Abstract

Mono-crystal scintillator materials suffer from issues of complex, time-consuming techniques as well as small volume. Here, bulk Tb3+-doped Na5Gd9F32 glass ceramic (GC) scintillators with relatively high transparency were successfully manufactured via the melt-quenching method with further thermal treatment. Their structural and luminescent properties were systemically investigated by a series of characterization techniques including XRD, TEM, absorption spectra, photoluminescence (PL) excitation and emission spectra, lifetime measurements, and X-ray excited luminescence (XEL). Luminescent spectroscopy results show that the optimum doping concentrations of Tb3+ in precursor glass (PG) and GC systems are both 4 mol%. The XEL intensity of PG is about 64% of that of a commercial Bi4Ge3O14 (BGO) scintillator with the same thickness. Benefiting from the incorporation of Tb3+ ions into Na5Gd9F32 nanocrystals, enhanced PL and XEL of Tb3+ ion are realized after crystallization. The internal PL quantum yield of GC is 43.0% and the XEL intensity of GC reaches 130% of that of a BGO scintillator. Our results demonstrate that Na5Gd9F32 GC may act as an efficient scintillator with large-volume and low-cost.

© 2017 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2018 (1)

J. Cao, W. Chen, D. Xu, F. Hu, L. Chen, and H. Guo, “Wide-range thermometry based on green up-conversion of Yb3+/Er3+ co-doped KLu2F7 transparent bulk oxyfluoride glass ceramics,” J. Lumin. 194, 219–224 (2018).

2017 (5)

G. Martinez-Criado, B. Alen, J. A. Sans, A. D. Lozano-Gorrin, P. Haro-Gonzalez, I. R. Martin, and V. Lavin, “X-ray nanoimaging of Nd3+ optically active ions embedded in Sr0.5Ba0.5Nb2O6 nanocrystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(7), 2424–2431 (2017).

W. Chen, F. Hu, R. Wei, Q. Zeng, L. Chen, and H. Guo, “Optical thermometry based on up-conversion luminescence of Tm3+ doped transparent Sr2YF7 glass ceramics,” J. Lumin. 192, 303–309 (2017).

T. Hu, H. Lin, J. Xu, B. Wang, J. Wang, and Y. Wang, “Color-tunable persistent luminescence in oxyfluoride glass and glass ceramic containing Mn2+:alpha-Zn2SiO4 nanocrystals,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 5(6), 1479–1487 (2017).

X. Li, S. Yuan, F. Hu, S. Lu, D. Chen, and M. Yin, “Near-infrared to short-wavelength upconversion temperature sensing in transparent bulk glass ceramics containing hexagonal NaGdF4:Yb3+/Ho3+ nanocrystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(8), 3023–3033 (2017).

X. Li, J. Cao, F. Hu, R. Wei, and H. Guo, “Transparent Na5Gd9F32:Er3+ glass-ceramics: enhanced up-conversion luminescence and applications in optical temperature sensors,” RSC Advances 7(56), 35147–35153 (2017).

2016 (8)

J. Cao, X. Wang, X. Li, Y. Wei, L. Chen, and H. Guo, “Enhanced emissions in Tb3+-doped oxyfluoride scintillating glass ceramics containing KLu2F7 nano-crystals,” J. Lumin. 170, 207–211 (2016).

J. Cao, L. Chen, W. Chen, D. Xu, X. Sun, and H. Guo, “Enhanced emissions in self-crystallized oxyfluoride scintillating glass ceramics containing KTb2F7 nanocrystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(7), 2201–2206 (2016).

G. Lee, C. Struebing, B. Wagner, C. Summers, Y. Ding, A. Bryant, N. Thadhani, D. Shedlock, J. Star-Lack, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and characterization of a BaGdF5:Tb glass ceramic as a nanocomposite scintillator for x-ray imaging,” Nanotechnology 27(20), 205203 (2016).
[PubMed]

C. Struebing, G. Lee, B. Wagner, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of Tb doped LaBGeO5 and GdBGeO5 glass scintillators,” J. Alloys Compd. 686, 9–14 (2016).
[PubMed]

J. Cao, W. Chen, L. Chen, X. Sun, and H. Guo, “Synthesis and characterization of BaLuF5:Tb3+ oxyfluoride glass ceramics as nanocomposite scintillator for X-ray imaging,” Ceram. Int. 42(15), 17834–17838 (2016).

C. Struebing, J. Chong, G. Lee, M. Zavala, A. Erickson, Y. Ding, C. L. Wang, Y. Diawara, R. Engels, B. Wagner, and Z. T. Kang, “A neutron scintillator based on transparent nanocrystalline CaF2:Eu glass ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(15), 153106 (2016).

X. Xu, W. Zhang, D. Yang, W. Lu, J. Qiu, and S. F. Yu, “Phonon-assisted population inversion in lanthanide-doped upconversion Ba2LaF7 nanocrystals in glass-ceramics,” Adv. Mater. 28(36), 8045–8050 (2016).
[PubMed]

H. Burešová, L. Procházková, R. M. Turtos, V. Jarý, E. Mihóková, A. Beitlerová, R. Pjatkan, S. Gundacker, E. Auffray, P. Lecoq, M. Nikl, and V. Čuba, “Preparation and luminescence properties of ZnO:Ga - polystyrene composite scintillator,” Opt. Express 24(14), 15289–15298 (2016).
[PubMed]

2015 (4)

P. Buechele, M. Richter, S. F. Tedde, G. J. Matt, G. N. Ankah, R. Fischer, M. Biele, W. Metzger, S. Lilliu, O. Bikondoa, J. E. Macdonald, C. J. Brabec, T. Kraus, U. Lemmer, and O. Schmidt, “X-ray imaging with scintillator-sensitized hybrid organic photodetectors,” Nat. Photonics 9(12), 843–848 (2015).

A. Burger, E. Rowe, M. Groza, K. M. Figueroa, N. J. Cherepy, P. R. Beck, S. Hunter, and S. A. Payne, “A high light yield, non-hygroscopic cubic crystal scintillator for gamma spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(14), 143505 (2015).

G. Gao, A. Winterstein-Beckmann, O. Surzhenko, C. Dubs, J. Dellith, M. A. Schmidt, and L. Wondraczek, “Faraday rotation and photoluminescence in heavily Tb3+-doped GeO2-B2O3-Al2O3-Ga2O3 glasses for fiber-integrated magneto-optics,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8942 (2015).
[PubMed]

D. Chen, Z. Wan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, H. Yu, H. Lu, Z. Ji, and P. Huang, “Lanthanide-activated Na5Gd9F32 nanocrystals precipitated from a borosilicate glass: Phase-separation-controlled crystallization and optical property,” J. Alloys Compd. 625, 149–157 (2015).

2014 (4)

G. Gao and L. Wondraczek, “Heavily Eu3+-doped boroaluminosilicate glasses for UV/blue-to-red photoconversion with high quantum yield,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(4), 691–695 (2014).

G. Gao, J. Wei, Y. Shen, M. Peng, and L. Wondraczek, “Heavily Eu2O3-doped yttria-aluminoborate glasses for red photoconversion with a high quantum yield: luminescence quenching and statistics of cluster formation,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(41), 8678–8682 (2014).

W. Chen, H. Tu, S. Sahi, D. Mao, R. Kenarangui, J. Luo, P. Jin, S. Liu, L. Ma, A. Brandt, and A. Weiss, “Luminescence of La0.2Y1.8O3 nanostructured scintillators,” Opt. Lett. 39(19), 5705–5708 (2014).
[PubMed]

G. Lee, N. Savage, B. Wagner, Y. Zhang, B. Jacobs, H. Menkara, C. Summers, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties GdF3:Tb glass-ceramic scintillator,” J. Lumin. 147, 363–366 (2014).
[PubMed]

2013 (3)

S. Zhou, C. Li, G. Yang, G. Bi, B. Xu, Z. Hong, K. Miura, K. Hirao, and J. Qiu, “Self-limited nanocrystallization-mediated activation of semiconductor nanocrystal in an amorphous solid,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(43), 5436–5443 (2013).

Y. Wei, J. Li, J. Yang, X. Chi, and H. Guo, “Enhanced green upconversion in Tb3+-Yb3+ co-doped oxyfluoride glass ceramics containing LaF3 nanocrystals,” J. Lumin. 137(9), 70–72 (2013).

X. Y. Sun, X. G. Yu, W. F. Wang, Y. N. Li, Z. J. Zhang, and J. T. Zhao, “Luminescent properties of Tb3+-activated B2O3-GeO2-Gd2O3 scintillating glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 379, 127–130 (2013).

2012 (2)

S. Huang, Q. Gao, and M. Gu, “Enhanced luminescence in transparent glass ceramics containing BaYF5:Ce3+ nanocrystals,” J. Lumin. 132(3), 750–754 (2012).

S. Huang and M. Gu, “Enhanced luminescent properties of Tb3+ ions in transparent glass ceramics containing BaGdF5 nanocrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 358(1), 77–80 (2012).

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

J. Fu, M. Kobayashi, S. Sugimoto, and J. M. Parker, “Scintillation from Eu2+ in nanocrystallized glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(9), 2119–2121 (2009).

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

S. E. Létant and T. F. Wang, “Semiconductor quantum dot scintillation under γ-ray irradiation,” Nano Lett. 6(12), 2877–2880 (2006).
[PubMed]

M. Nikl, “Scintillation detectors for x-rays,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 37–54 (2006).

1976 (1)

R. D. Shannon, “Revised effective ionic radii and systematic studies of interatomic distances in halides and chalcogenides,” Acta Crystallogr. 32(1–2), 751–767 (1976).

Alen, B.

Ankah, G. N.

P. Buechele, M. Richter, S. F. Tedde, G. J. Matt, G. N. Ankah, R. Fischer, M. Biele, W. Metzger, S. Lilliu, O. Bikondoa, J. E. Macdonald, C. J. Brabec, T. Kraus, U. Lemmer, and O. Schmidt, “X-ray imaging with scintillator-sensitized hybrid organic photodetectors,” Nat. Photonics 9(12), 843–848 (2015).

Auffray, E.

Beck, P. R.

A. Burger, E. Rowe, M. Groza, K. M. Figueroa, N. J. Cherepy, P. R. Beck, S. Hunter, and S. A. Payne, “A high light yield, non-hygroscopic cubic crystal scintillator for gamma spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(14), 143505 (2015).

Beitlerová, A.

Bi, G.

S. Zhou, C. Li, G. Yang, G. Bi, B. Xu, Z. Hong, K. Miura, K. Hirao, and J. Qiu, “Self-limited nanocrystallization-mediated activation of semiconductor nanocrystal in an amorphous solid,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(43), 5436–5443 (2013).

Biele, M.

P. Buechele, M. Richter, S. F. Tedde, G. J. Matt, G. N. Ankah, R. Fischer, M. Biele, W. Metzger, S. Lilliu, O. Bikondoa, J. E. Macdonald, C. J. Brabec, T. Kraus, U. Lemmer, and O. Schmidt, “X-ray imaging with scintillator-sensitized hybrid organic photodetectors,” Nat. Photonics 9(12), 843–848 (2015).

Bikondoa, O.

P. Buechele, M. Richter, S. F. Tedde, G. J. Matt, G. N. Ankah, R. Fischer, M. Biele, W. Metzger, S. Lilliu, O. Bikondoa, J. E. Macdonald, C. J. Brabec, T. Kraus, U. Lemmer, and O. Schmidt, “X-ray imaging with scintillator-sensitized hybrid organic photodetectors,” Nat. Photonics 9(12), 843–848 (2015).

Brabec, C. J.

P. Buechele, M. Richter, S. F. Tedde, G. J. Matt, G. N. Ankah, R. Fischer, M. Biele, W. Metzger, S. Lilliu, O. Bikondoa, J. E. Macdonald, C. J. Brabec, T. Kraus, U. Lemmer, and O. Schmidt, “X-ray imaging with scintillator-sensitized hybrid organic photodetectors,” Nat. Photonics 9(12), 843–848 (2015).

Brandt, A.

Bryant, A.

G. Lee, C. Struebing, B. Wagner, C. Summers, Y. Ding, A. Bryant, N. Thadhani, D. Shedlock, J. Star-Lack, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and characterization of a BaGdF5:Tb glass ceramic as a nanocomposite scintillator for x-ray imaging,” Nanotechnology 27(20), 205203 (2016).
[PubMed]

Buechele, P.

P. Buechele, M. Richter, S. F. Tedde, G. J. Matt, G. N. Ankah, R. Fischer, M. Biele, W. Metzger, S. Lilliu, O. Bikondoa, J. E. Macdonald, C. J. Brabec, T. Kraus, U. Lemmer, and O. Schmidt, “X-ray imaging with scintillator-sensitized hybrid organic photodetectors,” Nat. Photonics 9(12), 843–848 (2015).

Burešová, H.

Burger, A.

A. Burger, E. Rowe, M. Groza, K. M. Figueroa, N. J. Cherepy, P. R. Beck, S. Hunter, and S. A. Payne, “A high light yield, non-hygroscopic cubic crystal scintillator for gamma spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(14), 143505 (2015).

Cao, J.

J. Cao, W. Chen, D. Xu, F. Hu, L. Chen, and H. Guo, “Wide-range thermometry based on green up-conversion of Yb3+/Er3+ co-doped KLu2F7 transparent bulk oxyfluoride glass ceramics,” J. Lumin. 194, 219–224 (2018).

X. Li, J. Cao, F. Hu, R. Wei, and H. Guo, “Transparent Na5Gd9F32:Er3+ glass-ceramics: enhanced up-conversion luminescence and applications in optical temperature sensors,” RSC Advances 7(56), 35147–35153 (2017).

J. Cao, X. Wang, X. Li, Y. Wei, L. Chen, and H. Guo, “Enhanced emissions in Tb3+-doped oxyfluoride scintillating glass ceramics containing KLu2F7 nano-crystals,” J. Lumin. 170, 207–211 (2016).

J. Cao, W. Chen, L. Chen, X. Sun, and H. Guo, “Synthesis and characterization of BaLuF5:Tb3+ oxyfluoride glass ceramics as nanocomposite scintillator for X-ray imaging,” Ceram. Int. 42(15), 17834–17838 (2016).

J. Cao, L. Chen, W. Chen, D. Xu, X. Sun, and H. Guo, “Enhanced emissions in self-crystallized oxyfluoride scintillating glass ceramics containing KTb2F7 nanocrystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(7), 2201–2206 (2016).

Chen, D.

X. Li, S. Yuan, F. Hu, S. Lu, D. Chen, and M. Yin, “Near-infrared to short-wavelength upconversion temperature sensing in transparent bulk glass ceramics containing hexagonal NaGdF4:Yb3+/Ho3+ nanocrystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(8), 3023–3033 (2017).

D. Chen, Z. Wan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, H. Yu, H. Lu, Z. Ji, and P. Huang, “Lanthanide-activated Na5Gd9F32 nanocrystals precipitated from a borosilicate glass: Phase-separation-controlled crystallization and optical property,” J. Alloys Compd. 625, 149–157 (2015).

Chen, L.

J. Cao, W. Chen, D. Xu, F. Hu, L. Chen, and H. Guo, “Wide-range thermometry based on green up-conversion of Yb3+/Er3+ co-doped KLu2F7 transparent bulk oxyfluoride glass ceramics,” J. Lumin. 194, 219–224 (2018).

W. Chen, F. Hu, R. Wei, Q. Zeng, L. Chen, and H. Guo, “Optical thermometry based on up-conversion luminescence of Tm3+ doped transparent Sr2YF7 glass ceramics,” J. Lumin. 192, 303–309 (2017).

J. Cao, X. Wang, X. Li, Y. Wei, L. Chen, and H. Guo, “Enhanced emissions in Tb3+-doped oxyfluoride scintillating glass ceramics containing KLu2F7 nano-crystals,” J. Lumin. 170, 207–211 (2016).

J. Cao, W. Chen, L. Chen, X. Sun, and H. Guo, “Synthesis and characterization of BaLuF5:Tb3+ oxyfluoride glass ceramics as nanocomposite scintillator for X-ray imaging,” Ceram. Int. 42(15), 17834–17838 (2016).

J. Cao, L. Chen, W. Chen, D. Xu, X. Sun, and H. Guo, “Enhanced emissions in self-crystallized oxyfluoride scintillating glass ceramics containing KTb2F7 nanocrystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(7), 2201–2206 (2016).

Chen, W.

J. Cao, W. Chen, D. Xu, F. Hu, L. Chen, and H. Guo, “Wide-range thermometry based on green up-conversion of Yb3+/Er3+ co-doped KLu2F7 transparent bulk oxyfluoride glass ceramics,” J. Lumin. 194, 219–224 (2018).

W. Chen, F. Hu, R. Wei, Q. Zeng, L. Chen, and H. Guo, “Optical thermometry based on up-conversion luminescence of Tm3+ doped transparent Sr2YF7 glass ceramics,” J. Lumin. 192, 303–309 (2017).

J. Cao, W. Chen, L. Chen, X. Sun, and H. Guo, “Synthesis and characterization of BaLuF5:Tb3+ oxyfluoride glass ceramics as nanocomposite scintillator for X-ray imaging,” Ceram. Int. 42(15), 17834–17838 (2016).

J. Cao, L. Chen, W. Chen, D. Xu, X. Sun, and H. Guo, “Enhanced emissions in self-crystallized oxyfluoride scintillating glass ceramics containing KTb2F7 nanocrystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(7), 2201–2206 (2016).

W. Chen, H. Tu, S. Sahi, D. Mao, R. Kenarangui, J. Luo, P. Jin, S. Liu, L. Ma, A. Brandt, and A. Weiss, “Luminescence of La0.2Y1.8O3 nanostructured scintillators,” Opt. Lett. 39(19), 5705–5708 (2014).
[PubMed]

Chen, Y.

D. Chen, Z. Wan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, H. Yu, H. Lu, Z. Ji, and P. Huang, “Lanthanide-activated Na5Gd9F32 nanocrystals precipitated from a borosilicate glass: Phase-separation-controlled crystallization and optical property,” J. Alloys Compd. 625, 149–157 (2015).

Cherepy, N. J.

A. Burger, E. Rowe, M. Groza, K. M. Figueroa, N. J. Cherepy, P. R. Beck, S. Hunter, and S. A. Payne, “A high light yield, non-hygroscopic cubic crystal scintillator for gamma spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(14), 143505 (2015).

Chi, X.

Y. Wei, J. Li, J. Yang, X. Chi, and H. Guo, “Enhanced green upconversion in Tb3+-Yb3+ co-doped oxyfluoride glass ceramics containing LaF3 nanocrystals,” J. Lumin. 137(9), 70–72 (2013).

Chong, J.

C. Struebing, J. Chong, G. Lee, M. Zavala, A. Erickson, Y. Ding, C. L. Wang, Y. Diawara, R. Engels, B. Wagner, and Z. T. Kang, “A neutron scintillator based on transparent nanocrystalline CaF2:Eu glass ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(15), 153106 (2016).

Cuba, V.

Dellith, J.

G. Gao, A. Winterstein-Beckmann, O. Surzhenko, C. Dubs, J. Dellith, M. A. Schmidt, and L. Wondraczek, “Faraday rotation and photoluminescence in heavily Tb3+-doped GeO2-B2O3-Al2O3-Ga2O3 glasses for fiber-integrated magneto-optics,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8942 (2015).
[PubMed]

Demir, H. V.

Diawara, Y.

C. Struebing, J. Chong, G. Lee, M. Zavala, A. Erickson, Y. Ding, C. L. Wang, Y. Diawara, R. Engels, B. Wagner, and Z. T. Kang, “A neutron scintillator based on transparent nanocrystalline CaF2:Eu glass ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(15), 153106 (2016).

Ding, Y.

C. Struebing, J. Chong, G. Lee, M. Zavala, A. Erickson, Y. Ding, C. L. Wang, Y. Diawara, R. Engels, B. Wagner, and Z. T. Kang, “A neutron scintillator based on transparent nanocrystalline CaF2:Eu glass ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(15), 153106 (2016).

G. Lee, C. Struebing, B. Wagner, C. Summers, Y. Ding, A. Bryant, N. Thadhani, D. Shedlock, J. Star-Lack, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and characterization of a BaGdF5:Tb glass ceramic as a nanocomposite scintillator for x-ray imaging,” Nanotechnology 27(20), 205203 (2016).
[PubMed]

Dubs, C.

G. Gao, A. Winterstein-Beckmann, O. Surzhenko, C. Dubs, J. Dellith, M. A. Schmidt, and L. Wondraczek, “Faraday rotation and photoluminescence in heavily Tb3+-doped GeO2-B2O3-Al2O3-Ga2O3 glasses for fiber-integrated magneto-optics,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8942 (2015).
[PubMed]

Engels, R.

C. Struebing, J. Chong, G. Lee, M. Zavala, A. Erickson, Y. Ding, C. L. Wang, Y. Diawara, R. Engels, B. Wagner, and Z. T. Kang, “A neutron scintillator based on transparent nanocrystalline CaF2:Eu glass ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(15), 153106 (2016).

Erickson, A.

C. Struebing, J. Chong, G. Lee, M. Zavala, A. Erickson, Y. Ding, C. L. Wang, Y. Diawara, R. Engels, B. Wagner, and Z. T. Kang, “A neutron scintillator based on transparent nanocrystalline CaF2:Eu glass ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(15), 153106 (2016).

Figueroa, K. M.

A. Burger, E. Rowe, M. Groza, K. M. Figueroa, N. J. Cherepy, P. R. Beck, S. Hunter, and S. A. Payne, “A high light yield, non-hygroscopic cubic crystal scintillator for gamma spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(14), 143505 (2015).

Fischer, R.

P. Buechele, M. Richter, S. F. Tedde, G. J. Matt, G. N. Ankah, R. Fischer, M. Biele, W. Metzger, S. Lilliu, O. Bikondoa, J. E. Macdonald, C. J. Brabec, T. Kraus, U. Lemmer, and O. Schmidt, “X-ray imaging with scintillator-sensitized hybrid organic photodetectors,” Nat. Photonics 9(12), 843–848 (2015).

Fu, J.

J. Fu, M. Kobayashi, S. Sugimoto, and J. M. Parker, “Scintillation from Eu2+ in nanocrystallized glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(9), 2119–2121 (2009).

Gao, G.

G. Gao, A. Winterstein-Beckmann, O. Surzhenko, C. Dubs, J. Dellith, M. A. Schmidt, and L. Wondraczek, “Faraday rotation and photoluminescence in heavily Tb3+-doped GeO2-B2O3-Al2O3-Ga2O3 glasses for fiber-integrated magneto-optics,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8942 (2015).
[PubMed]

G. Gao and L. Wondraczek, “Heavily Eu3+-doped boroaluminosilicate glasses for UV/blue-to-red photoconversion with high quantum yield,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(4), 691–695 (2014).

G. Gao, J. Wei, Y. Shen, M. Peng, and L. Wondraczek, “Heavily Eu2O3-doped yttria-aluminoborate glasses for red photoconversion with a high quantum yield: luminescence quenching and statistics of cluster formation,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(41), 8678–8682 (2014).

Gao, Q.

S. Huang, Q. Gao, and M. Gu, “Enhanced luminescence in transparent glass ceramics containing BaYF5:Ce3+ nanocrystals,” J. Lumin. 132(3), 750–754 (2012).

Groza, M.

A. Burger, E. Rowe, M. Groza, K. M. Figueroa, N. J. Cherepy, P. R. Beck, S. Hunter, and S. A. Payne, “A high light yield, non-hygroscopic cubic crystal scintillator for gamma spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(14), 143505 (2015).

Gu, M.

S. Huang, Q. Gao, and M. Gu, “Enhanced luminescence in transparent glass ceramics containing BaYF5:Ce3+ nanocrystals,” J. Lumin. 132(3), 750–754 (2012).

S. Huang and M. Gu, “Enhanced luminescent properties of Tb3+ ions in transparent glass ceramics containing BaGdF5 nanocrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 358(1), 77–80 (2012).

Gundacker, S.

Guo, H.

J. Cao, W. Chen, D. Xu, F. Hu, L. Chen, and H. Guo, “Wide-range thermometry based on green up-conversion of Yb3+/Er3+ co-doped KLu2F7 transparent bulk oxyfluoride glass ceramics,” J. Lumin. 194, 219–224 (2018).

W. Chen, F. Hu, R. Wei, Q. Zeng, L. Chen, and H. Guo, “Optical thermometry based on up-conversion luminescence of Tm3+ doped transparent Sr2YF7 glass ceramics,” J. Lumin. 192, 303–309 (2017).

X. Li, J. Cao, F. Hu, R. Wei, and H. Guo, “Transparent Na5Gd9F32:Er3+ glass-ceramics: enhanced up-conversion luminescence and applications in optical temperature sensors,” RSC Advances 7(56), 35147–35153 (2017).

J. Cao, X. Wang, X. Li, Y. Wei, L. Chen, and H. Guo, “Enhanced emissions in Tb3+-doped oxyfluoride scintillating glass ceramics containing KLu2F7 nano-crystals,” J. Lumin. 170, 207–211 (2016).

J. Cao, W. Chen, L. Chen, X. Sun, and H. Guo, “Synthesis and characterization of BaLuF5:Tb3+ oxyfluoride glass ceramics as nanocomposite scintillator for X-ray imaging,” Ceram. Int. 42(15), 17834–17838 (2016).

J. Cao, L. Chen, W. Chen, D. Xu, X. Sun, and H. Guo, “Enhanced emissions in self-crystallized oxyfluoride scintillating glass ceramics containing KTb2F7 nanocrystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(7), 2201–2206 (2016).

Y. Wei, J. Li, J. Yang, X. Chi, and H. Guo, “Enhanced green upconversion in Tb3+-Yb3+ co-doped oxyfluoride glass ceramics containing LaF3 nanocrystals,” J. Lumin. 137(9), 70–72 (2013).

H. Guo, H. Zhang, J. Li, and F. Li, “Blue-white-green tunable luminescence from Ba2Gd2Si4O13:Ce3+,Tb3+ phosphors excited by ultraviolet light,” Opt. Express 18(26), 27257–27262 (2010).
[PubMed]

Haro-Gonzalez, P.

Hirao, K.

S. Zhou, C. Li, G. Yang, G. Bi, B. Xu, Z. Hong, K. Miura, K. Hirao, and J. Qiu, “Self-limited nanocrystallization-mediated activation of semiconductor nanocrystal in an amorphous solid,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(43), 5436–5443 (2013).

Hong, Z.

S. Zhou, C. Li, G. Yang, G. Bi, B. Xu, Z. Hong, K. Miura, K. Hirao, and J. Qiu, “Self-limited nanocrystallization-mediated activation of semiconductor nanocrystal in an amorphous solid,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(43), 5436–5443 (2013).

Hu, F.

J. Cao, W. Chen, D. Xu, F. Hu, L. Chen, and H. Guo, “Wide-range thermometry based on green up-conversion of Yb3+/Er3+ co-doped KLu2F7 transparent bulk oxyfluoride glass ceramics,” J. Lumin. 194, 219–224 (2018).

W. Chen, F. Hu, R. Wei, Q. Zeng, L. Chen, and H. Guo, “Optical thermometry based on up-conversion luminescence of Tm3+ doped transparent Sr2YF7 glass ceramics,” J. Lumin. 192, 303–309 (2017).

X. Li, J. Cao, F. Hu, R. Wei, and H. Guo, “Transparent Na5Gd9F32:Er3+ glass-ceramics: enhanced up-conversion luminescence and applications in optical temperature sensors,” RSC Advances 7(56), 35147–35153 (2017).

X. Li, S. Yuan, F. Hu, S. Lu, D. Chen, and M. Yin, “Near-infrared to short-wavelength upconversion temperature sensing in transparent bulk glass ceramics containing hexagonal NaGdF4:Yb3+/Ho3+ nanocrystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(8), 3023–3033 (2017).

Hu, T.

T. Hu, H. Lin, J. Xu, B. Wang, J. Wang, and Y. Wang, “Color-tunable persistent luminescence in oxyfluoride glass and glass ceramic containing Mn2+:alpha-Zn2SiO4 nanocrystals,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 5(6), 1479–1487 (2017).

Huang, P.

D. Chen, Z. Wan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, H. Yu, H. Lu, Z. Ji, and P. Huang, “Lanthanide-activated Na5Gd9F32 nanocrystals precipitated from a borosilicate glass: Phase-separation-controlled crystallization and optical property,” J. Alloys Compd. 625, 149–157 (2015).

Huang, S.

S. Huang and M. Gu, “Enhanced luminescent properties of Tb3+ ions in transparent glass ceramics containing BaGdF5 nanocrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 358(1), 77–80 (2012).

S. Huang, Q. Gao, and M. Gu, “Enhanced luminescence in transparent glass ceramics containing BaYF5:Ce3+ nanocrystals,” J. Lumin. 132(3), 750–754 (2012).

Hunter, S.

A. Burger, E. Rowe, M. Groza, K. M. Figueroa, N. J. Cherepy, P. R. Beck, S. Hunter, and S. A. Payne, “A high light yield, non-hygroscopic cubic crystal scintillator for gamma spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(14), 143505 (2015).

Jacobs, B.

G. Lee, N. Savage, B. Wagner, Y. Zhang, B. Jacobs, H. Menkara, C. Summers, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties GdF3:Tb glass-ceramic scintillator,” J. Lumin. 147, 363–366 (2014).
[PubMed]

Jarý, V.

Ji, Z.

D. Chen, Z. Wan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, H. Yu, H. Lu, Z. Ji, and P. Huang, “Lanthanide-activated Na5Gd9F32 nanocrystals precipitated from a borosilicate glass: Phase-separation-controlled crystallization and optical property,” J. Alloys Compd. 625, 149–157 (2015).

Jin, P.

Kang, Z.

G. Lee, C. Struebing, B. Wagner, C. Summers, Y. Ding, A. Bryant, N. Thadhani, D. Shedlock, J. Star-Lack, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and characterization of a BaGdF5:Tb glass ceramic as a nanocomposite scintillator for x-ray imaging,” Nanotechnology 27(20), 205203 (2016).
[PubMed]

C. Struebing, G. Lee, B. Wagner, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of Tb doped LaBGeO5 and GdBGeO5 glass scintillators,” J. Alloys Compd. 686, 9–14 (2016).
[PubMed]

G. Lee, N. Savage, B. Wagner, Y. Zhang, B. Jacobs, H. Menkara, C. Summers, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties GdF3:Tb glass-ceramic scintillator,” J. Lumin. 147, 363–366 (2014).
[PubMed]

Kang, Z. T.

C. Struebing, J. Chong, G. Lee, M. Zavala, A. Erickson, Y. Ding, C. L. Wang, Y. Diawara, R. Engels, B. Wagner, and Z. T. Kang, “A neutron scintillator based on transparent nanocrystalline CaF2:Eu glass ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(15), 153106 (2016).

Kenarangui, R.

Kobayashi, M.

J. Fu, M. Kobayashi, S. Sugimoto, and J. M. Parker, “Scintillation from Eu2+ in nanocrystallized glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(9), 2119–2121 (2009).

Kraus, T.

P. Buechele, M. Richter, S. F. Tedde, G. J. Matt, G. N. Ankah, R. Fischer, M. Biele, W. Metzger, S. Lilliu, O. Bikondoa, J. E. Macdonald, C. J. Brabec, T. Kraus, U. Lemmer, and O. Schmidt, “X-ray imaging with scintillator-sensitized hybrid organic photodetectors,” Nat. Photonics 9(12), 843–848 (2015).

Lavin, V.

Lecoq, P.

Lee, G.

G. Lee, C. Struebing, B. Wagner, C. Summers, Y. Ding, A. Bryant, N. Thadhani, D. Shedlock, J. Star-Lack, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and characterization of a BaGdF5:Tb glass ceramic as a nanocomposite scintillator for x-ray imaging,” Nanotechnology 27(20), 205203 (2016).
[PubMed]

C. Struebing, J. Chong, G. Lee, M. Zavala, A. Erickson, Y. Ding, C. L. Wang, Y. Diawara, R. Engels, B. Wagner, and Z. T. Kang, “A neutron scintillator based on transparent nanocrystalline CaF2:Eu glass ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(15), 153106 (2016).

C. Struebing, G. Lee, B. Wagner, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of Tb doped LaBGeO5 and GdBGeO5 glass scintillators,” J. Alloys Compd. 686, 9–14 (2016).
[PubMed]

G. Lee, N. Savage, B. Wagner, Y. Zhang, B. Jacobs, H. Menkara, C. Summers, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties GdF3:Tb glass-ceramic scintillator,” J. Lumin. 147, 363–366 (2014).
[PubMed]

Lemmer, U.

P. Buechele, M. Richter, S. F. Tedde, G. J. Matt, G. N. Ankah, R. Fischer, M. Biele, W. Metzger, S. Lilliu, O. Bikondoa, J. E. Macdonald, C. J. Brabec, T. Kraus, U. Lemmer, and O. Schmidt, “X-ray imaging with scintillator-sensitized hybrid organic photodetectors,” Nat. Photonics 9(12), 843–848 (2015).

Létant, S. E.

S. E. Létant and T. F. Wang, “Semiconductor quantum dot scintillation under γ-ray irradiation,” Nano Lett. 6(12), 2877–2880 (2006).
[PubMed]

Li, C.

S. Zhou, C. Li, G. Yang, G. Bi, B. Xu, Z. Hong, K. Miura, K. Hirao, and J. Qiu, “Self-limited nanocrystallization-mediated activation of semiconductor nanocrystal in an amorphous solid,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(43), 5436–5443 (2013).

Li, F.

Li, J.

Y. Wei, J. Li, J. Yang, X. Chi, and H. Guo, “Enhanced green upconversion in Tb3+-Yb3+ co-doped oxyfluoride glass ceramics containing LaF3 nanocrystals,” J. Lumin. 137(9), 70–72 (2013).

H. Guo, H. Zhang, J. Li, and F. Li, “Blue-white-green tunable luminescence from Ba2Gd2Si4O13:Ce3+,Tb3+ phosphors excited by ultraviolet light,” Opt. Express 18(26), 27257–27262 (2010).
[PubMed]

Li, X.

X. Li, S. Yuan, F. Hu, S. Lu, D. Chen, and M. Yin, “Near-infrared to short-wavelength upconversion temperature sensing in transparent bulk glass ceramics containing hexagonal NaGdF4:Yb3+/Ho3+ nanocrystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(8), 3023–3033 (2017).

X. Li, J. Cao, F. Hu, R. Wei, and H. Guo, “Transparent Na5Gd9F32:Er3+ glass-ceramics: enhanced up-conversion luminescence and applications in optical temperature sensors,” RSC Advances 7(56), 35147–35153 (2017).

J. Cao, X. Wang, X. Li, Y. Wei, L. Chen, and H. Guo, “Enhanced emissions in Tb3+-doped oxyfluoride scintillating glass ceramics containing KLu2F7 nano-crystals,” J. Lumin. 170, 207–211 (2016).

Li, Y. N.

X. Y. Sun, X. G. Yu, W. F. Wang, Y. N. Li, Z. J. Zhang, and J. T. Zhao, “Luminescent properties of Tb3+-activated B2O3-GeO2-Gd2O3 scintillating glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 379, 127–130 (2013).

Lilliu, S.

P. Buechele, M. Richter, S. F. Tedde, G. J. Matt, G. N. Ankah, R. Fischer, M. Biele, W. Metzger, S. Lilliu, O. Bikondoa, J. E. Macdonald, C. J. Brabec, T. Kraus, U. Lemmer, and O. Schmidt, “X-ray imaging with scintillator-sensitized hybrid organic photodetectors,” Nat. Photonics 9(12), 843–848 (2015).

Lin, H.

T. Hu, H. Lin, J. Xu, B. Wang, J. Wang, and Y. Wang, “Color-tunable persistent luminescence in oxyfluoride glass and glass ceramic containing Mn2+:alpha-Zn2SiO4 nanocrystals,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 5(6), 1479–1487 (2017).

Liu, S.

Lozano-Gorrin, A. D.

Lu, H.

D. Chen, Z. Wan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, H. Yu, H. Lu, Z. Ji, and P. Huang, “Lanthanide-activated Na5Gd9F32 nanocrystals precipitated from a borosilicate glass: Phase-separation-controlled crystallization and optical property,” J. Alloys Compd. 625, 149–157 (2015).

Lu, S.

Lu, W.

X. Xu, W. Zhang, D. Yang, W. Lu, J. Qiu, and S. F. Yu, “Phonon-assisted population inversion in lanthanide-doped upconversion Ba2LaF7 nanocrystals in glass-ceramics,” Adv. Mater. 28(36), 8045–8050 (2016).
[PubMed]

Luo, J.

Ma, L.

Macdonald, J. E.

P. Buechele, M. Richter, S. F. Tedde, G. J. Matt, G. N. Ankah, R. Fischer, M. Biele, W. Metzger, S. Lilliu, O. Bikondoa, J. E. Macdonald, C. J. Brabec, T. Kraus, U. Lemmer, and O. Schmidt, “X-ray imaging with scintillator-sensitized hybrid organic photodetectors,” Nat. Photonics 9(12), 843–848 (2015).

Mao, D.

Martin, I. R.

Martinez-Criado, G.

Matt, G. J.

P. Buechele, M. Richter, S. F. Tedde, G. J. Matt, G. N. Ankah, R. Fischer, M. Biele, W. Metzger, S. Lilliu, O. Bikondoa, J. E. Macdonald, C. J. Brabec, T. Kraus, U. Lemmer, and O. Schmidt, “X-ray imaging with scintillator-sensitized hybrid organic photodetectors,” Nat. Photonics 9(12), 843–848 (2015).

Menkara, H.

G. Lee, N. Savage, B. Wagner, Y. Zhang, B. Jacobs, H. Menkara, C. Summers, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties GdF3:Tb glass-ceramic scintillator,” J. Lumin. 147, 363–366 (2014).
[PubMed]

Metzger, W.

P. Buechele, M. Richter, S. F. Tedde, G. J. Matt, G. N. Ankah, R. Fischer, M. Biele, W. Metzger, S. Lilliu, O. Bikondoa, J. E. Macdonald, C. J. Brabec, T. Kraus, U. Lemmer, and O. Schmidt, “X-ray imaging with scintillator-sensitized hybrid organic photodetectors,” Nat. Photonics 9(12), 843–848 (2015).

Mihóková, E.

Miura, K.

S. Zhou, C. Li, G. Yang, G. Bi, B. Xu, Z. Hong, K. Miura, K. Hirao, and J. Qiu, “Self-limited nanocrystallization-mediated activation of semiconductor nanocrystal in an amorphous solid,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(43), 5436–5443 (2013).

Mutlugun, E.

Nikl, M.

Parker, J. M.

J. Fu, M. Kobayashi, S. Sugimoto, and J. M. Parker, “Scintillation from Eu2+ in nanocrystallized glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(9), 2119–2121 (2009).

Payne, S. A.

A. Burger, E. Rowe, M. Groza, K. M. Figueroa, N. J. Cherepy, P. R. Beck, S. Hunter, and S. A. Payne, “A high light yield, non-hygroscopic cubic crystal scintillator for gamma spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(14), 143505 (2015).

Peng, M.

G. Gao, J. Wei, Y. Shen, M. Peng, and L. Wondraczek, “Heavily Eu2O3-doped yttria-aluminoborate glasses for red photoconversion with a high quantum yield: luminescence quenching and statistics of cluster formation,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(41), 8678–8682 (2014).

Pjatkan, R.

Procházková, L.

Qiu, J.

X. Xu, W. Zhang, D. Yang, W. Lu, J. Qiu, and S. F. Yu, “Phonon-assisted population inversion in lanthanide-doped upconversion Ba2LaF7 nanocrystals in glass-ceramics,” Adv. Mater. 28(36), 8045–8050 (2016).
[PubMed]

S. Zhou, C. Li, G. Yang, G. Bi, B. Xu, Z. Hong, K. Miura, K. Hirao, and J. Qiu, “Self-limited nanocrystallization-mediated activation of semiconductor nanocrystal in an amorphous solid,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(43), 5436–5443 (2013).

Richter, M.

P. Buechele, M. Richter, S. F. Tedde, G. J. Matt, G. N. Ankah, R. Fischer, M. Biele, W. Metzger, S. Lilliu, O. Bikondoa, J. E. Macdonald, C. J. Brabec, T. Kraus, U. Lemmer, and O. Schmidt, “X-ray imaging with scintillator-sensitized hybrid organic photodetectors,” Nat. Photonics 9(12), 843–848 (2015).

Rowe, E.

A. Burger, E. Rowe, M. Groza, K. M. Figueroa, N. J. Cherepy, P. R. Beck, S. Hunter, and S. A. Payne, “A high light yield, non-hygroscopic cubic crystal scintillator for gamma spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(14), 143505 (2015).

Sahi, S.

Sans, J. A.

Savage, N.

G. Lee, N. Savage, B. Wagner, Y. Zhang, B. Jacobs, H. Menkara, C. Summers, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties GdF3:Tb glass-ceramic scintillator,” J. Lumin. 147, 363–366 (2014).
[PubMed]

Schmidt, M. A.

G. Gao, A. Winterstein-Beckmann, O. Surzhenko, C. Dubs, J. Dellith, M. A. Schmidt, and L. Wondraczek, “Faraday rotation and photoluminescence in heavily Tb3+-doped GeO2-B2O3-Al2O3-Ga2O3 glasses for fiber-integrated magneto-optics,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8942 (2015).
[PubMed]

Schmidt, O.

P. Buechele, M. Richter, S. F. Tedde, G. J. Matt, G. N. Ankah, R. Fischer, M. Biele, W. Metzger, S. Lilliu, O. Bikondoa, J. E. Macdonald, C. J. Brabec, T. Kraus, U. Lemmer, and O. Schmidt, “X-ray imaging with scintillator-sensitized hybrid organic photodetectors,” Nat. Photonics 9(12), 843–848 (2015).

Shannon, R. D.

R. D. Shannon, “Revised effective ionic radii and systematic studies of interatomic distances in halides and chalcogenides,” Acta Crystallogr. 32(1–2), 751–767 (1976).

Shedlock, D.

G. Lee, C. Struebing, B. Wagner, C. Summers, Y. Ding, A. Bryant, N. Thadhani, D. Shedlock, J. Star-Lack, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and characterization of a BaGdF5:Tb glass ceramic as a nanocomposite scintillator for x-ray imaging,” Nanotechnology 27(20), 205203 (2016).
[PubMed]

Shen, Y.

G. Gao, J. Wei, Y. Shen, M. Peng, and L. Wondraczek, “Heavily Eu2O3-doped yttria-aluminoborate glasses for red photoconversion with a high quantum yield: luminescence quenching and statistics of cluster formation,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(41), 8678–8682 (2014).

Soganci, I. M.

Star-Lack, J.

G. Lee, C. Struebing, B. Wagner, C. Summers, Y. Ding, A. Bryant, N. Thadhani, D. Shedlock, J. Star-Lack, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and characterization of a BaGdF5:Tb glass ceramic as a nanocomposite scintillator for x-ray imaging,” Nanotechnology 27(20), 205203 (2016).
[PubMed]

Struebing, C.

G. Lee, C. Struebing, B. Wagner, C. Summers, Y. Ding, A. Bryant, N. Thadhani, D. Shedlock, J. Star-Lack, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and characterization of a BaGdF5:Tb glass ceramic as a nanocomposite scintillator for x-ray imaging,” Nanotechnology 27(20), 205203 (2016).
[PubMed]

C. Struebing, G. Lee, B. Wagner, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of Tb doped LaBGeO5 and GdBGeO5 glass scintillators,” J. Alloys Compd. 686, 9–14 (2016).
[PubMed]

C. Struebing, J. Chong, G. Lee, M. Zavala, A. Erickson, Y. Ding, C. L. Wang, Y. Diawara, R. Engels, B. Wagner, and Z. T. Kang, “A neutron scintillator based on transparent nanocrystalline CaF2:Eu glass ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(15), 153106 (2016).

Sugimoto, S.

J. Fu, M. Kobayashi, S. Sugimoto, and J. M. Parker, “Scintillation from Eu2+ in nanocrystallized glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(9), 2119–2121 (2009).

Summers, C.

G. Lee, C. Struebing, B. Wagner, C. Summers, Y. Ding, A. Bryant, N. Thadhani, D. Shedlock, J. Star-Lack, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and characterization of a BaGdF5:Tb glass ceramic as a nanocomposite scintillator for x-ray imaging,” Nanotechnology 27(20), 205203 (2016).
[PubMed]

G. Lee, N. Savage, B. Wagner, Y. Zhang, B. Jacobs, H. Menkara, C. Summers, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties GdF3:Tb glass-ceramic scintillator,” J. Lumin. 147, 363–366 (2014).
[PubMed]

Sun, X.

J. Cao, W. Chen, L. Chen, X. Sun, and H. Guo, “Synthesis and characterization of BaLuF5:Tb3+ oxyfluoride glass ceramics as nanocomposite scintillator for X-ray imaging,” Ceram. Int. 42(15), 17834–17838 (2016).

J. Cao, L. Chen, W. Chen, D. Xu, X. Sun, and H. Guo, “Enhanced emissions in self-crystallized oxyfluoride scintillating glass ceramics containing KTb2F7 nanocrystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(7), 2201–2206 (2016).

Sun, X. Y.

X. Y. Sun, X. G. Yu, W. F. Wang, Y. N. Li, Z. J. Zhang, and J. T. Zhao, “Luminescent properties of Tb3+-activated B2O3-GeO2-Gd2O3 scintillating glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 379, 127–130 (2013).

Surzhenko, O.

G. Gao, A. Winterstein-Beckmann, O. Surzhenko, C. Dubs, J. Dellith, M. A. Schmidt, and L. Wondraczek, “Faraday rotation and photoluminescence in heavily Tb3+-doped GeO2-B2O3-Al2O3-Ga2O3 glasses for fiber-integrated magneto-optics,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8942 (2015).
[PubMed]

Tedde, S. F.

P. Buechele, M. Richter, S. F. Tedde, G. J. Matt, G. N. Ankah, R. Fischer, M. Biele, W. Metzger, S. Lilliu, O. Bikondoa, J. E. Macdonald, C. J. Brabec, T. Kraus, U. Lemmer, and O. Schmidt, “X-ray imaging with scintillator-sensitized hybrid organic photodetectors,” Nat. Photonics 9(12), 843–848 (2015).

Thadhani, N.

G. Lee, C. Struebing, B. Wagner, C. Summers, Y. Ding, A. Bryant, N. Thadhani, D. Shedlock, J. Star-Lack, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and characterization of a BaGdF5:Tb glass ceramic as a nanocomposite scintillator for x-ray imaging,” Nanotechnology 27(20), 205203 (2016).
[PubMed]

Tu, H.

Turtos, R. M.

Wagner, B.

G. Lee, C. Struebing, B. Wagner, C. Summers, Y. Ding, A. Bryant, N. Thadhani, D. Shedlock, J. Star-Lack, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and characterization of a BaGdF5:Tb glass ceramic as a nanocomposite scintillator for x-ray imaging,” Nanotechnology 27(20), 205203 (2016).
[PubMed]

C. Struebing, G. Lee, B. Wagner, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of Tb doped LaBGeO5 and GdBGeO5 glass scintillators,” J. Alloys Compd. 686, 9–14 (2016).
[PubMed]

C. Struebing, J. Chong, G. Lee, M. Zavala, A. Erickson, Y. Ding, C. L. Wang, Y. Diawara, R. Engels, B. Wagner, and Z. T. Kang, “A neutron scintillator based on transparent nanocrystalline CaF2:Eu glass ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(15), 153106 (2016).

G. Lee, N. Savage, B. Wagner, Y. Zhang, B. Jacobs, H. Menkara, C. Summers, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties GdF3:Tb glass-ceramic scintillator,” J. Lumin. 147, 363–366 (2014).
[PubMed]

Wan, Z.

D. Chen, Z. Wan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, H. Yu, H. Lu, Z. Ji, and P. Huang, “Lanthanide-activated Na5Gd9F32 nanocrystals precipitated from a borosilicate glass: Phase-separation-controlled crystallization and optical property,” J. Alloys Compd. 625, 149–157 (2015).

Wang, B.

T. Hu, H. Lin, J. Xu, B. Wang, J. Wang, and Y. Wang, “Color-tunable persistent luminescence in oxyfluoride glass and glass ceramic containing Mn2+:alpha-Zn2SiO4 nanocrystals,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 5(6), 1479–1487 (2017).

Wang, C. L.

C. Struebing, J. Chong, G. Lee, M. Zavala, A. Erickson, Y. Ding, C. L. Wang, Y. Diawara, R. Engels, B. Wagner, and Z. T. Kang, “A neutron scintillator based on transparent nanocrystalline CaF2:Eu glass ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(15), 153106 (2016).

Wang, J.

T. Hu, H. Lin, J. Xu, B. Wang, J. Wang, and Y. Wang, “Color-tunable persistent luminescence in oxyfluoride glass and glass ceramic containing Mn2+:alpha-Zn2SiO4 nanocrystals,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 5(6), 1479–1487 (2017).

Wang, T. F.

S. E. Létant and T. F. Wang, “Semiconductor quantum dot scintillation under γ-ray irradiation,” Nano Lett. 6(12), 2877–2880 (2006).
[PubMed]

Wang, W. F.

X. Y. Sun, X. G. Yu, W. F. Wang, Y. N. Li, Z. J. Zhang, and J. T. Zhao, “Luminescent properties of Tb3+-activated B2O3-GeO2-Gd2O3 scintillating glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 379, 127–130 (2013).

Wang, X.

J. Cao, X. Wang, X. Li, Y. Wei, L. Chen, and H. Guo, “Enhanced emissions in Tb3+-doped oxyfluoride scintillating glass ceramics containing KLu2F7 nano-crystals,” J. Lumin. 170, 207–211 (2016).

Wang, Y.

T. Hu, H. Lin, J. Xu, B. Wang, J. Wang, and Y. Wang, “Color-tunable persistent luminescence in oxyfluoride glass and glass ceramic containing Mn2+:alpha-Zn2SiO4 nanocrystals,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 5(6), 1479–1487 (2017).

Wei, J.

G. Gao, J. Wei, Y. Shen, M. Peng, and L. Wondraczek, “Heavily Eu2O3-doped yttria-aluminoborate glasses for red photoconversion with a high quantum yield: luminescence quenching and statistics of cluster formation,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(41), 8678–8682 (2014).

Wei, R.

X. Li, J. Cao, F. Hu, R. Wei, and H. Guo, “Transparent Na5Gd9F32:Er3+ glass-ceramics: enhanced up-conversion luminescence and applications in optical temperature sensors,” RSC Advances 7(56), 35147–35153 (2017).

W. Chen, F. Hu, R. Wei, Q. Zeng, L. Chen, and H. Guo, “Optical thermometry based on up-conversion luminescence of Tm3+ doped transparent Sr2YF7 glass ceramics,” J. Lumin. 192, 303–309 (2017).

Wei, Y.

J. Cao, X. Wang, X. Li, Y. Wei, L. Chen, and H. Guo, “Enhanced emissions in Tb3+-doped oxyfluoride scintillating glass ceramics containing KLu2F7 nano-crystals,” J. Lumin. 170, 207–211 (2016).

Y. Wei, J. Li, J. Yang, X. Chi, and H. Guo, “Enhanced green upconversion in Tb3+-Yb3+ co-doped oxyfluoride glass ceramics containing LaF3 nanocrystals,” J. Lumin. 137(9), 70–72 (2013).

Weiss, A.

Winterstein-Beckmann, A.

G. Gao, A. Winterstein-Beckmann, O. Surzhenko, C. Dubs, J. Dellith, M. A. Schmidt, and L. Wondraczek, “Faraday rotation and photoluminescence in heavily Tb3+-doped GeO2-B2O3-Al2O3-Ga2O3 glasses for fiber-integrated magneto-optics,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8942 (2015).
[PubMed]

Wondraczek, L.

G. Gao, A. Winterstein-Beckmann, O. Surzhenko, C. Dubs, J. Dellith, M. A. Schmidt, and L. Wondraczek, “Faraday rotation and photoluminescence in heavily Tb3+-doped GeO2-B2O3-Al2O3-Ga2O3 glasses for fiber-integrated magneto-optics,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8942 (2015).
[PubMed]

G. Gao and L. Wondraczek, “Heavily Eu3+-doped boroaluminosilicate glasses for UV/blue-to-red photoconversion with high quantum yield,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(4), 691–695 (2014).

G. Gao, J. Wei, Y. Shen, M. Peng, and L. Wondraczek, “Heavily Eu2O3-doped yttria-aluminoborate glasses for red photoconversion with a high quantum yield: luminescence quenching and statistics of cluster formation,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(41), 8678–8682 (2014).

Xu, B.

S. Zhou, C. Li, G. Yang, G. Bi, B. Xu, Z. Hong, K. Miura, K. Hirao, and J. Qiu, “Self-limited nanocrystallization-mediated activation of semiconductor nanocrystal in an amorphous solid,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(43), 5436–5443 (2013).

Xu, D.

J. Cao, W. Chen, D. Xu, F. Hu, L. Chen, and H. Guo, “Wide-range thermometry based on green up-conversion of Yb3+/Er3+ co-doped KLu2F7 transparent bulk oxyfluoride glass ceramics,” J. Lumin. 194, 219–224 (2018).

J. Cao, L. Chen, W. Chen, D. Xu, X. Sun, and H. Guo, “Enhanced emissions in self-crystallized oxyfluoride scintillating glass ceramics containing KTb2F7 nanocrystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(7), 2201–2206 (2016).

Xu, J.

T. Hu, H. Lin, J. Xu, B. Wang, J. Wang, and Y. Wang, “Color-tunable persistent luminescence in oxyfluoride glass and glass ceramic containing Mn2+:alpha-Zn2SiO4 nanocrystals,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 5(6), 1479–1487 (2017).

Xu, X.

X. Xu, W. Zhang, D. Yang, W. Lu, J. Qiu, and S. F. Yu, “Phonon-assisted population inversion in lanthanide-doped upconversion Ba2LaF7 nanocrystals in glass-ceramics,” Adv. Mater. 28(36), 8045–8050 (2016).
[PubMed]

Yang, D.

X. Xu, W. Zhang, D. Yang, W. Lu, J. Qiu, and S. F. Yu, “Phonon-assisted population inversion in lanthanide-doped upconversion Ba2LaF7 nanocrystals in glass-ceramics,” Adv. Mater. 28(36), 8045–8050 (2016).
[PubMed]

Yang, G.

S. Zhou, C. Li, G. Yang, G. Bi, B. Xu, Z. Hong, K. Miura, K. Hirao, and J. Qiu, “Self-limited nanocrystallization-mediated activation of semiconductor nanocrystal in an amorphous solid,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(43), 5436–5443 (2013).

Yang, J.

Y. Wei, J. Li, J. Yang, X. Chi, and H. Guo, “Enhanced green upconversion in Tb3+-Yb3+ co-doped oxyfluoride glass ceramics containing LaF3 nanocrystals,” J. Lumin. 137(9), 70–72 (2013).

Yin, M.

Yu, H.

D. Chen, Z. Wan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, H. Yu, H. Lu, Z. Ji, and P. Huang, “Lanthanide-activated Na5Gd9F32 nanocrystals precipitated from a borosilicate glass: Phase-separation-controlled crystallization and optical property,” J. Alloys Compd. 625, 149–157 (2015).

Yu, S. F.

X. Xu, W. Zhang, D. Yang, W. Lu, J. Qiu, and S. F. Yu, “Phonon-assisted population inversion in lanthanide-doped upconversion Ba2LaF7 nanocrystals in glass-ceramics,” Adv. Mater. 28(36), 8045–8050 (2016).
[PubMed]

Yu, X. G.

X. Y. Sun, X. G. Yu, W. F. Wang, Y. N. Li, Z. J. Zhang, and J. T. Zhao, “Luminescent properties of Tb3+-activated B2O3-GeO2-Gd2O3 scintillating glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 379, 127–130 (2013).

Yuan, S.

Zavala, M.

C. Struebing, J. Chong, G. Lee, M. Zavala, A. Erickson, Y. Ding, C. L. Wang, Y. Diawara, R. Engels, B. Wagner, and Z. T. Kang, “A neutron scintillator based on transparent nanocrystalline CaF2:Eu glass ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(15), 153106 (2016).

Zeng, Q.

W. Chen, F. Hu, R. Wei, Q. Zeng, L. Chen, and H. Guo, “Optical thermometry based on up-conversion luminescence of Tm3+ doped transparent Sr2YF7 glass ceramics,” J. Lumin. 192, 303–309 (2017).

Zhang, H.

Zhang, W.

X. Xu, W. Zhang, D. Yang, W. Lu, J. Qiu, and S. F. Yu, “Phonon-assisted population inversion in lanthanide-doped upconversion Ba2LaF7 nanocrystals in glass-ceramics,” Adv. Mater. 28(36), 8045–8050 (2016).
[PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

G. Lee, N. Savage, B. Wagner, Y. Zhang, B. Jacobs, H. Menkara, C. Summers, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties GdF3:Tb glass-ceramic scintillator,” J. Lumin. 147, 363–366 (2014).
[PubMed]

Zhang, Z. J.

X. Y. Sun, X. G. Yu, W. F. Wang, Y. N. Li, Z. J. Zhang, and J. T. Zhao, “Luminescent properties of Tb3+-activated B2O3-GeO2-Gd2O3 scintillating glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 379, 127–130 (2013).

Zhao, J. T.

X. Y. Sun, X. G. Yu, W. F. Wang, Y. N. Li, Z. J. Zhang, and J. T. Zhao, “Luminescent properties of Tb3+-activated B2O3-GeO2-Gd2O3 scintillating glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 379, 127–130 (2013).

Zhou, S.

S. Zhou, C. Li, G. Yang, G. Bi, B. Xu, Z. Hong, K. Miura, K. Hirao, and J. Qiu, “Self-limited nanocrystallization-mediated activation of semiconductor nanocrystal in an amorphous solid,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(43), 5436–5443 (2013).

Zhou, Y.

D. Chen, Z. Wan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, H. Yu, H. Lu, Z. Ji, and P. Huang, “Lanthanide-activated Na5Gd9F32 nanocrystals precipitated from a borosilicate glass: Phase-separation-controlled crystallization and optical property,” J. Alloys Compd. 625, 149–157 (2015).

Acta Crystallogr. (1)

R. D. Shannon, “Revised effective ionic radii and systematic studies of interatomic distances in halides and chalcogenides,” Acta Crystallogr. 32(1–2), 751–767 (1976).

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

S. Zhou, C. Li, G. Yang, G. Bi, B. Xu, Z. Hong, K. Miura, K. Hirao, and J. Qiu, “Self-limited nanocrystallization-mediated activation of semiconductor nanocrystal in an amorphous solid,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(43), 5436–5443 (2013).

Adv. Mater. (1)

X. Xu, W. Zhang, D. Yang, W. Lu, J. Qiu, and S. F. Yu, “Phonon-assisted population inversion in lanthanide-doped upconversion Ba2LaF7 nanocrystals in glass-ceramics,” Adv. Mater. 28(36), 8045–8050 (2016).
[PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

C. Struebing, J. Chong, G. Lee, M. Zavala, A. Erickson, Y. Ding, C. L. Wang, Y. Diawara, R. Engels, B. Wagner, and Z. T. Kang, “A neutron scintillator based on transparent nanocrystalline CaF2:Eu glass ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(15), 153106 (2016).

A. Burger, E. Rowe, M. Groza, K. M. Figueroa, N. J. Cherepy, P. R. Beck, S. Hunter, and S. A. Payne, “A high light yield, non-hygroscopic cubic crystal scintillator for gamma spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(14), 143505 (2015).

Ceram. Int. (1)

J. Cao, W. Chen, L. Chen, X. Sun, and H. Guo, “Synthesis and characterization of BaLuF5:Tb3+ oxyfluoride glass ceramics as nanocomposite scintillator for X-ray imaging,” Ceram. Int. 42(15), 17834–17838 (2016).

J. Alloys Compd. (2)

C. Struebing, G. Lee, B. Wagner, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of Tb doped LaBGeO5 and GdBGeO5 glass scintillators,” J. Alloys Compd. 686, 9–14 (2016).
[PubMed]

D. Chen, Z. Wan, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, H. Yu, H. Lu, Z. Ji, and P. Huang, “Lanthanide-activated Na5Gd9F32 nanocrystals precipitated from a borosilicate glass: Phase-separation-controlled crystallization and optical property,” J. Alloys Compd. 625, 149–157 (2015).

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

J. Fu, M. Kobayashi, S. Sugimoto, and J. M. Parker, “Scintillation from Eu2+ in nanocrystallized glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(9), 2119–2121 (2009).

J. Lumin. (6)

W. Chen, F. Hu, R. Wei, Q. Zeng, L. Chen, and H. Guo, “Optical thermometry based on up-conversion luminescence of Tm3+ doped transparent Sr2YF7 glass ceramics,” J. Lumin. 192, 303–309 (2017).

J. Cao, W. Chen, D. Xu, F. Hu, L. Chen, and H. Guo, “Wide-range thermometry based on green up-conversion of Yb3+/Er3+ co-doped KLu2F7 transparent bulk oxyfluoride glass ceramics,” J. Lumin. 194, 219–224 (2018).

J. Cao, X. Wang, X. Li, Y. Wei, L. Chen, and H. Guo, “Enhanced emissions in Tb3+-doped oxyfluoride scintillating glass ceramics containing KLu2F7 nano-crystals,” J. Lumin. 170, 207–211 (2016).

S. Huang, Q. Gao, and M. Gu, “Enhanced luminescence in transparent glass ceramics containing BaYF5:Ce3+ nanocrystals,” J. Lumin. 132(3), 750–754 (2012).

G. Lee, N. Savage, B. Wagner, Y. Zhang, B. Jacobs, H. Menkara, C. Summers, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties GdF3:Tb glass-ceramic scintillator,” J. Lumin. 147, 363–366 (2014).
[PubMed]

Y. Wei, J. Li, J. Yang, X. Chi, and H. Guo, “Enhanced green upconversion in Tb3+-Yb3+ co-doped oxyfluoride glass ceramics containing LaF3 nanocrystals,” J. Lumin. 137(9), 70–72 (2013).

J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices (3)

T. Hu, H. Lin, J. Xu, B. Wang, J. Wang, and Y. Wang, “Color-tunable persistent luminescence in oxyfluoride glass and glass ceramic containing Mn2+:alpha-Zn2SiO4 nanocrystals,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 5(6), 1479–1487 (2017).

G. Gao and L. Wondraczek, “Heavily Eu3+-doped boroaluminosilicate glasses for UV/blue-to-red photoconversion with high quantum yield,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(4), 691–695 (2014).

G. Gao, J. Wei, Y. Shen, M. Peng, and L. Wondraczek, “Heavily Eu2O3-doped yttria-aluminoborate glasses for red photoconversion with a high quantum yield: luminescence quenching and statistics of cluster formation,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(41), 8678–8682 (2014).

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (2)

S. Huang and M. Gu, “Enhanced luminescent properties of Tb3+ ions in transparent glass ceramics containing BaGdF5 nanocrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 358(1), 77–80 (2012).

X. Y. Sun, X. G. Yu, W. F. Wang, Y. N. Li, Z. J. Zhang, and J. T. Zhao, “Luminescent properties of Tb3+-activated B2O3-GeO2-Gd2O3 scintillating glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 379, 127–130 (2013).

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

M. Nikl, “Scintillation detectors for x-rays,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 37–54 (2006).

Nano Lett. (1)

S. E. Létant and T. F. Wang, “Semiconductor quantum dot scintillation under γ-ray irradiation,” Nano Lett. 6(12), 2877–2880 (2006).
[PubMed]

Nanotechnology (1)

G. Lee, C. Struebing, B. Wagner, C. Summers, Y. Ding, A. Bryant, N. Thadhani, D. Shedlock, J. Star-Lack, and Z. Kang, “Synthesis and characterization of a BaGdF5:Tb glass ceramic as a nanocomposite scintillator for x-ray imaging,” Nanotechnology 27(20), 205203 (2016).
[PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

P. Buechele, M. Richter, S. F. Tedde, G. J. Matt, G. N. Ankah, R. Fischer, M. Biele, W. Metzger, S. Lilliu, O. Bikondoa, J. E. Macdonald, C. J. Brabec, T. Kraus, U. Lemmer, and O. Schmidt, “X-ray imaging with scintillator-sensitized hybrid organic photodetectors,” Nat. Photonics 9(12), 843–848 (2015).

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. Express (3)

RSC Advances (1)

X. Li, J. Cao, F. Hu, R. Wei, and H. Guo, “Transparent Na5Gd9F32:Er3+ glass-ceramics: enhanced up-conversion luminescence and applications in optical temperature sensors,” RSC Advances 7(56), 35147–35153 (2017).

Sci. Rep. (1)

G. Gao, A. Winterstein-Beckmann, O. Surzhenko, C. Dubs, J. Dellith, M. A. Schmidt, and L. Wondraczek, “Faraday rotation and photoluminescence in heavily Tb3+-doped GeO2-B2O3-Al2O3-Ga2O3 glasses for fiber-integrated magneto-optics,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8942 (2015).
[PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) XRD patterns of PG4 and GCx (x = 2, 3, 4, 5) samples, the reference data of JCPDS card No. 27-0698 for cubic Na5Gd9F32. (b) Transmittance spectra (uncorrected for the reflection losses) of PG4 and GCx samples, inset is the photographs of PG4 and GC4 samples in daylight. (c) TEM image, (d) SAED patterns and (e) HRTEM image of GC4 sample.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Excitation spectra (λem = 542 nm) and (b) PL emission spectra (λex = 377 nm) of GCx. (c) PL emission spectra (λex = 377 nm) of PGx. (d) PL emission spectra (λex = 377 nm) of PG4 and GC4, Inset: digital photos of PG4 and GC4 samples excited under a 365 nm UV lamp.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Decay curves for 5D47F5 (542 nm) transition of Tb3+ in (a) PGx and (b) GCx samples (λex = 377 nm).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) XEL spectra of GCx samples, inset shows the dependence of PL and XEL intensities on Tb3+ concentration of GCx samples. (b) XEL spectra of PG4, GC4 and commercial BGO crystal.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Crystalline Size, Transmittance, Lifetime, QY, a and XEL Intensity of Samples.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

D=kλ/βcosθ
τ ¯ = tI(t) / I(t) dt
η= L sample E reference E sample
a= E reference E sample E reference

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