Abstract

Photonics might play a key role in future wireless communication systems that operate at terahertz (THz) carrier frequencies. A prime example is the generation of THz data streams by mixing optical signals in high-speed photodetectors. Over previous years, this concept has enabled a series of wireless transmission experiments at record-high data rates. Reception of THz signals in these experiments, however, still relied on electronic circuits. In this paper, we show that wireless THz receivers can also greatly benefit from optoelectronic signal processing techniques, in particular when carrier frequencies beyond 0.1 THz and wideband tunability over more than an octave is required. Our approach relies on a high-speed photoconductor and a photonic local oscillator for optoelectronic downconversion of THz data signals to an intermediate frequency band that is easily accessible by conventional microelectronics. By tuning the frequency of the photonic local oscillator, we can cover a wide range of carrier frequencies between 0.03 and 0.34 THz. We demonstrate line rates of up to 10 Gbit/s on a single channel and up to 30 Gbit/s on multiple channels transmitted over a distance of 58 m. To the best of our knowledge, our experiments represent the first demonstration of a THz communication link that exploits optoelectronic signal processing techniques both at the transmitter and the receiver.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Terahertz wireless communications based on photonics technologies

Tadao Nagatsuma, Shogo Horiguchi, Yusuke Minamikata, Yasuyuki Yoshimizu, Shintaro Hisatake, Shigeru Kuwano, Naoto Yoshimoto, Jun Terada, and Hiroyuki Takahashi
Opt. Express 21(20) 23736-23747 (2013)

5 Gbps wireless transmission link with an optically pumped uni-traveling carrier photodiode mixer at the receiver

Ahmad W. Mohammad, Haymen Shams, Katarzyna Balakier, Chris Graham, Michele Natrella, Alwyn J. Seeds, and Cyril C. Renaud
Opt. Express 26(3) 2884-2890 (2018)

20  Gbit/s Wireless Bridge at 220  GHz Connecting Two Fiber-Optic Links

Swen Koenig, Jochen Antes, Daniel Lopez-Diaz, René Schmogrow, Thomas Zwick, Christian Koos, Wolfgang Freude, Juerg Leuthold, and Ingmar Kallfass
J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 6(1) 54-61 (2014)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. “Cisco Visual Networking Index: Forecast and Trends, 2017–2022,” CISCO White Paper (2017) https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/solutions/collateral/service-provider/visual-networking-index-vni/white-paper-c11-741490.pdf .
  2. I. F. Akyildiz, J. M. Jornet, and C. Han, “Terahertz band: next frontier for wireless communications,” Phys. Commun. 12, 16–32 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  3. T. S. Rappaport, S. Sun, R. Mayzus, H. Zhao, Y. Azar, K. Wang, G. N. Wong, J. K. Schulz, M. Samimi, and F. Gutierrez, “Millimeter wave mobile communications for 5G cellular: it will work!” IEEE Access 1, 335–349 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  4. A. Kanno, P. T. Dat, N. Yamamoto, and T. Kawanishi, “Millimeter-wave radio-over-fiber network for linear cell systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36, 533–540 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  5. H.-J. Song and T. Nagatsuma, “Present and future of terahertz communications,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1, 256–263 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  6. T. Nagatsuma, G. Ducournau, and C. C. Renaud, “Advances in terahertz communications accelerated by photonics,” Nat. Photonics 10, 371–379 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  7. G. Ducournau, P. Szriftgiser, F. Pavanello, E. Peytavit, M. Zaknoune, D. Bacquet, A. Beck, T. Akalin, J.-F. Lampin, and J.-F. Lampin, “THz communications using photonics and electronic devices: the race to data-rate,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 36, 198–220 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  8. R. Waterhouse and D. Novak, “Realizing 5G: microwave photonics for 5G mobile wireless systems,” IEEE Microw. Mag. 16(8), 84–92 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  9. T. Harter, S. Muehlbrandt, S. Ummethala, A. Schmid, S. Nellen, L. Hahn, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Silicon-plasmonic integrated circuits for terahertz signal generation and coherent detection,” Nat. Photonics 12, 625–633 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  10. D. Pérez, I. Gasulla, and J. Capmany, “Toward programmable microwave photonics processors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36, 519–532(2018).
    [Crossref]
  11. G. Carpintero, S. Hisatake, D. de Felipe, R. Guzman, T. Nagatsuma, and N. Keil, “Wireless data transmission at terahertz carrier waves generated from a hybrid InP-polymer dual tunable DBR laser photonic integrated circuit,” Sci. Rep. 8, 3018 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  12. R. Puerta, J. Yu, X. Li, Y. Xu, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Single-carrier dual-polarization 328-Gb/s wireless transmission in a D-Band millimeter wave 2 × 2 MU-MIMO radio-over-fiber system,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36, 587–593 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  13. X. Yu, S. Jia, H. Hu, M. Galili, T. Morioka, P. U. Jepsen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “160  Gbit/s photonics wireless transmission in the 300–500  GHz band,” APL Photon. 1, 081301 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  14. S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7, 977–981 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  15. T. Harter, C. Füllner, J. N. Kemal, S. Ummethala, M. Brosi, E. Bründermann, W. Freude, S. Randel, and C. Koos, “110-m THz wireless transmission at 100  Gbit/s using a Kramers-Kronig Schottky barrier diode receiver,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2018), paper Th3F.7.
  16. S. Jia, X. Pang, O. Ozolins, X. Yu, H. Hu, J. Yu, P. Guan, F. Da Ros, S. Popov, G. Jacobsen, M. Galili, T. Morioka, D. Zibar, and L. K. Oxenlowe, “0.4  THz photonic-wireless link with 106  Gb/s single channel bitrate,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36, 610–616 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  17. X. Li, J. Yu, L. Zhao, K. Wang, C. Wang, M. Zhao, W. Zhou, and J. Xiao, “1-Tb/s millimeter-wave signal wireless delivery at D-band,” J. Lightwave Technol. 37, 196–204 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  18. H. Shams, T. Shao, M. J. Fice, P. M. Anandarajah, C. C. Renaud, F. Van Dijk, L. P. Barry, and A. J. Seeds, “100  Gb/s multicarrier THz wireless transmission system with high frequency stability based on a gain-switched laser comb source,” IEEE Photon. J. 7, 1–11 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  19. T. Harter, M. Weber, S. Muehlbrandt, S. Wolf, J. Kemal, F. Boes, S. Nellen, T. Goebel, J. Giesekus, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Wireless THz communications using optoelectronic techniques for signal generation and coherent reception,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper SM3J.2.
  20. T. Harter, M. M. H. Adib, S. Wolf, S. Muehlbrandt, M. Weber, M. Blaicher, F. Boes, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. Nellen, T. Goebel, J. Giesekus, M. Walther, T. Zwick, W. Freude, S. Randel, and C. Koos, “Wireless multi-subcarrier THz communications using mixing in a photoconductor for coherent reception,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 147–148.
  21. S. Ummethala, T. Harter, K. Koehnle, Z. Li, S. Muehlbrandt, Y. Kutuvantavida, J. N. Kemal, J. Schaefer, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. K. Garlapati, A. Bacher, L. Hahn, M. Walther, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “THz-to-optical conversion in wireless communications using an ultra-broadband plasmonic modulator,” Nat. Photon. 13, 519–524(2019).
    [Crossref]
  22. Y. Salamin, B. Baeuerle, W. Heni, F. C. Abrecht, A. Josten, Y. Fedoryshyn, C. Haffner, R. Bonjour, T. Watanabe, M. Burla, D. L. Elder, L. R. Dalton, and J. Leuthold, “Microwave plasmonic mixer in a transparent fibre-wireless link,” Nat. Photonics 12, 749–753 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  23. “Attenuation by atmospheric gases,” (2016).
  24. T. Göbel, D. Stanze, B. Globisch, R. J. B. Dietz, H. Roehle, and M. Schell, “Telecom technology based continuous wave terahertz photomixing system with 105 decibel signal-to-noise ratio and 3.5 terahertz bandwidth,” Opt. Lett. 38, 4197–4199 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  25. A. Roggenbuck, H. Schmitz, A. Deninger, I. C. Mayorga, J. Hemberger, R. Güsten, and M. Grüninger, “Coherent broadband continuous-wave terahertz spectroscopy on solid-state samples,” New J. Phys. 12, 043017 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  26. S. Nellen, B. Globisch, R. B. Kohlhaas, L. Liebermeister, and M. Schell, “Recent progress of continuous-wave terahertz systems for spectroscopy, non-destructive testing, and telecommunication,” Proc. SPIE 10531, 105310C (2018).
    [Crossref]
  27. S. Verghese, K. A. McIntosh, S. Calawa, W. F. Dinatale, E. K. Duerr, and K. A. Molvar, “Generation and detection of coherent terahertz waves using two photomixers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3824 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  28. D. Saeedkia and S. Safavi-Naeini, “Terahertz photonics: optoelectronic techniques for generation and detection of terahertz waves,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2409–2423 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  29. Maxim Integrated, “PHY1097,” https://datasheets.maximintegrated.com/en/ds/PHY1097.pdf .
  30. M. R. Billah, M. Blaicher, T. Hoose, P.-I. Dietrich, P. Marin-Palomo, N. Lindenmann, A. Nesic, A. Hofmann, U. Troppenz, M. Moehrle, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Hybrid integration of silicon photonics circuits and InP lasers by photonic wire bonding,” Optica 5, 876–883 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  31. H. Ito, T. Furuta, Y. Muramoto, T. Ito, and T. Ishibashi, “Photonic millimetre- and sub-millimetre-wave generation using J-band rectangular-waveguide-output uni-travelling-carrier photodiode module,” Electron. Lett. 42, 1424–1425 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  32. A. Tessmann, A. Leuther, V. Hurm, H. Massler, S. Wagner, M. Kuri, M. Zink, M. Riessle, H.-P. Stulz, M. Schlechtweg, and O. Ambacher, “A broadband 220–320  GHz medium power amplifier module,” in IEEE Compound Semiconductor Integrated Circuit Symposium (CSICS) (IEEE, 2014).
  33. A. W. Mohammad, H. Shams, K. Balakier, C. Graham, M. Natrella, A. J. Seeds, and C. C. Renaud, “5  Gbps wireless transmission link with an optically pumped uni-traveling carrier photodiode mixer at the receiver,” Opt. Express 26, 2884–2890 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  34. A. W. Mohammad, H. Shams, C. P. Liu, C. Graham, M. Natrella, A. J. Seeds, and C. C. Renaud, “60-GHz transmission link using uni-traveling carrier photodiodes at the transmitter and the receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36, 4507–4513 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  35. J. Ma, N. J. Karl, S. Bretin, G. Ducournau, and D. M. Mittleman, “Frequency-division multiplexer and demultiplexer for terahertz wireless links,” Nat. Commun. 8, 729 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  36. M. Yata, M. Fujita, and T. Nagatsuma, “Photonic-crystal diplexers for terahertz-wave applications,” Opt. Express 24, 7835–7849 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  37. M. Giovanni and L. Frecassetti, “E-band and V-band - survey on status of worldwide regulation,” in ETSI White Paper (2015).
  38. F. Boes, J. Antes, T. Messinger, D. Meier, R. Henneberger, A. Tessmann, and I. Kallfass, “Multi-gigabit E-band wireless data transmission,” in IEEE MTT-S International Microwwave Symposium (IMS) (2015).
  39. A. de J. Fernandez Olvera, A. Roggenbuck, K. Dutzi, N. Vieweg, H. Lu, A. C. Gossard, and S. Preu, “International system of units (SI) traceable noise-equivalent power and responsivity characterization of continuous wave ErAs:InGaAs photoconductive terahertz detectors,” Photonics 6, 15 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  40. S. Muehlbrandt, A. Melikyan, T. Harter, K. Köhnle, A. Muslija, P. Vincze, S. Wolf, P. Jakobs, Y. Fedoryshyn, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and M. Kohl, “Silicon-plasmonic internal-photoemission detector for 40  Gbit/s data reception,” Optica 3, 741–747 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  41. H.-J. Song, “Packages for terahertz electronics,” Proc. IEEE 105, 1121–1138 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  42. Semtech, “Transimpedance amplifier GN1081,” https://www.semtech.com/products/signal-integrity/transimpedance-amplifiers/gn1081 .
  43. K. Sengupta, T. Nagatsuma, and D. M. Mittleman, “Terahertz integrated electronic and hybrid electronic-photonic systems,” Nat. Electron. 1, 622–635 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  44. A. H. Atabaki, S. Moazeni, F. Pavanello, H. Gevorgyan, J. Notaros, L. Alloatti, M. T. Wade, C. Sun, S. A. Kruger, H. Meng, K. Al Qubaisi, I. Wang, B. Zhang, A. Khilo, C. V. Baiocco, M. A. Popović, V. M. Stojanović, and R. J. Ram, “Integrating photonics with silicon nanoelectronics for the next generation of systems on a chip,” Nature 556, 349–354 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  45. L. M. Augustin, R. Santos, E. den Haan, S. Kleijn, P. J. A. Thijs, S. Latkowski, D. Zhao, W. Yao, J. Bolk, H. Ambrosius, S. Mingaleev, A. Richter, A. Bakker, and T. Korthorst, “InP-based generic foundry platform for photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 6100210 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  46. G. Carpintero, K. Balakier, Z. Yang, R. C. Guzman, A. Corradi, A. Jimenez, G. Kervella, M. J. Fice, M. Lamponi, M. Chitoui, F. van Dijk, C. C. Renaud, A. Wonfor, E. A. J. M. Bente, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and A. J. Seeds, “Microwave photonic integrated circuits for millimeter-wave wireless communications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3495–3501 (2014).
    [Crossref]

2019 (3)

S. Ummethala, T. Harter, K. Koehnle, Z. Li, S. Muehlbrandt, Y. Kutuvantavida, J. N. Kemal, J. Schaefer, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. K. Garlapati, A. Bacher, L. Hahn, M. Walther, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “THz-to-optical conversion in wireless communications using an ultra-broadband plasmonic modulator,” Nat. Photon. 13, 519–524(2019).
[Crossref]

A. de J. Fernandez Olvera, A. Roggenbuck, K. Dutzi, N. Vieweg, H. Lu, A. C. Gossard, and S. Preu, “International system of units (SI) traceable noise-equivalent power and responsivity characterization of continuous wave ErAs:InGaAs photoconductive terahertz detectors,” Photonics 6, 15 (2019).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Yu, L. Zhao, K. Wang, C. Wang, M. Zhao, W. Zhou, and J. Xiao, “1-Tb/s millimeter-wave signal wireless delivery at D-band,” J. Lightwave Technol. 37, 196–204 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (14)

A. W. Mohammad, H. Shams, K. Balakier, C. Graham, M. Natrella, A. J. Seeds, and C. C. Renaud, “5  Gbps wireless transmission link with an optically pumped uni-traveling carrier photodiode mixer at the receiver,” Opt. Express 26, 2884–2890 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. Pérez, I. Gasulla, and J. Capmany, “Toward programmable microwave photonics processors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36, 519–532(2018).
[Crossref]

A. Kanno, P. T. Dat, N. Yamamoto, and T. Kawanishi, “Millimeter-wave radio-over-fiber network for linear cell systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36, 533–540 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Puerta, J. Yu, X. Li, Y. Xu, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Single-carrier dual-polarization 328-Gb/s wireless transmission in a D-Band millimeter wave 2 × 2 MU-MIMO radio-over-fiber system,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36, 587–593 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Jia, X. Pang, O. Ozolins, X. Yu, H. Hu, J. Yu, P. Guan, F. Da Ros, S. Popov, G. Jacobsen, M. Galili, T. Morioka, D. Zibar, and L. K. Oxenlowe, “0.4  THz photonic-wireless link with 106  Gb/s single channel bitrate,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36, 610–616 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. R. Billah, M. Blaicher, T. Hoose, P.-I. Dietrich, P. Marin-Palomo, N. Lindenmann, A. Nesic, A. Hofmann, U. Troppenz, M. Moehrle, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Hybrid integration of silicon photonics circuits and InP lasers by photonic wire bonding,” Optica 5, 876–883 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. W. Mohammad, H. Shams, C. P. Liu, C. Graham, M. Natrella, A. J. Seeds, and C. C. Renaud, “60-GHz transmission link using uni-traveling carrier photodiodes at the transmitter and the receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36, 4507–4513 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Salamin, B. Baeuerle, W. Heni, F. C. Abrecht, A. Josten, Y. Fedoryshyn, C. Haffner, R. Bonjour, T. Watanabe, M. Burla, D. L. Elder, L. R. Dalton, and J. Leuthold, “Microwave plasmonic mixer in a transparent fibre-wireless link,” Nat. Photonics 12, 749–753 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Nellen, B. Globisch, R. B. Kohlhaas, L. Liebermeister, and M. Schell, “Recent progress of continuous-wave terahertz systems for spectroscopy, non-destructive testing, and telecommunication,” Proc. SPIE 10531, 105310C (2018).
[Crossref]

K. Sengupta, T. Nagatsuma, and D. M. Mittleman, “Terahertz integrated electronic and hybrid electronic-photonic systems,” Nat. Electron. 1, 622–635 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. H. Atabaki, S. Moazeni, F. Pavanello, H. Gevorgyan, J. Notaros, L. Alloatti, M. T. Wade, C. Sun, S. A. Kruger, H. Meng, K. Al Qubaisi, I. Wang, B. Zhang, A. Khilo, C. V. Baiocco, M. A. Popović, V. M. Stojanović, and R. J. Ram, “Integrating photonics with silicon nanoelectronics for the next generation of systems on a chip,” Nature 556, 349–354 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. M. Augustin, R. Santos, E. den Haan, S. Kleijn, P. J. A. Thijs, S. Latkowski, D. Zhao, W. Yao, J. Bolk, H. Ambrosius, S. Mingaleev, A. Richter, A. Bakker, and T. Korthorst, “InP-based generic foundry platform for photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 6100210 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Harter, S. Muehlbrandt, S. Ummethala, A. Schmid, S. Nellen, L. Hahn, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Silicon-plasmonic integrated circuits for terahertz signal generation and coherent detection,” Nat. Photonics 12, 625–633 (2018).
[Crossref]

G. Carpintero, S. Hisatake, D. de Felipe, R. Guzman, T. Nagatsuma, and N. Keil, “Wireless data transmission at terahertz carrier waves generated from a hybrid InP-polymer dual tunable DBR laser photonic integrated circuit,” Sci. Rep. 8, 3018 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (2)

J. Ma, N. J. Karl, S. Bretin, G. Ducournau, and D. M. Mittleman, “Frequency-division multiplexer and demultiplexer for terahertz wireless links,” Nat. Commun. 8, 729 (2017).
[Crossref]

H.-J. Song, “Packages for terahertz electronics,” Proc. IEEE 105, 1121–1138 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (4)

X. Yu, S. Jia, H. Hu, M. Galili, T. Morioka, P. U. Jepsen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “160  Gbit/s photonics wireless transmission in the 300–500  GHz band,” APL Photon. 1, 081301 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Nagatsuma, G. Ducournau, and C. C. Renaud, “Advances in terahertz communications accelerated by photonics,” Nat. Photonics 10, 371–379 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Yata, M. Fujita, and T. Nagatsuma, “Photonic-crystal diplexers for terahertz-wave applications,” Opt. Express 24, 7835–7849 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Muehlbrandt, A. Melikyan, T. Harter, K. Köhnle, A. Muslija, P. Vincze, S. Wolf, P. Jakobs, Y. Fedoryshyn, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and M. Kohl, “Silicon-plasmonic internal-photoemission detector for 40  Gbit/s data reception,” Optica 3, 741–747 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

G. Ducournau, P. Szriftgiser, F. Pavanello, E. Peytavit, M. Zaknoune, D. Bacquet, A. Beck, T. Akalin, J.-F. Lampin, and J.-F. Lampin, “THz communications using photonics and electronic devices: the race to data-rate,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 36, 198–220 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Waterhouse and D. Novak, “Realizing 5G: microwave photonics for 5G mobile wireless systems,” IEEE Microw. Mag. 16(8), 84–92 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Shams, T. Shao, M. J. Fice, P. M. Anandarajah, C. C. Renaud, F. Van Dijk, L. P. Barry, and A. J. Seeds, “100  Gb/s multicarrier THz wireless transmission system with high frequency stability based on a gain-switched laser comb source,” IEEE Photon. J. 7, 1–11 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

2013 (3)

T. Göbel, D. Stanze, B. Globisch, R. J. B. Dietz, H. Roehle, and M. Schell, “Telecom technology based continuous wave terahertz photomixing system with 105 decibel signal-to-noise ratio and 3.5 terahertz bandwidth,” Opt. Lett. 38, 4197–4199 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. S. Rappaport, S. Sun, R. Mayzus, H. Zhao, Y. Azar, K. Wang, G. N. Wong, J. K. Schulz, M. Samimi, and F. Gutierrez, “Millimeter wave mobile communications for 5G cellular: it will work!” IEEE Access 1, 335–349 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7, 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

H.-J. Song and T. Nagatsuma, “Present and future of terahertz communications,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1, 256–263 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

A. Roggenbuck, H. Schmitz, A. Deninger, I. C. Mayorga, J. Hemberger, R. Güsten, and M. Grüninger, “Coherent broadband continuous-wave terahertz spectroscopy on solid-state samples,” New J. Phys. 12, 043017 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2006 (1)

H. Ito, T. Furuta, Y. Muramoto, T. Ito, and T. Ishibashi, “Photonic millimetre- and sub-millimetre-wave generation using J-band rectangular-waveguide-output uni-travelling-carrier photodiode module,” Electron. Lett. 42, 1424–1425 (2006).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

S. Verghese, K. A. McIntosh, S. Calawa, W. F. Dinatale, E. K. Duerr, and K. A. Molvar, “Generation and detection of coherent terahertz waves using two photomixers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3824 (1998).
[Crossref]

Abrecht, F. C.

Y. Salamin, B. Baeuerle, W. Heni, F. C. Abrecht, A. Josten, Y. Fedoryshyn, C. Haffner, R. Bonjour, T. Watanabe, M. Burla, D. L. Elder, L. R. Dalton, and J. Leuthold, “Microwave plasmonic mixer in a transparent fibre-wireless link,” Nat. Photonics 12, 749–753 (2018).
[Crossref]

Adib, M. M. H.

T. Harter, M. M. H. Adib, S. Wolf, S. Muehlbrandt, M. Weber, M. Blaicher, F. Boes, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. Nellen, T. Goebel, J. Giesekus, M. Walther, T. Zwick, W. Freude, S. Randel, and C. Koos, “Wireless multi-subcarrier THz communications using mixing in a photoconductor for coherent reception,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 147–148.

Akalin, T.

G. Ducournau, P. Szriftgiser, F. Pavanello, E. Peytavit, M. Zaknoune, D. Bacquet, A. Beck, T. Akalin, J.-F. Lampin, and J.-F. Lampin, “THz communications using photonics and electronic devices: the race to data-rate,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 36, 198–220 (2015).
[Crossref]

Akyildiz, I. F.

I. F. Akyildiz, J. M. Jornet, and C. Han, “Terahertz band: next frontier for wireless communications,” Phys. Commun. 12, 16–32 (2014).
[Crossref]

Al Qubaisi, K.

A. H. Atabaki, S. Moazeni, F. Pavanello, H. Gevorgyan, J. Notaros, L. Alloatti, M. T. Wade, C. Sun, S. A. Kruger, H. Meng, K. Al Qubaisi, I. Wang, B. Zhang, A. Khilo, C. V. Baiocco, M. A. Popović, V. M. Stojanović, and R. J. Ram, “Integrating photonics with silicon nanoelectronics for the next generation of systems on a chip,” Nature 556, 349–354 (2018).
[Crossref]

Alloatti, L.

A. H. Atabaki, S. Moazeni, F. Pavanello, H. Gevorgyan, J. Notaros, L. Alloatti, M. T. Wade, C. Sun, S. A. Kruger, H. Meng, K. Al Qubaisi, I. Wang, B. Zhang, A. Khilo, C. V. Baiocco, M. A. Popović, V. M. Stojanović, and R. J. Ram, “Integrating photonics with silicon nanoelectronics for the next generation of systems on a chip,” Nature 556, 349–354 (2018).
[Crossref]

Ambacher, O.

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7, 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Tessmann, A. Leuther, V. Hurm, H. Massler, S. Wagner, M. Kuri, M. Zink, M. Riessle, H.-P. Stulz, M. Schlechtweg, and O. Ambacher, “A broadband 220–320  GHz medium power amplifier module,” in IEEE Compound Semiconductor Integrated Circuit Symposium (CSICS) (IEEE, 2014).

Ambrosius, H.

L. M. Augustin, R. Santos, E. den Haan, S. Kleijn, P. J. A. Thijs, S. Latkowski, D. Zhao, W. Yao, J. Bolk, H. Ambrosius, S. Mingaleev, A. Richter, A. Bakker, and T. Korthorst, “InP-based generic foundry platform for photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 6100210 (2018).
[Crossref]

Anandarajah, P. M.

H. Shams, T. Shao, M. J. Fice, P. M. Anandarajah, C. C. Renaud, F. Van Dijk, L. P. Barry, and A. J. Seeds, “100  Gb/s multicarrier THz wireless transmission system with high frequency stability based on a gain-switched laser comb source,” IEEE Photon. J. 7, 1–11 (2015).
[Crossref]

Antes, J.

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7, 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Boes, J. Antes, T. Messinger, D. Meier, R. Henneberger, A. Tessmann, and I. Kallfass, “Multi-gigabit E-band wireless data transmission,” in IEEE MTT-S International Microwwave Symposium (IMS) (2015).

Atabaki, A. H.

A. H. Atabaki, S. Moazeni, F. Pavanello, H. Gevorgyan, J. Notaros, L. Alloatti, M. T. Wade, C. Sun, S. A. Kruger, H. Meng, K. Al Qubaisi, I. Wang, B. Zhang, A. Khilo, C. V. Baiocco, M. A. Popović, V. M. Stojanović, and R. J. Ram, “Integrating photonics with silicon nanoelectronics for the next generation of systems on a chip,” Nature 556, 349–354 (2018).
[Crossref]

Augustin, L. M.

L. M. Augustin, R. Santos, E. den Haan, S. Kleijn, P. J. A. Thijs, S. Latkowski, D. Zhao, W. Yao, J. Bolk, H. Ambrosius, S. Mingaleev, A. Richter, A. Bakker, and T. Korthorst, “InP-based generic foundry platform for photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 6100210 (2018).
[Crossref]

Azar, Y.

T. S. Rappaport, S. Sun, R. Mayzus, H. Zhao, Y. Azar, K. Wang, G. N. Wong, J. K. Schulz, M. Samimi, and F. Gutierrez, “Millimeter wave mobile communications for 5G cellular: it will work!” IEEE Access 1, 335–349 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bacher, A.

S. Ummethala, T. Harter, K. Koehnle, Z. Li, S. Muehlbrandt, Y. Kutuvantavida, J. N. Kemal, J. Schaefer, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. K. Garlapati, A. Bacher, L. Hahn, M. Walther, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “THz-to-optical conversion in wireless communications using an ultra-broadband plasmonic modulator,” Nat. Photon. 13, 519–524(2019).
[Crossref]

Bacquet, D.

G. Ducournau, P. Szriftgiser, F. Pavanello, E. Peytavit, M. Zaknoune, D. Bacquet, A. Beck, T. Akalin, J.-F. Lampin, and J.-F. Lampin, “THz communications using photonics and electronic devices: the race to data-rate,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 36, 198–220 (2015).
[Crossref]

Baeuerle, B.

Y. Salamin, B. Baeuerle, W. Heni, F. C. Abrecht, A. Josten, Y. Fedoryshyn, C. Haffner, R. Bonjour, T. Watanabe, M. Burla, D. L. Elder, L. R. Dalton, and J. Leuthold, “Microwave plasmonic mixer in a transparent fibre-wireless link,” Nat. Photonics 12, 749–753 (2018).
[Crossref]

Baiocco, C. V.

A. H. Atabaki, S. Moazeni, F. Pavanello, H. Gevorgyan, J. Notaros, L. Alloatti, M. T. Wade, C. Sun, S. A. Kruger, H. Meng, K. Al Qubaisi, I. Wang, B. Zhang, A. Khilo, C. V. Baiocco, M. A. Popović, V. M. Stojanović, and R. J. Ram, “Integrating photonics with silicon nanoelectronics for the next generation of systems on a chip,” Nature 556, 349–354 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bakker, A.

L. M. Augustin, R. Santos, E. den Haan, S. Kleijn, P. J. A. Thijs, S. Latkowski, D. Zhao, W. Yao, J. Bolk, H. Ambrosius, S. Mingaleev, A. Richter, A. Bakker, and T. Korthorst, “InP-based generic foundry platform for photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 6100210 (2018).
[Crossref]

Balakier, K.

Barry, L. P.

H. Shams, T. Shao, M. J. Fice, P. M. Anandarajah, C. C. Renaud, F. Van Dijk, L. P. Barry, and A. J. Seeds, “100  Gb/s multicarrier THz wireless transmission system with high frequency stability based on a gain-switched laser comb source,” IEEE Photon. J. 7, 1–11 (2015).
[Crossref]

Beck, A.

G. Ducournau, P. Szriftgiser, F. Pavanello, E. Peytavit, M. Zaknoune, D. Bacquet, A. Beck, T. Akalin, J.-F. Lampin, and J.-F. Lampin, “THz communications using photonics and electronic devices: the race to data-rate,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 36, 198–220 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bente, E. A. J. M.

Billah, M. R.

Blaicher, M.

M. R. Billah, M. Blaicher, T. Hoose, P.-I. Dietrich, P. Marin-Palomo, N. Lindenmann, A. Nesic, A. Hofmann, U. Troppenz, M. Moehrle, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Hybrid integration of silicon photonics circuits and InP lasers by photonic wire bonding,” Optica 5, 876–883 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Harter, M. M. H. Adib, S. Wolf, S. Muehlbrandt, M. Weber, M. Blaicher, F. Boes, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. Nellen, T. Goebel, J. Giesekus, M. Walther, T. Zwick, W. Freude, S. Randel, and C. Koos, “Wireless multi-subcarrier THz communications using mixing in a photoconductor for coherent reception,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 147–148.

Boes, F.

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7, 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Harter, M. M. H. Adib, S. Wolf, S. Muehlbrandt, M. Weber, M. Blaicher, F. Boes, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. Nellen, T. Goebel, J. Giesekus, M. Walther, T. Zwick, W. Freude, S. Randel, and C. Koos, “Wireless multi-subcarrier THz communications using mixing in a photoconductor for coherent reception,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 147–148.

T. Harter, M. Weber, S. Muehlbrandt, S. Wolf, J. Kemal, F. Boes, S. Nellen, T. Goebel, J. Giesekus, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Wireless THz communications using optoelectronic techniques for signal generation and coherent reception,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper SM3J.2.

F. Boes, J. Antes, T. Messinger, D. Meier, R. Henneberger, A. Tessmann, and I. Kallfass, “Multi-gigabit E-band wireless data transmission,” in IEEE MTT-S International Microwwave Symposium (IMS) (2015).

Bolk, J.

L. M. Augustin, R. Santos, E. den Haan, S. Kleijn, P. J. A. Thijs, S. Latkowski, D. Zhao, W. Yao, J. Bolk, H. Ambrosius, S. Mingaleev, A. Richter, A. Bakker, and T. Korthorst, “InP-based generic foundry platform for photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 6100210 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bonjour, R.

Y. Salamin, B. Baeuerle, W. Heni, F. C. Abrecht, A. Josten, Y. Fedoryshyn, C. Haffner, R. Bonjour, T. Watanabe, M. Burla, D. L. Elder, L. R. Dalton, and J. Leuthold, “Microwave plasmonic mixer in a transparent fibre-wireless link,” Nat. Photonics 12, 749–753 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bretin, S.

J. Ma, N. J. Karl, S. Bretin, G. Ducournau, and D. M. Mittleman, “Frequency-division multiplexer and demultiplexer for terahertz wireless links,” Nat. Commun. 8, 729 (2017).
[Crossref]

Brosi, M.

T. Harter, C. Füllner, J. N. Kemal, S. Ummethala, M. Brosi, E. Bründermann, W. Freude, S. Randel, and C. Koos, “110-m THz wireless transmission at 100  Gbit/s using a Kramers-Kronig Schottky barrier diode receiver,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2018), paper Th3F.7.

Bründermann, E.

T. Harter, C. Füllner, J. N. Kemal, S. Ummethala, M. Brosi, E. Bründermann, W. Freude, S. Randel, and C. Koos, “110-m THz wireless transmission at 100  Gbit/s using a Kramers-Kronig Schottky barrier diode receiver,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2018), paper Th3F.7.

Burla, M.

Y. Salamin, B. Baeuerle, W. Heni, F. C. Abrecht, A. Josten, Y. Fedoryshyn, C. Haffner, R. Bonjour, T. Watanabe, M. Burla, D. L. Elder, L. R. Dalton, and J. Leuthold, “Microwave plasmonic mixer in a transparent fibre-wireless link,” Nat. Photonics 12, 749–753 (2018).
[Crossref]

Calawa, S.

S. Verghese, K. A. McIntosh, S. Calawa, W. F. Dinatale, E. K. Duerr, and K. A. Molvar, “Generation and detection of coherent terahertz waves using two photomixers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3824 (1998).
[Crossref]

Capmany, J.

Carpintero, G.

G. Carpintero, S. Hisatake, D. de Felipe, R. Guzman, T. Nagatsuma, and N. Keil, “Wireless data transmission at terahertz carrier waves generated from a hybrid InP-polymer dual tunable DBR laser photonic integrated circuit,” Sci. Rep. 8, 3018 (2018).
[Crossref]

G. Carpintero, K. Balakier, Z. Yang, R. C. Guzman, A. Corradi, A. Jimenez, G. Kervella, M. J. Fice, M. Lamponi, M. Chitoui, F. van Dijk, C. C. Renaud, A. Wonfor, E. A. J. M. Bente, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and A. J. Seeds, “Microwave photonic integrated circuits for millimeter-wave wireless communications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3495–3501 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chitoui, M.

Corradi, A.

Da Ros, F.

Dalton, L. R.

Y. Salamin, B. Baeuerle, W. Heni, F. C. Abrecht, A. Josten, Y. Fedoryshyn, C. Haffner, R. Bonjour, T. Watanabe, M. Burla, D. L. Elder, L. R. Dalton, and J. Leuthold, “Microwave plasmonic mixer in a transparent fibre-wireless link,” Nat. Photonics 12, 749–753 (2018).
[Crossref]

Dat, P. T.

de Felipe, D.

G. Carpintero, S. Hisatake, D. de Felipe, R. Guzman, T. Nagatsuma, and N. Keil, “Wireless data transmission at terahertz carrier waves generated from a hybrid InP-polymer dual tunable DBR laser photonic integrated circuit,” Sci. Rep. 8, 3018 (2018).
[Crossref]

de J. Fernandez Olvera, A.

A. de J. Fernandez Olvera, A. Roggenbuck, K. Dutzi, N. Vieweg, H. Lu, A. C. Gossard, and S. Preu, “International system of units (SI) traceable noise-equivalent power and responsivity characterization of continuous wave ErAs:InGaAs photoconductive terahertz detectors,” Photonics 6, 15 (2019).
[Crossref]

den Haan, E.

L. M. Augustin, R. Santos, E. den Haan, S. Kleijn, P. J. A. Thijs, S. Latkowski, D. Zhao, W. Yao, J. Bolk, H. Ambrosius, S. Mingaleev, A. Richter, A. Bakker, and T. Korthorst, “InP-based generic foundry platform for photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 6100210 (2018).
[Crossref]

Deninger, A.

A. Roggenbuck, H. Schmitz, A. Deninger, I. C. Mayorga, J. Hemberger, R. Güsten, and M. Grüninger, “Coherent broadband continuous-wave terahertz spectroscopy on solid-state samples,” New J. Phys. 12, 043017 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dietrich, P.-I.

Dietz, R. J. B.

Dinatale, W. F.

S. Verghese, K. A. McIntosh, S. Calawa, W. F. Dinatale, E. K. Duerr, and K. A. Molvar, “Generation and detection of coherent terahertz waves using two photomixers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3824 (1998).
[Crossref]

Ducournau, G.

J. Ma, N. J. Karl, S. Bretin, G. Ducournau, and D. M. Mittleman, “Frequency-division multiplexer and demultiplexer for terahertz wireless links,” Nat. Commun. 8, 729 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Nagatsuma, G. Ducournau, and C. C. Renaud, “Advances in terahertz communications accelerated by photonics,” Nat. Photonics 10, 371–379 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Ducournau, P. Szriftgiser, F. Pavanello, E. Peytavit, M. Zaknoune, D. Bacquet, A. Beck, T. Akalin, J.-F. Lampin, and J.-F. Lampin, “THz communications using photonics and electronic devices: the race to data-rate,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 36, 198–220 (2015).
[Crossref]

Duerr, E. K.

S. Verghese, K. A. McIntosh, S. Calawa, W. F. Dinatale, E. K. Duerr, and K. A. Molvar, “Generation and detection of coherent terahertz waves using two photomixers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3824 (1998).
[Crossref]

Dutzi, K.

A. de J. Fernandez Olvera, A. Roggenbuck, K. Dutzi, N. Vieweg, H. Lu, A. C. Gossard, and S. Preu, “International system of units (SI) traceable noise-equivalent power and responsivity characterization of continuous wave ErAs:InGaAs photoconductive terahertz detectors,” Photonics 6, 15 (2019).
[Crossref]

Elder, D. L.

Y. Salamin, B. Baeuerle, W. Heni, F. C. Abrecht, A. Josten, Y. Fedoryshyn, C. Haffner, R. Bonjour, T. Watanabe, M. Burla, D. L. Elder, L. R. Dalton, and J. Leuthold, “Microwave plasmonic mixer in a transparent fibre-wireless link,” Nat. Photonics 12, 749–753 (2018).
[Crossref]

Fedoryshyn, Y.

Y. Salamin, B. Baeuerle, W. Heni, F. C. Abrecht, A. Josten, Y. Fedoryshyn, C. Haffner, R. Bonjour, T. Watanabe, M. Burla, D. L. Elder, L. R. Dalton, and J. Leuthold, “Microwave plasmonic mixer in a transparent fibre-wireless link,” Nat. Photonics 12, 749–753 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Muehlbrandt, A. Melikyan, T. Harter, K. Köhnle, A. Muslija, P. Vincze, S. Wolf, P. Jakobs, Y. Fedoryshyn, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and M. Kohl, “Silicon-plasmonic internal-photoemission detector for 40  Gbit/s data reception,” Optica 3, 741–747 (2016).
[Crossref]

Fice, M. J.

H. Shams, T. Shao, M. J. Fice, P. M. Anandarajah, C. C. Renaud, F. Van Dijk, L. P. Barry, and A. J. Seeds, “100  Gb/s multicarrier THz wireless transmission system with high frequency stability based on a gain-switched laser comb source,” IEEE Photon. J. 7, 1–11 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Carpintero, K. Balakier, Z. Yang, R. C. Guzman, A. Corradi, A. Jimenez, G. Kervella, M. J. Fice, M. Lamponi, M. Chitoui, F. van Dijk, C. C. Renaud, A. Wonfor, E. A. J. M. Bente, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and A. J. Seeds, “Microwave photonic integrated circuits for millimeter-wave wireless communications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3495–3501 (2014).
[Crossref]

Frecassetti, L.

M. Giovanni and L. Frecassetti, “E-band and V-band - survey on status of worldwide regulation,” in ETSI White Paper (2015).

Freude, W.

S. Ummethala, T. Harter, K. Koehnle, Z. Li, S. Muehlbrandt, Y. Kutuvantavida, J. N. Kemal, J. Schaefer, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. K. Garlapati, A. Bacher, L. Hahn, M. Walther, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “THz-to-optical conversion in wireless communications using an ultra-broadband plasmonic modulator,” Nat. Photon. 13, 519–524(2019).
[Crossref]

T. Harter, S. Muehlbrandt, S. Ummethala, A. Schmid, S. Nellen, L. Hahn, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Silicon-plasmonic integrated circuits for terahertz signal generation and coherent detection,” Nat. Photonics 12, 625–633 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. R. Billah, M. Blaicher, T. Hoose, P.-I. Dietrich, P. Marin-Palomo, N. Lindenmann, A. Nesic, A. Hofmann, U. Troppenz, M. Moehrle, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Hybrid integration of silicon photonics circuits and InP lasers by photonic wire bonding,” Optica 5, 876–883 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Muehlbrandt, A. Melikyan, T. Harter, K. Köhnle, A. Muslija, P. Vincze, S. Wolf, P. Jakobs, Y. Fedoryshyn, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and M. Kohl, “Silicon-plasmonic internal-photoemission detector for 40  Gbit/s data reception,” Optica 3, 741–747 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7, 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Harter, C. Füllner, J. N. Kemal, S. Ummethala, M. Brosi, E. Bründermann, W. Freude, S. Randel, and C. Koos, “110-m THz wireless transmission at 100  Gbit/s using a Kramers-Kronig Schottky barrier diode receiver,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2018), paper Th3F.7.

T. Harter, M. Weber, S. Muehlbrandt, S. Wolf, J. Kemal, F. Boes, S. Nellen, T. Goebel, J. Giesekus, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Wireless THz communications using optoelectronic techniques for signal generation and coherent reception,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper SM3J.2.

T. Harter, M. M. H. Adib, S. Wolf, S. Muehlbrandt, M. Weber, M. Blaicher, F. Boes, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. Nellen, T. Goebel, J. Giesekus, M. Walther, T. Zwick, W. Freude, S. Randel, and C. Koos, “Wireless multi-subcarrier THz communications using mixing in a photoconductor for coherent reception,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 147–148.

Fujita, M.

Füllner, C.

T. Harter, C. Füllner, J. N. Kemal, S. Ummethala, M. Brosi, E. Bründermann, W. Freude, S. Randel, and C. Koos, “110-m THz wireless transmission at 100  Gbit/s using a Kramers-Kronig Schottky barrier diode receiver,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2018), paper Th3F.7.

Furuta, T.

H. Ito, T. Furuta, Y. Muramoto, T. Ito, and T. Ishibashi, “Photonic millimetre- and sub-millimetre-wave generation using J-band rectangular-waveguide-output uni-travelling-carrier photodiode module,” Electron. Lett. 42, 1424–1425 (2006).
[Crossref]

Galili, M.

S. Jia, X. Pang, O. Ozolins, X. Yu, H. Hu, J. Yu, P. Guan, F. Da Ros, S. Popov, G. Jacobsen, M. Galili, T. Morioka, D. Zibar, and L. K. Oxenlowe, “0.4  THz photonic-wireless link with 106  Gb/s single channel bitrate,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36, 610–616 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Yu, S. Jia, H. Hu, M. Galili, T. Morioka, P. U. Jepsen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “160  Gbit/s photonics wireless transmission in the 300–500  GHz band,” APL Photon. 1, 081301 (2016).
[Crossref]

Garlapati, S. K.

S. Ummethala, T. Harter, K. Koehnle, Z. Li, S. Muehlbrandt, Y. Kutuvantavida, J. N. Kemal, J. Schaefer, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. K. Garlapati, A. Bacher, L. Hahn, M. Walther, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “THz-to-optical conversion in wireless communications using an ultra-broadband plasmonic modulator,” Nat. Photon. 13, 519–524(2019).
[Crossref]

Gasulla, I.

Gevorgyan, H.

A. H. Atabaki, S. Moazeni, F. Pavanello, H. Gevorgyan, J. Notaros, L. Alloatti, M. T. Wade, C. Sun, S. A. Kruger, H. Meng, K. Al Qubaisi, I. Wang, B. Zhang, A. Khilo, C. V. Baiocco, M. A. Popović, V. M. Stojanović, and R. J. Ram, “Integrating photonics with silicon nanoelectronics for the next generation of systems on a chip,” Nature 556, 349–354 (2018).
[Crossref]

Giesekus, J.

T. Harter, M. M. H. Adib, S. Wolf, S. Muehlbrandt, M. Weber, M. Blaicher, F. Boes, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. Nellen, T. Goebel, J. Giesekus, M. Walther, T. Zwick, W. Freude, S. Randel, and C. Koos, “Wireless multi-subcarrier THz communications using mixing in a photoconductor for coherent reception,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 147–148.

T. Harter, M. Weber, S. Muehlbrandt, S. Wolf, J. Kemal, F. Boes, S. Nellen, T. Goebel, J. Giesekus, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Wireless THz communications using optoelectronic techniques for signal generation and coherent reception,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper SM3J.2.

Giovanni, M.

M. Giovanni and L. Frecassetti, “E-band and V-band - survey on status of worldwide regulation,” in ETSI White Paper (2015).

Globisch, B.

S. Nellen, B. Globisch, R. B. Kohlhaas, L. Liebermeister, and M. Schell, “Recent progress of continuous-wave terahertz systems for spectroscopy, non-destructive testing, and telecommunication,” Proc. SPIE 10531, 105310C (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Göbel, D. Stanze, B. Globisch, R. J. B. Dietz, H. Roehle, and M. Schell, “Telecom technology based continuous wave terahertz photomixing system with 105 decibel signal-to-noise ratio and 3.5 terahertz bandwidth,” Opt. Lett. 38, 4197–4199 (2013).
[Crossref]

Göbel, T.

Goebel, T.

T. Harter, M. Weber, S. Muehlbrandt, S. Wolf, J. Kemal, F. Boes, S. Nellen, T. Goebel, J. Giesekus, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Wireless THz communications using optoelectronic techniques for signal generation and coherent reception,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper SM3J.2.

T. Harter, M. M. H. Adib, S. Wolf, S. Muehlbrandt, M. Weber, M. Blaicher, F. Boes, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. Nellen, T. Goebel, J. Giesekus, M. Walther, T. Zwick, W. Freude, S. Randel, and C. Koos, “Wireless multi-subcarrier THz communications using mixing in a photoconductor for coherent reception,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 147–148.

Gossard, A. C.

A. de J. Fernandez Olvera, A. Roggenbuck, K. Dutzi, N. Vieweg, H. Lu, A. C. Gossard, and S. Preu, “International system of units (SI) traceable noise-equivalent power and responsivity characterization of continuous wave ErAs:InGaAs photoconductive terahertz detectors,” Photonics 6, 15 (2019).
[Crossref]

Graham, C.

Grüninger, M.

A. Roggenbuck, H. Schmitz, A. Deninger, I. C. Mayorga, J. Hemberger, R. Güsten, and M. Grüninger, “Coherent broadband continuous-wave terahertz spectroscopy on solid-state samples,” New J. Phys. 12, 043017 (2010).
[Crossref]

Guan, P.

Güsten, R.

A. Roggenbuck, H. Schmitz, A. Deninger, I. C. Mayorga, J. Hemberger, R. Güsten, and M. Grüninger, “Coherent broadband continuous-wave terahertz spectroscopy on solid-state samples,” New J. Phys. 12, 043017 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gutierrez, F.

T. S. Rappaport, S. Sun, R. Mayzus, H. Zhao, Y. Azar, K. Wang, G. N. Wong, J. K. Schulz, M. Samimi, and F. Gutierrez, “Millimeter wave mobile communications for 5G cellular: it will work!” IEEE Access 1, 335–349 (2013).
[Crossref]

Guzman, R.

G. Carpintero, S. Hisatake, D. de Felipe, R. Guzman, T. Nagatsuma, and N. Keil, “Wireless data transmission at terahertz carrier waves generated from a hybrid InP-polymer dual tunable DBR laser photonic integrated circuit,” Sci. Rep. 8, 3018 (2018).
[Crossref]

Guzman, R. C.

Haffner, C.

Y. Salamin, B. Baeuerle, W. Heni, F. C. Abrecht, A. Josten, Y. Fedoryshyn, C. Haffner, R. Bonjour, T. Watanabe, M. Burla, D. L. Elder, L. R. Dalton, and J. Leuthold, “Microwave plasmonic mixer in a transparent fibre-wireless link,” Nat. Photonics 12, 749–753 (2018).
[Crossref]

Hahn, L.

S. Ummethala, T. Harter, K. Koehnle, Z. Li, S. Muehlbrandt, Y. Kutuvantavida, J. N. Kemal, J. Schaefer, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. K. Garlapati, A. Bacher, L. Hahn, M. Walther, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “THz-to-optical conversion in wireless communications using an ultra-broadband plasmonic modulator,” Nat. Photon. 13, 519–524(2019).
[Crossref]

T. Harter, S. Muehlbrandt, S. Ummethala, A. Schmid, S. Nellen, L. Hahn, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Silicon-plasmonic integrated circuits for terahertz signal generation and coherent detection,” Nat. Photonics 12, 625–633 (2018).
[Crossref]

Han, C.

I. F. Akyildiz, J. M. Jornet, and C. Han, “Terahertz band: next frontier for wireless communications,” Phys. Commun. 12, 16–32 (2014).
[Crossref]

Harter, T.

S. Ummethala, T. Harter, K. Koehnle, Z. Li, S. Muehlbrandt, Y. Kutuvantavida, J. N. Kemal, J. Schaefer, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. K. Garlapati, A. Bacher, L. Hahn, M. Walther, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “THz-to-optical conversion in wireless communications using an ultra-broadband plasmonic modulator,” Nat. Photon. 13, 519–524(2019).
[Crossref]

T. Harter, S. Muehlbrandt, S. Ummethala, A. Schmid, S. Nellen, L. Hahn, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Silicon-plasmonic integrated circuits for terahertz signal generation and coherent detection,” Nat. Photonics 12, 625–633 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Muehlbrandt, A. Melikyan, T. Harter, K. Köhnle, A. Muslija, P. Vincze, S. Wolf, P. Jakobs, Y. Fedoryshyn, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and M. Kohl, “Silicon-plasmonic internal-photoemission detector for 40  Gbit/s data reception,” Optica 3, 741–747 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Harter, C. Füllner, J. N. Kemal, S. Ummethala, M. Brosi, E. Bründermann, W. Freude, S. Randel, and C. Koos, “110-m THz wireless transmission at 100  Gbit/s using a Kramers-Kronig Schottky barrier diode receiver,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2018), paper Th3F.7.

T. Harter, M. M. H. Adib, S. Wolf, S. Muehlbrandt, M. Weber, M. Blaicher, F. Boes, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. Nellen, T. Goebel, J. Giesekus, M. Walther, T. Zwick, W. Freude, S. Randel, and C. Koos, “Wireless multi-subcarrier THz communications using mixing in a photoconductor for coherent reception,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 147–148.

T. Harter, M. Weber, S. Muehlbrandt, S. Wolf, J. Kemal, F. Boes, S. Nellen, T. Goebel, J. Giesekus, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Wireless THz communications using optoelectronic techniques for signal generation and coherent reception,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper SM3J.2.

Hemberger, J.

A. Roggenbuck, H. Schmitz, A. Deninger, I. C. Mayorga, J. Hemberger, R. Güsten, and M. Grüninger, “Coherent broadband continuous-wave terahertz spectroscopy on solid-state samples,” New J. Phys. 12, 043017 (2010).
[Crossref]

Heni, W.

Y. Salamin, B. Baeuerle, W. Heni, F. C. Abrecht, A. Josten, Y. Fedoryshyn, C. Haffner, R. Bonjour, T. Watanabe, M. Burla, D. L. Elder, L. R. Dalton, and J. Leuthold, “Microwave plasmonic mixer in a transparent fibre-wireless link,” Nat. Photonics 12, 749–753 (2018).
[Crossref]

Henneberger, R.

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7, 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Boes, J. Antes, T. Messinger, D. Meier, R. Henneberger, A. Tessmann, and I. Kallfass, “Multi-gigabit E-band wireless data transmission,” in IEEE MTT-S International Microwwave Symposium (IMS) (2015).

Hillerkuss, D.

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7, 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hisatake, S.

G. Carpintero, S. Hisatake, D. de Felipe, R. Guzman, T. Nagatsuma, and N. Keil, “Wireless data transmission at terahertz carrier waves generated from a hybrid InP-polymer dual tunable DBR laser photonic integrated circuit,” Sci. Rep. 8, 3018 (2018).
[Crossref]

Hofmann, A.

Hoose, T.

Hu, H.

S. Jia, X. Pang, O. Ozolins, X. Yu, H. Hu, J. Yu, P. Guan, F. Da Ros, S. Popov, G. Jacobsen, M. Galili, T. Morioka, D. Zibar, and L. K. Oxenlowe, “0.4  THz photonic-wireless link with 106  Gb/s single channel bitrate,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36, 610–616 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Yu, S. Jia, H. Hu, M. Galili, T. Morioka, P. U. Jepsen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “160  Gbit/s photonics wireless transmission in the 300–500  GHz band,” APL Photon. 1, 081301 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hurm, V.

A. Tessmann, A. Leuther, V. Hurm, H. Massler, S. Wagner, M. Kuri, M. Zink, M. Riessle, H.-P. Stulz, M. Schlechtweg, and O. Ambacher, “A broadband 220–320  GHz medium power amplifier module,” in IEEE Compound Semiconductor Integrated Circuit Symposium (CSICS) (IEEE, 2014).

Ishibashi, T.

H. Ito, T. Furuta, Y. Muramoto, T. Ito, and T. Ishibashi, “Photonic millimetre- and sub-millimetre-wave generation using J-band rectangular-waveguide-output uni-travelling-carrier photodiode module,” Electron. Lett. 42, 1424–1425 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ito, H.

H. Ito, T. Furuta, Y. Muramoto, T. Ito, and T. Ishibashi, “Photonic millimetre- and sub-millimetre-wave generation using J-band rectangular-waveguide-output uni-travelling-carrier photodiode module,” Electron. Lett. 42, 1424–1425 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ito, T.

H. Ito, T. Furuta, Y. Muramoto, T. Ito, and T. Ishibashi, “Photonic millimetre- and sub-millimetre-wave generation using J-band rectangular-waveguide-output uni-travelling-carrier photodiode module,” Electron. Lett. 42, 1424–1425 (2006).
[Crossref]

Jacobsen, G.

Jakobs, P.

Jepsen, P. U.

X. Yu, S. Jia, H. Hu, M. Galili, T. Morioka, P. U. Jepsen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “160  Gbit/s photonics wireless transmission in the 300–500  GHz band,” APL Photon. 1, 081301 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jia, S.

S. Jia, X. Pang, O. Ozolins, X. Yu, H. Hu, J. Yu, P. Guan, F. Da Ros, S. Popov, G. Jacobsen, M. Galili, T. Morioka, D. Zibar, and L. K. Oxenlowe, “0.4  THz photonic-wireless link with 106  Gb/s single channel bitrate,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36, 610–616 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Yu, S. Jia, H. Hu, M. Galili, T. Morioka, P. U. Jepsen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “160  Gbit/s photonics wireless transmission in the 300–500  GHz band,” APL Photon. 1, 081301 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jimenez, A.

Jornet, J. M.

I. F. Akyildiz, J. M. Jornet, and C. Han, “Terahertz band: next frontier for wireless communications,” Phys. Commun. 12, 16–32 (2014).
[Crossref]

Josten, A.

Y. Salamin, B. Baeuerle, W. Heni, F. C. Abrecht, A. Josten, Y. Fedoryshyn, C. Haffner, R. Bonjour, T. Watanabe, M. Burla, D. L. Elder, L. R. Dalton, and J. Leuthold, “Microwave plasmonic mixer in a transparent fibre-wireless link,” Nat. Photonics 12, 749–753 (2018).
[Crossref]

Kallfass, I.

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7, 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Boes, J. Antes, T. Messinger, D. Meier, R. Henneberger, A. Tessmann, and I. Kallfass, “Multi-gigabit E-band wireless data transmission,” in IEEE MTT-S International Microwwave Symposium (IMS) (2015).

Kanno, A.

Karl, N. J.

J. Ma, N. J. Karl, S. Bretin, G. Ducournau, and D. M. Mittleman, “Frequency-division multiplexer and demultiplexer for terahertz wireless links,” Nat. Commun. 8, 729 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kawanishi, T.

Keil, N.

G. Carpintero, S. Hisatake, D. de Felipe, R. Guzman, T. Nagatsuma, and N. Keil, “Wireless data transmission at terahertz carrier waves generated from a hybrid InP-polymer dual tunable DBR laser photonic integrated circuit,” Sci. Rep. 8, 3018 (2018).
[Crossref]

Kemal, J.

T. Harter, M. Weber, S. Muehlbrandt, S. Wolf, J. Kemal, F. Boes, S. Nellen, T. Goebel, J. Giesekus, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Wireless THz communications using optoelectronic techniques for signal generation and coherent reception,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper SM3J.2.

Kemal, J. N.

S. Ummethala, T. Harter, K. Koehnle, Z. Li, S. Muehlbrandt, Y. Kutuvantavida, J. N. Kemal, J. Schaefer, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. K. Garlapati, A. Bacher, L. Hahn, M. Walther, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “THz-to-optical conversion in wireless communications using an ultra-broadband plasmonic modulator,” Nat. Photon. 13, 519–524(2019).
[Crossref]

T. Harter, C. Füllner, J. N. Kemal, S. Ummethala, M. Brosi, E. Bründermann, W. Freude, S. Randel, and C. Koos, “110-m THz wireless transmission at 100  Gbit/s using a Kramers-Kronig Schottky barrier diode receiver,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2018), paper Th3F.7.

Kervella, G.

Khilo, A.

A. H. Atabaki, S. Moazeni, F. Pavanello, H. Gevorgyan, J. Notaros, L. Alloatti, M. T. Wade, C. Sun, S. A. Kruger, H. Meng, K. Al Qubaisi, I. Wang, B. Zhang, A. Khilo, C. V. Baiocco, M. A. Popović, V. M. Stojanović, and R. J. Ram, “Integrating photonics with silicon nanoelectronics for the next generation of systems on a chip,” Nature 556, 349–354 (2018).
[Crossref]

Kleijn, S.

L. M. Augustin, R. Santos, E. den Haan, S. Kleijn, P. J. A. Thijs, S. Latkowski, D. Zhao, W. Yao, J. Bolk, H. Ambrosius, S. Mingaleev, A. Richter, A. Bakker, and T. Korthorst, “InP-based generic foundry platform for photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 6100210 (2018).
[Crossref]

Koehnle, K.

S. Ummethala, T. Harter, K. Koehnle, Z. Li, S. Muehlbrandt, Y. Kutuvantavida, J. N. Kemal, J. Schaefer, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. K. Garlapati, A. Bacher, L. Hahn, M. Walther, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “THz-to-optical conversion in wireless communications using an ultra-broadband plasmonic modulator,” Nat. Photon. 13, 519–524(2019).
[Crossref]

Koenig, S.

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7, 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kohl, M.

Kohlhaas, R. B.

S. Nellen, B. Globisch, R. B. Kohlhaas, L. Liebermeister, and M. Schell, “Recent progress of continuous-wave terahertz systems for spectroscopy, non-destructive testing, and telecommunication,” Proc. SPIE 10531, 105310C (2018).
[Crossref]

Köhnle, K.

Koos, C.

S. Ummethala, T. Harter, K. Koehnle, Z. Li, S. Muehlbrandt, Y. Kutuvantavida, J. N. Kemal, J. Schaefer, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. K. Garlapati, A. Bacher, L. Hahn, M. Walther, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “THz-to-optical conversion in wireless communications using an ultra-broadband plasmonic modulator,” Nat. Photon. 13, 519–524(2019).
[Crossref]

T. Harter, S. Muehlbrandt, S. Ummethala, A. Schmid, S. Nellen, L. Hahn, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Silicon-plasmonic integrated circuits for terahertz signal generation and coherent detection,” Nat. Photonics 12, 625–633 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. R. Billah, M. Blaicher, T. Hoose, P.-I. Dietrich, P. Marin-Palomo, N. Lindenmann, A. Nesic, A. Hofmann, U. Troppenz, M. Moehrle, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Hybrid integration of silicon photonics circuits and InP lasers by photonic wire bonding,” Optica 5, 876–883 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Muehlbrandt, A. Melikyan, T. Harter, K. Köhnle, A. Muslija, P. Vincze, S. Wolf, P. Jakobs, Y. Fedoryshyn, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and M. Kohl, “Silicon-plasmonic internal-photoemission detector for 40  Gbit/s data reception,” Optica 3, 741–747 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7, 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Harter, C. Füllner, J. N. Kemal, S. Ummethala, M. Brosi, E. Bründermann, W. Freude, S. Randel, and C. Koos, “110-m THz wireless transmission at 100  Gbit/s using a Kramers-Kronig Schottky barrier diode receiver,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2018), paper Th3F.7.

T. Harter, M. M. H. Adib, S. Wolf, S. Muehlbrandt, M. Weber, M. Blaicher, F. Boes, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. Nellen, T. Goebel, J. Giesekus, M. Walther, T. Zwick, W. Freude, S. Randel, and C. Koos, “Wireless multi-subcarrier THz communications using mixing in a photoconductor for coherent reception,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 147–148.

T. Harter, M. Weber, S. Muehlbrandt, S. Wolf, J. Kemal, F. Boes, S. Nellen, T. Goebel, J. Giesekus, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Wireless THz communications using optoelectronic techniques for signal generation and coherent reception,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper SM3J.2.

Korthorst, T.

L. M. Augustin, R. Santos, E. den Haan, S. Kleijn, P. J. A. Thijs, S. Latkowski, D. Zhao, W. Yao, J. Bolk, H. Ambrosius, S. Mingaleev, A. Richter, A. Bakker, and T. Korthorst, “InP-based generic foundry platform for photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 6100210 (2018).
[Crossref]

Kruger, S. A.

A. H. Atabaki, S. Moazeni, F. Pavanello, H. Gevorgyan, J. Notaros, L. Alloatti, M. T. Wade, C. Sun, S. A. Kruger, H. Meng, K. Al Qubaisi, I. Wang, B. Zhang, A. Khilo, C. V. Baiocco, M. A. Popović, V. M. Stojanović, and R. J. Ram, “Integrating photonics with silicon nanoelectronics for the next generation of systems on a chip,” Nature 556, 349–354 (2018).
[Crossref]

Kuri, M.

A. Tessmann, A. Leuther, V. Hurm, H. Massler, S. Wagner, M. Kuri, M. Zink, M. Riessle, H.-P. Stulz, M. Schlechtweg, and O. Ambacher, “A broadband 220–320  GHz medium power amplifier module,” in IEEE Compound Semiconductor Integrated Circuit Symposium (CSICS) (IEEE, 2014).

Kutuvantavida, Y.

S. Ummethala, T. Harter, K. Koehnle, Z. Li, S. Muehlbrandt, Y. Kutuvantavida, J. N. Kemal, J. Schaefer, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. K. Garlapati, A. Bacher, L. Hahn, M. Walther, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “THz-to-optical conversion in wireless communications using an ultra-broadband plasmonic modulator,” Nat. Photon. 13, 519–524(2019).
[Crossref]

Lampin, J.-F.

G. Ducournau, P. Szriftgiser, F. Pavanello, E. Peytavit, M. Zaknoune, D. Bacquet, A. Beck, T. Akalin, J.-F. Lampin, and J.-F. Lampin, “THz communications using photonics and electronic devices: the race to data-rate,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 36, 198–220 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Ducournau, P. Szriftgiser, F. Pavanello, E. Peytavit, M. Zaknoune, D. Bacquet, A. Beck, T. Akalin, J.-F. Lampin, and J.-F. Lampin, “THz communications using photonics and electronic devices: the race to data-rate,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 36, 198–220 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lamponi, M.

Latkowski, S.

L. M. Augustin, R. Santos, E. den Haan, S. Kleijn, P. J. A. Thijs, S. Latkowski, D. Zhao, W. Yao, J. Bolk, H. Ambrosius, S. Mingaleev, A. Richter, A. Bakker, and T. Korthorst, “InP-based generic foundry platform for photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 6100210 (2018).
[Crossref]

Leuther, A.

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7, 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Tessmann, A. Leuther, V. Hurm, H. Massler, S. Wagner, M. Kuri, M. Zink, M. Riessle, H.-P. Stulz, M. Schlechtweg, and O. Ambacher, “A broadband 220–320  GHz medium power amplifier module,” in IEEE Compound Semiconductor Integrated Circuit Symposium (CSICS) (IEEE, 2014).

Leuthold, J.

Y. Salamin, B. Baeuerle, W. Heni, F. C. Abrecht, A. Josten, Y. Fedoryshyn, C. Haffner, R. Bonjour, T. Watanabe, M. Burla, D. L. Elder, L. R. Dalton, and J. Leuthold, “Microwave plasmonic mixer in a transparent fibre-wireless link,” Nat. Photonics 12, 749–753 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Muehlbrandt, A. Melikyan, T. Harter, K. Köhnle, A. Muslija, P. Vincze, S. Wolf, P. Jakobs, Y. Fedoryshyn, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and M. Kohl, “Silicon-plasmonic internal-photoemission detector for 40  Gbit/s data reception,” Optica 3, 741–747 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7, 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

Li, Z.

S. Ummethala, T. Harter, K. Koehnle, Z. Li, S. Muehlbrandt, Y. Kutuvantavida, J. N. Kemal, J. Schaefer, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. K. Garlapati, A. Bacher, L. Hahn, M. Walther, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “THz-to-optical conversion in wireless communications using an ultra-broadband plasmonic modulator,” Nat. Photon. 13, 519–524(2019).
[Crossref]

Liebermeister, L.

S. Nellen, B. Globisch, R. B. Kohlhaas, L. Liebermeister, and M. Schell, “Recent progress of continuous-wave terahertz systems for spectroscopy, non-destructive testing, and telecommunication,” Proc. SPIE 10531, 105310C (2018).
[Crossref]

Lindenmann, N.

Liu, C. P.

Lopez-Diaz, D.

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7, 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lu, H.

A. de J. Fernandez Olvera, A. Roggenbuck, K. Dutzi, N. Vieweg, H. Lu, A. C. Gossard, and S. Preu, “International system of units (SI) traceable noise-equivalent power and responsivity characterization of continuous wave ErAs:InGaAs photoconductive terahertz detectors,” Photonics 6, 15 (2019).
[Crossref]

Ma, J.

J. Ma, N. J. Karl, S. Bretin, G. Ducournau, and D. M. Mittleman, “Frequency-division multiplexer and demultiplexer for terahertz wireless links,” Nat. Commun. 8, 729 (2017).
[Crossref]

Marin-Palomo, P.

Massler, H.

S. Ummethala, T. Harter, K. Koehnle, Z. Li, S. Muehlbrandt, Y. Kutuvantavida, J. N. Kemal, J. Schaefer, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. K. Garlapati, A. Bacher, L. Hahn, M. Walther, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “THz-to-optical conversion in wireless communications using an ultra-broadband plasmonic modulator,” Nat. Photon. 13, 519–524(2019).
[Crossref]

T. Harter, M. M. H. Adib, S. Wolf, S. Muehlbrandt, M. Weber, M. Blaicher, F. Boes, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. Nellen, T. Goebel, J. Giesekus, M. Walther, T. Zwick, W. Freude, S. Randel, and C. Koos, “Wireless multi-subcarrier THz communications using mixing in a photoconductor for coherent reception,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 147–148.

A. Tessmann, A. Leuther, V. Hurm, H. Massler, S. Wagner, M. Kuri, M. Zink, M. Riessle, H.-P. Stulz, M. Schlechtweg, and O. Ambacher, “A broadband 220–320  GHz medium power amplifier module,” in IEEE Compound Semiconductor Integrated Circuit Symposium (CSICS) (IEEE, 2014).

Mayorga, I. C.

A. Roggenbuck, H. Schmitz, A. Deninger, I. C. Mayorga, J. Hemberger, R. Güsten, and M. Grüninger, “Coherent broadband continuous-wave terahertz spectroscopy on solid-state samples,” New J. Phys. 12, 043017 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mayzus, R.

T. S. Rappaport, S. Sun, R. Mayzus, H. Zhao, Y. Azar, K. Wang, G. N. Wong, J. K. Schulz, M. Samimi, and F. Gutierrez, “Millimeter wave mobile communications for 5G cellular: it will work!” IEEE Access 1, 335–349 (2013).
[Crossref]

McIntosh, K. A.

S. Verghese, K. A. McIntosh, S. Calawa, W. F. Dinatale, E. K. Duerr, and K. A. Molvar, “Generation and detection of coherent terahertz waves using two photomixers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3824 (1998).
[Crossref]

Meier, D.

F. Boes, J. Antes, T. Messinger, D. Meier, R. Henneberger, A. Tessmann, and I. Kallfass, “Multi-gigabit E-band wireless data transmission,” in IEEE MTT-S International Microwwave Symposium (IMS) (2015).

Melikyan, A.

Meng, H.

A. H. Atabaki, S. Moazeni, F. Pavanello, H. Gevorgyan, J. Notaros, L. Alloatti, M. T. Wade, C. Sun, S. A. Kruger, H. Meng, K. Al Qubaisi, I. Wang, B. Zhang, A. Khilo, C. V. Baiocco, M. A. Popović, V. M. Stojanović, and R. J. Ram, “Integrating photonics with silicon nanoelectronics for the next generation of systems on a chip,” Nature 556, 349–354 (2018).
[Crossref]

Messinger, T.

F. Boes, J. Antes, T. Messinger, D. Meier, R. Henneberger, A. Tessmann, and I. Kallfass, “Multi-gigabit E-band wireless data transmission,” in IEEE MTT-S International Microwwave Symposium (IMS) (2015).

Mingaleev, S.

L. M. Augustin, R. Santos, E. den Haan, S. Kleijn, P. J. A. Thijs, S. Latkowski, D. Zhao, W. Yao, J. Bolk, H. Ambrosius, S. Mingaleev, A. Richter, A. Bakker, and T. Korthorst, “InP-based generic foundry platform for photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 6100210 (2018).
[Crossref]

Mittleman, D. M.

K. Sengupta, T. Nagatsuma, and D. M. Mittleman, “Terahertz integrated electronic and hybrid electronic-photonic systems,” Nat. Electron. 1, 622–635 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Ma, N. J. Karl, S. Bretin, G. Ducournau, and D. M. Mittleman, “Frequency-division multiplexer and demultiplexer for terahertz wireless links,” Nat. Commun. 8, 729 (2017).
[Crossref]

Moazeni, S.

A. H. Atabaki, S. Moazeni, F. Pavanello, H. Gevorgyan, J. Notaros, L. Alloatti, M. T. Wade, C. Sun, S. A. Kruger, H. Meng, K. Al Qubaisi, I. Wang, B. Zhang, A. Khilo, C. V. Baiocco, M. A. Popović, V. M. Stojanović, and R. J. Ram, “Integrating photonics with silicon nanoelectronics for the next generation of systems on a chip,” Nature 556, 349–354 (2018).
[Crossref]

Moehrle, M.

Mohammad, A. W.

Molvar, K. A.

S. Verghese, K. A. McIntosh, S. Calawa, W. F. Dinatale, E. K. Duerr, and K. A. Molvar, “Generation and detection of coherent terahertz waves using two photomixers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3824 (1998).
[Crossref]

Morioka, T.

S. Jia, X. Pang, O. Ozolins, X. Yu, H. Hu, J. Yu, P. Guan, F. Da Ros, S. Popov, G. Jacobsen, M. Galili, T. Morioka, D. Zibar, and L. K. Oxenlowe, “0.4  THz photonic-wireless link with 106  Gb/s single channel bitrate,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36, 610–616 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Yu, S. Jia, H. Hu, M. Galili, T. Morioka, P. U. Jepsen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “160  Gbit/s photonics wireless transmission in the 300–500  GHz band,” APL Photon. 1, 081301 (2016).
[Crossref]

Muehlbrandt, S.

S. Ummethala, T. Harter, K. Koehnle, Z. Li, S. Muehlbrandt, Y. Kutuvantavida, J. N. Kemal, J. Schaefer, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. K. Garlapati, A. Bacher, L. Hahn, M. Walther, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “THz-to-optical conversion in wireless communications using an ultra-broadband plasmonic modulator,” Nat. Photon. 13, 519–524(2019).
[Crossref]

T. Harter, S. Muehlbrandt, S. Ummethala, A. Schmid, S. Nellen, L. Hahn, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Silicon-plasmonic integrated circuits for terahertz signal generation and coherent detection,” Nat. Photonics 12, 625–633 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Muehlbrandt, A. Melikyan, T. Harter, K. Köhnle, A. Muslija, P. Vincze, S. Wolf, P. Jakobs, Y. Fedoryshyn, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and M. Kohl, “Silicon-plasmonic internal-photoemission detector for 40  Gbit/s data reception,” Optica 3, 741–747 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Harter, M. M. H. Adib, S. Wolf, S. Muehlbrandt, M. Weber, M. Blaicher, F. Boes, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. Nellen, T. Goebel, J. Giesekus, M. Walther, T. Zwick, W. Freude, S. Randel, and C. Koos, “Wireless multi-subcarrier THz communications using mixing in a photoconductor for coherent reception,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 147–148.

T. Harter, M. Weber, S. Muehlbrandt, S. Wolf, J. Kemal, F. Boes, S. Nellen, T. Goebel, J. Giesekus, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Wireless THz communications using optoelectronic techniques for signal generation and coherent reception,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper SM3J.2.

Muramoto, Y.

H. Ito, T. Furuta, Y. Muramoto, T. Ito, and T. Ishibashi, “Photonic millimetre- and sub-millimetre-wave generation using J-band rectangular-waveguide-output uni-travelling-carrier photodiode module,” Electron. Lett. 42, 1424–1425 (2006).
[Crossref]

Muslija, A.

Nagatsuma, T.

K. Sengupta, T. Nagatsuma, and D. M. Mittleman, “Terahertz integrated electronic and hybrid electronic-photonic systems,” Nat. Electron. 1, 622–635 (2018).
[Crossref]

G. Carpintero, S. Hisatake, D. de Felipe, R. Guzman, T. Nagatsuma, and N. Keil, “Wireless data transmission at terahertz carrier waves generated from a hybrid InP-polymer dual tunable DBR laser photonic integrated circuit,” Sci. Rep. 8, 3018 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Yata, M. Fujita, and T. Nagatsuma, “Photonic-crystal diplexers for terahertz-wave applications,” Opt. Express 24, 7835–7849 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Nagatsuma, G. Ducournau, and C. C. Renaud, “Advances in terahertz communications accelerated by photonics,” Nat. Photonics 10, 371–379 (2016).
[Crossref]

H.-J. Song and T. Nagatsuma, “Present and future of terahertz communications,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1, 256–263 (2011).
[Crossref]

Natrella, M.

Nellen, S.

S. Nellen, B. Globisch, R. B. Kohlhaas, L. Liebermeister, and M. Schell, “Recent progress of continuous-wave terahertz systems for spectroscopy, non-destructive testing, and telecommunication,” Proc. SPIE 10531, 105310C (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Harter, S. Muehlbrandt, S. Ummethala, A. Schmid, S. Nellen, L. Hahn, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Silicon-plasmonic integrated circuits for terahertz signal generation and coherent detection,” Nat. Photonics 12, 625–633 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Harter, M. Weber, S. Muehlbrandt, S. Wolf, J. Kemal, F. Boes, S. Nellen, T. Goebel, J. Giesekus, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Wireless THz communications using optoelectronic techniques for signal generation and coherent reception,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper SM3J.2.

T. Harter, M. M. H. Adib, S. Wolf, S. Muehlbrandt, M. Weber, M. Blaicher, F. Boes, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. Nellen, T. Goebel, J. Giesekus, M. Walther, T. Zwick, W. Freude, S. Randel, and C. Koos, “Wireless multi-subcarrier THz communications using mixing in a photoconductor for coherent reception,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 147–148.

Nesic, A.

Notaros, J.

A. H. Atabaki, S. Moazeni, F. Pavanello, H. Gevorgyan, J. Notaros, L. Alloatti, M. T. Wade, C. Sun, S. A. Kruger, H. Meng, K. Al Qubaisi, I. Wang, B. Zhang, A. Khilo, C. V. Baiocco, M. A. Popović, V. M. Stojanović, and R. J. Ram, “Integrating photonics with silicon nanoelectronics for the next generation of systems on a chip,” Nature 556, 349–354 (2018).
[Crossref]

Novak, D.

R. Waterhouse and D. Novak, “Realizing 5G: microwave photonics for 5G mobile wireless systems,” IEEE Microw. Mag. 16(8), 84–92 (2015).
[Crossref]

Oxenlowe, L. K.

Oxenløwe, L. K.

X. Yu, S. Jia, H. Hu, M. Galili, T. Morioka, P. U. Jepsen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “160  Gbit/s photonics wireless transmission in the 300–500  GHz band,” APL Photon. 1, 081301 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ozolins, O.

Palmer, R.

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7, 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pang, X.

Pavanello, F.

A. H. Atabaki, S. Moazeni, F. Pavanello, H. Gevorgyan, J. Notaros, L. Alloatti, M. T. Wade, C. Sun, S. A. Kruger, H. Meng, K. Al Qubaisi, I. Wang, B. Zhang, A. Khilo, C. V. Baiocco, M. A. Popović, V. M. Stojanović, and R. J. Ram, “Integrating photonics with silicon nanoelectronics for the next generation of systems on a chip,” Nature 556, 349–354 (2018).
[Crossref]

G. Ducournau, P. Szriftgiser, F. Pavanello, E. Peytavit, M. Zaknoune, D. Bacquet, A. Beck, T. Akalin, J.-F. Lampin, and J.-F. Lampin, “THz communications using photonics and electronic devices: the race to data-rate,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 36, 198–220 (2015).
[Crossref]

Penty, R. V.

Pérez, D.

Peytavit, E.

G. Ducournau, P. Szriftgiser, F. Pavanello, E. Peytavit, M. Zaknoune, D. Bacquet, A. Beck, T. Akalin, J.-F. Lampin, and J.-F. Lampin, “THz communications using photonics and electronic devices: the race to data-rate,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 36, 198–220 (2015).
[Crossref]

Popov, S.

Popovic, M. A.

A. H. Atabaki, S. Moazeni, F. Pavanello, H. Gevorgyan, J. Notaros, L. Alloatti, M. T. Wade, C. Sun, S. A. Kruger, H. Meng, K. Al Qubaisi, I. Wang, B. Zhang, A. Khilo, C. V. Baiocco, M. A. Popović, V. M. Stojanović, and R. J. Ram, “Integrating photonics with silicon nanoelectronics for the next generation of systems on a chip,” Nature 556, 349–354 (2018).
[Crossref]

Preu, S.

A. de J. Fernandez Olvera, A. Roggenbuck, K. Dutzi, N. Vieweg, H. Lu, A. C. Gossard, and S. Preu, “International system of units (SI) traceable noise-equivalent power and responsivity characterization of continuous wave ErAs:InGaAs photoconductive terahertz detectors,” Photonics 6, 15 (2019).
[Crossref]

Puerta, R.

Ram, R. J.

A. H. Atabaki, S. Moazeni, F. Pavanello, H. Gevorgyan, J. Notaros, L. Alloatti, M. T. Wade, C. Sun, S. A. Kruger, H. Meng, K. Al Qubaisi, I. Wang, B. Zhang, A. Khilo, C. V. Baiocco, M. A. Popović, V. M. Stojanović, and R. J. Ram, “Integrating photonics with silicon nanoelectronics for the next generation of systems on a chip,” Nature 556, 349–354 (2018).
[Crossref]

Randel, S.

S. Ummethala, T. Harter, K. Koehnle, Z. Li, S. Muehlbrandt, Y. Kutuvantavida, J. N. Kemal, J. Schaefer, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. K. Garlapati, A. Bacher, L. Hahn, M. Walther, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “THz-to-optical conversion in wireless communications using an ultra-broadband plasmonic modulator,” Nat. Photon. 13, 519–524(2019).
[Crossref]

M. R. Billah, M. Blaicher, T. Hoose, P.-I. Dietrich, P. Marin-Palomo, N. Lindenmann, A. Nesic, A. Hofmann, U. Troppenz, M. Moehrle, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Hybrid integration of silicon photonics circuits and InP lasers by photonic wire bonding,” Optica 5, 876–883 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Harter, C. Füllner, J. N. Kemal, S. Ummethala, M. Brosi, E. Bründermann, W. Freude, S. Randel, and C. Koos, “110-m THz wireless transmission at 100  Gbit/s using a Kramers-Kronig Schottky barrier diode receiver,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2018), paper Th3F.7.

T. Harter, M. M. H. Adib, S. Wolf, S. Muehlbrandt, M. Weber, M. Blaicher, F. Boes, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. Nellen, T. Goebel, J. Giesekus, M. Walther, T. Zwick, W. Freude, S. Randel, and C. Koos, “Wireless multi-subcarrier THz communications using mixing in a photoconductor for coherent reception,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 147–148.

T. Harter, M. Weber, S. Muehlbrandt, S. Wolf, J. Kemal, F. Boes, S. Nellen, T. Goebel, J. Giesekus, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Wireless THz communications using optoelectronic techniques for signal generation and coherent reception,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper SM3J.2.

Rappaport, T. S.

T. S. Rappaport, S. Sun, R. Mayzus, H. Zhao, Y. Azar, K. Wang, G. N. Wong, J. K. Schulz, M. Samimi, and F. Gutierrez, “Millimeter wave mobile communications for 5G cellular: it will work!” IEEE Access 1, 335–349 (2013).
[Crossref]

Renaud, C. C.

Richter, A.

L. M. Augustin, R. Santos, E. den Haan, S. Kleijn, P. J. A. Thijs, S. Latkowski, D. Zhao, W. Yao, J. Bolk, H. Ambrosius, S. Mingaleev, A. Richter, A. Bakker, and T. Korthorst, “InP-based generic foundry platform for photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 6100210 (2018).
[Crossref]

Riessle, M.

A. Tessmann, A. Leuther, V. Hurm, H. Massler, S. Wagner, M. Kuri, M. Zink, M. Riessle, H.-P. Stulz, M. Schlechtweg, and O. Ambacher, “A broadband 220–320  GHz medium power amplifier module,” in IEEE Compound Semiconductor Integrated Circuit Symposium (CSICS) (IEEE, 2014).

Roehle, H.

Roggenbuck, A.

A. de J. Fernandez Olvera, A. Roggenbuck, K. Dutzi, N. Vieweg, H. Lu, A. C. Gossard, and S. Preu, “International system of units (SI) traceable noise-equivalent power and responsivity characterization of continuous wave ErAs:InGaAs photoconductive terahertz detectors,” Photonics 6, 15 (2019).
[Crossref]

A. Roggenbuck, H. Schmitz, A. Deninger, I. C. Mayorga, J. Hemberger, R. Güsten, and M. Grüninger, “Coherent broadband continuous-wave terahertz spectroscopy on solid-state samples,” New J. Phys. 12, 043017 (2010).
[Crossref]

Saeedkia, D.

Safavi-Naeini, S.

Salamin, Y.

Y. Salamin, B. Baeuerle, W. Heni, F. C. Abrecht, A. Josten, Y. Fedoryshyn, C. Haffner, R. Bonjour, T. Watanabe, M. Burla, D. L. Elder, L. R. Dalton, and J. Leuthold, “Microwave plasmonic mixer in a transparent fibre-wireless link,” Nat. Photonics 12, 749–753 (2018).
[Crossref]

Samimi, M.

T. S. Rappaport, S. Sun, R. Mayzus, H. Zhao, Y. Azar, K. Wang, G. N. Wong, J. K. Schulz, M. Samimi, and F. Gutierrez, “Millimeter wave mobile communications for 5G cellular: it will work!” IEEE Access 1, 335–349 (2013).
[Crossref]

Santos, R.

L. M. Augustin, R. Santos, E. den Haan, S. Kleijn, P. J. A. Thijs, S. Latkowski, D. Zhao, W. Yao, J. Bolk, H. Ambrosius, S. Mingaleev, A. Richter, A. Bakker, and T. Korthorst, “InP-based generic foundry platform for photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 6100210 (2018).
[Crossref]

Schaefer, J.

S. Ummethala, T. Harter, K. Koehnle, Z. Li, S. Muehlbrandt, Y. Kutuvantavida, J. N. Kemal, J. Schaefer, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. K. Garlapati, A. Bacher, L. Hahn, M. Walther, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “THz-to-optical conversion in wireless communications using an ultra-broadband plasmonic modulator,” Nat. Photon. 13, 519–524(2019).
[Crossref]

Schell, M.

S. Nellen, B. Globisch, R. B. Kohlhaas, L. Liebermeister, and M. Schell, “Recent progress of continuous-wave terahertz systems for spectroscopy, non-destructive testing, and telecommunication,” Proc. SPIE 10531, 105310C (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Göbel, D. Stanze, B. Globisch, R. J. B. Dietz, H. Roehle, and M. Schell, “Telecom technology based continuous wave terahertz photomixing system with 105 decibel signal-to-noise ratio and 3.5 terahertz bandwidth,” Opt. Lett. 38, 4197–4199 (2013).
[Crossref]

Schlechtweg, M.

A. Tessmann, A. Leuther, V. Hurm, H. Massler, S. Wagner, M. Kuri, M. Zink, M. Riessle, H.-P. Stulz, M. Schlechtweg, and O. Ambacher, “A broadband 220–320  GHz medium power amplifier module,” in IEEE Compound Semiconductor Integrated Circuit Symposium (CSICS) (IEEE, 2014).

Schmid, A.

T. Harter, S. Muehlbrandt, S. Ummethala, A. Schmid, S. Nellen, L. Hahn, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Silicon-plasmonic integrated circuits for terahertz signal generation and coherent detection,” Nat. Photonics 12, 625–633 (2018).
[Crossref]

Schmitz, H.

A. Roggenbuck, H. Schmitz, A. Deninger, I. C. Mayorga, J. Hemberger, R. Güsten, and M. Grüninger, “Coherent broadband continuous-wave terahertz spectroscopy on solid-state samples,” New J. Phys. 12, 043017 (2010).
[Crossref]

Schmogrow, R.

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7, 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

Schulz, J. K.

T. S. Rappaport, S. Sun, R. Mayzus, H. Zhao, Y. Azar, K. Wang, G. N. Wong, J. K. Schulz, M. Samimi, and F. Gutierrez, “Millimeter wave mobile communications for 5G cellular: it will work!” IEEE Access 1, 335–349 (2013).
[Crossref]

Seeds, A. J.

Sengupta, K.

K. Sengupta, T. Nagatsuma, and D. M. Mittleman, “Terahertz integrated electronic and hybrid electronic-photonic systems,” Nat. Electron. 1, 622–635 (2018).
[Crossref]

Shams, H.

Shao, T.

H. Shams, T. Shao, M. J. Fice, P. M. Anandarajah, C. C. Renaud, F. Van Dijk, L. P. Barry, and A. J. Seeds, “100  Gb/s multicarrier THz wireless transmission system with high frequency stability based on a gain-switched laser comb source,” IEEE Photon. J. 7, 1–11 (2015).
[Crossref]

Song, H.-J.

H.-J. Song, “Packages for terahertz electronics,” Proc. IEEE 105, 1121–1138 (2017).
[Crossref]

H.-J. Song and T. Nagatsuma, “Present and future of terahertz communications,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1, 256–263 (2011).
[Crossref]

Stanze, D.

Stojanovic, V. M.

A. H. Atabaki, S. Moazeni, F. Pavanello, H. Gevorgyan, J. Notaros, L. Alloatti, M. T. Wade, C. Sun, S. A. Kruger, H. Meng, K. Al Qubaisi, I. Wang, B. Zhang, A. Khilo, C. V. Baiocco, M. A. Popović, V. M. Stojanović, and R. J. Ram, “Integrating photonics with silicon nanoelectronics for the next generation of systems on a chip,” Nature 556, 349–354 (2018).
[Crossref]

Stulz, H.-P.

A. Tessmann, A. Leuther, V. Hurm, H. Massler, S. Wagner, M. Kuri, M. Zink, M. Riessle, H.-P. Stulz, M. Schlechtweg, and O. Ambacher, “A broadband 220–320  GHz medium power amplifier module,” in IEEE Compound Semiconductor Integrated Circuit Symposium (CSICS) (IEEE, 2014).

Sun, C.

A. H. Atabaki, S. Moazeni, F. Pavanello, H. Gevorgyan, J. Notaros, L. Alloatti, M. T. Wade, C. Sun, S. A. Kruger, H. Meng, K. Al Qubaisi, I. Wang, B. Zhang, A. Khilo, C. V. Baiocco, M. A. Popović, V. M. Stojanović, and R. J. Ram, “Integrating photonics with silicon nanoelectronics for the next generation of systems on a chip,” Nature 556, 349–354 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sun, S.

T. S. Rappaport, S. Sun, R. Mayzus, H. Zhao, Y. Azar, K. Wang, G. N. Wong, J. K. Schulz, M. Samimi, and F. Gutierrez, “Millimeter wave mobile communications for 5G cellular: it will work!” IEEE Access 1, 335–349 (2013).
[Crossref]

Szriftgiser, P.

G. Ducournau, P. Szriftgiser, F. Pavanello, E. Peytavit, M. Zaknoune, D. Bacquet, A. Beck, T. Akalin, J.-F. Lampin, and J.-F. Lampin, “THz communications using photonics and electronic devices: the race to data-rate,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 36, 198–220 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tafur Monroy, I.

Tessmann, A.

S. Ummethala, T. Harter, K. Koehnle, Z. Li, S. Muehlbrandt, Y. Kutuvantavida, J. N. Kemal, J. Schaefer, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. K. Garlapati, A. Bacher, L. Hahn, M. Walther, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “THz-to-optical conversion in wireless communications using an ultra-broadband plasmonic modulator,” Nat. Photon. 13, 519–524(2019).
[Crossref]

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7, 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Harter, M. M. H. Adib, S. Wolf, S. Muehlbrandt, M. Weber, M. Blaicher, F. Boes, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. Nellen, T. Goebel, J. Giesekus, M. Walther, T. Zwick, W. Freude, S. Randel, and C. Koos, “Wireless multi-subcarrier THz communications using mixing in a photoconductor for coherent reception,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 147–148.

A. Tessmann, A. Leuther, V. Hurm, H. Massler, S. Wagner, M. Kuri, M. Zink, M. Riessle, H.-P. Stulz, M. Schlechtweg, and O. Ambacher, “A broadband 220–320  GHz medium power amplifier module,” in IEEE Compound Semiconductor Integrated Circuit Symposium (CSICS) (IEEE, 2014).

F. Boes, J. Antes, T. Messinger, D. Meier, R. Henneberger, A. Tessmann, and I. Kallfass, “Multi-gigabit E-band wireless data transmission,” in IEEE MTT-S International Microwwave Symposium (IMS) (2015).

Thijs, P. J. A.

L. M. Augustin, R. Santos, E. den Haan, S. Kleijn, P. J. A. Thijs, S. Latkowski, D. Zhao, W. Yao, J. Bolk, H. Ambrosius, S. Mingaleev, A. Richter, A. Bakker, and T. Korthorst, “InP-based generic foundry platform for photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 6100210 (2018).
[Crossref]

Troppenz, U.

Ummethala, S.

S. Ummethala, T. Harter, K. Koehnle, Z. Li, S. Muehlbrandt, Y. Kutuvantavida, J. N. Kemal, J. Schaefer, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. K. Garlapati, A. Bacher, L. Hahn, M. Walther, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “THz-to-optical conversion in wireless communications using an ultra-broadband plasmonic modulator,” Nat. Photon. 13, 519–524(2019).
[Crossref]

T. Harter, S. Muehlbrandt, S. Ummethala, A. Schmid, S. Nellen, L. Hahn, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Silicon-plasmonic integrated circuits for terahertz signal generation and coherent detection,” Nat. Photonics 12, 625–633 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Harter, C. Füllner, J. N. Kemal, S. Ummethala, M. Brosi, E. Bründermann, W. Freude, S. Randel, and C. Koos, “110-m THz wireless transmission at 100  Gbit/s using a Kramers-Kronig Schottky barrier diode receiver,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2018), paper Th3F.7.

Van Dijk, F.

H. Shams, T. Shao, M. J. Fice, P. M. Anandarajah, C. C. Renaud, F. Van Dijk, L. P. Barry, and A. J. Seeds, “100  Gb/s multicarrier THz wireless transmission system with high frequency stability based on a gain-switched laser comb source,” IEEE Photon. J. 7, 1–11 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Carpintero, K. Balakier, Z. Yang, R. C. Guzman, A. Corradi, A. Jimenez, G. Kervella, M. J. Fice, M. Lamponi, M. Chitoui, F. van Dijk, C. C. Renaud, A. Wonfor, E. A. J. M. Bente, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and A. J. Seeds, “Microwave photonic integrated circuits for millimeter-wave wireless communications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3495–3501 (2014).
[Crossref]

Vegas Olmos, J. J.

Verghese, S.

S. Verghese, K. A. McIntosh, S. Calawa, W. F. Dinatale, E. K. Duerr, and K. A. Molvar, “Generation and detection of coherent terahertz waves using two photomixers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3824 (1998).
[Crossref]

Vieweg, N.

A. de J. Fernandez Olvera, A. Roggenbuck, K. Dutzi, N. Vieweg, H. Lu, A. C. Gossard, and S. Preu, “International system of units (SI) traceable noise-equivalent power and responsivity characterization of continuous wave ErAs:InGaAs photoconductive terahertz detectors,” Photonics 6, 15 (2019).
[Crossref]

Vincze, P.

Wade, M. T.

A. H. Atabaki, S. Moazeni, F. Pavanello, H. Gevorgyan, J. Notaros, L. Alloatti, M. T. Wade, C. Sun, S. A. Kruger, H. Meng, K. Al Qubaisi, I. Wang, B. Zhang, A. Khilo, C. V. Baiocco, M. A. Popović, V. M. Stojanović, and R. J. Ram, “Integrating photonics with silicon nanoelectronics for the next generation of systems on a chip,” Nature 556, 349–354 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wagner, S.

A. Tessmann, A. Leuther, V. Hurm, H. Massler, S. Wagner, M. Kuri, M. Zink, M. Riessle, H.-P. Stulz, M. Schlechtweg, and O. Ambacher, “A broadband 220–320  GHz medium power amplifier module,” in IEEE Compound Semiconductor Integrated Circuit Symposium (CSICS) (IEEE, 2014).

Walther, M.

S. Ummethala, T. Harter, K. Koehnle, Z. Li, S. Muehlbrandt, Y. Kutuvantavida, J. N. Kemal, J. Schaefer, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. K. Garlapati, A. Bacher, L. Hahn, M. Walther, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “THz-to-optical conversion in wireless communications using an ultra-broadband plasmonic modulator,” Nat. Photon. 13, 519–524(2019).
[Crossref]

T. Harter, M. M. H. Adib, S. Wolf, S. Muehlbrandt, M. Weber, M. Blaicher, F. Boes, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. Nellen, T. Goebel, J. Giesekus, M. Walther, T. Zwick, W. Freude, S. Randel, and C. Koos, “Wireless multi-subcarrier THz communications using mixing in a photoconductor for coherent reception,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 147–148.

Wang, C.

Wang, I.

A. H. Atabaki, S. Moazeni, F. Pavanello, H. Gevorgyan, J. Notaros, L. Alloatti, M. T. Wade, C. Sun, S. A. Kruger, H. Meng, K. Al Qubaisi, I. Wang, B. Zhang, A. Khilo, C. V. Baiocco, M. A. Popović, V. M. Stojanović, and R. J. Ram, “Integrating photonics with silicon nanoelectronics for the next generation of systems on a chip,” Nature 556, 349–354 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wang, K.

X. Li, J. Yu, L. Zhao, K. Wang, C. Wang, M. Zhao, W. Zhou, and J. Xiao, “1-Tb/s millimeter-wave signal wireless delivery at D-band,” J. Lightwave Technol. 37, 196–204 (2019).
[Crossref]

T. S. Rappaport, S. Sun, R. Mayzus, H. Zhao, Y. Azar, K. Wang, G. N. Wong, J. K. Schulz, M. Samimi, and F. Gutierrez, “Millimeter wave mobile communications for 5G cellular: it will work!” IEEE Access 1, 335–349 (2013).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, T.

Y. Salamin, B. Baeuerle, W. Heni, F. C. Abrecht, A. Josten, Y. Fedoryshyn, C. Haffner, R. Bonjour, T. Watanabe, M. Burla, D. L. Elder, L. R. Dalton, and J. Leuthold, “Microwave plasmonic mixer in a transparent fibre-wireless link,” Nat. Photonics 12, 749–753 (2018).
[Crossref]

Waterhouse, R.

R. Waterhouse and D. Novak, “Realizing 5G: microwave photonics for 5G mobile wireless systems,” IEEE Microw. Mag. 16(8), 84–92 (2015).
[Crossref]

Weber, M.

T. Harter, M. M. H. Adib, S. Wolf, S. Muehlbrandt, M. Weber, M. Blaicher, F. Boes, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. Nellen, T. Goebel, J. Giesekus, M. Walther, T. Zwick, W. Freude, S. Randel, and C. Koos, “Wireless multi-subcarrier THz communications using mixing in a photoconductor for coherent reception,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 147–148.

T. Harter, M. Weber, S. Muehlbrandt, S. Wolf, J. Kemal, F. Boes, S. Nellen, T. Goebel, J. Giesekus, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Wireless THz communications using optoelectronic techniques for signal generation and coherent reception,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper SM3J.2.

White, I. H.

Wolf, S.

S. Muehlbrandt, A. Melikyan, T. Harter, K. Köhnle, A. Muslija, P. Vincze, S. Wolf, P. Jakobs, Y. Fedoryshyn, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and M. Kohl, “Silicon-plasmonic internal-photoemission detector for 40  Gbit/s data reception,” Optica 3, 741–747 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Harter, M. Weber, S. Muehlbrandt, S. Wolf, J. Kemal, F. Boes, S. Nellen, T. Goebel, J. Giesekus, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Wireless THz communications using optoelectronic techniques for signal generation and coherent reception,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper SM3J.2.

T. Harter, M. M. H. Adib, S. Wolf, S. Muehlbrandt, M. Weber, M. Blaicher, F. Boes, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. Nellen, T. Goebel, J. Giesekus, M. Walther, T. Zwick, W. Freude, S. Randel, and C. Koos, “Wireless multi-subcarrier THz communications using mixing in a photoconductor for coherent reception,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 147–148.

Wonfor, A.

Wong, G. N.

T. S. Rappaport, S. Sun, R. Mayzus, H. Zhao, Y. Azar, K. Wang, G. N. Wong, J. K. Schulz, M. Samimi, and F. Gutierrez, “Millimeter wave mobile communications for 5G cellular: it will work!” IEEE Access 1, 335–349 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xiao, J.

Xu, Y.

Yamamoto, N.

Yang, Z.

Yao, W.

L. M. Augustin, R. Santos, E. den Haan, S. Kleijn, P. J. A. Thijs, S. Latkowski, D. Zhao, W. Yao, J. Bolk, H. Ambrosius, S. Mingaleev, A. Richter, A. Bakker, and T. Korthorst, “InP-based generic foundry platform for photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 6100210 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yata, M.

Yu, J.

Yu, X.

S. Jia, X. Pang, O. Ozolins, X. Yu, H. Hu, J. Yu, P. Guan, F. Da Ros, S. Popov, G. Jacobsen, M. Galili, T. Morioka, D. Zibar, and L. K. Oxenlowe, “0.4  THz photonic-wireless link with 106  Gb/s single channel bitrate,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36, 610–616 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Yu, S. Jia, H. Hu, M. Galili, T. Morioka, P. U. Jepsen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “160  Gbit/s photonics wireless transmission in the 300–500  GHz band,” APL Photon. 1, 081301 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zaknoune, M.

G. Ducournau, P. Szriftgiser, F. Pavanello, E. Peytavit, M. Zaknoune, D. Bacquet, A. Beck, T. Akalin, J.-F. Lampin, and J.-F. Lampin, “THz communications using photonics and electronic devices: the race to data-rate,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 36, 198–220 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, B.

A. H. Atabaki, S. Moazeni, F. Pavanello, H. Gevorgyan, J. Notaros, L. Alloatti, M. T. Wade, C. Sun, S. A. Kruger, H. Meng, K. Al Qubaisi, I. Wang, B. Zhang, A. Khilo, C. V. Baiocco, M. A. Popović, V. M. Stojanović, and R. J. Ram, “Integrating photonics with silicon nanoelectronics for the next generation of systems on a chip,” Nature 556, 349–354 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhao, D.

L. M. Augustin, R. Santos, E. den Haan, S. Kleijn, P. J. A. Thijs, S. Latkowski, D. Zhao, W. Yao, J. Bolk, H. Ambrosius, S. Mingaleev, A. Richter, A. Bakker, and T. Korthorst, “InP-based generic foundry platform for photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 6100210 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhao, H.

T. S. Rappaport, S. Sun, R. Mayzus, H. Zhao, Y. Azar, K. Wang, G. N. Wong, J. K. Schulz, M. Samimi, and F. Gutierrez, “Millimeter wave mobile communications for 5G cellular: it will work!” IEEE Access 1, 335–349 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhao, L.

Zhao, M.

Zhou, W.

Zibar, D.

Zink, M.

A. Tessmann, A. Leuther, V. Hurm, H. Massler, S. Wagner, M. Kuri, M. Zink, M. Riessle, H.-P. Stulz, M. Schlechtweg, and O. Ambacher, “A broadband 220–320  GHz medium power amplifier module,” in IEEE Compound Semiconductor Integrated Circuit Symposium (CSICS) (IEEE, 2014).

Zwick, T.

S. Ummethala, T. Harter, K. Koehnle, Z. Li, S. Muehlbrandt, Y. Kutuvantavida, J. N. Kemal, J. Schaefer, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. K. Garlapati, A. Bacher, L. Hahn, M. Walther, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “THz-to-optical conversion in wireless communications using an ultra-broadband plasmonic modulator,” Nat. Photon. 13, 519–524(2019).
[Crossref]

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7, 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Harter, M. M. H. Adib, S. Wolf, S. Muehlbrandt, M. Weber, M. Blaicher, F. Boes, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. Nellen, T. Goebel, J. Giesekus, M. Walther, T. Zwick, W. Freude, S. Randel, and C. Koos, “Wireless multi-subcarrier THz communications using mixing in a photoconductor for coherent reception,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 147–148.

T. Harter, M. Weber, S. Muehlbrandt, S. Wolf, J. Kemal, F. Boes, S. Nellen, T. Goebel, J. Giesekus, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Wireless THz communications using optoelectronic techniques for signal generation and coherent reception,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper SM3J.2.

APL Photon. (1)

X. Yu, S. Jia, H. Hu, M. Galili, T. Morioka, P. U. Jepsen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “160  Gbit/s photonics wireless transmission in the 300–500  GHz band,” APL Photon. 1, 081301 (2016).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Verghese, K. A. McIntosh, S. Calawa, W. F. Dinatale, E. K. Duerr, and K. A. Molvar, “Generation and detection of coherent terahertz waves using two photomixers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3824 (1998).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

H. Ito, T. Furuta, Y. Muramoto, T. Ito, and T. Ishibashi, “Photonic millimetre- and sub-millimetre-wave generation using J-band rectangular-waveguide-output uni-travelling-carrier photodiode module,” Electron. Lett. 42, 1424–1425 (2006).
[Crossref]

IEEE Access (1)

T. S. Rappaport, S. Sun, R. Mayzus, H. Zhao, Y. Azar, K. Wang, G. N. Wong, J. K. Schulz, M. Samimi, and F. Gutierrez, “Millimeter wave mobile communications for 5G cellular: it will work!” IEEE Access 1, 335–349 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. M. Augustin, R. Santos, E. den Haan, S. Kleijn, P. J. A. Thijs, S. Latkowski, D. Zhao, W. Yao, J. Bolk, H. Ambrosius, S. Mingaleev, A. Richter, A. Bakker, and T. Korthorst, “InP-based generic foundry platform for photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 6100210 (2018).
[Crossref]

IEEE Microw. Mag. (1)

R. Waterhouse and D. Novak, “Realizing 5G: microwave photonics for 5G mobile wireless systems,” IEEE Microw. Mag. 16(8), 84–92 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

H. Shams, T. Shao, M. J. Fice, P. M. Anandarajah, C. C. Renaud, F. Van Dijk, L. P. Barry, and A. J. Seeds, “100  Gb/s multicarrier THz wireless transmission system with high frequency stability based on a gain-switched laser comb source,” IEEE Photon. J. 7, 1–11 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. (1)

H.-J. Song and T. Nagatsuma, “Present and future of terahertz communications,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1, 256–263 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves (1)

G. Ducournau, P. Szriftgiser, F. Pavanello, E. Peytavit, M. Zaknoune, D. Bacquet, A. Beck, T. Akalin, J.-F. Lampin, and J.-F. Lampin, “THz communications using photonics and electronic devices: the race to data-rate,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 36, 198–220 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (8)

R. Puerta, J. Yu, X. Li, Y. Xu, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Single-carrier dual-polarization 328-Gb/s wireless transmission in a D-Band millimeter wave 2 × 2 MU-MIMO radio-over-fiber system,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36, 587–593 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. Pérez, I. Gasulla, and J. Capmany, “Toward programmable microwave photonics processors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36, 519–532(2018).
[Crossref]

S. Jia, X. Pang, O. Ozolins, X. Yu, H. Hu, J. Yu, P. Guan, F. Da Ros, S. Popov, G. Jacobsen, M. Galili, T. Morioka, D. Zibar, and L. K. Oxenlowe, “0.4  THz photonic-wireless link with 106  Gb/s single channel bitrate,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36, 610–616 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Yu, L. Zhao, K. Wang, C. Wang, M. Zhao, W. Zhou, and J. Xiao, “1-Tb/s millimeter-wave signal wireless delivery at D-band,” J. Lightwave Technol. 37, 196–204 (2019).
[Crossref]

A. Kanno, P. T. Dat, N. Yamamoto, and T. Kawanishi, “Millimeter-wave radio-over-fiber network for linear cell systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36, 533–540 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. Saeedkia and S. Safavi-Naeini, “Terahertz photonics: optoelectronic techniques for generation and detection of terahertz waves,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2409–2423 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. W. Mohammad, H. Shams, C. P. Liu, C. Graham, M. Natrella, A. J. Seeds, and C. C. Renaud, “60-GHz transmission link using uni-traveling carrier photodiodes at the transmitter and the receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36, 4507–4513 (2018).
[Crossref]

G. Carpintero, K. Balakier, Z. Yang, R. C. Guzman, A. Corradi, A. Jimenez, G. Kervella, M. J. Fice, M. Lamponi, M. Chitoui, F. van Dijk, C. C. Renaud, A. Wonfor, E. A. J. M. Bente, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and A. J. Seeds, “Microwave photonic integrated circuits for millimeter-wave wireless communications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3495–3501 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

J. Ma, N. J. Karl, S. Bretin, G. Ducournau, and D. M. Mittleman, “Frequency-division multiplexer and demultiplexer for terahertz wireless links,” Nat. Commun. 8, 729 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nat. Electron. (1)

K. Sengupta, T. Nagatsuma, and D. M. Mittleman, “Terahertz integrated electronic and hybrid electronic-photonic systems,” Nat. Electron. 1, 622–635 (2018).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photon. (1)

S. Ummethala, T. Harter, K. Koehnle, Z. Li, S. Muehlbrandt, Y. Kutuvantavida, J. N. Kemal, J. Schaefer, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. K. Garlapati, A. Bacher, L. Hahn, M. Walther, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “THz-to-optical conversion in wireless communications using an ultra-broadband plasmonic modulator,” Nat. Photon. 13, 519–524(2019).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (4)

Y. Salamin, B. Baeuerle, W. Heni, F. C. Abrecht, A. Josten, Y. Fedoryshyn, C. Haffner, R. Bonjour, T. Watanabe, M. Burla, D. L. Elder, L. R. Dalton, and J. Leuthold, “Microwave plasmonic mixer in a transparent fibre-wireless link,” Nat. Photonics 12, 749–753 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Nagatsuma, G. Ducournau, and C. C. Renaud, “Advances in terahertz communications accelerated by photonics,” Nat. Photonics 10, 371–379 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Harter, S. Muehlbrandt, S. Ummethala, A. Schmid, S. Nellen, L. Hahn, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Silicon-plasmonic integrated circuits for terahertz signal generation and coherent detection,” Nat. Photonics 12, 625–633 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7, 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

A. H. Atabaki, S. Moazeni, F. Pavanello, H. Gevorgyan, J. Notaros, L. Alloatti, M. T. Wade, C. Sun, S. A. Kruger, H. Meng, K. Al Qubaisi, I. Wang, B. Zhang, A. Khilo, C. V. Baiocco, M. A. Popović, V. M. Stojanović, and R. J. Ram, “Integrating photonics with silicon nanoelectronics for the next generation of systems on a chip,” Nature 556, 349–354 (2018).
[Crossref]

New J. Phys. (1)

A. Roggenbuck, H. Schmitz, A. Deninger, I. C. Mayorga, J. Hemberger, R. Güsten, and M. Grüninger, “Coherent broadband continuous-wave terahertz spectroscopy on solid-state samples,” New J. Phys. 12, 043017 (2010).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Optica (2)

Photonics (1)

A. de J. Fernandez Olvera, A. Roggenbuck, K. Dutzi, N. Vieweg, H. Lu, A. C. Gossard, and S. Preu, “International system of units (SI) traceable noise-equivalent power and responsivity characterization of continuous wave ErAs:InGaAs photoconductive terahertz detectors,” Photonics 6, 15 (2019).
[Crossref]

Phys. Commun. (1)

I. F. Akyildiz, J. M. Jornet, and C. Han, “Terahertz band: next frontier for wireless communications,” Phys. Commun. 12, 16–32 (2014).
[Crossref]

Proc. IEEE (1)

H.-J. Song, “Packages for terahertz electronics,” Proc. IEEE 105, 1121–1138 (2017).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

S. Nellen, B. Globisch, R. B. Kohlhaas, L. Liebermeister, and M. Schell, “Recent progress of continuous-wave terahertz systems for spectroscopy, non-destructive testing, and telecommunication,” Proc. SPIE 10531, 105310C (2018).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

G. Carpintero, S. Hisatake, D. de Felipe, R. Guzman, T. Nagatsuma, and N. Keil, “Wireless data transmission at terahertz carrier waves generated from a hybrid InP-polymer dual tunable DBR laser photonic integrated circuit,” Sci. Rep. 8, 3018 (2018).
[Crossref]

Other (10)

T. Harter, C. Füllner, J. N. Kemal, S. Ummethala, M. Brosi, E. Bründermann, W. Freude, S. Randel, and C. Koos, “110-m THz wireless transmission at 100  Gbit/s using a Kramers-Kronig Schottky barrier diode receiver,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2018), paper Th3F.7.

“Cisco Visual Networking Index: Forecast and Trends, 2017–2022,” CISCO White Paper (2017) https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/solutions/collateral/service-provider/visual-networking-index-vni/white-paper-c11-741490.pdf .

Maxim Integrated, “PHY1097,” https://datasheets.maximintegrated.com/en/ds/PHY1097.pdf .

“Attenuation by atmospheric gases,” (2016).

T. Harter, M. Weber, S. Muehlbrandt, S. Wolf, J. Kemal, F. Boes, S. Nellen, T. Goebel, J. Giesekus, T. Zwick, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Wireless THz communications using optoelectronic techniques for signal generation and coherent reception,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper SM3J.2.

T. Harter, M. M. H. Adib, S. Wolf, S. Muehlbrandt, M. Weber, M. Blaicher, F. Boes, H. Massler, A. Tessmann, S. Nellen, T. Goebel, J. Giesekus, M. Walther, T. Zwick, W. Freude, S. Randel, and C. Koos, “Wireless multi-subcarrier THz communications using mixing in a photoconductor for coherent reception,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 147–148.

A. Tessmann, A. Leuther, V. Hurm, H. Massler, S. Wagner, M. Kuri, M. Zink, M. Riessle, H.-P. Stulz, M. Schlechtweg, and O. Ambacher, “A broadband 220–320  GHz medium power amplifier module,” in IEEE Compound Semiconductor Integrated Circuit Symposium (CSICS) (IEEE, 2014).

M. Giovanni and L. Frecassetti, “E-band and V-band - survey on status of worldwide regulation,” in ETSI White Paper (2015).

F. Boes, J. Antes, T. Messinger, D. Meier, R. Henneberger, A. Tessmann, and I. Kallfass, “Multi-gigabit E-band wireless data transmission,” in IEEE MTT-S International Microwwave Symposium (IMS) (2015).

Semtech, “Transimpedance amplifier GN1081,” https://www.semtech.com/products/signal-integrity/transimpedance-amplifiers/gn1081 .

Supplementary Material (1)

NameDescription
» Supplement 1       Supplementary Information

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. T-wave wireless infrastructure using optoelectronic signal processing techniques. (a) Vision of a future wireless network architecture. A dense mesh of small radio cells provides broadband wireless access to a vast number of users and devices. The high data rates required for the underlying wireless backhauling infrastructures are provided by high-speed wireless point-to-point links that are operated at THz frequencies and that can be efficiently interfaced with fiber-optic networks. (b) T-wave atmospheric attenuation [23] for standard conditions (temperature of 15°C, water vapor content of 7.5g/m3). Various windows with low attenuation can be used for T-wave communications. Our Rx allows operation over a wide range of frequencies between 0.03 and 0.34 THz, in which the atmospheric attenuation is small enough to permit transmission over technically relevant distances. (c) Optoelectronic T-wave signal generation. The data signal is modulated on an optical c.w. tone with frequency fS,a by an electro-optic modulator (EO mod). The modulated signal is superimposed with an unmodulated c.w. tone fS,b, and the optical signal is converted to a T-wave signal in a high-speed photodiode (O/T), where the carrier frequency of the T-wave is given by the frequency difference fS=|fS,afS,b|. The T-wave is radiated into free space by an antenna. (d) Optoelectronic coherent T-wave reception. The T-wave data signal is downconverted in a photoconductor where the optical power beat fLO=|fLO,afLO,b| of two unmodulated c.w. tones acts as photonic local oscillator (T/E).
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Concept and implementation of the optoelectronic coherent T-wave Rx. (a) Schematic of the Rx. The T-wave signal centered around a carrier frequency fS is received by a bow-tie antenna with a photoconductor between the antenna feed points. This leads to a T-wave voltage signal U(t) applied to the photoconductor. At the same time, the photoconductance G(t) is modulated at a frequency fLO by the power beat of two unmodulated laser tones, fLO=|fLO,afLO,b|. The two effects combined lead to a downconverted current IIF(t) oscillating at the difference frequency |fSfLO|. The current is amplified by a TIA having a transimpedance RTIA. The capacitor C=1nF blocks direct currents at the input circuit of the TIA. (b) Schematic of Rx module. The photoconductor (PC) and the antenna are electrically connected to the input of the TIA by metal wire bonds. The differential outputs of the TIA (U+ and U) are connected to a PCB, realized as a gold-plated alumina ceramic substrate that includes RF connectors to feed the signals to a high-speed oscilloscope for further analysis. The photoconductor is illuminated with the optical power PLO(t) by a fiber and a 3D-printed photonic wire bond. (c) The Rx assembly of photoconductor, antenna, TIA, and PCB is glued onto a silicon lens. This lens captures the T-wave signal incoming from the bottom and focuses it to the antenna on the surface of the photoconductor chip.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Experimental demonstration of T-wave wireless transmission. (a) Experimental setup. At the Tx, an optical QPSK signal at a carrier frequency fS,a is generated by an I/Q modulator driven by an AWG. The optical signal is then superimposed with an unmodulated optical c.w. tone at frequency fS,b and converted to a T-wave data signal by a high-speed UTC-PD. The T-wave is radiated into free space by a horn antenna and a subsequent PTFE lens. The frequency of the T-wave carrier depends on the frequency difference of the lasers fS=|fS,afS,b|=0.310THz. At the Rx, two c.w. laser tones with frequencies fLO,a and fLO,b are superimposed to generate an optical power beat, which acts as a LO (photonic LO) for coherent downconversion of the T-wave by an antenna-coupled photoconductor. The wireless transmission link spans a distance of 58 m. To compensate for the transmission loss, we use a two-stage T-wave amplifier in front of the Rx. The received data signal is recorded by a real-time oscilloscope (Osc.) and offline digital signal processing is used to analyze the data. Inset 1: Optical spectrum (180 MHz resolution bandwidth, RBW) at the Tx for a 3 GBd QPSK data stream and a T-wave carrier frequency of fS=0.310THz. The spectrum was recorded after a monitoring tap (Tap) introduces an attenuation of 12 dB. The overall optical power entering the UTC-PD amounts to 12.8 dBm (19 mW). Inset 2: Optical spectrum (180 MHz RBW) of the photonic LO at the Rx for fLO=0.306THz. The spectrum was recorded after an optical tap introduces an attenuation of 18 dB. The overall optical power coupled to the photoconductor amounts to 19 dBm (80 mW). (b) Measured BER for QPSK data streams with various line rates Rb transmitted at a T-wave carrier frequency of around 0.310 THz. For line rates up to 10 Gbit/s, a BER below the threshold for FEC with 7% overhead is achieved. For the data points shown at the bottom (log10(BER)<4), no errors were measured in our recording length of 105 symbols. Constellation diagrams for selected data rates of 1.5, 5, and 10 Gbit/s are shown on the right. Note that for an optical input power of 19 mW into the UTC-PD at the Tx, the T-wave power received by the Rx horn antenna after the free-space link was already sufficient to partially saturate the T-wave amplifier cascade. This leads to an asymmetric distribution of the noise around the various constellation points at 1.5 Gbit/s, where the limited TIA bandwidth does not play a role.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. BER and constellation diagrams for various carrier frequencies at a line rate of Rb=2Gbit/s. For the Tx we used two different types of photodiodes depending on the T-wave frequency. For T-wave frequencies 0.03THzfS0.18THz we use a lens-coupled pin-PD. For simplicity, the transmission experiments in this frequency range were performed over a reduced transmission distance of only 7 cm, which could be bridged without any amplifiers. For T-wave frequencies 0.24THzfS0.34THz, a waveguide-coupled UTC-PD is used in combination with a cascade of two T-wave amplifiers, as described in Fig. 3. In both cases, the same Rx module as in Fig. 2 was used, demonstrating its exceptional wideband tunability.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Multi-channel T-wave transmission. (a) Optical spectrum (180 MHz RBW) at the Tx for a signal containing 20 channels. Each channel is modulated with pulses having a raised-cosine spectrum with a roll-off factor of 0.1 and carries a 0.75 GBd QPSK signal. The channels are spaced by 2 GHz. In the UTC-PD, the channels are simultaneously downconverted to a T-wave frequency band centered at 0.306 THz. The spectrum was recorded at the optical monitoring tap after the power combiner at the Tx [Fig. 3(a)], introducing an attenuation of 12 dB. The overall optical power contained in the spectrum amounts to 12.7 dBm (18.5 mW). (b) Optical LO spectra (180 MHz RBW) at the Rx for detection of Ch 20. For heterodyne detection, the T-wave LO frequency fLO=0.326THz is chosen close to the spectral edge of the channel. The spectrum was recorded at the optical monitoring tap after the power combiner at the Rx, which introduces an attenuation of 16 dB. The overall optical power contained in the spectrum amounts to 19 dBm (80 mW). (c) Measured BER for various numbers of channels. For 12 (20) channels, the BER is below the 7% (20%) threshold for FEC. This corresponds to an aggregate line rate of 18 Gbit/s (30 Gbit/s). (d) Constellation diagrams for all 20 channels leading to an aggregate line rate of 30 Gbit/s.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

U(t)=U^S(t)cos(ωSt+φS(t)).
PLO(t)=PLO,0+P^LO,1cos(ωLOt+φP,LO).
G(t)=GPLO(t)=G0+G^LOcos(ωLOt+φLO),
IIF(t)=12G^LOU^S(t)cos(ωIFt+φS(t)φLO).