Abstract

The upconversion emission studies of Er3+/Yb3+/Tm3+ doped PbZrTiO3 ceramic as a function of different thulium concentrations (0.05, 0.10, 0.15, and 0.20 mol %) are synthesized via a high temperature assisted solid state reaction route. Under 980 nm laser excitation, upconverted emission bands centered at 479, 525, 545, 655, 680 and 800 nm have been observed due to the transitions (1G43H6), (2H11/24I15/2), (4S3/24I15/2), (4F9/24I15/2), (3F33H6), and (3H43H6), respectively. As the thulium concentration increases, the upconverted luminescence intensity increases and, at Tm = 0.15 mol% concentration, the strongest upconversion emission is shown by the sample. The pump power dependence of the upconversion emission intensity has been observed for the optimized sample. Further, the temperature dependent dielectric response of the optimized sample has also been studied.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. E. Cavalli, A. Belletti, R. Mahiou, and P. Boutinaud, “Luminescence properties of Ba2NaNb5O15 crystals activated with Sm3+, Eu3+, Tb3+ or Dy3+ ions,” J. Lumin. 130(4), 733–736 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  25. F. Auzel, “Upconversion and anti-Stokes processes with f and d ions in solids,” Chem. Rev. 104(1), 139–174 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. Y. Zhang, J. Hao, C. L. Mak, and X. Wei, “Effects of site substitutions and concentration on upconversion luminescence of Er(3+)-doped perovskite titanate,” Opt. Express 19(3), 1824–1829 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. P. Maji, R. B. Choudhary, and M. Majhi, “Structural, optical and dielectric properties of ZrO2 reinforced polymeric nanocomposite films of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA),” Optik (Stuttg.) 127(11), 4848–4853 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  28. A. K. Himanshu, B. K. Choudhary, S. N. Singh, D. C. Gupta, S. K. Bandyopadhayay, and T. P. Sinha, “Synthesis and dielectric relaxation studies of Ba substitution in Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3 ceramics by co-precipitation method,” Solid State Sci. 12(7), 1231–1234 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  29. Y. Wu, S. J. Limmer, T. P. Chou, C. Nguyen, and G. Cao, “Influence of tungsten doping on dielectric properties of strontium bismuth niobate ferroelectric ceramics,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 21(12), 947–949 (2002).
    [Crossref]

2018 (1)

M. A. Hassairi, A. Garrido Hernández, M. Dammak, D. Zambon, G. Chadeyron, and R. Mahiou, “Tuning white upconversion emission in GdPO4:Er/Yb/Tm phosphors,” J. Lumin. 203, 707–713 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (1)

M. A. Hassairi, M. Dammak, D. Zambon, G. Chadeyron, and R. Mahiou, “Red–green–blue upconversion luminescence and energy transfer in Yb3+/Er3+/Tm3+ doped YP5O14 ultraphosphates,” J. Lumin. 181, 393–399 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

P. Maji, R. B. Choudhary, and M. Majhi, “Structural, optical and dielectric properties of ZrO2 reinforced polymeric nanocomposite films of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA),” Optik (Stuttg.) 127(11), 4848–4853 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

M. K. Mahata, T. Koppe, T. Mondal, C. Brüsewitz, K. Kumar, V. Kumar Rai, H. Hofsäss, and U. Vetter, “Incorporation of Zn2+ ions into BaTiO3:Er3+/Yb3+ nanophosphor: an effective way to enhance upconversion, defect luminescence and temperature sensing,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 17(32), 20741–20753 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Fu, S. Gong, X. Liu, G. Xu, Z. Ren, X. Li, and G. Han, “Crystallization and concentration modulated tunable upconversion luminescence of Er3+ doped PZT nanofibers,” J. Mater. Chem. 3, 382–389 (2015).

Y. Yao, L. Luo, W. Li, J. Zhou, and F. Wang, “An intuitive method to probe phase structure by upconversion photoluminescence of Er3+ doped in ferroelectric Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(8), 082906 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

L. Shi, Q. Shen, and Z. Qiu, “Concentration-dependent upconversion emission in Er-doped and Er/Yb-codoped LiTaO3 polycrystals,” J. Lumin. 148, 94–97 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, H. Du, L. Liu, and J. Leng, “Shape memory polymers and their composites in aerospace applications: a review,” Smart Mater. Struct. 23(2), 023001 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. K. Gnanasammandhan Jayakumar, K. Huang, and Y. Zhang, “Tuning the energy migration and new insights into the mechanism of upconversion,” Nanoscale 6(15), 8439–8440 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

Y. Li, Z. Song, C. Li, R. Wan, J. Qiu, Z. Yang, Z. Yin, Y. Yang, X. Wang, and Q. Wang, “Efficient near-infrared to visible and ultraviolet upconversion in polycrystalline BiOCl: Er3+/Yb3+ synthesized at low temperature,” Ceram. Int. 39(8), 8911–8916 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

I. Etchart, M. Bérard, M. Laroche, A. Huignard, I. Hernández, W. P. Gillin, R. J. Curry, and A. K. Cheetham, “Efficient white light emission by upconversion in Yb3+-, Er3+- and Tm3+-doped Y2BaZnO5,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 47(22), 6263–6265 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, J. Hao, C. L. Mak, and X. Wei, “Effects of site substitutions and concentration on upconversion luminescence of Er(3+)-doped perovskite titanate,” Opt. Express 19(3), 1824–1829 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

A. K. Himanshu, B. K. Choudhary, S. N. Singh, D. C. Gupta, S. K. Bandyopadhayay, and T. P. Sinha, “Synthesis and dielectric relaxation studies of Ba substitution in Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3 ceramics by co-precipitation method,” Solid State Sci. 12(7), 1231–1234 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. Cavalli, A. Belletti, R. Mahiou, and P. Boutinaud, “Luminescence properties of Ba2NaNb5O15 crystals activated with Sm3+, Eu3+, Tb3+ or Dy3+ ions,” J. Lumin. 130(4), 733–736 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

F. Vetrone, V. Mahalingam, and J. A. Capobianco, “Near-infrared-to-blue upconversion in colloidal BaYF5:Tm3+, Yb3+ nanocrystals,” Chem. Mater. 21(9), 1847–1851 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Zhang, J. Li, J. Shan, L. Xu, and D. Zhao, “Shape, size, and phase-controlled rare-earth fluoride nanocrystals with optical up-conversion properties,” Chemistry 15(41), 11010–11019 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. T. Mather, X. Luo, and I. A. Rousseau, “Shape memory polymer research,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 39(1), 445–471 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

D. Ratna and J. Karger-Kocsis, “Recent advances in shape memory polymers and composites: a review,” J. Mater. Sci. 43(1), 254–269 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

M. Behl and A. Lendlein, “Shaper-memory polymers,” Mater. Today 10(4), 20–28 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. Liu, H. Qin, and P. T. Mather, “Review of progress in shape-memory polymers,” J. Mater. Chem. 17(16), 1543–1558 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

J. F. Suyver, A. Aebischer, S. García-Revilla, P. Gerner, and H. U. Güdel, “Anomalous power dependence of sensitized upconversion luminescence,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 71(12), 125123 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

F. Auzel, “Upconversion and anti-Stokes processes with f and d ions in solids,” Chem. Rev. 104(1), 139–174 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Goel, K. L. Yadav, and A. R. James, “Double doping effect on the structural and dielectric properties of PZT ceramics,” J. Phys. D 37(22), 3174–3179 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

A. Lendlein and S. Kelch, “Shape-memory polymers,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 41(12), 2034–2057 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wu, S. J. Limmer, T. P. Chou, C. Nguyen, and G. Cao, “Influence of tungsten doping on dielectric properties of strontium bismuth niobate ferroelectric ceramics,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 21(12), 947–949 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

S. B. Majumder, B. Roy, R. S. Katiyar, and S. B. Krupanidhi, “Effect of neodymium (Nd) doping on the dielectric and ferroelectric characteristics of sol-gel derived lead zirconate titanate (53/47) thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(6), 2975–2984 (2001).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, C. N. Xu, K. Nonaka, and H. Tateyama, “Photoluminescence and triboluminescence of PZT materials at room temperature,” Ferroelectrics 264(1), 331–336 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

D. S. Lee, J. Heikenfeld, R. Birkhahn, M. Garter, B. K. Lee, and A. J. Steckl, “Voltage-controlled yellow or orange emission from GaN codoped with Er and Eu,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(12), 1525–1527 (2000).
[Crossref]

Aebischer, A.

J. F. Suyver, A. Aebischer, S. García-Revilla, P. Gerner, and H. U. Güdel, “Anomalous power dependence of sensitized upconversion luminescence,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 71(12), 125123 (2005).
[Crossref]

Auzel, F.

F. Auzel, “Upconversion and anti-Stokes processes with f and d ions in solids,” Chem. Rev. 104(1), 139–174 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bandyopadhayay, S. K.

A. K. Himanshu, B. K. Choudhary, S. N. Singh, D. C. Gupta, S. K. Bandyopadhayay, and T. P. Sinha, “Synthesis and dielectric relaxation studies of Ba substitution in Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3 ceramics by co-precipitation method,” Solid State Sci. 12(7), 1231–1234 (2010).
[Crossref]

Behl, M.

M. Behl and A. Lendlein, “Shaper-memory polymers,” Mater. Today 10(4), 20–28 (2007).
[Crossref]

Belletti, A.

E. Cavalli, A. Belletti, R. Mahiou, and P. Boutinaud, “Luminescence properties of Ba2NaNb5O15 crystals activated with Sm3+, Eu3+, Tb3+ or Dy3+ ions,” J. Lumin. 130(4), 733–736 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bérard, M.

I. Etchart, M. Bérard, M. Laroche, A. Huignard, I. Hernández, W. P. Gillin, R. J. Curry, and A. K. Cheetham, “Efficient white light emission by upconversion in Yb3+-, Er3+- and Tm3+-doped Y2BaZnO5,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 47(22), 6263–6265 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Birkhahn, R.

D. S. Lee, J. Heikenfeld, R. Birkhahn, M. Garter, B. K. Lee, and A. J. Steckl, “Voltage-controlled yellow or orange emission from GaN codoped with Er and Eu,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(12), 1525–1527 (2000).
[Crossref]

Boutinaud, P.

E. Cavalli, A. Belletti, R. Mahiou, and P. Boutinaud, “Luminescence properties of Ba2NaNb5O15 crystals activated with Sm3+, Eu3+, Tb3+ or Dy3+ ions,” J. Lumin. 130(4), 733–736 (2010).
[Crossref]

Brüsewitz, C.

M. K. Mahata, T. Koppe, T. Mondal, C. Brüsewitz, K. Kumar, V. Kumar Rai, H. Hofsäss, and U. Vetter, “Incorporation of Zn2+ ions into BaTiO3:Er3+/Yb3+ nanophosphor: an effective way to enhance upconversion, defect luminescence and temperature sensing,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 17(32), 20741–20753 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, G.

Y. Wu, S. J. Limmer, T. P. Chou, C. Nguyen, and G. Cao, “Influence of tungsten doping on dielectric properties of strontium bismuth niobate ferroelectric ceramics,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 21(12), 947–949 (2002).
[Crossref]

Capobianco, J. A.

F. Vetrone, V. Mahalingam, and J. A. Capobianco, “Near-infrared-to-blue upconversion in colloidal BaYF5:Tm3+, Yb3+ nanocrystals,” Chem. Mater. 21(9), 1847–1851 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cavalli, E.

E. Cavalli, A. Belletti, R. Mahiou, and P. Boutinaud, “Luminescence properties of Ba2NaNb5O15 crystals activated with Sm3+, Eu3+, Tb3+ or Dy3+ ions,” J. Lumin. 130(4), 733–736 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chadeyron, G.

M. A. Hassairi, A. Garrido Hernández, M. Dammak, D. Zambon, G. Chadeyron, and R. Mahiou, “Tuning white upconversion emission in GdPO4:Er/Yb/Tm phosphors,” J. Lumin. 203, 707–713 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. A. Hassairi, M. Dammak, D. Zambon, G. Chadeyron, and R. Mahiou, “Red–green–blue upconversion luminescence and energy transfer in Yb3+/Er3+/Tm3+ doped YP5O14 ultraphosphates,” J. Lumin. 181, 393–399 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cheetham, A. K.

I. Etchart, M. Bérard, M. Laroche, A. Huignard, I. Hernández, W. P. Gillin, R. J. Curry, and A. K. Cheetham, “Efficient white light emission by upconversion in Yb3+-, Er3+- and Tm3+-doped Y2BaZnO5,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 47(22), 6263–6265 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chou, T. P.

Y. Wu, S. J. Limmer, T. P. Chou, C. Nguyen, and G. Cao, “Influence of tungsten doping on dielectric properties of strontium bismuth niobate ferroelectric ceramics,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 21(12), 947–949 (2002).
[Crossref]

Choudhary, B. K.

A. K. Himanshu, B. K. Choudhary, S. N. Singh, D. C. Gupta, S. K. Bandyopadhayay, and T. P. Sinha, “Synthesis and dielectric relaxation studies of Ba substitution in Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3 ceramics by co-precipitation method,” Solid State Sci. 12(7), 1231–1234 (2010).
[Crossref]

Choudhary, R. B.

P. Maji, R. B. Choudhary, and M. Majhi, “Structural, optical and dielectric properties of ZrO2 reinforced polymeric nanocomposite films of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA),” Optik (Stuttg.) 127(11), 4848–4853 (2016).
[Crossref]

Curry, R. J.

I. Etchart, M. Bérard, M. Laroche, A. Huignard, I. Hernández, W. P. Gillin, R. J. Curry, and A. K. Cheetham, “Efficient white light emission by upconversion in Yb3+-, Er3+- and Tm3+-doped Y2BaZnO5,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 47(22), 6263–6265 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dammak, M.

M. A. Hassairi, A. Garrido Hernández, M. Dammak, D. Zambon, G. Chadeyron, and R. Mahiou, “Tuning white upconversion emission in GdPO4:Er/Yb/Tm phosphors,” J. Lumin. 203, 707–713 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. A. Hassairi, M. Dammak, D. Zambon, G. Chadeyron, and R. Mahiou, “Red–green–blue upconversion luminescence and energy transfer in Yb3+/Er3+/Tm3+ doped YP5O14 ultraphosphates,” J. Lumin. 181, 393–399 (2017).
[Crossref]

Du, H.

Y. Liu, H. Du, L. Liu, and J. Leng, “Shape memory polymers and their composites in aerospace applications: a review,” Smart Mater. Struct. 23(2), 023001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Etchart, I.

I. Etchart, M. Bérard, M. Laroche, A. Huignard, I. Hernández, W. P. Gillin, R. J. Curry, and A. K. Cheetham, “Efficient white light emission by upconversion in Yb3+-, Er3+- and Tm3+-doped Y2BaZnO5,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 47(22), 6263–6265 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fu, Y.

Y. Fu, S. Gong, X. Liu, G. Xu, Z. Ren, X. Li, and G. Han, “Crystallization and concentration modulated tunable upconversion luminescence of Er3+ doped PZT nanofibers,” J. Mater. Chem. 3, 382–389 (2015).

García-Revilla, S.

J. F. Suyver, A. Aebischer, S. García-Revilla, P. Gerner, and H. U. Güdel, “Anomalous power dependence of sensitized upconversion luminescence,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 71(12), 125123 (2005).
[Crossref]

Garrido Hernández, A.

M. A. Hassairi, A. Garrido Hernández, M. Dammak, D. Zambon, G. Chadeyron, and R. Mahiou, “Tuning white upconversion emission in GdPO4:Er/Yb/Tm phosphors,” J. Lumin. 203, 707–713 (2018).
[Crossref]

Garter, M.

D. S. Lee, J. Heikenfeld, R. Birkhahn, M. Garter, B. K. Lee, and A. J. Steckl, “Voltage-controlled yellow or orange emission from GaN codoped with Er and Eu,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(12), 1525–1527 (2000).
[Crossref]

Gerner, P.

J. F. Suyver, A. Aebischer, S. García-Revilla, P. Gerner, and H. U. Güdel, “Anomalous power dependence of sensitized upconversion luminescence,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 71(12), 125123 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gillin, W. P.

I. Etchart, M. Bérard, M. Laroche, A. Huignard, I. Hernández, W. P. Gillin, R. J. Curry, and A. K. Cheetham, “Efficient white light emission by upconversion in Yb3+-, Er3+- and Tm3+-doped Y2BaZnO5,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 47(22), 6263–6265 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gnanasammandhan Jayakumar, M. K.

M. K. Gnanasammandhan Jayakumar, K. Huang, and Y. Zhang, “Tuning the energy migration and new insights into the mechanism of upconversion,” Nanoscale 6(15), 8439–8440 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Goel, P.

P. Goel, K. L. Yadav, and A. R. James, “Double doping effect on the structural and dielectric properties of PZT ceramics,” J. Phys. D 37(22), 3174–3179 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gong, S.

Y. Fu, S. Gong, X. Liu, G. Xu, Z. Ren, X. Li, and G. Han, “Crystallization and concentration modulated tunable upconversion luminescence of Er3+ doped PZT nanofibers,” J. Mater. Chem. 3, 382–389 (2015).

Güdel, H. U.

J. F. Suyver, A. Aebischer, S. García-Revilla, P. Gerner, and H. U. Güdel, “Anomalous power dependence of sensitized upconversion luminescence,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 71(12), 125123 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gupta, D. C.

A. K. Himanshu, B. K. Choudhary, S. N. Singh, D. C. Gupta, S. K. Bandyopadhayay, and T. P. Sinha, “Synthesis and dielectric relaxation studies of Ba substitution in Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3 ceramics by co-precipitation method,” Solid State Sci. 12(7), 1231–1234 (2010).
[Crossref]

Han, G.

Y. Fu, S. Gong, X. Liu, G. Xu, Z. Ren, X. Li, and G. Han, “Crystallization and concentration modulated tunable upconversion luminescence of Er3+ doped PZT nanofibers,” J. Mater. Chem. 3, 382–389 (2015).

Hao, J.

Hassairi, M. A.

M. A. Hassairi, A. Garrido Hernández, M. Dammak, D. Zambon, G. Chadeyron, and R. Mahiou, “Tuning white upconversion emission in GdPO4:Er/Yb/Tm phosphors,” J. Lumin. 203, 707–713 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. A. Hassairi, M. Dammak, D. Zambon, G. Chadeyron, and R. Mahiou, “Red–green–blue upconversion luminescence and energy transfer in Yb3+/Er3+/Tm3+ doped YP5O14 ultraphosphates,” J. Lumin. 181, 393–399 (2017).
[Crossref]

Heikenfeld, J.

D. S. Lee, J. Heikenfeld, R. Birkhahn, M. Garter, B. K. Lee, and A. J. Steckl, “Voltage-controlled yellow or orange emission from GaN codoped with Er and Eu,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(12), 1525–1527 (2000).
[Crossref]

Hernández, I.

I. Etchart, M. Bérard, M. Laroche, A. Huignard, I. Hernández, W. P. Gillin, R. J. Curry, and A. K. Cheetham, “Efficient white light emission by upconversion in Yb3+-, Er3+- and Tm3+-doped Y2BaZnO5,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 47(22), 6263–6265 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Himanshu, A. K.

A. K. Himanshu, B. K. Choudhary, S. N. Singh, D. C. Gupta, S. K. Bandyopadhayay, and T. P. Sinha, “Synthesis and dielectric relaxation studies of Ba substitution in Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3 ceramics by co-precipitation method,” Solid State Sci. 12(7), 1231–1234 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hofsäss, H.

M. K. Mahata, T. Koppe, T. Mondal, C. Brüsewitz, K. Kumar, V. Kumar Rai, H. Hofsäss, and U. Vetter, “Incorporation of Zn2+ ions into BaTiO3:Er3+/Yb3+ nanophosphor: an effective way to enhance upconversion, defect luminescence and temperature sensing,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 17(32), 20741–20753 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, K.

M. K. Gnanasammandhan Jayakumar, K. Huang, and Y. Zhang, “Tuning the energy migration and new insights into the mechanism of upconversion,” Nanoscale 6(15), 8439–8440 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huignard, A.

I. Etchart, M. Bérard, M. Laroche, A. Huignard, I. Hernández, W. P. Gillin, R. J. Curry, and A. K. Cheetham, “Efficient white light emission by upconversion in Yb3+-, Er3+- and Tm3+-doped Y2BaZnO5,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 47(22), 6263–6265 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

James, A. R.

P. Goel, K. L. Yadav, and A. R. James, “Double doping effect on the structural and dielectric properties of PZT ceramics,” J. Phys. D 37(22), 3174–3179 (2004).
[Crossref]

Karger-Kocsis, J.

D. Ratna and J. Karger-Kocsis, “Recent advances in shape memory polymers and composites: a review,” J. Mater. Sci. 43(1), 254–269 (2008).
[Crossref]

Katiyar, R. S.

S. B. Majumder, B. Roy, R. S. Katiyar, and S. B. Krupanidhi, “Effect of neodymium (Nd) doping on the dielectric and ferroelectric characteristics of sol-gel derived lead zirconate titanate (53/47) thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(6), 2975–2984 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kelch, S.

A. Lendlein and S. Kelch, “Shape-memory polymers,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 41(12), 2034–2057 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koppe, T.

M. K. Mahata, T. Koppe, T. Mondal, C. Brüsewitz, K. Kumar, V. Kumar Rai, H. Hofsäss, and U. Vetter, “Incorporation of Zn2+ ions into BaTiO3:Er3+/Yb3+ nanophosphor: an effective way to enhance upconversion, defect luminescence and temperature sensing,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 17(32), 20741–20753 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krupanidhi, S. B.

S. B. Majumder, B. Roy, R. S. Katiyar, and S. B. Krupanidhi, “Effect of neodymium (Nd) doping on the dielectric and ferroelectric characteristics of sol-gel derived lead zirconate titanate (53/47) thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(6), 2975–2984 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kumar, K.

M. K. Mahata, T. Koppe, T. Mondal, C. Brüsewitz, K. Kumar, V. Kumar Rai, H. Hofsäss, and U. Vetter, “Incorporation of Zn2+ ions into BaTiO3:Er3+/Yb3+ nanophosphor: an effective way to enhance upconversion, defect luminescence and temperature sensing,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 17(32), 20741–20753 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kumar Rai, V.

M. K. Mahata, T. Koppe, T. Mondal, C. Brüsewitz, K. Kumar, V. Kumar Rai, H. Hofsäss, and U. Vetter, “Incorporation of Zn2+ ions into BaTiO3:Er3+/Yb3+ nanophosphor: an effective way to enhance upconversion, defect luminescence and temperature sensing,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 17(32), 20741–20753 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laroche, M.

I. Etchart, M. Bérard, M. Laroche, A. Huignard, I. Hernández, W. P. Gillin, R. J. Curry, and A. K. Cheetham, “Efficient white light emission by upconversion in Yb3+-, Er3+- and Tm3+-doped Y2BaZnO5,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 47(22), 6263–6265 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, B. K.

D. S. Lee, J. Heikenfeld, R. Birkhahn, M. Garter, B. K. Lee, and A. J. Steckl, “Voltage-controlled yellow or orange emission from GaN codoped with Er and Eu,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(12), 1525–1527 (2000).
[Crossref]

Lee, D. S.

D. S. Lee, J. Heikenfeld, R. Birkhahn, M. Garter, B. K. Lee, and A. J. Steckl, “Voltage-controlled yellow or orange emission from GaN codoped with Er and Eu,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(12), 1525–1527 (2000).
[Crossref]

Lendlein, A.

M. Behl and A. Lendlein, “Shaper-memory polymers,” Mater. Today 10(4), 20–28 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Lendlein and S. Kelch, “Shape-memory polymers,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 41(12), 2034–2057 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leng, J.

Y. Liu, H. Du, L. Liu, and J. Leng, “Shape memory polymers and their composites in aerospace applications: a review,” Smart Mater. Struct. 23(2), 023001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

Y. Li, Z. Song, C. Li, R. Wan, J. Qiu, Z. Yang, Z. Yin, Y. Yang, X. Wang, and Q. Wang, “Efficient near-infrared to visible and ultraviolet upconversion in polycrystalline BiOCl: Er3+/Yb3+ synthesized at low temperature,” Ceram. Int. 39(8), 8911–8916 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

F. Zhang, J. Li, J. Shan, L. Xu, and D. Zhao, “Shape, size, and phase-controlled rare-earth fluoride nanocrystals with optical up-conversion properties,” Chemistry 15(41), 11010–11019 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, W.

Y. Yao, L. Luo, W. Li, J. Zhou, and F. Wang, “An intuitive method to probe phase structure by upconversion photoluminescence of Er3+ doped in ferroelectric Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(8), 082906 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

Y. Fu, S. Gong, X. Liu, G. Xu, Z. Ren, X. Li, and G. Han, “Crystallization and concentration modulated tunable upconversion luminescence of Er3+ doped PZT nanofibers,” J. Mater. Chem. 3, 382–389 (2015).

Li, Y.

Y. Li, Z. Song, C. Li, R. Wan, J. Qiu, Z. Yang, Z. Yin, Y. Yang, X. Wang, and Q. Wang, “Efficient near-infrared to visible and ultraviolet upconversion in polycrystalline BiOCl: Er3+/Yb3+ synthesized at low temperature,” Ceram. Int. 39(8), 8911–8916 (2013).
[Crossref]

Limmer, S. J.

Y. Wu, S. J. Limmer, T. P. Chou, C. Nguyen, and G. Cao, “Influence of tungsten doping on dielectric properties of strontium bismuth niobate ferroelectric ceramics,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 21(12), 947–949 (2002).
[Crossref]

Liu, C.

C. Liu, H. Qin, and P. T. Mather, “Review of progress in shape-memory polymers,” J. Mater. Chem. 17(16), 1543–1558 (2007).
[Crossref]

Liu, L.

Y. Liu, H. Du, L. Liu, and J. Leng, “Shape memory polymers and their composites in aerospace applications: a review,” Smart Mater. Struct. 23(2), 023001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

Y. Fu, S. Gong, X. Liu, G. Xu, Z. Ren, X. Li, and G. Han, “Crystallization and concentration modulated tunable upconversion luminescence of Er3+ doped PZT nanofibers,” J. Mater. Chem. 3, 382–389 (2015).

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, H. Du, L. Liu, and J. Leng, “Shape memory polymers and their composites in aerospace applications: a review,” Smart Mater. Struct. 23(2), 023001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, C. N. Xu, K. Nonaka, and H. Tateyama, “Photoluminescence and triboluminescence of PZT materials at room temperature,” Ferroelectrics 264(1), 331–336 (2001).
[Crossref]

Luo, L.

Y. Yao, L. Luo, W. Li, J. Zhou, and F. Wang, “An intuitive method to probe phase structure by upconversion photoluminescence of Er3+ doped in ferroelectric Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(8), 082906 (2015).
[Crossref]

Luo, X.

P. T. Mather, X. Luo, and I. A. Rousseau, “Shape memory polymer research,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 39(1), 445–471 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mahalingam, V.

F. Vetrone, V. Mahalingam, and J. A. Capobianco, “Near-infrared-to-blue upconversion in colloidal BaYF5:Tm3+, Yb3+ nanocrystals,” Chem. Mater. 21(9), 1847–1851 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mahata, M. K.

M. K. Mahata, T. Koppe, T. Mondal, C. Brüsewitz, K. Kumar, V. Kumar Rai, H. Hofsäss, and U. Vetter, “Incorporation of Zn2+ ions into BaTiO3:Er3+/Yb3+ nanophosphor: an effective way to enhance upconversion, defect luminescence and temperature sensing,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 17(32), 20741–20753 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mahiou, R.

M. A. Hassairi, A. Garrido Hernández, M. Dammak, D. Zambon, G. Chadeyron, and R. Mahiou, “Tuning white upconversion emission in GdPO4:Er/Yb/Tm phosphors,” J. Lumin. 203, 707–713 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. A. Hassairi, M. Dammak, D. Zambon, G. Chadeyron, and R. Mahiou, “Red–green–blue upconversion luminescence and energy transfer in Yb3+/Er3+/Tm3+ doped YP5O14 ultraphosphates,” J. Lumin. 181, 393–399 (2017).
[Crossref]

E. Cavalli, A. Belletti, R. Mahiou, and P. Boutinaud, “Luminescence properties of Ba2NaNb5O15 crystals activated with Sm3+, Eu3+, Tb3+ or Dy3+ ions,” J. Lumin. 130(4), 733–736 (2010).
[Crossref]

Majhi, M.

P. Maji, R. B. Choudhary, and M. Majhi, “Structural, optical and dielectric properties of ZrO2 reinforced polymeric nanocomposite films of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA),” Optik (Stuttg.) 127(11), 4848–4853 (2016).
[Crossref]

Maji, P.

P. Maji, R. B. Choudhary, and M. Majhi, “Structural, optical and dielectric properties of ZrO2 reinforced polymeric nanocomposite films of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA),” Optik (Stuttg.) 127(11), 4848–4853 (2016).
[Crossref]

Majumder, S. B.

S. B. Majumder, B. Roy, R. S. Katiyar, and S. B. Krupanidhi, “Effect of neodymium (Nd) doping on the dielectric and ferroelectric characteristics of sol-gel derived lead zirconate titanate (53/47) thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(6), 2975–2984 (2001).
[Crossref]

Mak, C. L.

Mather, P. T.

P. T. Mather, X. Luo, and I. A. Rousseau, “Shape memory polymer research,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 39(1), 445–471 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. Liu, H. Qin, and P. T. Mather, “Review of progress in shape-memory polymers,” J. Mater. Chem. 17(16), 1543–1558 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mondal, T.

M. K. Mahata, T. Koppe, T. Mondal, C. Brüsewitz, K. Kumar, V. Kumar Rai, H. Hofsäss, and U. Vetter, “Incorporation of Zn2+ ions into BaTiO3:Er3+/Yb3+ nanophosphor: an effective way to enhance upconversion, defect luminescence and temperature sensing,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 17(32), 20741–20753 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nguyen, C.

Y. Wu, S. J. Limmer, T. P. Chou, C. Nguyen, and G. Cao, “Influence of tungsten doping on dielectric properties of strontium bismuth niobate ferroelectric ceramics,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 21(12), 947–949 (2002).
[Crossref]

Nonaka, K.

Y. Liu, C. N. Xu, K. Nonaka, and H. Tateyama, “Photoluminescence and triboluminescence of PZT materials at room temperature,” Ferroelectrics 264(1), 331–336 (2001).
[Crossref]

Qin, H.

C. Liu, H. Qin, and P. T. Mather, “Review of progress in shape-memory polymers,” J. Mater. Chem. 17(16), 1543–1558 (2007).
[Crossref]

Qiu, J.

Y. Li, Z. Song, C. Li, R. Wan, J. Qiu, Z. Yang, Z. Yin, Y. Yang, X. Wang, and Q. Wang, “Efficient near-infrared to visible and ultraviolet upconversion in polycrystalline BiOCl: Er3+/Yb3+ synthesized at low temperature,” Ceram. Int. 39(8), 8911–8916 (2013).
[Crossref]

Qiu, Z.

L. Shi, Q. Shen, and Z. Qiu, “Concentration-dependent upconversion emission in Er-doped and Er/Yb-codoped LiTaO3 polycrystals,” J. Lumin. 148, 94–97 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ratna, D.

D. Ratna and J. Karger-Kocsis, “Recent advances in shape memory polymers and composites: a review,” J. Mater. Sci. 43(1), 254–269 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ren, Z.

Y. Fu, S. Gong, X. Liu, G. Xu, Z. Ren, X. Li, and G. Han, “Crystallization and concentration modulated tunable upconversion luminescence of Er3+ doped PZT nanofibers,” J. Mater. Chem. 3, 382–389 (2015).

Rousseau, I. A.

P. T. Mather, X. Luo, and I. A. Rousseau, “Shape memory polymer research,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 39(1), 445–471 (2009).
[Crossref]

Roy, B.

S. B. Majumder, B. Roy, R. S. Katiyar, and S. B. Krupanidhi, “Effect of neodymium (Nd) doping on the dielectric and ferroelectric characteristics of sol-gel derived lead zirconate titanate (53/47) thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(6), 2975–2984 (2001).
[Crossref]

Shan, J.

F. Zhang, J. Li, J. Shan, L. Xu, and D. Zhao, “Shape, size, and phase-controlled rare-earth fluoride nanocrystals with optical up-conversion properties,” Chemistry 15(41), 11010–11019 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, Q.

L. Shi, Q. Shen, and Z. Qiu, “Concentration-dependent upconversion emission in Er-doped and Er/Yb-codoped LiTaO3 polycrystals,” J. Lumin. 148, 94–97 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shi, L.

L. Shi, Q. Shen, and Z. Qiu, “Concentration-dependent upconversion emission in Er-doped and Er/Yb-codoped LiTaO3 polycrystals,” J. Lumin. 148, 94–97 (2014).
[Crossref]

Singh, S. N.

A. K. Himanshu, B. K. Choudhary, S. N. Singh, D. C. Gupta, S. K. Bandyopadhayay, and T. P. Sinha, “Synthesis and dielectric relaxation studies of Ba substitution in Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3 ceramics by co-precipitation method,” Solid State Sci. 12(7), 1231–1234 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sinha, T. P.

A. K. Himanshu, B. K. Choudhary, S. N. Singh, D. C. Gupta, S. K. Bandyopadhayay, and T. P. Sinha, “Synthesis and dielectric relaxation studies of Ba substitution in Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3 ceramics by co-precipitation method,” Solid State Sci. 12(7), 1231–1234 (2010).
[Crossref]

Song, Z.

Y. Li, Z. Song, C. Li, R. Wan, J. Qiu, Z. Yang, Z. Yin, Y. Yang, X. Wang, and Q. Wang, “Efficient near-infrared to visible and ultraviolet upconversion in polycrystalline BiOCl: Er3+/Yb3+ synthesized at low temperature,” Ceram. Int. 39(8), 8911–8916 (2013).
[Crossref]

Steckl, A. J.

D. S. Lee, J. Heikenfeld, R. Birkhahn, M. Garter, B. K. Lee, and A. J. Steckl, “Voltage-controlled yellow or orange emission from GaN codoped with Er and Eu,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(12), 1525–1527 (2000).
[Crossref]

Suyver, J. F.

J. F. Suyver, A. Aebischer, S. García-Revilla, P. Gerner, and H. U. Güdel, “Anomalous power dependence of sensitized upconversion luminescence,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 71(12), 125123 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tateyama, H.

Y. Liu, C. N. Xu, K. Nonaka, and H. Tateyama, “Photoluminescence and triboluminescence of PZT materials at room temperature,” Ferroelectrics 264(1), 331–336 (2001).
[Crossref]

Vetrone, F.

F. Vetrone, V. Mahalingam, and J. A. Capobianco, “Near-infrared-to-blue upconversion in colloidal BaYF5:Tm3+, Yb3+ nanocrystals,” Chem. Mater. 21(9), 1847–1851 (2009).
[Crossref]

Vetter, U.

M. K. Mahata, T. Koppe, T. Mondal, C. Brüsewitz, K. Kumar, V. Kumar Rai, H. Hofsäss, and U. Vetter, “Incorporation of Zn2+ ions into BaTiO3:Er3+/Yb3+ nanophosphor: an effective way to enhance upconversion, defect luminescence and temperature sensing,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 17(32), 20741–20753 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wan, R.

Y. Li, Z. Song, C. Li, R. Wan, J. Qiu, Z. Yang, Z. Yin, Y. Yang, X. Wang, and Q. Wang, “Efficient near-infrared to visible and ultraviolet upconversion in polycrystalline BiOCl: Er3+/Yb3+ synthesized at low temperature,” Ceram. Int. 39(8), 8911–8916 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, F.

Y. Yao, L. Luo, W. Li, J. Zhou, and F. Wang, “An intuitive method to probe phase structure by upconversion photoluminescence of Er3+ doped in ferroelectric Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(8), 082906 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q.

Y. Li, Z. Song, C. Li, R. Wan, J. Qiu, Z. Yang, Z. Yin, Y. Yang, X. Wang, and Q. Wang, “Efficient near-infrared to visible and ultraviolet upconversion in polycrystalline BiOCl: Er3+/Yb3+ synthesized at low temperature,” Ceram. Int. 39(8), 8911–8916 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

Y. Li, Z. Song, C. Li, R. Wan, J. Qiu, Z. Yang, Z. Yin, Y. Yang, X. Wang, and Q. Wang, “Efficient near-infrared to visible and ultraviolet upconversion in polycrystalline BiOCl: Er3+/Yb3+ synthesized at low temperature,” Ceram. Int. 39(8), 8911–8916 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wei, X.

Wu, Y.

Y. Wu, S. J. Limmer, T. P. Chou, C. Nguyen, and G. Cao, “Influence of tungsten doping on dielectric properties of strontium bismuth niobate ferroelectric ceramics,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 21(12), 947–949 (2002).
[Crossref]

Xu, C. N.

Y. Liu, C. N. Xu, K. Nonaka, and H. Tateyama, “Photoluminescence and triboluminescence of PZT materials at room temperature,” Ferroelectrics 264(1), 331–336 (2001).
[Crossref]

Xu, G.

Y. Fu, S. Gong, X. Liu, G. Xu, Z. Ren, X. Li, and G. Han, “Crystallization and concentration modulated tunable upconversion luminescence of Er3+ doped PZT nanofibers,” J. Mater. Chem. 3, 382–389 (2015).

Xu, L.

F. Zhang, J. Li, J. Shan, L. Xu, and D. Zhao, “Shape, size, and phase-controlled rare-earth fluoride nanocrystals with optical up-conversion properties,” Chemistry 15(41), 11010–11019 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yadav, K. L.

P. Goel, K. L. Yadav, and A. R. James, “Double doping effect on the structural and dielectric properties of PZT ceramics,” J. Phys. D 37(22), 3174–3179 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

Y. Li, Z. Song, C. Li, R. Wan, J. Qiu, Z. Yang, Z. Yin, Y. Yang, X. Wang, and Q. Wang, “Efficient near-infrared to visible and ultraviolet upconversion in polycrystalline BiOCl: Er3+/Yb3+ synthesized at low temperature,” Ceram. Int. 39(8), 8911–8916 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z.

Y. Li, Z. Song, C. Li, R. Wan, J. Qiu, Z. Yang, Z. Yin, Y. Yang, X. Wang, and Q. Wang, “Efficient near-infrared to visible and ultraviolet upconversion in polycrystalline BiOCl: Er3+/Yb3+ synthesized at low temperature,” Ceram. Int. 39(8), 8911–8916 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yao, Y.

Y. Yao, L. Luo, W. Li, J. Zhou, and F. Wang, “An intuitive method to probe phase structure by upconversion photoluminescence of Er3+ doped in ferroelectric Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(8), 082906 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yin, Z.

Y. Li, Z. Song, C. Li, R. Wan, J. Qiu, Z. Yang, Z. Yin, Y. Yang, X. Wang, and Q. Wang, “Efficient near-infrared to visible and ultraviolet upconversion in polycrystalline BiOCl: Er3+/Yb3+ synthesized at low temperature,” Ceram. Int. 39(8), 8911–8916 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zambon, D.

M. A. Hassairi, A. Garrido Hernández, M. Dammak, D. Zambon, G. Chadeyron, and R. Mahiou, “Tuning white upconversion emission in GdPO4:Er/Yb/Tm phosphors,” J. Lumin. 203, 707–713 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. A. Hassairi, M. Dammak, D. Zambon, G. Chadeyron, and R. Mahiou, “Red–green–blue upconversion luminescence and energy transfer in Yb3+/Er3+/Tm3+ doped YP5O14 ultraphosphates,” J. Lumin. 181, 393–399 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, F.

F. Zhang, J. Li, J. Shan, L. Xu, and D. Zhao, “Shape, size, and phase-controlled rare-earth fluoride nanocrystals with optical up-conversion properties,” Chemistry 15(41), 11010–11019 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

M. K. Gnanasammandhan Jayakumar, K. Huang, and Y. Zhang, “Tuning the energy migration and new insights into the mechanism of upconversion,” Nanoscale 6(15), 8439–8440 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, J. Hao, C. L. Mak, and X. Wei, “Effects of site substitutions and concentration on upconversion luminescence of Er(3+)-doped perovskite titanate,” Opt. Express 19(3), 1824–1829 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, D.

F. Zhang, J. Li, J. Shan, L. Xu, and D. Zhao, “Shape, size, and phase-controlled rare-earth fluoride nanocrystals with optical up-conversion properties,” Chemistry 15(41), 11010–11019 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, J.

Y. Yao, L. Luo, W. Li, J. Zhou, and F. Wang, “An intuitive method to probe phase structure by upconversion photoluminescence of Er3+ doped in ferroelectric Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(8), 082906 (2015).
[Crossref]

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. (1)

A. Lendlein and S. Kelch, “Shape-memory polymers,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 41(12), 2034–2057 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. (1)

P. T. Mather, X. Luo, and I. A. Rousseau, “Shape memory polymer research,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 39(1), 445–471 (2009).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 X-Ray diffraction pattern of Er3+/Yb3+/Tm3+: PZT ceramic sintered at 1250°C.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 FESEM images of the sample at 40.00kx magnification for different thulium concentration.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Upconversion emission spectra of the sample sintered at 1250°C for different thulium concentration.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Upconversion emission intensity as a function of pump power dependence for optimized sample at room temperature
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Logarithmic plot of pump power versus integrated UC intensity of the Er3+/Yb3+/Tm3+: PZT ceramic
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Schematic energy level diagram with proposed pathways.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Temperature dependent dielectric constant as a function of frequency (log scale) for the optimized sample.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Power dependent upconversion spectra for wide range of power.

Equations (2)

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D=Kλ/β*cosθ
I UC P n

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