Abstract

A multi-view 3D display system consisting of modules for capturing three-dimensional objects, image processing (creating 3D image files), and a display screen for displaying 3D images has been developed. Large screens using multiple projectors to improve performance, such as view resolution, have been created. A prototype of the device was built using four projectors equivalent to 4K resolution, and 34-inch 3D images with a viewing angle of 35 degrees and a large depth were demonstrated. The display screens are designed using a vertically aligned lenticular sheet and a scattering layer that evenly diffuses light in both vertical and horizontal directions. We have experimentally demonstrated the ability to “look around” an object on the screen.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2019 (2)

2018 (1)

N. Okaichi, M. Miura, H. Sasaki, H. Watanabe, J. Arai, M. Kawakita, and T. Mishina, “Continuous combination of viewing zones in integral three-dimensional display using multiple projectors,” Opt. Eng. 57(06), 1 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (4)

J. Chu, D. Chu, and Q. Smithwick, “Off-axis points encoding/decoding with orbital angular momentum spectrum,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 43757 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. I. Petrov, “Holographic diffuser with controlled scattering indicatrix,” Comp. Opt. 41(6), 831–836 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Okaichi, M. Miura, J. Arai, M. Kawakita, and T. Mishina, “Integral 3D display using multiple LCD panels and multi-image combining optical system,” Opt. Express 25(3), 2805–2817 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. I. Petrov and G. N. Petrova, “Diffraction of partially-coherent light beams by microlens arrays,” Opt. Express 25(19), 22545–22564 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (4)

S. Moon, S.G. Park, C.K. Lee, J. Cho, S. Lee, and B. Lee, “Computational multi-projection display,” Opt. Express 24(8), 9025–9037 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. I. Petrov, “Vector Laguerre–Gauss beams with polarization-orbital angular momentum entanglement in a graded-index medium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 33(7), 1363–1369 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Chu, Q. Smithwick, and D. Chu, “Automultiscopic displays based on orbital angular momentum of light,” J. Opt. 18(8), 085608 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Fan, X. Wang, S. Liang, K. Li, R. Jian, Y. Zhou, J. Wang, and J. Zhou, “Quantitative measurement of global crosstalk for 3D display,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 24(5), 323–329 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

2014 (2)

2013 (6)

J. H. Lee, J. Park, D. Nam, S. Y. Choi, D. S. Park, and C. Y. Kim, “Optimal projector configuration design for 300-Mpixel multi-projection 3D display,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26820–26835 (2013).
[Crossref]

O. Eldes, K. Aksit, and H. Urey, “Multi-view autostereoscopic projection display using rotatory screen,” Opt. Express 21(23), 29043–29054 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495(7441), 348–351 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. C. Wang, S. L. Hwang, H. Y. Huang, and C. F. Chuang, “System cross-talk and three-dimensional cue issues in autostereoscopic displays,” J. Electron. Imaging 22(1), 013032 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. J. Woods, C. R. Harris, D. B. Leggo, and T. M. Rourke, “Characterizing and reducing crosstalk in printed anaglyph stereoscopic 3D images,” Opt. Eng. 52(4), 043203 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Geng, “Three-dimensional display technologies,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 5(4), 456–535 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

2011 (2)

2010 (1)

2005 (1)

J. Y. Son and B. Javidi, “Three-dimensional imaging methods based on multiview images,” J. Disp. Technol. 1(1), 125–140 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (3)

2002 (1)

1995 (1)

J. H. Kulick, G. P. Nordin, A. Parker, S. T. Kowel, R. G. Lindquist, M. Jones, and P. Nasiatka, “Partial pixels: a three-dimensional diffractive display architecture,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 12(1), 73–83 (1995).
[Crossref]

Aksit, K.

Arai, J.

N. Okaichi, M. Miura, H. Sasaki, H. Watanabe, J. Arai, M. Kawakita, and T. Mishina, “Continuous combination of viewing zones in integral three-dimensional display using multiple projectors,” Opt. Eng. 57(06), 1 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Okaichi, M. Miura, J. Arai, M. Kawakita, and T. Mishina, “Integral 3D display using multiple LCD panels and multi-image combining optical system,” Opt. Express 25(3), 2805–2817 (2017).
[Crossref]

Beausoleil, R. G.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495(7441), 348–351 (2013).
[Crossref]

Brug, J.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495(7441), 348–351 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, N.

Cho, J.

Choi, H. J.

Choi, S. Y.

Chu, D.

J. Chu, D. Chu, and Q. Smithwick, “Off-axis points encoding/decoding with orbital angular momentum spectrum,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 43757 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Chu, Q. Smithwick, and D. Chu, “Automultiscopic displays based on orbital angular momentum of light,” J. Opt. 18(8), 085608 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chu, J.

J. Chu, D. Chu, and Q. Smithwick, “Off-axis points encoding/decoding with orbital angular momentum spectrum,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 43757 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Chu, Q. Smithwick, and D. Chu, “Automultiscopic displays based on orbital angular momentum of light,” J. Opt. 18(8), 085608 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chuang, C. F.

P. C. Wang, S. L. Hwang, H. Y. Huang, and C. F. Chuang, “System cross-talk and three-dimensional cue issues in autostereoscopic displays,” J. Electron. Imaging 22(1), 013032 (2013).
[Crossref]

Danilov, V. A.

Dohi, T.

Eldes, O.

Fan, H.

H. Fan, X. Wang, S. Liang, K. Li, R. Jian, Y. Zhou, J. Wang, and J. Zhou, “Quantitative measurement of global crosstalk for 3D display,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 24(5), 323–329 (2016).
[Crossref]

Fattal, D.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495(7441), 348–351 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fiorentino, M.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495(7441), 348–351 (2013).
[Crossref]

Geng, J.

J. Geng, “Three-dimensional display technologies,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 5(4), 456–535 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hahn, J.

Harris, C. R.

A. J. Woods, C. R. Harris, D. B. Leggo, and T. M. Rourke, “Characterizing and reducing crosstalk in printed anaglyph stereoscopic 3D images,” Opt. Eng. 52(4), 043203 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hata, N.

Hirabayashi, K.

Hong, J.

Huang, H. Y.

P. C. Wang, S. L. Hwang, H. Y. Huang, and C. F. Chuang, “System cross-talk and three-dimensional cue issues in autostereoscopic displays,” J. Electron. Imaging 22(1), 013032 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hwang, S. L.

P. C. Wang, S. L. Hwang, H. Y. Huang, and C. F. Chuang, “System cross-talk and three-dimensional cue issues in autostereoscopic displays,” J. Electron. Imaging 22(1), 013032 (2013).
[Crossref]

Iwahara, M.

Jang, J. S.

Jang, J. Y.

Jang, J.-S.

Javidi, B.

Jeong, Y. J.

Jian, R.

H. Fan, X. Wang, S. Liang, K. Li, R. Jian, Y. Zhou, J. Wang, and J. Zhou, “Quantitative measurement of global crosstalk for 3D display,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 24(5), 323–329 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jones, M.

J. H. Kulick, G. P. Nordin, A. Parker, S. T. Kowel, R. G. Lindquist, M. Jones, and P. Nasiatka, “Partial pixels: a three-dimensional diffractive display architecture,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 12(1), 73–83 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kawakita, M.

N. Okaichi, M. Miura, H. Sasaki, H. Watanabe, J. Arai, M. Kawakita, and T. Mishina, “Continuous combination of viewing zones in integral three-dimensional display using multiple projectors,” Opt. Eng. 57(06), 1 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Okaichi, M. Miura, J. Arai, M. Kawakita, and T. Mishina, “Integral 3D display using multiple LCD panels and multi-image combining optical system,” Opt. Express 25(3), 2805–2817 (2017).
[Crossref]

Khromov, M.N.

N.I. Petrov, Y.M. Sokolov, M.N. Khromov, and A.L. Storozheva, “Integral imaging multi-view 3D display,” Frontiers in Optics/Laser Science Conference (FiO/LS), Washington, USA, 2017, Paper JTu2A.107.

Kim, C. Y.

Kim, E. S.

Kim, H.

Kim, Y.

Konuma, O.

Kowel, S. T.

J. H. Kulick, G. P. Nordin, A. Parker, S. T. Kowel, R. G. Lindquist, M. Jones, and P. Nasiatka, “Partial pixels: a three-dimensional diffractive display architecture,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 12(1), 73–83 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kulick, J. H.

J. H. Kulick, G. P. Nordin, A. Parker, S. T. Kowel, R. G. Lindquist, M. Jones, and P. Nasiatka, “Partial pixels: a three-dimensional diffractive display architecture,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 12(1), 73–83 (1995).
[Crossref]

Lee, B.

Lee, B. G.

Lee, B.R.

J.Y. Son, B.R. Lee, M.C. Park, and T. Leportier, “Crosstalk in multiview 3-D images,” Proc. SPIE 9495, 94950P (2015).
[Crossref]

Lee, C.K.

Lee, J. H.

Lee, S.

Leggo, D. B.

A. J. Woods, C. R. Harris, D. B. Leggo, and T. M. Rourke, “Characterizing and reducing crosstalk in printed anaglyph stereoscopic 3D images,” Opt. Eng. 52(4), 043203 (2013).
[Crossref]

Leportier, T.

J.Y. Son, B.R. Lee, M.C. Park, and T. Leportier, “Crosstalk in multiview 3-D images,” Proc. SPIE 9495, 94950P (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, K.

H. Fan, X. Wang, S. Liang, K. Li, R. Jian, Y. Zhou, J. Wang, and J. Zhou, “Quantitative measurement of global crosstalk for 3D display,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 24(5), 323–329 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

X. Li, J. Chu, Q. Smithwick, and D. Chu, “Automultiscopic displays based on orbital angular momentum of light,” J. Opt. 18(8), 085608 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liang, S.

H. Fan, X. Wang, S. Liang, K. Li, R. Jian, Y. Zhou, J. Wang, and J. Zhou, “Quantitative measurement of global crosstalk for 3D display,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 24(5), 323–329 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liao, H.

Lindquist, R. G.

J. H. Kulick, G. P. Nordin, A. Parker, S. T. Kowel, R. G. Lindquist, M. Jones, and P. Nasiatka, “Partial pixels: a three-dimensional diffractive display architecture,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 12(1), 73–83 (1995).
[Crossref]

Lueder, E.

E. Lueder, 3D Displays (John Wiley & Sons, UK, 2012).

Ma, X.

Min, S. W.

Ming, H.

Mishina, T.

N. Okaichi, M. Miura, H. Sasaki, H. Watanabe, J. Arai, M. Kawakita, and T. Mishina, “Continuous combination of viewing zones in integral three-dimensional display using multiple projectors,” Opt. Eng. 57(06), 1 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Okaichi, M. Miura, J. Arai, M. Kawakita, and T. Mishina, “Integral 3D display using multiple LCD panels and multi-image combining optical system,” Opt. Express 25(3), 2805–2817 (2017).
[Crossref]

Miura, M.

N. Okaichi, M. Miura, H. Sasaki, H. Watanabe, J. Arai, M. Kawakita, and T. Mishina, “Continuous combination of viewing zones in integral three-dimensional display using multiple projectors,” Opt. Eng. 57(06), 1 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Okaichi, M. Miura, J. Arai, M. Kawakita, and T. Mishina, “Integral 3D display using multiple LCD panels and multi-image combining optical system,” Opt. Express 25(3), 2805–2817 (2017).
[Crossref]

Moon, S.

Morimoto, Y.

Nago, N.

Nam, D.

Nasiatka, P.

J. H. Kulick, G. P. Nordin, A. Parker, S. T. Kowel, R. G. Lindquist, M. Jones, and P. Nasiatka, “Partial pixels: a three-dimensional diffractive display architecture,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 12(1), 73–83 (1995).
[Crossref]

Nikitin, V. G.

Nordin, G. P.

J. H. Kulick, G. P. Nordin, A. Parker, S. T. Kowel, R. G. Lindquist, M. Jones, and P. Nasiatka, “Partial pixels: a three-dimensional diffractive display architecture,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 12(1), 73–83 (1995).
[Crossref]

Oh, Y.-S.

Okaichi, N.

N. Okaichi, M. Miura, H. Sasaki, H. Watanabe, J. Arai, M. Kawakita, and T. Mishina, “Continuous combination of viewing zones in integral three-dimensional display using multiple projectors,” Opt. Eng. 57(06), 1 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Okaichi, M. Miura, J. Arai, M. Kawakita, and T. Mishina, “Integral 3D display using multiple LCD panels and multi-image combining optical system,” Opt. Express 25(3), 2805–2817 (2017).
[Crossref]

Park, D. S.

Park, J.

Park, J. H.

Park, M.C.

J.Y. Son, B.R. Lee, M.C. Park, and T. Leportier, “Crosstalk in multiview 3-D images,” Proc. SPIE 9495, 94950P (2015).
[Crossref]

Park, S. G.

Park, S.G.

Parker, A.

J. H. Kulick, G. P. Nordin, A. Parker, S. T. Kowel, R. G. Lindquist, M. Jones, and P. Nasiatka, “Partial pixels: a three-dimensional diffractive display architecture,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 12(1), 73–83 (1995).
[Crossref]

Peng, Z.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495(7441), 348–351 (2013).
[Crossref]

Petrov, N. I.

Petrov, N.I.

N.I. Petrov, Y.M. Sokolov, M.N. Khromov, and A.L. Storozheva, “Integral imaging multi-view 3D display,” Frontiers in Optics/Laser Science Conference (FiO/LS), Washington, USA, 2017, Paper JTu2A.107.

Petrova, G. N.

Popov, V. V.

Rourke, T. M.

A. J. Woods, C. R. Harris, D. B. Leggo, and T. M. Rourke, “Characterizing and reducing crosstalk in printed anaglyph stereoscopic 3D images,” Opt. Eng. 52(4), 043203 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sang, X.

Sasaki, H.

N. Okaichi, M. Miura, H. Sasaki, H. Watanabe, J. Arai, M. Kawakita, and T. Mishina, “Continuous combination of viewing zones in integral three-dimensional display using multiple projectors,” Opt. Eng. 57(06), 1 (2018).
[Crossref]

Shin, D.

Smithwick, Q.

J. Chu, D. Chu, and Q. Smithwick, “Off-axis points encoding/decoding with orbital angular momentum spectrum,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 43757 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Chu, Q. Smithwick, and D. Chu, “Automultiscopic displays based on orbital angular momentum of light,” J. Opt. 18(8), 085608 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sokolov, Y.M.

N.I. Petrov, Y.M. Sokolov, M.N. Khromov, and A.L. Storozheva, “Integral imaging multi-view 3D display,” Frontiers in Optics/Laser Science Conference (FiO/LS), Washington, USA, 2017, Paper JTu2A.107.

Son, J. Y.

J. Y. Son and B. Javidi, “Three-dimensional imaging methods based on multiview images,” J. Disp. Technol. 1(1), 125–140 (2005).
[Crossref]

Son, J.Y.

J.Y. Son, B.R. Lee, M.C. Park, and T. Leportier, “Crosstalk in multiview 3-D images,” Proc. SPIE 9495, 94950P (2015).
[Crossref]

Storozheva, A.L.

N.I. Petrov, Y.M. Sokolov, M.N. Khromov, and A.L. Storozheva, “Integral imaging multi-view 3D display,” Frontiers in Optics/Laser Science Conference (FiO/LS), Washington, USA, 2017, Paper JTu2A.107.

Takaki, Y.

Takenaka, H.

Tran, T.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495(7441), 348–351 (2013).
[Crossref]

Urey, H.

Usievich, B. A.

Vo, S.

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J. Soc. Inf. Disp. (1)

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Nature (1)

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[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (2)

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Opt. Lett. (1)

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Other (2)

N.I. Petrov, Y.M. Sokolov, M.N. Khromov, and A.L. Storozheva, “Integral imaging multi-view 3D display,” Frontiers in Optics/Laser Science Conference (FiO/LS), Washington, USA, 2017, Paper JTu2A.107.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Schematic representation of the 3D display system. 1 – projector; 2 – display element; 3 – projection lens; 4 – elemental image; 5 – diffuser layer; 6 – lenticular lens; 7 – viewing zone; 8 – observer; $\varphi$ - viewing angle; D – lens-pitch; f – focal length and R – curvature radius of the elemental lens.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Multi-projector 3D imaging system: (a) front view; (b) rear view of 53-inch screen and 4 HD projectors
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Layout of images on the screen when using 4 projectors. Bright stripes - overlap regions.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Brightness adjustment of an image from a single projector.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Pitch-test images on the screen.(a, b) misalignment due to incorrect distance between the lenticular lens sheet and projector; c) misalignment due to deviation of the screen and projector from the vertical plane; d) correct alignment between the lenticular lenses and projected image.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Rotating platform for image capturing by a camera.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Schematic representation of 3D image file creation method.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. 3D images from different viewing directions. a) view from the right; b) view from the middle; c) view from the left. Arrows show the relative positions of different parts of fighters.
Fig. 9.
Fig. 9. 34-inch images on 53-inch screen. Images at different observation angles: (a) the picture shows a red LED, which is located behind the foot of the warrior (b).

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Parameters of the display prototype.

Equations (1)

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φ = 2 arctan ( D 2 f ) = 2 arctan ( D 2 ( h R ) ) ,

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