Abstract

Biomaterials based on deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) have shown notable potential in optoelectronic and photonic devices. In order to further investigate the optical properties of a DNA-based lipid complex such as DNA-cetyltrimethylammonium (CTMA), which is widely used in current DNA thin film research, a new refinement process was developed to minimize the relative bound water content and control binding of CTMA onto the DNA backbone. The water contents and CTMA binding in the DNA-CTMA precipitates were identified by spectrometric measurements to quantify effects of our refinement process. Dissolving these refined DNA-CTMAs in organic solvents, thin solid films were deposited on Si and quartz substrate using the spin coating process. Their refractive indices and absorbance were measured to quantitatively assess the impact of our refinement process on the optical properties of the DNA-CTMA films. In addition, thermo-optic coefficients, dn/dT, were also measured in a temperature range from 30 to 100°C to observe differences among refined DNA-CTMAs. Detailed quantitative spectroscopic analyses and optical measurements are reported.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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2017 (6)

M. S. P. Reddy, P. T. Puneetha, Y. W. Lee, S. H. Jeong, and C. Park, “Effect of illumination and frequency dependent series resistance and interface state densities on the electrical properties of DNA-CTMA/p-GaN bio-hybrid Schottky photodiode,” Polym. Test. 59, 107–112 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ram Kumar Pandian, C.-J. Yuan, C.-C. Lin, W.-H. Wang, and C.-C. Chang, “DNA-based nanowires and nanodevices,” Advances in Physics: X 2(1), 22–34 (2017).

S. Udayan, V. K. Ramachandran, M. Sebastian, P. Chandran, V. P. N. Nampoori, and S. Thomas, “Effect of DNA-CTMA complex on optical properties of LDS 821 dye,” Opt. Mater. 69, 49–53 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Khazaeinezhad, S. Hosseinzadeh Kassani, B. Paulson, H. Jeong, J. Gwak, F. Rotermund, D.-I. Yeom, and K. Oh, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of thin-solid DNA film and their application as a saturable absorber in femtosecond mode-locked fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 7, 41480 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Laage, T. Elsaesser, and J. T. Hynes, “Water dynamics in the hydration shells of biomolecules,” Chem. Rev. 117(16), 10694–10725 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Hong, W. Jung, T. Nazari, S. Song, T. Kim, C. Quan, and K. Oh, “Thermo-optic characteristic of DNA thin solid film and its application as a biocompatible optical fiber temperature sensor,” Opt. Lett. 42(10), 1943–1945 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (2)

M. R. Kesama, S. R. Dugasani, S. Yoo, P. Chopade, B. Gnapareddy, and S. H. Park, “Morphological and optoelectronic characteristics of double and triple lanthanide ion-doped DNA thin films,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(22), 14109–14117 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. R. Wood, “The importance of hydration and DNA conformation in interpreting infrared spectra of cells and tissues,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 45(7), 1980–1998 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (1)

B. Park, B. J. Lee, S. R. Dugasani, Y. Cho, C. Kim, M. Seo, T. Lee, Y.-M. Jhon, J. Choi, S. Lee, S. H. Park, S. C. Jun, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, and J. H. Kim, “Enhanced nonlinear optical characteristics of copper-ion-doped double crossover DNAs,” Nanoscale 7(43), 18089–18095 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (4)

J. Lee, J. H. Park, Y. T. Lee, P. J. Jeon, H. S. Lee, S. H. Nam, Y. Yi, Y. Lee, and S. Im, “DNA-Base Guanine as Hydrogen Getter and Charge-Trapping Layer Embedded in Oxide Dielectrics for Inorganic and Organic Field-Effect Transistors,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(7), 4965–4973 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Li, G. Chen, H. Zhang, and C. Sheng, “Development of non-isothermal TGA–DSC for kinetics analysis of low temperature coal oxidation prior to ignition,” Fuel 118, 385–391 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Nizioł, “Thermal treatment effects imposed on solid DNA cationic lipid complex with hexadecyltrimethylammonium chloride, observed by variable angle spectroscopic ellipsometry,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(23), 234701 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Long, W. Zou, X. Li, W. Jiang, X. Li, and J. Chen, “Tracing photon transmission in dye-doped DNA-CTMA optical nanofibers,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6249–6256 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

J. Nizioł, M. Dendzik, M. Sitarz, E. Hebda, J. Pielichowski, J. Łojewska, A. Rogulska, and M. Bakasse, “Thermal annealing effect on physical properties of DNA–CTMA thin films,” Opt. Mater. 36(1), 36–41 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Lee, G. Y. W. Kwon, Y.H. Kim, and E.H. Choi, “Raman spectroscopic study of plasma-treated salmon DNA,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(2), 021911 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (5)

F. Ouchen, G. A. Sotzing, T. L. Miller, K. M. Singh, B. A. Telek, A. C. Lesko, R. Aga, E. M. Fehrman-Cory, P. P. Yaney, J. G. Grote, C. M. Bartsch, and E. M. Heckman, “Modified processing techniques of a DNA biopolymer for enhanced performance in photonics applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 153702 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Harańczyk, J. Kobierski, D. Zalitacz, P. Nowak, A. Romanowicz, M. Marzec, J. Niziol, E. Hebda, and J. Pielichowski, “Rehydration of CTMA Modified DNA Powders Observed by NMR,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 121(2), 485–490 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. C. Hung, T. Y. Lin, W. T. Hsu, Y. W. Chiu, Y. S. Wang, and L. Fruk, “Functional DNA biopolymers and nanocomposite for optoelectronic applications,” Opt. Mater. 34(7), 1208–1213 (2012).
[Crossref]

F.-Y. Zhang, Z.-Y. Wang, C.-E. Yan, and J. Zhou, “Fabrication and characteristics of low loss and single-mode channel waveguides based on DNA-HCTAC biopolymer material,” Optoelectron. Lett. 8(2), 97–100 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. L. S. Mello and B. C. Vidal, “Changes in the infrared microspectroscopic characteristics of DNA caused by cationic elements, different base richness and single-stranded form,” PLoS One 7(8), e43169 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

J. Niziol, M. Sniechowski, E. Hebda, M. Jancia, and J. Pielichowski, “Properties of DNA complexes with new cationic surfactants,” Journal of Characterization and Development of Novel Materials 3(2), 107 (2011).

E. M. Heckman, R. S. Aga, A. T. Rossbach, B. A. Telek, C. M. Bartsch, and J. G. Grote, “DNA biopolymer conductive cladding for polymer electro-optic waveguide modulators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(10), 54 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. C. Tsang, C.-Y. Wong, and E. Y. B. Pun, “Optical Amplification in Eu3+-Doped DNA-Based Biopolymer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(16), 1106–1108 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

J. Zhou, Z. Y. Wang, X. Yang, C. Y. Wong, and E. Y. Pun, “Fabrication of low-loss, single-mode-channel waveguide with DNA-CTMA biopolymer by multistep processing technology,” Opt. Lett. 35(10), 1512–1514 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Mysliwiec, L. Sznitko, A. Sobolewska, S. Bartkiewicz, and A. Miniewicz, “Lasing effect in a hybrid dye-doped biopolymer and photochromic polymer system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(14), 141106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ł. Szyc, M. Yang, E. T. Nibbering, and T. Elsaesser, “Ultrafast vibrational dynamics and local interactions of hydrated DNA,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(21), 3598–3610 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

U. R. Lee, J. E. Lee, M. J. Cho, K. H. Kim, Y. W. Kwon, I.-L. Jin, and D. H. Choi, “Photoluminescence behaviors of organic soluble DNA bearing carbazole and pyrene derivatives as side‐chain substituents and effect of the copolymer structure on the Förster energy transfer process,” J. Polym. Sci. A Polym. Chem. 47(20), 5416–5425 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Kwon, C. H. Lee, D. H. Choi, and J. I. Jin, “Materials science of DNA,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(10), 1353–1380 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

X. Liu, H. Diao, and N. Nishi, “Applied chemistry of natural DNA,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 37(12), 2745–2757 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Ogata and K. Yamaoka, “DNA–lipid hybrid films derived from chiral lipids,” Polym. J. 40(3), 186–191 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

P. Stadler, K. Oppelt, T. B. Singh, J. G. Grote, R. Schwödiauer, S. Bauer, H. Piglmayer-Brezina, D. Bäuerle, and N. S. Sariciftci, “Organic field-effect transistors and memory elements using deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) gate dielectric,” Org. Electron. 8(6), 648–654 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. J. Steckl, “DNA–a new material for photonics?” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 3–5 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Samoc, A. Miniewicz, M. Samoc, and J. G. Grote, “Refractive‐index anisotropy and optical dispersion in films of deoxyribonucleic acid,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 105(1), 236–245 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

Z. Zhang, P. Zhao, P. Lin, and F. Sun, “Thermo-optic coefficients of polymers for optical waveguide applications,” Polymer (Guildf.) 47(14), 4893–4896 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

E. M. Heckman, J. A. Hagen, P. P. Yaney, J. G. Grote, and F. K. Hopkins, “Processing techniques for deoxyribonucleic acid: Biopolymer for photonics applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(21), 211115 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. G. Grote, D. E. Diggs, R. L. Nelson, J. S. Zetts, F. K. Hopkins, N. Ogata, J. A. Hagen, E. Heckman, P. P. Yaney, M. O. Stone, and L. R. Dalton, “DNA photonics [deoxyribonucleic acid],” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 426(1), 3–17 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

C. Leal, L. Wadsö, G. Olofsson, M. Miguel, and H. Wennerström, “The Hydration of a DNA− Amphiphile Complex,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(9), 3044–3050 (2004).
[Crossref]

C. Leal, D. Topgaard, R. W. Martin, and H. Wennerström, “NMR Studies of Molecular Mobility in a DNA− Amphiphile Complex,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(39), 15392–15397 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

H. Ma, A. K.-Y. Jen, and L. R. Dalton, “Polymer‐based optical waveguides: materials, processing, and devices,” Adv. Mater. 14(19), 1339–1365 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

L. Wang, J. Yoshida, N. Ogata, S. Sasaki, and T. Kajiyama, “Self-assembled supramolecular films derived from marine deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)− cationic surfactant complexes: large-scale preparation and optical and thermal properties,” Chem. Mater. 13(4), 1273–1281 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

A. Groisman and V. Steinberg, “Elastic turbulence in a polymer solution flow,” Nature 405(6782), 53–55 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

S. Bandyopadhyay, M. Tarek, and M. L. Klein, “Molecular dynamics study of a lipid− DNA complex,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(46), 10075–10080 (1999).
[Crossref]

R. Zantl, L. Baicu, F. Artzner, I. Sprenger, G. Rapp, and J. O. Rädler, “Thermotropic phase behavior of cationic lipid− DNA complexes compared to binary lipid mixtures,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(46), 10300–10310 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

C. H. Spink and J. B. Chaires, “Thermodynamics of the binding of a cationic lipid to DNA,” JACS 119(45), 10920–10928 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

D. L. Reimer, Y. Zhang, S. Kong, J. J. Wheeler, R. W. Graham, and M. B. Bally, “Formation of novel hydrophobic complexes between cationic lipids and plasmid DNA,” Biochemistry 34(39), 12877–12883 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1970 (1)

M. Tsuboi, “Application of infrared spectroscopy to structure studies of nucleic acids,” Appl. Spectrosc. Rev. 3(1), 45–90 (1970).
[Crossref]

Aga, R.

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M. S. P. Reddy, P. T. Puneetha, Y. W. Lee, S. H. Jeong, and C. Park, “Effect of illumination and frequency dependent series resistance and interface state densities on the electrical properties of DNA-CTMA/p-GaN bio-hybrid Schottky photodiode,” Polym. Test. 59, 107–112 (2017).
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Park, J. H.

J. Lee, J. H. Park, Y. T. Lee, P. J. Jeon, H. S. Lee, S. H. Nam, Y. Yi, Y. Lee, and S. Im, “DNA-Base Guanine as Hydrogen Getter and Charge-Trapping Layer Embedded in Oxide Dielectrics for Inorganic and Organic Field-Effect Transistors,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(7), 4965–4973 (2014).
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H. Harańczyk, J. Kobierski, D. Zalitacz, P. Nowak, A. Romanowicz, M. Marzec, J. Niziol, E. Hebda, and J. Pielichowski, “Rehydration of CTMA Modified DNA Powders Observed by NMR,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 121(2), 485–490 (2012).
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P. Stadler, K. Oppelt, T. B. Singh, J. G. Grote, R. Schwödiauer, S. Bauer, H. Piglmayer-Brezina, D. Bäuerle, and N. S. Sariciftci, “Organic field-effect transistors and memory elements using deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) gate dielectric,” Org. Electron. 8(6), 648–654 (2007).
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Ramachandran, V. K.

S. Udayan, V. K. Ramachandran, M. Sebastian, P. Chandran, V. P. N. Nampoori, and S. Thomas, “Effect of DNA-CTMA complex on optical properties of LDS 821 dye,” Opt. Mater. 69, 49–53 (2017).
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[Crossref]

Romanowicz, A.

H. Harańczyk, J. Kobierski, D. Zalitacz, P. Nowak, A. Romanowicz, M. Marzec, J. Niziol, E. Hebda, and J. Pielichowski, “Rehydration of CTMA Modified DNA Powders Observed by NMR,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 121(2), 485–490 (2012).
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[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Samoc, A.

A. Samoc, A. Miniewicz, M. Samoc, and J. G. Grote, “Refractive‐index anisotropy and optical dispersion in films of deoxyribonucleic acid,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 105(1), 236–245 (2007).
[Crossref]

Samoc, M.

A. Samoc, A. Miniewicz, M. Samoc, and J. G. Grote, “Refractive‐index anisotropy and optical dispersion in films of deoxyribonucleic acid,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 105(1), 236–245 (2007).
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Sariciftci, N. S.

P. Stadler, K. Oppelt, T. B. Singh, J. G. Grote, R. Schwödiauer, S. Bauer, H. Piglmayer-Brezina, D. Bäuerle, and N. S. Sariciftci, “Organic field-effect transistors and memory elements using deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) gate dielectric,” Org. Electron. 8(6), 648–654 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sasaki, S.

L. Wang, J. Yoshida, N. Ogata, S. Sasaki, and T. Kajiyama, “Self-assembled supramolecular films derived from marine deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)− cationic surfactant complexes: large-scale preparation and optical and thermal properties,” Chem. Mater. 13(4), 1273–1281 (2001).
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Schwödiauer, R.

P. Stadler, K. Oppelt, T. B. Singh, J. G. Grote, R. Schwödiauer, S. Bauer, H. Piglmayer-Brezina, D. Bäuerle, and N. S. Sariciftci, “Organic field-effect transistors and memory elements using deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) gate dielectric,” Org. Electron. 8(6), 648–654 (2007).
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Sebastian, M.

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[Crossref]

Seo, M.

B. Park, B. J. Lee, S. R. Dugasani, Y. Cho, C. Kim, M. Seo, T. Lee, Y.-M. Jhon, J. Choi, S. Lee, S. H. Park, S. C. Jun, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, and J. H. Kim, “Enhanced nonlinear optical characteristics of copper-ion-doped double crossover DNAs,” Nanoscale 7(43), 18089–18095 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sheng, C.

B. Li, G. Chen, H. Zhang, and C. Sheng, “Development of non-isothermal TGA–DSC for kinetics analysis of low temperature coal oxidation prior to ignition,” Fuel 118, 385–391 (2014).
[Crossref]

Singh, K. M.

F. Ouchen, G. A. Sotzing, T. L. Miller, K. M. Singh, B. A. Telek, A. C. Lesko, R. Aga, E. M. Fehrman-Cory, P. P. Yaney, J. G. Grote, C. M. Bartsch, and E. M. Heckman, “Modified processing techniques of a DNA biopolymer for enhanced performance in photonics applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 153702 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Singh, T. B.

P. Stadler, K. Oppelt, T. B. Singh, J. G. Grote, R. Schwödiauer, S. Bauer, H. Piglmayer-Brezina, D. Bäuerle, and N. S. Sariciftci, “Organic field-effect transistors and memory elements using deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) gate dielectric,” Org. Electron. 8(6), 648–654 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sitarz, M.

J. Nizioł, M. Dendzik, M. Sitarz, E. Hebda, J. Pielichowski, J. Łojewska, A. Rogulska, and M. Bakasse, “Thermal annealing effect on physical properties of DNA–CTMA thin films,” Opt. Mater. 36(1), 36–41 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sniechowski, M.

J. Niziol, M. Sniechowski, E. Hebda, M. Jancia, and J. Pielichowski, “Properties of DNA complexes with new cationic surfactants,” Journal of Characterization and Development of Novel Materials 3(2), 107 (2011).

Sobolewska, A.

J. Mysliwiec, L. Sznitko, A. Sobolewska, S. Bartkiewicz, and A. Miniewicz, “Lasing effect in a hybrid dye-doped biopolymer and photochromic polymer system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(14), 141106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Song, S.

Sotzing, G. A.

F. Ouchen, G. A. Sotzing, T. L. Miller, K. M. Singh, B. A. Telek, A. C. Lesko, R. Aga, E. M. Fehrman-Cory, P. P. Yaney, J. G. Grote, C. M. Bartsch, and E. M. Heckman, “Modified processing techniques of a DNA biopolymer for enhanced performance in photonics applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 153702 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Spink, C. H.

C. H. Spink and J. B. Chaires, “Thermodynamics of the binding of a cationic lipid to DNA,” JACS 119(45), 10920–10928 (1997).
[Crossref]

Sprenger, I.

R. Zantl, L. Baicu, F. Artzner, I. Sprenger, G. Rapp, and J. O. Rädler, “Thermotropic phase behavior of cationic lipid− DNA complexes compared to binary lipid mixtures,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(46), 10300–10310 (1999).
[Crossref]

Stadler, P.

P. Stadler, K. Oppelt, T. B. Singh, J. G. Grote, R. Schwödiauer, S. Bauer, H. Piglmayer-Brezina, D. Bäuerle, and N. S. Sariciftci, “Organic field-effect transistors and memory elements using deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) gate dielectric,” Org. Electron. 8(6), 648–654 (2007).
[Crossref]

Steckl, A. J.

A. J. Steckl, “DNA–a new material for photonics?” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 3–5 (2007).
[Crossref]

Steinberg, V.

A. Groisman and V. Steinberg, “Elastic turbulence in a polymer solution flow,” Nature 405(6782), 53–55 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stone, M. O.

J. G. Grote, D. E. Diggs, R. L. Nelson, J. S. Zetts, F. K. Hopkins, N. Ogata, J. A. Hagen, E. Heckman, P. P. Yaney, M. O. Stone, and L. R. Dalton, “DNA photonics [deoxyribonucleic acid],” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 426(1), 3–17 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sun, F.

Z. Zhang, P. Zhao, P. Lin, and F. Sun, “Thermo-optic coefficients of polymers for optical waveguide applications,” Polymer (Guildf.) 47(14), 4893–4896 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sznitko, L.

J. Mysliwiec, L. Sznitko, A. Sobolewska, S. Bartkiewicz, and A. Miniewicz, “Lasing effect in a hybrid dye-doped biopolymer and photochromic polymer system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(14), 141106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Szyc, L.

Ł. Szyc, M. Yang, E. T. Nibbering, and T. Elsaesser, “Ultrafast vibrational dynamics and local interactions of hydrated DNA,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(21), 3598–3610 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tarek, M.

S. Bandyopadhyay, M. Tarek, and M. L. Klein, “Molecular dynamics study of a lipid− DNA complex,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(46), 10075–10080 (1999).
[Crossref]

Telek, B. A.

F. Ouchen, G. A. Sotzing, T. L. Miller, K. M. Singh, B. A. Telek, A. C. Lesko, R. Aga, E. M. Fehrman-Cory, P. P. Yaney, J. G. Grote, C. M. Bartsch, and E. M. Heckman, “Modified processing techniques of a DNA biopolymer for enhanced performance in photonics applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 153702 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. M. Heckman, R. S. Aga, A. T. Rossbach, B. A. Telek, C. M. Bartsch, and J. G. Grote, “DNA biopolymer conductive cladding for polymer electro-optic waveguide modulators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(10), 54 (2011).
[Crossref]

Thomas, S.

S. Udayan, V. K. Ramachandran, M. Sebastian, P. Chandran, V. P. N. Nampoori, and S. Thomas, “Effect of DNA-CTMA complex on optical properties of LDS 821 dye,” Opt. Mater. 69, 49–53 (2017).
[Crossref]

Topgaard, D.

C. Leal, D. Topgaard, R. W. Martin, and H. Wennerström, “NMR Studies of Molecular Mobility in a DNA− Amphiphile Complex,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(39), 15392–15397 (2004).
[Crossref]

Tsang, K. C.

K. C. Tsang, C.-Y. Wong, and E. Y. B. Pun, “Optical Amplification in Eu3+-Doped DNA-Based Biopolymer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(16), 1106–1108 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tsuboi, M.

M. Tsuboi, “Application of infrared spectroscopy to structure studies of nucleic acids,” Appl. Spectrosc. Rev. 3(1), 45–90 (1970).
[Crossref]

Udayan, S.

S. Udayan, V. K. Ramachandran, M. Sebastian, P. Chandran, V. P. N. Nampoori, and S. Thomas, “Effect of DNA-CTMA complex on optical properties of LDS 821 dye,” Opt. Mater. 69, 49–53 (2017).
[Crossref]

Vidal, B. C.

M. L. S. Mello and B. C. Vidal, “Changes in the infrared microspectroscopic characteristics of DNA caused by cationic elements, different base richness and single-stranded form,” PLoS One 7(8), e43169 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wadsö, L.

C. Leal, L. Wadsö, G. Olofsson, M. Miguel, and H. Wennerström, “The Hydration of a DNA− Amphiphile Complex,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(9), 3044–3050 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

L. Wang, J. Yoshida, N. Ogata, S. Sasaki, and T. Kajiyama, “Self-assembled supramolecular films derived from marine deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)− cationic surfactant complexes: large-scale preparation and optical and thermal properties,” Chem. Mater. 13(4), 1273–1281 (2001).
[Crossref]

Wang, W.-H.

S. Ram Kumar Pandian, C.-J. Yuan, C.-C. Lin, W.-H. Wang, and C.-C. Chang, “DNA-based nanowires and nanodevices,” Advances in Physics: X 2(1), 22–34 (2017).

Wang, Y. S.

Y. C. Hung, T. Y. Lin, W. T. Hsu, Y. W. Chiu, Y. S. Wang, and L. Fruk, “Functional DNA biopolymers and nanocomposite for optoelectronic applications,” Opt. Mater. 34(7), 1208–1213 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z. Y.

Wang, Z.-Y.

F.-Y. Zhang, Z.-Y. Wang, C.-E. Yan, and J. Zhou, “Fabrication and characteristics of low loss and single-mode channel waveguides based on DNA-HCTAC biopolymer material,” Optoelectron. Lett. 8(2), 97–100 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wennerström, H.

C. Leal, L. Wadsö, G. Olofsson, M. Miguel, and H. Wennerström, “The Hydration of a DNA− Amphiphile Complex,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(9), 3044–3050 (2004).
[Crossref]

C. Leal, D. Topgaard, R. W. Martin, and H. Wennerström, “NMR Studies of Molecular Mobility in a DNA− Amphiphile Complex,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(39), 15392–15397 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wheeler, J. J.

D. L. Reimer, Y. Zhang, S. Kong, J. J. Wheeler, R. W. Graham, and M. B. Bally, “Formation of novel hydrophobic complexes between cationic lipids and plasmid DNA,” Biochemistry 34(39), 12877–12883 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wong, C. Y.

Wong, C.-Y.

K. C. Tsang, C.-Y. Wong, and E. Y. B. Pun, “Optical Amplification in Eu3+-Doped DNA-Based Biopolymer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(16), 1106–1108 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wood, B. R.

B. R. Wood, “The importance of hydration and DNA conformation in interpreting infrared spectra of cells and tissues,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 45(7), 1980–1998 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamaoka, K.

N. Ogata and K. Yamaoka, “DNA–lipid hybrid films derived from chiral lipids,” Polym. J. 40(3), 186–191 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yan, C.-E.

F.-Y. Zhang, Z.-Y. Wang, C.-E. Yan, and J. Zhou, “Fabrication and characteristics of low loss and single-mode channel waveguides based on DNA-HCTAC biopolymer material,” Optoelectron. Lett. 8(2), 97–100 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yaney, P. P.

F. Ouchen, G. A. Sotzing, T. L. Miller, K. M. Singh, B. A. Telek, A. C. Lesko, R. Aga, E. M. Fehrman-Cory, P. P. Yaney, J. G. Grote, C. M. Bartsch, and E. M. Heckman, “Modified processing techniques of a DNA biopolymer for enhanced performance in photonics applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 153702 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. G. Grote, D. E. Diggs, R. L. Nelson, J. S. Zetts, F. K. Hopkins, N. Ogata, J. A. Hagen, E. Heckman, P. P. Yaney, M. O. Stone, and L. R. Dalton, “DNA photonics [deoxyribonucleic acid],” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 426(1), 3–17 (2005).
[Crossref]

E. M. Heckman, J. A. Hagen, P. P. Yaney, J. G. Grote, and F. K. Hopkins, “Processing techniques for deoxyribonucleic acid: Biopolymer for photonics applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(21), 211115 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yang, M.

Ł. Szyc, M. Yang, E. T. Nibbering, and T. Elsaesser, “Ultrafast vibrational dynamics and local interactions of hydrated DNA,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(21), 3598–3610 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, X.

Yeom, D.-I.

R. Khazaeinezhad, S. Hosseinzadeh Kassani, B. Paulson, H. Jeong, J. Gwak, F. Rotermund, D.-I. Yeom, and K. Oh, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of thin-solid DNA film and their application as a saturable absorber in femtosecond mode-locked fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 7, 41480 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Park, B. J. Lee, S. R. Dugasani, Y. Cho, C. Kim, M. Seo, T. Lee, Y.-M. Jhon, J. Choi, S. Lee, S. H. Park, S. C. Jun, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, and J. H. Kim, “Enhanced nonlinear optical characteristics of copper-ion-doped double crossover DNAs,” Nanoscale 7(43), 18089–18095 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yi, Y.

J. Lee, J. H. Park, Y. T. Lee, P. J. Jeon, H. S. Lee, S. H. Nam, Y. Yi, Y. Lee, and S. Im, “DNA-Base Guanine as Hydrogen Getter and Charge-Trapping Layer Embedded in Oxide Dielectrics for Inorganic and Organic Field-Effect Transistors,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(7), 4965–4973 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yoo, S.

M. R. Kesama, S. R. Dugasani, S. Yoo, P. Chopade, B. Gnapareddy, and S. H. Park, “Morphological and optoelectronic characteristics of double and triple lanthanide ion-doped DNA thin films,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(22), 14109–14117 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yoshida, J.

L. Wang, J. Yoshida, N. Ogata, S. Sasaki, and T. Kajiyama, “Self-assembled supramolecular films derived from marine deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)− cationic surfactant complexes: large-scale preparation and optical and thermal properties,” Chem. Mater. 13(4), 1273–1281 (2001).
[Crossref]

Yuan, C.-J.

S. Ram Kumar Pandian, C.-J. Yuan, C.-C. Lin, W.-H. Wang, and C.-C. Chang, “DNA-based nanowires and nanodevices,” Advances in Physics: X 2(1), 22–34 (2017).

Zalitacz, D.

H. Harańczyk, J. Kobierski, D. Zalitacz, P. Nowak, A. Romanowicz, M. Marzec, J. Niziol, E. Hebda, and J. Pielichowski, “Rehydration of CTMA Modified DNA Powders Observed by NMR,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 121(2), 485–490 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zantl, R.

R. Zantl, L. Baicu, F. Artzner, I. Sprenger, G. Rapp, and J. O. Rädler, “Thermotropic phase behavior of cationic lipid− DNA complexes compared to binary lipid mixtures,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(46), 10300–10310 (1999).
[Crossref]

Zetts, J. S.

J. G. Grote, D. E. Diggs, R. L. Nelson, J. S. Zetts, F. K. Hopkins, N. Ogata, J. A. Hagen, E. Heckman, P. P. Yaney, M. O. Stone, and L. R. Dalton, “DNA photonics [deoxyribonucleic acid],” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 426(1), 3–17 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zhang, F.-Y.

F.-Y. Zhang, Z.-Y. Wang, C.-E. Yan, and J. Zhou, “Fabrication and characteristics of low loss and single-mode channel waveguides based on DNA-HCTAC biopolymer material,” Optoelectron. Lett. 8(2), 97–100 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

B. Li, G. Chen, H. Zhang, and C. Sheng, “Development of non-isothermal TGA–DSC for kinetics analysis of low temperature coal oxidation prior to ignition,” Fuel 118, 385–391 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

D. L. Reimer, Y. Zhang, S. Kong, J. J. Wheeler, R. W. Graham, and M. B. Bally, “Formation of novel hydrophobic complexes between cationic lipids and plasmid DNA,” Biochemistry 34(39), 12877–12883 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Z.

Z. Zhang, P. Zhao, P. Lin, and F. Sun, “Thermo-optic coefficients of polymers for optical waveguide applications,” Polymer (Guildf.) 47(14), 4893–4896 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhao, P.

Z. Zhang, P. Zhao, P. Lin, and F. Sun, “Thermo-optic coefficients of polymers for optical waveguide applications,” Polymer (Guildf.) 47(14), 4893–4896 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhou, J.

F.-Y. Zhang, Z.-Y. Wang, C.-E. Yan, and J. Zhou, “Fabrication and characteristics of low loss and single-mode channel waveguides based on DNA-HCTAC biopolymer material,” Optoelectron. Lett. 8(2), 97–100 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Zhou, Z. Y. Wang, X. Yang, C. Y. Wong, and E. Y. Pun, “Fabrication of low-loss, single-mode-channel waveguide with DNA-CTMA biopolymer by multistep processing technology,” Opt. Lett. 35(10), 1512–1514 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zou, W.

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (2)

J. Lee, J. H. Park, Y. T. Lee, P. J. Jeon, H. S. Lee, S. H. Nam, Y. Yi, Y. Lee, and S. Im, “DNA-Base Guanine as Hydrogen Getter and Charge-Trapping Layer Embedded in Oxide Dielectrics for Inorganic and Organic Field-Effect Transistors,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(7), 4965–4973 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. R. Kesama, S. R. Dugasani, S. Yoo, P. Chopade, B. Gnapareddy, and S. H. Park, “Morphological and optoelectronic characteristics of double and triple lanthanide ion-doped DNA thin films,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(22), 14109–14117 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Acta Phys. Pol. A (1)

H. Harańczyk, J. Kobierski, D. Zalitacz, P. Nowak, A. Romanowicz, M. Marzec, J. Niziol, E. Hebda, and J. Pielichowski, “Rehydration of CTMA Modified DNA Powders Observed by NMR,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 121(2), 485–490 (2012).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

H. Ma, A. K.-Y. Jen, and L. R. Dalton, “Polymer‐based optical waveguides: materials, processing, and devices,” Adv. Mater. 14(19), 1339–1365 (2002).
[Crossref]

Advances in Physics: X (1)

S. Ram Kumar Pandian, C.-J. Yuan, C.-C. Lin, W.-H. Wang, and C.-C. Chang, “DNA-based nanowires and nanodevices,” Advances in Physics: X 2(1), 22–34 (2017).

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. (1)

Ł. Szyc, M. Yang, E. T. Nibbering, and T. Elsaesser, “Ultrafast vibrational dynamics and local interactions of hydrated DNA,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(21), 3598–3610 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

J. Mysliwiec, L. Sznitko, A. Sobolewska, S. Bartkiewicz, and A. Miniewicz, “Lasing effect in a hybrid dye-doped biopolymer and photochromic polymer system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(14), 141106 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Lee, G. Y. W. Kwon, Y.H. Kim, and E.H. Choi, “Raman spectroscopic study of plasma-treated salmon DNA,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(2), 021911 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Ouchen, G. A. Sotzing, T. L. Miller, K. M. Singh, B. A. Telek, A. C. Lesko, R. Aga, E. M. Fehrman-Cory, P. P. Yaney, J. G. Grote, C. M. Bartsch, and E. M. Heckman, “Modified processing techniques of a DNA biopolymer for enhanced performance in photonics applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 153702 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. M. Heckman, R. S. Aga, A. T. Rossbach, B. A. Telek, C. M. Bartsch, and J. G. Grote, “DNA biopolymer conductive cladding for polymer electro-optic waveguide modulators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(10), 54 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. M. Heckman, J. A. Hagen, P. P. Yaney, J. G. Grote, and F. K. Hopkins, “Processing techniques for deoxyribonucleic acid: Biopolymer for photonics applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(21), 211115 (2005).
[Crossref]

Appl. Spectrosc. Rev. (1)

M. Tsuboi, “Application of infrared spectroscopy to structure studies of nucleic acids,” Appl. Spectrosc. Rev. 3(1), 45–90 (1970).
[Crossref]

Biochemistry (1)

D. L. Reimer, Y. Zhang, S. Kong, J. J. Wheeler, R. W. Graham, and M. B. Bally, “Formation of novel hydrophobic complexes between cationic lipids and plasmid DNA,” Biochemistry 34(39), 12877–12883 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chem. Mater. (1)

L. Wang, J. Yoshida, N. Ogata, S. Sasaki, and T. Kajiyama, “Self-assembled supramolecular films derived from marine deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)− cationic surfactant complexes: large-scale preparation and optical and thermal properties,” Chem. Mater. 13(4), 1273–1281 (2001).
[Crossref]

Chem. Rev. (1)

D. Laage, T. Elsaesser, and J. T. Hynes, “Water dynamics in the hydration shells of biomolecules,” Chem. Rev. 117(16), 10694–10725 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chem. Soc. Rev. (2)

B. R. Wood, “The importance of hydration and DNA conformation in interpreting infrared spectra of cells and tissues,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 45(7), 1980–1998 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liu, H. Diao, and N. Nishi, “Applied chemistry of natural DNA,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 37(12), 2745–2757 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fuel (1)

B. Li, G. Chen, H. Zhang, and C. Sheng, “Development of non-isothermal TGA–DSC for kinetics analysis of low temperature coal oxidation prior to ignition,” Fuel 118, 385–391 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

K. C. Tsang, C.-Y. Wong, and E. Y. B. Pun, “Optical Amplification in Eu3+-Doped DNA-Based Biopolymer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(16), 1106–1108 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. Nizioł, “Thermal treatment effects imposed on solid DNA cationic lipid complex with hexadecyltrimethylammonium chloride, observed by variable angle spectroscopic ellipsometry,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(23), 234701 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Polym. Sci. (1)

A. Samoc, A. Miniewicz, M. Samoc, and J. G. Grote, “Refractive‐index anisotropy and optical dispersion in films of deoxyribonucleic acid,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 105(1), 236–245 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

Y. W. Kwon, C. H. Lee, D. H. Choi, and J. I. Jin, “Materials science of DNA,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(10), 1353–1380 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. B (4)

C. Leal, L. Wadsö, G. Olofsson, M. Miguel, and H. Wennerström, “The Hydration of a DNA− Amphiphile Complex,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(9), 3044–3050 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. Bandyopadhyay, M. Tarek, and M. L. Klein, “Molecular dynamics study of a lipid− DNA complex,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(46), 10075–10080 (1999).
[Crossref]

R. Zantl, L. Baicu, F. Artzner, I. Sprenger, G. Rapp, and J. O. Rädler, “Thermotropic phase behavior of cationic lipid− DNA complexes compared to binary lipid mixtures,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(46), 10300–10310 (1999).
[Crossref]

C. Leal, D. Topgaard, R. W. Martin, and H. Wennerström, “NMR Studies of Molecular Mobility in a DNA− Amphiphile Complex,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(39), 15392–15397 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Polym. Sci. A Polym. Chem. (1)

U. R. Lee, J. E. Lee, M. J. Cho, K. H. Kim, Y. W. Kwon, I.-L. Jin, and D. H. Choi, “Photoluminescence behaviors of organic soluble DNA bearing carbazole and pyrene derivatives as side‐chain substituents and effect of the copolymer structure on the Förster energy transfer process,” J. Polym. Sci. A Polym. Chem. 47(20), 5416–5425 (2009).
[Crossref]

JACS (1)

C. H. Spink and J. B. Chaires, “Thermodynamics of the binding of a cationic lipid to DNA,” JACS 119(45), 10920–10928 (1997).
[Crossref]

Journal of Characterization and Development of Novel Materials (1)

J. Niziol, M. Sniechowski, E. Hebda, M. Jancia, and J. Pielichowski, “Properties of DNA complexes with new cationic surfactants,” Journal of Characterization and Development of Novel Materials 3(2), 107 (2011).

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) (1)

J. G. Grote, D. E. Diggs, R. L. Nelson, J. S. Zetts, F. K. Hopkins, N. Ogata, J. A. Hagen, E. Heckman, P. P. Yaney, M. O. Stone, and L. R. Dalton, “DNA photonics [deoxyribonucleic acid],” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 426(1), 3–17 (2005).
[Crossref]

Nanoscale (1)

B. Park, B. J. Lee, S. R. Dugasani, Y. Cho, C. Kim, M. Seo, T. Lee, Y.-M. Jhon, J. Choi, S. Lee, S. H. Park, S. C. Jun, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, and J. H. Kim, “Enhanced nonlinear optical characteristics of copper-ion-doped double crossover DNAs,” Nanoscale 7(43), 18089–18095 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

A. J. Steckl, “DNA–a new material for photonics?” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 3–5 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

A. Groisman and V. Steinberg, “Elastic turbulence in a polymer solution flow,” Nature 405(6782), 53–55 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. (3)

J. Nizioł, M. Dendzik, M. Sitarz, E. Hebda, J. Pielichowski, J. Łojewska, A. Rogulska, and M. Bakasse, “Thermal annealing effect on physical properties of DNA–CTMA thin films,” Opt. Mater. 36(1), 36–41 (2013).
[Crossref]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic illustration of DNA-CTMA complex structure. Double helix represents DNA and CTMAs are represented as line segments. Before our proposed re-precipitation process, shown in the left, CTMAs are not fully bound to phosphate backbone of DNA to result in defects as shown in orange dots allowing water binding. After re-precipitation, binding of CTMAs to DNA is significantly increased to drive out residual water. (b) Schematics of refractive index control by changing the level of water binding, which can be realized in refinement process. As we decrease the water contents in an order from sample A1 to A2, B1, and B2, the refractive index of DNA-CTMA thin solid film decreases monotonically. Detailed processes to distinguish samples will be described in the text.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Schematic flows of the proposed refinement process for DNA-CTMA precipitates. Utilizing re-precipitation process, a systematic control of water content and CTMA binding to DNA was achieved. (b) FE-SEM images of precipitates and their surface morphology are presented. The scale bar is 1μm respectively.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 FTIR spectra of (a) stDNA and CTMA-Cl, stDNA with a molecular weight of ~9kDa (gray solid curve) and stDNA with ~1,000kDa (red dotted curve) are shown. Pb, Cy, Ad, Th and Gu represent Phosphate backbone, Cytosine, Adenine, Guanine and Thymine, respectively. (b) FTIR spectra of DNA-CTMA samples. The dotted lines in (a) and (b) indicate the spectral locations of phosphate backbone, nucleobases of DNA, and C-H bond of CTMA. (c) 300MHz FT-NMR spectra. Peaks correspond to the chemical shifts of H2O, –CH2 and -CH3 from CTMA ligand.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) TGA results for commercial stDNA, and DNA-CTMA precipitate samples prepared in this study. (b) DSC analyses of stDNA, DNA-CTMA samples.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 AFM images of DNA-CTMA thin-films prepared by identical spin coating process, the scale bar is 1μm respectively.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Refractive indices of thin solid films deposited on Si wafers for stDNA, DNA-CTMA samples prepared in this study. (b) UV absorption spectra of thin films deposited on silica substrates. Dot-dashed, dashed lines represent Tauc-Lorentz oscillators for electron transitions n- π* (4.47eV) and π- π* (4.74eV), respectively.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Thermally induced changes in DNA-CTMA thin-films. (a-d) Thickness changes as a function of temperature. (e) Refractive index changes as a function of temperature for vacuum dried films and (f) refractive index changes for pre-heated samples after the second thermal cycle.

Tables (2)

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Table 1 Detailed comparison of refined DNA-CTMA samples

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Table 2 Refractive indices (n) and thermo-optical coefficient of DNA-CTMA (dn/dT × 104 [°C−1])

Equations (2)

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I= I( δ )dδ
S=  Δ[S] ΔS ~ [ S ] S 0 ΔS

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