitatively discussed, and few-cycle mid-IR laser pulses (60  fs at 3.4 μm) plus a high conversion efficiency exceeding 50% are theoretically predicted. By means of a high-power pump source, the OC-FOPA scheme can be also applied to directly produce high-intensity carrier-envelope-phase-stabilized mid-IR idler pulses.

© 2017 Chinese Laser Press

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References

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2017 (1)

2016 (8)

A. V. Mitrofanov, A. A. Voronin, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, S. I. Mitryukovsky, A. B. Fedotov, E. E. Serebryannikov, D. V. Meshchankin, V. Shumakova, S. Ališauskas, A. Pugžlys, V. Ya. Panchenko, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Subterawatt few-cycle mid-infrared pulses from a single filament,” Optica 3, 299–302 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. R. Phillips, B. W. Mayer, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Frequency-domain nonlinear optics in two-dimensionally patterned quasi-phase-matching media,” Opt. Express 24, 15940–15953 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. B. Zhang, N. A. M. Hafz, Y. Y. Ma, L. J. Qian, F. Q. Shao, and Z. M. Sheng, “Laser wakefield acceleration using mid-infrared laser pulses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 33, 095202 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Qin, G. Xie, C. Zhao, S. Wen, P. Yuan, and L. Qian, “Mid-infrared mode-locked pulse generation with multilayer black phosphorus as saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 41, 56–59 (2016).
[Crossref]

V. Shumakova, P. Malevich, S. Alisauskas, A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, D. Faccio, D. Kartashov, A. Baltuska, and A. Pugzlys, “Multi-millijoule few-cycle mid-infrared pulses through nonlinear self-compression in bulk,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12877 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Ernotte, P. Lassonde, F. Legare, and B. E. Schmidt, “Frequency domain tailoring for intra-pulse frequency mixing,” Opt. Express 24, 24225–24231 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Yin, B. Zhang, J. Yao, L. Yang, S. Chen, and J. Hou, “Highly stable, monolithic, single-mode mid-infrared supercontinuum source based on low-loss fusion spliced silica and fluoride fibers,” Opt. Lett. 41, 946–949 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. A. Rezvani, Q. Zhang, Z. Hong, and P. Lu, “Tunable broadband intense IR pulse generation at non-degenerate wavelengths using group delay compensation in a dual-crystal OPA scheme,” Opt. Express 24, 11187–11198 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (5)

I. Pupeza, D. Sánchez, J. Zhang, N. Lilienfein, M. Seidel, N. Karpowicz, T. Paasch-Colberg, I. Znakovskaya, M. Pescher, W. Schweinberger, V. Pervak, E. Fill, O. Pronin, Z. Wei, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, and J. Biegert, “High-power sub-two-cycle mid-infrared pulses at 100  MHz repetition rate,” Nat. Photonics 9, 721–724 (2015).
[Crossref]

V. Cardin, N. Thiré, S. Beaulieu, V. Wanie, F. Légaré, and B. E. Schmidt, “0.42 TW 2-cycle pulses at 1.8  μm via hollow-core fiber compression,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 181101 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Zhong, L. Zhang, Y. Li, and D. Fan, “Group velocity mismatch-absent nonlinear frequency conversions for mid-infrared femtosecond pulses generation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10887 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Fu, E. J. Takahashi, Q. Zhang, P. Lu, and K. Midorikawa, “Optimization and characterization of dual-chirped optical parametric amplification,” J. Opt. 17, 124001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Fu, E. J. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “High-energy infrared femtosecond pulses generated by dual-chirped optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Lett. 40, 5082–5085 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (6)

B. W. Mayer, C. R. Phillips, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Mid-infrared pulse generation via achromatic quasi-phase-matched OPCPA,” Opt. Express 22, 20798–20808 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. E. Schmidt, N. Thire, M. Boivin, A. Laramee, F. Poitras, G. Lebrun, T. Ozaki, H. Ibrahim, and F. Légaré, “Frequency domain optical parametric amplification,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3643 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. C. Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, T. Ideguchi, M. Yan, S. Holzner, T. W. Hansch, N. Picque, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Few-cycle, broadband, mid-infrared optical parametric oscillator pumped by a 20-fs Ti:sapphire laser,” Laser Photon. Rev. 8, L86–L91 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. H. Lu, Y. J. Tsou, H. Y. Chen, B. H. Chen, Y. C. Cheng, S. D. Yang, M. C. Chen, C. C. Hsu, and A. H. Kung, “Generation of intense supercontinuum in condensed media,” Optica 1, 400–406 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Yang, B. Zhang, G. Xue, K. Yin, and J. Hou, “Thirteen watt all-fiber mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a single mode ZBLAN fiber pumped by a 2  μm MOPA system,” Opt. Lett. 39, 1849–1852 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Weisshaupt, V. Juvé, M. Holtz, S. Ku, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, S. Ališauskas, A. Pugžlys, and A. Baltuška, “High-brightness table-top hard x-ray source driven by sub-100-femtosecond mid-infrared pulses,” Nat. Photonics 8, 927–930 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

2012 (4)

C. Calabrese, A. M. Stingel, L. Shen, and P. B. Petersen, “Ultrafast continuum mid-infrared spectroscopy: probing the entire vibrational spectrum in a single laser shot with femtosecond time resolution,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2265–2267 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Hugi, G. Villares, S. Blaser, H. C. Liu, and J. Faist, “Mid-infrared frequency comb based on a quantum cascade laser,” Nature 492, 229–233 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Ishizuki and T. Taira, “Half-joule output optical-parametric oscillation by using 10-mm-thick periodically poled Mg-doped congruent LiNbO3,” Opt. Express 20, 20002–20010 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (7)

2010 (2)

D. Brida, C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, M. Marangoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. D. Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Few-optical-cycle pulses tunable from the visible to the mid-infrared by optical parametric amplifiers,” J. Opt. 12, 013001 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Junginger, A. Sell, O. Schubert, B. Mayer, D. Brida, M. Marangoni, G. Cerullo, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Single-cycle multiterahertz transients with peak fields above 10  MV/cm,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2645–2647 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and W. P. Leemans, “Physics of laser-driven plasma-based electron accelerators,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1229–1285 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, “Temperature and wavelength dependent refractive index equations for MgO-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B 91, 343–348 (2008).
[Crossref]

O. Prakash, H. H. Lim, B. J. Kim, K. Pandiyan, M. Cha, and B. K. Rhee, “Collinear broadband optical parametric generation in periodically poled lithium niobate crystals by group velocity matching,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 535–541 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Sell, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Phase-locked generation and field-resolved detection of widely tunable terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 100  MV/cm,” Opt. Lett. 33, 2767–2769 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

K. L. Vodopyanov, M. M. Fejer, X. Yu, J. S. Harris, Y.-S. Lee, W. C. Hurlbut, V. G. Kozlov, D. Bliss, and C. Lynch, “Terahertz-wave generation in quasi-phase-matched GaAs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141119 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

C. Wang, Y. Leng, B. Zhao, Z. Zhang, and Z. Xu, “Extremely broad gain spectra of two-beam-pumped optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 237, 169–177 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

G. Cerullo and S. D. Silvestri, “Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1–18 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

1999 (1)

A. C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, “Short-pulse laser damage in transparent materials as a function of pulse duration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3883–3886 (1999).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

Alisauskas, S.

V. Shumakova, P. Malevich, S. Alisauskas, A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, D. Faccio, D. Kartashov, A. Baltuska, and A. Pugzlys, “Multi-millijoule few-cycle mid-infrared pulses through nonlinear self-compression in bulk,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12877 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, S. Alisauskas, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “90  GW peak power few-cycle mid-infrared pulses from an optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 36, 2755–2757 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ališauskas, S.

A. V. Mitrofanov, A. A. Voronin, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, S. I. Mitryukovsky, A. B. Fedotov, E. E. Serebryannikov, D. V. Meshchankin, V. Shumakova, S. Ališauskas, A. Pugžlys, V. Ya. Panchenko, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Subterawatt few-cycle mid-infrared pulses from a single filament,” Optica 3, 299–302 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Weisshaupt, V. Juvé, M. Holtz, S. Ku, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, S. Ališauskas, A. Pugžlys, and A. Baltuška, “High-brightness table-top hard x-ray source driven by sub-100-femtosecond mid-infrared pulses,” Nat. Photonics 8, 927–930 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Andriukaitis, G.

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, S. Alisauskas, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “90  GW peak power few-cycle mid-infrared pulses from an optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 36, 2755–2757 (2011).
[Crossref]

Apolonski, A.

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Hernández-García, C.

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S. C. Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, T. Ideguchi, M. Yan, S. Holzner, T. W. Hansch, N. Picque, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Few-cycle, broadband, mid-infrared optical parametric oscillator pumped by a 20-fs Ti:sapphire laser,” Laser Photon. Rev. 8, L86–L91 (2014).
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K. L. Vodopyanov, M. M. Fejer, X. Yu, J. S. Harris, Y.-S. Lee, W. C. Hurlbut, V. G. Kozlov, D. Bliss, and C. Lynch, “Terahertz-wave generation in quasi-phase-matched GaAs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141119 (2006).
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S. C. Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, T. Ideguchi, M. Yan, S. Holzner, T. W. Hansch, N. Picque, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Few-cycle, broadband, mid-infrared optical parametric oscillator pumped by a 20-fs Ti:sapphire laser,” Laser Photon. Rev. 8, L86–L91 (2014).
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Jaron-Becker, A.

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A. C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, “Short-pulse laser damage in transparent materials as a function of pulse duration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3883–3886 (1999).
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I. Pupeza, D. Sánchez, J. Zhang, N. Lilienfein, M. Seidel, N. Karpowicz, T. Paasch-Colberg, I. Znakovskaya, M. Pescher, W. Schweinberger, V. Pervak, E. Fill, O. Pronin, Z. Wei, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, and J. Biegert, “High-power sub-two-cycle mid-infrared pulses at 100  MHz repetition rate,” Nat. Photonics 9, 721–724 (2015).
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V. Shumakova, P. Malevich, S. Alisauskas, A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, D. Faccio, D. Kartashov, A. Baltuska, and A. Pugzlys, “Multi-millijoule few-cycle mid-infrared pulses through nonlinear self-compression in bulk,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12877 (2016).
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Khalil, M.

Kim, B. J.

O. Prakash, H. H. Lim, B. J. Kim, K. Pandiyan, M. Cha, and B. K. Rhee, “Collinear broadband optical parametric generation in periodically poled lithium niobate crystals by group velocity matching,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 535–541 (2008).
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C. Y. Wang, T. Herr, P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, J. Hofer, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, N. Picqué, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Mid-infrared optical frequency combs at 2.5  μm based on crystalline microresonators,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1345 (2013).
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K. L. Vodopyanov, M. M. Fejer, X. Yu, J. S. Harris, Y.-S. Lee, W. C. Hurlbut, V. G. Kozlov, D. Bliss, and C. Lynch, “Terahertz-wave generation in quasi-phase-matched GaAs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141119 (2006).
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J. Opt. (2)

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V. Shumakova, P. Malevich, S. Alisauskas, A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, D. Faccio, D. Kartashov, A. Baltuska, and A. Pugzlys, “Multi-millijoule few-cycle mid-infrared pulses through nonlinear self-compression in bulk,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12877 (2016).
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J. Weisshaupt, V. Juvé, M. Holtz, S. Ku, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, S. Ališauskas, A. Pugžlys, and A. Baltuška, “High-brightness table-top hard x-ray source driven by sub-100-femtosecond mid-infrared pulses,” Nat. Photonics 8, 927–930 (2014).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

Nature (1)

A. Hugi, G. Villares, S. Blaser, H. C. Liu, and J. Faist, “Mid-infrared frequency comb based on a quantum cascade laser,” Nature 492, 229–233 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

C. Wang, Y. Leng, B. Zhao, Z. Zhang, and Z. Xu, “Extremely broad gain spectra of two-beam-pumped optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 237, 169–177 (2004).
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Science (1)

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[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Schematic illustration of the proposed OC-FOPA scheme.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Simulated dependence of conversion efficiency and spectrum bandwidth of the mid-IR idler pulses on the crystal length, for (a), (c) the conventional fs-OPA and (b), (d) the proposed OC-FOPA schemes. It should be noted that for all intensity–length pairs of each OPA scheme, constant conversion efficiency and a similar idler spectrum [(c), (d)] can be achieved in the absence of temporal pulse slipping. The initial signal intensity was fixed at 1% of the pump intensity.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a), (b) Small-signal idler spectrum bandwidth versus various grating chirp rates and (c), (d) spectrum details near the maximum value with a fixed spatial chirp coefficient (1+u)1/2 of 5, for different pulse duration cases. In the calculations, pump and signal have equivalent elliptical beam profiles, and the major and minor axes are 5 and 1 mm, respectively. The PPLN crystal length is fixed at 5 mm. Insets: The (1+u)1/2-dependent optimum chirp rates. τpump and τsignal represent the pulse duration of the pump and signal pulses, respectively. (a), (c) τpump=35  fs and τsignal=100  fs; (b), (d) τpump=100  fs and τsignal=100  fs.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) Dependence of the photon conversion efficiency on the spatial chirp coefficient (1+u)1/2, (b) the amplified idler spectra and the corresponding dispersion-compensated pulse envelopes, (c)–(f) the individual extracted spatial–spectral and spatial–temporal profiles. In the calculations, pump and signal have equivalent elliptical beam profiles, and the minor axes are fixed at 1 mm for various spatial chirp coefficients. The idler spectrum is obtained by linear superposition of each individual spectrum component across the spatial chirp axis x.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a) Amplified idler spectra and (b) dispersion-compensated pulse envelopes at different seeding intensities. To minimize the GVM effects, the spatial chirp coefficient (1+u)1/2 was fixed at 20. The same simulation parameters were employed as those given in Fig. 4. The seeding intensity was set to 0.1%, 1%, 5%, and 10% of the pump intensity, corresponding to an overall efficiency of 9%, 50%, 59%, and 54%, respectively.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Nonlinear Optical Crystal Parameters for 5% Doped MgO:PPLN at 24.5°C (λp=790  nm, λs=1030  nm, λi=3.4  μm)

Equations (1)

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A(x,y,t)=bexp{[x2(1+u)σ2+y2σ2]+[t2τ02(1+u)]}×exp[i2uxt(1+u)στ0],

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