Abstract

In recent decades, researchers have demonstrated incandescent sources that exhibit monochromatic, directional, and even fast modulated infrared emission. Most of the researchers achieve this type of emission by heating the whole device. Here, we propose heating only nanovolumes that can be cooled in a few tens of nanoseconds. This approach could enable high-speed modulation. To compensate for the weak thermal emission of such isolated nanoemitters, we propose inserting the hot nanovolume in the gap of a cold nanoantenna. We calculate the resulting emission enhancement by using a generalized version of Kirchhoff’s law, and demonstrate that careful design of the complete antenna–nanoemitter system can result in emission enhancements of more than four orders of magnitude.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Creating high density nanoantenna arrays via plasmon enhanced particle–cavity (PEP–C) architectures

Benjamin M. Ross and Luke P. Lee
Opt. Express 17(8) 6860-6866 (2009)

Use of a gold reflecting-layer in optical antenna substrates for increase of photoluminescence enhancement

Roberto Fernandez-Garcia, Mohsen Rahmani, Minghui Hong, Stefan A. Maier, and Yannick Sonnefraud
Opt. Express 21(10) 12552-12561 (2013)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  2. E. Rephaeli and S. Fan, “Absorber and emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems to achieve efficiency exceeding the Shockley–Queisser limit,” Opt. Express 17, 15145–15159 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  3. A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. Nam, W. R. Chan, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, and E. N. Wang, “A nanophotonic solar thermophotovoltaic device,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9, 126–130 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  4. D. Costantini, A. Lefebvre, A.-L. Coutrot, I. Moldovan-Doyen, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Boutami, F. Marquier, H. Benisty, and J.-J. Greffet, “Plasmonic metasurface for directional and frequency-selective thermal emission,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 4, 014023 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  5. Z. Chen, L. Zhu, A. Raman, and S. Fan, “Radiative cooling to deep sub-freezing temperatures through a 24-h day–night cycle,” Nat. Commun. 7, 13729 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  6. T. Liu and J. Takahara, “Ultrabroadband absorber based on single-sized embedded metal-dielectric-metal structures and application of radiative cooling,” Opt. Express 25, A612–A627 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  7. P. J. Hesketh, J. N. Zemel, and B. Gebhart, “Organ pipe radiant modes of periodic micromachined silicon surfaces,” Nature 324, 549–551 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  8. I. Puscasu and W. L. Schaich, “Narrow-band, tunable infrared emission from arrays of microstrip patches,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 233102 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  9. X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 045901 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  10. M. Makhsiyan, P. Bouchon, J. Jaeck, J.-L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, “Shaping the spatial and spectral emissivity at the diffraction limit,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 251103 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  11. O. Ilic, P. Bermel, G. Chen, J. D. Joannopoulos, I. Celanovic, and M. Soljačić, “Tailoring high-temperature radiation and the resurrection of the incandescent source,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11, 320–324 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  12. J.-J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J.-P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, “Coherent emission of light by thermal sources,” Nature 416, 61–64 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  13. N. Dahan, A. Niv, G. Biener, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Enhanced coherency of thermal emission: beyond the limitation imposed by delocalized surface waves,” Phys. Rev. B 76, 045427 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  14. S. Campione, F. Marquier, J.-P. Hugonin, A. R. Ellis, J. F. Klem, M. B. Sinclair, and T. S. Luk, “Directional and monochromatic thermal emitter from epsilon-near-zero conditions in semiconductor hyperbolic metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 6, 34746 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  15. J.-J. Greffet, “Controlled incandescence,” Nature 478, 191–192 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  16. S. Vassant, A. Archambault, F. Marquier, F. Pardo, U. Gennser, A. Cavanna, J. L. Pelouard, and J. J. Greffet, “Epsilon-near-zero mode for active optoelectronic devices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 237401 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  17. S. Vassant, I. M. Doyen, F. Marquier, F. Pardo, U. Gennser, A. Cavanna, J. L. Pelouard, and J. J. Greffet, “Electrical modulation of emissivity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 081125 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  18. T. Inoue, M. D. Zoysa, T. Asano, and S. Noda, “Realization of dynamic thermal emission control,” Nat. Mater. 13, 928–931 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  19. J. Hildenbrand, J. Korvink, J. Wollenstein, C. Peter, A. Kurzinger, F. Naumann, M. Ebert, and F. Lamprecht, “Micromachined mid-infrared emitter for fast transient temperature operation for optical gas sensing systems,” IEEE Sens. J. 10, 353–362 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  20. S. M. Rytov, Y. A. Kravtsov, and V. I. Tatarskii, Principles of Statistical Radiophysics 2: Correlation Theory of Random Processes (Springer-Verlag, 1988).
  21. J.-J. Greffet, P. Bouchon, G. Brucoli, E. Sakat, and F. Marquier, “Generalized Kirchhoff law,” arXiv: 1601.00312 (2016).
  22. V. Grigoriev, N. Bonod, J. Wenger, and B. Stout, “Optimizing nanoparticle designs for ideal absorption of light,” ACS Photon. 2, 263–270 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  23. Z. Yu, N. P. Sergeant, T. Skauli, G. Zhang, H. Wang, and S. Fan, “Enhancing far-field thermal emission with thermal extraction,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1730 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  24. F. González and G. Boreman, “Comparison of dipole, bowtie, spiral and log-periodic IR antennas,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 46, 418–428 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  25. A. Alu and N. Engheta, “Tuning the scattering response of optical nanoantennas with nanocircuit loads,” Nat. Photonics 2, 307–310 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  26. J.-J. Greffet, M. Laroche, and F. Marquier, “Impedance of a nanoantenna and a single quantum emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 117701 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  27. J. P. Hugonin and P. Lalanne, “Perfectly matched layers as nonlinear coordinate transforms: a generalized formalization,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22, 1844–1849 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  28. E. D. Palik and G. Ghosh, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1998).
  29. Q. Bai, M. Perrin, C. Sauvan, J.-P. Hugonin, and P. Lalanne, “Efficient and intuitive method for the analysis of light scattering by a resonant nanostructure,” Opt. Express 21, 27371–27382 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  30. A. Alù, M. G. Silveirinha, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Epsilon-near-zero metamaterials and electromagnetic sources: tailoring the radiation phase pattern,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 155410 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  31. S. Campione, I. Brener, and F. Marquier, “Theory of epsilon-near-zero modes in ultrathin films,” Phys. Rev. B 91, 121408 (2015).
    [Crossref]

2017 (1)

2016 (4)

Z. Chen, L. Zhu, A. Raman, and S. Fan, “Radiative cooling to deep sub-freezing temperatures through a 24-h day–night cycle,” Nat. Commun. 7, 13729 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

O. Ilic, P. Bermel, G. Chen, J. D. Joannopoulos, I. Celanovic, and M. Soljačić, “Tailoring high-temperature radiation and the resurrection of the incandescent source,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11, 320–324 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Campione, F. Marquier, J.-P. Hugonin, A. R. Ellis, J. F. Klem, M. B. Sinclair, and T. S. Luk, “Directional and monochromatic thermal emitter from epsilon-near-zero conditions in semiconductor hyperbolic metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 6, 34746 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

M. Makhsiyan, P. Bouchon, J. Jaeck, J.-L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, “Shaping the spatial and spectral emissivity at the diffraction limit,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 251103 (2015).
[Crossref]

V. Grigoriev, N. Bonod, J. Wenger, and B. Stout, “Optimizing nanoparticle designs for ideal absorption of light,” ACS Photon. 2, 263–270 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Campione, I. Brener, and F. Marquier, “Theory of epsilon-near-zero modes in ultrathin films,” Phys. Rev. B 91, 121408 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Costantini, A. Lefebvre, A.-L. Coutrot, I. Moldovan-Doyen, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Boutami, F. Marquier, H. Benisty, and J.-J. Greffet, “Plasmonic metasurface for directional and frequency-selective thermal emission,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 4, 014023 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. Nam, W. R. Chan, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, and E. N. Wang, “A nanophotonic solar thermophotovoltaic device,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9, 126–130 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Inoue, M. D. Zoysa, T. Asano, and S. Noda, “Realization of dynamic thermal emission control,” Nat. Mater. 13, 928–931 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

Z. Yu, N. P. Sergeant, T. Skauli, G. Zhang, H. Wang, and S. Fan, “Enhancing far-field thermal emission with thermal extraction,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1730 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Vassant, I. M. Doyen, F. Marquier, F. Pardo, U. Gennser, A. Cavanna, J. L. Pelouard, and J. J. Greffet, “Electrical modulation of emissivity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 081125 (2013).
[Crossref]

Q. Bai, M. Perrin, C. Sauvan, J.-P. Hugonin, and P. Lalanne, “Efficient and intuitive method for the analysis of light scattering by a resonant nanostructure,” Opt. Express 21, 27371–27382 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

S. Vassant, A. Archambault, F. Marquier, F. Pardo, U. Gennser, A. Cavanna, J. L. Pelouard, and J. J. Greffet, “Epsilon-near-zero mode for active optoelectronic devices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 237401 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 045901 (2011).
[Crossref]

J.-J. Greffet, “Controlled incandescence,” Nature 478, 191–192 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

J. Hildenbrand, J. Korvink, J. Wollenstein, C. Peter, A. Kurzinger, F. Naumann, M. Ebert, and F. Lamprecht, “Micromachined mid-infrared emitter for fast transient temperature operation for optical gas sensing systems,” IEEE Sens. J. 10, 353–362 (2010).
[Crossref]

J.-J. Greffet, M. Laroche, and F. Marquier, “Impedance of a nanoantenna and a single quantum emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 117701 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

A. Alu and N. Engheta, “Tuning the scattering response of optical nanoantennas with nanocircuit loads,” Nat. Photonics 2, 307–310 (2008).
[Crossref]

I. Puscasu and W. L. Schaich, “Narrow-band, tunable infrared emission from arrays of microstrip patches,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 233102 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

N. Dahan, A. Niv, G. Biener, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Enhanced coherency of thermal emission: beyond the limitation imposed by delocalized surface waves,” Phys. Rev. B 76, 045427 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Alù, M. G. Silveirinha, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Epsilon-near-zero metamaterials and electromagnetic sources: tailoring the radiation phase pattern,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 155410 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

J. P. Hugonin and P. Lalanne, “Perfectly matched layers as nonlinear coordinate transforms: a generalized formalization,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22, 1844–1849 (2005).
[Crossref]

F. González and G. Boreman, “Comparison of dipole, bowtie, spiral and log-periodic IR antennas,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 46, 418–428 (2005).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

J.-J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J.-P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, “Coherent emission of light by thermal sources,” Nature 416, 61–64 (2002).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

P. J. Hesketh, J. N. Zemel, and B. Gebhart, “Organ pipe radiant modes of periodic micromachined silicon surfaces,” Nature 324, 549–551 (1986).
[Crossref]

Alivisatos, A. P.

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Alu, A.

A. Alu and N. Engheta, “Tuning the scattering response of optical nanoantennas with nanocircuit loads,” Nat. Photonics 2, 307–310 (2008).
[Crossref]

Alù, A.

A. Alù, M. G. Silveirinha, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Epsilon-near-zero metamaterials and electromagnetic sources: tailoring the radiation phase pattern,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 155410 (2007).
[Crossref]

Archambault, A.

S. Vassant, A. Archambault, F. Marquier, F. Pardo, U. Gennser, A. Cavanna, J. L. Pelouard, and J. J. Greffet, “Epsilon-near-zero mode for active optoelectronic devices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 237401 (2012).
[Crossref]

Asano, T.

T. Inoue, M. D. Zoysa, T. Asano, and S. Noda, “Realization of dynamic thermal emission control,” Nat. Mater. 13, 928–931 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bai, Q.

Beard, M. C.

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Benisty, H.

D. Costantini, A. Lefebvre, A.-L. Coutrot, I. Moldovan-Doyen, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Boutami, F. Marquier, H. Benisty, and J.-J. Greffet, “Plasmonic metasurface for directional and frequency-selective thermal emission,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 4, 014023 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bermel, P.

O. Ilic, P. Bermel, G. Chen, J. D. Joannopoulos, I. Celanovic, and M. Soljačić, “Tailoring high-temperature radiation and the resurrection of the incandescent source,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11, 320–324 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Biener, G.

N. Dahan, A. Niv, G. Biener, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Enhanced coherency of thermal emission: beyond the limitation imposed by delocalized surface waves,” Phys. Rev. B 76, 045427 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bierman, D. M.

A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. Nam, W. R. Chan, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, and E. N. Wang, “A nanophotonic solar thermophotovoltaic device,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9, 126–130 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bonod, N.

V. Grigoriev, N. Bonod, J. Wenger, and B. Stout, “Optimizing nanoparticle designs for ideal absorption of light,” ACS Photon. 2, 263–270 (2015).
[Crossref]

Boreman, G.

F. González and G. Boreman, “Comparison of dipole, bowtie, spiral and log-periodic IR antennas,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 46, 418–428 (2005).
[Crossref]

Boriskina, S. V.

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bouchon, P.

M. Makhsiyan, P. Bouchon, J. Jaeck, J.-L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, “Shaping the spatial and spectral emissivity at the diffraction limit,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 251103 (2015).
[Crossref]

J.-J. Greffet, P. Bouchon, G. Brucoli, E. Sakat, and F. Marquier, “Generalized Kirchhoff law,” arXiv: 1601.00312 (2016).

Boutami, S.

D. Costantini, A. Lefebvre, A.-L. Coutrot, I. Moldovan-Doyen, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Boutami, F. Marquier, H. Benisty, and J.-J. Greffet, “Plasmonic metasurface for directional and frequency-selective thermal emission,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 4, 014023 (2015).
[Crossref]

Brener, I.

S. Campione, I. Brener, and F. Marquier, “Theory of epsilon-near-zero modes in ultrathin films,” Phys. Rev. B 91, 121408 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bronstein, N. D.

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Brucoli, G.

J.-J. Greffet, P. Bouchon, G. Brucoli, E. Sakat, and F. Marquier, “Generalized Kirchhoff law,” arXiv: 1601.00312 (2016).

Campione, S.

S. Campione, F. Marquier, J.-P. Hugonin, A. R. Ellis, J. F. Klem, M. B. Sinclair, and T. S. Luk, “Directional and monochromatic thermal emitter from epsilon-near-zero conditions in semiconductor hyperbolic metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 6, 34746 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Campione, I. Brener, and F. Marquier, “Theory of epsilon-near-zero modes in ultrathin films,” Phys. Rev. B 91, 121408 (2015).
[Crossref]

Carminati, R.

J.-J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J.-P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, “Coherent emission of light by thermal sources,” Nature 416, 61–64 (2002).
[Crossref]

Catchpole, K.

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cavanna, A.

S. Vassant, I. M. Doyen, F. Marquier, F. Pardo, U. Gennser, A. Cavanna, J. L. Pelouard, and J. J. Greffet, “Electrical modulation of emissivity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 081125 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Vassant, A. Archambault, F. Marquier, F. Pardo, U. Gennser, A. Cavanna, J. L. Pelouard, and J. J. Greffet, “Epsilon-near-zero mode for active optoelectronic devices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 237401 (2012).
[Crossref]

Celanovic, I.

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

O. Ilic, P. Bermel, G. Chen, J. D. Joannopoulos, I. Celanovic, and M. Soljačić, “Tailoring high-temperature radiation and the resurrection of the incandescent source,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11, 320–324 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. Nam, W. R. Chan, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, and E. N. Wang, “A nanophotonic solar thermophotovoltaic device,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9, 126–130 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chan, W. R.

A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. Nam, W. R. Chan, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, and E. N. Wang, “A nanophotonic solar thermophotovoltaic device,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9, 126–130 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, G.

O. Ilic, P. Bermel, G. Chen, J. D. Joannopoulos, I. Celanovic, and M. Soljačić, “Tailoring high-temperature radiation and the resurrection of the incandescent source,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11, 320–324 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

J.-J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J.-P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, “Coherent emission of light by thermal sources,” Nature 416, 61–64 (2002).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z.

Z. Chen, L. Zhu, A. Raman, and S. Fan, “Radiative cooling to deep sub-freezing temperatures through a 24-h day–night cycle,” Nat. Commun. 7, 13729 (2016).
[Crossref]

Costantini, D.

D. Costantini, A. Lefebvre, A.-L. Coutrot, I. Moldovan-Doyen, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Boutami, F. Marquier, H. Benisty, and J.-J. Greffet, “Plasmonic metasurface for directional and frequency-selective thermal emission,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 4, 014023 (2015).
[Crossref]

Coutrot, A.-L.

D. Costantini, A. Lefebvre, A.-L. Coutrot, I. Moldovan-Doyen, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Boutami, F. Marquier, H. Benisty, and J.-J. Greffet, “Plasmonic metasurface for directional and frequency-selective thermal emission,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 4, 014023 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dagenais, M.

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dahan, N.

N. Dahan, A. Niv, G. Biener, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Enhanced coherency of thermal emission: beyond the limitation imposed by delocalized surface waves,” Phys. Rev. B 76, 045427 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dionne, J.

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Doyen, I. M.

S. Vassant, I. M. Doyen, F. Marquier, F. Pardo, U. Gennser, A. Cavanna, J. L. Pelouard, and J. J. Greffet, “Electrical modulation of emissivity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 081125 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ebert, M.

J. Hildenbrand, J. Korvink, J. Wollenstein, C. Peter, A. Kurzinger, F. Naumann, M. Ebert, and F. Lamprecht, “Micromachined mid-infrared emitter for fast transient temperature operation for optical gas sensing systems,” IEEE Sens. J. 10, 353–362 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ellis, A. R.

S. Campione, F. Marquier, J.-P. Hugonin, A. R. Ellis, J. F. Klem, M. B. Sinclair, and T. S. Luk, “Directional and monochromatic thermal emitter from epsilon-near-zero conditions in semiconductor hyperbolic metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 6, 34746 (2016).
[Crossref]

Engheta, N.

A. Alu and N. Engheta, “Tuning the scattering response of optical nanoantennas with nanocircuit loads,” Nat. Photonics 2, 307–310 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Alù, M. G. Silveirinha, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Epsilon-near-zero metamaterials and electromagnetic sources: tailoring the radiation phase pattern,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 155410 (2007).
[Crossref]

Fan, S.

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Chen, L. Zhu, A. Raman, and S. Fan, “Radiative cooling to deep sub-freezing temperatures through a 24-h day–night cycle,” Nat. Commun. 7, 13729 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Yu, N. P. Sergeant, T. Skauli, G. Zhang, H. Wang, and S. Fan, “Enhancing far-field thermal emission with thermal extraction,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1730 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. Rephaeli and S. Fan, “Absorber and emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems to achieve efficiency exceeding the Shockley–Queisser limit,” Opt. Express 17, 15145–15159 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gebhart, B.

P. J. Hesketh, J. N. Zemel, and B. Gebhart, “Organ pipe radiant modes of periodic micromachined silicon surfaces,” Nature 324, 549–551 (1986).
[Crossref]

Gennser, U.

S. Vassant, I. M. Doyen, F. Marquier, F. Pardo, U. Gennser, A. Cavanna, J. L. Pelouard, and J. J. Greffet, “Electrical modulation of emissivity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 081125 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Vassant, A. Archambault, F. Marquier, F. Pardo, U. Gennser, A. Cavanna, J. L. Pelouard, and J. J. Greffet, “Epsilon-near-zero mode for active optoelectronic devices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 237401 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gershon, T.

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ghosh, G.

E. D. Palik and G. Ghosh, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1998).

González, F.

F. González and G. Boreman, “Comparison of dipole, bowtie, spiral and log-periodic IR antennas,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 46, 418–428 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gordon, J. M.

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gorodetski, Y.

N. Dahan, A. Niv, G. Biener, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Enhanced coherency of thermal emission: beyond the limitation imposed by delocalized surface waves,” Phys. Rev. B 76, 045427 (2007).
[Crossref]

Green, M. A.

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Greffet, J. J.

S. Vassant, I. M. Doyen, F. Marquier, F. Pardo, U. Gennser, A. Cavanna, J. L. Pelouard, and J. J. Greffet, “Electrical modulation of emissivity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 081125 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Vassant, A. Archambault, F. Marquier, F. Pardo, U. Gennser, A. Cavanna, J. L. Pelouard, and J. J. Greffet, “Epsilon-near-zero mode for active optoelectronic devices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 237401 (2012).
[Crossref]

Greffet, J.-J.

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Costantini, A. Lefebvre, A.-L. Coutrot, I. Moldovan-Doyen, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Boutami, F. Marquier, H. Benisty, and J.-J. Greffet, “Plasmonic metasurface for directional and frequency-selective thermal emission,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 4, 014023 (2015).
[Crossref]

J.-J. Greffet, “Controlled incandescence,” Nature 478, 191–192 (2011).
[Crossref]

J.-J. Greffet, M. Laroche, and F. Marquier, “Impedance of a nanoantenna and a single quantum emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 117701 (2010).
[Crossref]

J.-J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J.-P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, “Coherent emission of light by thermal sources,” Nature 416, 61–64 (2002).
[Crossref]

J.-J. Greffet, P. Bouchon, G. Brucoli, E. Sakat, and F. Marquier, “Generalized Kirchhoff law,” arXiv: 1601.00312 (2016).

Grigoriev, V.

V. Grigoriev, N. Bonod, J. Wenger, and B. Stout, “Optimizing nanoparticle designs for ideal absorption of light,” ACS Photon. 2, 263–270 (2015).
[Crossref]

Haïdar, R.

M. Makhsiyan, P. Bouchon, J. Jaeck, J.-L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, “Shaping the spatial and spectral emissivity at the diffraction limit,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 251103 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hasman, E.

N. Dahan, A. Niv, G. Biener, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Enhanced coherency of thermal emission: beyond the limitation imposed by delocalized surface waves,” Phys. Rev. B 76, 045427 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hesketh, P. J.

P. J. Hesketh, J. N. Zemel, and B. Gebhart, “Organ pipe radiant modes of periodic micromachined silicon surfaces,” Nature 324, 549–551 (1986).
[Crossref]

Hildenbrand, J.

J. Hildenbrand, J. Korvink, J. Wollenstein, C. Peter, A. Kurzinger, F. Naumann, M. Ebert, and F. Lamprecht, “Micromachined mid-infrared emitter for fast transient temperature operation for optical gas sensing systems,” IEEE Sens. J. 10, 353–362 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hugonin, J. P.

Hugonin, J.-P.

S. Campione, F. Marquier, J.-P. Hugonin, A. R. Ellis, J. F. Klem, M. B. Sinclair, and T. S. Luk, “Directional and monochromatic thermal emitter from epsilon-near-zero conditions in semiconductor hyperbolic metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 6, 34746 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Costantini, A. Lefebvre, A.-L. Coutrot, I. Moldovan-Doyen, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Boutami, F. Marquier, H. Benisty, and J.-J. Greffet, “Plasmonic metasurface for directional and frequency-selective thermal emission,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 4, 014023 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Bai, M. Perrin, C. Sauvan, J.-P. Hugonin, and P. Lalanne, “Efficient and intuitive method for the analysis of light scattering by a resonant nanostructure,” Opt. Express 21, 27371–27382 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ilic, O.

O. Ilic, P. Bermel, G. Chen, J. D. Joannopoulos, I. Celanovic, and M. Soljačić, “Tailoring high-temperature radiation and the resurrection of the incandescent source,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11, 320–324 (2016).
[Crossref]

Inoue, T.

T. Inoue, M. D. Zoysa, T. Asano, and S. Noda, “Realization of dynamic thermal emission control,” Nat. Mater. 13, 928–931 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jaeck, J.

M. Makhsiyan, P. Bouchon, J. Jaeck, J.-L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, “Shaping the spatial and spectral emissivity at the diffraction limit,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 251103 (2015).
[Crossref]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

O. Ilic, P. Bermel, G. Chen, J. D. Joannopoulos, I. Celanovic, and M. Soljačić, “Tailoring high-temperature radiation and the resurrection of the incandescent source,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11, 320–324 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jokerst, N. M.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 045901 (2011).
[Crossref]

Joulain, K.

J.-J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J.-P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, “Coherent emission of light by thermal sources,” Nature 416, 61–64 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kempa, K.

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kleiner, V.

N. Dahan, A. Niv, G. Biener, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Enhanced coherency of thermal emission: beyond the limitation imposed by delocalized surface waves,” Phys. Rev. B 76, 045427 (2007).
[Crossref]

Klem, J. F.

S. Campione, F. Marquier, J.-P. Hugonin, A. R. Ellis, J. F. Klem, M. B. Sinclair, and T. S. Luk, “Directional and monochromatic thermal emitter from epsilon-near-zero conditions in semiconductor hyperbolic metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 6, 34746 (2016).
[Crossref]

Korvink, J.

J. Hildenbrand, J. Korvink, J. Wollenstein, C. Peter, A. Kurzinger, F. Naumann, M. Ebert, and F. Lamprecht, “Micromachined mid-infrared emitter for fast transient temperature operation for optical gas sensing systems,” IEEE Sens. J. 10, 353–362 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kravtsov, Y. A.

S. M. Rytov, Y. A. Kravtsov, and V. I. Tatarskii, Principles of Statistical Radiophysics 2: Correlation Theory of Random Processes (Springer-Verlag, 1988).

Kurzinger, A.

J. Hildenbrand, J. Korvink, J. Wollenstein, C. Peter, A. Kurzinger, F. Naumann, M. Ebert, and F. Lamprecht, “Micromachined mid-infrared emitter for fast transient temperature operation for optical gas sensing systems,” IEEE Sens. J. 10, 353–362 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lalanne, P.

Lamprecht, F.

J. Hildenbrand, J. Korvink, J. Wollenstein, C. Peter, A. Kurzinger, F. Naumann, M. Ebert, and F. Lamprecht, “Micromachined mid-infrared emitter for fast transient temperature operation for optical gas sensing systems,” IEEE Sens. J. 10, 353–362 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lany, S.

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Laroche, M.

J.-J. Greffet, M. Laroche, and F. Marquier, “Impedance of a nanoantenna and a single quantum emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 117701 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lefebvre, A.

D. Costantini, A. Lefebvre, A.-L. Coutrot, I. Moldovan-Doyen, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Boutami, F. Marquier, H. Benisty, and J.-J. Greffet, “Plasmonic metasurface for directional and frequency-selective thermal emission,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 4, 014023 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lenert, A.

A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. Nam, W. R. Chan, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, and E. N. Wang, “A nanophotonic solar thermophotovoltaic device,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9, 126–130 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, T.

Liu, X.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 045901 (2011).
[Crossref]

Luk, T. S.

S. Campione, F. Marquier, J.-P. Hugonin, A. R. Ellis, J. F. Klem, M. B. Sinclair, and T. S. Luk, “Directional and monochromatic thermal emitter from epsilon-near-zero conditions in semiconductor hyperbolic metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 6, 34746 (2016).
[Crossref]

Mainguy, S.

J.-J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J.-P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, “Coherent emission of light by thermal sources,” Nature 416, 61–64 (2002).
[Crossref]

Makhsiyan, M.

M. Makhsiyan, P. Bouchon, J. Jaeck, J.-L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, “Shaping the spatial and spectral emissivity at the diffraction limit,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 251103 (2015).
[Crossref]

Manor, A.

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Marquier, F.

S. Campione, F. Marquier, J.-P. Hugonin, A. R. Ellis, J. F. Klem, M. B. Sinclair, and T. S. Luk, “Directional and monochromatic thermal emitter from epsilon-near-zero conditions in semiconductor hyperbolic metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 6, 34746 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Campione, I. Brener, and F. Marquier, “Theory of epsilon-near-zero modes in ultrathin films,” Phys. Rev. B 91, 121408 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Costantini, A. Lefebvre, A.-L. Coutrot, I. Moldovan-Doyen, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Boutami, F. Marquier, H. Benisty, and J.-J. Greffet, “Plasmonic metasurface for directional and frequency-selective thermal emission,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 4, 014023 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Vassant, I. M. Doyen, F. Marquier, F. Pardo, U. Gennser, A. Cavanna, J. L. Pelouard, and J. J. Greffet, “Electrical modulation of emissivity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 081125 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Vassant, A. Archambault, F. Marquier, F. Pardo, U. Gennser, A. Cavanna, J. L. Pelouard, and J. J. Greffet, “Epsilon-near-zero mode for active optoelectronic devices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 237401 (2012).
[Crossref]

J.-J. Greffet, M. Laroche, and F. Marquier, “Impedance of a nanoantenna and a single quantum emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 117701 (2010).
[Crossref]

J.-J. Greffet, P. Bouchon, G. Brucoli, E. Sakat, and F. Marquier, “Generalized Kirchhoff law,” arXiv: 1601.00312 (2016).

Moldovan-Doyen, I.

D. Costantini, A. Lefebvre, A.-L. Coutrot, I. Moldovan-Doyen, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Boutami, F. Marquier, H. Benisty, and J.-J. Greffet, “Plasmonic metasurface for directional and frequency-selective thermal emission,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 4, 014023 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mulet, J.-P.

J.-J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J.-P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, “Coherent emission of light by thermal sources,” Nature 416, 61–64 (2002).
[Crossref]

Nam, Y.

A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. Nam, W. R. Chan, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, and E. N. Wang, “A nanophotonic solar thermophotovoltaic device,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9, 126–130 (2014).
[Crossref]

Naughton, M. J.

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Naumann, F.

J. Hildenbrand, J. Korvink, J. Wollenstein, C. Peter, A. Kurzinger, F. Naumann, M. Ebert, and F. Lamprecht, “Micromachined mid-infrared emitter for fast transient temperature operation for optical gas sensing systems,” IEEE Sens. J. 10, 353–362 (2010).
[Crossref]

Niv, A.

N. Dahan, A. Niv, G. Biener, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Enhanced coherency of thermal emission: beyond the limitation imposed by delocalized surface waves,” Phys. Rev. B 76, 045427 (2007).
[Crossref]

Noda, S.

T. Inoue, M. D. Zoysa, T. Asano, and S. Noda, “Realization of dynamic thermal emission control,” Nat. Mater. 13, 928–931 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nuzzo, R. G.

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Okada, Y.

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Padilla, W. J.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 045901 (2011).
[Crossref]

Palik, E. D.

E. D. Palik and G. Ghosh, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1998).

Pardo, F.

S. Vassant, I. M. Doyen, F. Marquier, F. Pardo, U. Gennser, A. Cavanna, J. L. Pelouard, and J. J. Greffet, “Electrical modulation of emissivity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 081125 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Vassant, A. Archambault, F. Marquier, F. Pardo, U. Gennser, A. Cavanna, J. L. Pelouard, and J. J. Greffet, “Epsilon-near-zero mode for active optoelectronic devices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 237401 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pelouard, J. L.

S. Vassant, I. M. Doyen, F. Marquier, F. Pardo, U. Gennser, A. Cavanna, J. L. Pelouard, and J. J. Greffet, “Electrical modulation of emissivity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 081125 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Vassant, A. Archambault, F. Marquier, F. Pardo, U. Gennser, A. Cavanna, J. L. Pelouard, and J. J. Greffet, “Epsilon-near-zero mode for active optoelectronic devices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 237401 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pelouard, J.-L.

M. Makhsiyan, P. Bouchon, J. Jaeck, J.-L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, “Shaping the spatial and spectral emissivity at the diffraction limit,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 251103 (2015).
[Crossref]

Perrin, M.

Peter, C.

J. Hildenbrand, J. Korvink, J. Wollenstein, C. Peter, A. Kurzinger, F. Naumann, M. Ebert, and F. Lamprecht, “Micromachined mid-infrared emitter for fast transient temperature operation for optical gas sensing systems,” IEEE Sens. J. 10, 353–362 (2010).
[Crossref]

Puscasu, I.

I. Puscasu and W. L. Schaich, “Narrow-band, tunable infrared emission from arrays of microstrip patches,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 233102 (2008).
[Crossref]

Raman, A.

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Chen, L. Zhu, A. Raman, and S. Fan, “Radiative cooling to deep sub-freezing temperatures through a 24-h day–night cycle,” Nat. Commun. 7, 13729 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rephaeli, E.

Rogers, J. A.

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rotschild, C.

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rytov, S. M.

S. M. Rytov, Y. A. Kravtsov, and V. I. Tatarskii, Principles of Statistical Radiophysics 2: Correlation Theory of Random Processes (Springer-Verlag, 1988).

Sakat, E.

J.-J. Greffet, P. Bouchon, G. Brucoli, E. Sakat, and F. Marquier, “Generalized Kirchhoff law,” arXiv: 1601.00312 (2016).

Salandrino, A.

A. Alù, M. G. Silveirinha, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Epsilon-near-zero metamaterials and electromagnetic sources: tailoring the radiation phase pattern,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 155410 (2007).
[Crossref]

Salleo, A.

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sauvan, C.

Schaich, W. L.

I. Puscasu and W. L. Schaich, “Narrow-band, tunable infrared emission from arrays of microstrip patches,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 233102 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sergeant, N. P.

Z. Yu, N. P. Sergeant, T. Skauli, G. Zhang, H. Wang, and S. Fan, “Enhancing far-field thermal emission with thermal extraction,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1730 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sheng, X.

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Silveirinha, M. G.

A. Alù, M. G. Silveirinha, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Epsilon-near-zero metamaterials and electromagnetic sources: tailoring the radiation phase pattern,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 155410 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sinclair, M. B.

S. Campione, F. Marquier, J.-P. Hugonin, A. R. Ellis, J. F. Klem, M. B. Sinclair, and T. S. Luk, “Directional and monochromatic thermal emitter from epsilon-near-zero conditions in semiconductor hyperbolic metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 6, 34746 (2016).
[Crossref]

Skauli, T.

Z. Yu, N. P. Sergeant, T. Skauli, G. Zhang, H. Wang, and S. Fan, “Enhancing far-field thermal emission with thermal extraction,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1730 (2013).
[Crossref]

Soljacic, M.

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

O. Ilic, P. Bermel, G. Chen, J. D. Joannopoulos, I. Celanovic, and M. Soljačić, “Tailoring high-temperature radiation and the resurrection of the incandescent source,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11, 320–324 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. Nam, W. R. Chan, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, and E. N. Wang, “A nanophotonic solar thermophotovoltaic device,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9, 126–130 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sorger, V. J.

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Starr, A. F.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 045901 (2011).
[Crossref]

Starr, T.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 045901 (2011).
[Crossref]

Stout, B.

V. Grigoriev, N. Bonod, J. Wenger, and B. Stout, “Optimizing nanoparticle designs for ideal absorption of light,” ACS Photon. 2, 263–270 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tahersima, M. H.

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Takahara, J.

Tatarskii, V. I.

S. M. Rytov, Y. A. Kravtsov, and V. I. Tatarskii, Principles of Statistical Radiophysics 2: Correlation Theory of Random Processes (Springer-Verlag, 1988).

Tyler, T.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 045901 (2011).
[Crossref]

Vassant, S.

S. Vassant, I. M. Doyen, F. Marquier, F. Pardo, U. Gennser, A. Cavanna, J. L. Pelouard, and J. J. Greffet, “Electrical modulation of emissivity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 081125 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Vassant, A. Archambault, F. Marquier, F. Pardo, U. Gennser, A. Cavanna, J. L. Pelouard, and J. J. Greffet, “Epsilon-near-zero mode for active optoelectronic devices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 237401 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, E. N.

A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. Nam, W. R. Chan, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, and E. N. Wang, “A nanophotonic solar thermophotovoltaic device,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9, 126–130 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

Z. Yu, N. P. Sergeant, T. Skauli, G. Zhang, H. Wang, and S. Fan, “Enhancing far-field thermal emission with thermal extraction,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1730 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wenger, J.

V. Grigoriev, N. Bonod, J. Wenger, and B. Stout, “Optimizing nanoparticle designs for ideal absorption of light,” ACS Photon. 2, 263–270 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wisser, M. D.

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wollenstein, J.

J. Hildenbrand, J. Korvink, J. Wollenstein, C. Peter, A. Kurzinger, F. Naumann, M. Ebert, and F. Lamprecht, “Micromachined mid-infrared emitter for fast transient temperature operation for optical gas sensing systems,” IEEE Sens. J. 10, 353–362 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wu, D. M.

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, L.

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yablonovitch, E.

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yao, Y.

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yu, Z.

Z. Yu, N. P. Sergeant, T. Skauli, G. Zhang, H. Wang, and S. Fan, “Enhancing far-field thermal emission with thermal extraction,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1730 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zakutayev, A.

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zemel, J. N.

P. J. Hesketh, J. N. Zemel, and B. Gebhart, “Organ pipe radiant modes of periodic micromachined silicon surfaces,” Nature 324, 549–551 (1986).
[Crossref]

Zhang, G.

Z. Yu, N. P. Sergeant, T. Skauli, G. Zhang, H. Wang, and S. Fan, “Enhancing far-field thermal emission with thermal extraction,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1730 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhu, L.

Z. Chen, L. Zhu, A. Raman, and S. Fan, “Radiative cooling to deep sub-freezing temperatures through a 24-h day–night cycle,” Nat. Commun. 7, 13729 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zoysa, M. D.

T. Inoue, M. D. Zoysa, T. Asano, and S. Noda, “Realization of dynamic thermal emission control,” Nat. Mater. 13, 928–931 (2014).
[Crossref]

ACS Photon. (1)

V. Grigoriev, N. Bonod, J. Wenger, and B. Stout, “Optimizing nanoparticle designs for ideal absorption of light,” ACS Photon. 2, 263–270 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

S. Vassant, I. M. Doyen, F. Marquier, F. Pardo, U. Gennser, A. Cavanna, J. L. Pelouard, and J. J. Greffet, “Electrical modulation of emissivity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 081125 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Makhsiyan, P. Bouchon, J. Jaeck, J.-L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, “Shaping the spatial and spectral emissivity at the diffraction limit,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 251103 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. Puscasu and W. L. Schaich, “Narrow-band, tunable infrared emission from arrays of microstrip patches,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 233102 (2008).
[Crossref]

IEEE Sens. J. (1)

J. Hildenbrand, J. Korvink, J. Wollenstein, C. Peter, A. Kurzinger, F. Naumann, M. Ebert, and F. Lamprecht, “Micromachined mid-infrared emitter for fast transient temperature operation for optical gas sensing systems,” IEEE Sens. J. 10, 353–362 (2010).
[Crossref]

Infrared Phys. Technol. (1)

F. González and G. Boreman, “Comparison of dipole, bowtie, spiral and log-periodic IR antennas,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 46, 418–428 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. (1)

S. V. Boriskina, M. A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M. H. Tahersima, V. J. Sorger, M. J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N. D. Bronstein, J. A. Rogers, A. P. Alivisatos, R. G. Nuzzo, J. M. Gordon, D. M. Wu, M. D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.-J. Greffet, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L. Zhu, S. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on optical energy conversion,” J. Opt. 18, 073004 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Nat. Commun. (2)

Z. Chen, L. Zhu, A. Raman, and S. Fan, “Radiative cooling to deep sub-freezing temperatures through a 24-h day–night cycle,” Nat. Commun. 7, 13729 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Yu, N. P. Sergeant, T. Skauli, G. Zhang, H. Wang, and S. Fan, “Enhancing far-field thermal emission with thermal extraction,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1730 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nat. Mater. (1)

T. Inoue, M. D. Zoysa, T. Asano, and S. Noda, “Realization of dynamic thermal emission control,” Nat. Mater. 13, 928–931 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (2)

O. Ilic, P. Bermel, G. Chen, J. D. Joannopoulos, I. Celanovic, and M. Soljačić, “Tailoring high-temperature radiation and the resurrection of the incandescent source,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11, 320–324 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. Nam, W. R. Chan, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, and E. N. Wang, “A nanophotonic solar thermophotovoltaic device,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9, 126–130 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

A. Alu and N. Engheta, “Tuning the scattering response of optical nanoantennas with nanocircuit loads,” Nat. Photonics 2, 307–310 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nature (3)

J.-J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J.-P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, “Coherent emission of light by thermal sources,” Nature 416, 61–64 (2002).
[Crossref]

J.-J. Greffet, “Controlled incandescence,” Nature 478, 191–192 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. J. Hesketh, J. N. Zemel, and B. Gebhart, “Organ pipe radiant modes of periodic micromachined silicon surfaces,” Nature 324, 549–551 (1986).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Phys. Rev. Appl. (1)

D. Costantini, A. Lefebvre, A.-L. Coutrot, I. Moldovan-Doyen, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Boutami, F. Marquier, H. Benisty, and J.-J. Greffet, “Plasmonic metasurface for directional and frequency-selective thermal emission,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 4, 014023 (2015).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (3)

A. Alù, M. G. Silveirinha, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Epsilon-near-zero metamaterials and electromagnetic sources: tailoring the radiation phase pattern,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 155410 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Campione, I. Brener, and F. Marquier, “Theory of epsilon-near-zero modes in ultrathin films,” Phys. Rev. B 91, 121408 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Dahan, A. Niv, G. Biener, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Enhanced coherency of thermal emission: beyond the limitation imposed by delocalized surface waves,” Phys. Rev. B 76, 045427 (2007).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

S. Vassant, A. Archambault, F. Marquier, F. Pardo, U. Gennser, A. Cavanna, J. L. Pelouard, and J. J. Greffet, “Epsilon-near-zero mode for active optoelectronic devices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 237401 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 045901 (2011).
[Crossref]

J.-J. Greffet, M. Laroche, and F. Marquier, “Impedance of a nanoantenna and a single quantum emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 117701 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

S. Campione, F. Marquier, J.-P. Hugonin, A. R. Ellis, J. F. Klem, M. B. Sinclair, and T. S. Luk, “Directional and monochromatic thermal emitter from epsilon-near-zero conditions in semiconductor hyperbolic metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 6, 34746 (2016).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

S. M. Rytov, Y. A. Kravtsov, and V. I. Tatarskii, Principles of Statistical Radiophysics 2: Correlation Theory of Random Processes (Springer-Verlag, 1988).

J.-J. Greffet, P. Bouchon, G. Brucoli, E. Sakat, and F. Marquier, “Generalized Kirchhoff law,” arXiv: 1601.00312 (2016).

E. D. Palik and G. Ghosh, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1998).

Supplementary Material (1)

NameDescription
» Supplement 1       Supplemental document

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) Cubic nanoemitter of width wn inserted in the gap of a dimer nanoantenna made of two gold nanorods and deposited on a substrate of refractive index nsub=1.28. The nanorods have a length Lant and a square section wn×wn. (b) Near-field enhancement |E|/|Einc| calculated for a normal incident plane wave with a polarization parallel to the antenna axis for λ=13.24  μm, Lant=3.6  μm and wn=200  nm. The nanoemitter is in SiNx [relative permittivity in Fig. 3(a)].
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Absorption cross section of a cubic SiNx nanoemitter with wn=200  nm inserted in the gap of a dimer nanoantenna as a function of the wavelength and the antenna length. Calculations are performed at normal incidence with a polarization parallel to the antenna axis. The cross shows the location of the maximum.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Real (solid curve) and imaginary part (red dashed curve) of the relative permittivity of silicon nitride SiNx as a function of the wavelength. (b) Absorption cross section of the 200 nm side SiNx nanoemitter alone (red dashed curve; data have been multiplied by 100 for better visibility) or inserted in the gap of the optimal dimer nanoantenna with Lant=3.6  μm (solid curve). Calculations are performed at normal incidence with a polarization parallel to the antenna axis. (c) Enhancement factor defined as the ratio of the cross section of the SiNx nanoemitter with and without antenna.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Average field enhancement |Eav|2/|Einc|2 inside the SiNx nanoemitter inserted in the gap of the dimer antenna as a function of the wavelength and the length of the antenna Lant. The average field has been calculated as |Eav|2=2P0σabs/(ωIm(ϵ)Ve).
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a) Scheme of an exemple of implementation of an electrical heating system. (b) Time dependent temperature profile T(x,z=wn,t) along the x axis as a function of time for a bias ΔU=2  V applied during 6 ns. After t=6  ns, the system cools down. The nanoemitter is located in the center of the picture and is surrounded by the dimer antenna. (More details on the calculations can be found in Supplement 1.)

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

σabs(u,ω)=ω2P0VeIm(ϵ)|E|2d3r,
αabs(r,u,ω)=ωIm(ϵ)|E|22P0.
Pe(u,ω)=Veαabs(r,u,ω)IB(ω,T(r))d3r,

Metrics