Abstract

The intrinsic photoluminescence emission properties of high-quality bulk crystals of CH3NH3PbBr3 under excitation by two-photon absorption at 810 nm are presented. A strongly non-monotonous wavelength shift of the two-photon photoluminescence with increasing temperature is observed, which can be associated with discrete transitions between several stable crystalline phases. Experimentally, both temperature (5 – 300 K) and excitation density are varied. At room temperature, a scaling of the photoluminescence with the 4th power of the excitation density is observed, in contrast to a quadratic behavior at cryogenic temperatures. We attribute this due to a transition from exciton gas to free charge carriers with a temperature increase.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2017 (1)

T. Yamada, Y. Yamada, Y. Nakaike, A. Wakamiya, and Y. Kanemitsu, “Photon Emission and Reabsorption Processes in CH3NH3PbI3 Single Crystals Revealed by Time-Resolved Two-Photon-Excitation Photoluminescence Microscopy,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 7(1), 014001 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (15)

H. Diab, G. Trippé-Allard, F. Lédée, K. Jemli, C. Vilar, G. Bouchez, V. L. Jacques, A. Tejeda, J. Even, J. S. Lauret, E. Deleporte, and D. Garrot, “Narrow Linewidth Excitonic Emission in Organic-Inorganic Lead Iodide Perovskite Single Crystals,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 7(24), 5093–5100 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Tilchin, D. N. Dirin, G. I. Maikov, A. Sashchiuk, M. V. Kovalenko, and E. Lifshitz, “Hydrogen-like Wannier-Mott Excitons in Single Crystal of Methylammonium Lead Bromide Perovskite,” ACS Nano 10(6), 6363–6371 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Q. Phuong, Y. Nakaike, A. Wakamiya, and Y. Kanemitsu, “Free Excitons and Exciton-Phonon Coupling in CH3NH3PbI3 Single Crystals Revealed by Photocurrent and Photoluminescence Measurements at Low Temperatures,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 7(23), 4905–4910 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Dai, H. Zheng, C. Zhu, J. Lu, and C. Xu, “Comparative Investigation on The Temperature-Dependent Photoluminescence of CH3NH3PbI3 and CH(NH2)2PbBr3 microstructures,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(20), 4408–4413 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Yamada, Y. Yamada, H. Nishimura, Y. Nakaike, A. Wakamiya, Y. Murata, and Y. Kanemitsu, “Fast Free-Carrier Diffusion in CH3NH3PbI3 Single Crystals Revealed by Time-Resolved One- and Two-Photon Excitation Photoluminescence Spectroscopy,” Adv. Electron. Mater. 2(3), 1500290 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Galkowski, A. Mitioglu, A. Miyata, P. Plochocka, O. Portugall, G. E. Eperon, J. T.-W. Wang, T. Stergiopoulos, S. D. Stranks, H. J. Snaith, and R. J. Nicholas, “Determination of the exciton binding energy and effective masses for methylammonium and formamidinium lead tri-halide perovskite semiconductors,” Energy Environ. Sci. 9(3), 962–970 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Wei, Z. Xu, R. Chen, X. Zheng, X. Cheng, and T. Jiang, “Temperature-dependent excitonic photoluminescence excited by two-photon absorption in perovskite CsPbBr3 quantum dots,” Opt. Lett. 41(16), 3821–3824 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Li, G. Wang, H.-C. Cheng, C.-Y. Chen, H. Wu, Y. Liu, Y. Huang, and X. Duan, “Size-dependent phase transition in methylammonium lead iodide perovskite microplate crystals,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11330 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Aharon and L. Etgar, “Two Dimensional Organometal Halide Perovskite Nanorods with Tunable Optical Properties,” Nano Lett. 16(5), 3230–3235 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Saliba, T. Matsui, J.-Y. Seo, K. Domanski, J.-P. Correa-Baena, M. K. Nazeeruddin, S. M. Zakeeruddin, W. Tress, A. Abate, A. Hagfeldt, and M. Grätzel, “Cesium-containing triple cation perovskite solar cells: improved stability, reproducibility and high efficiency,” Energy Environ. Sci. 9(6), 1989–1997 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Zhang, L. Peng, J. Liu, A. Tang, J. S. Hu, J. Yao, and Y. S. Zhao, “Controlling the Cavity Structures of Two-Photon-Pumped Perovskite Microlasers,” Adv. Mater. 28(21), 4040–4046 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Saliba, S. M. Wood, J. B. Patel, P. K. Nayak, J. Huang, J. A. Alexander-Webber, B. Wenger, S. D. Stranks, M. T. Hörantner, J. T. Wang, R. J. Nicholas, L. M. Herz, M. B. Johnston, S. M. Morris, H. J. Snaith, and M. K. Riede, “Structured Organic-Inorganic Perovskite toward a Distributed Feedback Laser,” Adv. Mater. 28(5), 923–929 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Jia, R. A. Kerner, A. J. Grede, A. N. Brigeman, B. P. Rand, and N. C. Giebink, “Diode-Pumped Organo-Lead Halide Perovskite Lasing in a Metal-Clad Distributed Feedback Resonator,” Nano Lett. 16(7), 4624–4629 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. M. Herz, “Charge-Carrier Dynamics in Organic-Inorganic Metal Halide Perovskites,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 67(1), 65–89 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. D. Wright, C. Verdi, R. L. Milot, G. E. Eperon, M. A. Pérez-Osorio, H. J. Snaith, F. Giustino, M. B. Johnston, and L. M. Herz, “Electron-phonon coupling in hybrid lead halide perovskites,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11755 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (16)

W. Kong, Z. Ye, Z. Qi, B. Zhang, M. Wang, A. Rahimi-Iman, and H. Wu, “Characterization of an abnormal photoluminescence behavior upon crystal-phase transition of perovskite CH3NH3PbI3,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 17(25), 16405–16411 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Sestu, M. Cadelano, V. Sarritzu, F. Chen, D. Marongiu, R. Piras, M. Mainas, F. Quochi, M. Saba, A. Mura, and G. Bongiovanni, “Absorption F-Sum Rule for the Exciton Binding Energy in Methylammonium Lead Halide Perovskites,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(22), 4566–4572 (2015).
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2013 (5)

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C. Xiao, Z. Li, H. Guthrey, J. Moseley, Y. Yang, S. Wozny, H. Moutinho, B. To, J. J. Berry, B. Gorman, Y. Yan, K. Zhu, and M. Al-Jassim, “Mechanisms of Electron-Beam-Induced Damage in Perovskite Thin Films Revealed by Cathodoluminescence Spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. C 119(48), 26904–26911 (2015).
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J. M. Ball, M. M. Lee, A. Hey, and H. J. Snaith, “Low-temperature processed meso-superstructured to thin-film perovskite solar cells,” Energy Environ. Sci. 6(6), 1739–1743 (2013).
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Z.-K. Tan, R. S. Moghaddam, M. L. Lai, P. Docampo, R. Higler, F. Deschler, M. Price, A. Sadhanala, L. M. Pazos, D. Credgington, F. Hanusch, T. Bein, H. J. Snaith, and R. H. Friend, “Bright light-emitting diodes based on organometal halide perovskite,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(9), 687–692 (2014).
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A. Sadhanala, F. Deschler, T. H. Thomas, S. E. Dutton, K. C. Goedel, F. C. Hanusch, M. L. Lai, U. Steiner, T. Bein, P. Docampo, D. Cahen, and R. H. Friend, “Preparation of Single-Phase Films of CH3NH3Pb(I1–xBrx)3 with Sharp Optical Band Edges,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5(15), 2501–2505 (2014).
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K. Wu, A. Bera, C. Ma, Y. Du, Y. Yang, L. Li, and T. Wu, “Temperature-dependent excitonic photoluminescence of hybrid organometal halide perovskite films,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 16(41), 22476–22481 (2014).
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Y. Shao, Z. Xiao, C. Bi, Y. Yuan, and J. Huang, “Origin and elimination of photocurrent hysteresis by fullerene passivation in CH3NH3PbI3 planar heterojunction solar cells,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5784 (2014).
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L. Gil-Escrig, A. Miquel-Sempere, M. Sessolo, and H. J. Bolink, “Mixed Iodide-Bromide Methylammonium Lead Perovskite-based Diodes for Light Emission and Photovoltaics,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(18), 3743–3748 (2015).
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N. Sestu, M. Cadelano, V. Sarritzu, F. Chen, D. Marongiu, R. Piras, M. Mainas, F. Quochi, M. Saba, A. Mura, and G. Bongiovanni, “Absorption F-Sum Rule for the Exciton Binding Energy in Methylammonium Lead Halide Perovskites,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(22), 4566–4572 (2015).
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M. Saba, M. Cadelano, D. Marongiu, F. Chen, V. Sarritzu, N. Sestu, C. Figus, M. Aresti, R. Piras, A. G. Lehmann, C. Cannas, A. Musinu, F. Quochi, A. Mura, and G. Bongiovanni, “Correlated electron-hole plasma in organometal perovskites,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5049 (2014).
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J. Burschka, N. Pellet, S.-J. Moon, R. Humphry-Baker, P. Gao, M. K. Nazeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Sequential deposition as a route to high-performance perovskite-sensitized solar cells,” Nature 499(7458), 316–319 (2013).
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M. Saba, M. Cadelano, D. Marongiu, F. Chen, V. Sarritzu, N. Sestu, C. Figus, M. Aresti, R. Piras, A. G. Lehmann, C. Cannas, A. Musinu, F. Quochi, A. Mura, and G. Bongiovanni, “Correlated electron-hole plasma in organometal perovskites,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5049 (2014).
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Cheng, H.-C.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Sketch of the experimental setup used to measure the temperature and excitation density dependent properties of the two-photon photoluminescence from MAPbBr3 bulk crystals. The inset shows a photograph of a two-photon excited MAPbBr3 bulk crystal mounted to a cold finger cryostat. (b) Schematic description of two-photon absorption and the possible resulting decay channels for the generation of photoluminescence.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Two-photon photoluminescence spectra from a MAPbBr3 bulk crystal for variable temperatures in 15 K steps from 5 to 300 K. For clarity, the intensities of the spectra are normalized to the individual maxima and plotted with constant offset. (b) Evolution of the center wavelength(s) of the spectra from (a). The circles indicate the center wavelength of the shorter wavelength peak and the squares that of the longer wavelength peak at low temperatures, whereas the triangles are used for the center wavelength of those spectra/temperatures, where no separate emission channels can be clearly identified. The dashed line visualizes the trends for specific temperature ranges, corresponding to stable crystal phases.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Two-photon photoluminescence spectra recorded at 5 K with different pump powers. The spectra are normalized to their individual maximum. The FWHM of the shorter wavelength emission is given for the highest excitation power. (b) Same measurements as in (a) performed at 240 K.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Pump-power dependent measurements of the spectrally integrated two-photon photoluminescence of a MAPbBr3 bulk crystal for varying temperatures in 60 K steps from 5 to 300 K. The actual measurement points are depicted by symbols, whereas the continuous lines are obtained by fitting a function of the form a P pump 2n to the measured. The obtained values for n at the different temperatures are given in the legend and furthermore depicted as function of temperature in subfigure (b).