Abstract

Mid-infrared optical gain has been successfully demonstrated by cobalt-doped cadmium telluride using a double-pass amplification technique. A 3.7 µm interband cascade laser was amplified by resonantly pumping Co:CdTe with a 2.8 µm continuous-wave Er-fiber laser. Cobalt-doped-chalcogenide gain media have been of considerable interest because they emit within the 3 – 5 µm atmospheric transmission window, contain broad emission characteristics and have relatively long radiative lifetimes. A measurable gain of 2.8 on the 4A24T2 transition is reported.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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  1. I. Vurgaftman, R. Weih, M. Kamp, J. Meyer, C. Canedy, C. Kim, M. Kim, W. Bewley, C. Merritt, J. Abell, and S. Hoefling, “Interband cascade lasers,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 48, 123001 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  2. S. Vasilyev, I. Moskalev, M. Mirov, V. Smolsky, S. Mirov, and V. Gapontsev, “Recent breakthroughs in solid-state mid-ir laser technology: Lasers based on transition metal doped ii-vi chalcogenides are coming of age for practical applications,” Laser Tech. J. 13, 24–27 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  3. L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885–895 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  4. T. J. Carrig, “Transition-metal-doped chalcogenide lasers,” J. Electron. Mater. 31, 759–769 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  5. S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. Mirov, and S. Vasilyev, “Progress in mid-IR lasers based on Cr and Fe-doped II–VI chalcogenides,” IEEE J. selected topics quantum electronics 21, 292–310 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  6. S. Mirov, I. Moskalev, S. Vasilyev, V. Smolski, V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, J. Peppers, M. Mirov, A. Dergachev, and V. Gapontsev, “Frontiers of mid-IE lasers based on transition metal doped chalcogenides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 5 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  7. A. Bluiett, U. Hömmerich, R. Shah, S. Trivedi, S. Kutcher, and C. Wang, “Observation of lasing from Cr2+:CdTe and compositional effects in Cr2+-doped II-VI semiconductors,” J. Electron. Mater. 31, 806–810 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  8. J. McKay, K. L. Schepler, and G. C. Catella, “Efficient grating-tuned mid-infrared Cr2+:CdSe laser,” Opt. letters 24, 1575–1577 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  9. M. K. Tarabrin, A. Kovtun, V. Lazarev, V. Karasik, A. Kireev, V. Kozlovsky, Y. Korostelin, Y. Podmar’kov, M. Frolov, and M. Gubin, “Tunable CW Solid-State Mid-IR Cr2+:CdSe Single Crystal Laser with Diode Laser Array Pumping,” in “Advanced Solid State Lasers,” (Optical Society of America, 2015), AMSA 34.
  10. J. W. Evans, B. D. Dolasinski, T. R. Harris, J. W. Cleary, and P. A. Berry, “Demonstration and power scaling of an Fe:CdMnTe laser at 5.2 microns,” Opt. Mater. Express 7, 860–867 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  11. M. Doroshenko, V. Osiko, H. Jelinkova, M. Jelinek, J. Sulc, D. Vyhidal, N. Kovalenko, and I. Terzin, “Spectral and lasing characteristics of Fe:Cd1-xMnxTe (x = 0.1 - 0.76) crystals in the temperature range 77 to 300 K,” Opt. Mater. Express 8, 1708–1722 (2018).
    [Crossref]
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  13. E. Rzepka, Y. Marfaing, M. Cuniot, and R. Triboulet, “Deep centres for optical processing in CdTe,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 16, 262–267 (1993).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  15. J. M. Peppers, “Study of cobalt, cobalt-iron, and chromium doped ii-vi media for laser applications,” Ph.D. thesis, The University of Alabama at Birmingham (2016).
  16. E. J. Turner, J. Evans, and T. Harris, “Optical spectroscopy of cobalt-doped cadmium telluride,” in “Solid State Lasers XXVII: Technology and Devices,” (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2018), p. 105111O.
  17. E. J. Turner, S. McDaniel, and J. Evans, “Performance evaluation of Co2+:CdTe as an optical gain medium,” in “Laser Technology for Defense and Security XIV,” (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2018), p. 106370W.
  18. J. W. Evans, T. R. Harris, E. J. Turner, M. M. Kimani, J. M. Mann, R. W. Stites, G. Cook, and K. L. Schepler, “Re-absorption and nonradiative energy transfer in vibronic laser gain media,” in “Solid State Lasers XXVII: Technology and Devices,” (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2018), p. 105110I.
  19. A. Strauss, “The physical properties of cadmium telluride,” Revue de Physique Appliquée 12, 167–184 (1977).
    [Crossref]

2018 (2)

S. Mirov, I. Moskalev, S. Vasilyev, V. Smolski, V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, J. Peppers, M. Mirov, A. Dergachev, and V. Gapontsev, “Frontiers of mid-IE lasers based on transition metal doped chalcogenides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 5 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Doroshenko, V. Osiko, H. Jelinkova, M. Jelinek, J. Sulc, D. Vyhidal, N. Kovalenko, and I. Terzin, “Spectral and lasing characteristics of Fe:Cd1-xMnxTe (x = 0.1 - 0.76) crystals in the temperature range 77 to 300 K,” Opt. Mater. Express 8, 1708–1722 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (1)

2016 (1)

S. Vasilyev, I. Moskalev, M. Mirov, V. Smolsky, S. Mirov, and V. Gapontsev, “Recent breakthroughs in solid-state mid-ir laser technology: Lasers based on transition metal doped ii-vi chalcogenides are coming of age for practical applications,” Laser Tech. J. 13, 24–27 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

I. Vurgaftman, R. Weih, M. Kamp, J. Meyer, C. Canedy, C. Kim, M. Kim, W. Bewley, C. Merritt, J. Abell, and S. Hoefling, “Interband cascade lasers,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 48, 123001 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. Mirov, and S. Vasilyev, “Progress in mid-IR lasers based on Cr and Fe-doped II–VI chalcogenides,” IEEE J. selected topics quantum electronics 21, 292–310 (2015).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

A. Bluiett, U. Hömmerich, R. Shah, S. Trivedi, S. Kutcher, and C. Wang, “Observation of lasing from Cr2+:CdTe and compositional effects in Cr2+-doped II-VI semiconductors,” J. Electron. Mater. 31, 806–810 (2002).
[Crossref]

T. J. Carrig, “Transition-metal-doped chalcogenide lasers,” J. Electron. Mater. 31, 759–769 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

S. Trivedi, S. Kutcher, C. Wang, G. Jagannathan, U. Hömmerich, A. Bluiett, M. Turner, J. T. Seo, K. L. Schepler, B. Schumm, P. Boyd, and G. Green, “Transition metal doped cadmium manganese telluride: A new material for tunable mid-infrared lasing,” J. Electron. Mater. 30, 728–732 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

J. McKay, K. L. Schepler, and G. C. Catella, “Efficient grating-tuned mid-infrared Cr2+:CdSe laser,” Opt. letters 24, 1575–1577 (1999).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885–895 (1996).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

E. Rzepka, Y. Marfaing, M. Cuniot, and R. Triboulet, “Deep centres for optical processing in CdTe,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 16, 262–267 (1993).
[Crossref]

1977 (1)

A. Strauss, “The physical properties of cadmium telluride,” Revue de Physique Appliquée 12, 167–184 (1977).
[Crossref]

Abell, J.

I. Vurgaftman, R. Weih, M. Kamp, J. Meyer, C. Canedy, C. Kim, M. Kim, W. Bewley, C. Merritt, J. Abell, and S. Hoefling, “Interband cascade lasers,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 48, 123001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Berry, P. A.

Bewley, W.

I. Vurgaftman, R. Weih, M. Kamp, J. Meyer, C. Canedy, C. Kim, M. Kim, W. Bewley, C. Merritt, J. Abell, and S. Hoefling, “Interband cascade lasers,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 48, 123001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bluiett, A.

A. Bluiett, U. Hömmerich, R. Shah, S. Trivedi, S. Kutcher, and C. Wang, “Observation of lasing from Cr2+:CdTe and compositional effects in Cr2+-doped II-VI semiconductors,” J. Electron. Mater. 31, 806–810 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. Trivedi, S. Kutcher, C. Wang, G. Jagannathan, U. Hömmerich, A. Bluiett, M. Turner, J. T. Seo, K. L. Schepler, B. Schumm, P. Boyd, and G. Green, “Transition metal doped cadmium manganese telluride: A new material for tunable mid-infrared lasing,” J. Electron. Mater. 30, 728–732 (2001).
[Crossref]

Boyd, P.

S. Trivedi, S. Kutcher, C. Wang, G. Jagannathan, U. Hömmerich, A. Bluiett, M. Turner, J. T. Seo, K. L. Schepler, B. Schumm, P. Boyd, and G. Green, “Transition metal doped cadmium manganese telluride: A new material for tunable mid-infrared lasing,” J. Electron. Mater. 30, 728–732 (2001).
[Crossref]

Canedy, C.

I. Vurgaftman, R. Weih, M. Kamp, J. Meyer, C. Canedy, C. Kim, M. Kim, W. Bewley, C. Merritt, J. Abell, and S. Hoefling, “Interband cascade lasers,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 48, 123001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Carrig, T. J.

T. J. Carrig, “Transition-metal-doped chalcogenide lasers,” J. Electron. Mater. 31, 759–769 (2002).
[Crossref]

Catella, G. C.

J. McKay, K. L. Schepler, and G. C. Catella, “Efficient grating-tuned mid-infrared Cr2+:CdSe laser,” Opt. letters 24, 1575–1577 (1999).
[Crossref]

Cleary, J. W.

Cook, G.

J. W. Evans, T. R. Harris, E. J. Turner, M. M. Kimani, J. M. Mann, R. W. Stites, G. Cook, and K. L. Schepler, “Re-absorption and nonradiative energy transfer in vibronic laser gain media,” in “Solid State Lasers XXVII: Technology and Devices,” (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2018), p. 105110I.

Cuniot, M.

E. Rzepka, Y. Marfaing, M. Cuniot, and R. Triboulet, “Deep centres for optical processing in CdTe,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 16, 262–267 (1993).
[Crossref]

DeLoach, L. D.

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885–895 (1996).
[Crossref]

Dergachev, A.

S. Mirov, I. Moskalev, S. Vasilyev, V. Smolski, V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, J. Peppers, M. Mirov, A. Dergachev, and V. Gapontsev, “Frontiers of mid-IE lasers based on transition metal doped chalcogenides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 5 (2018).
[Crossref]

Dolasinski, B. D.

Doroshenko, M.

Ebrahim-Zadeh, M.

M. Ebrahim-Zadeh and I. T. Sorokina, Mid-infrared Coherent Sources and Applications (Springer Science & Business Media, 2007).

Evans, J.

E. J. Turner, S. McDaniel, and J. Evans, “Performance evaluation of Co2+:CdTe as an optical gain medium,” in “Laser Technology for Defense and Security XIV,” (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2018), p. 106370W.

E. J. Turner, J. Evans, and T. Harris, “Optical spectroscopy of cobalt-doped cadmium telluride,” in “Solid State Lasers XXVII: Technology and Devices,” (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2018), p. 105111O.

Evans, J. W.

J. W. Evans, B. D. Dolasinski, T. R. Harris, J. W. Cleary, and P. A. Berry, “Demonstration and power scaling of an Fe:CdMnTe laser at 5.2 microns,” Opt. Mater. Express 7, 860–867 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. W. Evans, T. R. Harris, E. J. Turner, M. M. Kimani, J. M. Mann, R. W. Stites, G. Cook, and K. L. Schepler, “Re-absorption and nonradiative energy transfer in vibronic laser gain media,” in “Solid State Lasers XXVII: Technology and Devices,” (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2018), p. 105110I.

Fedorov, V.

S. Mirov, I. Moskalev, S. Vasilyev, V. Smolski, V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, J. Peppers, M. Mirov, A. Dergachev, and V. Gapontsev, “Frontiers of mid-IE lasers based on transition metal doped chalcogenides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 5 (2018).
[Crossref]

Fedorov, V. V.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. Mirov, and S. Vasilyev, “Progress in mid-IR lasers based on Cr and Fe-doped II–VI chalcogenides,” IEEE J. selected topics quantum electronics 21, 292–310 (2015).
[Crossref]

Frolov, M.

M. K. Tarabrin, A. Kovtun, V. Lazarev, V. Karasik, A. Kireev, V. Kozlovsky, Y. Korostelin, Y. Podmar’kov, M. Frolov, and M. Gubin, “Tunable CW Solid-State Mid-IR Cr2+:CdSe Single Crystal Laser with Diode Laser Array Pumping,” in “Advanced Solid State Lasers,” (Optical Society of America, 2015), AMSA 34.

Gapontsev, V.

S. Mirov, I. Moskalev, S. Vasilyev, V. Smolski, V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, J. Peppers, M. Mirov, A. Dergachev, and V. Gapontsev, “Frontiers of mid-IE lasers based on transition metal doped chalcogenides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 5 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Vasilyev, I. Moskalev, M. Mirov, V. Smolsky, S. Mirov, and V. Gapontsev, “Recent breakthroughs in solid-state mid-ir laser technology: Lasers based on transition metal doped ii-vi chalcogenides are coming of age for practical applications,” Laser Tech. J. 13, 24–27 (2016).
[Crossref]

Green, G.

S. Trivedi, S. Kutcher, C. Wang, G. Jagannathan, U. Hömmerich, A. Bluiett, M. Turner, J. T. Seo, K. L. Schepler, B. Schumm, P. Boyd, and G. Green, “Transition metal doped cadmium manganese telluride: A new material for tunable mid-infrared lasing,” J. Electron. Mater. 30, 728–732 (2001).
[Crossref]

Gubin, M.

M. K. Tarabrin, A. Kovtun, V. Lazarev, V. Karasik, A. Kireev, V. Kozlovsky, Y. Korostelin, Y. Podmar’kov, M. Frolov, and M. Gubin, “Tunable CW Solid-State Mid-IR Cr2+:CdSe Single Crystal Laser with Diode Laser Array Pumping,” in “Advanced Solid State Lasers,” (Optical Society of America, 2015), AMSA 34.

Harris, T.

E. J. Turner, J. Evans, and T. Harris, “Optical spectroscopy of cobalt-doped cadmium telluride,” in “Solid State Lasers XXVII: Technology and Devices,” (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2018), p. 105111O.

Harris, T. R.

J. W. Evans, B. D. Dolasinski, T. R. Harris, J. W. Cleary, and P. A. Berry, “Demonstration and power scaling of an Fe:CdMnTe laser at 5.2 microns,” Opt. Mater. Express 7, 860–867 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. W. Evans, T. R. Harris, E. J. Turner, M. M. Kimani, J. M. Mann, R. W. Stites, G. Cook, and K. L. Schepler, “Re-absorption and nonradiative energy transfer in vibronic laser gain media,” in “Solid State Lasers XXVII: Technology and Devices,” (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2018), p. 105110I.

Hoefling, S.

I. Vurgaftman, R. Weih, M. Kamp, J. Meyer, C. Canedy, C. Kim, M. Kim, W. Bewley, C. Merritt, J. Abell, and S. Hoefling, “Interband cascade lasers,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 48, 123001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hömmerich, U.

A. Bluiett, U. Hömmerich, R. Shah, S. Trivedi, S. Kutcher, and C. Wang, “Observation of lasing from Cr2+:CdTe and compositional effects in Cr2+-doped II-VI semiconductors,” J. Electron. Mater. 31, 806–810 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. Trivedi, S. Kutcher, C. Wang, G. Jagannathan, U. Hömmerich, A. Bluiett, M. Turner, J. T. Seo, K. L. Schepler, B. Schumm, P. Boyd, and G. Green, “Transition metal doped cadmium manganese telluride: A new material for tunable mid-infrared lasing,” J. Electron. Mater. 30, 728–732 (2001).
[Crossref]

Jagannathan, G.

S. Trivedi, S. Kutcher, C. Wang, G. Jagannathan, U. Hömmerich, A. Bluiett, M. Turner, J. T. Seo, K. L. Schepler, B. Schumm, P. Boyd, and G. Green, “Transition metal doped cadmium manganese telluride: A new material for tunable mid-infrared lasing,” J. Electron. Mater. 30, 728–732 (2001).
[Crossref]

Jelinek, M.

Jelinkova, H.

Kamp, M.

I. Vurgaftman, R. Weih, M. Kamp, J. Meyer, C. Canedy, C. Kim, M. Kim, W. Bewley, C. Merritt, J. Abell, and S. Hoefling, “Interband cascade lasers,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 48, 123001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Karasik, V.

M. K. Tarabrin, A. Kovtun, V. Lazarev, V. Karasik, A. Kireev, V. Kozlovsky, Y. Korostelin, Y. Podmar’kov, M. Frolov, and M. Gubin, “Tunable CW Solid-State Mid-IR Cr2+:CdSe Single Crystal Laser with Diode Laser Array Pumping,” in “Advanced Solid State Lasers,” (Optical Society of America, 2015), AMSA 34.

Kim, C.

I. Vurgaftman, R. Weih, M. Kamp, J. Meyer, C. Canedy, C. Kim, M. Kim, W. Bewley, C. Merritt, J. Abell, and S. Hoefling, “Interband cascade lasers,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 48, 123001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kim, M.

I. Vurgaftman, R. Weih, M. Kamp, J. Meyer, C. Canedy, C. Kim, M. Kim, W. Bewley, C. Merritt, J. Abell, and S. Hoefling, “Interband cascade lasers,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 48, 123001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kimani, M. M.

J. W. Evans, T. R. Harris, E. J. Turner, M. M. Kimani, J. M. Mann, R. W. Stites, G. Cook, and K. L. Schepler, “Re-absorption and nonradiative energy transfer in vibronic laser gain media,” in “Solid State Lasers XXVII: Technology and Devices,” (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2018), p. 105110I.

Kireev, A.

M. K. Tarabrin, A. Kovtun, V. Lazarev, V. Karasik, A. Kireev, V. Kozlovsky, Y. Korostelin, Y. Podmar’kov, M. Frolov, and M. Gubin, “Tunable CW Solid-State Mid-IR Cr2+:CdSe Single Crystal Laser with Diode Laser Array Pumping,” in “Advanced Solid State Lasers,” (Optical Society of America, 2015), AMSA 34.

Korostelin, Y.

M. K. Tarabrin, A. Kovtun, V. Lazarev, V. Karasik, A. Kireev, V. Kozlovsky, Y. Korostelin, Y. Podmar’kov, M. Frolov, and M. Gubin, “Tunable CW Solid-State Mid-IR Cr2+:CdSe Single Crystal Laser with Diode Laser Array Pumping,” in “Advanced Solid State Lasers,” (Optical Society of America, 2015), AMSA 34.

Kovalenko, N.

Kovtun, A.

M. K. Tarabrin, A. Kovtun, V. Lazarev, V. Karasik, A. Kireev, V. Kozlovsky, Y. Korostelin, Y. Podmar’kov, M. Frolov, and M. Gubin, “Tunable CW Solid-State Mid-IR Cr2+:CdSe Single Crystal Laser with Diode Laser Array Pumping,” in “Advanced Solid State Lasers,” (Optical Society of America, 2015), AMSA 34.

Kozlovsky, V.

M. K. Tarabrin, A. Kovtun, V. Lazarev, V. Karasik, A. Kireev, V. Kozlovsky, Y. Korostelin, Y. Podmar’kov, M. Frolov, and M. Gubin, “Tunable CW Solid-State Mid-IR Cr2+:CdSe Single Crystal Laser with Diode Laser Array Pumping,” in “Advanced Solid State Lasers,” (Optical Society of America, 2015), AMSA 34.

Krupke, W. F.

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885–895 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kutcher, S.

A. Bluiett, U. Hömmerich, R. Shah, S. Trivedi, S. Kutcher, and C. Wang, “Observation of lasing from Cr2+:CdTe and compositional effects in Cr2+-doped II-VI semiconductors,” J. Electron. Mater. 31, 806–810 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. Trivedi, S. Kutcher, C. Wang, G. Jagannathan, U. Hömmerich, A. Bluiett, M. Turner, J. T. Seo, K. L. Schepler, B. Schumm, P. Boyd, and G. Green, “Transition metal doped cadmium manganese telluride: A new material for tunable mid-infrared lasing,” J. Electron. Mater. 30, 728–732 (2001).
[Crossref]

Lazarev, V.

M. K. Tarabrin, A. Kovtun, V. Lazarev, V. Karasik, A. Kireev, V. Kozlovsky, Y. Korostelin, Y. Podmar’kov, M. Frolov, and M. Gubin, “Tunable CW Solid-State Mid-IR Cr2+:CdSe Single Crystal Laser with Diode Laser Array Pumping,” in “Advanced Solid State Lasers,” (Optical Society of America, 2015), AMSA 34.

Mann, J. M.

J. W. Evans, T. R. Harris, E. J. Turner, M. M. Kimani, J. M. Mann, R. W. Stites, G. Cook, and K. L. Schepler, “Re-absorption and nonradiative energy transfer in vibronic laser gain media,” in “Solid State Lasers XXVII: Technology and Devices,” (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2018), p. 105110I.

Marfaing, Y.

E. Rzepka, Y. Marfaing, M. Cuniot, and R. Triboulet, “Deep centres for optical processing in CdTe,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 16, 262–267 (1993).
[Crossref]

Martyshkin, D.

S. Mirov, I. Moskalev, S. Vasilyev, V. Smolski, V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, J. Peppers, M. Mirov, A. Dergachev, and V. Gapontsev, “Frontiers of mid-IE lasers based on transition metal doped chalcogenides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 5 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. Mirov, and S. Vasilyev, “Progress in mid-IR lasers based on Cr and Fe-doped II–VI chalcogenides,” IEEE J. selected topics quantum electronics 21, 292–310 (2015).
[Crossref]

McDaniel, S.

E. J. Turner, S. McDaniel, and J. Evans, “Performance evaluation of Co2+:CdTe as an optical gain medium,” in “Laser Technology for Defense and Security XIV,” (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2018), p. 106370W.

McKay, J.

J. McKay, K. L. Schepler, and G. C. Catella, “Efficient grating-tuned mid-infrared Cr2+:CdSe laser,” Opt. letters 24, 1575–1577 (1999).
[Crossref]

Merritt, C.

I. Vurgaftman, R. Weih, M. Kamp, J. Meyer, C. Canedy, C. Kim, M. Kim, W. Bewley, C. Merritt, J. Abell, and S. Hoefling, “Interband cascade lasers,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 48, 123001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Meyer, J.

I. Vurgaftman, R. Weih, M. Kamp, J. Meyer, C. Canedy, C. Kim, M. Kim, W. Bewley, C. Merritt, J. Abell, and S. Hoefling, “Interband cascade lasers,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 48, 123001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mirov, M.

S. Mirov, I. Moskalev, S. Vasilyev, V. Smolski, V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, J. Peppers, M. Mirov, A. Dergachev, and V. Gapontsev, “Frontiers of mid-IE lasers based on transition metal doped chalcogenides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 5 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Vasilyev, I. Moskalev, M. Mirov, V. Smolsky, S. Mirov, and V. Gapontsev, “Recent breakthroughs in solid-state mid-ir laser technology: Lasers based on transition metal doped ii-vi chalcogenides are coming of age for practical applications,” Laser Tech. J. 13, 24–27 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. Mirov, and S. Vasilyev, “Progress in mid-IR lasers based on Cr and Fe-doped II–VI chalcogenides,” IEEE J. selected topics quantum electronics 21, 292–310 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mirov, S.

S. Mirov, I. Moskalev, S. Vasilyev, V. Smolski, V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, J. Peppers, M. Mirov, A. Dergachev, and V. Gapontsev, “Frontiers of mid-IE lasers based on transition metal doped chalcogenides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 5 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Vasilyev, I. Moskalev, M. Mirov, V. Smolsky, S. Mirov, and V. Gapontsev, “Recent breakthroughs in solid-state mid-ir laser technology: Lasers based on transition metal doped ii-vi chalcogenides are coming of age for practical applications,” Laser Tech. J. 13, 24–27 (2016).
[Crossref]

Mirov, S. B.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. Mirov, and S. Vasilyev, “Progress in mid-IR lasers based on Cr and Fe-doped II–VI chalcogenides,” IEEE J. selected topics quantum electronics 21, 292–310 (2015).
[Crossref]

Moskalev, I.

S. Mirov, I. Moskalev, S. Vasilyev, V. Smolski, V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, J. Peppers, M. Mirov, A. Dergachev, and V. Gapontsev, “Frontiers of mid-IE lasers based on transition metal doped chalcogenides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 5 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Vasilyev, I. Moskalev, M. Mirov, V. Smolsky, S. Mirov, and V. Gapontsev, “Recent breakthroughs in solid-state mid-ir laser technology: Lasers based on transition metal doped ii-vi chalcogenides are coming of age for practical applications,” Laser Tech. J. 13, 24–27 (2016).
[Crossref]

Moskalev, I. S.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. Mirov, and S. Vasilyev, “Progress in mid-IR lasers based on Cr and Fe-doped II–VI chalcogenides,” IEEE J. selected topics quantum electronics 21, 292–310 (2015).
[Crossref]

Osiko, V.

Page, R. H.

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885–895 (1996).
[Crossref]

Payne, S. A.

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885–895 (1996).
[Crossref]

Peppers, J.

S. Mirov, I. Moskalev, S. Vasilyev, V. Smolski, V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, J. Peppers, M. Mirov, A. Dergachev, and V. Gapontsev, “Frontiers of mid-IE lasers based on transition metal doped chalcogenides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 5 (2018).
[Crossref]

Peppers, J. M.

J. M. Peppers, “Study of cobalt, cobalt-iron, and chromium doped ii-vi media for laser applications,” Ph.D. thesis, The University of Alabama at Birmingham (2016).

Podmar’kov, Y.

M. K. Tarabrin, A. Kovtun, V. Lazarev, V. Karasik, A. Kireev, V. Kozlovsky, Y. Korostelin, Y. Podmar’kov, M. Frolov, and M. Gubin, “Tunable CW Solid-State Mid-IR Cr2+:CdSe Single Crystal Laser with Diode Laser Array Pumping,” in “Advanced Solid State Lasers,” (Optical Society of America, 2015), AMSA 34.

Rzepka, E.

E. Rzepka, Y. Marfaing, M. Cuniot, and R. Triboulet, “Deep centres for optical processing in CdTe,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 16, 262–267 (1993).
[Crossref]

Schepler, K. L.

S. Trivedi, S. Kutcher, C. Wang, G. Jagannathan, U. Hömmerich, A. Bluiett, M. Turner, J. T. Seo, K. L. Schepler, B. Schumm, P. Boyd, and G. Green, “Transition metal doped cadmium manganese telluride: A new material for tunable mid-infrared lasing,” J. Electron. Mater. 30, 728–732 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. McKay, K. L. Schepler, and G. C. Catella, “Efficient grating-tuned mid-infrared Cr2+:CdSe laser,” Opt. letters 24, 1575–1577 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. W. Evans, T. R. Harris, E. J. Turner, M. M. Kimani, J. M. Mann, R. W. Stites, G. Cook, and K. L. Schepler, “Re-absorption and nonradiative energy transfer in vibronic laser gain media,” in “Solid State Lasers XXVII: Technology and Devices,” (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2018), p. 105110I.

Schumm, B.

S. Trivedi, S. Kutcher, C. Wang, G. Jagannathan, U. Hömmerich, A. Bluiett, M. Turner, J. T. Seo, K. L. Schepler, B. Schumm, P. Boyd, and G. Green, “Transition metal doped cadmium manganese telluride: A new material for tunable mid-infrared lasing,” J. Electron. Mater. 30, 728–732 (2001).
[Crossref]

Seo, J. T.

S. Trivedi, S. Kutcher, C. Wang, G. Jagannathan, U. Hömmerich, A. Bluiett, M. Turner, J. T. Seo, K. L. Schepler, B. Schumm, P. Boyd, and G. Green, “Transition metal doped cadmium manganese telluride: A new material for tunable mid-infrared lasing,” J. Electron. Mater. 30, 728–732 (2001).
[Crossref]

Shah, R.

A. Bluiett, U. Hömmerich, R. Shah, S. Trivedi, S. Kutcher, and C. Wang, “Observation of lasing from Cr2+:CdTe and compositional effects in Cr2+-doped II-VI semiconductors,” J. Electron. Mater. 31, 806–810 (2002).
[Crossref]

Smolski, V.

S. Mirov, I. Moskalev, S. Vasilyev, V. Smolski, V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, J. Peppers, M. Mirov, A. Dergachev, and V. Gapontsev, “Frontiers of mid-IE lasers based on transition metal doped chalcogenides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 5 (2018).
[Crossref]

Smolsky, V.

S. Vasilyev, I. Moskalev, M. Mirov, V. Smolsky, S. Mirov, and V. Gapontsev, “Recent breakthroughs in solid-state mid-ir laser technology: Lasers based on transition metal doped ii-vi chalcogenides are coming of age for practical applications,” Laser Tech. J. 13, 24–27 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sorokina, I. T.

M. Ebrahim-Zadeh and I. T. Sorokina, Mid-infrared Coherent Sources and Applications (Springer Science & Business Media, 2007).

Stites, R. W.

J. W. Evans, T. R. Harris, E. J. Turner, M. M. Kimani, J. M. Mann, R. W. Stites, G. Cook, and K. L. Schepler, “Re-absorption and nonradiative energy transfer in vibronic laser gain media,” in “Solid State Lasers XXVII: Technology and Devices,” (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2018), p. 105110I.

Strauss, A.

A. Strauss, “The physical properties of cadmium telluride,” Revue de Physique Appliquée 12, 167–184 (1977).
[Crossref]

Sulc, J.

Tarabrin, M. K.

M. K. Tarabrin, A. Kovtun, V. Lazarev, V. Karasik, A. Kireev, V. Kozlovsky, Y. Korostelin, Y. Podmar’kov, M. Frolov, and M. Gubin, “Tunable CW Solid-State Mid-IR Cr2+:CdSe Single Crystal Laser with Diode Laser Array Pumping,” in “Advanced Solid State Lasers,” (Optical Society of America, 2015), AMSA 34.

Terzin, I.

Triboulet, R.

E. Rzepka, Y. Marfaing, M. Cuniot, and R. Triboulet, “Deep centres for optical processing in CdTe,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 16, 262–267 (1993).
[Crossref]

Trivedi, S.

A. Bluiett, U. Hömmerich, R. Shah, S. Trivedi, S. Kutcher, and C. Wang, “Observation of lasing from Cr2+:CdTe and compositional effects in Cr2+-doped II-VI semiconductors,” J. Electron. Mater. 31, 806–810 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. Trivedi, S. Kutcher, C. Wang, G. Jagannathan, U. Hömmerich, A. Bluiett, M. Turner, J. T. Seo, K. L. Schepler, B. Schumm, P. Boyd, and G. Green, “Transition metal doped cadmium manganese telluride: A new material for tunable mid-infrared lasing,” J. Electron. Mater. 30, 728–732 (2001).
[Crossref]

Turner, E. J.

J. W. Evans, T. R. Harris, E. J. Turner, M. M. Kimani, J. M. Mann, R. W. Stites, G. Cook, and K. L. Schepler, “Re-absorption and nonradiative energy transfer in vibronic laser gain media,” in “Solid State Lasers XXVII: Technology and Devices,” (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2018), p. 105110I.

E. J. Turner, S. McDaniel, and J. Evans, “Performance evaluation of Co2+:CdTe as an optical gain medium,” in “Laser Technology for Defense and Security XIV,” (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2018), p. 106370W.

E. J. Turner, J. Evans, and T. Harris, “Optical spectroscopy of cobalt-doped cadmium telluride,” in “Solid State Lasers XXVII: Technology and Devices,” (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2018), p. 105111O.

Turner, M.

S. Trivedi, S. Kutcher, C. Wang, G. Jagannathan, U. Hömmerich, A. Bluiett, M. Turner, J. T. Seo, K. L. Schepler, B. Schumm, P. Boyd, and G. Green, “Transition metal doped cadmium manganese telluride: A new material for tunable mid-infrared lasing,” J. Electron. Mater. 30, 728–732 (2001).
[Crossref]

Vasilyev, S.

S. Mirov, I. Moskalev, S. Vasilyev, V. Smolski, V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, J. Peppers, M. Mirov, A. Dergachev, and V. Gapontsev, “Frontiers of mid-IE lasers based on transition metal doped chalcogenides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 5 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Vasilyev, I. Moskalev, M. Mirov, V. Smolsky, S. Mirov, and V. Gapontsev, “Recent breakthroughs in solid-state mid-ir laser technology: Lasers based on transition metal doped ii-vi chalcogenides are coming of age for practical applications,” Laser Tech. J. 13, 24–27 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. Mirov, and S. Vasilyev, “Progress in mid-IR lasers based on Cr and Fe-doped II–VI chalcogenides,” IEEE J. selected topics quantum electronics 21, 292–310 (2015).
[Crossref]

Vurgaftman, I.

I. Vurgaftman, R. Weih, M. Kamp, J. Meyer, C. Canedy, C. Kim, M. Kim, W. Bewley, C. Merritt, J. Abell, and S. Hoefling, “Interband cascade lasers,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 48, 123001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Vyhidal, D.

Wang, C.

A. Bluiett, U. Hömmerich, R. Shah, S. Trivedi, S. Kutcher, and C. Wang, “Observation of lasing from Cr2+:CdTe and compositional effects in Cr2+-doped II-VI semiconductors,” J. Electron. Mater. 31, 806–810 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. Trivedi, S. Kutcher, C. Wang, G. Jagannathan, U. Hömmerich, A. Bluiett, M. Turner, J. T. Seo, K. L. Schepler, B. Schumm, P. Boyd, and G. Green, “Transition metal doped cadmium manganese telluride: A new material for tunable mid-infrared lasing,” J. Electron. Mater. 30, 728–732 (2001).
[Crossref]

Weih, R.

I. Vurgaftman, R. Weih, M. Kamp, J. Meyer, C. Canedy, C. Kim, M. Kim, W. Bewley, C. Merritt, J. Abell, and S. Hoefling, “Interband cascade lasers,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 48, 123001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wilke, G. D.

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885–895 (1996).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885–895 (1996).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Mirov, I. Moskalev, S. Vasilyev, V. Smolski, V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, J. Peppers, M. Mirov, A. Dergachev, and V. Gapontsev, “Frontiers of mid-IE lasers based on transition metal doped chalcogenides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 5 (2018).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. selected topics quantum electronics (1)

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. Mirov, and S. Vasilyev, “Progress in mid-IR lasers based on Cr and Fe-doped II–VI chalcogenides,” IEEE J. selected topics quantum electronics 21, 292–310 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Electron. Mater. (3)

S. Trivedi, S. Kutcher, C. Wang, G. Jagannathan, U. Hömmerich, A. Bluiett, M. Turner, J. T. Seo, K. L. Schepler, B. Schumm, P. Boyd, and G. Green, “Transition metal doped cadmium manganese telluride: A new material for tunable mid-infrared lasing,” J. Electron. Mater. 30, 728–732 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Bluiett, U. Hömmerich, R. Shah, S. Trivedi, S. Kutcher, and C. Wang, “Observation of lasing from Cr2+:CdTe and compositional effects in Cr2+-doped II-VI semiconductors,” J. Electron. Mater. 31, 806–810 (2002).
[Crossref]

T. J. Carrig, “Transition-metal-doped chalcogenide lasers,” J. Electron. Mater. 31, 759–769 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. (1)

I. Vurgaftman, R. Weih, M. Kamp, J. Meyer, C. Canedy, C. Kim, M. Kim, W. Bewley, C. Merritt, J. Abell, and S. Hoefling, “Interband cascade lasers,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 48, 123001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Laser Tech. J. (1)

S. Vasilyev, I. Moskalev, M. Mirov, V. Smolsky, S. Mirov, and V. Gapontsev, “Recent breakthroughs in solid-state mid-ir laser technology: Lasers based on transition metal doped ii-vi chalcogenides are coming of age for practical applications,” Laser Tech. J. 13, 24–27 (2016).
[Crossref]

Mater. Sci. Eng. B (1)

E. Rzepka, Y. Marfaing, M. Cuniot, and R. Triboulet, “Deep centres for optical processing in CdTe,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 16, 262–267 (1993).
[Crossref]

Opt. letters (1)

J. McKay, K. L. Schepler, and G. C. Catella, “Efficient grating-tuned mid-infrared Cr2+:CdSe laser,” Opt. letters 24, 1575–1577 (1999).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. Express (2)

Revue de Physique Appliquée (1)

A. Strauss, “The physical properties of cadmium telluride,” Revue de Physique Appliquée 12, 167–184 (1977).
[Crossref]

Other (6)

M. Ebrahim-Zadeh and I. T. Sorokina, Mid-infrared Coherent Sources and Applications (Springer Science & Business Media, 2007).

J. M. Peppers, “Study of cobalt, cobalt-iron, and chromium doped ii-vi media for laser applications,” Ph.D. thesis, The University of Alabama at Birmingham (2016).

E. J. Turner, J. Evans, and T. Harris, “Optical spectroscopy of cobalt-doped cadmium telluride,” in “Solid State Lasers XXVII: Technology and Devices,” (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2018), p. 105111O.

E. J. Turner, S. McDaniel, and J. Evans, “Performance evaluation of Co2+:CdTe as an optical gain medium,” in “Laser Technology for Defense and Security XIV,” (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2018), p. 106370W.

J. W. Evans, T. R. Harris, E. J. Turner, M. M. Kimani, J. M. Mann, R. W. Stites, G. Cook, and K. L. Schepler, “Re-absorption and nonradiative energy transfer in vibronic laser gain media,” in “Solid State Lasers XXVII: Technology and Devices,” (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2018), p. 105110I.

M. K. Tarabrin, A. Kovtun, V. Lazarev, V. Karasik, A. Kireev, V. Kozlovsky, Y. Korostelin, Y. Podmar’kov, M. Frolov, and M. Gubin, “Tunable CW Solid-State Mid-IR Cr2+:CdSe Single Crystal Laser with Diode Laser Array Pumping,” in “Advanced Solid State Lasers,” (Optical Society of America, 2015), AMSA 34.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Absorption and emission cross-sections of Co2+:CdTe.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Double-pass Co:CdTe Mid-IR Laser Amplifier.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Gain measurements of the double-pass Co:CdTe mid-IR laser amplifier. Trace A is the seed signal without the pump. Trace B is the maximum amplified seed signal. Traces C and D are the measured seed signals at instantaneous pump powers of approximately 6 and 8 W, respectively.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Optical gain as a function of instantaneous pump power.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Progress summary of TM-doped cadmium chalcogenide lasers

Tables Icon

Table 2 Co2+:CdTe spectroscopy data collected at 77 K

Tables Icon

Table 3 Incident pump and signal values recorded at gain maximum

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