Abstract

An Er:Yb:KGd(PO3)4 crystal doped with 1.83 at.% Er3+ and 3.98 at.% Yb3+ was grown by the top seeded solution method, and polarized spectroscopic properties of the crystal were investigated at room temperature. Fluorescence lifetimes of the 4I11/2 and 4I13/2 multiplets of Er3+ were measured to be about 1.54 μs and 6.32 ms, respectively. Fluorescence quantum efficiency of the 4I13/2 multiplet of Er3+ and energy transfer efficiency from Yb3+ to Er3+ were estimated to be 60% and 62%, respectively. The results indicate that the spectroscopic properties of the Er:Yb:KGd(PO3)4 crystal related to 1.55 μm laser operation are comparable to those of the commercial Er:Yb:phosphate glass and the crystal is a promising gain medium for the eye-safe 1.55 μm laser.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  31. S. T. Eichhorn, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+: YAG at 300-550 K and their effects on the 1.6 μm laser transitions,” Appl. Phys. B 91(2), 249–256 (2008).
    [Crossref]

2015 (2)

2011 (1)

Y. H. Tsang, D. J. Binks, B. D. O. Richards, and A. Jha, “Spectroscopic and lasing studies of Ce3+:Er3+:Yb3+:YVO4 crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(10), 729–735 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

N. A. Tolstik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. V. Maltsev, and N. I. Leonyuk, “Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4-efficient 1.5 μm laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 357–362 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. Lisiecki, W. Ryba-Romanowski, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Luminescence spectroscopy of Er3+-doped and Er3+, Yb3+-codoped LaPO4 single crystals,” J. Lumin. 129(5), 521–525 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

S. T. Eichhorn, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+: YAG at 300-550 K and their effects on the 1.6 μm laser transitions,” Appl. Phys. B 91(2), 249–256 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (5)

N. A. Tolstik, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. V. Maltsev, O. V. Pilipenko, E. V. Koporulina, and N. I. Leonyuk, “Efficient 1 W continuous-wave diode-pumped Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(22), 3233–3235 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy, continuous-wave and Q-switched diode-pumped laser operation of Er3+, Yb3+: YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 275–278 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. Parreu, R. Solé, J. Massons, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, “Crystal growth and characterization of type III ytterbium-doped KGd(PO3)4: A new nonlinear laser host,” Chem. Mater. 19(11), 2868–2876 (2007).
[Crossref]

I. Parreu, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, X. Mateos, and V. Petrov, “Growth, spectroscopy and laser operation of Yb:KGd(PO(3))(4) single crystals,” Opt. Express 15(5), 2360–2368 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. W. Zhao, X. H. Gong, Y. J. Chen, L. X. Huang, Y. F. Lin, G. Zhang, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+ ions in Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 88(1), 51–55 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2004 (2)

W. You, Y. Lin, Y. Chen, Z. Luo, and Y. Huang, “Growth and spectroscopic properties of Er3+ single doped and Er3+–Yb3+ co-doped YAl3(BO3)4 crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 270(3–4), 481–485 (2004).
[Crossref]

P. A. Burns, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, H. Jiang, and J. Wang, “Optimization of Er, Yb: YCOB for CW laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(11), 1575–1582 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

D. K. Sardar, J. B. Gruber, B. Zandi, J. A. Hutchinson, and C. W. Trussell, “Judd–Ofelt analysis of the Er3+(4f11) absorption intensities in phosphate glass: Er3+, Yb3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(4), 2041–2045 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

G. Karlsson, F. Laurell, J. Tellefsen, B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, and S. Sverchkov, “Development and characterization of Yb-Er laser glass for high average power laser diode pumping,” Appl. Phys. B 75(1), 41–46 (2002).
[Crossref]

P. Wang, J. M. Dawes, P. Burns, J. A. Piper, H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, and X. L. Meng, “Diode-pumped cw tunable Er3+: Yb3+: YCOB laser at 1.5-1.6 μm,” Opt. Mater. 19(3), 383–387 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

J. F. Philipps, T. Töpfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, and R. Sauerbrey, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of Er3+:Yb3+-doped fluoride phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 72(4), 399–405 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, “Erbium-ytterbium microlasers: optical properties and lasing characteristics,” Opt. Mater. 11(2–3), 269–288 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, E. Heumann, T. Jensen, A. Diening, and G. Huber, “CW laser performance of Yb and Er, Yb doped tungstates,” Appl. Phys. B 64(4), 409–413 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (2)

T. Schweizer, T. Jensen, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “spectroscopic properties and diode-pumped 1.6 μm laser performance in Yb-codoped Er:Y3Al5O12 and Er:Y2SIO5,” Opt. Commun. 118(5–6), 557–561 (1995).
[Crossref]

X. Zou and H. Toratani, “Evaluation of spectroscopic properties of Yb3+-doped glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 52(22), 15889–15897 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

1991 (1)

1982 (1)

B. F. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, “Vibronic interactions in Nd:YAG resulting in nonreciprocity of absorption and stimulated emission cross sections,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18(5), 925–930 (1982).
[Crossref]

1964 (1)

D. E. McCumber, “Einstein relations connecting broadband emission and absorption spectra,” Phys. Rev. 136(4A), A954–A957 (1964).
[Crossref]

1962 (2)

G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37(3), 511–520 (1962).
[Crossref]

B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127(3), 750–761 (1962).
[Crossref]

Aguilo, M.

R. Maria Sole, M. Cinta Pujol, J. Massons, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, and A. Brenier, “Growth, anisotropic spectroscopy and laser operation of the monoclinic Nd:KGd(PO3)4 crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.48(49) (2015).

Aguiló, M.

R. Parreu, R. Solé, J. Massons, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, “Crystal growth and characterization of type III ytterbium-doped KGd(PO3)4: A new nonlinear laser host,” Chem. Mater. 19(11), 2868–2876 (2007).
[Crossref]

I. Parreu, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, X. Mateos, and V. Petrov, “Growth, spectroscopy and laser operation of Yb:KGd(PO(3))(4) single crystals,” Opt. Express 15(5), 2360–2368 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aull, B. F.

B. F. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, “Vibronic interactions in Nd:YAG resulting in nonreciprocity of absorption and stimulated emission cross sections,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18(5), 925–930 (1982).
[Crossref]

Bettinelli, M.

R. Lisiecki, W. Ryba-Romanowski, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Luminescence spectroscopy of Er3+-doped and Er3+, Yb3+-codoped LaPO4 single crystals,” J. Lumin. 129(5), 521–525 (2009).
[Crossref]

Binks, D. J.

Y. H. Tsang, D. J. Binks, B. D. O. Richards, and A. Jha, “Spectroscopic and lasing studies of Ce3+:Er3+:Yb3+:YVO4 crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(10), 729–735 (2011).
[Crossref]

Brenier, A.

R. Maria Sole, M. Cinta Pujol, J. Massons, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, and A. Brenier, “Growth, anisotropic spectroscopy and laser operation of the monoclinic Nd:KGd(PO3)4 crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.48(49) (2015).

Burns, P.

P. Wang, J. M. Dawes, P. Burns, J. A. Piper, H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, and X. L. Meng, “Diode-pumped cw tunable Er3+: Yb3+: YCOB laser at 1.5-1.6 μm,” Opt. Mater. 19(3), 383–387 (2002).
[Crossref]

Burns, P. A.

P. A. Burns, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, H. Jiang, and J. Wang, “Optimization of Er, Yb: YCOB for CW laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(11), 1575–1582 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Chen, Y. J.

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, J. H. Huang, X. H. Gong, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Efficient diode-pumped acousto-optic Q-switched Er:Yb:GdAl3(BO3)4 pulse laser at 1522 nm,” Opt. Lett. 40(21), 4927–4930 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. W. Zhao, X. H. Gong, Y. J. Chen, L. X. Huang, Y. F. Lin, G. Zhang, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+ ions in Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 88(1), 51–55 (2007).
[Crossref]

Cinta Pujol, M.

R. Maria Sole, M. Cinta Pujol, J. Massons, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, and A. Brenier, “Growth, anisotropic spectroscopy and laser operation of the monoclinic Nd:KGd(PO3)4 crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.48(49) (2015).

Cusso, F.

A. Muñoz, B. Herreros, G. Lifante, and F. Cusso, “Concentration dependence of the 1.5 μm emission lifetime of Er3+ in LiNbO3 by radiation trapping,” Phys. Status Solidi168(2), 525–530 (1998) (a).
[Crossref]

Dawes, J. M.

P. A. Burns, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, H. Jiang, and J. Wang, “Optimization of Er, Yb: YCOB for CW laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(11), 1575–1582 (2004).
[Crossref]

P. Wang, J. M. Dawes, P. Burns, J. A. Piper, H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, and X. L. Meng, “Diode-pumped cw tunable Er3+: Yb3+: YCOB laser at 1.5-1.6 μm,” Opt. Mater. 19(3), 383–387 (2002).
[Crossref]

Dekker, P.

P. A. Burns, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, H. Jiang, and J. Wang, “Optimization of Er, Yb: YCOB for CW laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(11), 1575–1582 (2004).
[Crossref]

Denker, B.

G. Karlsson, F. Laurell, J. Tellefsen, B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, and S. Sverchkov, “Development and characterization of Yb-Er laser glass for high average power laser diode pumping,” Appl. Phys. B 75(1), 41–46 (2002).
[Crossref]

Diaz, F.

R. Maria Sole, M. Cinta Pujol, J. Massons, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, and A. Brenier, “Growth, anisotropic spectroscopy and laser operation of the monoclinic Nd:KGd(PO3)4 crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.48(49) (2015).

Díaz, F.

R. Parreu, R. Solé, J. Massons, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, “Crystal growth and characterization of type III ytterbium-doped KGd(PO3)4: A new nonlinear laser host,” Chem. Mater. 19(11), 2868–2876 (2007).
[Crossref]

I. Parreu, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, X. Mateos, and V. Petrov, “Growth, spectroscopy and laser operation of Yb:KGd(PO(3))(4) single crystals,” Opt. Express 15(5), 2360–2368 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Diening, A.

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, E. Heumann, T. Jensen, A. Diening, and G. Huber, “CW laser performance of Yb and Er, Yb doped tungstates,” Appl. Phys. B 64(4), 409–413 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

J. F. Philipps, T. Töpfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, and R. Sauerbrey, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of Er3+:Yb3+-doped fluoride phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 72(4), 399–405 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ehrt, D.

J. F. Philipps, T. Töpfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, and R. Sauerbrey, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of Er3+:Yb3+-doped fluoride phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 72(4), 399–405 (2001).
[Crossref]

Eichhorn, S. T.

S. T. Eichhorn, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+: YAG at 300-550 K and their effects on the 1.6 μm laser transitions,” Appl. Phys. B 91(2), 249–256 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fan, T. Y.

Fredrich-Thornton, S. T.

S. T. Eichhorn, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+: YAG at 300-550 K and their effects on the 1.6 μm laser transitions,” Appl. Phys. B 91(2), 249–256 (2008).
[Crossref]

Galagan, B.

G. Karlsson, F. Laurell, J. Tellefsen, B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, and S. Sverchkov, “Development and characterization of Yb-Er laser glass for high average power laser diode pumping,” Appl. Phys. B 75(1), 41–46 (2002).
[Crossref]

Gong, X.

Gong, X. H.

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, J. H. Huang, X. H. Gong, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Efficient diode-pumped acousto-optic Q-switched Er:Yb:GdAl3(BO3)4 pulse laser at 1522 nm,” Opt. Lett. 40(21), 4927–4930 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. W. Zhao, X. H. Gong, Y. J. Chen, L. X. Huang, Y. F. Lin, G. Zhang, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+ ions in Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 88(1), 51–55 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gruber, J. B.

D. K. Sardar, J. B. Gruber, B. Zandi, J. A. Hutchinson, and C. W. Trussell, “Judd–Ofelt analysis of the Er3+(4f11) absorption intensities in phosphate glass: Er3+, Yb3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(4), 2041–2045 (2003).
[Crossref]

Herreros, B.

A. Muñoz, B. Herreros, G. Lifante, and F. Cusso, “Concentration dependence of the 1.5 μm emission lifetime of Er3+ in LiNbO3 by radiation trapping,” Phys. Status Solidi168(2), 525–530 (1998) (a).
[Crossref]

Heumann, E.

S. T. Eichhorn, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+: YAG at 300-550 K and their effects on the 1.6 μm laser transitions,” Appl. Phys. B 91(2), 249–256 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, E. Heumann, T. Jensen, A. Diening, and G. Huber, “CW laser performance of Yb and Er, Yb doped tungstates,” Appl. Phys. B 64(4), 409–413 (1997).
[Crossref]

T. Schweizer, T. Jensen, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “spectroscopic properties and diode-pumped 1.6 μm laser performance in Yb-codoped Er:Y3Al5O12 and Er:Y2SIO5,” Opt. Commun. 118(5–6), 557–561 (1995).
[Crossref]

Huang, J.

Huang, J. H.

Huang, L. X.

Y. W. Zhao, X. H. Gong, Y. J. Chen, L. X. Huang, Y. F. Lin, G. Zhang, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+ ions in Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 88(1), 51–55 (2007).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y.

Huang, Y. D.

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, J. H. Huang, X. H. Gong, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Efficient diode-pumped acousto-optic Q-switched Er:Yb:GdAl3(BO3)4 pulse laser at 1522 nm,” Opt. Lett. 40(21), 4927–4930 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. W. Zhao, X. H. Gong, Y. J. Chen, L. X. Huang, Y. F. Lin, G. Zhang, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+ ions in Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 88(1), 51–55 (2007).
[Crossref]

Huber, G.

S. T. Eichhorn, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+: YAG at 300-550 K and their effects on the 1.6 μm laser transitions,” Appl. Phys. B 91(2), 249–256 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, E. Heumann, T. Jensen, A. Diening, and G. Huber, “CW laser performance of Yb and Er, Yb doped tungstates,” Appl. Phys. B 64(4), 409–413 (1997).
[Crossref]

T. Schweizer, T. Jensen, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “spectroscopic properties and diode-pumped 1.6 μm laser performance in Yb-codoped Er:Y3Al5O12 and Er:Y2SIO5,” Opt. Commun. 118(5–6), 557–561 (1995).
[Crossref]

Hutchinson, J. A.

D. K. Sardar, J. B. Gruber, B. Zandi, J. A. Hutchinson, and C. W. Trussell, “Judd–Ofelt analysis of the Er3+(4f11) absorption intensities in phosphate glass: Er3+, Yb3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(4), 2041–2045 (2003).
[Crossref]

Jensen, T.

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, E. Heumann, T. Jensen, A. Diening, and G. Huber, “CW laser performance of Yb and Er, Yb doped tungstates,” Appl. Phys. B 64(4), 409–413 (1997).
[Crossref]

T. Schweizer, T. Jensen, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “spectroscopic properties and diode-pumped 1.6 μm laser performance in Yb-codoped Er:Y3Al5O12 and Er:Y2SIO5,” Opt. Commun. 118(5–6), 557–561 (1995).
[Crossref]

Jenssen, H. P.

B. F. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, “Vibronic interactions in Nd:YAG resulting in nonreciprocity of absorption and stimulated emission cross sections,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18(5), 925–930 (1982).
[Crossref]

Jha, A.

Y. H. Tsang, D. J. Binks, B. D. O. Richards, and A. Jha, “Spectroscopic and lasing studies of Ce3+:Er3+:Yb3+:YVO4 crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(10), 729–735 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jiang, H.

P. A. Burns, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, H. Jiang, and J. Wang, “Optimization of Er, Yb: YCOB for CW laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(11), 1575–1582 (2004).
[Crossref]

Judd, B. R.

B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127(3), 750–761 (1962).
[Crossref]

Karlsson, G.

G. Karlsson, F. Laurell, J. Tellefsen, B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, and S. Sverchkov, “Development and characterization of Yb-Er laser glass for high average power laser diode pumping,” Appl. Phys. B 75(1), 41–46 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kisel, V. E.

N. A. Tolstik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. V. Maltsev, and N. I. Leonyuk, “Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4-efficient 1.5 μm laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 357–362 (2009).
[Crossref]

N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy, continuous-wave and Q-switched diode-pumped laser operation of Er3+, Yb3+: YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 275–278 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. A. Tolstik, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. V. Maltsev, O. V. Pilipenko, E. V. Koporulina, and N. I. Leonyuk, “Efficient 1 W continuous-wave diode-pumped Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(22), 3233–3235 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koporulina, E. V.

Kuleshov, N. V.

N. A. Tolstik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. V. Maltsev, and N. I. Leonyuk, “Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4-efficient 1.5 μm laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 357–362 (2009).
[Crossref]

N. A. Tolstik, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. V. Maltsev, O. V. Pilipenko, E. V. Koporulina, and N. I. Leonyuk, “Efficient 1 W continuous-wave diode-pumped Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(22), 3233–3235 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy, continuous-wave and Q-switched diode-pumped laser operation of Er3+, Yb3+: YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 275–278 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, E. Heumann, T. Jensen, A. Diening, and G. Huber, “CW laser performance of Yb and Er, Yb doped tungstates,” Appl. Phys. B 64(4), 409–413 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kupchenko, M. I.

N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy, continuous-wave and Q-switched diode-pumped laser operation of Er3+, Yb3+: YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 275–278 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kurilchik, S. V.

N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy, continuous-wave and Q-switched diode-pumped laser operation of Er3+, Yb3+: YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 275–278 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. A. Tolstik, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. V. Maltsev, O. V. Pilipenko, E. V. Koporulina, and N. I. Leonyuk, “Efficient 1 W continuous-wave diode-pumped Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(22), 3233–3235 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lagatsky, A. A.

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, E. Heumann, T. Jensen, A. Diening, and G. Huber, “CW laser performance of Yb and Er, Yb doped tungstates,” Appl. Phys. B 64(4), 409–413 (1997).
[Crossref]

Laporta, P.

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, “Erbium-ytterbium microlasers: optical properties and lasing characteristics,” Opt. Mater. 11(2–3), 269–288 (1999).
[Crossref]

Laurell, F.

G. Karlsson, F. Laurell, J. Tellefsen, B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, and S. Sverchkov, “Development and characterization of Yb-Er laser glass for high average power laser diode pumping,” Appl. Phys. B 75(1), 41–46 (2002).
[Crossref]

Leonyuk, N. I.

Liao, Y.

Lifante, G.

A. Muñoz, B. Herreros, G. Lifante, and F. Cusso, “Concentration dependence of the 1.5 μm emission lifetime of Er3+ in LiNbO3 by radiation trapping,” Phys. Status Solidi168(2), 525–530 (1998) (a).
[Crossref]

Lin, Y.

Lin, Y. F.

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, J. H. Huang, X. H. Gong, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Efficient diode-pumped acousto-optic Q-switched Er:Yb:GdAl3(BO3)4 pulse laser at 1522 nm,” Opt. Lett. 40(21), 4927–4930 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. W. Zhao, X. H. Gong, Y. J. Chen, L. X. Huang, Y. F. Lin, G. Zhang, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+ ions in Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 88(1), 51–55 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lisiecki, R.

R. Lisiecki, W. Ryba-Romanowski, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Luminescence spectroscopy of Er3+-doped and Er3+, Yb3+-codoped LaPO4 single crystals,” J. Lumin. 129(5), 521–525 (2009).
[Crossref]

Longhi, S.

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, “Erbium-ytterbium microlasers: optical properties and lasing characteristics,” Opt. Mater. 11(2–3), 269–288 (1999).
[Crossref]

Luo, Z.

Luo, Z. D.

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, J. H. Huang, X. H. Gong, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Efficient diode-pumped acousto-optic Q-switched Er:Yb:GdAl3(BO3)4 pulse laser at 1522 nm,” Opt. Lett. 40(21), 4927–4930 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. W. Zhao, X. H. Gong, Y. J. Chen, L. X. Huang, Y. F. Lin, G. Zhang, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+ ions in Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 88(1), 51–55 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ma, E.

Maltsev, V. V.

Maria Sole, R.

R. Maria Sole, M. Cinta Pujol, J. Massons, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, and A. Brenier, “Growth, anisotropic spectroscopy and laser operation of the monoclinic Nd:KGd(PO3)4 crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.48(49) (2015).

Massons, J.

R. Parreu, R. Solé, J. Massons, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, “Crystal growth and characterization of type III ytterbium-doped KGd(PO3)4: A new nonlinear laser host,” Chem. Mater. 19(11), 2868–2876 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. Maria Sole, M. Cinta Pujol, J. Massons, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, and A. Brenier, “Growth, anisotropic spectroscopy and laser operation of the monoclinic Nd:KGd(PO3)4 crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.48(49) (2015).

Mateos, X.

Matrosov, V. N.

N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy, continuous-wave and Q-switched diode-pumped laser operation of Er3+, Yb3+: YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 275–278 (2007).
[Crossref]

Matrosova, T. A.

N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy, continuous-wave and Q-switched diode-pumped laser operation of Er3+, Yb3+: YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 275–278 (2007).
[Crossref]

McCumber, D. E.

D. E. McCumber, “Einstein relations connecting broadband emission and absorption spectra,” Phys. Rev. 136(4A), A954–A957 (1964).
[Crossref]

McGrath, A. J.

Meng, X. L.

P. Wang, J. M. Dawes, P. Burns, J. A. Piper, H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, and X. L. Meng, “Diode-pumped cw tunable Er3+: Yb3+: YCOB laser at 1.5-1.6 μm,” Opt. Mater. 19(3), 383–387 (2002).
[Crossref]

Mikhailov, V. P.

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, E. Heumann, T. Jensen, A. Diening, and G. Huber, “CW laser performance of Yb and Er, Yb doped tungstates,” Appl. Phys. B 64(4), 409–413 (1997).
[Crossref]

Miniscalco, W. J.

Munch, J.

Muñoz, A.

A. Muñoz, B. Herreros, G. Lifante, and F. Cusso, “Concentration dependence of the 1.5 μm emission lifetime of Er3+ in LiNbO3 by radiation trapping,” Phys. Status Solidi168(2), 525–530 (1998) (a).
[Crossref]

Ofelt, G. S.

G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37(3), 511–520 (1962).
[Crossref]

Osiko, V.

G. Karlsson, F. Laurell, J. Tellefsen, B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, and S. Sverchkov, “Development and characterization of Yb-Er laser glass for high average power laser diode pumping,” Appl. Phys. B 75(1), 41–46 (2002).
[Crossref]

Parreu, I.

Parreu, R.

R. Parreu, R. Solé, J. Massons, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, “Crystal growth and characterization of type III ytterbium-doped KGd(PO3)4: A new nonlinear laser host,” Chem. Mater. 19(11), 2868–2876 (2007).
[Crossref]

Petrov, V.

Philipps, J. F.

J. F. Philipps, T. Töpfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, and R. Sauerbrey, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of Er3+:Yb3+-doped fluoride phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 72(4), 399–405 (2001).
[Crossref]

Pilipenko, O. V.

Piper, J. A.

P. A. Burns, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, H. Jiang, and J. Wang, “Optimization of Er, Yb: YCOB for CW laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(11), 1575–1582 (2004).
[Crossref]

P. Wang, J. M. Dawes, P. Burns, J. A. Piper, H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, and X. L. Meng, “Diode-pumped cw tunable Er3+: Yb3+: YCOB laser at 1.5-1.6 μm,” Opt. Mater. 19(3), 383–387 (2002).
[Crossref]

Pujol, M. C.

Quimby, R. S.

Richards, B. D. O.

Y. H. Tsang, D. J. Binks, B. D. O. Richards, and A. Jha, “Spectroscopic and lasing studies of Ce3+:Er3+:Yb3+:YVO4 crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(10), 729–735 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ryba-Romanowski, W.

R. Lisiecki, W. Ryba-Romanowski, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Luminescence spectroscopy of Er3+-doped and Er3+, Yb3+-codoped LaPO4 single crystals,” J. Lumin. 129(5), 521–525 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sardar, D. K.

D. K. Sardar, J. B. Gruber, B. Zandi, J. A. Hutchinson, and C. W. Trussell, “Judd–Ofelt analysis of the Er3+(4f11) absorption intensities in phosphate glass: Er3+, Yb3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(4), 2041–2045 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sauerbrey, R.

J. F. Philipps, T. Töpfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, and R. Sauerbrey, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of Er3+:Yb3+-doped fluoride phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 72(4), 399–405 (2001).
[Crossref]

Schweizer, T.

T. Schweizer, T. Jensen, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “spectroscopic properties and diode-pumped 1.6 μm laser performance in Yb-codoped Er:Y3Al5O12 and Er:Y2SIO5,” Opt. Commun. 118(5–6), 557–561 (1995).
[Crossref]

Shcherbitsky, V. G.

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, E. Heumann, T. Jensen, A. Diening, and G. Huber, “CW laser performance of Yb and Er, Yb doped tungstates,” Appl. Phys. B 64(4), 409–413 (1997).
[Crossref]

Smith, G.

Solé, R.

R. Parreu, R. Solé, J. Massons, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, “Crystal growth and characterization of type III ytterbium-doped KGd(PO3)4: A new nonlinear laser host,” Chem. Mater. 19(11), 2868–2876 (2007).
[Crossref]

Speghini, A.

R. Lisiecki, W. Ryba-Romanowski, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Luminescence spectroscopy of Er3+-doped and Er3+, Yb3+-codoped LaPO4 single crystals,” J. Lumin. 129(5), 521–525 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sumida, D. S.

Svelto, C.

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, “Erbium-ytterbium microlasers: optical properties and lasing characteristics,” Opt. Mater. 11(2–3), 269–288 (1999).
[Crossref]

Svelto, O.

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, “Erbium-ytterbium microlasers: optical properties and lasing characteristics,” Opt. Mater. 11(2–3), 269–288 (1999).
[Crossref]

Sverchkov, S.

G. Karlsson, F. Laurell, J. Tellefsen, B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, and S. Sverchkov, “Development and characterization of Yb-Er laser glass for high average power laser diode pumping,” Appl. Phys. B 75(1), 41–46 (2002).
[Crossref]

Taccheo, S.

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, “Erbium-ytterbium microlasers: optical properties and lasing characteristics,” Opt. Mater. 11(2–3), 269–288 (1999).
[Crossref]

Tan, Q.

Tan, Q. G.

Y. W. Zhao, X. H. Gong, Y. J. Chen, L. X. Huang, Y. F. Lin, G. Zhang, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+ ions in Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 88(1), 51–55 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tellefsen, J.

G. Karlsson, F. Laurell, J. Tellefsen, B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, and S. Sverchkov, “Development and characterization of Yb-Er laser glass for high average power laser diode pumping,” Appl. Phys. B 75(1), 41–46 (2002).
[Crossref]

Tolstik, N. A.

N. A. Tolstik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. V. Maltsev, and N. I. Leonyuk, “Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4-efficient 1.5 μm laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 357–362 (2009).
[Crossref]

N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy, continuous-wave and Q-switched diode-pumped laser operation of Er3+, Yb3+: YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 275–278 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. A. Tolstik, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. V. Maltsev, O. V. Pilipenko, E. V. Koporulina, and N. I. Leonyuk, “Efficient 1 W continuous-wave diode-pumped Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(22), 3233–3235 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Töpfer, T.

J. F. Philipps, T. Töpfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, and R. Sauerbrey, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of Er3+:Yb3+-doped fluoride phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 72(4), 399–405 (2001).
[Crossref]

Toratani, H.

X. Zou and H. Toratani, “Evaluation of spectroscopic properties of Yb3+-doped glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 52(22), 15889–15897 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Troshin, A. E.

N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy, continuous-wave and Q-switched diode-pumped laser operation of Er3+, Yb3+: YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 275–278 (2007).
[Crossref]

Trussell, C. W.

D. K. Sardar, J. B. Gruber, B. Zandi, J. A. Hutchinson, and C. W. Trussell, “Judd–Ofelt analysis of the Er3+(4f11) absorption intensities in phosphate glass: Er3+, Yb3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(4), 2041–2045 (2003).
[Crossref]

Tsang, Y. H.

Y. H. Tsang, D. J. Binks, B. D. O. Richards, and A. Jha, “Spectroscopic and lasing studies of Ce3+:Er3+:Yb3+:YVO4 crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(10), 729–735 (2011).
[Crossref]

Veitch, P.

Wang, J.

P. A. Burns, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, H. Jiang, and J. Wang, “Optimization of Er, Yb: YCOB for CW laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(11), 1575–1582 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wang, P.

P. Wang, J. M. Dawes, P. Burns, J. A. Piper, H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, and X. L. Meng, “Diode-pumped cw tunable Er3+: Yb3+: YCOB laser at 1.5-1.6 μm,” Opt. Mater. 19(3), 383–387 (2002).
[Crossref]

You, W.

W. You, Y. Lin, Y. Chen, Z. Luo, and Y. Huang, “Growth and spectroscopic properties of Er3+ single doped and Er3+–Yb3+ co-doped YAl3(BO3)4 crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 270(3–4), 481–485 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zandi, B.

D. K. Sardar, J. B. Gruber, B. Zandi, J. A. Hutchinson, and C. W. Trussell, “Judd–Ofelt analysis of the Er3+(4f11) absorption intensities in phosphate glass: Er3+, Yb3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(4), 2041–2045 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zhang, G.

Y. W. Zhao, X. H. Gong, Y. J. Chen, L. X. Huang, Y. F. Lin, G. Zhang, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+ ions in Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 88(1), 51–55 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H. J.

P. Wang, J. M. Dawes, P. Burns, J. A. Piper, H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, and X. L. Meng, “Diode-pumped cw tunable Er3+: Yb3+: YCOB laser at 1.5-1.6 μm,” Opt. Mater. 19(3), 383–387 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y. W.

Y. W. Zhao, X. H. Gong, Y. J. Chen, L. X. Huang, Y. F. Lin, G. Zhang, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+ ions in Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 88(1), 51–55 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhu, L.

P. Wang, J. M. Dawes, P. Burns, J. A. Piper, H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, and X. L. Meng, “Diode-pumped cw tunable Er3+: Yb3+: YCOB laser at 1.5-1.6 μm,” Opt. Mater. 19(3), 383–387 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zou, X.

X. Zou and H. Toratani, “Evaluation of spectroscopic properties of Yb3+-doped glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 52(22), 15889–15897 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (7)

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, E. Heumann, T. Jensen, A. Diening, and G. Huber, “CW laser performance of Yb and Er, Yb doped tungstates,” Appl. Phys. B 64(4), 409–413 (1997).
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N. A. Tolstik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. V. Maltsev, and N. I. Leonyuk, “Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4-efficient 1.5 μm laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 357–362 (2009).
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Y. W. Zhao, X. H. Gong, Y. J. Chen, L. X. Huang, Y. F. Lin, G. Zhang, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+ ions in Li6Y(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 88(1), 51–55 (2007).
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J. F. Philipps, T. Töpfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, and R. Sauerbrey, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of Er3+:Yb3+-doped fluoride phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 72(4), 399–405 (2001).
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G. Karlsson, F. Laurell, J. Tellefsen, B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, and S. Sverchkov, “Development and characterization of Yb-Er laser glass for high average power laser diode pumping,” Appl. Phys. B 75(1), 41–46 (2002).
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N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy, continuous-wave and Q-switched diode-pumped laser operation of Er3+, Yb3+: YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 275–278 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. T. Eichhorn, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+: YAG at 300-550 K and their effects on the 1.6 μm laser transitions,” Appl. Phys. B 91(2), 249–256 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chem. Mater. (1)

R. Parreu, R. Solé, J. Massons, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, “Crystal growth and characterization of type III ytterbium-doped KGd(PO3)4: A new nonlinear laser host,” Chem. Mater. 19(11), 2868–2876 (2007).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

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P. A. Burns, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, H. Jiang, and J. Wang, “Optimization of Er, Yb: YCOB for CW laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(11), 1575–1582 (2004).
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J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. K. Sardar, J. B. Gruber, B. Zandi, J. A. Hutchinson, and C. W. Trussell, “Judd–Ofelt analysis of the Er3+(4f11) absorption intensities in phosphate glass: Er3+, Yb3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(4), 2041–2045 (2003).
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J. Cryst. Growth (1)

W. You, Y. Lin, Y. Chen, Z. Luo, and Y. Huang, “Growth and spectroscopic properties of Er3+ single doped and Er3+–Yb3+ co-doped YAl3(BO3)4 crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 270(3–4), 481–485 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Lumin. (1)

R. Lisiecki, W. Ryba-Romanowski, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Luminescence spectroscopy of Er3+-doped and Er3+, Yb3+-codoped LaPO4 single crystals,” J. Lumin. 129(5), 521–525 (2009).
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J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. H. Tsang, D. J. Binks, B. D. O. Richards, and A. Jha, “Spectroscopic and lasing studies of Ce3+:Er3+:Yb3+:YVO4 crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(10), 729–735 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. Schweizer, T. Jensen, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “spectroscopic properties and diode-pumped 1.6 μm laser performance in Yb-codoped Er:Y3Al5O12 and Er:Y2SIO5,” Opt. Commun. 118(5–6), 557–561 (1995).
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Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Mater. (2)

P. Wang, J. M. Dawes, P. Burns, J. A. Piper, H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, and X. L. Meng, “Diode-pumped cw tunable Er3+: Yb3+: YCOB laser at 1.5-1.6 μm,” Opt. Mater. 19(3), 383–387 (2002).
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P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, “Erbium-ytterbium microlasers: optical properties and lasing characteristics,” Opt. Mater. 11(2–3), 269–288 (1999).
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Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter (1)

X. Zou and H. Toratani, “Evaluation of spectroscopic properties of Yb3+-doped glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 52(22), 15889–15897 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

R. Maria Sole, M. Cinta Pujol, J. Massons, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, and A. Brenier, “Growth, anisotropic spectroscopy and laser operation of the monoclinic Nd:KGd(PO3)4 crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.48(49) (2015).

A. Muñoz, B. Herreros, G. Lifante, and F. Cusso, “Concentration dependence of the 1.5 μm emission lifetime of Er3+ in LiNbO3 by radiation trapping,” Phys. Status Solidi168(2), 525–530 (1998) (a).
[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Photograph of the Er:Yb:KGP crystal sample.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) RT polarized absorption spectra of the Er:Yb:KGP crystal in a range from 280 to 1700nm. (b) RT polarized absorption cross-section spectra of the Er:Yb:KGP crystal from 900 to 1050 nm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) RT polarized emission cross-section spectra of the 4I13/24I15/2 transition of Er3+ in the Er:Yb:KGP crystal calculated by the F-L formula. (b) Comparison of emission cross-section spectra of the 4I13/24I15/2 transition of Er3+ in the Er:Yb:KGP crystal for E//Y polarization calculated by the RM and the F-L formula, respectively.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Gain curves of the 4I13/24I15/2 transition of Er3+ in the Er:Yb:KGP crystal for E//Y polarization with different β.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) RT fluorescence decay curves of the 4I13/2 multiplet of the Er:Yb:KGP bulk and powder samples. (b) RT fluorescence decay curve of the 4I13/2 multiplet of the Er:KGP crystal powder sample. (c) RT fluorescence decay curve of the 4I11/2 multiplet of the Er:KGP crystal powder sample

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Comparison of some spectroscopic parameters of the Er3+ and Yb3+ co-doped crystals and glass related to the 1.55 μm laser.

Equations (1)

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σ g ( λ )=β σ em ( λ )( 1β ) σ abs ( λ )

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