Abstract

A novel rare-earth ion free phosphor, Mn2+-activated Li2MgGeO4, was prepared by a high temperature solid-state reaction method. The phase structure was identified by XRD. We reported on its photoluminescence and long persistent luminescence properties. The green emission with a broad band centered at 525 nm corresponds to the 4T1(4G)–6A1(6S) transition of the Mn2+ ions. After irradiation by 254 nm UV light, green long persistent luminescence can be observed and last at least 5 h. Thermoluminescence was studied and the long persistent luminescence mechanism was also discussed in detail.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. L. C. Rodrigues, J. Hölsä, M. Lastusaari, M. C. Felinto, and H. F. Brito, “Defect to R3+ energy transfer: colour tuning of persistent luminescence in CdSiO3,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2(9), 1612–1618 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. Ueda, T. Shinoda, and S. Tanabe, “Photochromism and near-infrared persistent luminescence in Eu2+-Nd3+-co-doped CaAl2O4 ceramics,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(6), 787–793 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  3. Y. Liang, F. Liu, Y. Chen, K. Sun, and Z. Pan, “Long persistent luminescence in the ultraviolet in Pb2+-doped Sr2MgGe2O7 persistent phosphor,” Dalton Trans. 45(4), 1322–1326 (2016), doi:.
    [Crossref]
  4. J. Wang, H. Zhang, Y. Liu, H. Dong, B. Lei, M. Zheng, Y. Xiao, M. Peng, and J. Wang, “Insights into luminescence quenching and detecting trap distribution in Ba2Si5N8: Eu2+ phosphor with comprehensive considerations of temperature-dependent luminescence behaviors,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(37), 9572–9579 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  5. Y. Li, B. Li, C. Ni, S. Yuan, J. Wang, Q. Tang, and Q. Su, “Synthesis, persistent luminescence, and thermoluminescence properties of yellow Sr3SiO5:Eu2+,RE3+ (RE=Ce, Nd, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb) and orange-red Sr3-xBaxSiO5:Eu2+, Dy3+ phosphor,” Chem. Asian J. 9(2), 494–499 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. Y. Zhuang, Y. Katayama, J. Ueda, and S. Tanabe, “A brief review on red to near-infrared persistent luminescence in transition-metal-activated phosphors,” Opt. Mater. 36(11), 1907–1912 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  7. Y. Jin, Y. Hu, L. Chen, Y. Fu, Z. Mu, T. Wang, and J. Lin, “Photoluminescence, reddish orange long persistent luminescence and photostimulated luminescence properties of praseodymium doped CdGeO3 phosphor,” J. Alloys Compd. 616, 159–165 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  8. Z. Pan, Y.-Y. Lu, and F. Liu, “Sunlight-activated long-persistent luminescence in the near-infrared from Cr3+-doped zinc gallogermanates,” Nat. Mater. 11(1), 58–63 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. P. Li, M. Peng, L. Wondraczek, Y. Zhao, and B. Viana, “Red to near infrared ultralong lasting luminescence from Mn2+-doped sodium gallium aluminum germanate glasses and (Al,Ga)-albite glass-ceramics,” J. Mater. Chem. C 100(14), 3406–3415 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  10. Y. Jin, Y. Hu, Y. Fu, G. Ju, Z. Mu, R. Chen, J. Lin, and Z. Wang, “Preparation, Design, and Characterization of the Novel Long Persistent Phosphors: Na2ZnGeO4 and Na2ZnGeO4: Mn2+,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1555–1561 (2015).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  22. L. Wu, B. Wang, Y. Zhang, L. Li, H. R. Wang, H. Yi, Y. F. Kong, and J. J. Xu, “Structure and photoluminescence properties of a rare-earth free red-emitting Mn2+-activated KMgBO3.,” Dalton Trans. 43(37), 13845–13851 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  24. L. Hu, Q. Wang, X. Wang, Y. Li, Y. Wang, and X. Peng, “Photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence properties of Na2MgGeO4: Mn2+ green phosphors,” RSC Adv. 5(127), 104708 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  25. Y. Jin, Y. Fu, Y. Hu, L. Chen, G. Ju, and Z. Mu, “The preparation and characterization of a long persistent phosphor Na2Ca3Si2O8: Ce3+,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(7), 1488–1497 (2015).
    [Crossref]
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2016 (1)

Y. Liang, F. Liu, Y. Chen, K. Sun, and Z. Pan, “Long persistent luminescence in the ultraviolet in Pb2+-doped Sr2MgGe2O7 persistent phosphor,” Dalton Trans. 45(4), 1322–1326 (2016), doi:.
[Crossref]

2015 (6)

J. Wang, H. Zhang, Y. Liu, H. Dong, B. Lei, M. Zheng, Y. Xiao, M. Peng, and J. Wang, “Insights into luminescence quenching and detecting trap distribution in Ba2Si5N8: Eu2+ phosphor with comprehensive considerations of temperature-dependent luminescence behaviors,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(37), 9572–9579 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Li, M. Peng, L. Wondraczek, Y. Zhao, and B. Viana, “Red to near infrared ultralong lasting luminescence from Mn2+-doped sodium gallium aluminum germanate glasses and (Al,Ga)-albite glass-ceramics,” J. Mater. Chem. C 100(14), 3406–3415 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, Y. Fu, G. Ju, Z. Mu, R. Chen, J. Lin, and Z. Wang, “Preparation, Design, and Characterization of the Novel Long Persistent Phosphors: Na2ZnGeO4 and Na2ZnGeO4: Mn2+,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1555–1561 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Qu, B. Zhang, L. Wang, R. Zhou, and X. C. Zeng, “Mechanistic study of the persistent luminescence of CaAl2O4: Eu, Nd,” Chem. Mater. 27(6), 2195–2202 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Hu, Q. Wang, X. Wang, Y. Li, Y. Wang, and X. Peng, “Photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence properties of Na2MgGeO4: Mn2+ green phosphors,” RSC Adv. 5(127), 104708 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Fu, Y. Hu, L. Chen, G. Ju, and Z. Mu, “The preparation and characterization of a long persistent phosphor Na2Ca3Si2O8: Ce3+,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(7), 1488–1497 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (8)

L. Wu, B. Wang, Y. Zhang, L. Li, H. R. Wang, H. Yi, Y. F. Kong, and J. J. Xu, “Structure and photoluminescence properties of a rare-earth free red-emitting Mn2+-activated KMgBO3.,” Dalton Trans. 43(37), 13845–13851 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. F. Smet, J. Botterman, K. Van den Eeckhout, K. Korthout, and D. Poelman, “Persistent luminescence in nitride and oxynitride phosphors: A review,” Opt. Mater. 36(11), 1913–1919 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, H. Duan, L. Chen, and X. Wang, “The long persistent luminescence properties of phosphors: Li2ZnGeO4 and Li2ZnGeO4: Mn2+,” RSC Adv. 4(22), 11360–11366 (2014).
[Crossref]

Q. Su, C. Li, and J. Wang, “Some interesting phenomena in the study of rare earth long lasting phosphors,” Opt. Mater. 36(11), 1894–1900 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. C. Rodrigues, J. Hölsä, M. Lastusaari, M. C. Felinto, and H. F. Brito, “Defect to R3+ energy transfer: colour tuning of persistent luminescence in CdSiO3,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2(9), 1612–1618 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, B. Li, C. Ni, S. Yuan, J. Wang, Q. Tang, and Q. Su, “Synthesis, persistent luminescence, and thermoluminescence properties of yellow Sr3SiO5:Eu2+,RE3+ (RE=Ce, Nd, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb) and orange-red Sr3-xBaxSiO5:Eu2+, Dy3+ phosphor,” Chem. Asian J. 9(2), 494–499 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhuang, Y. Katayama, J. Ueda, and S. Tanabe, “A brief review on red to near-infrared persistent luminescence in transition-metal-activated phosphors,” Opt. Mater. 36(11), 1907–1912 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, L. Chen, Y. Fu, Z. Mu, T. Wang, and J. Lin, “Photoluminescence, reddish orange long persistent luminescence and photostimulated luminescence properties of praseodymium doped CdGeO3 phosphor,” J. Alloys Compd. 616, 159–165 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

J. Ueda, T. Shinoda, and S. Tanabe, “Photochromism and near-infrared persistent luminescence in Eu2+-Nd3+-co-doped CaAl2O4 ceramics,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(6), 787–793 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, M. Zheng, B. Lei, Y. Liu, Y. Xiao, H. Dong, Y. Zhang, and S. Ye, “Luminescence Properties of Red Long-Lasting Phosphorescence Phosphor AlN: Mn2+,” ECS J. Solid State Sc. 2(7), R117–R120 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Van den Eeckhout, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “Persistent luminescence in non-Eu2+-doped compounds: a review,” Materials (Basel) 6(7), 2789–2818 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

Z. Pan, Y.-Y. Lu, and F. Liu, “Sunlight-activated long-persistent luminescence in the near-infrared from Cr3+-doped zinc gallogermanates,” Nat. Mater. 11(1), 58–63 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

K. Van den Eeckhout, P. F. Smet, and D. Poelman, “Persistent luminescence in Eu2+-doped compounds: a review,” Materials (Basel) 3(4), 2536–2566 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Yan, F. Liu, Y.-Y. Lu, X.-J. Wang, M. Yin, and Z. Pan, “Near infrared long-persistent phosphorescence in La3Ga5GeO14:Cr3+ phosphor,” Opt. Express 18(19), 20215–20221 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

G. Che, C. Liu, X. Li, Z. Xu, Y. Liu, and H. Wang, “Luminescence properties of a new Mn2+-activated red long-afterglow phosphor,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 69(8), 2091–2095 (2008).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

M. Iwasaki, D. N. Kim, K. Tanaka, T. Murata, and K. Morinaga, “Red phosphorescence properties of Mn ions in MgO–GeO2 compounds,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 4(2), 137–142 (2003).
[Crossref]

1973 (1)

W. Partlow and D. Feldman, “Trapping effects in the luminescence of Zn2GeO4: Mn2+,” J. Lumin. 6(1), 11–20 (1973).
[Crossref]

1968 (1)

J. Tauc, “Optical properties and electronic structure of amorphous Ge and Si,” Mater. Res. Bull. 3(1), 37–46 (1968).
[Crossref]

Botterman, J.

P. F. Smet, J. Botterman, K. Van den Eeckhout, K. Korthout, and D. Poelman, “Persistent luminescence in nitride and oxynitride phosphors: A review,” Opt. Mater. 36(11), 1913–1919 (2014).
[Crossref]

Brito, H. F.

L. C. Rodrigues, J. Hölsä, M. Lastusaari, M. C. Felinto, and H. F. Brito, “Defect to R3+ energy transfer: colour tuning of persistent luminescence in CdSiO3,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2(9), 1612–1618 (2014).
[Crossref]

Che, G.

G. Che, C. Liu, X. Li, Z. Xu, Y. Liu, and H. Wang, “Luminescence properties of a new Mn2+-activated red long-afterglow phosphor,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 69(8), 2091–2095 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

Y. Jin, Y. Fu, Y. Hu, L. Chen, G. Ju, and Z. Mu, “The preparation and characterization of a long persistent phosphor Na2Ca3Si2O8: Ce3+,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(7), 1488–1497 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, H. Duan, L. Chen, and X. Wang, “The long persistent luminescence properties of phosphors: Li2ZnGeO4 and Li2ZnGeO4: Mn2+,” RSC Adv. 4(22), 11360–11366 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, L. Chen, Y. Fu, Z. Mu, T. Wang, and J. Lin, “Photoluminescence, reddish orange long persistent luminescence and photostimulated luminescence properties of praseodymium doped CdGeO3 phosphor,” J. Alloys Compd. 616, 159–165 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, R.

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, Y. Fu, G. Ju, Z. Mu, R. Chen, J. Lin, and Z. Wang, “Preparation, Design, and Characterization of the Novel Long Persistent Phosphors: Na2ZnGeO4 and Na2ZnGeO4: Mn2+,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1555–1561 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Y. Liang, F. Liu, Y. Chen, K. Sun, and Z. Pan, “Long persistent luminescence in the ultraviolet in Pb2+-doped Sr2MgGe2O7 persistent phosphor,” Dalton Trans. 45(4), 1322–1326 (2016), doi:.
[Crossref]

Dong, H.

J. Wang, H. Zhang, Y. Liu, H. Dong, B. Lei, M. Zheng, Y. Xiao, M. Peng, and J. Wang, “Insights into luminescence quenching and detecting trap distribution in Ba2Si5N8: Eu2+ phosphor with comprehensive considerations of temperature-dependent luminescence behaviors,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(37), 9572–9579 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, M. Zheng, B. Lei, Y. Liu, Y. Xiao, H. Dong, Y. Zhang, and S. Ye, “Luminescence Properties of Red Long-Lasting Phosphorescence Phosphor AlN: Mn2+,” ECS J. Solid State Sc. 2(7), R117–R120 (2013).
[Crossref]

Duan, H.

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, H. Duan, L. Chen, and X. Wang, “The long persistent luminescence properties of phosphors: Li2ZnGeO4 and Li2ZnGeO4: Mn2+,” RSC Adv. 4(22), 11360–11366 (2014).
[Crossref]

Feldman, D.

W. Partlow and D. Feldman, “Trapping effects in the luminescence of Zn2GeO4: Mn2+,” J. Lumin. 6(1), 11–20 (1973).
[Crossref]

Felinto, M. C.

L. C. Rodrigues, J. Hölsä, M. Lastusaari, M. C. Felinto, and H. F. Brito, “Defect to R3+ energy transfer: colour tuning of persistent luminescence in CdSiO3,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2(9), 1612–1618 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fu, Y.

Y. Jin, Y. Fu, Y. Hu, L. Chen, G. Ju, and Z. Mu, “The preparation and characterization of a long persistent phosphor Na2Ca3Si2O8: Ce3+,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(7), 1488–1497 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, Y. Fu, G. Ju, Z. Mu, R. Chen, J. Lin, and Z. Wang, “Preparation, Design, and Characterization of the Novel Long Persistent Phosphors: Na2ZnGeO4 and Na2ZnGeO4: Mn2+,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1555–1561 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, L. Chen, Y. Fu, Z. Mu, T. Wang, and J. Lin, “Photoluminescence, reddish orange long persistent luminescence and photostimulated luminescence properties of praseodymium doped CdGeO3 phosphor,” J. Alloys Compd. 616, 159–165 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hölsä, J.

L. C. Rodrigues, J. Hölsä, M. Lastusaari, M. C. Felinto, and H. F. Brito, “Defect to R3+ energy transfer: colour tuning of persistent luminescence in CdSiO3,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2(9), 1612–1618 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hu, L.

L. Hu, Q. Wang, X. Wang, Y. Li, Y. Wang, and X. Peng, “Photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence properties of Na2MgGeO4: Mn2+ green phosphors,” RSC Adv. 5(127), 104708 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hu, Y.

Y. Jin, Y. Fu, Y. Hu, L. Chen, G. Ju, and Z. Mu, “The preparation and characterization of a long persistent phosphor Na2Ca3Si2O8: Ce3+,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(7), 1488–1497 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, Y. Fu, G. Ju, Z. Mu, R. Chen, J. Lin, and Z. Wang, “Preparation, Design, and Characterization of the Novel Long Persistent Phosphors: Na2ZnGeO4 and Na2ZnGeO4: Mn2+,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1555–1561 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, L. Chen, Y. Fu, Z. Mu, T. Wang, and J. Lin, “Photoluminescence, reddish orange long persistent luminescence and photostimulated luminescence properties of praseodymium doped CdGeO3 phosphor,” J. Alloys Compd. 616, 159–165 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, H. Duan, L. Chen, and X. Wang, “The long persistent luminescence properties of phosphors: Li2ZnGeO4 and Li2ZnGeO4: Mn2+,” RSC Adv. 4(22), 11360–11366 (2014).
[Crossref]

Iwasaki, M.

M. Iwasaki, D. N. Kim, K. Tanaka, T. Murata, and K. Morinaga, “Red phosphorescence properties of Mn ions in MgO–GeO2 compounds,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 4(2), 137–142 (2003).
[Crossref]

Jin, Y.

Y. Jin, Y. Fu, Y. Hu, L. Chen, G. Ju, and Z. Mu, “The preparation and characterization of a long persistent phosphor Na2Ca3Si2O8: Ce3+,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(7), 1488–1497 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, Y. Fu, G. Ju, Z. Mu, R. Chen, J. Lin, and Z. Wang, “Preparation, Design, and Characterization of the Novel Long Persistent Phosphors: Na2ZnGeO4 and Na2ZnGeO4: Mn2+,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1555–1561 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, L. Chen, Y. Fu, Z. Mu, T. Wang, and J. Lin, “Photoluminescence, reddish orange long persistent luminescence and photostimulated luminescence properties of praseodymium doped CdGeO3 phosphor,” J. Alloys Compd. 616, 159–165 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, H. Duan, L. Chen, and X. Wang, “The long persistent luminescence properties of phosphors: Li2ZnGeO4 and Li2ZnGeO4: Mn2+,” RSC Adv. 4(22), 11360–11366 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ju, G.

Y. Jin, Y. Fu, Y. Hu, L. Chen, G. Ju, and Z. Mu, “The preparation and characterization of a long persistent phosphor Na2Ca3Si2O8: Ce3+,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(7), 1488–1497 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, Y. Fu, G. Ju, Z. Mu, R. Chen, J. Lin, and Z. Wang, “Preparation, Design, and Characterization of the Novel Long Persistent Phosphors: Na2ZnGeO4 and Na2ZnGeO4: Mn2+,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1555–1561 (2015).
[Crossref]

Katayama, Y.

Y. Zhuang, Y. Katayama, J. Ueda, and S. Tanabe, “A brief review on red to near-infrared persistent luminescence in transition-metal-activated phosphors,” Opt. Mater. 36(11), 1907–1912 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kim, D. N.

M. Iwasaki, D. N. Kim, K. Tanaka, T. Murata, and K. Morinaga, “Red phosphorescence properties of Mn ions in MgO–GeO2 compounds,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 4(2), 137–142 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kong, Y. F.

L. Wu, B. Wang, Y. Zhang, L. Li, H. R. Wang, H. Yi, Y. F. Kong, and J. J. Xu, “Structure and photoluminescence properties of a rare-earth free red-emitting Mn2+-activated KMgBO3.,” Dalton Trans. 43(37), 13845–13851 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Korthout, K.

P. F. Smet, J. Botterman, K. Van den Eeckhout, K. Korthout, and D. Poelman, “Persistent luminescence in nitride and oxynitride phosphors: A review,” Opt. Mater. 36(11), 1913–1919 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lastusaari, M.

L. C. Rodrigues, J. Hölsä, M. Lastusaari, M. C. Felinto, and H. F. Brito, “Defect to R3+ energy transfer: colour tuning of persistent luminescence in CdSiO3,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2(9), 1612–1618 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lei, B.

J. Wang, H. Zhang, Y. Liu, H. Dong, B. Lei, M. Zheng, Y. Xiao, M. Peng, and J. Wang, “Insights into luminescence quenching and detecting trap distribution in Ba2Si5N8: Eu2+ phosphor with comprehensive considerations of temperature-dependent luminescence behaviors,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(37), 9572–9579 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, M. Zheng, B. Lei, Y. Liu, Y. Xiao, H. Dong, Y. Zhang, and S. Ye, “Luminescence Properties of Red Long-Lasting Phosphorescence Phosphor AlN: Mn2+,” ECS J. Solid State Sc. 2(7), R117–R120 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, B.

Y. Li, B. Li, C. Ni, S. Yuan, J. Wang, Q. Tang, and Q. Su, “Synthesis, persistent luminescence, and thermoluminescence properties of yellow Sr3SiO5:Eu2+,RE3+ (RE=Ce, Nd, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb) and orange-red Sr3-xBaxSiO5:Eu2+, Dy3+ phosphor,” Chem. Asian J. 9(2), 494–499 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, C.

Q. Su, C. Li, and J. Wang, “Some interesting phenomena in the study of rare earth long lasting phosphors,” Opt. Mater. 36(11), 1894–1900 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, L.

L. Wu, B. Wang, Y. Zhang, L. Li, H. R. Wang, H. Yi, Y. F. Kong, and J. J. Xu, “Structure and photoluminescence properties of a rare-earth free red-emitting Mn2+-activated KMgBO3.,” Dalton Trans. 43(37), 13845–13851 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, P.

P. Li, M. Peng, L. Wondraczek, Y. Zhao, and B. Viana, “Red to near infrared ultralong lasting luminescence from Mn2+-doped sodium gallium aluminum germanate glasses and (Al,Ga)-albite glass-ceramics,” J. Mater. Chem. C 100(14), 3406–3415 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

G. Che, C. Liu, X. Li, Z. Xu, Y. Liu, and H. Wang, “Luminescence properties of a new Mn2+-activated red long-afterglow phosphor,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 69(8), 2091–2095 (2008).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

L. Hu, Q. Wang, X. Wang, Y. Li, Y. Wang, and X. Peng, “Photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence properties of Na2MgGeO4: Mn2+ green phosphors,” RSC Adv. 5(127), 104708 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, B. Li, C. Ni, S. Yuan, J. Wang, Q. Tang, and Q. Su, “Synthesis, persistent luminescence, and thermoluminescence properties of yellow Sr3SiO5:Eu2+,RE3+ (RE=Ce, Nd, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb) and orange-red Sr3-xBaxSiO5:Eu2+, Dy3+ phosphor,” Chem. Asian J. 9(2), 494–499 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liang, Y.

Y. Liang, F. Liu, Y. Chen, K. Sun, and Z. Pan, “Long persistent luminescence in the ultraviolet in Pb2+-doped Sr2MgGe2O7 persistent phosphor,” Dalton Trans. 45(4), 1322–1326 (2016), doi:.
[Crossref]

Lin, J.

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, Y. Fu, G. Ju, Z. Mu, R. Chen, J. Lin, and Z. Wang, “Preparation, Design, and Characterization of the Novel Long Persistent Phosphors: Na2ZnGeO4 and Na2ZnGeO4: Mn2+,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1555–1561 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, L. Chen, Y. Fu, Z. Mu, T. Wang, and J. Lin, “Photoluminescence, reddish orange long persistent luminescence and photostimulated luminescence properties of praseodymium doped CdGeO3 phosphor,” J. Alloys Compd. 616, 159–165 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, C.

G. Che, C. Liu, X. Li, Z. Xu, Y. Liu, and H. Wang, “Luminescence properties of a new Mn2+-activated red long-afterglow phosphor,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 69(8), 2091–2095 (2008).
[Crossref]

Liu, F.

Y. Liang, F. Liu, Y. Chen, K. Sun, and Z. Pan, “Long persistent luminescence in the ultraviolet in Pb2+-doped Sr2MgGe2O7 persistent phosphor,” Dalton Trans. 45(4), 1322–1326 (2016), doi:.
[Crossref]

Z. Pan, Y.-Y. Lu, and F. Liu, “Sunlight-activated long-persistent luminescence in the near-infrared from Cr3+-doped zinc gallogermanates,” Nat. Mater. 11(1), 58–63 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Yan, F. Liu, Y.-Y. Lu, X.-J. Wang, M. Yin, and Z. Pan, “Near infrared long-persistent phosphorescence in La3Ga5GeO14:Cr3+ phosphor,” Opt. Express 18(19), 20215–20221 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, Y.

J. Wang, H. Zhang, Y. Liu, H. Dong, B. Lei, M. Zheng, Y. Xiao, M. Peng, and J. Wang, “Insights into luminescence quenching and detecting trap distribution in Ba2Si5N8: Eu2+ phosphor with comprehensive considerations of temperature-dependent luminescence behaviors,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(37), 9572–9579 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, M. Zheng, B. Lei, Y. Liu, Y. Xiao, H. Dong, Y. Zhang, and S. Ye, “Luminescence Properties of Red Long-Lasting Phosphorescence Phosphor AlN: Mn2+,” ECS J. Solid State Sc. 2(7), R117–R120 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Che, C. Liu, X. Li, Z. Xu, Y. Liu, and H. Wang, “Luminescence properties of a new Mn2+-activated red long-afterglow phosphor,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 69(8), 2091–2095 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lu, Y.-Y.

Z. Pan, Y.-Y. Lu, and F. Liu, “Sunlight-activated long-persistent luminescence in the near-infrared from Cr3+-doped zinc gallogermanates,” Nat. Mater. 11(1), 58–63 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Yan, F. Liu, Y.-Y. Lu, X.-J. Wang, M. Yin, and Z. Pan, “Near infrared long-persistent phosphorescence in La3Ga5GeO14:Cr3+ phosphor,” Opt. Express 18(19), 20215–20221 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Morinaga, K.

M. Iwasaki, D. N. Kim, K. Tanaka, T. Murata, and K. Morinaga, “Red phosphorescence properties of Mn ions in MgO–GeO2 compounds,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 4(2), 137–142 (2003).
[Crossref]

Mu, Z.

Y. Jin, Y. Fu, Y. Hu, L. Chen, G. Ju, and Z. Mu, “The preparation and characterization of a long persistent phosphor Na2Ca3Si2O8: Ce3+,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(7), 1488–1497 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, Y. Fu, G. Ju, Z. Mu, R. Chen, J. Lin, and Z. Wang, “Preparation, Design, and Characterization of the Novel Long Persistent Phosphors: Na2ZnGeO4 and Na2ZnGeO4: Mn2+,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1555–1561 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, L. Chen, Y. Fu, Z. Mu, T. Wang, and J. Lin, “Photoluminescence, reddish orange long persistent luminescence and photostimulated luminescence properties of praseodymium doped CdGeO3 phosphor,” J. Alloys Compd. 616, 159–165 (2014).
[Crossref]

Murata, T.

M. Iwasaki, D. N. Kim, K. Tanaka, T. Murata, and K. Morinaga, “Red phosphorescence properties of Mn ions in MgO–GeO2 compounds,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 4(2), 137–142 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ni, C.

Y. Li, B. Li, C. Ni, S. Yuan, J. Wang, Q. Tang, and Q. Su, “Synthesis, persistent luminescence, and thermoluminescence properties of yellow Sr3SiO5:Eu2+,RE3+ (RE=Ce, Nd, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb) and orange-red Sr3-xBaxSiO5:Eu2+, Dy3+ phosphor,” Chem. Asian J. 9(2), 494–499 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pan, Z.

Y. Liang, F. Liu, Y. Chen, K. Sun, and Z. Pan, “Long persistent luminescence in the ultraviolet in Pb2+-doped Sr2MgGe2O7 persistent phosphor,” Dalton Trans. 45(4), 1322–1326 (2016), doi:.
[Crossref]

Z. Pan, Y.-Y. Lu, and F. Liu, “Sunlight-activated long-persistent luminescence in the near-infrared from Cr3+-doped zinc gallogermanates,” Nat. Mater. 11(1), 58–63 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Yan, F. Liu, Y.-Y. Lu, X.-J. Wang, M. Yin, and Z. Pan, “Near infrared long-persistent phosphorescence in La3Ga5GeO14:Cr3+ phosphor,” Opt. Express 18(19), 20215–20221 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Partlow, W.

W. Partlow and D. Feldman, “Trapping effects in the luminescence of Zn2GeO4: Mn2+,” J. Lumin. 6(1), 11–20 (1973).
[Crossref]

Peng, M.

J. Wang, H. Zhang, Y. Liu, H. Dong, B. Lei, M. Zheng, Y. Xiao, M. Peng, and J. Wang, “Insights into luminescence quenching and detecting trap distribution in Ba2Si5N8: Eu2+ phosphor with comprehensive considerations of temperature-dependent luminescence behaviors,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(37), 9572–9579 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Li, M. Peng, L. Wondraczek, Y. Zhao, and B. Viana, “Red to near infrared ultralong lasting luminescence from Mn2+-doped sodium gallium aluminum germanate glasses and (Al,Ga)-albite glass-ceramics,” J. Mater. Chem. C 100(14), 3406–3415 (2015).
[Crossref]

Peng, X.

L. Hu, Q. Wang, X. Wang, Y. Li, Y. Wang, and X. Peng, “Photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence properties of Na2MgGeO4: Mn2+ green phosphors,” RSC Adv. 5(127), 104708 (2015).
[Crossref]

Poelman, D.

P. F. Smet, J. Botterman, K. Van den Eeckhout, K. Korthout, and D. Poelman, “Persistent luminescence in nitride and oxynitride phosphors: A review,” Opt. Mater. 36(11), 1913–1919 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Van den Eeckhout, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “Persistent luminescence in non-Eu2+-doped compounds: a review,” Materials (Basel) 6(7), 2789–2818 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Van den Eeckhout, P. F. Smet, and D. Poelman, “Persistent luminescence in Eu2+-doped compounds: a review,” Materials (Basel) 3(4), 2536–2566 (2010).
[Crossref]

Qu, B.

B. Qu, B. Zhang, L. Wang, R. Zhou, and X. C. Zeng, “Mechanistic study of the persistent luminescence of CaAl2O4: Eu, Nd,” Chem. Mater. 27(6), 2195–2202 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rodrigues, L. C.

L. C. Rodrigues, J. Hölsä, M. Lastusaari, M. C. Felinto, and H. F. Brito, “Defect to R3+ energy transfer: colour tuning of persistent luminescence in CdSiO3,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2(9), 1612–1618 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shinoda, T.

Smet, P. F.

P. F. Smet, J. Botterman, K. Van den Eeckhout, K. Korthout, and D. Poelman, “Persistent luminescence in nitride and oxynitride phosphors: A review,” Opt. Mater. 36(11), 1913–1919 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Van den Eeckhout, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “Persistent luminescence in non-Eu2+-doped compounds: a review,” Materials (Basel) 6(7), 2789–2818 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Van den Eeckhout, P. F. Smet, and D. Poelman, “Persistent luminescence in Eu2+-doped compounds: a review,” Materials (Basel) 3(4), 2536–2566 (2010).
[Crossref]

Su, Q.

Q. Su, C. Li, and J. Wang, “Some interesting phenomena in the study of rare earth long lasting phosphors,” Opt. Mater. 36(11), 1894–1900 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, B. Li, C. Ni, S. Yuan, J. Wang, Q. Tang, and Q. Su, “Synthesis, persistent luminescence, and thermoluminescence properties of yellow Sr3SiO5:Eu2+,RE3+ (RE=Ce, Nd, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb) and orange-red Sr3-xBaxSiO5:Eu2+, Dy3+ phosphor,” Chem. Asian J. 9(2), 494–499 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, K.

Y. Liang, F. Liu, Y. Chen, K. Sun, and Z. Pan, “Long persistent luminescence in the ultraviolet in Pb2+-doped Sr2MgGe2O7 persistent phosphor,” Dalton Trans. 45(4), 1322–1326 (2016), doi:.
[Crossref]

Tanabe, S.

Y. Zhuang, Y. Katayama, J. Ueda, and S. Tanabe, “A brief review on red to near-infrared persistent luminescence in transition-metal-activated phosphors,” Opt. Mater. 36(11), 1907–1912 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Ueda, T. Shinoda, and S. Tanabe, “Photochromism and near-infrared persistent luminescence in Eu2+-Nd3+-co-doped CaAl2O4 ceramics,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(6), 787–793 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, K.

M. Iwasaki, D. N. Kim, K. Tanaka, T. Murata, and K. Morinaga, “Red phosphorescence properties of Mn ions in MgO–GeO2 compounds,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 4(2), 137–142 (2003).
[Crossref]

Tang, Q.

Y. Li, B. Li, C. Ni, S. Yuan, J. Wang, Q. Tang, and Q. Su, “Synthesis, persistent luminescence, and thermoluminescence properties of yellow Sr3SiO5:Eu2+,RE3+ (RE=Ce, Nd, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb) and orange-red Sr3-xBaxSiO5:Eu2+, Dy3+ phosphor,” Chem. Asian J. 9(2), 494–499 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tauc, J.

J. Tauc, “Optical properties and electronic structure of amorphous Ge and Si,” Mater. Res. Bull. 3(1), 37–46 (1968).
[Crossref]

Ueda, J.

Y. Zhuang, Y. Katayama, J. Ueda, and S. Tanabe, “A brief review on red to near-infrared persistent luminescence in transition-metal-activated phosphors,” Opt. Mater. 36(11), 1907–1912 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Ueda, T. Shinoda, and S. Tanabe, “Photochromism and near-infrared persistent luminescence in Eu2+-Nd3+-co-doped CaAl2O4 ceramics,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(6), 787–793 (2013).
[Crossref]

Van den Eeckhout, K.

P. F. Smet, J. Botterman, K. Van den Eeckhout, K. Korthout, and D. Poelman, “Persistent luminescence in nitride and oxynitride phosphors: A review,” Opt. Mater. 36(11), 1913–1919 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Van den Eeckhout, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “Persistent luminescence in non-Eu2+-doped compounds: a review,” Materials (Basel) 6(7), 2789–2818 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Van den Eeckhout, P. F. Smet, and D. Poelman, “Persistent luminescence in Eu2+-doped compounds: a review,” Materials (Basel) 3(4), 2536–2566 (2010).
[Crossref]

Viana, B.

P. Li, M. Peng, L. Wondraczek, Y. Zhao, and B. Viana, “Red to near infrared ultralong lasting luminescence from Mn2+-doped sodium gallium aluminum germanate glasses and (Al,Ga)-albite glass-ceramics,” J. Mater. Chem. C 100(14), 3406–3415 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, B.

L. Wu, B. Wang, Y. Zhang, L. Li, H. R. Wang, H. Yi, Y. F. Kong, and J. J. Xu, “Structure and photoluminescence properties of a rare-earth free red-emitting Mn2+-activated KMgBO3.,” Dalton Trans. 43(37), 13845–13851 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, H.

G. Che, C. Liu, X. Li, Z. Xu, Y. Liu, and H. Wang, “Luminescence properties of a new Mn2+-activated red long-afterglow phosphor,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 69(8), 2091–2095 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, H. R.

L. Wu, B. Wang, Y. Zhang, L. Li, H. R. Wang, H. Yi, Y. F. Kong, and J. J. Xu, “Structure and photoluminescence properties of a rare-earth free red-emitting Mn2+-activated KMgBO3.,” Dalton Trans. 43(37), 13845–13851 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

J. Wang, H. Zhang, Y. Liu, H. Dong, B. Lei, M. Zheng, Y. Xiao, M. Peng, and J. Wang, “Insights into luminescence quenching and detecting trap distribution in Ba2Si5N8: Eu2+ phosphor with comprehensive considerations of temperature-dependent luminescence behaviors,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(37), 9572–9579 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, H. Zhang, Y. Liu, H. Dong, B. Lei, M. Zheng, Y. Xiao, M. Peng, and J. Wang, “Insights into luminescence quenching and detecting trap distribution in Ba2Si5N8: Eu2+ phosphor with comprehensive considerations of temperature-dependent luminescence behaviors,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(37), 9572–9579 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, B. Li, C. Ni, S. Yuan, J. Wang, Q. Tang, and Q. Su, “Synthesis, persistent luminescence, and thermoluminescence properties of yellow Sr3SiO5:Eu2+,RE3+ (RE=Ce, Nd, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb) and orange-red Sr3-xBaxSiO5:Eu2+, Dy3+ phosphor,” Chem. Asian J. 9(2), 494–499 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Su, C. Li, and J. Wang, “Some interesting phenomena in the study of rare earth long lasting phosphors,” Opt. Mater. 36(11), 1894–1900 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

B. Qu, B. Zhang, L. Wang, R. Zhou, and X. C. Zeng, “Mechanistic study of the persistent luminescence of CaAl2O4: Eu, Nd,” Chem. Mater. 27(6), 2195–2202 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q.

L. Hu, Q. Wang, X. Wang, Y. Li, Y. Wang, and X. Peng, “Photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence properties of Na2MgGeO4: Mn2+ green phosphors,” RSC Adv. 5(127), 104708 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, T.

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, L. Chen, Y. Fu, Z. Mu, T. Wang, and J. Lin, “Photoluminescence, reddish orange long persistent luminescence and photostimulated luminescence properties of praseodymium doped CdGeO3 phosphor,” J. Alloys Compd. 616, 159–165 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

L. Hu, Q. Wang, X. Wang, Y. Li, Y. Wang, and X. Peng, “Photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence properties of Na2MgGeO4: Mn2+ green phosphors,” RSC Adv. 5(127), 104708 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, H. Duan, L. Chen, and X. Wang, “The long persistent luminescence properties of phosphors: Li2ZnGeO4 and Li2ZnGeO4: Mn2+,” RSC Adv. 4(22), 11360–11366 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.-J.

Wang, Y.

L. Hu, Q. Wang, X. Wang, Y. Li, Y. Wang, and X. Peng, “Photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence properties of Na2MgGeO4: Mn2+ green phosphors,” RSC Adv. 5(127), 104708 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, Y. Fu, G. Ju, Z. Mu, R. Chen, J. Lin, and Z. Wang, “Preparation, Design, and Characterization of the Novel Long Persistent Phosphors: Na2ZnGeO4 and Na2ZnGeO4: Mn2+,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1555–1561 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wondraczek, L.

P. Li, M. Peng, L. Wondraczek, Y. Zhao, and B. Viana, “Red to near infrared ultralong lasting luminescence from Mn2+-doped sodium gallium aluminum germanate glasses and (Al,Ga)-albite glass-ceramics,” J. Mater. Chem. C 100(14), 3406–3415 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wu, L.

L. Wu, B. Wang, Y. Zhang, L. Li, H. R. Wang, H. Yi, Y. F. Kong, and J. J. Xu, “Structure and photoluminescence properties of a rare-earth free red-emitting Mn2+-activated KMgBO3.,” Dalton Trans. 43(37), 13845–13851 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xiao, Y.

J. Wang, H. Zhang, Y. Liu, H. Dong, B. Lei, M. Zheng, Y. Xiao, M. Peng, and J. Wang, “Insights into luminescence quenching and detecting trap distribution in Ba2Si5N8: Eu2+ phosphor with comprehensive considerations of temperature-dependent luminescence behaviors,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(37), 9572–9579 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, M. Zheng, B. Lei, Y. Liu, Y. Xiao, H. Dong, Y. Zhang, and S. Ye, “Luminescence Properties of Red Long-Lasting Phosphorescence Phosphor AlN: Mn2+,” ECS J. Solid State Sc. 2(7), R117–R120 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, J. J.

L. Wu, B. Wang, Y. Zhang, L. Li, H. R. Wang, H. Yi, Y. F. Kong, and J. J. Xu, “Structure and photoluminescence properties of a rare-earth free red-emitting Mn2+-activated KMgBO3.,” Dalton Trans. 43(37), 13845–13851 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, Z.

G. Che, C. Liu, X. Li, Z. Xu, Y. Liu, and H. Wang, “Luminescence properties of a new Mn2+-activated red long-afterglow phosphor,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 69(8), 2091–2095 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yan, W.

Ye, S.

H. Zhang, M. Zheng, B. Lei, Y. Liu, Y. Xiao, H. Dong, Y. Zhang, and S. Ye, “Luminescence Properties of Red Long-Lasting Phosphorescence Phosphor AlN: Mn2+,” ECS J. Solid State Sc. 2(7), R117–R120 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yi, H.

L. Wu, B. Wang, Y. Zhang, L. Li, H. R. Wang, H. Yi, Y. F. Kong, and J. J. Xu, “Structure and photoluminescence properties of a rare-earth free red-emitting Mn2+-activated KMgBO3.,” Dalton Trans. 43(37), 13845–13851 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yin, M.

Yuan, S.

Y. Li, B. Li, C. Ni, S. Yuan, J. Wang, Q. Tang, and Q. Su, “Synthesis, persistent luminescence, and thermoluminescence properties of yellow Sr3SiO5:Eu2+,RE3+ (RE=Ce, Nd, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb) and orange-red Sr3-xBaxSiO5:Eu2+, Dy3+ phosphor,” Chem. Asian J. 9(2), 494–499 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zeng, X. C.

B. Qu, B. Zhang, L. Wang, R. Zhou, and X. C. Zeng, “Mechanistic study of the persistent luminescence of CaAl2O4: Eu, Nd,” Chem. Mater. 27(6), 2195–2202 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, B.

B. Qu, B. Zhang, L. Wang, R. Zhou, and X. C. Zeng, “Mechanistic study of the persistent luminescence of CaAl2O4: Eu, Nd,” Chem. Mater. 27(6), 2195–2202 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

J. Wang, H. Zhang, Y. Liu, H. Dong, B. Lei, M. Zheng, Y. Xiao, M. Peng, and J. Wang, “Insights into luminescence quenching and detecting trap distribution in Ba2Si5N8: Eu2+ phosphor with comprehensive considerations of temperature-dependent luminescence behaviors,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(37), 9572–9579 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, M. Zheng, B. Lei, Y. Liu, Y. Xiao, H. Dong, Y. Zhang, and S. Ye, “Luminescence Properties of Red Long-Lasting Phosphorescence Phosphor AlN: Mn2+,” ECS J. Solid State Sc. 2(7), R117–R120 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

L. Wu, B. Wang, Y. Zhang, L. Li, H. R. Wang, H. Yi, Y. F. Kong, and J. J. Xu, “Structure and photoluminescence properties of a rare-earth free red-emitting Mn2+-activated KMgBO3.,” Dalton Trans. 43(37), 13845–13851 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, M. Zheng, B. Lei, Y. Liu, Y. Xiao, H. Dong, Y. Zhang, and S. Ye, “Luminescence Properties of Red Long-Lasting Phosphorescence Phosphor AlN: Mn2+,” ECS J. Solid State Sc. 2(7), R117–R120 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y.

P. Li, M. Peng, L. Wondraczek, Y. Zhao, and B. Viana, “Red to near infrared ultralong lasting luminescence from Mn2+-doped sodium gallium aluminum germanate glasses and (Al,Ga)-albite glass-ceramics,” J. Mater. Chem. C 100(14), 3406–3415 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zheng, M.

J. Wang, H. Zhang, Y. Liu, H. Dong, B. Lei, M. Zheng, Y. Xiao, M. Peng, and J. Wang, “Insights into luminescence quenching and detecting trap distribution in Ba2Si5N8: Eu2+ phosphor with comprehensive considerations of temperature-dependent luminescence behaviors,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(37), 9572–9579 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, M. Zheng, B. Lei, Y. Liu, Y. Xiao, H. Dong, Y. Zhang, and S. Ye, “Luminescence Properties of Red Long-Lasting Phosphorescence Phosphor AlN: Mn2+,” ECS J. Solid State Sc. 2(7), R117–R120 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhou, R.

B. Qu, B. Zhang, L. Wang, R. Zhou, and X. C. Zeng, “Mechanistic study of the persistent luminescence of CaAl2O4: Eu, Nd,” Chem. Mater. 27(6), 2195–2202 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhuang, Y.

Y. Zhuang, Y. Katayama, J. Ueda, and S. Tanabe, “A brief review on red to near-infrared persistent luminescence in transition-metal-activated phosphors,” Opt. Mater. 36(11), 1907–1912 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chem. Asian J. (1)

Y. Li, B. Li, C. Ni, S. Yuan, J. Wang, Q. Tang, and Q. Su, “Synthesis, persistent luminescence, and thermoluminescence properties of yellow Sr3SiO5:Eu2+,RE3+ (RE=Ce, Nd, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb) and orange-red Sr3-xBaxSiO5:Eu2+, Dy3+ phosphor,” Chem. Asian J. 9(2), 494–499 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chem. Mater. (1)

B. Qu, B. Zhang, L. Wang, R. Zhou, and X. C. Zeng, “Mechanistic study of the persistent luminescence of CaAl2O4: Eu, Nd,” Chem. Mater. 27(6), 2195–2202 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dalton Trans. (2)

Y. Liang, F. Liu, Y. Chen, K. Sun, and Z. Pan, “Long persistent luminescence in the ultraviolet in Pb2+-doped Sr2MgGe2O7 persistent phosphor,” Dalton Trans. 45(4), 1322–1326 (2016), doi:.
[Crossref]

L. Wu, B. Wang, Y. Zhang, L. Li, H. R. Wang, H. Yi, Y. F. Kong, and J. J. Xu, “Structure and photoluminescence properties of a rare-earth free red-emitting Mn2+-activated KMgBO3.,” Dalton Trans. 43(37), 13845–13851 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ECS J. Solid State Sc. (1)

H. Zhang, M. Zheng, B. Lei, Y. Liu, Y. Xiao, H. Dong, Y. Zhang, and S. Ye, “Luminescence Properties of Red Long-Lasting Phosphorescence Phosphor AlN: Mn2+,” ECS J. Solid State Sc. 2(7), R117–R120 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Alloys Compd. (1)

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, L. Chen, Y. Fu, Z. Mu, T. Wang, and J. Lin, “Photoluminescence, reddish orange long persistent luminescence and photostimulated luminescence properties of praseodymium doped CdGeO3 phosphor,” J. Alloys Compd. 616, 159–165 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, Y. Fu, G. Ju, Z. Mu, R. Chen, J. Lin, and Z. Wang, “Preparation, Design, and Characterization of the Novel Long Persistent Phosphors: Na2ZnGeO4 and Na2ZnGeO4: Mn2+,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1555–1561 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Lumin. (1)

W. Partlow and D. Feldman, “Trapping effects in the luminescence of Zn2GeO4: Mn2+,” J. Lumin. 6(1), 11–20 (1973).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. C (3)

P. Li, M. Peng, L. Wondraczek, Y. Zhao, and B. Viana, “Red to near infrared ultralong lasting luminescence from Mn2+-doped sodium gallium aluminum germanate glasses and (Al,Ga)-albite glass-ceramics,” J. Mater. Chem. C 100(14), 3406–3415 (2015).
[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 XRD patterns of sample LMG:xMn (x = 0 and 0.001) and that of standard data of Li2MgGeO4 (JCPDS 24-0627) given for comparison.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Diffuse reflectance spectrum of sample LMG and LMGM ; (b) The function of [F(R)hλ] versus photon energy hλ for sample LMG.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) The excitation and emission spectra of sample LMG; (b) The excitation and emission spectra of sample LMGM.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) LPL spectrum of sample LMGM after the removal of UV light source (254 nm); (b) LPL decay curve of sample LMGM.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) TL glow curves of samples LMG and LMGM; (b) TL glow curves of sample LMGM recorded at different delay times; (c) The fitting results for sample LMGM.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Fitted results including Tm, E and b of TL glow curve for sample LMGM.

Equations (3)

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F(R)= (1R) 2R 2
(αhν) n =A(hν E g )
I(T)= s '' n 0 exp( E kT )/ [1+ s '' (b1) β T 0 T exp( E kT )dT ] b/(b1)

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