Abstract

In the ultraviolet range, it is still a critical challenge to enhance and engineer light absorption inside graphene for optoelectronic applications. Here, we propose a metal-dielectric-metal plasmonic structure to achieve a high absorption ratio of ultraviolet incident light inside graphene. The absorption of ultraviolet light in single layer graphene is enhanced up to 44%, while the absorption spectrum can be tuned by optimizing the dimensions of the integrated structure. Furthermore, the structure can tolerate a wide range of incident angles, while the improved structure with aluminum nanoparticles also shows polarization-independent feature. Besides, the effect of surface oxidation on this structure is also revealed. Our research provides an important theoretical guide for designing novel optoelectronic devices based on graphene in the ultraviolet region.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. L. Yang, J. Deslippe, C. H. Park, M. L. Cohen, and S. G. Louie, “Excitonic effects on the optical response of graphene and bilayer graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(18), 186802 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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  29. J. Christensen, A. Manjavacas, S. Thongrattanasiri, F. H. L. Koppens, and F. J. de Abajo, “Graphene plasmon waveguiding and hybridization in individual and paired nanoribbons,” ACS Nano 6(1), 431–440 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2018 (7)

S. Xiao, T. Wang, X. Jiang, B. Wang, and C. Xu, “A spectrally tunable plasmonic photosensor with an ultrathin semiconductor region,” Plasmonics 13(3), 897–902 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Chen, Z. Yi, S. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Absorption enhancement in double-layer cross-shaped graphene arrays,” Mater. Res. Express 5(1), 015605 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Chen, Y. Zeng, X. Xu, X. Chen, Z. Zhou, P. Shi, Z. Yi, X. Ye, S. Xiao, and Y. Yi, “Plasmonic absorption enhancement in elliptical graphene arrays,” Nanomaterials (Basel) 8(3), 175 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Sloan, N. Rivera, M. Soljačić, and I. Kaminer, “Tunable UV-Emitters through graphene plasmonics,” Nano Lett. 18(1), 308–313 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhu, S. Yan, N. Feng, L. Ye, J. Ou, and Q. H. Liu, “Near unity ultraviolet absorption in graphene without patterning,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(15), 153106 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Zhou, S. Yan, C. Li, J. Zhu, and Q. H. Liu, “Perfect ultraviolet absorption in graphene using the magnetic resonance of an all-dielectric nanostructure,” Opt. Express 26(14), 18155–18163 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Paria, H. H. Jeong, V. Vadakkumbatt, P. Deshpande, P. Fischer, A. Ghosh, and A. Ghosh, “Graphene-silver hybrid devices for sensitive photodetection in the ultraviolet,” Nanoscale 10(16), 7685–7693 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (4)

M. Gong, Q. Liu, B. Cook, B. Kattel, T. Wang, W. L. Chan, D. Ewing, M. Casper, A. Stramel, and J. Z. Wu, “All-Printable ZnO quantum dots/graphene van der waals heterostructures for ultrasensitive detection of ultraviolet light,” ACS Nano 11(4), 4114–4123 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Jiang, T. Wang, S. Xiao, X. Yan, and L. Cheng, “Tunable ultra-high-efficiency light absorption of monolayer graphene using critical coupling with guided resonance,” Opt. Express 25(22), 27028–27036 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Matthaiakakis, X. Yan, H. Mizuta, and M. D. B. Charlton, “Tuneable strong optical absorption in a graphene-insulator-metal hybrid plasmonic device,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 7303 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Ye, Y. Chen, G. Cai, N. Liu, J. Zhu, Z. Song, and Q. H. Liu, “Broadband absorber with periodically sinusoidally-patterned graphene layer in terahertz range,” Opt. Express 25(10), 11223–11232 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (2)

S. Xiao, T. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Xu, X. Han, and X. Yan, “Tunable light trapping and absorption enhancement with graphene ring arrays,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(38), 26661–26669 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Y. Kong, G. A. Wu, K. Y. Wang, T. F. Zhang, Y. F. Zou, D. D. Wang, and L. B. Luo, “Graphene-β-Ga2 O3 Heterojunction for Highly Sensitive Deep UV Photodetector Application,” Adv. Mater. 28(48), 10725–10731 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (3)

H. L. Liu, S. Siregar, E. H. Hasdeo, Y. Kumamoto, C. C. Shen, C. C. Cheng, L. J. Li, R. Saito, and S. Kawata, “Deep-ultraviolet Raman scattering studies of monolayer graphene thin films,” Carbon 81, 807–813 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Cai, J. Zhu, Q. H. Liu, T. Lin, J. Zhou, L. Ye, and Z. Cai, “Enhanced spatial near-infrared modulation of graphene-loaded perfect absorbers using plasmonic nanoslits,” Opt. Express 23(25), 32318–32328 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Cai, J. Zhu, and Q. H. Liu, “Tunable enhanced optical absorption of graphene using plasmonic perfect absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(4), 043105 (2015).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

J. Zhu, Q. H. Liu, and T. Lin, “Manipulating light absorption of graphene using plasmonic nanoparticles,” Nanoscale 5(17), 7785–7789 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhu, L. Shi, M. S. Schmidt, A. Boisen, O. Hansen, J. Zi, S. Xiao, and N. A. Mortensen, “Enhanced light-matter interactions in graphene-covered gold nanovoid arrays,” Nano Lett. 13(10), 4690–4696 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

L. Tang, R. Ji, X. Cao, J. Lin, H. Jiang, X. Li, K. S. Teng, C. M. Luk, S. Zeng, J. Hao, and S. P. Lau, “Deep ultraviolet photoluminescence of water-soluble self-passivated graphene quantum dots,” ACS Nano 6(6), 5102–5110 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Christensen, A. Manjavacas, S. Thongrattanasiri, F. H. L. Koppens, and F. J. de Abajo, “Graphene plasmon waveguiding and hybridization in individual and paired nanoribbons,” ACS Nano 6(1), 431–440 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. F. Mak, L. Ju, F. Wang, and T. F. Heinz, “Optical spectroscopy of graphene: From the far infrared to the ultraviolet,” Solid State Commun. 152(15), 1341–1349 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

K. F. Mak, J. Shan, and T. F. Heinz, “Seeing many-body effects in single- and few-layer graphene: observation of two-dimensional saddle-point excitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(4), 046401 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 83(16), 165107 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J. S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J. H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

L. Yang, J. Deslippe, C. H. Park, M. L. Cohen, and S. G. Louie, “Excitonic effects on the optical response of graphene and bilayer graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(18), 186802 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

K. I. Bolotin, K. J. Sikes, Z. Jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. L. Stormer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Commun. 146(9-10), 351–355 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Lee, X. Wei, J. W. Kysar, and J. Hone, “Measurement of the elastic properties and intrinsic strength of monolayer graphene,” Science 321(5887), 385–388 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

A. K. Geim and K. S. Novoselov, “The rise of graphene,” Nat. Mater. 6(3), 183–191 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ahn, J. H.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J. S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J. H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bae, S.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J. S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J. H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balakrishnan, J.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J. S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J. H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Blake, P.

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boisen, A.

X. Zhu, L. Shi, M. S. Schmidt, A. Boisen, O. Hansen, J. Zi, S. Xiao, and N. A. Mortensen, “Enhanced light-matter interactions in graphene-covered gold nanovoid arrays,” Nano Lett. 13(10), 4690–4696 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bolotin, K. I.

K. I. Bolotin, K. J. Sikes, Z. Jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. L. Stormer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Commun. 146(9-10), 351–355 (2008).
[Crossref]

Booth, T. J.

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cai, G.

Cai, Y.

Cai, Z.

Cao, X.

L. Tang, R. Ji, X. Cao, J. Lin, H. Jiang, X. Li, K. S. Teng, C. M. Luk, S. Zeng, J. Hao, and S. P. Lau, “Deep ultraviolet photoluminescence of water-soluble self-passivated graphene quantum dots,” ACS Nano 6(6), 5102–5110 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Casper, M.

M. Gong, Q. Liu, B. Cook, B. Kattel, T. Wang, W. L. Chan, D. Ewing, M. Casper, A. Stramel, and J. Z. Wu, “All-Printable ZnO quantum dots/graphene van der waals heterostructures for ultrasensitive detection of ultraviolet light,” ACS Nano 11(4), 4114–4123 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chan, W. L.

M. Gong, Q. Liu, B. Cook, B. Kattel, T. Wang, W. L. Chan, D. Ewing, M. Casper, A. Stramel, and J. Z. Wu, “All-Printable ZnO quantum dots/graphene van der waals heterostructures for ultrasensitive detection of ultraviolet light,” ACS Nano 11(4), 4114–4123 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Charlton, M. D. B.

N. Matthaiakakis, X. Yan, H. Mizuta, and M. D. B. Charlton, “Tuneable strong optical absorption in a graphene-insulator-metal hybrid plasmonic device,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 7303 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

J. Chen, Z. Yi, S. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Absorption enhancement in double-layer cross-shaped graphene arrays,” Mater. Res. Express 5(1), 015605 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Chen, Y. Zeng, X. Xu, X. Chen, Z. Zhou, P. Shi, Z. Yi, X. Ye, S. Xiao, and Y. Yi, “Plasmonic absorption enhancement in elliptical graphene arrays,” Nanomaterials (Basel) 8(3), 175 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, X.

J. Chen, Y. Zeng, X. Xu, X. Chen, Z. Zhou, P. Shi, Z. Yi, X. Ye, S. Xiao, and Y. Yi, “Plasmonic absorption enhancement in elliptical graphene arrays,” Nanomaterials (Basel) 8(3), 175 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

Cheng, C. C.

H. L. Liu, S. Siregar, E. H. Hasdeo, Y. Kumamoto, C. C. Shen, C. C. Cheng, L. J. Li, R. Saito, and S. Kawata, “Deep-ultraviolet Raman scattering studies of monolayer graphene thin films,” Carbon 81, 807–813 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cheng, L.

Christensen, J.

J. Christensen, A. Manjavacas, S. Thongrattanasiri, F. H. L. Koppens, and F. J. de Abajo, “Graphene plasmon waveguiding and hybridization in individual and paired nanoribbons,” ACS Nano 6(1), 431–440 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cohen, M. L.

L. Yang, J. Deslippe, C. H. Park, M. L. Cohen, and S. G. Louie, “Excitonic effects on the optical response of graphene and bilayer graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(18), 186802 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cook, B.

M. Gong, Q. Liu, B. Cook, B. Kattel, T. Wang, W. L. Chan, D. Ewing, M. Casper, A. Stramel, and J. Z. Wu, “All-Printable ZnO quantum dots/graphene van der waals heterostructures for ultrasensitive detection of ultraviolet light,” ACS Nano 11(4), 4114–4123 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

de Abajo, F. J.

J. Christensen, A. Manjavacas, S. Thongrattanasiri, F. H. L. Koppens, and F. J. de Abajo, “Graphene plasmon waveguiding and hybridization in individual and paired nanoribbons,” ACS Nano 6(1), 431–440 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deshpande, P.

D. Paria, H. H. Jeong, V. Vadakkumbatt, P. Deshpande, P. Fischer, A. Ghosh, and A. Ghosh, “Graphene-silver hybrid devices for sensitive photodetection in the ultraviolet,” Nanoscale 10(16), 7685–7693 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deslippe, J.

L. Yang, J. Deslippe, C. H. Park, M. L. Cohen, and S. G. Louie, “Excitonic effects on the optical response of graphene and bilayer graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(18), 186802 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dubonos, S. V.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ewing, D.

M. Gong, Q. Liu, B. Cook, B. Kattel, T. Wang, W. L. Chan, D. Ewing, M. Casper, A. Stramel, and J. Z. Wu, “All-Printable ZnO quantum dots/graphene van der waals heterostructures for ultrasensitive detection of ultraviolet light,” ACS Nano 11(4), 4114–4123 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feng, N.

J. Zhu, S. Yan, N. Feng, L. Ye, J. Ou, and Q. H. Liu, “Near unity ultraviolet absorption in graphene without patterning,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(15), 153106 (2018).
[Crossref]

Firsov, A. A.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fischer, P.

D. Paria, H. H. Jeong, V. Vadakkumbatt, P. Deshpande, P. Fischer, A. Ghosh, and A. Ghosh, “Graphene-silver hybrid devices for sensitive photodetection in the ultraviolet,” Nanoscale 10(16), 7685–7693 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fudenberg, G.

K. I. Bolotin, K. J. Sikes, Z. Jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. L. Stormer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Commun. 146(9-10), 351–355 (2008).
[Crossref]

Geim, A. K.

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. K. Geim and K. S. Novoselov, “The rise of graphene,” Nat. Mater. 6(3), 183–191 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ghosh, A.

D. Paria, H. H. Jeong, V. Vadakkumbatt, P. Deshpande, P. Fischer, A. Ghosh, and A. Ghosh, “Graphene-silver hybrid devices for sensitive photodetection in the ultraviolet,” Nanoscale 10(16), 7685–7693 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Paria, H. H. Jeong, V. Vadakkumbatt, P. Deshpande, P. Fischer, A. Ghosh, and A. Ghosh, “Graphene-silver hybrid devices for sensitive photodetection in the ultraviolet,” Nanoscale 10(16), 7685–7693 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gong, M.

M. Gong, Q. Liu, B. Cook, B. Kattel, T. Wang, W. L. Chan, D. Ewing, M. Casper, A. Stramel, and J. Z. Wu, “All-Printable ZnO quantum dots/graphene van der waals heterostructures for ultrasensitive detection of ultraviolet light,” ACS Nano 11(4), 4114–4123 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grigorenko, A. N.

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grigorieva, I. V.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, X.

S. Xiao, T. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Xu, X. Han, and X. Yan, “Tunable light trapping and absorption enhancement with graphene ring arrays,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(38), 26661–26669 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hansen, O.

X. Zhu, L. Shi, M. S. Schmidt, A. Boisen, O. Hansen, J. Zi, S. Xiao, and N. A. Mortensen, “Enhanced light-matter interactions in graphene-covered gold nanovoid arrays,” Nano Lett. 13(10), 4690–4696 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hao, J.

L. Tang, R. Ji, X. Cao, J. Lin, H. Jiang, X. Li, K. S. Teng, C. M. Luk, S. Zeng, J. Hao, and S. P. Lau, “Deep ultraviolet photoluminescence of water-soluble self-passivated graphene quantum dots,” ACS Nano 6(6), 5102–5110 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 83(16), 165107 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hasdeo, E. H.

H. L. Liu, S. Siregar, E. H. Hasdeo, Y. Kumamoto, C. C. Shen, C. C. Cheng, L. J. Li, R. Saito, and S. Kawata, “Deep-ultraviolet Raman scattering studies of monolayer graphene thin films,” Carbon 81, 807–813 (2015).
[Crossref]

Heinz, T. F.

K. F. Mak, L. Ju, F. Wang, and T. F. Heinz, “Optical spectroscopy of graphene: From the far infrared to the ultraviolet,” Solid State Commun. 152(15), 1341–1349 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. F. Mak, J. Shan, and T. F. Heinz, “Seeing many-body effects in single- and few-layer graphene: observation of two-dimensional saddle-point excitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(4), 046401 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hone, J.

C. Lee, X. Wei, J. W. Kysar, and J. Hone, “Measurement of the elastic properties and intrinsic strength of monolayer graphene,” Science 321(5887), 385–388 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. I. Bolotin, K. J. Sikes, Z. Jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. L. Stormer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Commun. 146(9-10), 351–355 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hong, B. H.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J. S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J. H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Iijima, S.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J. S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J. H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jeong, H. H.

D. Paria, H. H. Jeong, V. Vadakkumbatt, P. Deshpande, P. Fischer, A. Ghosh, and A. Ghosh, “Graphene-silver hybrid devices for sensitive photodetection in the ultraviolet,” Nanoscale 10(16), 7685–7693 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ji, R.

L. Tang, R. Ji, X. Cao, J. Lin, H. Jiang, X. Li, K. S. Teng, C. M. Luk, S. Zeng, J. Hao, and S. P. Lau, “Deep ultraviolet photoluminescence of water-soluble self-passivated graphene quantum dots,” ACS Nano 6(6), 5102–5110 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, D.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, H.

L. Tang, R. Ji, X. Cao, J. Lin, H. Jiang, X. Li, K. S. Teng, C. M. Luk, S. Zeng, J. Hao, and S. P. Lau, “Deep ultraviolet photoluminescence of water-soluble self-passivated graphene quantum dots,” ACS Nano 6(6), 5102–5110 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, X.

S. Xiao, T. Wang, X. Jiang, B. Wang, and C. Xu, “A spectrally tunable plasmonic photosensor with an ultrathin semiconductor region,” Plasmonics 13(3), 897–902 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Jiang, T. Wang, S. Xiao, X. Yan, and L. Cheng, “Tunable ultra-high-efficiency light absorption of monolayer graphene using critical coupling with guided resonance,” Opt. Express 25(22), 27028–27036 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, Z.

K. I. Bolotin, K. J. Sikes, Z. Jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. L. Stormer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Commun. 146(9-10), 351–355 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ju, L.

K. F. Mak, L. Ju, F. Wang, and T. F. Heinz, “Optical spectroscopy of graphene: From the far infrared to the ultraviolet,” Solid State Commun. 152(15), 1341–1349 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kaminer, I.

J. Sloan, N. Rivera, M. Soljačić, and I. Kaminer, “Tunable UV-Emitters through graphene plasmonics,” Nano Lett. 18(1), 308–313 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kattel, B.

M. Gong, Q. Liu, B. Cook, B. Kattel, T. Wang, W. L. Chan, D. Ewing, M. Casper, A. Stramel, and J. Z. Wu, “All-Printable ZnO quantum dots/graphene van der waals heterostructures for ultrasensitive detection of ultraviolet light,” ACS Nano 11(4), 4114–4123 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kawata, S.

H. L. Liu, S. Siregar, E. H. Hasdeo, Y. Kumamoto, C. C. Shen, C. C. Cheng, L. J. Li, R. Saito, and S. Kawata, “Deep-ultraviolet Raman scattering studies of monolayer graphene thin films,” Carbon 81, 807–813 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kim, H.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J. S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J. H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, H. R.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J. S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J. H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, K. S.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J. S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J. H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, P.

K. I. Bolotin, K. J. Sikes, Z. Jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. L. Stormer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Commun. 146(9-10), 351–355 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kim, Y. J.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J. S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J. H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Klima, M.

K. I. Bolotin, K. J. Sikes, Z. Jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. L. Stormer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Commun. 146(9-10), 351–355 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kong, W. Y.

W. Y. Kong, G. A. Wu, K. Y. Wang, T. F. Zhang, Y. F. Zou, D. D. Wang, and L. B. Luo, “Graphene-β-Ga2 O3 Heterojunction for Highly Sensitive Deep UV Photodetector Application,” Adv. Mater. 28(48), 10725–10731 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koppens, F. H. L.

J. Christensen, A. Manjavacas, S. Thongrattanasiri, F. H. L. Koppens, and F. J. de Abajo, “Graphene plasmon waveguiding and hybridization in individual and paired nanoribbons,” ACS Nano 6(1), 431–440 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kumamoto, Y.

H. L. Liu, S. Siregar, E. H. Hasdeo, Y. Kumamoto, C. C. Shen, C. C. Cheng, L. J. Li, R. Saito, and S. Kawata, “Deep-ultraviolet Raman scattering studies of monolayer graphene thin films,” Carbon 81, 807–813 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kysar, J. W.

C. Lee, X. Wei, J. W. Kysar, and J. Hone, “Measurement of the elastic properties and intrinsic strength of monolayer graphene,” Science 321(5887), 385–388 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lau, S. P.

L. Tang, R. Ji, X. Cao, J. Lin, H. Jiang, X. Li, K. S. Teng, C. M. Luk, S. Zeng, J. Hao, and S. P. Lau, “Deep ultraviolet photoluminescence of water-soluble self-passivated graphene quantum dots,” ACS Nano 6(6), 5102–5110 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, C.

C. Lee, X. Wei, J. W. Kysar, and J. Hone, “Measurement of the elastic properties and intrinsic strength of monolayer graphene,” Science 321(5887), 385–388 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, Y.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J. S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J. H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lei, T.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J. S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J. H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, C.

Li, L. J.

H. L. Liu, S. Siregar, E. H. Hasdeo, Y. Kumamoto, C. C. Shen, C. C. Cheng, L. J. Li, R. Saito, and S. Kawata, “Deep-ultraviolet Raman scattering studies of monolayer graphene thin films,” Carbon 81, 807–813 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

L. Tang, R. Ji, X. Cao, J. Lin, H. Jiang, X. Li, K. S. Teng, C. M. Luk, S. Zeng, J. Hao, and S. P. Lau, “Deep ultraviolet photoluminescence of water-soluble self-passivated graphene quantum dots,” ACS Nano 6(6), 5102–5110 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, J.

L. Tang, R. Ji, X. Cao, J. Lin, H. Jiang, X. Li, K. S. Teng, C. M. Luk, S. Zeng, J. Hao, and S. P. Lau, “Deep ultraviolet photoluminescence of water-soluble self-passivated graphene quantum dots,” ACS Nano 6(6), 5102–5110 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, T.

Liu, H. L.

H. L. Liu, S. Siregar, E. H. Hasdeo, Y. Kumamoto, C. C. Shen, C. C. Cheng, L. J. Li, R. Saito, and S. Kawata, “Deep-ultraviolet Raman scattering studies of monolayer graphene thin films,” Carbon 81, 807–813 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, N.

Liu, Q.

M. Gong, Q. Liu, B. Cook, B. Kattel, T. Wang, W. L. Chan, D. Ewing, M. Casper, A. Stramel, and J. Z. Wu, “All-Printable ZnO quantum dots/graphene van der waals heterostructures for ultrasensitive detection of ultraviolet light,” ACS Nano 11(4), 4114–4123 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, Q. H.

Liu, Y.

S. Xiao, T. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Xu, X. Han, and X. Yan, “Tunable light trapping and absorption enhancement with graphene ring arrays,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(38), 26661–26669 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Louie, S. G.

L. Yang, J. Deslippe, C. H. Park, M. L. Cohen, and S. G. Louie, “Excitonic effects on the optical response of graphene and bilayer graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(18), 186802 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luk, C. M.

L. Tang, R. Ji, X. Cao, J. Lin, H. Jiang, X. Li, K. S. Teng, C. M. Luk, S. Zeng, J. Hao, and S. P. Lau, “Deep ultraviolet photoluminescence of water-soluble self-passivated graphene quantum dots,” ACS Nano 6(6), 5102–5110 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, L. B.

W. Y. Kong, G. A. Wu, K. Y. Wang, T. F. Zhang, Y. F. Zou, D. D. Wang, and L. B. Luo, “Graphene-β-Ga2 O3 Heterojunction for Highly Sensitive Deep UV Photodetector Application,” Adv. Mater. 28(48), 10725–10731 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mak, K. F.

K. F. Mak, L. Ju, F. Wang, and T. F. Heinz, “Optical spectroscopy of graphene: From the far infrared to the ultraviolet,” Solid State Commun. 152(15), 1341–1349 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. F. Mak, J. Shan, and T. F. Heinz, “Seeing many-body effects in single- and few-layer graphene: observation of two-dimensional saddle-point excitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(4), 046401 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Manjavacas, A.

J. Christensen, A. Manjavacas, S. Thongrattanasiri, F. H. L. Koppens, and F. J. de Abajo, “Graphene plasmon waveguiding and hybridization in individual and paired nanoribbons,” ACS Nano 6(1), 431–440 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Matthaiakakis, N.

N. Matthaiakakis, X. Yan, H. Mizuta, and M. D. B. Charlton, “Tuneable strong optical absorption in a graphene-insulator-metal hybrid plasmonic device,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 7303 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mizuta, H.

N. Matthaiakakis, X. Yan, H. Mizuta, and M. D. B. Charlton, “Tuneable strong optical absorption in a graphene-insulator-metal hybrid plasmonic device,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 7303 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Morozov, S. V.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mortensen, N. A.

X. Zhu, L. Shi, M. S. Schmidt, A. Boisen, O. Hansen, J. Zi, S. Xiao, and N. A. Mortensen, “Enhanced light-matter interactions in graphene-covered gold nanovoid arrays,” Nano Lett. 13(10), 4690–4696 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nair, R. R.

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Novoselov, K. S.

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. K. Geim and K. S. Novoselov, “The rise of graphene,” Nat. Mater. 6(3), 183–191 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ou, J.

J. Zhu, S. Yan, N. Feng, L. Ye, J. Ou, and Q. H. Liu, “Near unity ultraviolet absorption in graphene without patterning,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(15), 153106 (2018).
[Crossref]

Ozyilmaz, B.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J. S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J. H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Paria, D.

D. Paria, H. H. Jeong, V. Vadakkumbatt, P. Deshpande, P. Fischer, A. Ghosh, and A. Ghosh, “Graphene-silver hybrid devices for sensitive photodetection in the ultraviolet,” Nanoscale 10(16), 7685–7693 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, C. H.

L. Yang, J. Deslippe, C. H. Park, M. L. Cohen, and S. G. Louie, “Excitonic effects on the optical response of graphene and bilayer graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(18), 186802 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, J. S.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J. S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J. H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peres, N. M. R.

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qiu, M.

J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 83(16), 165107 (2011).
[Crossref]

Rivera, N.

J. Sloan, N. Rivera, M. Soljačić, and I. Kaminer, “Tunable UV-Emitters through graphene plasmonics,” Nano Lett. 18(1), 308–313 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saito, R.

H. L. Liu, S. Siregar, E. H. Hasdeo, Y. Kumamoto, C. C. Shen, C. C. Cheng, L. J. Li, R. Saito, and S. Kawata, “Deep-ultraviolet Raman scattering studies of monolayer graphene thin films,” Carbon 81, 807–813 (2015).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, M. S.

X. Zhu, L. Shi, M. S. Schmidt, A. Boisen, O. Hansen, J. Zi, S. Xiao, and N. A. Mortensen, “Enhanced light-matter interactions in graphene-covered gold nanovoid arrays,” Nano Lett. 13(10), 4690–4696 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shan, J.

K. F. Mak, J. Shan, and T. F. Heinz, “Seeing many-body effects in single- and few-layer graphene: observation of two-dimensional saddle-point excitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(4), 046401 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, C. C.

H. L. Liu, S. Siregar, E. H. Hasdeo, Y. Kumamoto, C. C. Shen, C. C. Cheng, L. J. Li, R. Saito, and S. Kawata, “Deep-ultraviolet Raman scattering studies of monolayer graphene thin films,” Carbon 81, 807–813 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shi, L.

X. Zhu, L. Shi, M. S. Schmidt, A. Boisen, O. Hansen, J. Zi, S. Xiao, and N. A. Mortensen, “Enhanced light-matter interactions in graphene-covered gold nanovoid arrays,” Nano Lett. 13(10), 4690–4696 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shi, P.

J. Chen, Y. Zeng, X. Xu, X. Chen, Z. Zhou, P. Shi, Z. Yi, X. Ye, S. Xiao, and Y. Yi, “Plasmonic absorption enhancement in elliptical graphene arrays,” Nanomaterials (Basel) 8(3), 175 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sikes, K. J.

K. I. Bolotin, K. J. Sikes, Z. Jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. L. Stormer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Commun. 146(9-10), 351–355 (2008).
[Crossref]

Siregar, S.

H. L. Liu, S. Siregar, E. H. Hasdeo, Y. Kumamoto, C. C. Shen, C. C. Cheng, L. J. Li, R. Saito, and S. Kawata, “Deep-ultraviolet Raman scattering studies of monolayer graphene thin films,” Carbon 81, 807–813 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sloan, J.

J. Sloan, N. Rivera, M. Soljačić, and I. Kaminer, “Tunable UV-Emitters through graphene plasmonics,” Nano Lett. 18(1), 308–313 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Soljacic, M.

J. Sloan, N. Rivera, M. Soljačić, and I. Kaminer, “Tunable UV-Emitters through graphene plasmonics,” Nano Lett. 18(1), 308–313 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Song, Y. I.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J. S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J. H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Song, Z.

Stauber, T.

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stormer, H. L.

K. I. Bolotin, K. J. Sikes, Z. Jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. L. Stormer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Commun. 146(9-10), 351–355 (2008).
[Crossref]

Stramel, A.

M. Gong, Q. Liu, B. Cook, B. Kattel, T. Wang, W. L. Chan, D. Ewing, M. Casper, A. Stramel, and J. Z. Wu, “All-Printable ZnO quantum dots/graphene van der waals heterostructures for ultrasensitive detection of ultraviolet light,” ACS Nano 11(4), 4114–4123 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tang, L.

L. Tang, R. Ji, X. Cao, J. Lin, H. Jiang, X. Li, K. S. Teng, C. M. Luk, S. Zeng, J. Hao, and S. P. Lau, “Deep ultraviolet photoluminescence of water-soluble self-passivated graphene quantum dots,” ACS Nano 6(6), 5102–5110 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Teng, K. S.

L. Tang, R. Ji, X. Cao, J. Lin, H. Jiang, X. Li, K. S. Teng, C. M. Luk, S. Zeng, J. Hao, and S. P. Lau, “Deep ultraviolet photoluminescence of water-soluble self-passivated graphene quantum dots,” ACS Nano 6(6), 5102–5110 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thongrattanasiri, S.

J. Christensen, A. Manjavacas, S. Thongrattanasiri, F. H. L. Koppens, and F. J. de Abajo, “Graphene plasmon waveguiding and hybridization in individual and paired nanoribbons,” ACS Nano 6(1), 431–440 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vadakkumbatt, V.

D. Paria, H. H. Jeong, V. Vadakkumbatt, P. Deshpande, P. Fischer, A. Ghosh, and A. Ghosh, “Graphene-silver hybrid devices for sensitive photodetection in the ultraviolet,” Nanoscale 10(16), 7685–7693 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, B.

S. Xiao, T. Wang, X. Jiang, B. Wang, and C. Xu, “A spectrally tunable plasmonic photosensor with an ultrathin semiconductor region,” Plasmonics 13(3), 897–902 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wang, D. D.

W. Y. Kong, G. A. Wu, K. Y. Wang, T. F. Zhang, Y. F. Zou, D. D. Wang, and L. B. Luo, “Graphene-β-Ga2 O3 Heterojunction for Highly Sensitive Deep UV Photodetector Application,” Adv. Mater. 28(48), 10725–10731 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, F.

K. F. Mak, L. Ju, F. Wang, and T. F. Heinz, “Optical spectroscopy of graphene: From the far infrared to the ultraviolet,” Solid State Commun. 152(15), 1341–1349 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, K. Y.

W. Y. Kong, G. A. Wu, K. Y. Wang, T. F. Zhang, Y. F. Zou, D. D. Wang, and L. B. Luo, “Graphene-β-Ga2 O3 Heterojunction for Highly Sensitive Deep UV Photodetector Application,” Adv. Mater. 28(48), 10725–10731 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, T.

S. Xiao, T. Wang, X. Jiang, B. Wang, and C. Xu, “A spectrally tunable plasmonic photosensor with an ultrathin semiconductor region,” Plasmonics 13(3), 897–902 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Gong, Q. Liu, B. Cook, B. Kattel, T. Wang, W. L. Chan, D. Ewing, M. Casper, A. Stramel, and J. Z. Wu, “All-Printable ZnO quantum dots/graphene van der waals heterostructures for ultrasensitive detection of ultraviolet light,” ACS Nano 11(4), 4114–4123 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Jiang, T. Wang, S. Xiao, X. Yan, and L. Cheng, “Tunable ultra-high-efficiency light absorption of monolayer graphene using critical coupling with guided resonance,” Opt. Express 25(22), 27028–27036 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Xiao, T. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Xu, X. Han, and X. Yan, “Tunable light trapping and absorption enhancement with graphene ring arrays,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(38), 26661–26669 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wei, X.

C. Lee, X. Wei, J. W. Kysar, and J. Hone, “Measurement of the elastic properties and intrinsic strength of monolayer graphene,” Science 321(5887), 385–388 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, G. A.

W. Y. Kong, G. A. Wu, K. Y. Wang, T. F. Zhang, Y. F. Zou, D. D. Wang, and L. B. Luo, “Graphene-β-Ga2 O3 Heterojunction for Highly Sensitive Deep UV Photodetector Application,” Adv. Mater. 28(48), 10725–10731 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, J. Z.

M. Gong, Q. Liu, B. Cook, B. Kattel, T. Wang, W. L. Chan, D. Ewing, M. Casper, A. Stramel, and J. Z. Wu, “All-Printable ZnO quantum dots/graphene van der waals heterostructures for ultrasensitive detection of ultraviolet light,” ACS Nano 11(4), 4114–4123 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xiao, S.

J. Chen, Y. Zeng, X. Xu, X. Chen, Z. Zhou, P. Shi, Z. Yi, X. Ye, S. Xiao, and Y. Yi, “Plasmonic absorption enhancement in elliptical graphene arrays,” Nanomaterials (Basel) 8(3), 175 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Chen, Z. Yi, S. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Absorption enhancement in double-layer cross-shaped graphene arrays,” Mater. Res. Express 5(1), 015605 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Xiao, T. Wang, X. Jiang, B. Wang, and C. Xu, “A spectrally tunable plasmonic photosensor with an ultrathin semiconductor region,” Plasmonics 13(3), 897–902 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Jiang, T. Wang, S. Xiao, X. Yan, and L. Cheng, “Tunable ultra-high-efficiency light absorption of monolayer graphene using critical coupling with guided resonance,” Opt. Express 25(22), 27028–27036 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Xiao, T. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Xu, X. Han, and X. Yan, “Tunable light trapping and absorption enhancement with graphene ring arrays,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(38), 26661–26669 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhu, L. Shi, M. S. Schmidt, A. Boisen, O. Hansen, J. Zi, S. Xiao, and N. A. Mortensen, “Enhanced light-matter interactions in graphene-covered gold nanovoid arrays,” Nano Lett. 13(10), 4690–4696 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, C.

S. Xiao, T. Wang, X. Jiang, B. Wang, and C. Xu, “A spectrally tunable plasmonic photosensor with an ultrathin semiconductor region,” Plasmonics 13(3), 897–902 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Xiao, T. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Xu, X. Han, and X. Yan, “Tunable light trapping and absorption enhancement with graphene ring arrays,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(38), 26661–26669 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, X.

J. Chen, Z. Yi, S. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Absorption enhancement in double-layer cross-shaped graphene arrays,” Mater. Res. Express 5(1), 015605 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Chen, Y. Zeng, X. Xu, X. Chen, Z. Zhou, P. Shi, Z. Yi, X. Ye, S. Xiao, and Y. Yi, “Plasmonic absorption enhancement in elliptical graphene arrays,” Nanomaterials (Basel) 8(3), 175 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J. S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J. H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yan, S.

J. Zhu, S. Yan, N. Feng, L. Ye, J. Ou, and Q. H. Liu, “Near unity ultraviolet absorption in graphene without patterning,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(15), 153106 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Zhou, S. Yan, C. Li, J. Zhu, and Q. H. Liu, “Perfect ultraviolet absorption in graphene using the magnetic resonance of an all-dielectric nanostructure,” Opt. Express 26(14), 18155–18163 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yan, X.

X. Jiang, T. Wang, S. Xiao, X. Yan, and L. Cheng, “Tunable ultra-high-efficiency light absorption of monolayer graphene using critical coupling with guided resonance,” Opt. Express 25(22), 27028–27036 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Matthaiakakis, X. Yan, H. Mizuta, and M. D. B. Charlton, “Tuneable strong optical absorption in a graphene-insulator-metal hybrid plasmonic device,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 7303 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Xiao, T. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Xu, X. Han, and X. Yan, “Tunable light trapping and absorption enhancement with graphene ring arrays,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(38), 26661–26669 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, L.

L. Yang, J. Deslippe, C. H. Park, M. L. Cohen, and S. G. Louie, “Excitonic effects on the optical response of graphene and bilayer graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(18), 186802 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ye, L.

Ye, X.

J. Chen, Y. Zeng, X. Xu, X. Chen, Z. Zhou, P. Shi, Z. Yi, X. Ye, S. Xiao, and Y. Yi, “Plasmonic absorption enhancement in elliptical graphene arrays,” Nanomaterials (Basel) 8(3), 175 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yi, Y.

J. Chen, Y. Zeng, X. Xu, X. Chen, Z. Zhou, P. Shi, Z. Yi, X. Ye, S. Xiao, and Y. Yi, “Plasmonic absorption enhancement in elliptical graphene arrays,” Nanomaterials (Basel) 8(3), 175 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yi, Z.

J. Chen, Y. Zeng, X. Xu, X. Chen, Z. Zhou, P. Shi, Z. Yi, X. Ye, S. Xiao, and Y. Yi, “Plasmonic absorption enhancement in elliptical graphene arrays,” Nanomaterials (Basel) 8(3), 175 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Chen, Z. Yi, S. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Absorption enhancement in double-layer cross-shaped graphene arrays,” Mater. Res. Express 5(1), 015605 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zeng, S.

L. Tang, R. Ji, X. Cao, J. Lin, H. Jiang, X. Li, K. S. Teng, C. M. Luk, S. Zeng, J. Hao, and S. P. Lau, “Deep ultraviolet photoluminescence of water-soluble self-passivated graphene quantum dots,” ACS Nano 6(6), 5102–5110 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zeng, Y.

J. Chen, Y. Zeng, X. Xu, X. Chen, Z. Zhou, P. Shi, Z. Yi, X. Ye, S. Xiao, and Y. Yi, “Plasmonic absorption enhancement in elliptical graphene arrays,” Nanomaterials (Basel) 8(3), 175 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, T. F.

W. Y. Kong, G. A. Wu, K. Y. Wang, T. F. Zhang, Y. F. Zou, D. D. Wang, and L. B. Luo, “Graphene-β-Ga2 O3 Heterojunction for Highly Sensitive Deep UV Photodetector Application,” Adv. Mater. 28(48), 10725–10731 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheng, Y.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J. S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J. H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, J.

Zhou, L.

J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 83(16), 165107 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Z.

J. Chen, Y. Zeng, X. Xu, X. Chen, Z. Zhou, P. Shi, Z. Yi, X. Ye, S. Xiao, and Y. Yi, “Plasmonic absorption enhancement in elliptical graphene arrays,” Nanomaterials (Basel) 8(3), 175 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, J.

Zhu, X.

X. Zhu, L. Shi, M. S. Schmidt, A. Boisen, O. Hansen, J. Zi, S. Xiao, and N. A. Mortensen, “Enhanced light-matter interactions in graphene-covered gold nanovoid arrays,” Nano Lett. 13(10), 4690–4696 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zi, J.

X. Zhu, L. Shi, M. S. Schmidt, A. Boisen, O. Hansen, J. Zi, S. Xiao, and N. A. Mortensen, “Enhanced light-matter interactions in graphene-covered gold nanovoid arrays,” Nano Lett. 13(10), 4690–4696 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zou, Y. F.

W. Y. Kong, G. A. Wu, K. Y. Wang, T. F. Zhang, Y. F. Zou, D. D. Wang, and L. B. Luo, “Graphene-β-Ga2 O3 Heterojunction for Highly Sensitive Deep UV Photodetector Application,” Adv. Mater. 28(48), 10725–10731 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Nano (3)

L. Tang, R. Ji, X. Cao, J. Lin, H. Jiang, X. Li, K. S. Teng, C. M. Luk, S. Zeng, J. Hao, and S. P. Lau, “Deep ultraviolet photoluminescence of water-soluble self-passivated graphene quantum dots,” ACS Nano 6(6), 5102–5110 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Gong, Q. Liu, B. Cook, B. Kattel, T. Wang, W. L. Chan, D. Ewing, M. Casper, A. Stramel, and J. Z. Wu, “All-Printable ZnO quantum dots/graphene van der waals heterostructures for ultrasensitive detection of ultraviolet light,” ACS Nano 11(4), 4114–4123 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Christensen, A. Manjavacas, S. Thongrattanasiri, F. H. L. Koppens, and F. J. de Abajo, “Graphene plasmon waveguiding and hybridization in individual and paired nanoribbons,” ACS Nano 6(1), 431–440 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (1)

W. Y. Kong, G. A. Wu, K. Y. Wang, T. F. Zhang, Y. F. Zou, D. D. Wang, and L. B. Luo, “Graphene-β-Ga2 O3 Heterojunction for Highly Sensitive Deep UV Photodetector Application,” Adv. Mater. 28(48), 10725–10731 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

J. Zhu, S. Yan, N. Feng, L. Ye, J. Ou, and Q. H. Liu, “Near unity ultraviolet absorption in graphene without patterning,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(15), 153106 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Cai, J. Zhu, and Q. H. Liu, “Tunable enhanced optical absorption of graphene using plasmonic perfect absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(4), 043105 (2015).
[Crossref]

Carbon (1)

H. L. Liu, S. Siregar, E. H. Hasdeo, Y. Kumamoto, C. C. Shen, C. C. Cheng, L. J. Li, R. Saito, and S. Kawata, “Deep-ultraviolet Raman scattering studies of monolayer graphene thin films,” Carbon 81, 807–813 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mater. Res. Express (1)

J. Chen, Z. Yi, S. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Absorption enhancement in double-layer cross-shaped graphene arrays,” Mater. Res. Express 5(1), 015605 (2018).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (2)

J. Sloan, N. Rivera, M. Soljačić, and I. Kaminer, “Tunable UV-Emitters through graphene plasmonics,” Nano Lett. 18(1), 308–313 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhu, L. Shi, M. S. Schmidt, A. Boisen, O. Hansen, J. Zi, S. Xiao, and N. A. Mortensen, “Enhanced light-matter interactions in graphene-covered gold nanovoid arrays,” Nano Lett. 13(10), 4690–4696 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nanomaterials (Basel) (1)

J. Chen, Y. Zeng, X. Xu, X. Chen, Z. Zhou, P. Shi, Z. Yi, X. Ye, S. Xiao, and Y. Yi, “Plasmonic absorption enhancement in elliptical graphene arrays,” Nanomaterials (Basel) 8(3), 175 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nanoscale (2)

D. Paria, H. H. Jeong, V. Vadakkumbatt, P. Deshpande, P. Fischer, A. Ghosh, and A. Ghosh, “Graphene-silver hybrid devices for sensitive photodetection in the ultraviolet,” Nanoscale 10(16), 7685–7693 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhu, Q. H. Liu, and T. Lin, “Manipulating light absorption of graphene using plasmonic nanoparticles,” Nanoscale 5(17), 7785–7789 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

A. K. Geim and K. S. Novoselov, “The rise of graphene,” Nat. Mater. 6(3), 183–191 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J. S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Ozyilmaz, J. H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (4)

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (1)

S. Xiao, T. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Xu, X. Han, and X. Yan, “Tunable light trapping and absorption enhancement with graphene ring arrays,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(38), 26661–26669 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. (1)

J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 83(16), 165107 (2011).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

K. F. Mak, J. Shan, and T. F. Heinz, “Seeing many-body effects in single- and few-layer graphene: observation of two-dimensional saddle-point excitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(4), 046401 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Yang, J. Deslippe, C. H. Park, M. L. Cohen, and S. G. Louie, “Excitonic effects on the optical response of graphene and bilayer graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(18), 186802 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Plasmonics (1)

S. Xiao, T. Wang, X. Jiang, B. Wang, and C. Xu, “A spectrally tunable plasmonic photosensor with an ultrathin semiconductor region,” Plasmonics 13(3), 897–902 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

N. Matthaiakakis, X. Yan, H. Mizuta, and M. D. B. Charlton, “Tuneable strong optical absorption in a graphene-insulator-metal hybrid plasmonic device,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 7303 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (3)

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Lee, X. Wei, J. W. Kysar, and J. Hone, “Measurement of the elastic properties and intrinsic strength of monolayer graphene,” Science 321(5887), 385–388 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Solid State Commun. (2)

K. I. Bolotin, K. J. Sikes, Z. Jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. L. Stormer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Commun. 146(9-10), 351–355 (2008).
[Crossref]

K. F. Mak, L. Ju, F. Wang, and T. F. Heinz, “Optical spectroscopy of graphene: From the far infrared to the ultraviolet,” Solid State Commun. 152(15), 1341–1349 (2012).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic Press, 1998).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic drawing of the GBMDM plasmonic structure. The symbols w, h and p represent the width, thickness and periodic spacing of aluminum nanoribbons. The symbols t and t1 represent the thickness of the upper and lower Al2O3 layer, respectively.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Light absorption of (a) graphene and (b) Al, using different heights of Al nanoribbons, for t = 1 nm, t1 = 20 nm, p = 120 nm and w = 20 nm. Al2O3 is lossless in this spectral range.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Electric field distributions at wavelength λ = 270 nm, (b) electric field distributions at wavelength λ = 700 nm, (c) magnetic field distributions at wavelength λ = 270 nm, (d) magnetic field distributions at wavelength λ = 700 nm, where t = 1 nm, t1 = 20 nm, p = 120 nm, w = 20 nm, and h = 20 nm
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Influence of the thickness of insulator spacers on light absorption of graphene.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Effect of surface oxidation of Al nanoribbons.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 UV light absorption in graphene using (a) different thicknesses of lower bottom Al2O3, (b) different width of Al nanoribbons, (c) different nanoribbon array pitches.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Light absorption of graphene under different incident angles, for t1 = 20 nm, p = 120 nm, h = 20 nm and w = 20 nm.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Schematics of the 3D enhancement structure.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 UV light absorption of graphene using different (a) heights of Al nanoparticles, (b) different nanoparticle array pitches, (c) different widths of Al nanoparticles, (d) different thicknesses of lower bottom Al2O3.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Light absorption in graphene under different incident angles of (a) TE polarization and (b) TM polarization.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E=[ ε xx (ω) 0 0 0 ε yy (ω) 0 0 0 ε zz ]
ε in (ω)= ε xx (ω)= ε yy (ω)= ε 0 +i σ(ω) Hω
σ(ω)= σ CB (ω) (q+ E n ) 2 1+ E n 2
E n = hω/2π E r Γ/2
A(λ)= 4πc λ Re(N)Im(N) V | E l | 2 dV