Abstract

We demonstrate an optimized 2.7 µm Er,Pr:YAP laser in both free-running and Q-switched modes. In free running mode, a maximum energy of 346 mJ is obtained with repetition frequency of 5 Hz. In Q-switched mode, a giant pulse with 63.4 mJ energy and 40 ns pulse width is realized at 5 Hz, which corresponds to an energy extraction efficiency of 47% and a peak power of 1.59 MW. Additionally, the M2 factor and laser spectrum are also measured in two modes. These results indicate that the LGS Q-switched 2.7 µm Er,Pr:YAP laser is a promising candidate for the mid-infrared pulse laser device.

© 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]
  3. S. W. Hu, L. Wang, Y. W. Guo, T. Q. Cheng, X. Y. Wu, Z. Y. Wang, H. X. Wu, J. Y. Yao, Y. C. Wu, and H. H. Jiang, “High-conversion-efficiency tunable mid-infrared BaGa4Se7 optical parametric oscillator pumped by a 2.79-µm laser,” Opt. Lett. 44(9), 2201–2203 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  4. H. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, F. Luo, Z. Q. Peng, X. Y. Fang, M. J Zhao, Q. L. Cheng, Q. Zhang, S. T. Guo, and Yin, “Growth, structure, and spectroscopic properties of a Cr3+, Tm3+, Ho3+, and Pr3+ co-doped LuYAG single crystal for 2.9 µm laser,” CrystEngComm 18(31), 5826–5831 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  5. A. Hiigele, G. Hörbe, H. Lubatschowski, H. Welling, and W. Ertmer, “2.70 µm Cr,Er:YSGG laser with high output energy and FTIR-Q-switch,” Opt. Commun. 125(1-3), 90–94 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  6. K. Liu, J. Liu, H. X. Shi, F. Z. Tan, and P. Wang, “High power mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a single-mode ZBLAN fiber with up to 21.8 W average output power,” Opt. Express 22(20), 24384–24391 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  7. S. A. Pollack and D. B. Chang, “Up-conversion pumped population kinetics for 4113/2 and 4111/2 laser states of Er3+ ion in several host crystals,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 22(S1), S75–S93 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  8. V. Lupei, S. Georgescu, and V. Florea, “On the dynamics of population inversion for 3 µm Er3+ lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(2), 426–434 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  9. H. Bromberger, K. J. Yang, D. Heinecke, T. Dekorsy, L. H. Zheng, J. Xu, and G. J. Zhao, “Comparative investigations on continuous wave operation of a-cut and b-cut Tm,Ho:YAlO3 lasers at room temperature,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6505–6513 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  10. H. G. Yang, Z. W. Dai, and Z. W. Sun, “Upconversion luminescence and kinetics in Er3+:YAlO3 under 652.2 nm excitation,” J. Lumin. 124(2), 207–212 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  11. C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84, 59–65 (2018).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  14. H. Kawase and R. Yasuhara, “2.92-µm high-efficiency continuous-wave laser operation of diode-pumped Er:YAP crystal at room temperature,” Opt. Express 27(9), 12213–12220 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  15. H. Kawase, H. Uehara H, J. Chen, and R. Yasuhara, “Passively Q-switched 2.9 µm Er:YAP single crystal laser using graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 12(10), 102006 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  16. M. Messner, A. Heinrich, C. Hagen, and K. Unterrainer, “Acousto-optically Q-switched diode side-pumped Er:YLF laser generating 50-kW peak power in 70-ns pulses,” Proc. SPIE 10896, 6 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  17. Z. Y. You, Y. Wang, J. L. Xu, Z. J. Zhu, J. F. Li, and C. Y. Tu, “Diode-End-Pumped Midinfrared Multiwavelength Er:Pr:GGG Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 667–670 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  18. P. Koranda, M. Nemec, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, and M. Cech, “Electro-optically Q-switched Er:YAG laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper WB7.
  19. C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Mid-Infrared Laser Performances of Er:YAP Crystals Pumped by Xenon Lamp,” Chin. J. Las. 46(4), 0401003 (2019).
    [Crossref]

2019 (5)

S. W. Hu, L. Wang, Y. W. Guo, T. Q. Cheng, X. Y. Wu, Z. Y. Wang, H. X. Wu, J. Y. Yao, Y. C. Wu, and H. H. Jiang, “High-conversion-efficiency tunable mid-infrared BaGa4Se7 optical parametric oscillator pumped by a 2.79-µm laser,” Opt. Lett. 44(9), 2201–2203 (2019).
[Crossref]

H. Kawase and R. Yasuhara, “2.92-µm high-efficiency continuous-wave laser operation of diode-pumped Er:YAP crystal at room temperature,” Opt. Express 27(9), 12213–12220 (2019).
[Crossref]

H. Kawase, H. Uehara H, J. Chen, and R. Yasuhara, “Passively Q-switched 2.9 µm Er:YAP single crystal laser using graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 12(10), 102006 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Messner, A. Heinrich, C. Hagen, and K. Unterrainer, “Acousto-optically Q-switched diode side-pumped Er:YLF laser generating 50-kW peak power in 70-ns pulses,” Proc. SPIE 10896, 6 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Mid-Infrared Laser Performances of Er:YAP Crystals Pumped by Xenon Lamp,” Chin. J. Las. 46(4), 0401003 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (1)

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84, 59–65 (2018).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

H. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, F. Luo, Z. Q. Peng, X. Y. Fang, M. J Zhao, Q. L. Cheng, Q. Zhang, S. T. Guo, and Yin, “Growth, structure, and spectroscopic properties of a Cr3+, Tm3+, Ho3+, and Pr3+ co-doped LuYAG single crystal for 2.9 µm laser,” CrystEngComm 18(31), 5826–5831 (2016).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

K. Liu, J. Liu, H. X. Shi, F. Z. Tan, and P. Wang, “High power mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a single-mode ZBLAN fiber with up to 21.8 W average output power,” Opt. Express 22(20), 24384–24391 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Y. You, Y. Wang, J. L. Xu, Z. J. Zhu, J. F. Li, and C. Y. Tu, “Diode-End-Pumped Midinfrared Multiwavelength Er:Pr:GGG Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 667–670 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

2007 (1)

H. G. Yang, Z. W. Dai, and Z. W. Sun, “Upconversion luminescence and kinetics in Er3+:YAlO3 under 652.2 nm excitation,” J. Lumin. 124(2), 207–212 (2007).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

H. K. Kong, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, X. Yin, S. J. Zhang, Y. G. Liu, X. F. Cheng, L. Gao, X. B. Hu, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth, properties and application as electrooptic Q-switch of langasite crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 254(3-4), 360–367 (2003).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

A. Hiigele, G. Hörbe, H. Lubatschowski, H. Welling, and W. Ertmer, “2.70 µm Cr,Er:YSGG laser with high output energy and FTIR-Q-switch,” Opt. Commun. 125(1-3), 90–94 (1996).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

V. Lupei, S. Georgescu, and V. Florea, “On the dynamics of population inversion for 3 µm Er3+ lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(2), 426–434 (1993).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

S. A. Pollack and D. B. Chang, “Up-conversion pumped population kinetics for 4113/2 and 4111/2 laser states of Er3+ ion in several host crystals,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 22(S1), S75–S93 (1990).
[Crossref]

Bromberger, H.

Cai, X. W.

Cech, M.

P. Koranda, M. Nemec, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, and M. Cech, “Electro-optically Q-switched Er:YAG laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper WB7.

Chang, D. B.

S. A. Pollack and D. B. Chang, “Up-conversion pumped population kinetics for 4113/2 and 4111/2 laser states of Er3+ ion in several host crystals,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 22(S1), S75–S93 (1990).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

H. Kawase, H. Uehara H, J. Chen, and R. Yasuhara, “Passively Q-switched 2.9 µm Er:YAP single crystal laser using graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 12(10), 102006 (2019).
[Crossref]

Cheng, M. J.

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Mid-Infrared Laser Performances of Er:YAP Crystals Pumped by Xenon Lamp,” Chin. J. Las. 46(4), 0401003 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84, 59–65 (2018).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Q. L.

H. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, F. Luo, Z. Q. Peng, X. Y. Fang, M. J Zhao, Q. L. Cheng, Q. Zhang, S. T. Guo, and Yin, “Growth, structure, and spectroscopic properties of a Cr3+, Tm3+, Ho3+, and Pr3+ co-doped LuYAG single crystal for 2.9 µm laser,” CrystEngComm 18(31), 5826–5831 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cheng, T. Q.

Cheng, X. F.

H. K. Kong, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, X. Yin, S. J. Zhang, Y. G. Liu, X. F. Cheng, L. Gao, X. B. Hu, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth, properties and application as electrooptic Q-switch of langasite crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 254(3-4), 360–367 (2003).
[Crossref]

Dai, Z. W.

H. G. Yang, Z. W. Dai, and Z. W. Sun, “Upconversion luminescence and kinetics in Er3+:YAlO3 under 652.2 nm excitation,” J. Lumin. 124(2), 207–212 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dekorsy, T.

Ertmer, W.

A. Hiigele, G. Hörbe, H. Lubatschowski, H. Welling, and W. Ertmer, “2.70 µm Cr,Er:YSGG laser with high output energy and FTIR-Q-switch,” Opt. Commun. 125(1-3), 90–94 (1996).
[Crossref]

Fang, X. Y.

H. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, F. Luo, Z. Q. Peng, X. Y. Fang, M. J Zhao, Q. L. Cheng, Q. Zhang, S. T. Guo, and Yin, “Growth, structure, and spectroscopic properties of a Cr3+, Tm3+, Ho3+, and Pr3+ co-doped LuYAG single crystal for 2.9 µm laser,” CrystEngComm 18(31), 5826–5831 (2016).
[Crossref]

Fang, Z. Q.

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Mid-Infrared Laser Performances of Er:YAP Crystals Pumped by Xenon Lamp,” Chin. J. Las. 46(4), 0401003 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84, 59–65 (2018).
[Crossref]

Florea, V.

V. Lupei, S. Georgescu, and V. Florea, “On the dynamics of population inversion for 3 µm Er3+ lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(2), 426–434 (1993).
[Crossref]

Gao, L.

H. K. Kong, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, X. Yin, S. J. Zhang, Y. G. Liu, X. F. Cheng, L. Gao, X. B. Hu, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth, properties and application as electrooptic Q-switch of langasite crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 254(3-4), 360–367 (2003).
[Crossref]

Georgescu, S.

V. Lupei, S. Georgescu, and V. Florea, “On the dynamics of population inversion for 3 µm Er3+ lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(2), 426–434 (1993).
[Crossref]

Guo, S. T.

H. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, F. Luo, Z. Q. Peng, X. Y. Fang, M. J Zhao, Q. L. Cheng, Q. Zhang, S. T. Guo, and Yin, “Growth, structure, and spectroscopic properties of a Cr3+, Tm3+, Ho3+, and Pr3+ co-doped LuYAG single crystal for 2.9 µm laser,” CrystEngComm 18(31), 5826–5831 (2016).
[Crossref]

Guo, Y. W.

Hagen, C.

M. Messner, A. Heinrich, C. Hagen, and K. Unterrainer, “Acousto-optically Q-switched diode side-pumped Er:YLF laser generating 50-kW peak power in 70-ns pulses,” Proc. SPIE 10896, 6 (2019).
[Crossref]

Heinecke, D.

Heinrich, A.

M. Messner, A. Heinrich, C. Hagen, and K. Unterrainer, “Acousto-optically Q-switched diode side-pumped Er:YLF laser generating 50-kW peak power in 70-ns pulses,” Proc. SPIE 10896, 6 (2019).
[Crossref]

Hiigele, A.

A. Hiigele, G. Hörbe, H. Lubatschowski, H. Welling, and W. Ertmer, “2.70 µm Cr,Er:YSGG laser with high output energy and FTIR-Q-switch,” Opt. Commun. 125(1-3), 90–94 (1996).
[Crossref]

Hörbe, G.

A. Hiigele, G. Hörbe, H. Lubatschowski, H. Welling, and W. Ertmer, “2.70 µm Cr,Er:YSGG laser with high output energy and FTIR-Q-switch,” Opt. Commun. 125(1-3), 90–94 (1996).
[Crossref]

Hu, L. Z.

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Mid-Infrared Laser Performances of Er:YAP Crystals Pumped by Xenon Lamp,” Chin. J. Las. 46(4), 0401003 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84, 59–65 (2018).
[Crossref]

Hu, S. W.

Hu, X. B.

H. K. Kong, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, X. Yin, S. J. Zhang, Y. G. Liu, X. F. Cheng, L. Gao, X. B. Hu, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth, properties and application as electrooptic Q-switch of langasite crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 254(3-4), 360–367 (2003).
[Crossref]

Jelinkova, H.

P. Koranda, M. Nemec, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, and M. Cech, “Electro-optically Q-switched Er:YAG laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper WB7.

Jiang, H. H.

Jiang, M. H.

H. K. Kong, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, X. Yin, S. J. Zhang, Y. G. Liu, X. F. Cheng, L. Gao, X. B. Hu, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth, properties and application as electrooptic Q-switch of langasite crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 254(3-4), 360–367 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kawase, H.

H. Kawase and R. Yasuhara, “2.92-µm high-efficiency continuous-wave laser operation of diode-pumped Er:YAP crystal at room temperature,” Opt. Express 27(9), 12213–12220 (2019).
[Crossref]

H. Kawase, H. Uehara H, J. Chen, and R. Yasuhara, “Passively Q-switched 2.9 µm Er:YAP single crystal laser using graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 12(10), 102006 (2019).
[Crossref]

Kong, H. K.

H. K. Kong, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, X. Yin, S. J. Zhang, Y. G. Liu, X. F. Cheng, L. Gao, X. B. Hu, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth, properties and application as electrooptic Q-switch of langasite crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 254(3-4), 360–367 (2003).
[Crossref]

Koranda, P.

P. Koranda, M. Nemec, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, and M. Cech, “Electro-optically Q-switched Er:YAG laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper WB7.

Li, J. F.

Z. Y. You, Y. Wang, J. L. Xu, Z. J. Zhu, J. F. Li, and C. Y. Tu, “Diode-End-Pumped Midinfrared Multiwavelength Er:Pr:GGG Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 667–670 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

Liu, K.

Liu, Y. G.

H. K. Kong, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, X. Yin, S. J. Zhang, Y. G. Liu, X. F. Cheng, L. Gao, X. B. Hu, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth, properties and application as electrooptic Q-switch of langasite crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 254(3-4), 360–367 (2003).
[Crossref]

Lubatschowski, H.

A. Hiigele, G. Hörbe, H. Lubatschowski, H. Welling, and W. Ertmer, “2.70 µm Cr,Er:YSGG laser with high output energy and FTIR-Q-switch,” Opt. Commun. 125(1-3), 90–94 (1996).
[Crossref]

Luo, F.

H. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, F. Luo, Z. Q. Peng, X. Y. Fang, M. J Zhao, Q. L. Cheng, Q. Zhang, S. T. Guo, and Yin, “Growth, structure, and spectroscopic properties of a Cr3+, Tm3+, Ho3+, and Pr3+ co-doped LuYAG single crystal for 2.9 µm laser,” CrystEngComm 18(31), 5826–5831 (2016).
[Crossref]

Luo, J. Q.

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Mid-Infrared Laser Performances of Er:YAP Crystals Pumped by Xenon Lamp,” Chin. J. Las. 46(4), 0401003 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84, 59–65 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, F. Luo, Z. Q. Peng, X. Y. Fang, M. J Zhao, Q. L. Cheng, Q. Zhang, S. T. Guo, and Yin, “Growth, structure, and spectroscopic properties of a Cr3+, Tm3+, Ho3+, and Pr3+ co-doped LuYAG single crystal for 2.9 µm laser,” CrystEngComm 18(31), 5826–5831 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lupei, V.

V. Lupei, S. Georgescu, and V. Florea, “On the dynamics of population inversion for 3 µm Er3+ lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(2), 426–434 (1993).
[Crossref]

Messner, M.

M. Messner, A. Heinrich, C. Hagen, and K. Unterrainer, “Acousto-optically Q-switched diode side-pumped Er:YLF laser generating 50-kW peak power in 70-ns pulses,” Proc. SPIE 10896, 6 (2019).
[Crossref]

Nemec, M.

P. Koranda, M. Nemec, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, and M. Cech, “Electro-optically Q-switched Er:YAG laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper WB7.

Nyga, P.

Peng, Z. Q.

H. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, F. Luo, Z. Q. Peng, X. Y. Fang, M. J Zhao, Q. L. Cheng, Q. Zhang, S. T. Guo, and Yin, “Growth, structure, and spectroscopic properties of a Cr3+, Tm3+, Ho3+, and Pr3+ co-doped LuYAG single crystal for 2.9 µm laser,” CrystEngComm 18(31), 5826–5831 (2016).
[Crossref]

Pollack, S. A.

S. A. Pollack and D. B. Chang, “Up-conversion pumped population kinetics for 4113/2 and 4111/2 laser states of Er3+ ion in several host crystals,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 22(S1), S75–S93 (1990).
[Crossref]

Quan, C.

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Mid-Infrared Laser Performances of Er:YAP Crystals Pumped by Xenon Lamp,” Chin. J. Las. 46(4), 0401003 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84, 59–65 (2018).
[Crossref]

Shi, H. X.

Skorczakowski, M.

Sulc, J.

P. Koranda, M. Nemec, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, and M. Cech, “Electro-optically Q-switched Er:YAG laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper WB7.

Sun, D. L.

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Mid-Infrared Laser Performances of Er:YAP Crystals Pumped by Xenon Lamp,” Chin. J. Las. 46(4), 0401003 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84, 59–65 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, F. Luo, Z. Q. Peng, X. Y. Fang, M. J Zhao, Q. L. Cheng, Q. Zhang, S. T. Guo, and Yin, “Growth, structure, and spectroscopic properties of a Cr3+, Tm3+, Ho3+, and Pr3+ co-doped LuYAG single crystal for 2.9 µm laser,” CrystEngComm 18(31), 5826–5831 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Wang, J. T. Wang, J. W. Yang, X. Y. Wu, D. L. Sun, S. T. Yin, H. H. Jiang, J. Y. Wang, and C. Q. Xu, “2.79 µm high peak power LGS electro-optically Q-switched Cr,Er:YSGG laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(12), 2150–2152 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sun, Z. W.

H. G. Yang, Z. W. Dai, and Z. W. Sun, “Upconversion luminescence and kinetics in Er3+:YAlO3 under 652.2 nm excitation,” J. Lumin. 124(2), 207–212 (2007).
[Crossref]

Swiderski, J.

Tan, F. Z.

Tu, C. Y.

Z. Y. You, Y. Wang, J. L. Xu, Z. J. Zhu, J. F. Li, and C. Y. Tu, “Diode-End-Pumped Midinfrared Multiwavelength Er:Pr:GGG Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 667–670 (2014).
[Crossref]

Uehara H, H.

H. Kawase, H. Uehara H, J. Chen, and R. Yasuhara, “Passively Q-switched 2.9 µm Er:YAP single crystal laser using graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 12(10), 102006 (2019).
[Crossref]

Unterrainer, K.

M. Messner, A. Heinrich, C. Hagen, and K. Unterrainer, “Acousto-optically Q-switched diode side-pumped Er:YLF laser generating 50-kW peak power in 70-ns pulses,” Proc. SPIE 10896, 6 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wang, J. T.

Wang, J. Y.

Wang, L.

Wang, P.

Wang, Y.

Z. Y. You, Y. Wang, J. L. Xu, Z. J. Zhu, J. F. Li, and C. Y. Tu, “Diode-End-Pumped Midinfrared Multiwavelength Er:Pr:GGG Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 667–670 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z. Y.

Welling, H.

A. Hiigele, G. Hörbe, H. Lubatschowski, H. Welling, and W. Ertmer, “2.70 µm Cr,Er:YSGG laser with high output energy and FTIR-Q-switch,” Opt. Commun. 125(1-3), 90–94 (1996).
[Crossref]

Wu, H. X.

Wu, X. Y.

Wu, Y. C.

Xu, C. Q.

Xu, J.

Xu, J. L.

Z. Y. You, Y. Wang, J. L. Xu, Z. J. Zhu, J. F. Li, and C. Y. Tu, “Diode-End-Pumped Midinfrared Multiwavelength Er:Pr:GGG Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 667–670 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, H. G.

H. G. Yang, Z. W. Dai, and Z. W. Sun, “Upconversion luminescence and kinetics in Er3+:YAlO3 under 652.2 nm excitation,” J. Lumin. 124(2), 207–212 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yang, J. W.

Yang, K. J.

Yao, J. Y.

Yasuhara, R.

H. Kawase and R. Yasuhara, “2.92-µm high-efficiency continuous-wave laser operation of diode-pumped Er:YAP crystal at room temperature,” Opt. Express 27(9), 12213–12220 (2019).
[Crossref]

H. Kawase, H. Uehara H, J. Chen, and R. Yasuhara, “Passively Q-switched 2.9 µm Er:YAP single crystal laser using graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 12(10), 102006 (2019).
[Crossref]

Yin,

H. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, F. Luo, Z. Q. Peng, X. Y. Fang, M. J Zhao, Q. L. Cheng, Q. Zhang, S. T. Guo, and Yin, “Growth, structure, and spectroscopic properties of a Cr3+, Tm3+, Ho3+, and Pr3+ co-doped LuYAG single crystal for 2.9 µm laser,” CrystEngComm 18(31), 5826–5831 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yin, S. T.

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Mid-Infrared Laser Performances of Er:YAP Crystals Pumped by Xenon Lamp,” Chin. J. Las. 46(4), 0401003 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84, 59–65 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Wang, J. T. Wang, J. W. Yang, X. Y. Wu, D. L. Sun, S. T. Yin, H. H. Jiang, J. Y. Wang, and C. Q. Xu, “2.79 µm high peak power LGS electro-optically Q-switched Cr,Er:YSGG laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(12), 2150–2152 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yin, X.

H. K. Kong, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, X. Yin, S. J. Zhang, Y. G. Liu, X. F. Cheng, L. Gao, X. B. Hu, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth, properties and application as electrooptic Q-switch of langasite crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 254(3-4), 360–367 (2003).
[Crossref]

You, Z. Y.

Z. Y. You, Y. Wang, J. L. Xu, Z. J. Zhu, J. F. Li, and C. Y. Tu, “Diode-End-Pumped Midinfrared Multiwavelength Er:Pr:GGG Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 667–670 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zajac, A.

Zhang, H. J.

H. K. Kong, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, X. Yin, S. J. Zhang, Y. G. Liu, X. F. Cheng, L. Gao, X. B. Hu, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth, properties and application as electrooptic Q-switch of langasite crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 254(3-4), 360–367 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H. L.

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Mid-Infrared Laser Performances of Er:YAP Crystals Pumped by Xenon Lamp,” Chin. J. Las. 46(4), 0401003 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84, 59–65 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, F. Luo, Z. Q. Peng, X. Y. Fang, M. J Zhao, Q. L. Cheng, Q. Zhang, S. T. Guo, and Yin, “Growth, structure, and spectroscopic properties of a Cr3+, Tm3+, Ho3+, and Pr3+ co-doped LuYAG single crystal for 2.9 µm laser,” CrystEngComm 18(31), 5826–5831 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

H. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, F. Luo, Z. Q. Peng, X. Y. Fang, M. J Zhao, Q. L. Cheng, Q. Zhang, S. T. Guo, and Yin, “Growth, structure, and spectroscopic properties of a Cr3+, Tm3+, Ho3+, and Pr3+ co-doped LuYAG single crystal for 2.9 µm laser,” CrystEngComm 18(31), 5826–5831 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q. L.

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Mid-Infrared Laser Performances of Er:YAP Crystals Pumped by Xenon Lamp,” Chin. J. Las. 46(4), 0401003 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84, 59–65 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S. J.

H. K. Kong, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, X. Yin, S. J. Zhang, Y. G. Liu, X. F. Cheng, L. Gao, X. B. Hu, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth, properties and application as electrooptic Q-switch of langasite crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 254(3-4), 360–367 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zhao, G. J.

Zhao, M. J

H. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, F. Luo, Z. Q. Peng, X. Y. Fang, M. J Zhao, Q. L. Cheng, Q. Zhang, S. T. Guo, and Yin, “Growth, structure, and spectroscopic properties of a Cr3+, Tm3+, Ho3+, and Pr3+ co-doped LuYAG single crystal for 2.9 µm laser,” CrystEngComm 18(31), 5826–5831 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhao, X. Y.

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Mid-Infrared Laser Performances of Er:YAP Crystals Pumped by Xenon Lamp,” Chin. J. Las. 46(4), 0401003 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84, 59–65 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zheng, L. H.

Zhu, Z. J.

Z. Y. You, Y. Wang, J. L. Xu, Z. J. Zhu, J. F. Li, and C. Y. Tu, “Diode-End-Pumped Midinfrared Multiwavelength Er:Pr:GGG Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 667–670 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

H. Kawase, H. Uehara H, J. Chen, and R. Yasuhara, “Passively Q-switched 2.9 µm Er:YAP single crystal laser using graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 12(10), 102006 (2019).
[Crossref]

Chin. J. Las. (1)

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Mid-Infrared Laser Performances of Er:YAP Crystals Pumped by Xenon Lamp,” Chin. J. Las. 46(4), 0401003 (2019).
[Crossref]

CrystEngComm (1)

H. L. Zhang, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, F. Luo, Z. Q. Peng, X. Y. Fang, M. J Zhao, Q. L. Cheng, Q. Zhang, S. T. Guo, and Yin, “Growth, structure, and spectroscopic properties of a Cr3+, Tm3+, Ho3+, and Pr3+ co-doped LuYAG single crystal for 2.9 µm laser,” CrystEngComm 18(31), 5826–5831 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

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[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

Z. Y. You, Y. Wang, J. L. Xu, Z. J. Zhu, J. F. Li, and C. Y. Tu, “Diode-End-Pumped Midinfrared Multiwavelength Er:Pr:GGG Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 667–670 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

H. K. Kong, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, X. Yin, S. J. Zhang, Y. G. Liu, X. F. Cheng, L. Gao, X. B. Hu, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth, properties and application as electrooptic Q-switch of langasite crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 254(3-4), 360–367 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Lumin. (1)

H. G. Yang, Z. W. Dai, and Z. W. Sun, “Upconversion luminescence and kinetics in Er3+:YAlO3 under 652.2 nm excitation,” J. Lumin. 124(2), 207–212 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Hiigele, G. Hörbe, H. Lubatschowski, H. Welling, and W. Ertmer, “2.70 µm Cr,Er:YSGG laser with high output energy and FTIR-Q-switch,” Opt. Commun. 125(1-3), 90–94 (1996).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mater. (1)

C. Quan, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Q. Fang, X. Y. Zhao, L. Z. Hu, M. J. Cheng, Q. L. Zhang, and S. T. Yin, “Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. 84, 59–65 (2018).
[Crossref]

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. A. Pollack and D. B. Chang, “Up-conversion pumped population kinetics for 4113/2 and 4111/2 laser states of Er3+ ion in several host crystals,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 22(S1), S75–S93 (1990).
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Proc. SPIE (1)

M. Messner, A. Heinrich, C. Hagen, and K. Unterrainer, “Acousto-optically Q-switched diode side-pumped Er:YLF laser generating 50-kW peak power in 70-ns pulses,” Proc. SPIE 10896, 6 (2019).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

P. Koranda, M. Nemec, H. Jelinkova, J. Sulc, and M. Cech, “Electro-optically Q-switched Er:YAG laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper WB7.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Experimental setup of the LGS Q-switched Er,Pr:YAP laser.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Laser performance of Er,Pr:YAP crystal rods with different OCs operated at 1, 5,10 and 20 Hz (a) T=5%, (b) T=15%,(c) T=30%,(d) T=40%.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Laser performance of Er,Pr:YAP crystal rods with an OC of 70% transmission operated at 1, 5,10 and 20 Hz; (b) Laser polarization characteristic of Er,Pr:YAP crystal rods with an OC of 70% transmission operated at 5 Hz
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) Output energy and pulse width as a function of pump energy; (b) Photo of a Q-switched pulse profile taken from an oscilloscope.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Beam diameter versus propagation distance for Er,Pr:YAP crystal (a) in free running mode; (b) in static Q-switch mode; (c) in dynamic Q-switch mode.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Specific spectral compositions of Er,Pr:YAP laser

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