Abstract

Lithography-free planar structures have been the subject of many studies on structural coloration in recent years because of mass production and large-area applications. Among them, the metal-insulator-metal (MIM) structure follows a subtractive color system. However, the limited gamut of this system hinders a wider application of reflective color filters. We demonstrate a planar metal-insulator-metal-insulator-metal (MIMIM) structure for a tunable dual-resonance mode, by combining each single-resonance mode in MIM structures. By controlling the resonance dips, we obtain standard red/green/blue (sRGB) in the standard color space for modern optical devices. The reflectance spectra, color representation, and fabricated samples verify the dual-resonance tunability and generation of sRGB colors.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
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References

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    [Crossref]
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2019 (3)

Y. J. Kim, Y. J. Yoo, G. J. Lee, D. E. Yoo, D. W. Lee, V. Siva, H. Song, I. S. Kang, and Y. M. Song, “Enlarged color gamut representation enabled by transferable silicon nanowire arrays on metal-insulator-metal films,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 11(12), 11849–11856 (2019).
[Crossref]

K.-T. Lee, D. Kang, H. J. Park, D. H. Park, and S. Han, “Design of polarization-independent and wide-angle broadband absorbers for highly efficient reflective structural color filters,” Materials 12(7), 1050 (2019).
[Crossref]

B. Yang, W. Liu, Z. Li, H. Cheng, D.-Y. Choi, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Ultra-highly saturated structural colors enhanced by multipolar-modulated metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 19(7), 4221–4228 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (5)

S. S. Mirshafieyan and D. A. Gregory, “Electrically tunable perfect light absorbers as color filters and modulators,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 2635 (2018).
[Crossref]

G. J. Lee, Y. J. Kim, H. M. Kim, Y. J. Yoo, and Y. M. Song, “Colored, daytime radiative coolers with thin-film resonators for aesthetic purposes,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(22), 1800707 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. H. Han, D. Kim, T.-W. Lee, Y. Jeon, H. S. Lee, and K. C. Choi, “Color purifying optical nanothin film for three primary colors in optoelectronics,” ACS Photonics 5(8), 3322–3330 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Aalizadeh, A. E. Serebryannikov, A. Khavasi, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, and E. Ozbay, “Toward electrically tunable, lithography-free, ultra-thin color filters covering the whole visible spectrum,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 11316 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Song, X. Li, M. Pu, Y. Guo, K. Liu, H. Yu, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “Color display and encryption with a plasmonic polarizing metamirror,” Nanophotonics 7(1), 323–331 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (6)

Z. Dong, J. Ho, Y. F. Yu, Y. H. Fu, R. Paniagua-Dominguez, S. Wang, A. I. Kuznetsov, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing beyond sRGB color gamut by mimicking silicon nanostructures in free-space,” Nano Lett. 17(12), 7620–7628 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. U. Lee and B.-K. Ju, “Wide-gamut plasmonic color filters using a complementary design method,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 40649 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Song, X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, K. Liu, P. Gao, Z. Zhao, Y. Wang, C. Wang, and X. Luo, “Actively tunable structural color rendering with tensile substrate,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(9), 1600829 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Yoo, J. H. Lim, G. J. Lee, K.-I. Jang, and Y. M. Song, “Ultra-thin films with highly absorbent porous media fine-tunable for coloration and enhanced color purity,” Nanoscale 9(9), 2986–2991 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Mudachathi and T. Tanaka, “Up scalable full colour plasmonic pixels with controllable hue, brightness and saturation,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 1199 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, D. Luo, and Z. H. Peng, “Full-color reflective display based on narrow bandwidth templated cholesteric liquid crystal film,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(1), 16–24 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (5)

H. N. Umh, S. Yu, Y. H. Kim, S. Y. Lee, and J. Yi, “Tuning the structural color of a 2D photonic crystal using a bowl-like nanostructure,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(24), 15802–15808 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, A. W. Clark, and J. M. Cooper, “Dual color plasmonic pixels create a polarization controlled nano color palette,” ACS Nano 10(1), 492–498 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Mao, W. Shen, C. Yang, X. Fang, W. Yuan, Y. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Angle insensitive color filters in transmission covering the visible region,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 19289 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Lithography-free transmission filters at ultraviolet frequencies using ultra-thin aluminum films,” J. Opt. 18(6), 065006 (2016).
[Crossref]

C.-S. Park, V. R. Shrestha, S.-S. Lee, and D.-Y. Choi, “Trans-reflective color filters based on a phase compensated etalon enabling adjustable color saturation,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25496 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

Z. Li, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Large-area, lithography-free super absorbers and color filters at visible frequencies using ultrathin metallic films,” ACS Photonics 2(2), 183–188 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Dutta Choudhury, R. Badugu, K. Ray, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Directional emission from metal–dielectric–metal structures: effect of mixed metal layers, dye location, and dielectric thickness,” J. Phys. Chem. C 119(6), 3302–3311 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Cheng, J. Gao, T. S. Luk, and X. Yang, “Structural color printing based on plasmonic metasurfaces of perfect light absorption,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 11045 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Yang, W. Shen, Y. Zhang, K. Li, X. Fang, X. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Compact multilayer film structure for angle insensitive color filtering,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9285 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

J. Guo, C. M. Huard, Y. Yang, Y. J. Shin, K. Lee, and L. J. Guo, “ITO-free, compact, color liquid crystal devices using integrated structural color filters and graphene electrodes,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(5), 435–441 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

Y. S. Do, J. H. Park, B. Y. Hwang, S. Lee, B. Ju, and K. C. Choi, “Plasmonic color filter and its fabrication for large-area applications,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(2), 133–138 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Si, Y. Zhao, J. Lv, M. Lu, F. Wang, H. Liu, N. Xiang, T. J. Huang, A. J. Danner, and J. Teng, “Reflective plasmonic color filters based on lithographically patterned silver nanorod arrays,” Nanoscale 5(14), 6243–6248 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Nanometre optical coatings based on strong interference effects in highly absorbing media,” Nat. Mater. 12(1), 20–24 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

W. S. Mokrzycki and M. Tatol, “Color difference Delta E-A survey,” Mach. Graph. Vis. 20(4), 383–411 (2011).

2010 (2)

T. Xu, Y.-K. Wu, X. Luo, and L. J. Guo, “Plasmonic nanoresonators for high-resolution colour filtering and spectral imaging,” Nat. Commun. 1(1), 59 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y.-T. Yoon and S.-S. Lee, “Transmission type color filter incorporating a silver film based etalon,” Opt. Express 18(5), 5344–5349 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

K. Diest, J. A. Dionne, M. Spain, and H. A. Atwater, “Tunable color filters based on metal− insulator− metal resonators,” Nano Lett. 9(7), 2579–2583 (2009).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

A. Tixier, Y. Mita, J. P. Gouy, and H. Fujita, “A silicon shadow mask for deposition on isolated areas,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 10(2), 157–162 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

R. W. Sabnis, “Color filter technology for liquid crystal displays,” Displays 20(3), 119–129 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

1996 (1)

H. Haneishi, T. Suzuki, N. Shimoyama, and Y. Miyake, “Color digital halftoning taking colorimetric color reproduction into account,” J. Electron. Imaging 5(1), 97–107 (1996).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

M. G. Moharam, “Coupled-wave analysis of two-dimensional dielectric gratings,” Proc. SPIE 0883, 8–12 (1988).
[Crossref]

1969 (1)

E. N. Economou, “Surface plasmons in thin films,” Phys. Rev. 182(2), 539–554 (1969).
[Crossref]

1931 (1)

T. Smith and J. Guild, “The CIE colorimetric standards and their use,” Trans. Opt. Soc., London 33(3), 73–134 (1931).
[Crossref]

Aalizadeh, M.

M. Aalizadeh, A. E. Serebryannikov, A. Khavasi, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, and E. Ozbay, “Toward electrically tunable, lithography-free, ultra-thin color filters covering the whole visible spectrum,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 11316 (2018).
[Crossref]

Atwater, H. A.

K. Diest, J. A. Dionne, M. Spain, and H. A. Atwater, “Tunable color filters based on metal− insulator− metal resonators,” Nano Lett. 9(7), 2579–2583 (2009).
[Crossref]

Aydin, K.

Z. Li, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Lithography-free transmission filters at ultraviolet frequencies using ultra-thin aluminum films,” J. Opt. 18(6), 065006 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Large-area, lithography-free super absorbers and color filters at visible frequencies using ultrathin metallic films,” ACS Photonics 2(2), 183–188 (2015).
[Crossref]

Badugu, R.

S. Dutta Choudhury, R. Badugu, K. Ray, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Directional emission from metal–dielectric–metal structures: effect of mixed metal layers, dye location, and dielectric thickness,” J. Phys. Chem. C 119(6), 3302–3311 (2015).
[Crossref]

Blanchard, R.

M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Nanometre optical coatings based on strong interference effects in highly absorbing media,” Nat. Mater. 12(1), 20–24 (2013).
[Crossref]

Butun, S.

Z. Li, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Lithography-free transmission filters at ultraviolet frequencies using ultra-thin aluminum films,” J. Opt. 18(6), 065006 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Large-area, lithography-free super absorbers and color filters at visible frequencies using ultrathin metallic films,” ACS Photonics 2(2), 183–188 (2015).
[Crossref]

Capasso, F.

M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Nanometre optical coatings based on strong interference effects in highly absorbing media,” Nat. Mater. 12(1), 20–24 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

B. Yang, W. Liu, Z. Li, H. Cheng, D.-Y. Choi, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Ultra-highly saturated structural colors enhanced by multipolar-modulated metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 19(7), 4221–4228 (2019).
[Crossref]

Cheng, F.

F. Cheng, J. Gao, T. S. Luk, and X. Yang, “Structural color printing based on plasmonic metasurfaces of perfect light absorption,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 11045 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cheng, H.

B. Yang, W. Liu, Z. Li, H. Cheng, D.-Y. Choi, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Ultra-highly saturated structural colors enhanced by multipolar-modulated metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 19(7), 4221–4228 (2019).
[Crossref]

Choi, D.-Y.

B. Yang, W. Liu, Z. Li, H. Cheng, D.-Y. Choi, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Ultra-highly saturated structural colors enhanced by multipolar-modulated metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 19(7), 4221–4228 (2019).
[Crossref]

C.-S. Park, V. R. Shrestha, S.-S. Lee, and D.-Y. Choi, “Trans-reflective color filters based on a phase compensated etalon enabling adjustable color saturation,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25496 (2016).
[Crossref]

Choi, K. C.

J. H. Han, D. Kim, T.-W. Lee, Y. Jeon, H. S. Lee, and K. C. Choi, “Color purifying optical nanothin film for three primary colors in optoelectronics,” ACS Photonics 5(8), 3322–3330 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. S. Do, J. H. Park, B. Y. Hwang, S. Lee, B. Ju, and K. C. Choi, “Plasmonic color filter and its fabrication for large-area applications,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(2), 133–138 (2013).
[Crossref]

Clark, A. W.

Z. Li, A. W. Clark, and J. M. Cooper, “Dual color plasmonic pixels create a polarization controlled nano color palette,” ACS Nano 10(1), 492–498 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cooper, J. M.

Z. Li, A. W. Clark, and J. M. Cooper, “Dual color plasmonic pixels create a polarization controlled nano color palette,” ACS Nano 10(1), 492–498 (2016).
[Crossref]

Danner, A. J.

G. Si, Y. Zhao, J. Lv, M. Lu, F. Wang, H. Liu, N. Xiang, T. J. Huang, A. J. Danner, and J. Teng, “Reflective plasmonic color filters based on lithographically patterned silver nanorod arrays,” Nanoscale 5(14), 6243–6248 (2013).
[Crossref]

Diest, K.

K. Diest, J. A. Dionne, M. Spain, and H. A. Atwater, “Tunable color filters based on metal− insulator− metal resonators,” Nano Lett. 9(7), 2579–2583 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dionne, J. A.

K. Diest, J. A. Dionne, M. Spain, and H. A. Atwater, “Tunable color filters based on metal− insulator− metal resonators,” Nano Lett. 9(7), 2579–2583 (2009).
[Crossref]

Djurišic, A. B.

Do, Y. S.

Y. S. Do, J. H. Park, B. Y. Hwang, S. Lee, B. Ju, and K. C. Choi, “Plasmonic color filter and its fabrication for large-area applications,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(2), 133–138 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dong, Z.

Z. Dong, J. Ho, Y. F. Yu, Y. H. Fu, R. Paniagua-Dominguez, S. Wang, A. I. Kuznetsov, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing beyond sRGB color gamut by mimicking silicon nanostructures in free-space,” Nano Lett. 17(12), 7620–7628 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dutta Choudhury, S.

S. Dutta Choudhury, R. Badugu, K. Ray, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Directional emission from metal–dielectric–metal structures: effect of mixed metal layers, dye location, and dielectric thickness,” J. Phys. Chem. C 119(6), 3302–3311 (2015).
[Crossref]

Economou, E. N.

E. N. Economou, “Surface plasmons in thin films,” Phys. Rev. 182(2), 539–554 (1969).
[Crossref]

Elazar, J. M.

Fang, X.

K. Mao, W. Shen, C. Yang, X. Fang, W. Yuan, Y. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Angle insensitive color filters in transmission covering the visible region,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 19289 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Yang, W. Shen, Y. Zhang, K. Li, X. Fang, X. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Compact multilayer film structure for angle insensitive color filtering,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9285 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fu, Y. H.

Z. Dong, J. Ho, Y. F. Yu, Y. H. Fu, R. Paniagua-Dominguez, S. Wang, A. I. Kuznetsov, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing beyond sRGB color gamut by mimicking silicon nanostructures in free-space,” Nano Lett. 17(12), 7620–7628 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fujita, H.

A. Tixier, Y. Mita, J. P. Gouy, and H. Fujita, “A silicon shadow mask for deposition on isolated areas,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 10(2), 157–162 (2000).
[Crossref]

Gao, J.

F. Cheng, J. Gao, T. S. Luk, and X. Yang, “Structural color printing based on plasmonic metasurfaces of perfect light absorption,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 11045 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gao, P.

S. Song, X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, K. Liu, P. Gao, Z. Zhao, Y. Wang, C. Wang, and X. Luo, “Actively tunable structural color rendering with tensile substrate,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(9), 1600829 (2017).
[Crossref]

Genevet, P.

M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Nanometre optical coatings based on strong interference effects in highly absorbing media,” Nat. Mater. 12(1), 20–24 (2013).
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M. Song, X. Li, M. Pu, Y. Guo, K. Liu, H. Yu, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “Color display and encryption with a plasmonic polarizing metamirror,” Nanophotonics 7(1), 323–331 (2018).
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J. H. Han, D. Kim, T.-W. Lee, Y. Jeon, H. S. Lee, and K. C. Choi, “Color purifying optical nanothin film for three primary colors in optoelectronics,” ACS Photonics 5(8), 3322–3330 (2018).
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K.-T. Lee, D. Kang, H. J. Park, D. H. Park, and S. Han, “Design of polarization-independent and wide-angle broadband absorbers for highly efficient reflective structural color filters,” Materials 12(7), 1050 (2019).
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H. Haneishi, T. Suzuki, N. Shimoyama, and Y. Miyake, “Color digital halftoning taking colorimetric color reproduction into account,” J. Electron. Imaging 5(1), 97–107 (1996).
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Z. Dong, J. Ho, Y. F. Yu, Y. H. Fu, R. Paniagua-Dominguez, S. Wang, A. I. Kuznetsov, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing beyond sRGB color gamut by mimicking silicon nanostructures in free-space,” Nano Lett. 17(12), 7620–7628 (2017).
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J. H. Han, D. Kim, T.-W. Lee, Y. Jeon, H. S. Lee, and K. C. Choi, “Color purifying optical nanothin film for three primary colors in optoelectronics,” ACS Photonics 5(8), 3322–3330 (2018).
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S. U. Lee and B.-K. Ju, “Wide-gamut plasmonic color filters using a complementary design method,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 40649 (2017).
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G. J. Lee, Y. J. Kim, H. M. Kim, Y. J. Yoo, and Y. M. Song, “Colored, daytime radiative coolers with thin-film resonators for aesthetic purposes,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(22), 1800707 (2018).
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H. N. Umh, S. Yu, Y. H. Kim, S. Y. Lee, and J. Yi, “Tuning the structural color of a 2D photonic crystal using a bowl-like nanostructure,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(24), 15802–15808 (2016).
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Y. J. Kim, Y. J. Yoo, G. J. Lee, D. E. Yoo, D. W. Lee, V. Siva, H. Song, I. S. Kang, and Y. M. Song, “Enlarged color gamut representation enabled by transferable silicon nanowire arrays on metal-insulator-metal films,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 11(12), 11849–11856 (2019).
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G. J. Lee, Y. J. Kim, H. M. Kim, Y. J. Yoo, and Y. M. Song, “Colored, daytime radiative coolers with thin-film resonators for aesthetic purposes,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(22), 1800707 (2018).
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Z. Dong, J. Ho, Y. F. Yu, Y. H. Fu, R. Paniagua-Dominguez, S. Wang, A. I. Kuznetsov, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing beyond sRGB color gamut by mimicking silicon nanostructures in free-space,” Nano Lett. 17(12), 7620–7628 (2017).
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S. Dutta Choudhury, R. Badugu, K. Ray, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Directional emission from metal–dielectric–metal structures: effect of mixed metal layers, dye location, and dielectric thickness,” J. Phys. Chem. C 119(6), 3302–3311 (2015).
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Y. J. Kim, Y. J. Yoo, G. J. Lee, D. E. Yoo, D. W. Lee, V. Siva, H. Song, I. S. Kang, and Y. M. Song, “Enlarged color gamut representation enabled by transferable silicon nanowire arrays on metal-insulator-metal films,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 11(12), 11849–11856 (2019).
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Y. J. Kim, Y. J. Yoo, G. J. Lee, D. E. Yoo, D. W. Lee, V. Siva, H. Song, I. S. Kang, and Y. M. Song, “Enlarged color gamut representation enabled by transferable silicon nanowire arrays on metal-insulator-metal films,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 11(12), 11849–11856 (2019).
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G. J. Lee, Y. J. Kim, H. M. Kim, Y. J. Yoo, and Y. M. Song, “Colored, daytime radiative coolers with thin-film resonators for aesthetic purposes,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(22), 1800707 (2018).
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J. H. Han, D. Kim, T.-W. Lee, Y. Jeon, H. S. Lee, and K. C. Choi, “Color purifying optical nanothin film for three primary colors in optoelectronics,” ACS Photonics 5(8), 3322–3330 (2018).
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J. Guo, C. M. Huard, Y. Yang, Y. J. Shin, K. Lee, and L. J. Guo, “ITO-free, compact, color liquid crystal devices using integrated structural color filters and graphene electrodes,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(5), 435–441 (2014).
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K.-T. Lee, D. Kang, H. J. Park, D. H. Park, and S. Han, “Design of polarization-independent and wide-angle broadband absorbers for highly efficient reflective structural color filters,” Materials 12(7), 1050 (2019).
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Y. S. Do, J. H. Park, B. Y. Hwang, S. Lee, B. Ju, and K. C. Choi, “Plasmonic color filter and its fabrication for large-area applications,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(2), 133–138 (2013).
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S. U. Lee and B.-K. Ju, “Wide-gamut plasmonic color filters using a complementary design method,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 40649 (2017).
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H. N. Umh, S. Yu, Y. H. Kim, S. Y. Lee, and J. Yi, “Tuning the structural color of a 2D photonic crystal using a bowl-like nanostructure,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(24), 15802–15808 (2016).
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C.-S. Park, V. R. Shrestha, S.-S. Lee, and D.-Y. Choi, “Trans-reflective color filters based on a phase compensated etalon enabling adjustable color saturation,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25496 (2016).
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M. Song, X. Li, M. Pu, Y. Guo, K. Liu, H. Yu, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “Color display and encryption with a plasmonic polarizing metamirror,” Nanophotonics 7(1), 323–331 (2018).
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S. Song, X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, K. Liu, P. Gao, Z. Zhao, Y. Wang, C. Wang, and X. Luo, “Actively tunable structural color rendering with tensile substrate,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(9), 1600829 (2017).
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Li, Z.

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G. Si, Y. Zhao, J. Lv, M. Lu, F. Wang, H. Liu, N. Xiang, T. J. Huang, A. J. Danner, and J. Teng, “Reflective plasmonic color filters based on lithographically patterned silver nanorod arrays,” Nanoscale 5(14), 6243–6248 (2013).
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M. Song, X. Li, M. Pu, Y. Guo, K. Liu, H. Yu, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “Color display and encryption with a plasmonic polarizing metamirror,” Nanophotonics 7(1), 323–331 (2018).
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S. Song, X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, K. Liu, P. Gao, Z. Zhao, Y. Wang, C. Wang, and X. Luo, “Actively tunable structural color rendering with tensile substrate,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(9), 1600829 (2017).
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B. Yang, W. Liu, Z. Li, H. Cheng, D.-Y. Choi, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Ultra-highly saturated structural colors enhanced by multipolar-modulated metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 19(7), 4221–4228 (2019).
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K. Mao, W. Shen, C. Yang, X. Fang, W. Yuan, Y. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Angle insensitive color filters in transmission covering the visible region,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 19289 (2016).
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C. Yang, W. Shen, Y. Zhang, K. Li, X. Fang, X. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Compact multilayer film structure for angle insensitive color filtering,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9285 (2015).
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G. Si, Y. Zhao, J. Lv, M. Lu, F. Wang, H. Liu, N. Xiang, T. J. Huang, A. J. Danner, and J. Teng, “Reflective plasmonic color filters based on lithographically patterned silver nanorod arrays,” Nanoscale 5(14), 6243–6248 (2013).
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S. Song, X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, K. Liu, P. Gao, Z. Zhao, Y. Wang, C. Wang, and X. Luo, “Actively tunable structural color rendering with tensile substrate,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(9), 1600829 (2017).
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G. Si, Y. Zhao, J. Lv, M. Lu, F. Wang, H. Liu, N. Xiang, T. J. Huang, A. J. Danner, and J. Teng, “Reflective plasmonic color filters based on lithographically patterned silver nanorod arrays,” Nanoscale 5(14), 6243–6248 (2013).
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M. Song, X. Li, M. Pu, Y. Guo, K. Liu, H. Yu, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “Color display and encryption with a plasmonic polarizing metamirror,” Nanophotonics 7(1), 323–331 (2018).
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S. Song, X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, K. Liu, P. Gao, Z. Zhao, Y. Wang, C. Wang, and X. Luo, “Actively tunable structural color rendering with tensile substrate,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(9), 1600829 (2017).
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Mao, K.

K. Mao, W. Shen, C. Yang, X. Fang, W. Yuan, Y. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Angle insensitive color filters in transmission covering the visible region,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 19289 (2016).
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S. S. Mirshafieyan and D. A. Gregory, “Electrically tunable perfect light absorbers as color filters and modulators,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 2635 (2018).
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A. Tixier, Y. Mita, J. P. Gouy, and H. Fujita, “A silicon shadow mask for deposition on isolated areas,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 10(2), 157–162 (2000).
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H. Haneishi, T. Suzuki, N. Shimoyama, and Y. Miyake, “Color digital halftoning taking colorimetric color reproduction into account,” J. Electron. Imaging 5(1), 97–107 (1996).
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W. S. Mokrzycki and M. Tatol, “Color difference Delta E-A survey,” Mach. Graph. Vis. 20(4), 383–411 (2011).

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R. Mudachathi and T. Tanaka, “Up scalable full colour plasmonic pixels with controllable hue, brightness and saturation,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 1199 (2017).
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M. Aalizadeh, A. E. Serebryannikov, A. Khavasi, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, and E. Ozbay, “Toward electrically tunable, lithography-free, ultra-thin color filters covering the whole visible spectrum,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 11316 (2018).
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Z. Dong, J. Ho, Y. F. Yu, Y. H. Fu, R. Paniagua-Dominguez, S. Wang, A. I. Kuznetsov, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing beyond sRGB color gamut by mimicking silicon nanostructures in free-space,” Nano Lett. 17(12), 7620–7628 (2017).
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C.-S. Park, V. R. Shrestha, S.-S. Lee, and D.-Y. Choi, “Trans-reflective color filters based on a phase compensated etalon enabling adjustable color saturation,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25496 (2016).
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Park, D. H.

K.-T. Lee, D. Kang, H. J. Park, D. H. Park, and S. Han, “Design of polarization-independent and wide-angle broadband absorbers for highly efficient reflective structural color filters,” Materials 12(7), 1050 (2019).
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K.-T. Lee, D. Kang, H. J. Park, D. H. Park, and S. Han, “Design of polarization-independent and wide-angle broadband absorbers for highly efficient reflective structural color filters,” Materials 12(7), 1050 (2019).
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Y. S. Do, J. H. Park, B. Y. Hwang, S. Lee, B. Ju, and K. C. Choi, “Plasmonic color filter and its fabrication for large-area applications,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(2), 133–138 (2013).
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Pu, M.

M. Song, X. Li, M. Pu, Y. Guo, K. Liu, H. Yu, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “Color display and encryption with a plasmonic polarizing metamirror,” Nanophotonics 7(1), 323–331 (2018).
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S. Song, X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, K. Liu, P. Gao, Z. Zhao, Y. Wang, C. Wang, and X. Luo, “Actively tunable structural color rendering with tensile substrate,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(9), 1600829 (2017).
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Ray, K.

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K. Mao, W. Shen, C. Yang, X. Fang, W. Yuan, Y. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Angle insensitive color filters in transmission covering the visible region,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 19289 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Yang, W. Shen, Y. Zhang, K. Li, X. Fang, X. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Compact multilayer film structure for angle insensitive color filtering,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9285 (2015).
[Crossref]

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H. Haneishi, T. Suzuki, N. Shimoyama, and Y. Miyake, “Color digital halftoning taking colorimetric color reproduction into account,” J. Electron. Imaging 5(1), 97–107 (1996).
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J. Guo, C. M. Huard, Y. Yang, Y. J. Shin, K. Lee, and L. J. Guo, “ITO-free, compact, color liquid crystal devices using integrated structural color filters and graphene electrodes,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(5), 435–441 (2014).
[Crossref]

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C.-S. Park, V. R. Shrestha, S.-S. Lee, and D.-Y. Choi, “Trans-reflective color filters based on a phase compensated etalon enabling adjustable color saturation,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25496 (2016).
[Crossref]

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G. Si, Y. Zhao, J. Lv, M. Lu, F. Wang, H. Liu, N. Xiang, T. J. Huang, A. J. Danner, and J. Teng, “Reflective plasmonic color filters based on lithographically patterned silver nanorod arrays,” Nanoscale 5(14), 6243–6248 (2013).
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Y. J. Kim, Y. J. Yoo, G. J. Lee, D. E. Yoo, D. W. Lee, V. Siva, H. Song, I. S. Kang, and Y. M. Song, “Enlarged color gamut representation enabled by transferable silicon nanowire arrays on metal-insulator-metal films,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 11(12), 11849–11856 (2019).
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Y. J. Kim, Y. J. Yoo, G. J. Lee, D. E. Yoo, D. W. Lee, V. Siva, H. Song, I. S. Kang, and Y. M. Song, “Enlarged color gamut representation enabled by transferable silicon nanowire arrays on metal-insulator-metal films,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 11(12), 11849–11856 (2019).
[Crossref]

Song, M.

M. Song, X. Li, M. Pu, Y. Guo, K. Liu, H. Yu, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “Color display and encryption with a plasmonic polarizing metamirror,” Nanophotonics 7(1), 323–331 (2018).
[Crossref]

Song, S.

S. Song, X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, K. Liu, P. Gao, Z. Zhao, Y. Wang, C. Wang, and X. Luo, “Actively tunable structural color rendering with tensile substrate,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(9), 1600829 (2017).
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Y. J. Kim, Y. J. Yoo, G. J. Lee, D. E. Yoo, D. W. Lee, V. Siva, H. Song, I. S. Kang, and Y. M. Song, “Enlarged color gamut representation enabled by transferable silicon nanowire arrays on metal-insulator-metal films,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 11(12), 11849–11856 (2019).
[Crossref]

G. J. Lee, Y. J. Kim, H. M. Kim, Y. J. Yoo, and Y. M. Song, “Colored, daytime radiative coolers with thin-film resonators for aesthetic purposes,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(22), 1800707 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Yoo, J. H. Lim, G. J. Lee, K.-I. Jang, and Y. M. Song, “Ultra-thin films with highly absorbent porous media fine-tunable for coloration and enhanced color purity,” Nanoscale 9(9), 2986–2991 (2017).
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R. Mudachathi and T. Tanaka, “Up scalable full colour plasmonic pixels with controllable hue, brightness and saturation,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 1199 (2017).
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W. S. Mokrzycki and M. Tatol, “Color difference Delta E-A survey,” Mach. Graph. Vis. 20(4), 383–411 (2011).

Teng, J.

G. Si, Y. Zhao, J. Lv, M. Lu, F. Wang, H. Liu, N. Xiang, T. J. Huang, A. J. Danner, and J. Teng, “Reflective plasmonic color filters based on lithographically patterned silver nanorod arrays,” Nanoscale 5(14), 6243–6248 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tian, J.

B. Yang, W. Liu, Z. Li, H. Cheng, D.-Y. Choi, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Ultra-highly saturated structural colors enhanced by multipolar-modulated metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 19(7), 4221–4228 (2019).
[Crossref]

Tixier, A.

A. Tixier, Y. Mita, J. P. Gouy, and H. Fujita, “A silicon shadow mask for deposition on isolated areas,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 10(2), 157–162 (2000).
[Crossref]

Umh, H. N.

H. N. Umh, S. Yu, Y. H. Kim, S. Y. Lee, and J. Yi, “Tuning the structural color of a 2D photonic crystal using a bowl-like nanostructure,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(24), 15802–15808 (2016).
[Crossref]

Vandenbosch, G. A. E.

M. Aalizadeh, A. E. Serebryannikov, A. Khavasi, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, and E. Ozbay, “Toward electrically tunable, lithography-free, ultra-thin color filters covering the whole visible spectrum,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 11316 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

S. Song, X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, K. Liu, P. Gao, Z. Zhao, Y. Wang, C. Wang, and X. Luo, “Actively tunable structural color rendering with tensile substrate,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(9), 1600829 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, F.

G. Si, Y. Zhao, J. Lv, M. Lu, F. Wang, H. Liu, N. Xiang, T. J. Huang, A. J. Danner, and J. Teng, “Reflective plasmonic color filters based on lithographically patterned silver nanorod arrays,” Nanoscale 5(14), 6243–6248 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, S.

Z. Dong, J. Ho, Y. F. Yu, Y. H. Fu, R. Paniagua-Dominguez, S. Wang, A. I. Kuznetsov, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing beyond sRGB color gamut by mimicking silicon nanostructures in free-space,” Nano Lett. 17(12), 7620–7628 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

S. Song, X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, K. Liu, P. Gao, Z. Zhao, Y. Wang, C. Wang, and X. Luo, “Actively tunable structural color rendering with tensile substrate,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(9), 1600829 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y.-K.

T. Xu, Y.-K. Wu, X. Luo, and L. J. Guo, “Plasmonic nanoresonators for high-resolution colour filtering and spectral imaging,” Nat. Commun. 1(1), 59 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xiang, N.

G. Si, Y. Zhao, J. Lv, M. Lu, F. Wang, H. Liu, N. Xiang, T. J. Huang, A. J. Danner, and J. Teng, “Reflective plasmonic color filters based on lithographically patterned silver nanorod arrays,” Nanoscale 5(14), 6243–6248 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, T.

T. Xu, Y.-K. Wu, X. Luo, and L. J. Guo, “Plasmonic nanoresonators for high-resolution colour filtering and spectral imaging,” Nat. Commun. 1(1), 59 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yang, B.

B. Yang, W. Liu, Z. Li, H. Cheng, D.-Y. Choi, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Ultra-highly saturated structural colors enhanced by multipolar-modulated metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 19(7), 4221–4228 (2019).
[Crossref]

Yang, C.

K. Mao, W. Shen, C. Yang, X. Fang, W. Yuan, Y. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Angle insensitive color filters in transmission covering the visible region,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 19289 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Yang, W. Shen, Y. Zhang, K. Li, X. Fang, X. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Compact multilayer film structure for angle insensitive color filtering,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9285 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, J. K. W.

Z. Dong, J. Ho, Y. F. Yu, Y. H. Fu, R. Paniagua-Dominguez, S. Wang, A. I. Kuznetsov, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing beyond sRGB color gamut by mimicking silicon nanostructures in free-space,” Nano Lett. 17(12), 7620–7628 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, X.

F. Cheng, J. Gao, T. S. Luk, and X. Yang, “Structural color printing based on plasmonic metasurfaces of perfect light absorption,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 11045 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

J. Guo, C. M. Huard, Y. Yang, Y. J. Shin, K. Lee, and L. J. Guo, “ITO-free, compact, color liquid crystal devices using integrated structural color filters and graphene electrodes,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(5), 435–441 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yi, J.

H. N. Umh, S. Yu, Y. H. Kim, S. Y. Lee, and J. Yi, “Tuning the structural color of a 2D photonic crystal using a bowl-like nanostructure,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(24), 15802–15808 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yoo, D. E.

Y. J. Kim, Y. J. Yoo, G. J. Lee, D. E. Yoo, D. W. Lee, V. Siva, H. Song, I. S. Kang, and Y. M. Song, “Enlarged color gamut representation enabled by transferable silicon nanowire arrays on metal-insulator-metal films,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 11(12), 11849–11856 (2019).
[Crossref]

Yoo, Y. J.

Y. J. Kim, Y. J. Yoo, G. J. Lee, D. E. Yoo, D. W. Lee, V. Siva, H. Song, I. S. Kang, and Y. M. Song, “Enlarged color gamut representation enabled by transferable silicon nanowire arrays on metal-insulator-metal films,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 11(12), 11849–11856 (2019).
[Crossref]

G. J. Lee, Y. J. Kim, H. M. Kim, Y. J. Yoo, and Y. M. Song, “Colored, daytime radiative coolers with thin-film resonators for aesthetic purposes,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(22), 1800707 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Yoo, J. H. Lim, G. J. Lee, K.-I. Jang, and Y. M. Song, “Ultra-thin films with highly absorbent porous media fine-tunable for coloration and enhanced color purity,” Nanoscale 9(9), 2986–2991 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yoon, Y.-T.

Yu, H.

M. Song, X. Li, M. Pu, Y. Guo, K. Liu, H. Yu, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “Color display and encryption with a plasmonic polarizing metamirror,” Nanophotonics 7(1), 323–331 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yu, S.

H. N. Umh, S. Yu, Y. H. Kim, S. Y. Lee, and J. Yi, “Tuning the structural color of a 2D photonic crystal using a bowl-like nanostructure,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(24), 15802–15808 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yu, Y. F.

Z. Dong, J. Ho, Y. F. Yu, Y. H. Fu, R. Paniagua-Dominguez, S. Wang, A. I. Kuznetsov, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing beyond sRGB color gamut by mimicking silicon nanostructures in free-space,” Nano Lett. 17(12), 7620–7628 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yuan, W.

K. Mao, W. Shen, C. Yang, X. Fang, W. Yuan, Y. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Angle insensitive color filters in transmission covering the visible region,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 19289 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

C. Yang, W. Shen, Y. Zhang, K. Li, X. Fang, X. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Compact multilayer film structure for angle insensitive color filtering,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9285 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

K. Mao, W. Shen, C. Yang, X. Fang, W. Yuan, Y. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Angle insensitive color filters in transmission covering the visible region,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 19289 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Yang, W. Shen, Y. Zhang, K. Li, X. Fang, X. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Compact multilayer film structure for angle insensitive color filtering,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9285 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y.

G. Si, Y. Zhao, J. Lv, M. Lu, F. Wang, H. Liu, N. Xiang, T. J. Huang, A. J. Danner, and J. Teng, “Reflective plasmonic color filters based on lithographically patterned silver nanorod arrays,” Nanoscale 5(14), 6243–6248 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Z.

S. Song, X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, K. Liu, P. Gao, Z. Zhao, Y. Wang, C. Wang, and X. Luo, “Actively tunable structural color rendering with tensile substrate,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(9), 1600829 (2017).
[Crossref]

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (2)

H. N. Umh, S. Yu, Y. H. Kim, S. Y. Lee, and J. Yi, “Tuning the structural color of a 2D photonic crystal using a bowl-like nanostructure,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(24), 15802–15808 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Kim, Y. J. Yoo, G. J. Lee, D. E. Yoo, D. W. Lee, V. Siva, H. Song, I. S. Kang, and Y. M. Song, “Enlarged color gamut representation enabled by transferable silicon nanowire arrays on metal-insulator-metal films,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 11(12), 11849–11856 (2019).
[Crossref]

ACS Nano (1)

Z. Li, A. W. Clark, and J. M. Cooper, “Dual color plasmonic pixels create a polarization controlled nano color palette,” ACS Nano 10(1), 492–498 (2016).
[Crossref]

ACS Photonics (2)

Z. Li, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Large-area, lithography-free super absorbers and color filters at visible frequencies using ultrathin metallic films,” ACS Photonics 2(2), 183–188 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. H. Han, D. Kim, T.-W. Lee, Y. Jeon, H. S. Lee, and K. C. Choi, “Color purifying optical nanothin film for three primary colors in optoelectronics,” ACS Photonics 5(8), 3322–3330 (2018).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (4)

G. J. Lee, Y. J. Kim, H. M. Kim, Y. J. Yoo, and Y. M. Song, “Colored, daytime radiative coolers with thin-film resonators for aesthetic purposes,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(22), 1800707 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Song, X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, K. Liu, P. Gao, Z. Zhao, Y. Wang, C. Wang, and X. Luo, “Actively tunable structural color rendering with tensile substrate,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(9), 1600829 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Guo, C. M. Huard, Y. Yang, Y. J. Shin, K. Lee, and L. J. Guo, “ITO-free, compact, color liquid crystal devices using integrated structural color filters and graphene electrodes,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(5), 435–441 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. S. Do, J. H. Park, B. Y. Hwang, S. Lee, B. Ju, and K. C. Choi, “Plasmonic color filter and its fabrication for large-area applications,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(2), 133–138 (2013).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Displays (1)

R. W. Sabnis, “Color filter technology for liquid crystal displays,” Displays 20(3), 119–129 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Electron. Imaging (1)

H. Haneishi, T. Suzuki, N. Shimoyama, and Y. Miyake, “Color digital halftoning taking colorimetric color reproduction into account,” J. Electron. Imaging 5(1), 97–107 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. Micromech. Microeng. (1)

A. Tixier, Y. Mita, J. P. Gouy, and H. Fujita, “A silicon shadow mask for deposition on isolated areas,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 10(2), 157–162 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. (1)

Z. Li, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Lithography-free transmission filters at ultraviolet frequencies using ultra-thin aluminum films,” J. Opt. 18(6), 065006 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

S. Dutta Choudhury, R. Badugu, K. Ray, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Directional emission from metal–dielectric–metal structures: effect of mixed metal layers, dye location, and dielectric thickness,” J. Phys. Chem. C 119(6), 3302–3311 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mach. Graph. Vis. (1)

W. S. Mokrzycki and M. Tatol, “Color difference Delta E-A survey,” Mach. Graph. Vis. 20(4), 383–411 (2011).

Materials (1)

K.-T. Lee, D. Kang, H. J. Park, D. H. Park, and S. Han, “Design of polarization-independent and wide-angle broadband absorbers for highly efficient reflective structural color filters,” Materials 12(7), 1050 (2019).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (3)

K. Diest, J. A. Dionne, M. Spain, and H. A. Atwater, “Tunable color filters based on metal− insulator− metal resonators,” Nano Lett. 9(7), 2579–2583 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. Yang, W. Liu, Z. Li, H. Cheng, D.-Y. Choi, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Ultra-highly saturated structural colors enhanced by multipolar-modulated metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 19(7), 4221–4228 (2019).
[Crossref]

Z. Dong, J. Ho, Y. F. Yu, Y. H. Fu, R. Paniagua-Dominguez, S. Wang, A. I. Kuznetsov, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing beyond sRGB color gamut by mimicking silicon nanostructures in free-space,” Nano Lett. 17(12), 7620–7628 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nanophotonics (1)

M. Song, X. Li, M. Pu, Y. Guo, K. Liu, H. Yu, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “Color display and encryption with a plasmonic polarizing metamirror,” Nanophotonics 7(1), 323–331 (2018).
[Crossref]

Nanoscale (2)

Y. J. Yoo, J. H. Lim, G. J. Lee, K.-I. Jang, and Y. M. Song, “Ultra-thin films with highly absorbent porous media fine-tunable for coloration and enhanced color purity,” Nanoscale 9(9), 2986–2991 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. Si, Y. Zhao, J. Lv, M. Lu, F. Wang, H. Liu, N. Xiang, T. J. Huang, A. J. Danner, and J. Teng, “Reflective plasmonic color filters based on lithographically patterned silver nanorod arrays,” Nanoscale 5(14), 6243–6248 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

T. Xu, Y.-K. Wu, X. Luo, and L. J. Guo, “Plasmonic nanoresonators for high-resolution colour filtering and spectral imaging,” Nat. Commun. 1(1), 59 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nat. Mater. (1)

M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Nanometre optical coatings based on strong interference effects in highly absorbing media,” Nat. Mater. 12(1), 20–24 (2013).
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Opt. Express (1)

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Proc. SPIE (1)

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Sci. Rep. (8)

M. Aalizadeh, A. E. Serebryannikov, A. Khavasi, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, and E. Ozbay, “Toward electrically tunable, lithography-free, ultra-thin color filters covering the whole visible spectrum,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 11316 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. Mao, W. Shen, C. Yang, X. Fang, W. Yuan, Y. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Angle insensitive color filters in transmission covering the visible region,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 19289 (2016).
[Crossref]

C.-S. Park, V. R. Shrestha, S.-S. Lee, and D.-Y. Choi, “Trans-reflective color filters based on a phase compensated etalon enabling adjustable color saturation,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 25496 (2016).
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S. S. Mirshafieyan and D. A. Gregory, “Electrically tunable perfect light absorbers as color filters and modulators,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 2635 (2018).
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R. Mudachathi and T. Tanaka, “Up scalable full colour plasmonic pixels with controllable hue, brightness and saturation,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 1199 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Cheng, J. Gao, T. S. Luk, and X. Yang, “Structural color printing based on plasmonic metasurfaces of perfect light absorption,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 11045 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. U. Lee and B.-K. Ju, “Wide-gamut plasmonic color filters using a complementary design method,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 40649 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Yang, W. Shen, Y. Zhang, K. Li, X. Fang, X. Zhang, and X. Liu, “Compact multilayer film structure for angle insensitive color filtering,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9285 (2015).
[Crossref]

Trans. Opt. Soc., London (1)

T. Smith and J. Guild, “The CIE colorimetric standards and their use,” Trans. Opt. Soc., London 33(3), 73–134 (1931).
[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) Schematic illustration of MIMIM structures for RGB coloration, MI layer, and MIM structure. (b) Absorption profiles of MIM 1 (Au (5 nm)/SiO2 (70 nm)/Au), MIM 2 (Ti (5 nm)/SiO2 (240 nm)/Au) and red-colored MIMIM (Au (5 nm)/SiO2 (70 nm)/Ti (5 nm)/SiO2 (240 nm)/Au) at 486 nm wavelength. (c) MIM and MIMIM structures for RGB coloration, corresponding colors of structures, and calculated reflectance spectra of the MIMIM and MIM structures with different metals (i.e., Au, Ag, and Ti) and different thicknesses of layers. (d) Corresponding chromaticity coordinates from the measured reflectance spectra in (c).
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) Schematic illustration of an MIM structure with substrate M1, insulator I1, and top metal film M2 with labeled thicknesses (hi1 and hm2). (b) Refractive indices and extinction coefficients of different metals (i.e., Ag, Au, and Ti). (c) Calculated reflectance contour maps of the MIM structures with different top metals as a function of hm2 from 5 to 20 nm. (d) Contour plots of reflectance variation for the MIM structures with different M1 (Ag and Au) as a function of hi1.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Schematic illustration of the MIMIM structure with substrate M1, insulators I1, I2, and metal films M2, M3 with labeled thicknesses (hi1, hi2, hm2, and hm3). (b) Calculated reflectance spectra of the lower MIM structure (i.e., Au (10 nm)/SiO2 (110-170 nm)/Ag), upper MIM structure (i.e., Ag (10 nm)/SiO2 (90 nm)/Ag), and MIMIM structure (i.e., Ag (10 nm)/SiO2 (90 nm)/Au (10 nm)/SiO2 (110-170 nm)/Ag). (c) Reflectance spectra of the lower MIM structure (i.e., Ti (10 nm)/SiO2 (100-140 nm)/Ag), upper MIM structure (i.e., Ag (10 nm)/SiO2 (90 nm)/Au), and MIMIM structure (i.e., Ag (10 nm)/SiO2 (90 nm)/Ti (10 nm)/SiO2 (100-140 nm)/Ag). (d) Calculated reflectance spectra of the switched MIMIM structures (i.e., Ag (10 nm)/SiO2 (90 nm)/Au (10 nm)/SiO2 (110-170 nm)/Ag and Au (10 nm)/SiO2 (110-170 nm)/Ag (10 nm)/SiO2 (90 nm)/Ag) as a function of hi1 and hi2, respectively. (e) Reflectance spectra of the MIMIM structures with different substrates (i.e., Ag and Au).
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) Color representations of the red structure (Au (5 nm)/SiO2 (70 nm)/Ti (15 nm)/SiO2 (240 nm)/Au), green structure (Ti (5 nm)/SiO2 (60 nm)/Au (15 nm)/SiO2 (305 nm)/Au), and blue structure (Ti (5 nm)/SiO2 (50 nm)/Ti (5 nm)/SiO2 (60 nm)/Ag) with different hi1 and hm2. (b) 3D contour map of color purity as a function of hi1 and hi2. (c) Reflectance spectra for the RGB structures with different hi2 as a function of hi2 (0-80 nm). (d) Chromaticity diagrams corresponding to (c).
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a) Scanning electron microscope (SEM) images of experimental red (i.e., Au(5)/SiO2(70)/Ti(15)/SiO2(240)/Au), green (i.e., Ti(5)/SiO2(60)/Au(15)/SiO2(305)/Au), and blue (i.e., Ti(5)/SiO2(50)/Ti(5)/SiO2(60)/Ag) samples (×50,000 original magnification). (b) Reflectance spectra of the calculated RGB structures in (a). (c) Measured reflectance spectra of the experimental RGB samples in (a). (d) Calculated RGB colors (i, ii, iii) and experimental RGB colors (i*, ii*, iii*) for MIMIM structures. (e) Corresponding chromaticity coordinates of (c).

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