Abstract

The technological route of pre-polymerization and post-coordination was employed to obtain a rapid film-forming macromolecular complex emitting white light by simultaneously combining poly (styrene-co-glycidyl methacrylate) with three primary color complexes [r(R)/g(G)/b(B)]. The white light emission of the macromolecular complex was realized by tuning the ratios of the trichromatic complexes or altering excitation wavelengths. Upon excitation at 365 nm, macromolecular complex 5 with R:G:B = 1:10:1 exhibits three discrete characteristic peaks at 458 (blue emission), 543 (green emission), and 612 (red emission) nm. The corresponding CIE coordinates of (0.332, 0.337) are in close proximity to pure white light (0.330, 0.330). Macromolecular complex 3 (R:G:B = 1:8:0.5) achieves white emission being excited at the wavelength of 375 nm. Macromolecular complex 5 was melted at 140 °C, dropped on a 365 nm UV chip, and then cooled to room temperature to fabricate an LED device with CIE coordinates of (0.35, 0.34), CCT of 5306 K, and CRI of 95.2. The prepared macromolecular complex film further shows vivid color reproduction for real objects, confirming the high rendering index of the macromolecular complex. In addition, the macromolecular complex remains stable up to 272.6 °C, meeting the requirements of operating temperature for LEDs. This work establishes a rapid film-forming macromolecular complex with potential application in NUV-WLEDs.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. H. S. Jang and D. Y. Jeon, “White light emission from blue and near ultraviolet light-emitting diodes precoated with a Sr3SiO5:Ce3+,Li+ phosphor,” Opt. Lett. 32(23), 3444–3446 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. G. B. Nair and S. J. Dhoble, “White Light Emitting MZr4(PO4)6:Dy3+ (M = Ca, Sr, Ba) Phosphors for WLEDs,” J. Fluoresc. 27(2), 575–585 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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  7. D. Zhou, M. Liu, M. Lin, X. Bu, X. Luo, H. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Hydrazine-mediated construction of nanocrystal self-assembly materials,” ACS Nano 8(10), 10569–10581 (2014).
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. A. Balamurugan, M. L. P. Reddy, and M. Jayakannan, “Single Polymer Photosensitizer for Tb3+ and Eu3+ Ions: An Approach for White Light Emission Based on Carboxylic-Functionalized Poly(m-phenylenevinylene)s,” J. Phys. Chem. B 113(43), 14128–14138 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. P. L. Forster, D. F. Parra, J. Kai, D. M. Fermino, H. F. Brito, and A. B. Lugao, “Effects of gamma radiation on the photoluminescence properties of polycarbonate matrices doped with terbium complex,” Radiat. Phys. Chem. 79(3), 347–349 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  23. D. F. Parra, H. F. Brito, and A. B. Lugao, “Influence of the gamma irradiation on photoluminescence properties of DGMA doped with Eu3+-beta-diketonate complex,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. B 236(1–4), 235–240 (2005).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  25. S. J. Liang, J. P. Deng, and W. T. Yang, “Monomer reactivity ratio and thermal performance of alpha-methyl styrene and glycidyl methacrylate copolymers,” Chin. J. Polym. Sci. 28(3), 323–330 (2010).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  27. A. Q. Zhang, N. Q. Sun, L. P. Li, Y. M. Yang, X. J. Zhao, H. S. Jia, X. G. Liu, and B. S. Xu, “Tunable white light emission of Eu,Tb,Zn-containing copolymers by RAFT polymerization,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(38), 9933–9941 (2015).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  33. F. J. Zhang, Z. Xu, S. L. Zhao, L. Liu, W. W. Jiang, B. Sun, D. Liu, J. Z. Huang, and J. Pei, “Electroluminescence of Tb(o-BBA)3(phen) based on an organic-inorganic heterostructure,” J. Lumin. 122-123, 727–729 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  34. A. Q. Zhang, Y. M. Yang, G. M. Zhai, H. S. Jia, and B. S. Xu, “Tuning the chromaticity of the emission color of the copolymers containing Eu(III), Tb(III), Be(II) ions based on colorimetric principle,” Opt. Mater. 52, 92–99 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  35. M. Shang, C. Li, and J. Lin, “How to produce white light in a single-phase host?” Chem. Soc. Rev. 43(5), 1372–1386 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  38. D. G. Deng, H. Yu, Y. Q. Li, Y. J. Hua, G. H. Jia, S. L. Zhao, H. P. Wang, L. H. Huang, Y. Y. Li, C. X. Li, and S. Q. Xu, “Ca4(PO4)2O:Eu2+ red-emitting phosphor for solid-state lighting: structure, luminescent properties and white light emitting diode application,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(19), 3194–3199 (2013).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (1)

G. B. Nair and S. J. Dhoble, “White Light Emitting MZr4(PO4)6:Dy3+ (M = Ca, Sr, Ba) Phosphors for WLEDs,” J. Fluoresc. 27(2), 575–585 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (8)

Y. Jin, M. H. Fang, M. Grinberg, S. Mahlik, T. Lesniewski, M. G. Brik, G. Y. Luo, J. G. Lin, and R. S. Liu, “Narrow Red Emission Band Fluoride Phosphor KNaSiF6:Mn4+ for Warm White Light-Emitting Diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(18), 11194–11203 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Zhang, J. Zhang, G. H. Pan, X. Zhang, Z. Hao, Y. Luo, and H. Wu, “Low-Concentration Eu2+-Doped SrAlSi4N7: Ce3+ Yellow Phosphor for wLEDs with Improved Color-Rendering Index,” Inorg. Chem. 55(19), 9736–9741 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Gill, C. Hong, D. Gromadzki, and M. Maric, “Reactive compatibilization of poly(styrene-ran-acrylonitrile)/poly(ethylene) blends through the acid-epoxy reaction,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 133(44), 457–463 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Q. Sun, X. J. Zhao, Y. M. Yang, L. P. Li, A. Q. Zhang, H. S. Jia, and X. G. Liu, “Synthesis and luminescent properties of terbium complex containing 4-benzoylbenzoic acid for application in NUV-based LED,” J. Rare Earths 34(2), 130–136 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Yamamoto, T. Nakanishi, Y. Kitagawa, K. Fushimi, and Y. Hasegawa, “Luminescent Eu(III) coordination polymer cross-linked with Zn(II) complexes,” Mater. Lett. 167, 183–187 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Q. Zhang, Y. M. Yang, G. M. Zhai, H. S. Jia, and B. S. Xu, “Tuning the chromaticity of the emission color of the copolymers containing Eu(III), Tb(III), Be(II) ions based on colorimetric principle,” Opt. Mater. 52, 92–99 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. H. Chiang, S.-J. Gong, T.-S. Zhan, K.-C. Cheng, and S.-Y. Chu, “Light-Emitting Diodes With High Color Rendering Index and Tunable Color Temperature Fabricated Using Separated Phosphor Layer Structure,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 37(7), 898–901 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Zhang, X. Feng, Y. Zhang, L. Yan, Y. Yang, and X. Liu, “Photoluminescent carbon quantum dots as a directly film-forming phosphor towards white LEDs,” Nanoscale 8(16), 8618–8632 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (4)

F. Kang, Y. Zhang, and M. Peng, “Controlling the Energy Transfer via Multi Luminescent Centers to Achieve White Light/Tunable Emissions in a Single-Phased X2-type Y2SiO5:Eu3+,Bi3+ Phosphor For Ultraviolet Converted LEDs,” Inorg. Chem. 54(4), 1462–1473 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Q. Zhang, N. Q. Sun, L. P. Li, Y. M. Yang, X. J. Zhao, H. S. Jia, X. G. Liu, and B. S. Xu, “Tunable white light emission of Eu,Tb,Zn-containing copolymers by RAFT polymerization,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(38), 9933–9941 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Gao, N. Shi, and Z. Qiao, “Structure and luminescent property of complexes of aryl carboxylic acid-functionalized polystyrene with Eu(III) and Tb(III) ions,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 150, 565–574 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Zitzer, T. W. T. Muesmann, J. Christoffers, and M. S. Wickleder, “Crystal Engineering with the New Linker Tolanedisulfonic Acid (H2 TDS): Helical Chains in Zn(TDS)(DMA)3, Linear Chains in Zn(TDS)(NMP)3, and Complex Anions in [HDMA]2 [Zn(TDS)2 (DMA)3 ](DMA)2.,” Chem. Asian J. 10(6), 1354–1362 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (7)

A. Q. Zhang, X. D. Hao, J. L. Zhang, H. S. Jia, X. G. Liu, and B. S. Xu, “Tuning of the emission chromaticity of Eu, Gd, Be-containing copolymers,” Opt. Mater. 37, 5–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Zhou, M. Liu, M. Lin, X. Bu, X. Luo, H. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Hydrazine-mediated construction of nanocrystal self-assembly materials,” ACS Nano 8(10), 10569–10581 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Jiang, Z. Chen, S. Huang, J. Wang, and Y. Pan, “A red phosphor BaTiF(6):Mn(4+): reaction mechanism, microstructures, optical properties, and applications for white LEDs,” Dalton Trans. 43(25), 9414–9418 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Shang, C. Li, and J. Lin, “How to produce white light in a single-phase host?” Chem. Soc. Rev. 43(5), 1372–1386 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Huang, Y. Chen, X. Wei, and M. Yin, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of NaSrPO4:Eu2+, Tb3+, Mn2+ for WLED,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 14(6), 4574–4578 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Shang, C. Li, and J. Lin, “How to produce white light in a single-phase host?” Chem. Soc. Rev. 43(5), 1372–1386 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Fischer, T. Koprucki, K. Gartner, M. L. Tietze, J. Bruckner, B. Lussem, K. Leo, A. Glitzky, and R. Scholz, “Feel the Heat: Nonlinear Electrothermal Feedback in Organic LEDs,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(22), 3367–3374 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

L. Yao, S. P. Wen, X. Duan, X. D. Hu, M. S. Che, W. F. Jing, H. L. Liu, and L. Liu, “Self-polymerization of Eu(TTA)3AA in rubber and their fluorescence effect,” J. Rare Earths 31(12), 1130–1136 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. G. Deng, H. Yu, Y. Q. Li, Y. J. Hua, G. H. Jia, S. L. Zhao, H. P. Wang, L. H. Huang, Y. Y. Li, C. X. Li, and S. Q. Xu, “Ca4(PO4)2O:Eu2+ red-emitting phosphor for solid-state lighting: structure, luminescent properties and white light emitting diode application,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(19), 3194–3199 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

A. Q. Zhang, J. L. Zhang, Q. L. Pan, S. H. Wang, H. S. Jia, and B. S. Xu, “Synthesis, photoluminescence and intramolecular energy transfer model of a dysprosium complex,” J. Lumin. 132(4), 965–971 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. B. Canaj, D. I. Tzimopoulos, A. Philippidis, G. E. Kostakis, and C. J. Milios, “A Strongly Blue-Emitting Heptametallic [DyIII7] Centered-Octahedral Single-Molecule Magnet,” Inorg. Chem. 51(14), 7451–7453 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

H. Y. Lin, Y. C. Fang, and S. Y. Chu, “Energy Transfer Sm3+→Eu3+ in Potential Red Phosphor (Ca, Ba) 3(VO4)2:Sm3+, Eu3+ for Use in Organic Solar Cells and White Light-Emitting Diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(11), 3850–3856 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. J. Liang, J. P. Deng, and W. T. Yang, “Monomer reactivity ratio and thermal performance of alpha-methyl styrene and glycidyl methacrylate copolymers,” Chin. J. Polym. Sci. 28(3), 323–330 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. L. Forster, D. F. Parra, J. Kai, D. M. Fermino, H. F. Brito, and A. B. Lugao, “Effects of gamma radiation on the photoluminescence properties of polycarbonate matrices doped with terbium complex,” Radiat. Phys. Chem. 79(3), 347–349 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. B. A. Raj, B. Francis, M. L. P. Reddy, R. R. Butorac, V. M. Lynch, and A. H. Cowley, “Highly Luminescent Poly(Methyl Methacrylate)-Incorporated Europium Complex Supported by a Carbazole-Based Fluorinated β-Diketonate Ligand and a 4,5-Bis(diphenylphosphino)-9,9-dimethylxanthene Oxide Co-Ligand,” Inorg. Chem. 49(19), 9055–9063 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

A. Balamurugan, M. L. P. Reddy, and M. Jayakannan, “Single Polymer Photosensitizer for Tb3+ and Eu3+ Ions: An Approach for White Light Emission Based on Carboxylic-Functionalized Poly(m-phenylenevinylene)s,” J. Phys. Chem. B 113(43), 14128–14138 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. G. Lv, Y. H. Zhao, Z. W. Yang, C. J. Liu, H. Yan, G. Li, H. Liu, and J. Xie, “Luminescent property of a novel rare earth complex Eu(TTA)2NH2-Phen3,” Synth. Met. 159(23–24), 2530–2533 (2009).
[Crossref]

Z. H. Zhang, Y. H. Wang, and X. X. Li, “Synthesis and Photoluminescence of Green-Emitting X2-(Y,Gd)2Sio5:Tb3+ Phosphor under Vuv Excitation,” Biolum. Chemilum. 13, 329–332 (2009).

2008 (2)

J. Kai, D. F. Parra, and H. F. Brito, “Polymer matrix sensitizing effect on photoluminescence properties of Eu3+-beta-diketonate complex doped into poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) in film form,” J. Mater. Chem. 18(38), 4549–4554 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Won, H. S. Jang, W. Bin Im, and D. Y. Jeon, “Red-emitting LiLa2O2BO3: Sm3+, Eu3+ phosphor for near-ultraviolet light-emitting diodes-based solid-state lighting,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 155(9), J226–J229 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (4)

H. S. Jang and D. Y. Jeon, “White light emission from blue and near ultraviolet light-emitting diodes precoated with a Sr3SiO5:Ce3+,Li+ phosphor,” Opt. Lett. 32(23), 3444–3446 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Shunmugam and G. N. Tew, “Dialing in color with rare earth metals: facile photoluminescent production of true white light,” Polym. Adv. Technol. 18(11), 940–945 (2007).
[Crossref]

O. Toma, E. Osiac, and S. Georgescu, “Pump wavelengths for an Er: YLiF4 green-emitting laser,” Opt. Mater. 30(1), 181–183 (2007).
[Crossref]

F. J. Zhang, Z. Xu, S. L. Zhao, L. Liu, W. W. Jiang, B. Sun, D. Liu, J. Z. Huang, and J. Pei, “Electroluminescence of Tb(o-BBA)3(phen) based on an organic-inorganic heterostructure,” J. Lumin. 122-123, 727–729 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

D. F. Parra, H. F. Brito, and A. B. Lugao, “Influence of the gamma irradiation on photoluminescence properties of DGMA doped with Eu3+-beta-diketonate complex,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. B 236(1–4), 235–240 (2005).
[Crossref]

1964 (1)

M. L. Bhaumik and C. L. Telk, “Fluorescence quantum efficiency of rare-earthchelates,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 54(10), 1211–1214 (1964).
[Crossref]

1963 (1)

N. E. Wolff and R. J. Pressley, “Optical master action in Eu3+ containing organic matrix,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 2(8), 152–154 (1963).
[Crossref]

Balamurugan, A.

A. Balamurugan, M. L. P. Reddy, and M. Jayakannan, “Single Polymer Photosensitizer for Tb3+ and Eu3+ Ions: An Approach for White Light Emission Based on Carboxylic-Functionalized Poly(m-phenylenevinylene)s,” J. Phys. Chem. B 113(43), 14128–14138 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bhaumik, M. L.

M. L. Bhaumik and C. L. Telk, “Fluorescence quantum efficiency of rare-earthchelates,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 54(10), 1211–1214 (1964).
[Crossref]

Bin Im, W.

Y. H. Won, H. S. Jang, W. Bin Im, and D. Y. Jeon, “Red-emitting LiLa2O2BO3: Sm3+, Eu3+ phosphor for near-ultraviolet light-emitting diodes-based solid-state lighting,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 155(9), J226–J229 (2008).
[Crossref]

Brik, M. G.

Y. Jin, M. H. Fang, M. Grinberg, S. Mahlik, T. Lesniewski, M. G. Brik, G. Y. Luo, J. G. Lin, and R. S. Liu, “Narrow Red Emission Band Fluoride Phosphor KNaSiF6:Mn4+ for Warm White Light-Emitting Diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(18), 11194–11203 (2016).
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P. L. Forster, D. F. Parra, J. Kai, D. M. Fermino, H. F. Brito, and A. B. Lugao, “Effects of gamma radiation on the photoluminescence properties of polycarbonate matrices doped with terbium complex,” Radiat. Phys. Chem. 79(3), 347–349 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Kai, D. F. Parra, and H. F. Brito, “Polymer matrix sensitizing effect on photoluminescence properties of Eu3+-beta-diketonate complex doped into poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) in film form,” J. Mater. Chem. 18(38), 4549–4554 (2008).
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D. F. Parra, H. F. Brito, and A. B. Lugao, “Influence of the gamma irradiation on photoluminescence properties of DGMA doped with Eu3+-beta-diketonate complex,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. B 236(1–4), 235–240 (2005).
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A. Fischer, T. Koprucki, K. Gartner, M. L. Tietze, J. Bruckner, B. Lussem, K. Leo, A. Glitzky, and R. Scholz, “Feel the Heat: Nonlinear Electrothermal Feedback in Organic LEDs,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(22), 3367–3374 (2014).
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D. B. A. Raj, B. Francis, M. L. P. Reddy, R. R. Butorac, V. M. Lynch, and A. H. Cowley, “Highly Luminescent Poly(Methyl Methacrylate)-Incorporated Europium Complex Supported by a Carbazole-Based Fluorinated β-Diketonate Ligand and a 4,5-Bis(diphenylphosphino)-9,9-dimethylxanthene Oxide Co-Ligand,” Inorg. Chem. 49(19), 9055–9063 (2010).
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Canaj, A. B.

A. B. Canaj, D. I. Tzimopoulos, A. Philippidis, G. E. Kostakis, and C. J. Milios, “A Strongly Blue-Emitting Heptametallic [DyIII7] Centered-Octahedral Single-Molecule Magnet,” Inorg. Chem. 51(14), 7451–7453 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Che, M. S.

L. Yao, S. P. Wen, X. Duan, X. D. Hu, M. S. Che, W. F. Jing, H. L. Liu, and L. Liu, “Self-polymerization of Eu(TTA)3AA in rubber and their fluorescence effect,” J. Rare Earths 31(12), 1130–1136 (2013).
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Chen, Y.

S. Huang, Y. Chen, X. Wei, and M. Yin, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of NaSrPO4:Eu2+, Tb3+, Mn2+ for WLED,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 14(6), 4574–4578 (2014).
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Chen, Z.

X. Jiang, Z. Chen, S. Huang, J. Wang, and Y. Pan, “A red phosphor BaTiF(6):Mn(4+): reaction mechanism, microstructures, optical properties, and applications for white LEDs,” Dalton Trans. 43(25), 9414–9418 (2014).
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C. H. Chiang, S.-J. Gong, T.-S. Zhan, K.-C. Cheng, and S.-Y. Chu, “Light-Emitting Diodes With High Color Rendering Index and Tunable Color Temperature Fabricated Using Separated Phosphor Layer Structure,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 37(7), 898–901 (2016).
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C. H. Chiang, S.-J. Gong, T.-S. Zhan, K.-C. Cheng, and S.-Y. Chu, “Light-Emitting Diodes With High Color Rendering Index and Tunable Color Temperature Fabricated Using Separated Phosphor Layer Structure,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 37(7), 898–901 (2016).
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H. Y. Lin, Y. C. Fang, and S. Y. Chu, “Energy Transfer Sm3+→Eu3+ in Potential Red Phosphor (Ca, Ba) 3(VO4)2:Sm3+, Eu3+ for Use in Organic Solar Cells and White Light-Emitting Diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(11), 3850–3856 (2010).
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Chu, S.-Y.

C. H. Chiang, S.-J. Gong, T.-S. Zhan, K.-C. Cheng, and S.-Y. Chu, “Light-Emitting Diodes With High Color Rendering Index and Tunable Color Temperature Fabricated Using Separated Phosphor Layer Structure,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 37(7), 898–901 (2016).
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Cowley, A. H.

D. B. A. Raj, B. Francis, M. L. P. Reddy, R. R. Butorac, V. M. Lynch, and A. H. Cowley, “Highly Luminescent Poly(Methyl Methacrylate)-Incorporated Europium Complex Supported by a Carbazole-Based Fluorinated β-Diketonate Ligand and a 4,5-Bis(diphenylphosphino)-9,9-dimethylxanthene Oxide Co-Ligand,” Inorg. Chem. 49(19), 9055–9063 (2010).
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Deng, D. G.

D. G. Deng, H. Yu, Y. Q. Li, Y. J. Hua, G. H. Jia, S. L. Zhao, H. P. Wang, L. H. Huang, Y. Y. Li, C. X. Li, and S. Q. Xu, “Ca4(PO4)2O:Eu2+ red-emitting phosphor for solid-state lighting: structure, luminescent properties and white light emitting diode application,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(19), 3194–3199 (2013).
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S. J. Liang, J. P. Deng, and W. T. Yang, “Monomer reactivity ratio and thermal performance of alpha-methyl styrene and glycidyl methacrylate copolymers,” Chin. J. Polym. Sci. 28(3), 323–330 (2010).
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G. B. Nair and S. J. Dhoble, “White Light Emitting MZr4(PO4)6:Dy3+ (M = Ca, Sr, Ba) Phosphors for WLEDs,” J. Fluoresc. 27(2), 575–585 (2017).
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Duan, X.

L. Yao, S. P. Wen, X. Duan, X. D. Hu, M. S. Che, W. F. Jing, H. L. Liu, and L. Liu, “Self-polymerization of Eu(TTA)3AA in rubber and their fluorescence effect,” J. Rare Earths 31(12), 1130–1136 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fang, M. H.

Y. Jin, M. H. Fang, M. Grinberg, S. Mahlik, T. Lesniewski, M. G. Brik, G. Y. Luo, J. G. Lin, and R. S. Liu, “Narrow Red Emission Band Fluoride Phosphor KNaSiF6:Mn4+ for Warm White Light-Emitting Diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(18), 11194–11203 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fang, Y. C.

H. Y. Lin, Y. C. Fang, and S. Y. Chu, “Energy Transfer Sm3+→Eu3+ in Potential Red Phosphor (Ca, Ba) 3(VO4)2:Sm3+, Eu3+ for Use in Organic Solar Cells and White Light-Emitting Diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(11), 3850–3856 (2010).
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Feng, X.

F. Zhang, X. Feng, Y. Zhang, L. Yan, Y. Yang, and X. Liu, “Photoluminescent carbon quantum dots as a directly film-forming phosphor towards white LEDs,” Nanoscale 8(16), 8618–8632 (2016).
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Fermino, D. M.

P. L. Forster, D. F. Parra, J. Kai, D. M. Fermino, H. F. Brito, and A. B. Lugao, “Effects of gamma radiation on the photoluminescence properties of polycarbonate matrices doped with terbium complex,” Radiat. Phys. Chem. 79(3), 347–349 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fischer, A.

A. Fischer, T. Koprucki, K. Gartner, M. L. Tietze, J. Bruckner, B. Lussem, K. Leo, A. Glitzky, and R. Scholz, “Feel the Heat: Nonlinear Electrothermal Feedback in Organic LEDs,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(22), 3367–3374 (2014).
[Crossref]

Forster, P. L.

P. L. Forster, D. F. Parra, J. Kai, D. M. Fermino, H. F. Brito, and A. B. Lugao, “Effects of gamma radiation on the photoluminescence properties of polycarbonate matrices doped with terbium complex,” Radiat. Phys. Chem. 79(3), 347–349 (2010).
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Francis, B.

D. B. A. Raj, B. Francis, M. L. P. Reddy, R. R. Butorac, V. M. Lynch, and A. H. Cowley, “Highly Luminescent Poly(Methyl Methacrylate)-Incorporated Europium Complex Supported by a Carbazole-Based Fluorinated β-Diketonate Ligand and a 4,5-Bis(diphenylphosphino)-9,9-dimethylxanthene Oxide Co-Ligand,” Inorg. Chem. 49(19), 9055–9063 (2010).
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Fushimi, K.

M. Yamamoto, T. Nakanishi, Y. Kitagawa, K. Fushimi, and Y. Hasegawa, “Luminescent Eu(III) coordination polymer cross-linked with Zn(II) complexes,” Mater. Lett. 167, 183–187 (2016).
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B. Gao, N. Shi, and Z. Qiao, “Structure and luminescent property of complexes of aryl carboxylic acid-functionalized polystyrene with Eu(III) and Tb(III) ions,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 150, 565–574 (2015).
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O. Toma, E. Osiac, and S. Georgescu, “Pump wavelengths for an Er: YLiF4 green-emitting laser,” Opt. Mater. 30(1), 181–183 (2007).
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A. Gill, C. Hong, D. Gromadzki, and M. Maric, “Reactive compatibilization of poly(styrene-ran-acrylonitrile)/poly(ethylene) blends through the acid-epoxy reaction,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 133(44), 457–463 (2016).
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A. Fischer, T. Koprucki, K. Gartner, M. L. Tietze, J. Bruckner, B. Lussem, K. Leo, A. Glitzky, and R. Scholz, “Feel the Heat: Nonlinear Electrothermal Feedback in Organic LEDs,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(22), 3367–3374 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gong, S.-J.

C. H. Chiang, S.-J. Gong, T.-S. Zhan, K.-C. Cheng, and S.-Y. Chu, “Light-Emitting Diodes With High Color Rendering Index and Tunable Color Temperature Fabricated Using Separated Phosphor Layer Structure,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 37(7), 898–901 (2016).
[Crossref]

Grinberg, M.

Y. Jin, M. H. Fang, M. Grinberg, S. Mahlik, T. Lesniewski, M. G. Brik, G. Y. Luo, J. G. Lin, and R. S. Liu, “Narrow Red Emission Band Fluoride Phosphor KNaSiF6:Mn4+ for Warm White Light-Emitting Diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(18), 11194–11203 (2016).
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Gromadzki, D.

A. Gill, C. Hong, D. Gromadzki, and M. Maric, “Reactive compatibilization of poly(styrene-ran-acrylonitrile)/poly(ethylene) blends through the acid-epoxy reaction,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 133(44), 457–463 (2016).
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Hao, X. D.

A. Q. Zhang, X. D. Hao, J. L. Zhang, H. S. Jia, X. G. Liu, and B. S. Xu, “Tuning of the emission chromaticity of Eu, Gd, Be-containing copolymers,” Opt. Mater. 37, 5–10 (2014).
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Hao, Z.

L. Zhang, J. Zhang, G. H. Pan, X. Zhang, Z. Hao, Y. Luo, and H. Wu, “Low-Concentration Eu2+-Doped SrAlSi4N7: Ce3+ Yellow Phosphor for wLEDs with Improved Color-Rendering Index,” Inorg. Chem. 55(19), 9736–9741 (2016).
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Hasegawa, Y.

M. Yamamoto, T. Nakanishi, Y. Kitagawa, K. Fushimi, and Y. Hasegawa, “Luminescent Eu(III) coordination polymer cross-linked with Zn(II) complexes,” Mater. Lett. 167, 183–187 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hong, C.

A. Gill, C. Hong, D. Gromadzki, and M. Maric, “Reactive compatibilization of poly(styrene-ran-acrylonitrile)/poly(ethylene) blends through the acid-epoxy reaction,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 133(44), 457–463 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hu, X. D.

L. Yao, S. P. Wen, X. Duan, X. D. Hu, M. S. Che, W. F. Jing, H. L. Liu, and L. Liu, “Self-polymerization of Eu(TTA)3AA in rubber and their fluorescence effect,” J. Rare Earths 31(12), 1130–1136 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hua, Y. J.

D. G. Deng, H. Yu, Y. Q. Li, Y. J. Hua, G. H. Jia, S. L. Zhao, H. P. Wang, L. H. Huang, Y. Y. Li, C. X. Li, and S. Q. Xu, “Ca4(PO4)2O:Eu2+ red-emitting phosphor for solid-state lighting: structure, luminescent properties and white light emitting diode application,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(19), 3194–3199 (2013).
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Huang, J. Z.

F. J. Zhang, Z. Xu, S. L. Zhao, L. Liu, W. W. Jiang, B. Sun, D. Liu, J. Z. Huang, and J. Pei, “Electroluminescence of Tb(o-BBA)3(phen) based on an organic-inorganic heterostructure,” J. Lumin. 122-123, 727–729 (2007).
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Huang, L. H.

D. G. Deng, H. Yu, Y. Q. Li, Y. J. Hua, G. H. Jia, S. L. Zhao, H. P. Wang, L. H. Huang, Y. Y. Li, C. X. Li, and S. Q. Xu, “Ca4(PO4)2O:Eu2+ red-emitting phosphor for solid-state lighting: structure, luminescent properties and white light emitting diode application,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(19), 3194–3199 (2013).
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Huang, S.

S. Huang, Y. Chen, X. Wei, and M. Yin, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of NaSrPO4:Eu2+, Tb3+, Mn2+ for WLED,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 14(6), 4574–4578 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Jiang, Z. Chen, S. Huang, J. Wang, and Y. Pan, “A red phosphor BaTiF(6):Mn(4+): reaction mechanism, microstructures, optical properties, and applications for white LEDs,” Dalton Trans. 43(25), 9414–9418 (2014).
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Jang, H. S.

Y. H. Won, H. S. Jang, W. Bin Im, and D. Y. Jeon, “Red-emitting LiLa2O2BO3: Sm3+, Eu3+ phosphor for near-ultraviolet light-emitting diodes-based solid-state lighting,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 155(9), J226–J229 (2008).
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H. S. Jang and D. Y. Jeon, “White light emission from blue and near ultraviolet light-emitting diodes precoated with a Sr3SiO5:Ce3+,Li+ phosphor,” Opt. Lett. 32(23), 3444–3446 (2007).
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Jayakannan, M.

A. Balamurugan, M. L. P. Reddy, and M. Jayakannan, “Single Polymer Photosensitizer for Tb3+ and Eu3+ Ions: An Approach for White Light Emission Based on Carboxylic-Functionalized Poly(m-phenylenevinylene)s,” J. Phys. Chem. B 113(43), 14128–14138 (2009).
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Jeon, D. Y.

Y. H. Won, H. S. Jang, W. Bin Im, and D. Y. Jeon, “Red-emitting LiLa2O2BO3: Sm3+, Eu3+ phosphor for near-ultraviolet light-emitting diodes-based solid-state lighting,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 155(9), J226–J229 (2008).
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H. S. Jang and D. Y. Jeon, “White light emission from blue and near ultraviolet light-emitting diodes precoated with a Sr3SiO5:Ce3+,Li+ phosphor,” Opt. Lett. 32(23), 3444–3446 (2007).
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Jia, G. H.

D. G. Deng, H. Yu, Y. Q. Li, Y. J. Hua, G. H. Jia, S. L. Zhao, H. P. Wang, L. H. Huang, Y. Y. Li, C. X. Li, and S. Q. Xu, “Ca4(PO4)2O:Eu2+ red-emitting phosphor for solid-state lighting: structure, luminescent properties and white light emitting diode application,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(19), 3194–3199 (2013).
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Jia, H. S.

A. Q. Zhang, Y. M. Yang, G. M. Zhai, H. S. Jia, and B. S. Xu, “Tuning the chromaticity of the emission color of the copolymers containing Eu(III), Tb(III), Be(II) ions based on colorimetric principle,” Opt. Mater. 52, 92–99 (2016).
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N. Q. Sun, X. J. Zhao, Y. M. Yang, L. P. Li, A. Q. Zhang, H. S. Jia, and X. G. Liu, “Synthesis and luminescent properties of terbium complex containing 4-benzoylbenzoic acid for application in NUV-based LED,” J. Rare Earths 34(2), 130–136 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Q. Zhang, N. Q. Sun, L. P. Li, Y. M. Yang, X. J. Zhao, H. S. Jia, X. G. Liu, and B. S. Xu, “Tunable white light emission of Eu,Tb,Zn-containing copolymers by RAFT polymerization,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(38), 9933–9941 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Q. Zhang, X. D. Hao, J. L. Zhang, H. S. Jia, X. G. Liu, and B. S. Xu, “Tuning of the emission chromaticity of Eu, Gd, Be-containing copolymers,” Opt. Mater. 37, 5–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Q. Zhang, J. L. Zhang, Q. L. Pan, S. H. Wang, H. S. Jia, and B. S. Xu, “Synthesis, photoluminescence and intramolecular energy transfer model of a dysprosium complex,” J. Lumin. 132(4), 965–971 (2012).
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Jiang, W. W.

F. J. Zhang, Z. Xu, S. L. Zhao, L. Liu, W. W. Jiang, B. Sun, D. Liu, J. Z. Huang, and J. Pei, “Electroluminescence of Tb(o-BBA)3(phen) based on an organic-inorganic heterostructure,” J. Lumin. 122-123, 727–729 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jiang, X.

X. Jiang, Z. Chen, S. Huang, J. Wang, and Y. Pan, “A red phosphor BaTiF(6):Mn(4+): reaction mechanism, microstructures, optical properties, and applications for white LEDs,” Dalton Trans. 43(25), 9414–9418 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jin, Y.

Y. Jin, M. H. Fang, M. Grinberg, S. Mahlik, T. Lesniewski, M. G. Brik, G. Y. Luo, J. G. Lin, and R. S. Liu, “Narrow Red Emission Band Fluoride Phosphor KNaSiF6:Mn4+ for Warm White Light-Emitting Diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(18), 11194–11203 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jing, W. F.

L. Yao, S. P. Wen, X. Duan, X. D. Hu, M. S. Che, W. F. Jing, H. L. Liu, and L. Liu, “Self-polymerization of Eu(TTA)3AA in rubber and their fluorescence effect,” J. Rare Earths 31(12), 1130–1136 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kai, J.

P. L. Forster, D. F. Parra, J. Kai, D. M. Fermino, H. F. Brito, and A. B. Lugao, “Effects of gamma radiation on the photoluminescence properties of polycarbonate matrices doped with terbium complex,” Radiat. Phys. Chem. 79(3), 347–349 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Kai, D. F. Parra, and H. F. Brito, “Polymer matrix sensitizing effect on photoluminescence properties of Eu3+-beta-diketonate complex doped into poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) in film form,” J. Mater. Chem. 18(38), 4549–4554 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kang, F.

F. Kang, Y. Zhang, and M. Peng, “Controlling the Energy Transfer via Multi Luminescent Centers to Achieve White Light/Tunable Emissions in a Single-Phased X2-type Y2SiO5:Eu3+,Bi3+ Phosphor For Ultraviolet Converted LEDs,” Inorg. Chem. 54(4), 1462–1473 (2015).
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Kitagawa, Y.

M. Yamamoto, T. Nakanishi, Y. Kitagawa, K. Fushimi, and Y. Hasegawa, “Luminescent Eu(III) coordination polymer cross-linked with Zn(II) complexes,” Mater. Lett. 167, 183–187 (2016).
[Crossref]

Koprucki, T.

A. Fischer, T. Koprucki, K. Gartner, M. L. Tietze, J. Bruckner, B. Lussem, K. Leo, A. Glitzky, and R. Scholz, “Feel the Heat: Nonlinear Electrothermal Feedback in Organic LEDs,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(22), 3367–3374 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kostakis, G. E.

A. B. Canaj, D. I. Tzimopoulos, A. Philippidis, G. E. Kostakis, and C. J. Milios, “A Strongly Blue-Emitting Heptametallic [DyIII7] Centered-Octahedral Single-Molecule Magnet,” Inorg. Chem. 51(14), 7451–7453 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leo, K.

A. Fischer, T. Koprucki, K. Gartner, M. L. Tietze, J. Bruckner, B. Lussem, K. Leo, A. Glitzky, and R. Scholz, “Feel the Heat: Nonlinear Electrothermal Feedback in Organic LEDs,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(22), 3367–3374 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lesniewski, T.

Y. Jin, M. H. Fang, M. Grinberg, S. Mahlik, T. Lesniewski, M. G. Brik, G. Y. Luo, J. G. Lin, and R. S. Liu, “Narrow Red Emission Band Fluoride Phosphor KNaSiF6:Mn4+ for Warm White Light-Emitting Diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(18), 11194–11203 (2016).
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M. Shang, C. Li, and J. Lin, “How to produce white light in a single-phase host?” Chem. Soc. Rev. 43(5), 1372–1386 (2014).
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M. Shang, C. Li, and J. Lin, “How to produce white light in a single-phase host?” Chem. Soc. Rev. 43(5), 1372–1386 (2014).
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D. G. Deng, H. Yu, Y. Q. Li, Y. J. Hua, G. H. Jia, S. L. Zhao, H. P. Wang, L. H. Huang, Y. Y. Li, C. X. Li, and S. Q. Xu, “Ca4(PO4)2O:Eu2+ red-emitting phosphor for solid-state lighting: structure, luminescent properties and white light emitting diode application,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(19), 3194–3199 (2013).
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Li, G.

Y. G. Lv, Y. H. Zhao, Z. W. Yang, C. J. Liu, H. Yan, G. Li, H. Liu, and J. Xie, “Luminescent property of a novel rare earth complex Eu(TTA)2NH2-Phen3,” Synth. Met. 159(23–24), 2530–2533 (2009).
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Li, L. P.

N. Q. Sun, X. J. Zhao, Y. M. Yang, L. P. Li, A. Q. Zhang, H. S. Jia, and X. G. Liu, “Synthesis and luminescent properties of terbium complex containing 4-benzoylbenzoic acid for application in NUV-based LED,” J. Rare Earths 34(2), 130–136 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Q. Zhang, N. Q. Sun, L. P. Li, Y. M. Yang, X. J. Zhao, H. S. Jia, X. G. Liu, and B. S. Xu, “Tunable white light emission of Eu,Tb,Zn-containing copolymers by RAFT polymerization,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(38), 9933–9941 (2015).
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Li, X. X.

Z. H. Zhang, Y. H. Wang, and X. X. Li, “Synthesis and Photoluminescence of Green-Emitting X2-(Y,Gd)2Sio5:Tb3+ Phosphor under Vuv Excitation,” Biolum. Chemilum. 13, 329–332 (2009).

Li, Y. Q.

D. G. Deng, H. Yu, Y. Q. Li, Y. J. Hua, G. H. Jia, S. L. Zhao, H. P. Wang, L. H. Huang, Y. Y. Li, C. X. Li, and S. Q. Xu, “Ca4(PO4)2O:Eu2+ red-emitting phosphor for solid-state lighting: structure, luminescent properties and white light emitting diode application,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(19), 3194–3199 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, Y. Y.

D. G. Deng, H. Yu, Y. Q. Li, Y. J. Hua, G. H. Jia, S. L. Zhao, H. P. Wang, L. H. Huang, Y. Y. Li, C. X. Li, and S. Q. Xu, “Ca4(PO4)2O:Eu2+ red-emitting phosphor for solid-state lighting: structure, luminescent properties and white light emitting diode application,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(19), 3194–3199 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liang, S. J.

S. J. Liang, J. P. Deng, and W. T. Yang, “Monomer reactivity ratio and thermal performance of alpha-methyl styrene and glycidyl methacrylate copolymers,” Chin. J. Polym. Sci. 28(3), 323–330 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lin, H. Y.

H. Y. Lin, Y. C. Fang, and S. Y. Chu, “Energy Transfer Sm3+→Eu3+ in Potential Red Phosphor (Ca, Ba) 3(VO4)2:Sm3+, Eu3+ for Use in Organic Solar Cells and White Light-Emitting Diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(11), 3850–3856 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lin, J.

M. Shang, C. Li, and J. Lin, “How to produce white light in a single-phase host?” Chem. Soc. Rev. 43(5), 1372–1386 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Shang, C. Li, and J. Lin, “How to produce white light in a single-phase host?” Chem. Soc. Rev. 43(5), 1372–1386 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, J. G.

Y. Jin, M. H. Fang, M. Grinberg, S. Mahlik, T. Lesniewski, M. G. Brik, G. Y. Luo, J. G. Lin, and R. S. Liu, “Narrow Red Emission Band Fluoride Phosphor KNaSiF6:Mn4+ for Warm White Light-Emitting Diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(18), 11194–11203 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, M.

D. Zhou, M. Liu, M. Lin, X. Bu, X. Luo, H. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Hydrazine-mediated construction of nanocrystal self-assembly materials,” ACS Nano 8(10), 10569–10581 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, C. J.

Y. G. Lv, Y. H. Zhao, Z. W. Yang, C. J. Liu, H. Yan, G. Li, H. Liu, and J. Xie, “Luminescent property of a novel rare earth complex Eu(TTA)2NH2-Phen3,” Synth. Met. 159(23–24), 2530–2533 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, D.

F. J. Zhang, Z. Xu, S. L. Zhao, L. Liu, W. W. Jiang, B. Sun, D. Liu, J. Z. Huang, and J. Pei, “Electroluminescence of Tb(o-BBA)3(phen) based on an organic-inorganic heterostructure,” J. Lumin. 122-123, 727–729 (2007).
[Crossref]

Liu, H.

Y. G. Lv, Y. H. Zhao, Z. W. Yang, C. J. Liu, H. Yan, G. Li, H. Liu, and J. Xie, “Luminescent property of a novel rare earth complex Eu(TTA)2NH2-Phen3,” Synth. Met. 159(23–24), 2530–2533 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, H. L.

L. Yao, S. P. Wen, X. Duan, X. D. Hu, M. S. Che, W. F. Jing, H. L. Liu, and L. Liu, “Self-polymerization of Eu(TTA)3AA in rubber and their fluorescence effect,” J. Rare Earths 31(12), 1130–1136 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, L.

L. Yao, S. P. Wen, X. Duan, X. D. Hu, M. S. Che, W. F. Jing, H. L. Liu, and L. Liu, “Self-polymerization of Eu(TTA)3AA in rubber and their fluorescence effect,” J. Rare Earths 31(12), 1130–1136 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. J. Zhang, Z. Xu, S. L. Zhao, L. Liu, W. W. Jiang, B. Sun, D. Liu, J. Z. Huang, and J. Pei, “Electroluminescence of Tb(o-BBA)3(phen) based on an organic-inorganic heterostructure,” J. Lumin. 122-123, 727–729 (2007).
[Crossref]

Liu, M.

D. Zhou, M. Liu, M. Lin, X. Bu, X. Luo, H. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Hydrazine-mediated construction of nanocrystal self-assembly materials,” ACS Nano 8(10), 10569–10581 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, R. S.

Y. Jin, M. H. Fang, M. Grinberg, S. Mahlik, T. Lesniewski, M. G. Brik, G. Y. Luo, J. G. Lin, and R. S. Liu, “Narrow Red Emission Band Fluoride Phosphor KNaSiF6:Mn4+ for Warm White Light-Emitting Diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(18), 11194–11203 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

F. Zhang, X. Feng, Y. Zhang, L. Yan, Y. Yang, and X. Liu, “Photoluminescent carbon quantum dots as a directly film-forming phosphor towards white LEDs,” Nanoscale 8(16), 8618–8632 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, X. G.

N. Q. Sun, X. J. Zhao, Y. M. Yang, L. P. Li, A. Q. Zhang, H. S. Jia, and X. G. Liu, “Synthesis and luminescent properties of terbium complex containing 4-benzoylbenzoic acid for application in NUV-based LED,” J. Rare Earths 34(2), 130–136 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Q. Zhang, N. Q. Sun, L. P. Li, Y. M. Yang, X. J. Zhao, H. S. Jia, X. G. Liu, and B. S. Xu, “Tunable white light emission of Eu,Tb,Zn-containing copolymers by RAFT polymerization,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(38), 9933–9941 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Q. Zhang, X. D. Hao, J. L. Zhang, H. S. Jia, X. G. Liu, and B. S. Xu, “Tuning of the emission chromaticity of Eu, Gd, Be-containing copolymers,” Opt. Mater. 37, 5–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lugao, A. B.

P. L. Forster, D. F. Parra, J. Kai, D. M. Fermino, H. F. Brito, and A. B. Lugao, “Effects of gamma radiation on the photoluminescence properties of polycarbonate matrices doped with terbium complex,” Radiat. Phys. Chem. 79(3), 347–349 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. F. Parra, H. F. Brito, and A. B. Lugao, “Influence of the gamma irradiation on photoluminescence properties of DGMA doped with Eu3+-beta-diketonate complex,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. B 236(1–4), 235–240 (2005).
[Crossref]

Luo, G. Y.

Y. Jin, M. H. Fang, M. Grinberg, S. Mahlik, T. Lesniewski, M. G. Brik, G. Y. Luo, J. G. Lin, and R. S. Liu, “Narrow Red Emission Band Fluoride Phosphor KNaSiF6:Mn4+ for Warm White Light-Emitting Diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(18), 11194–11203 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, X.

D. Zhou, M. Liu, M. Lin, X. Bu, X. Luo, H. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Hydrazine-mediated construction of nanocrystal self-assembly materials,” ACS Nano 8(10), 10569–10581 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, Y.

L. Zhang, J. Zhang, G. H. Pan, X. Zhang, Z. Hao, Y. Luo, and H. Wu, “Low-Concentration Eu2+-Doped SrAlSi4N7: Ce3+ Yellow Phosphor for wLEDs with Improved Color-Rendering Index,” Inorg. Chem. 55(19), 9736–9741 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lussem, B.

A. Fischer, T. Koprucki, K. Gartner, M. L. Tietze, J. Bruckner, B. Lussem, K. Leo, A. Glitzky, and R. Scholz, “Feel the Heat: Nonlinear Electrothermal Feedback in Organic LEDs,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(22), 3367–3374 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lv, Y. G.

Y. G. Lv, Y. H. Zhao, Z. W. Yang, C. J. Liu, H. Yan, G. Li, H. Liu, and J. Xie, “Luminescent property of a novel rare earth complex Eu(TTA)2NH2-Phen3,” Synth. Met. 159(23–24), 2530–2533 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lynch, V. M.

D. B. A. Raj, B. Francis, M. L. P. Reddy, R. R. Butorac, V. M. Lynch, and A. H. Cowley, “Highly Luminescent Poly(Methyl Methacrylate)-Incorporated Europium Complex Supported by a Carbazole-Based Fluorinated β-Diketonate Ligand and a 4,5-Bis(diphenylphosphino)-9,9-dimethylxanthene Oxide Co-Ligand,” Inorg. Chem. 49(19), 9055–9063 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mahlik, S.

Y. Jin, M. H. Fang, M. Grinberg, S. Mahlik, T. Lesniewski, M. G. Brik, G. Y. Luo, J. G. Lin, and R. S. Liu, “Narrow Red Emission Band Fluoride Phosphor KNaSiF6:Mn4+ for Warm White Light-Emitting Diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(18), 11194–11203 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maric, M.

A. Gill, C. Hong, D. Gromadzki, and M. Maric, “Reactive compatibilization of poly(styrene-ran-acrylonitrile)/poly(ethylene) blends through the acid-epoxy reaction,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 133(44), 457–463 (2016).
[Crossref]

Milios, C. J.

A. B. Canaj, D. I. Tzimopoulos, A. Philippidis, G. E. Kostakis, and C. J. Milios, “A Strongly Blue-Emitting Heptametallic [DyIII7] Centered-Octahedral Single-Molecule Magnet,” Inorg. Chem. 51(14), 7451–7453 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Muesmann, T. W. T.

C. Zitzer, T. W. T. Muesmann, J. Christoffers, and M. S. Wickleder, “Crystal Engineering with the New Linker Tolanedisulfonic Acid (H2 TDS): Helical Chains in Zn(TDS)(DMA)3, Linear Chains in Zn(TDS)(NMP)3, and Complex Anions in [HDMA]2 [Zn(TDS)2 (DMA)3 ](DMA)2.,” Chem. Asian J. 10(6), 1354–1362 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nair, G. B.

G. B. Nair and S. J. Dhoble, “White Light Emitting MZr4(PO4)6:Dy3+ (M = Ca, Sr, Ba) Phosphors for WLEDs,” J. Fluoresc. 27(2), 575–585 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nakanishi, T.

M. Yamamoto, T. Nakanishi, Y. Kitagawa, K. Fushimi, and Y. Hasegawa, “Luminescent Eu(III) coordination polymer cross-linked with Zn(II) complexes,” Mater. Lett. 167, 183–187 (2016).
[Crossref]

Osiac, E.

O. Toma, E. Osiac, and S. Georgescu, “Pump wavelengths for an Er: YLiF4 green-emitting laser,” Opt. Mater. 30(1), 181–183 (2007).
[Crossref]

Pan, G. H.

L. Zhang, J. Zhang, G. H. Pan, X. Zhang, Z. Hao, Y. Luo, and H. Wu, “Low-Concentration Eu2+-Doped SrAlSi4N7: Ce3+ Yellow Phosphor for wLEDs with Improved Color-Rendering Index,” Inorg. Chem. 55(19), 9736–9741 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pan, Q. L.

A. Q. Zhang, J. L. Zhang, Q. L. Pan, S. H. Wang, H. S. Jia, and B. S. Xu, “Synthesis, photoluminescence and intramolecular energy transfer model of a dysprosium complex,” J. Lumin. 132(4), 965–971 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pan, Y.

X. Jiang, Z. Chen, S. Huang, J. Wang, and Y. Pan, “A red phosphor BaTiF(6):Mn(4+): reaction mechanism, microstructures, optical properties, and applications for white LEDs,” Dalton Trans. 43(25), 9414–9418 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Parra, D. F.

P. L. Forster, D. F. Parra, J. Kai, D. M. Fermino, H. F. Brito, and A. B. Lugao, “Effects of gamma radiation on the photoluminescence properties of polycarbonate matrices doped with terbium complex,” Radiat. Phys. Chem. 79(3), 347–349 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Kai, D. F. Parra, and H. F. Brito, “Polymer matrix sensitizing effect on photoluminescence properties of Eu3+-beta-diketonate complex doped into poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) in film form,” J. Mater. Chem. 18(38), 4549–4554 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. F. Parra, H. F. Brito, and A. B. Lugao, “Influence of the gamma irradiation on photoluminescence properties of DGMA doped with Eu3+-beta-diketonate complex,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. B 236(1–4), 235–240 (2005).
[Crossref]

Pei, J.

F. J. Zhang, Z. Xu, S. L. Zhao, L. Liu, W. W. Jiang, B. Sun, D. Liu, J. Z. Huang, and J. Pei, “Electroluminescence of Tb(o-BBA)3(phen) based on an organic-inorganic heterostructure,” J. Lumin. 122-123, 727–729 (2007).
[Crossref]

Peng, M.

F. Kang, Y. Zhang, and M. Peng, “Controlling the Energy Transfer via Multi Luminescent Centers to Achieve White Light/Tunable Emissions in a Single-Phased X2-type Y2SiO5:Eu3+,Bi3+ Phosphor For Ultraviolet Converted LEDs,” Inorg. Chem. 54(4), 1462–1473 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Philippidis, A.

A. B. Canaj, D. I. Tzimopoulos, A. Philippidis, G. E. Kostakis, and C. J. Milios, “A Strongly Blue-Emitting Heptametallic [DyIII7] Centered-Octahedral Single-Molecule Magnet,” Inorg. Chem. 51(14), 7451–7453 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pressley, R. J.

N. E. Wolff and R. J. Pressley, “Optical master action in Eu3+ containing organic matrix,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 2(8), 152–154 (1963).
[Crossref]

Qiao, Z.

B. Gao, N. Shi, and Z. Qiao, “Structure and luminescent property of complexes of aryl carboxylic acid-functionalized polystyrene with Eu(III) and Tb(III) ions,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 150, 565–574 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Raj, D. B. A.

D. B. A. Raj, B. Francis, M. L. P. Reddy, R. R. Butorac, V. M. Lynch, and A. H. Cowley, “Highly Luminescent Poly(Methyl Methacrylate)-Incorporated Europium Complex Supported by a Carbazole-Based Fluorinated β-Diketonate Ligand and a 4,5-Bis(diphenylphosphino)-9,9-dimethylxanthene Oxide Co-Ligand,” Inorg. Chem. 49(19), 9055–9063 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reddy, M. L. P.

D. B. A. Raj, B. Francis, M. L. P. Reddy, R. R. Butorac, V. M. Lynch, and A. H. Cowley, “Highly Luminescent Poly(Methyl Methacrylate)-Incorporated Europium Complex Supported by a Carbazole-Based Fluorinated β-Diketonate Ligand and a 4,5-Bis(diphenylphosphino)-9,9-dimethylxanthene Oxide Co-Ligand,” Inorg. Chem. 49(19), 9055–9063 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Balamurugan, M. L. P. Reddy, and M. Jayakannan, “Single Polymer Photosensitizer for Tb3+ and Eu3+ Ions: An Approach for White Light Emission Based on Carboxylic-Functionalized Poly(m-phenylenevinylene)s,” J. Phys. Chem. B 113(43), 14128–14138 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scholz, R.

A. Fischer, T. Koprucki, K. Gartner, M. L. Tietze, J. Bruckner, B. Lussem, K. Leo, A. Glitzky, and R. Scholz, “Feel the Heat: Nonlinear Electrothermal Feedback in Organic LEDs,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(22), 3367–3374 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shang, M.

M. Shang, C. Li, and J. Lin, “How to produce white light in a single-phase host?” Chem. Soc. Rev. 43(5), 1372–1386 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Shang, C. Li, and J. Lin, “How to produce white light in a single-phase host?” Chem. Soc. Rev. 43(5), 1372–1386 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shi, N.

B. Gao, N. Shi, and Z. Qiao, “Structure and luminescent property of complexes of aryl carboxylic acid-functionalized polystyrene with Eu(III) and Tb(III) ions,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 150, 565–574 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shunmugam, R.

R. Shunmugam and G. N. Tew, “Dialing in color with rare earth metals: facile photoluminescent production of true white light,” Polym. Adv. Technol. 18(11), 940–945 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sun, B.

F. J. Zhang, Z. Xu, S. L. Zhao, L. Liu, W. W. Jiang, B. Sun, D. Liu, J. Z. Huang, and J. Pei, “Electroluminescence of Tb(o-BBA)3(phen) based on an organic-inorganic heterostructure,” J. Lumin. 122-123, 727–729 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sun, N. Q.

N. Q. Sun, X. J. Zhao, Y. M. Yang, L. P. Li, A. Q. Zhang, H. S. Jia, and X. G. Liu, “Synthesis and luminescent properties of terbium complex containing 4-benzoylbenzoic acid for application in NUV-based LED,” J. Rare Earths 34(2), 130–136 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Q. Zhang, N. Q. Sun, L. P. Li, Y. M. Yang, X. J. Zhao, H. S. Jia, X. G. Liu, and B. S. Xu, “Tunable white light emission of Eu,Tb,Zn-containing copolymers by RAFT polymerization,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(38), 9933–9941 (2015).
[Crossref]

Telk, C. L.

M. L. Bhaumik and C. L. Telk, “Fluorescence quantum efficiency of rare-earthchelates,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 54(10), 1211–1214 (1964).
[Crossref]

Tew, G. N.

R. Shunmugam and G. N. Tew, “Dialing in color with rare earth metals: facile photoluminescent production of true white light,” Polym. Adv. Technol. 18(11), 940–945 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tietze, M. L.

A. Fischer, T. Koprucki, K. Gartner, M. L. Tietze, J. Bruckner, B. Lussem, K. Leo, A. Glitzky, and R. Scholz, “Feel the Heat: Nonlinear Electrothermal Feedback in Organic LEDs,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(22), 3367–3374 (2014).
[Crossref]

Toma, O.

O. Toma, E. Osiac, and S. Georgescu, “Pump wavelengths for an Er: YLiF4 green-emitting laser,” Opt. Mater. 30(1), 181–183 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tzimopoulos, D. I.

A. B. Canaj, D. I. Tzimopoulos, A. Philippidis, G. E. Kostakis, and C. J. Milios, “A Strongly Blue-Emitting Heptametallic [DyIII7] Centered-Octahedral Single-Molecule Magnet,” Inorg. Chem. 51(14), 7451–7453 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, H. P.

D. G. Deng, H. Yu, Y. Q. Li, Y. J. Hua, G. H. Jia, S. L. Zhao, H. P. Wang, L. H. Huang, Y. Y. Li, C. X. Li, and S. Q. Xu, “Ca4(PO4)2O:Eu2+ red-emitting phosphor for solid-state lighting: structure, luminescent properties and white light emitting diode application,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(19), 3194–3199 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

X. Jiang, Z. Chen, S. Huang, J. Wang, and Y. Pan, “A red phosphor BaTiF(6):Mn(4+): reaction mechanism, microstructures, optical properties, and applications for white LEDs,” Dalton Trans. 43(25), 9414–9418 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, S. H.

A. Q. Zhang, J. L. Zhang, Q. L. Pan, S. H. Wang, H. S. Jia, and B. S. Xu, “Synthesis, photoluminescence and intramolecular energy transfer model of a dysprosium complex,” J. Lumin. 132(4), 965–971 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y. H.

Z. H. Zhang, Y. H. Wang, and X. X. Li, “Synthesis and Photoluminescence of Green-Emitting X2-(Y,Gd)2Sio5:Tb3+ Phosphor under Vuv Excitation,” Biolum. Chemilum. 13, 329–332 (2009).

Wei, X.

S. Huang, Y. Chen, X. Wei, and M. Yin, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of NaSrPO4:Eu2+, Tb3+, Mn2+ for WLED,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 14(6), 4574–4578 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wen, S. P.

L. Yao, S. P. Wen, X. Duan, X. D. Hu, M. S. Che, W. F. Jing, H. L. Liu, and L. Liu, “Self-polymerization of Eu(TTA)3AA in rubber and their fluorescence effect,” J. Rare Earths 31(12), 1130–1136 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wickleder, M. S.

C. Zitzer, T. W. T. Muesmann, J. Christoffers, and M. S. Wickleder, “Crystal Engineering with the New Linker Tolanedisulfonic Acid (H2 TDS): Helical Chains in Zn(TDS)(DMA)3, Linear Chains in Zn(TDS)(NMP)3, and Complex Anions in [HDMA]2 [Zn(TDS)2 (DMA)3 ](DMA)2.,” Chem. Asian J. 10(6), 1354–1362 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wolff, N. E.

N. E. Wolff and R. J. Pressley, “Optical master action in Eu3+ containing organic matrix,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 2(8), 152–154 (1963).
[Crossref]

Won, Y. H.

Y. H. Won, H. S. Jang, W. Bin Im, and D. Y. Jeon, “Red-emitting LiLa2O2BO3: Sm3+, Eu3+ phosphor for near-ultraviolet light-emitting diodes-based solid-state lighting,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 155(9), J226–J229 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wu, H.

L. Zhang, J. Zhang, G. H. Pan, X. Zhang, Z. Hao, Y. Luo, and H. Wu, “Low-Concentration Eu2+-Doped SrAlSi4N7: Ce3+ Yellow Phosphor for wLEDs with Improved Color-Rendering Index,” Inorg. Chem. 55(19), 9736–9741 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xie, J.

Y. G. Lv, Y. H. Zhao, Z. W. Yang, C. J. Liu, H. Yan, G. Li, H. Liu, and J. Xie, “Luminescent property of a novel rare earth complex Eu(TTA)2NH2-Phen3,” Synth. Met. 159(23–24), 2530–2533 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xu, B. S.

A. Q. Zhang, Y. M. Yang, G. M. Zhai, H. S. Jia, and B. S. Xu, “Tuning the chromaticity of the emission color of the copolymers containing Eu(III), Tb(III), Be(II) ions based on colorimetric principle,” Opt. Mater. 52, 92–99 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Q. Zhang, N. Q. Sun, L. P. Li, Y. M. Yang, X. J. Zhao, H. S. Jia, X. G. Liu, and B. S. Xu, “Tunable white light emission of Eu,Tb,Zn-containing copolymers by RAFT polymerization,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(38), 9933–9941 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Q. Zhang, X. D. Hao, J. L. Zhang, H. S. Jia, X. G. Liu, and B. S. Xu, “Tuning of the emission chromaticity of Eu, Gd, Be-containing copolymers,” Opt. Mater. 37, 5–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Q. Zhang, J. L. Zhang, Q. L. Pan, S. H. Wang, H. S. Jia, and B. S. Xu, “Synthesis, photoluminescence and intramolecular energy transfer model of a dysprosium complex,” J. Lumin. 132(4), 965–971 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xu, S. Q.

D. G. Deng, H. Yu, Y. Q. Li, Y. J. Hua, G. H. Jia, S. L. Zhao, H. P. Wang, L. H. Huang, Y. Y. Li, C. X. Li, and S. Q. Xu, “Ca4(PO4)2O:Eu2+ red-emitting phosphor for solid-state lighting: structure, luminescent properties and white light emitting diode application,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(19), 3194–3199 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, Z.

F. J. Zhang, Z. Xu, S. L. Zhao, L. Liu, W. W. Jiang, B. Sun, D. Liu, J. Z. Huang, and J. Pei, “Electroluminescence of Tb(o-BBA)3(phen) based on an organic-inorganic heterostructure,” J. Lumin. 122-123, 727–729 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, M.

M. Yamamoto, T. Nakanishi, Y. Kitagawa, K. Fushimi, and Y. Hasegawa, “Luminescent Eu(III) coordination polymer cross-linked with Zn(II) complexes,” Mater. Lett. 167, 183–187 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yan, H.

Y. G. Lv, Y. H. Zhao, Z. W. Yang, C. J. Liu, H. Yan, G. Li, H. Liu, and J. Xie, “Luminescent property of a novel rare earth complex Eu(TTA)2NH2-Phen3,” Synth. Met. 159(23–24), 2530–2533 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yan, L.

F. Zhang, X. Feng, Y. Zhang, L. Yan, Y. Yang, and X. Liu, “Photoluminescent carbon quantum dots as a directly film-forming phosphor towards white LEDs,” Nanoscale 8(16), 8618–8632 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, B.

D. Zhou, M. Liu, M. Lin, X. Bu, X. Luo, H. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Hydrazine-mediated construction of nanocrystal self-assembly materials,” ACS Nano 8(10), 10569–10581 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, W. T.

S. J. Liang, J. P. Deng, and W. T. Yang, “Monomer reactivity ratio and thermal performance of alpha-methyl styrene and glycidyl methacrylate copolymers,” Chin. J. Polym. Sci. 28(3), 323–330 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

F. Zhang, X. Feng, Y. Zhang, L. Yan, Y. Yang, and X. Liu, “Photoluminescent carbon quantum dots as a directly film-forming phosphor towards white LEDs,” Nanoscale 8(16), 8618–8632 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Y. M.

A. Q. Zhang, Y. M. Yang, G. M. Zhai, H. S. Jia, and B. S. Xu, “Tuning the chromaticity of the emission color of the copolymers containing Eu(III), Tb(III), Be(II) ions based on colorimetric principle,” Opt. Mater. 52, 92–99 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Q. Sun, X. J. Zhao, Y. M. Yang, L. P. Li, A. Q. Zhang, H. S. Jia, and X. G. Liu, “Synthesis and luminescent properties of terbium complex containing 4-benzoylbenzoic acid for application in NUV-based LED,” J. Rare Earths 34(2), 130–136 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Q. Zhang, N. Q. Sun, L. P. Li, Y. M. Yang, X. J. Zhao, H. S. Jia, X. G. Liu, and B. S. Xu, “Tunable white light emission of Eu,Tb,Zn-containing copolymers by RAFT polymerization,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(38), 9933–9941 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z. W.

Y. G. Lv, Y. H. Zhao, Z. W. Yang, C. J. Liu, H. Yan, G. Li, H. Liu, and J. Xie, “Luminescent property of a novel rare earth complex Eu(TTA)2NH2-Phen3,” Synth. Met. 159(23–24), 2530–2533 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yao, L.

L. Yao, S. P. Wen, X. Duan, X. D. Hu, M. S. Che, W. F. Jing, H. L. Liu, and L. Liu, “Self-polymerization of Eu(TTA)3AA in rubber and their fluorescence effect,” J. Rare Earths 31(12), 1130–1136 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yin, M.

S. Huang, Y. Chen, X. Wei, and M. Yin, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of NaSrPO4:Eu2+, Tb3+, Mn2+ for WLED,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 14(6), 4574–4578 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, H.

D. G. Deng, H. Yu, Y. Q. Li, Y. J. Hua, G. H. Jia, S. L. Zhao, H. P. Wang, L. H. Huang, Y. Y. Li, C. X. Li, and S. Q. Xu, “Ca4(PO4)2O:Eu2+ red-emitting phosphor for solid-state lighting: structure, luminescent properties and white light emitting diode application,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(19), 3194–3199 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhai, G. M.

A. Q. Zhang, Y. M. Yang, G. M. Zhai, H. S. Jia, and B. S. Xu, “Tuning the chromaticity of the emission color of the copolymers containing Eu(III), Tb(III), Be(II) ions based on colorimetric principle,” Opt. Mater. 52, 92–99 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhan, T.-S.

C. H. Chiang, S.-J. Gong, T.-S. Zhan, K.-C. Cheng, and S.-Y. Chu, “Light-Emitting Diodes With High Color Rendering Index and Tunable Color Temperature Fabricated Using Separated Phosphor Layer Structure,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 37(7), 898–901 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, A. Q.

A. Q. Zhang, Y. M. Yang, G. M. Zhai, H. S. Jia, and B. S. Xu, “Tuning the chromaticity of the emission color of the copolymers containing Eu(III), Tb(III), Be(II) ions based on colorimetric principle,” Opt. Mater. 52, 92–99 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Q. Sun, X. J. Zhao, Y. M. Yang, L. P. Li, A. Q. Zhang, H. S. Jia, and X. G. Liu, “Synthesis and luminescent properties of terbium complex containing 4-benzoylbenzoic acid for application in NUV-based LED,” J. Rare Earths 34(2), 130–136 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Q. Zhang, N. Q. Sun, L. P. Li, Y. M. Yang, X. J. Zhao, H. S. Jia, X. G. Liu, and B. S. Xu, “Tunable white light emission of Eu,Tb,Zn-containing copolymers by RAFT polymerization,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(38), 9933–9941 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Q. Zhang, X. D. Hao, J. L. Zhang, H. S. Jia, X. G. Liu, and B. S. Xu, “Tuning of the emission chromaticity of Eu, Gd, Be-containing copolymers,” Opt. Mater. 37, 5–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Q. Zhang, J. L. Zhang, Q. L. Pan, S. H. Wang, H. S. Jia, and B. S. Xu, “Synthesis, photoluminescence and intramolecular energy transfer model of a dysprosium complex,” J. Lumin. 132(4), 965–971 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, F.

F. Zhang, X. Feng, Y. Zhang, L. Yan, Y. Yang, and X. Liu, “Photoluminescent carbon quantum dots as a directly film-forming phosphor towards white LEDs,” Nanoscale 8(16), 8618–8632 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, F. J.

F. J. Zhang, Z. Xu, S. L. Zhao, L. Liu, W. W. Jiang, B. Sun, D. Liu, J. Z. Huang, and J. Pei, “Electroluminescence of Tb(o-BBA)3(phen) based on an organic-inorganic heterostructure,” J. Lumin. 122-123, 727–729 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

D. Zhou, M. Liu, M. Lin, X. Bu, X. Luo, H. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Hydrazine-mediated construction of nanocrystal self-assembly materials,” ACS Nano 8(10), 10569–10581 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, J.

L. Zhang, J. Zhang, G. H. Pan, X. Zhang, Z. Hao, Y. Luo, and H. Wu, “Low-Concentration Eu2+-Doped SrAlSi4N7: Ce3+ Yellow Phosphor for wLEDs with Improved Color-Rendering Index,” Inorg. Chem. 55(19), 9736–9741 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, J. L.

A. Q. Zhang, X. D. Hao, J. L. Zhang, H. S. Jia, X. G. Liu, and B. S. Xu, “Tuning of the emission chromaticity of Eu, Gd, Be-containing copolymers,” Opt. Mater. 37, 5–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Q. Zhang, J. L. Zhang, Q. L. Pan, S. H. Wang, H. S. Jia, and B. S. Xu, “Synthesis, photoluminescence and intramolecular energy transfer model of a dysprosium complex,” J. Lumin. 132(4), 965–971 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

L. Zhang, J. Zhang, G. H. Pan, X. Zhang, Z. Hao, Y. Luo, and H. Wu, “Low-Concentration Eu2+-Doped SrAlSi4N7: Ce3+ Yellow Phosphor for wLEDs with Improved Color-Rendering Index,” Inorg. Chem. 55(19), 9736–9741 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

L. Zhang, J. Zhang, G. H. Pan, X. Zhang, Z. Hao, Y. Luo, and H. Wu, “Low-Concentration Eu2+-Doped SrAlSi4N7: Ce3+ Yellow Phosphor for wLEDs with Improved Color-Rendering Index,” Inorg. Chem. 55(19), 9736–9741 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

F. Zhang, X. Feng, Y. Zhang, L. Yan, Y. Yang, and X. Liu, “Photoluminescent carbon quantum dots as a directly film-forming phosphor towards white LEDs,” Nanoscale 8(16), 8618–8632 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Kang, Y. Zhang, and M. Peng, “Controlling the Energy Transfer via Multi Luminescent Centers to Achieve White Light/Tunable Emissions in a Single-Phased X2-type Y2SiO5:Eu3+,Bi3+ Phosphor For Ultraviolet Converted LEDs,” Inorg. Chem. 54(4), 1462–1473 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Z. H.

Z. H. Zhang, Y. H. Wang, and X. X. Li, “Synthesis and Photoluminescence of Green-Emitting X2-(Y,Gd)2Sio5:Tb3+ Phosphor under Vuv Excitation,” Biolum. Chemilum. 13, 329–332 (2009).

Zhao, S. L.

D. G. Deng, H. Yu, Y. Q. Li, Y. J. Hua, G. H. Jia, S. L. Zhao, H. P. Wang, L. H. Huang, Y. Y. Li, C. X. Li, and S. Q. Xu, “Ca4(PO4)2O:Eu2+ red-emitting phosphor for solid-state lighting: structure, luminescent properties and white light emitting diode application,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(19), 3194–3199 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. J. Zhang, Z. Xu, S. L. Zhao, L. Liu, W. W. Jiang, B. Sun, D. Liu, J. Z. Huang, and J. Pei, “Electroluminescence of Tb(o-BBA)3(phen) based on an organic-inorganic heterostructure,” J. Lumin. 122-123, 727–729 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhao, X. J.

N. Q. Sun, X. J. Zhao, Y. M. Yang, L. P. Li, A. Q. Zhang, H. S. Jia, and X. G. Liu, “Synthesis and luminescent properties of terbium complex containing 4-benzoylbenzoic acid for application in NUV-based LED,” J. Rare Earths 34(2), 130–136 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Q. Zhang, N. Q. Sun, L. P. Li, Y. M. Yang, X. J. Zhao, H. S. Jia, X. G. Liu, and B. S. Xu, “Tunable white light emission of Eu,Tb,Zn-containing copolymers by RAFT polymerization,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(38), 9933–9941 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y. H.

Y. G. Lv, Y. H. Zhao, Z. W. Yang, C. J. Liu, H. Yan, G. Li, H. Liu, and J. Xie, “Luminescent property of a novel rare earth complex Eu(TTA)2NH2-Phen3,” Synth. Met. 159(23–24), 2530–2533 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhou, D.

D. Zhou, M. Liu, M. Lin, X. Bu, X. Luo, H. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Hydrazine-mediated construction of nanocrystal self-assembly materials,” ACS Nano 8(10), 10569–10581 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zitzer, C.

C. Zitzer, T. W. T. Muesmann, J. Christoffers, and M. S. Wickleder, “Crystal Engineering with the New Linker Tolanedisulfonic Acid (H2 TDS): Helical Chains in Zn(TDS)(DMA)3, Linear Chains in Zn(TDS)(NMP)3, and Complex Anions in [HDMA]2 [Zn(TDS)2 (DMA)3 ](DMA)2.,” Chem. Asian J. 10(6), 1354–1362 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Y. Jin, M. H. Fang, M. Grinberg, S. Mahlik, T. Lesniewski, M. G. Brik, G. Y. Luo, J. G. Lin, and R. S. Liu, “Narrow Red Emission Band Fluoride Phosphor KNaSiF6:Mn4+ for Warm White Light-Emitting Diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(18), 11194–11203 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Nano (1)

D. Zhou, M. Liu, M. Lin, X. Bu, X. Luo, H. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Hydrazine-mediated construction of nanocrystal self-assembly materials,” ACS Nano 8(10), 10569–10581 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

A. Fischer, T. Koprucki, K. Gartner, M. L. Tietze, J. Bruckner, B. Lussem, K. Leo, A. Glitzky, and R. Scholz, “Feel the Heat: Nonlinear Electrothermal Feedback in Organic LEDs,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(22), 3367–3374 (2014).
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Z. H. Zhang, Y. H. Wang, and X. X. Li, “Synthesis and Photoluminescence of Green-Emitting X2-(Y,Gd)2Sio5:Tb3+ Phosphor under Vuv Excitation,” Biolum. Chemilum. 13, 329–332 (2009).

Chem. Asian J. (1)

C. Zitzer, T. W. T. Muesmann, J. Christoffers, and M. S. Wickleder, “Crystal Engineering with the New Linker Tolanedisulfonic Acid (H2 TDS): Helical Chains in Zn(TDS)(DMA)3, Linear Chains in Zn(TDS)(NMP)3, and Complex Anions in [HDMA]2 [Zn(TDS)2 (DMA)3 ](DMA)2.,” Chem. Asian J. 10(6), 1354–1362 (2015).
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Chem. Soc. Rev. (2)

M. Shang, C. Li, and J. Lin, “How to produce white light in a single-phase host?” Chem. Soc. Rev. 43(5), 1372–1386 (2014).
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M. Shang, C. Li, and J. Lin, “How to produce white light in a single-phase host?” Chem. Soc. Rev. 43(5), 1372–1386 (2014).
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Chin. J. Polym. Sci. (1)

S. J. Liang, J. P. Deng, and W. T. Yang, “Monomer reactivity ratio and thermal performance of alpha-methyl styrene and glycidyl methacrylate copolymers,” Chin. J. Polym. Sci. 28(3), 323–330 (2010).
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X. Jiang, Z. Chen, S. Huang, J. Wang, and Y. Pan, “A red phosphor BaTiF(6):Mn(4+): reaction mechanism, microstructures, optical properties, and applications for white LEDs,” Dalton Trans. 43(25), 9414–9418 (2014).
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IEEE Electron Device Lett. (1)

C. H. Chiang, S.-J. Gong, T.-S. Zhan, K.-C. Cheng, and S.-Y. Chu, “Light-Emitting Diodes With High Color Rendering Index and Tunable Color Temperature Fabricated Using Separated Phosphor Layer Structure,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 37(7), 898–901 (2016).
[Crossref]

Inorg. Chem. (4)

F. Kang, Y. Zhang, and M. Peng, “Controlling the Energy Transfer via Multi Luminescent Centers to Achieve White Light/Tunable Emissions in a Single-Phased X2-type Y2SiO5:Eu3+,Bi3+ Phosphor For Ultraviolet Converted LEDs,” Inorg. Chem. 54(4), 1462–1473 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. B. Canaj, D. I. Tzimopoulos, A. Philippidis, G. E. Kostakis, and C. J. Milios, “A Strongly Blue-Emitting Heptametallic [DyIII7] Centered-Octahedral Single-Molecule Magnet,” Inorg. Chem. 51(14), 7451–7453 (2012).
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D. B. A. Raj, B. Francis, M. L. P. Reddy, R. R. Butorac, V. M. Lynch, and A. H. Cowley, “Highly Luminescent Poly(Methyl Methacrylate)-Incorporated Europium Complex Supported by a Carbazole-Based Fluorinated β-Diketonate Ligand and a 4,5-Bis(diphenylphosphino)-9,9-dimethylxanthene Oxide Co-Ligand,” Inorg. Chem. 49(19), 9055–9063 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Zhang, J. Zhang, G. H. Pan, X. Zhang, Z. Hao, Y. Luo, and H. Wu, “Low-Concentration Eu2+-Doped SrAlSi4N7: Ce3+ Yellow Phosphor for wLEDs with Improved Color-Rendering Index,” Inorg. Chem. 55(19), 9736–9741 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

H. Y. Lin, Y. C. Fang, and S. Y. Chu, “Energy Transfer Sm3+→Eu3+ in Potential Red Phosphor (Ca, Ba) 3(VO4)2:Sm3+, Eu3+ for Use in Organic Solar Cells and White Light-Emitting Diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(11), 3850–3856 (2010).
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J. Appl. Polym. Sci. (1)

A. Gill, C. Hong, D. Gromadzki, and M. Maric, “Reactive compatibilization of poly(styrene-ran-acrylonitrile)/poly(ethylene) blends through the acid-epoxy reaction,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 133(44), 457–463 (2016).
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J. Electrochem. Soc. (1)

Y. H. Won, H. S. Jang, W. Bin Im, and D. Y. Jeon, “Red-emitting LiLa2O2BO3: Sm3+, Eu3+ phosphor for near-ultraviolet light-emitting diodes-based solid-state lighting,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 155(9), J226–J229 (2008).
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J. Fluoresc. (1)

G. B. Nair and S. J. Dhoble, “White Light Emitting MZr4(PO4)6:Dy3+ (M = Ca, Sr, Ba) Phosphors for WLEDs,” J. Fluoresc. 27(2), 575–585 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Lumin. (2)

A. Q. Zhang, J. L. Zhang, Q. L. Pan, S. H. Wang, H. S. Jia, and B. S. Xu, “Synthesis, photoluminescence and intramolecular energy transfer model of a dysprosium complex,” J. Lumin. 132(4), 965–971 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. J. Zhang, Z. Xu, S. L. Zhao, L. Liu, W. W. Jiang, B. Sun, D. Liu, J. Z. Huang, and J. Pei, “Electroluminescence of Tb(o-BBA)3(phen) based on an organic-inorganic heterostructure,” J. Lumin. 122-123, 727–729 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

J. Kai, D. F. Parra, and H. F. Brito, “Polymer matrix sensitizing effect on photoluminescence properties of Eu3+-beta-diketonate complex doped into poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) in film form,” J. Mater. Chem. 18(38), 4549–4554 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices (2)

A. Q. Zhang, N. Q. Sun, L. P. Li, Y. M. Yang, X. J. Zhao, H. S. Jia, X. G. Liu, and B. S. Xu, “Tunable white light emission of Eu,Tb,Zn-containing copolymers by RAFT polymerization,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(38), 9933–9941 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. G. Deng, H. Yu, Y. Q. Li, Y. J. Hua, G. H. Jia, S. L. Zhao, H. P. Wang, L. H. Huang, Y. Y. Li, C. X. Li, and S. Q. Xu, “Ca4(PO4)2O:Eu2+ red-emitting phosphor for solid-state lighting: structure, luminescent properties and white light emitting diode application,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(19), 3194–3199 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. (1)

S. Huang, Y. Chen, X. Wei, and M. Yin, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of NaSrPO4:Eu2+, Tb3+, Mn2+ for WLED,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 14(6), 4574–4578 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

A. Balamurugan, M. L. P. Reddy, and M. Jayakannan, “Single Polymer Photosensitizer for Tb3+ and Eu3+ Ions: An Approach for White Light Emission Based on Carboxylic-Functionalized Poly(m-phenylenevinylene)s,” J. Phys. Chem. B 113(43), 14128–14138 (2009).
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J. Rare Earths (2)

L. Yao, S. P. Wen, X. Duan, X. D. Hu, M. S. Che, W. F. Jing, H. L. Liu, and L. Liu, “Self-polymerization of Eu(TTA)3AA in rubber and their fluorescence effect,” J. Rare Earths 31(12), 1130–1136 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Q. Sun, X. J. Zhao, Y. M. Yang, L. P. Li, A. Q. Zhang, H. S. Jia, and X. G. Liu, “Synthesis and luminescent properties of terbium complex containing 4-benzoylbenzoic acid for application in NUV-based LED,” J. Rare Earths 34(2), 130–136 (2016).
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Mater. Lett. (1)

M. Yamamoto, T. Nakanishi, Y. Kitagawa, K. Fushimi, and Y. Hasegawa, “Luminescent Eu(III) coordination polymer cross-linked with Zn(II) complexes,” Mater. Lett. 167, 183–187 (2016).
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Nanoscale (1)

F. Zhang, X. Feng, Y. Zhang, L. Yan, Y. Yang, and X. Liu, “Photoluminescent carbon quantum dots as a directly film-forming phosphor towards white LEDs,” Nanoscale 8(16), 8618–8632 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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D. F. Parra, H. F. Brito, and A. B. Lugao, “Influence of the gamma irradiation on photoluminescence properties of DGMA doped with Eu3+-beta-diketonate complex,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. B 236(1–4), 235–240 (2005).
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Opt. Mater. (3)

A. Q. Zhang, X. D. Hao, J. L. Zhang, H. S. Jia, X. G. Liu, and B. S. Xu, “Tuning of the emission chromaticity of Eu, Gd, Be-containing copolymers,” Opt. Mater. 37, 5–10 (2014).
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A. Q. Zhang, Y. M. Yang, G. M. Zhai, H. S. Jia, and B. S. Xu, “Tuning the chromaticity of the emission color of the copolymers containing Eu(III), Tb(III), Be(II) ions based on colorimetric principle,” Opt. Mater. 52, 92–99 (2016).
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Synth. Met. (1)

Y. G. Lv, Y. H. Zhao, Z. W. Yang, C. J. Liu, H. Yan, G. Li, H. Liu, and J. Xie, “Luminescent property of a novel rare earth complex Eu(TTA)2NH2-Phen3,” Synth. Met. 159(23–24), 2530–2533 (2009).
[Crossref]

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Figures (17)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Synthesis routes of complexes Eu(TTA)2(Phen), Tb(p-BBA)3, Zn(BTZ).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Synthesis route of polymer matrix PS-GMA.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Synthesis route of macromolecular complex PS-GMA-Eu-Tb-Zn.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 IR spectra of copolymer PS-GMA and macromolecular complex PS-GMA-Eu-Tb-Zn.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 UV-vis absorption spectra of complexes Eu(TTA)2(Phen), Tb(p-BBA)3, and Zn(BTZ), polymer PS-GMA, and polymer PS-GMA-Eu-Tb-Zn.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 TG-DTG curves of polymer PS-GMA-Eu-Tb-Zn.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Fluorescence spectra of complex Eu(TTA)2(Phen) (a), Tb (p-BBA)3 (b), and Zn(BTZ) (c).
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Emission spectra of polymer PS-GMA-Eu-Tb-Zn (the RGB ratios:(1) 1:2:0.5; (2) 1:4:0.5; (3) 1:8:0.5; (4) 1:9:1; (5) 1:10:1; (6) 1:15:1; (7) 1:20:2; (8) 1:25:2) excited at 365 nm.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 CIE chromaticity coordinates for the three primary colors complexes and polymer PS-GMA-Eu-Tb-Zn excited at 365 nm [R: (0.641,0.332), G: (0.283,0.524), B: (0.147,0.130)].
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Emission spectrum of polymer PS-GMA-Eu-Tb-Zn with RGB ratio 1:10:1 excited at 365 nm.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Luminescent photograph of macromolecular complex 1-8 excited at 365 nm.
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 Emission spectra of polymer with RGB ratio 1:8:0.5 monitored at excitation wavelengths 355–385 nm.
Fig. 13
Fig. 13 CIE chromaticity coordinates for polymer with RGB ratio 1:8:0.5 at excitation wavelengths of 355–385 nm [1: (0.473, 0.314), 2: (0.446, 0.311), 3: (0.405, 0.307), 4: (0.387, 0.313), 5: (0.336, 0.301), 6: (0.248, 0.282), 7: (0.208, 0.271)].
Fig. 14
Fig. 14 Fluorescence lifetime decay curve of the polymer with RGB ratio 1:10:1 monitored at the 5D0-7F2 transition (black dots) and fitted curve (red line).
Fig. 15
Fig. 15 EL spectrum of the WLED fabricated with macromolecular complex driven at 350 mA.
Fig. 16
Fig. 16 CIE chromaticity coordinates of the WLED calculated from EL spectrum; inset is the profile of the WLED driven by 350 mA.
Fig. 17
Fig. 17 Photo of a large area (80 mm × 80 mm) polymer white emitting film excited at 365 nm (a). Photo of seven-color candies irradiated at UV light of 365 nm (b). Photo of seven-color candies under the radiation from a large area (80 mm × 80 mm) polymer film excited at 365 nm (c).

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

η s = η R A R I s N s 2 A s I R N R 2
I( t )=A+ B 1 exp( t/ τ 1 )+ B 2 exp( t/ τ 2 )
τ = B 1 τ 1 2 + B 2 τ 2 2 B 1 τ 1 + B 2 τ 2