Abstract

In this paper, we present a mode-selective coupler based on a dual-core all-solid photonic bandgap fiber (AS-PBGF). Because they are all-solid, AS-PBGF-based mode converters are easier to splice to other fibers than those based on air-hole photonic crystal fibers. Mode conversions between the LP01 and LP11 modes, LP01 and LP21 modes, and LP01 and LP02 modes are obtained at the wavelength λ=1550nm. The 3 dB wavelength bandwidth of these mode converters are 47.8, 20.3, and 20.3 nm, respectively.

© 2015 Chinese Laser Press

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References

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2014 (2)

C. Markos, I. Kubat, and O. Bang, “Hybrid polymer photonic crystal fiber with integrated chalcogenide glass nanofilms,” Sci. Rep. 4, 06057 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Ismaeel, T. Lee, B. Oduro, Y. Jung, and G. Brambilla, “All-fiber fused directional coupler for highly efficient spatial mode conversion,” Opt. Express 22, 11610–11619 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

D. Richardson, J. Fini, and L. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7, 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. G. Leon-Saval, A. Argyros, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Photonic lanterns,” Nanophotonics 2, 429–440 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

A. Li, X. Chen, A. A. Amin, and W. Shieh, “Fused fiber mode couplers for few-mode transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1953–1956 (2012).

J. Carpenter and T. D. Wilkinson, “Characterization of multimode fiber by selective mode excitation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 1386–1392 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

2010 (1)

2008 (1)

M.-Y. Chen and J. Zhou, “Mode converter based on mode coupling in an asymmetric dual-core photonic crystal fibre,” J. Opt. A 10, 115304 (2008).

2007 (2)

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

1995 (1)

B. E. Little and W. P. Huang, “Coupled-mode theory for optical waveguides,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 10, 217–270 (1995).

1986 (1)

Amin, A. A.

A. Li, X. Chen, A. A. Amin, and W. Shieh, “Fused fiber mode couplers for few-mode transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1953–1956 (2012).

Argyros, A.

Band, O.

Bang, O.

C. Markos, I. Kubat, and O. Bang, “Hybrid polymer photonic crystal fiber with integrated chalcogenide glass nanofilms,” Sci. Rep. 4, 06057 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bigot, L.

Bird, D. M.

Birks, T. A.

Bland-Hawthorn, J.

Bouwmans, G.

Brambilla, G.

Carpenter, J.

Chen, M.-Y.

M.-Y. Chen and J. Zhou, “Mode converter based on mode coupling in an asymmetric dual-core photonic crystal fibre,” J. Opt. A 10, 115304 (2008).

Chen, X.

A. Li, X. Chen, A. A. Amin, and W. Shieh, “Fused fiber mode couplers for few-mode transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1953–1956 (2012).

Douay, M.

Fini, J.

D. Richardson, J. Fini, and L. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7, 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

George, A. K.

Hedley, T. D.

Huang, W. P.

B. E. Little and W. P. Huang, “Coupled-mode theory for optical waveguides,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 10, 217–270 (1995).

Ismaeel, R.

Jung, Y.

Kim, B. Y.

Knight, J. C.

Kubat, I.

C. Markos, I. Kubat, and O. Bang, “Hybrid polymer photonic crystal fiber with integrated chalcogenide glass nanofilms,” Sci. Rep. 4, 06057 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lai, K.

Lee, T.

Leon-Saval, S. G.

Li, A.

A. Li, X. Chen, A. A. Amin, and W. Shieh, “Fused fiber mode couplers for few-mode transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1953–1956 (2012).

Little, B. E.

B. E. Little and W. P. Huang, “Coupled-mode theory for optical waveguides,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 10, 217–270 (1995).

Lopez, F.

Luan, F.

Maksymiuk, L.

Markos, C.

C. Markos, I. Kubat, and O. Bang, “Hybrid polymer photonic crystal fiber with integrated chalcogenide glass nanofilms,” Sci. Rep. 4, 06057 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Markos, W. Yuan, K. Vlachos, G. E. Town, and O. Band, “Label-free biosensing with high sensitivity in dual-core microstructured polymer optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19, 7790–7798 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nelson, L.

D. Richardson, J. Fini, and L. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7, 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Oduro, B.

Pearce, G. J.

Provino, L.

Quiquempois, Y.

Ren, G.

Richardson, D.

D. Richardson, J. Fini, and L. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7, 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Russell, P. S. J.

Shaw, H. J.

Shieh, W.

A. Li, X. Chen, A. A. Amin, and W. Shieh, “Fused fiber mode couplers for few-mode transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1953–1956 (2012).

Shum, P.

Siuzdak, J.

Sorin, W. V.

Stepniak, G.

Town, G. E.

Vlachos, K.

Wadsworth, W. J.

Wilkinson, T. D.

Witkowska, A.

Yu, X.

Yuan, W.

Zhang, L.

Zhou, J.

M.-Y. Chen and J. Zhou, “Mode converter based on mode coupling in an asymmetric dual-core photonic crystal fibre,” J. Opt. A 10, 115304 (2008).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. Li, X. Chen, A. A. Amin, and W. Shieh, “Fused fiber mode couplers for few-mode transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1953–1956 (2012).

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Opt. A (1)

M.-Y. Chen and J. Zhou, “Mode converter based on mode coupling in an asymmetric dual-core photonic crystal fibre,” J. Opt. A 10, 115304 (2008).

Nanophotonics (1)

S. G. Leon-Saval, A. Argyros, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Photonic lanterns,” Nanophotonics 2, 429–440 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

D. Richardson, J. Fini, and L. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7, 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Prog. Electromagn. Res. (1)

B. E. Little and W. P. Huang, “Coupled-mode theory for optical waveguides,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 10, 217–270 (1995).

Sci. Rep. (1)

C. Markos, I. Kubat, and O. Bang, “Hybrid polymer photonic crystal fiber with integrated chalcogenide glass nanofilms,” Sci. Rep. 4, 06057 (2014).
[Crossref]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Structure of mode coupler.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Finding appropriate phase-matching points. The three parallel lines indicate the neff of LP11, LP21, and LP02 modes in the left core. The oblique line indicates the relationship between the neff of the LP01 mode and the core index nr in the right core.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Modal dispersion curves for the fiber modes in each fiber core are displayed. Gray zones represent the fourth gap of the periodic structure in Fig. 1. Solid line corresponds to the dispersion curves of the LP01 mode in the right core. Dashed line corresponds to the dispersion curves of higher-order modes in the left core.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Schematic drawing of mode-selective couplers. Coupler 1 achieves the conversion of LP01 to LP11, Coupler 2 achieves the conversion of LP01 to LP21, and Coupler 3 achieves the conversion of LP01 to LP02.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Coupling efficiency of Coupler 1 and Coupler 2 sinusoidal vibrations along the propagation direction where L1=6.437mm, L2=5.9mm, and L3=4.787mm.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Evolution of mode field in Couplers 1–3 at different positions along the propagation direction.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Spectral coupling characteristics of each AS-PBGF coupler. B1 and B2 are the 3 dB wavelength bandwidths of each mode coupler.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Schematic drawing of parallel mode multiplexer.
Fig. 9.
Fig. 9. Spectral coupling characteristics of Coupler 3. B3 is the 3 dB bandwidth of Coupler 3 when it converts LP11 independently; B4 is the 3 dB bandwidth of Coupler 3 when it converts LP02 independently.

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