Abstract

A method to expand the dynamic range for a Shack–Hartmann wavefront sensor (SHWFS) is proposed. An SHWFS consists of a microlens array and an image sensor, and it has been widely used to measure the wavefront aberration of a lightwave in various fields. However, a very large aberrated wave cannot be correctly measured due to the finite dynamic range that depends on the diameter of each microlens. The proposed method enables an SHWFS to measure wavefronts with larger aberrations by applying holography and pattern matching technologies. For measurement of a spherical wave, the proposed method is compared with a conventional one by numerical simulations and optical experiments. Their results confirm the performance of the proposed method.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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2010 (1)

M. X. C. Li, L. Hu, Z. C. Q. Mu, L. Xuan, “Shack–Hartmann wavefront sensor with large dynamic range,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 026009 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

V. P. Lukin, V. M. Grigor’ev, L. V. Antoshkin, N. N. Botygina, O. N. Emaleev, P. A. Konyaev, P. G. Kovadlo, V. V. Nosov, V. I. Skomorovskii, A. V. Torgaev, “Applicability of adaptive optics for solar telescopes,” Atmos. Oceanic Opt. 22, 370–382 (2009).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

G. Yoon, S. Pantanelli, L. J. Nagy, “Large–dynamic–range Shack–Hartmann wavefront sensor for highly aberrated eyes,” J. Biomed. Opt. 11, 030502 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. L. Wizinowich, D. L. Mignant, A. H. Bouchez, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, A. R. Contos, M. A. V. Dam, S. K. Hartmann, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, H. Lewis, P. J. Stomski, D. M. Summers, “The W. M. Keck Observatory Laser Guide Star Adaptive Optics System: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 297–309 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

2004 (1)

H. Takami, N. Takato, Y. Hayano, M. Iye, S. Oya, Y. Kamata, T. Kanzawa, Y. Minowa, M. Otsubo, K. Nakashima, W. Gaessler, D. Saint-Jacques, “Performance of subaru cassegrain adaptive optics system,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 56, 225–234 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

2002 (4)

T. J. Hebert, M. C. W. Campbell, “Adaptive optics scanning laser ophthalmoscopy,” Opt. Express 10, 405–412 (2002).
[Crossref]

R. K. Tyson, “Bit-error rate for free-space adaptive optics laser communications,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 753–758 (2002).
[Crossref]

N. Lindlein, J. Pfund, “Experimental results for expanding the dynamic range of a Shack–Hartmann sensor using astigmatic microlenses,” Opt. Eng. 41, 529–533 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Rha, M. K. Giles, “Implementation of an adaptive Shack–Hartmann sensor using a phase-modulated liquid crystal spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE 4493, 80–87 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

H. Hofer, L. Chen, G. Y. Yoon, B. Singer, Y. Yamauchi, D. R. Williams, “Improvement in retinal image quality with dynamic correction of the eye’s aberrations,” Opt. Express 8, 631–643 (2001).
[Crossref]

N. Lindlein, J. Pfund, J. Schwider, “Algorithm for expanding the dynamic range of a Shack–Hartmann sensor by using a spatial light modulator array,” Opt. Eng. 40, 837–840 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

S. Groening, B. Sick, K. Donner, J. Pfund, N. Lindlein, J. Schwider, “Wave-front reconstruction with a Shack-Hartmann sensor with an iterative spline fitting method,” Appl. Opt. 39, 561–567 (2000).
[Crossref]

N. Lindlein, J. Pfund, J. Schwider, “Expansion of the dynamic range of a Shack-Hartmann sensor by using astigmatic microlenses,” Opt. Eng. 39, 2220–2225 (2000).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

1993 (1)

N. Hubin, L. Noethe, “Active optics, adaptive optics, and laser guide stars,” Science 262, 1390–1394 (1993).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

R. Foy, A. Labeyrie, “Feasibility of adaptive telescope with laser probe,” Astron. Astrophys. 152, L29–L31 (1985).

1976 (1)

Antoshkin, L. V.

V. P. Lukin, V. M. Grigor’ev, L. V. Antoshkin, N. N. Botygina, O. N. Emaleev, P. A. Konyaev, P. G. Kovadlo, V. V. Nosov, V. I. Skomorovskii, A. V. Torgaev, “Applicability of adaptive optics for solar telescopes,” Atmos. Oceanic Opt. 22, 370–382 (2009).
[Crossref]

Botygina, N. N.

V. P. Lukin, V. M. Grigor’ev, L. V. Antoshkin, N. N. Botygina, O. N. Emaleev, P. A. Konyaev, P. G. Kovadlo, V. V. Nosov, V. I. Skomorovskii, A. V. Torgaev, “Applicability of adaptive optics for solar telescopes,” Atmos. Oceanic Opt. 22, 370–382 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bouchez, A. H.

P. L. Wizinowich, D. L. Mignant, A. H. Bouchez, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, A. R. Contos, M. A. V. Dam, S. K. Hartmann, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, H. Lewis, P. J. Stomski, D. M. Summers, “The W. M. Keck Observatory Laser Guide Star Adaptive Optics System: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 297–309 (2006).
[Crossref]

Campbell, M. C. W.

Campbell, R. D.

P. L. Wizinowich, D. L. Mignant, A. H. Bouchez, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, A. R. Contos, M. A. V. Dam, S. K. Hartmann, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, H. Lewis, P. J. Stomski, D. M. Summers, “The W. M. Keck Observatory Laser Guide Star Adaptive Optics System: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 297–309 (2006).
[Crossref]

Canning, D. E.

Chen, L.

Chin, J. C. Y.

P. L. Wizinowich, D. L. Mignant, A. H. Bouchez, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, A. R. Contos, M. A. V. Dam, S. K. Hartmann, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, H. Lewis, P. J. Stomski, D. M. Summers, “The W. M. Keck Observatory Laser Guide Star Adaptive Optics System: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 297–309 (2006).
[Crossref]

Contos, A. R.

P. L. Wizinowich, D. L. Mignant, A. H. Bouchez, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, A. R. Contos, M. A. V. Dam, S. K. Hartmann, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, H. Lewis, P. J. Stomski, D. M. Summers, “The W. M. Keck Observatory Laser Guide Star Adaptive Optics System: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 297–309 (2006).
[Crossref]

Dam, M. A. V.

P. L. Wizinowich, D. L. Mignant, A. H. Bouchez, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, A. R. Contos, M. A. V. Dam, S. K. Hartmann, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, H. Lewis, P. J. Stomski, D. M. Summers, “The W. M. Keck Observatory Laser Guide Star Adaptive Optics System: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 297–309 (2006).
[Crossref]

Descour, M. R.

Donner, K.

Emaleev, O. N.

V. P. Lukin, V. M. Grigor’ev, L. V. Antoshkin, N. N. Botygina, O. N. Emaleev, P. A. Konyaev, P. G. Kovadlo, V. V. Nosov, V. I. Skomorovskii, A. V. Torgaev, “Applicability of adaptive optics for solar telescopes,” Atmos. Oceanic Opt. 22, 370–382 (2009).
[Crossref]

Foy, R.

R. Foy, A. Labeyrie, “Feasibility of adaptive telescope with laser probe,” Astron. Astrophys. 152, L29–L31 (1985).

Gaessler, W.

H. Takami, N. Takato, Y. Hayano, M. Iye, S. Oya, Y. Kamata, T. Kanzawa, Y. Minowa, M. Otsubo, K. Nakashima, W. Gaessler, D. Saint-Jacques, “Performance of subaru cassegrain adaptive optics system,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 56, 225–234 (2004).
[Crossref]

Giles, M. K.

J. Rha, M. K. Giles, “Implementation of an adaptive Shack–Hartmann sensor using a phase-modulated liquid crystal spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE 4493, 80–87 (2002).
[Crossref]

Grigor’ev, V. M.

V. P. Lukin, V. M. Grigor’ev, L. V. Antoshkin, N. N. Botygina, O. N. Emaleev, P. A. Konyaev, P. G. Kovadlo, V. V. Nosov, V. I. Skomorovskii, A. V. Torgaev, “Applicability of adaptive optics for solar telescopes,” Atmos. Oceanic Opt. 22, 370–382 (2009).
[Crossref]

Groening, S.

Hartmann, S. K.

P. L. Wizinowich, D. L. Mignant, A. H. Bouchez, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, A. R. Contos, M. A. V. Dam, S. K. Hartmann, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, H. Lewis, P. J. Stomski, D. M. Summers, “The W. M. Keck Observatory Laser Guide Star Adaptive Optics System: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 297–309 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hayano, Y.

H. Takami, N. Takato, Y. Hayano, M. Iye, S. Oya, Y. Kamata, T. Kanzawa, Y. Minowa, M. Otsubo, K. Nakashima, W. Gaessler, D. Saint-Jacques, “Performance of subaru cassegrain adaptive optics system,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 56, 225–234 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hebert, T. J.

Hofer, H.

Hu, L.

M. X. C. Li, L. Hu, Z. C. Q. Mu, L. Xuan, “Shack–Hartmann wavefront sensor with large dynamic range,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 026009 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hubin, N.

N. Hubin, L. Noethe, “Active optics, adaptive optics, and laser guide stars,” Science 262, 1390–1394 (1993).
[Crossref]

Iye, M.

H. Takami, N. Takato, Y. Hayano, M. Iye, S. Oya, Y. Kamata, T. Kanzawa, Y. Minowa, M. Otsubo, K. Nakashima, W. Gaessler, D. Saint-Jacques, “Performance of subaru cassegrain adaptive optics system,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 56, 225–234 (2004).
[Crossref]

Johansson, E. M.

P. L. Wizinowich, D. L. Mignant, A. H. Bouchez, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, A. R. Contos, M. A. V. Dam, S. K. Hartmann, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, H. Lewis, P. J. Stomski, D. M. Summers, “The W. M. Keck Observatory Laser Guide Star Adaptive Optics System: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 297–309 (2006).
[Crossref]

Jonnal, R. S.

Kamata, Y.

H. Takami, N. Takato, Y. Hayano, M. Iye, S. Oya, Y. Kamata, T. Kanzawa, Y. Minowa, M. Otsubo, K. Nakashima, W. Gaessler, D. Saint-Jacques, “Performance of subaru cassegrain adaptive optics system,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 56, 225–234 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kanzawa, T.

H. Takami, N. Takato, Y. Hayano, M. Iye, S. Oya, Y. Kamata, T. Kanzawa, Y. Minowa, M. Otsubo, K. Nakashima, W. Gaessler, D. Saint-Jacques, “Performance of subaru cassegrain adaptive optics system,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 56, 225–234 (2004).
[Crossref]

Konyaev, P. A.

V. P. Lukin, V. M. Grigor’ev, L. V. Antoshkin, N. N. Botygina, O. N. Emaleev, P. A. Konyaev, P. G. Kovadlo, V. V. Nosov, V. I. Skomorovskii, A. V. Torgaev, “Applicability of adaptive optics for solar telescopes,” Atmos. Oceanic Opt. 22, 370–382 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kovadlo, P. G.

V. P. Lukin, V. M. Grigor’ev, L. V. Antoshkin, N. N. Botygina, O. N. Emaleev, P. A. Konyaev, P. G. Kovadlo, V. V. Nosov, V. I. Skomorovskii, A. V. Torgaev, “Applicability of adaptive optics for solar telescopes,” Atmos. Oceanic Opt. 22, 370–382 (2009).
[Crossref]

Labeyrie, A.

R. Foy, A. Labeyrie, “Feasibility of adaptive telescope with laser probe,” Astron. Astrophys. 152, L29–L31 (1985).

Lafon, R. E.

P. L. Wizinowich, D. L. Mignant, A. H. Bouchez, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, A. R. Contos, M. A. V. Dam, S. K. Hartmann, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, H. Lewis, P. J. Stomski, D. M. Summers, “The W. M. Keck Observatory Laser Guide Star Adaptive Optics System: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 297–309 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lee, J.

Lewis, H.

P. L. Wizinowich, D. L. Mignant, A. H. Bouchez, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, A. R. Contos, M. A. V. Dam, S. K. Hartmann, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, H. Lewis, P. J. Stomski, D. M. Summers, “The W. M. Keck Observatory Laser Guide Star Adaptive Optics System: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 297–309 (2006).
[Crossref]

Li, M. X. C.

M. X. C. Li, L. Hu, Z. C. Q. Mu, L. Xuan, “Shack–Hartmann wavefront sensor with large dynamic range,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 026009 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liang, J.

Liesener, J.

L. Seifert, J. Liesener, H. J. Tiziani, “Adaptive Shack–Hartmann sensor,” Proc. SPIE 5144, 250–258 (2003).
[Crossref]

Lindlein, N.

N. Lindlein, J. Pfund, “Experimental results for expanding the dynamic range of a Shack–Hartmann sensor using astigmatic microlenses,” Opt. Eng. 41, 529–533 (2002).
[Crossref]

N. Lindlein, J. Pfund, J. Schwider, “Algorithm for expanding the dynamic range of a Shack–Hartmann sensor by using a spatial light modulator array,” Opt. Eng. 40, 837–840 (2001).
[Crossref]

N. Lindlein, J. Pfund, J. Schwider, “Expansion of the dynamic range of a Shack-Hartmann sensor by using astigmatic microlenses,” Opt. Eng. 39, 2220–2225 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. Groening, B. Sick, K. Donner, J. Pfund, N. Lindlein, J. Schwider, “Wave-front reconstruction with a Shack-Hartmann sensor with an iterative spline fitting method,” Appl. Opt. 39, 561–567 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Pfund, N. Lindlein, J. Schwider, “Dynamic range expansion of a Shack–Hartmann sensor by use of a modified unwrapping algorithm,” Opt. Lett. 23, 995–997 (1998).
[Crossref]

Lukin, V. P.

V. P. Lukin, V. M. Grigor’ev, L. V. Antoshkin, N. N. Botygina, O. N. Emaleev, P. A. Konyaev, P. G. Kovadlo, V. V. Nosov, V. I. Skomorovskii, A. V. Torgaev, “Applicability of adaptive optics for solar telescopes,” Atmos. Oceanic Opt. 22, 370–382 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mignant, D. L.

P. L. Wizinowich, D. L. Mignant, A. H. Bouchez, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, A. R. Contos, M. A. V. Dam, S. K. Hartmann, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, H. Lewis, P. J. Stomski, D. M. Summers, “The W. M. Keck Observatory Laser Guide Star Adaptive Optics System: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 297–309 (2006).
[Crossref]

Miller, D. T.

Minowa, Y.

H. Takami, N. Takato, Y. Hayano, M. Iye, S. Oya, Y. Kamata, T. Kanzawa, Y. Minowa, M. Otsubo, K. Nakashima, W. Gaessler, D. Saint-Jacques, “Performance of subaru cassegrain adaptive optics system,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 56, 225–234 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mu, Z. C. Q.

M. X. C. Li, L. Hu, Z. C. Q. Mu, L. Xuan, “Shack–Hartmann wavefront sensor with large dynamic range,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 026009 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nagy, L. J.

G. Yoon, S. Pantanelli, L. J. Nagy, “Large–dynamic–range Shack–Hartmann wavefront sensor for highly aberrated eyes,” J. Biomed. Opt. 11, 030502 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nakashima, K.

H. Takami, N. Takato, Y. Hayano, M. Iye, S. Oya, Y. Kamata, T. Kanzawa, Y. Minowa, M. Otsubo, K. Nakashima, W. Gaessler, D. Saint-Jacques, “Performance of subaru cassegrain adaptive optics system,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 56, 225–234 (2004).
[Crossref]

Noethe, L.

N. Hubin, L. Noethe, “Active optics, adaptive optics, and laser guide stars,” Science 262, 1390–1394 (1993).
[Crossref]

Noll, R. J.

Nosov, V. V.

V. P. Lukin, V. M. Grigor’ev, L. V. Antoshkin, N. N. Botygina, O. N. Emaleev, P. A. Konyaev, P. G. Kovadlo, V. V. Nosov, V. I. Skomorovskii, A. V. Torgaev, “Applicability of adaptive optics for solar telescopes,” Atmos. Oceanic Opt. 22, 370–382 (2009).
[Crossref]

Otsubo, M.

H. Takami, N. Takato, Y. Hayano, M. Iye, S. Oya, Y. Kamata, T. Kanzawa, Y. Minowa, M. Otsubo, K. Nakashima, W. Gaessler, D. Saint-Jacques, “Performance of subaru cassegrain adaptive optics system,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 56, 225–234 (2004).
[Crossref]

Oya, S.

H. Takami, N. Takato, Y. Hayano, M. Iye, S. Oya, Y. Kamata, T. Kanzawa, Y. Minowa, M. Otsubo, K. Nakashima, W. Gaessler, D. Saint-Jacques, “Performance of subaru cassegrain adaptive optics system,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 56, 225–234 (2004).
[Crossref]

Pantanelli, S.

G. Yoon, S. Pantanelli, L. J. Nagy, “Large–dynamic–range Shack–Hartmann wavefront sensor for highly aberrated eyes,” J. Biomed. Opt. 11, 030502 (2006).
[Crossref]

Pfund, J.

N. Lindlein, J. Pfund, “Experimental results for expanding the dynamic range of a Shack–Hartmann sensor using astigmatic microlenses,” Opt. Eng. 41, 529–533 (2002).
[Crossref]

N. Lindlein, J. Pfund, J. Schwider, “Algorithm for expanding the dynamic range of a Shack–Hartmann sensor by using a spatial light modulator array,” Opt. Eng. 40, 837–840 (2001).
[Crossref]

N. Lindlein, J. Pfund, J. Schwider, “Expansion of the dynamic range of a Shack-Hartmann sensor by using astigmatic microlenses,” Opt. Eng. 39, 2220–2225 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. Groening, B. Sick, K. Donner, J. Pfund, N. Lindlein, J. Schwider, “Wave-front reconstruction with a Shack-Hartmann sensor with an iterative spline fitting method,” Appl. Opt. 39, 561–567 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Pfund, N. Lindlein, J. Schwider, “Dynamic range expansion of a Shack–Hartmann sensor by use of a modified unwrapping algorithm,” Opt. Lett. 23, 995–997 (1998).
[Crossref]

Rha, J.

Y. Zhang, J. Rha, R. S. Jonnal, D. T. Miller, “Adaptive optics parallel spectral domain optical coherence tomography for imaging the living retina,” Opt. Express 13, 4792–4811 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Rha, M. K. Giles, “Implementation of an adaptive Shack–Hartmann sensor using a phase-modulated liquid crystal spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE 4493, 80–87 (2002).
[Crossref]

Saint-Jacques, D.

H. Takami, N. Takato, Y. Hayano, M. Iye, S. Oya, Y. Kamata, T. Kanzawa, Y. Minowa, M. Otsubo, K. Nakashima, W. Gaessler, D. Saint-Jacques, “Performance of subaru cassegrain adaptive optics system,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 56, 225–234 (2004).
[Crossref]

Schwider, J.

N. Lindlein, J. Pfund, J. Schwider, “Algorithm for expanding the dynamic range of a Shack–Hartmann sensor by using a spatial light modulator array,” Opt. Eng. 40, 837–840 (2001).
[Crossref]

N. Lindlein, J. Pfund, J. Schwider, “Expansion of the dynamic range of a Shack-Hartmann sensor by using astigmatic microlenses,” Opt. Eng. 39, 2220–2225 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. Groening, B. Sick, K. Donner, J. Pfund, N. Lindlein, J. Schwider, “Wave-front reconstruction with a Shack-Hartmann sensor with an iterative spline fitting method,” Appl. Opt. 39, 561–567 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Pfund, N. Lindlein, J. Schwider, “Dynamic range expansion of a Shack–Hartmann sensor by use of a modified unwrapping algorithm,” Opt. Lett. 23, 995–997 (1998).
[Crossref]

Seifert, L.

L. Seifert, J. Liesener, H. J. Tiziani, “Adaptive Shack–Hartmann sensor,” Proc. SPIE 5144, 250–258 (2003).
[Crossref]

Shack, R. V.

Sick, B.

Singer, B.

Skomorovskii, V. I.

V. P. Lukin, V. M. Grigor’ev, L. V. Antoshkin, N. N. Botygina, O. N. Emaleev, P. A. Konyaev, P. G. Kovadlo, V. V. Nosov, V. I. Skomorovskii, A. V. Torgaev, “Applicability of adaptive optics for solar telescopes,” Atmos. Oceanic Opt. 22, 370–382 (2009).
[Crossref]

Stomski, P. J.

P. L. Wizinowich, D. L. Mignant, A. H. Bouchez, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, A. R. Contos, M. A. V. Dam, S. K. Hartmann, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, H. Lewis, P. J. Stomski, D. M. Summers, “The W. M. Keck Observatory Laser Guide Star Adaptive Optics System: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 297–309 (2006).
[Crossref]

Summers, D. M.

P. L. Wizinowich, D. L. Mignant, A. H. Bouchez, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, A. R. Contos, M. A. V. Dam, S. K. Hartmann, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, H. Lewis, P. J. Stomski, D. M. Summers, “The W. M. Keck Observatory Laser Guide Star Adaptive Optics System: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 297–309 (2006).
[Crossref]

Takami, H.

H. Takami, N. Takato, Y. Hayano, M. Iye, S. Oya, Y. Kamata, T. Kanzawa, Y. Minowa, M. Otsubo, K. Nakashima, W. Gaessler, D. Saint-Jacques, “Performance of subaru cassegrain adaptive optics system,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 56, 225–234 (2004).
[Crossref]

Takato, N.

H. Takami, N. Takato, Y. Hayano, M. Iye, S. Oya, Y. Kamata, T. Kanzawa, Y. Minowa, M. Otsubo, K. Nakashima, W. Gaessler, D. Saint-Jacques, “Performance of subaru cassegrain adaptive optics system,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 56, 225–234 (2004).
[Crossref]

Tiziani, H. J.

L. Seifert, J. Liesener, H. J. Tiziani, “Adaptive Shack–Hartmann sensor,” Proc. SPIE 5144, 250–258 (2003).
[Crossref]

Torgaev, A. V.

V. P. Lukin, V. M. Grigor’ev, L. V. Antoshkin, N. N. Botygina, O. N. Emaleev, P. A. Konyaev, P. G. Kovadlo, V. V. Nosov, V. I. Skomorovskii, A. V. Torgaev, “Applicability of adaptive optics for solar telescopes,” Atmos. Oceanic Opt. 22, 370–382 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tyson, R. K.

Williams, D. R.

Wizinowich, P. L.

P. L. Wizinowich, D. L. Mignant, A. H. Bouchez, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, A. R. Contos, M. A. V. Dam, S. K. Hartmann, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, H. Lewis, P. J. Stomski, D. M. Summers, “The W. M. Keck Observatory Laser Guide Star Adaptive Optics System: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 297–309 (2006).
[Crossref]

Xuan, L.

M. X. C. Li, L. Hu, Z. C. Q. Mu, L. Xuan, “Shack–Hartmann wavefront sensor with large dynamic range,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 026009 (2010).
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Yamauchi, Y.

Yoon, G.

G. Yoon, S. Pantanelli, L. J. Nagy, “Large–dynamic–range Shack–Hartmann wavefront sensor for highly aberrated eyes,” J. Biomed. Opt. 11, 030502 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yoon, G. Y.

Zhang, Y.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Astron. Astrophys. (1)

R. Foy, A. Labeyrie, “Feasibility of adaptive telescope with laser probe,” Astron. Astrophys. 152, L29–L31 (1985).

Atmos. Oceanic Opt. (1)

V. P. Lukin, V. M. Grigor’ev, L. V. Antoshkin, N. N. Botygina, O. N. Emaleev, P. A. Konyaev, P. G. Kovadlo, V. V. Nosov, V. I. Skomorovskii, A. V. Torgaev, “Applicability of adaptive optics for solar telescopes,” Atmos. Oceanic Opt. 22, 370–382 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Biomed. Opt. (2)

G. Yoon, S. Pantanelli, L. J. Nagy, “Large–dynamic–range Shack–Hartmann wavefront sensor for highly aberrated eyes,” J. Biomed. Opt. 11, 030502 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. X. C. Li, L. Hu, Z. C. Q. Mu, L. Xuan, “Shack–Hartmann wavefront sensor with large dynamic range,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 026009 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

Opt. Eng. (3)

N. Lindlein, J. Pfund, J. Schwider, “Algorithm for expanding the dynamic range of a Shack–Hartmann sensor by using a spatial light modulator array,” Opt. Eng. 40, 837–840 (2001).
[Crossref]

N. Lindlein, J. Pfund, J. Schwider, “Expansion of the dynamic range of a Shack-Hartmann sensor by using astigmatic microlenses,” Opt. Eng. 39, 2220–2225 (2000).
[Crossref]

N. Lindlein, J. Pfund, “Experimental results for expanding the dynamic range of a Shack–Hartmann sensor using astigmatic microlenses,” Opt. Eng. 41, 529–533 (2002).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (2)

J. Rha, M. K. Giles, “Implementation of an adaptive Shack–Hartmann sensor using a phase-modulated liquid crystal spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE 4493, 80–87 (2002).
[Crossref]

L. Seifert, J. Liesener, H. J. Tiziani, “Adaptive Shack–Hartmann sensor,” Proc. SPIE 5144, 250–258 (2003).
[Crossref]

Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. (1)

H. Takami, N. Takato, Y. Hayano, M. Iye, S. Oya, Y. Kamata, T. Kanzawa, Y. Minowa, M. Otsubo, K. Nakashima, W. Gaessler, D. Saint-Jacques, “Performance of subaru cassegrain adaptive optics system,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 56, 225–234 (2004).
[Crossref]

Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. (1)

P. L. Wizinowich, D. L. Mignant, A. H. Bouchez, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, A. R. Contos, M. A. V. Dam, S. K. Hartmann, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, H. Lewis, P. J. Stomski, D. M. Summers, “The W. M. Keck Observatory Laser Guide Star Adaptive Optics System: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 297–309 (2006).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

N. Hubin, L. Noethe, “Active optics, adaptive optics, and laser guide stars,” Science 262, 1390–1394 (1993).
[Crossref]

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Figures (14)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Schematic diagram of a general SHWFS.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Calculation principle of a local phase gradient in the x direction.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Schematic diagram of the H-SHWFS.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Schematic diagram of the CPDD method.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Undesirable correlation signals around the correlation peak.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Selected patterns for the H-SHWFS.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. (a) Unit microhologram array (phase only) and (b) its numerical reconstructed image.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. (a) Correlation map and (b) its magnified view.
Fig. 9.
Fig. 9. Magnified phase gradient distributions by (a) the proposed and (b) the conventional methods.
Fig. 10.
Fig. 10. Approximated wavefronts obtained by (a) the proposed and (b) the conventional methods in numerical simulations.
Fig. 11.
Fig. 11. Optical setup.
Fig. 12.
Fig. 12. (a) Reconstructed image and (b) one of correlation maps.
Fig. 13.
Fig. 13. Phase gradient distributions by (a) the proposed and (b) the conventional methods.
Fig. 14.
Fig. 14. Approximated wavefronts experimentally obtained by (a) the proposed and (b) the conventional methods.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Simulation Parameters

Equations (2)

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Φx=Δxcf,
R(x,y)Tn(x,y)=IFFT[FFT[R(x,y)]FFT[Tn(x,y)]*],

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