Abstract

The spectroscopic properties (SPs) of bismuth glasses are strongly influenced by the preparation conditions. Here, we studied the effects of melting temperature and concentration ratio of Bi2O3 to SiO2 on the SPs of Er3+ doped Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 bismuth glasses. We have shown that the low melting temperature is preferable to achieve large and broad gain of Er3+ ions. When melted at high temperatures, however, the glasses get darkened which is against the application of these materials for optical fiber amplifiers. On the other hand, we have also shown that a compromise has to be made between the laser gain and threshold regarding the optimum concentration ratio of Bi2O3 to SiO2. Theoretical radiative transition rate and quantum efficiency of the 1.55 μm emission of Er3+ have been obtained by Judd-Ofelt (JO) fitting. The variation of the JO parameters characterizing the local chemical environments around Er3+ can be explained based on the concept of optical basicity.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. Tanabe, N. Sugimoto, S. Ito, and T. Hanada, “Broad-band 1.5 µm emission of Er3+ ions in bismuth-based oxide glasses for potential WDM amplifier,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 670–672 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  2. A. Jha, S. Shen, and M. Naftaly, “Structural origin of spectral broadening of 1.5-μm emission in Er3+-doped tellurite glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 62(10), 6215–6227 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  3. A. Jha, B. Richards, G. Jose, T. T. Fernandez, P. Joshi, X. Jiang, and J. Lousteau, “Rare-earth ion doped TeO2 and GeO2 glasses as laser materials,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 57(8), 1426–1491 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  4. S. Ohara and N. Sugimoto, “Bi2O3-based erbium-doped fiber laser with a tunable range over 130 nm,” Opt. Lett. 33(11), 1201–1203 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. Z. Yang, Q. Zhang, and Z. Jiang, “Photo-induced refractive index change of bismuth-based silicate glass,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 38(9), 1461–1463 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  6. W. Shen, J. Ren, S. Baccaro, A. Cemmi, and G. Chen, “Broadband infrared luminescence in γ-ray irradiated bismuth borosilicate glasses,” Opt. Lett. 38(4), 516–518 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High-power fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 861–867 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  8. O. Sanz, E. Haro-Poniatowski, J. Gonzalo, and J. M. Fernandez Navarro, “Influence of the melting conditions of heavy metal oxide glasses containing bismuth oxide on their optical absorption,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(8), 761–768 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  9. Y. Zhang, Y. Yang, J. Zheng, W. Hua, and G. Chen, “Effects of Oxidizing Additives on Optical Properties of Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 Glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(10), 3410–3412 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  10. G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  11. J. Ren, B. Li, G. Yang, W. Xu, Z. Zhang, M. Secu, V. Bercu, H. Zeng, and G. Chen, “Broadband near-infrared emission of chromium-doped sulfide glass-ceramics containing Ga2S3 nanocrystals,” Opt. Lett. 37(24), 5043–5045 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. A. D. Guzman-Chavez, Y. O. Barmenkov, and A. V. Kir’yanov, “Spectral dependence of the excited-state absorption of erbium in silica fiber within the 1.48–1.59 m range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 191111 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  13. A. V. Kir’yanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, and A. D. Guzman-Chavez, “Er3+ excited-state absorption in an Erbium-doped silica fiber at the wavelengths 1490–1580 and 978 nm,” Laser Phys. 18(11), 1251–1256 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  14. A. V. Kir’yanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, G. E. Romero, and L. E. Zarate, “Concentration effects in commercial erbium-doped silica fibers fabricated through the MCVD and DND technologies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(6), 511–521 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  15. S. Dai, T. Xu, Q. Nie, X. Shen, and X. Wang, “Investigation of concentration quenching in Er3+:Bi2O3–B2O3–SiO2 glasses,” Phys. Lett. A 359(4), 330–333 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  16. X. Wang, Q. Nie, T. Xu, S. Dai, X. Shen, and L. Liu, “Optical spectroscopy and energy transfer of Er3+ /Ce3+ in B2O3-doped bismuth-silicate glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(4), 972–978 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  17. J. Yang, S. Dai, N. Dai, S. Xu, L. Wen, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Effect of Bi2O3 on the spectroscopic properties of erbium-doped bismuth silicate glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20(5), 810–815 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  18. J. Yang, S. Dai, Y. Zhou, L. Wen, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Spectroscopic properties and thermal stability of erbium-doped bismuth-based glass for optical amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(2), 977–983 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  19. X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, “Hydroxyl groups in erbium-doped germanotellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 281(1–3), 48–54 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  20. H. Sun, J. Zhou, and J. Qiu, “Recent advances in bismuth activated photonic materials,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 64, 1–72 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  21. V. L. Stolyarova, A. L. Shilov, S. I. Lopatin, and S. M. Shugurov, “High-temperature mass spectrometric study and modeling of thermodynamic properties of binary glass-forming systems containing Bi2O3.,” Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 28(7), 801–810 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. Y. Xia, T. Tang, C. Chen, M. Jin, and M. Chen, “Preparation of α-Bi2O3 from bismuth powders through low-temperature oxidation,” Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China 22(9), 2289–2294 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  23. V. Dimitrova and T. Komatsu, “Optical basicity and chemical bonding of Bi2O3 containing glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 382, 18–23 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  24. X. Zhu, C. Mai, and M. Li, “Effects of B2O3 content variation on the Bi ions in Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 glass structure,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 388, 55–61 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  25. S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, N. Soga, and T. Hanada, “Compositional dependence of Judd-Ofelt parameters of Er3+ ions in alkali-metal borate glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 46(6), 3305–3310 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. J. Ren, T. Wagner, M. Bartos, M. Frumar, J. Oswald, M. Kincl, B. Frumarova, and G. Chen, “Intense near-infrared and midinfrared luminescence from the Dy3+-doped GeSe2-Ga2Se3-MI (M=K, Cs, Ag) chalcohalide glasses at 1.32, 1.73, and 2.67 μm,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(3), 033105 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  27. S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, S. Todoroki, T. Hanada, and N. Soga, “Relation between the Ω6 intensity parameter of Er3+ ions and the 151Eu isomer shift in oxide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 73(12), 8451–8454 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  28. M. Wachtler, A. Speghini, K. Gatterer, H. P. Fritzer, D. Ajo, and M. Bettinelli, “Optical properties of rare-earth ions in lead germanate glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 81(8), 2045–2052 (1998).
    [Crossref]

2014 (3)

H. Sun, J. Zhou, and J. Qiu, “Recent advances in bismuth activated photonic materials,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 64, 1–72 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. L. Stolyarova, A. L. Shilov, S. I. Lopatin, and S. M. Shugurov, “High-temperature mass spectrometric study and modeling of thermodynamic properties of binary glass-forming systems containing Bi2O3.,” Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 28(7), 801–810 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhu, C. Mai, and M. Li, “Effects of B2O3 content variation on the Bi ions in Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 glass structure,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 388, 55–61 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

V. Dimitrova and T. Komatsu, “Optical basicity and chemical bonding of Bi2O3 containing glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 382, 18–23 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Shen, J. Ren, S. Baccaro, A. Cemmi, and G. Chen, “Broadband infrared luminescence in γ-ray irradiated bismuth borosilicate glasses,” Opt. Lett. 38(4), 516–518 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High-power fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 861–867 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. V. Kir’yanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, G. E. Romero, and L. E. Zarate, “Concentration effects in commercial erbium-doped silica fibers fabricated through the MCVD and DND technologies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(6), 511–521 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

J. Ren, B. Li, G. Yang, W. Xu, Z. Zhang, M. Secu, V. Bercu, H. Zeng, and G. Chen, “Broadband near-infrared emission of chromium-doped sulfide glass-ceramics containing Ga2S3 nanocrystals,” Opt. Lett. 37(24), 5043–5045 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Jha, B. Richards, G. Jose, T. T. Fernandez, P. Joshi, X. Jiang, and J. Lousteau, “Rare-earth ion doped TeO2 and GeO2 glasses as laser materials,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 57(8), 1426–1491 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Xia, T. Tang, C. Chen, M. Jin, and M. Chen, “Preparation of α-Bi2O3 from bismuth powders through low-temperature oxidation,” Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China 22(9), 2289–2294 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

J. Ren, T. Wagner, M. Bartos, M. Frumar, J. Oswald, M. Kincl, B. Frumarova, and G. Chen, “Intense near-infrared and midinfrared luminescence from the Dy3+-doped GeSe2-Ga2Se3-MI (M=K, Cs, Ag) chalcohalide glasses at 1.32, 1.73, and 2.67 μm,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(3), 033105 (2011).
[Crossref]

2008 (4)

S. Ohara and N. Sugimoto, “Bi2O3-based erbium-doped fiber laser with a tunable range over 130 nm,” Opt. Lett. 33(11), 1201–1203 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, Y. Yang, J. Zheng, W. Hua, and G. Chen, “Effects of Oxidizing Additives on Optical Properties of Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 Glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(10), 3410–3412 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. D. Guzman-Chavez, Y. O. Barmenkov, and A. V. Kir’yanov, “Spectral dependence of the excited-state absorption of erbium in silica fiber within the 1.48–1.59 m range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 191111 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. V. Kir’yanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, and A. D. Guzman-Chavez, “Er3+ excited-state absorption in an Erbium-doped silica fiber at the wavelengths 1490–1580 and 978 nm,” Laser Phys. 18(11), 1251–1256 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

X. Wang, Q. Nie, T. Xu, S. Dai, X. Shen, and L. Liu, “Optical spectroscopy and energy transfer of Er3+ /Ce3+ in B2O3-doped bismuth-silicate glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(4), 972–978 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

O. Sanz, E. Haro-Poniatowski, J. Gonzalo, and J. M. Fernandez Navarro, “Influence of the melting conditions of heavy metal oxide glasses containing bismuth oxide on their optical absorption,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(8), 761–768 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Dai, T. Xu, Q. Nie, X. Shen, and X. Wang, “Investigation of concentration quenching in Er3+:Bi2O3–B2O3–SiO2 glasses,” Phys. Lett. A 359(4), 330–333 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

Z. Yang, Q. Zhang, and Z. Jiang, “Photo-induced refractive index change of bismuth-based silicate glass,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 38(9), 1461–1463 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

J. Yang, S. Dai, N. Dai, S. Xu, L. Wen, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Effect of Bi2O3 on the spectroscopic properties of erbium-doped bismuth silicate glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20(5), 810–815 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Yang, S. Dai, Y. Zhou, L. Wen, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Spectroscopic properties and thermal stability of erbium-doped bismuth-based glass for optical amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(2), 977–983 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, “Hydroxyl groups in erbium-doped germanotellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 281(1–3), 48–54 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

S. Tanabe, N. Sugimoto, S. Ito, and T. Hanada, “Broad-band 1.5 µm emission of Er3+ ions in bismuth-based oxide glasses for potential WDM amplifier,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 670–672 (2000).
[Crossref]

A. Jha, S. Shen, and M. Naftaly, “Structural origin of spectral broadening of 1.5-μm emission in Er3+-doped tellurite glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 62(10), 6215–6227 (2000).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

M. Wachtler, A. Speghini, K. Gatterer, H. P. Fritzer, D. Ajo, and M. Bettinelli, “Optical properties of rare-earth ions in lead germanate glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 81(8), 2045–2052 (1998).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, S. Todoroki, T. Hanada, and N. Soga, “Relation between the Ω6 intensity parameter of Er3+ ions and the 151Eu isomer shift in oxide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 73(12), 8451–8454 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, N. Soga, and T. Hanada, “Compositional dependence of Judd-Ofelt parameters of Er3+ ions in alkali-metal borate glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 46(6), 3305–3310 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ajo, D.

M. Wachtler, A. Speghini, K. Gatterer, H. P. Fritzer, D. Ajo, and M. Bettinelli, “Optical properties of rare-earth ions in lead germanate glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 81(8), 2045–2052 (1998).
[Crossref]

Baccaro, S.

Barmenkov, Y. O.

A. V. Kir’yanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, G. E. Romero, and L. E. Zarate, “Concentration effects in commercial erbium-doped silica fibers fabricated through the MCVD and DND technologies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(6), 511–521 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. V. Kir’yanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, and A. D. Guzman-Chavez, “Er3+ excited-state absorption in an Erbium-doped silica fiber at the wavelengths 1490–1580 and 978 nm,” Laser Phys. 18(11), 1251–1256 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. D. Guzman-Chavez, Y. O. Barmenkov, and A. V. Kir’yanov, “Spectral dependence of the excited-state absorption of erbium in silica fiber within the 1.48–1.59 m range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 191111 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bartos, M.

J. Ren, T. Wagner, M. Bartos, M. Frumar, J. Oswald, M. Kincl, B. Frumarova, and G. Chen, “Intense near-infrared and midinfrared luminescence from the Dy3+-doped GeSe2-Ga2Se3-MI (M=K, Cs, Ag) chalcohalide glasses at 1.32, 1.73, and 2.67 μm,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(3), 033105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bercu, V.

Bettinelli, M.

M. Wachtler, A. Speghini, K. Gatterer, H. P. Fritzer, D. Ajo, and M. Bettinelli, “Optical properties of rare-earth ions in lead germanate glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 81(8), 2045–2052 (1998).
[Crossref]

Cemmi, A.

Chen, C.

Y. Xia, T. Tang, C. Chen, M. Jin, and M. Chen, “Preparation of α-Bi2O3 from bismuth powders through low-temperature oxidation,” Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China 22(9), 2289–2294 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, D.

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chen, G.

W. Shen, J. Ren, S. Baccaro, A. Cemmi, and G. Chen, “Broadband infrared luminescence in γ-ray irradiated bismuth borosilicate glasses,” Opt. Lett. 38(4), 516–518 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ren, B. Li, G. Yang, W. Xu, Z. Zhang, M. Secu, V. Bercu, H. Zeng, and G. Chen, “Broadband near-infrared emission of chromium-doped sulfide glass-ceramics containing Ga2S3 nanocrystals,” Opt. Lett. 37(24), 5043–5045 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ren, T. Wagner, M. Bartos, M. Frumar, J. Oswald, M. Kincl, B. Frumarova, and G. Chen, “Intense near-infrared and midinfrared luminescence from the Dy3+-doped GeSe2-Ga2Se3-MI (M=K, Cs, Ag) chalcohalide glasses at 1.32, 1.73, and 2.67 μm,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(3), 033105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, Y. Yang, J. Zheng, W. Hua, and G. Chen, “Effects of Oxidizing Additives on Optical Properties of Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 Glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(10), 3410–3412 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chen, M.

Y. Xia, T. Tang, C. Chen, M. Jin, and M. Chen, “Preparation of α-Bi2O3 from bismuth powders through low-temperature oxidation,” Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China 22(9), 2289–2294 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dai, N.

Dai, S.

X. Wang, Q. Nie, T. Xu, S. Dai, X. Shen, and L. Liu, “Optical spectroscopy and energy transfer of Er3+ /Ce3+ in B2O3-doped bismuth-silicate glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(4), 972–978 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Dai, T. Xu, Q. Nie, X. Shen, and X. Wang, “Investigation of concentration quenching in Er3+:Bi2O3–B2O3–SiO2 glasses,” Phys. Lett. A 359(4), 330–333 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Yang, S. Dai, N. Dai, S. Xu, L. Wen, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Effect of Bi2O3 on the spectroscopic properties of erbium-doped bismuth silicate glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20(5), 810–815 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Yang, S. Dai, Y. Zhou, L. Wen, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Spectroscopic properties and thermal stability of erbium-doped bismuth-based glass for optical amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(2), 977–983 (2003).
[Crossref]

Dimitrova, V.

V. Dimitrova and T. Komatsu, “Optical basicity and chemical bonding of Bi2O3 containing glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 382, 18–23 (2013).
[Crossref]

Feng, X.

X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, “Hydroxyl groups in erbium-doped germanotellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 281(1–3), 48–54 (2001).
[Crossref]

Fernandez, T. T.

A. Jha, B. Richards, G. Jose, T. T. Fernandez, P. Joshi, X. Jiang, and J. Lousteau, “Rare-earth ion doped TeO2 and GeO2 glasses as laser materials,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 57(8), 1426–1491 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fernandez Navarro, J. M.

O. Sanz, E. Haro-Poniatowski, J. Gonzalo, and J. M. Fernandez Navarro, “Influence of the melting conditions of heavy metal oxide glasses containing bismuth oxide on their optical absorption,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(8), 761–768 (2006).
[Crossref]

Fritzer, H. P.

M. Wachtler, A. Speghini, K. Gatterer, H. P. Fritzer, D. Ajo, and M. Bettinelli, “Optical properties of rare-earth ions in lead germanate glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 81(8), 2045–2052 (1998).
[Crossref]

Frumar, M.

J. Ren, T. Wagner, M. Bartos, M. Frumar, J. Oswald, M. Kincl, B. Frumarova, and G. Chen, “Intense near-infrared and midinfrared luminescence from the Dy3+-doped GeSe2-Ga2Se3-MI (M=K, Cs, Ag) chalcohalide glasses at 1.32, 1.73, and 2.67 μm,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(3), 033105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Frumarova, B.

J. Ren, T. Wagner, M. Bartos, M. Frumar, J. Oswald, M. Kincl, B. Frumarova, and G. Chen, “Intense near-infrared and midinfrared luminescence from the Dy3+-doped GeSe2-Ga2Se3-MI (M=K, Cs, Ag) chalcohalide glasses at 1.32, 1.73, and 2.67 μm,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(3), 033105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Gatterer, K.

M. Wachtler, A. Speghini, K. Gatterer, H. P. Fritzer, D. Ajo, and M. Bettinelli, “Optical properties of rare-earth ions in lead germanate glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 81(8), 2045–2052 (1998).
[Crossref]

Gonzalo, J.

O. Sanz, E. Haro-Poniatowski, J. Gonzalo, and J. M. Fernandez Navarro, “Influence of the melting conditions of heavy metal oxide glasses containing bismuth oxide on their optical absorption,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(8), 761–768 (2006).
[Crossref]

Guzman-Chavez, A. D.

A. D. Guzman-Chavez, Y. O. Barmenkov, and A. V. Kir’yanov, “Spectral dependence of the excited-state absorption of erbium in silica fiber within the 1.48–1.59 m range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 191111 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. V. Kir’yanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, and A. D. Guzman-Chavez, “Er3+ excited-state absorption in an Erbium-doped silica fiber at the wavelengths 1490–1580 and 978 nm,” Laser Phys. 18(11), 1251–1256 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hanada, T.

X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, “Hydroxyl groups in erbium-doped germanotellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 281(1–3), 48–54 (2001).
[Crossref]

S. Tanabe, N. Sugimoto, S. Ito, and T. Hanada, “Broad-band 1.5 µm emission of Er3+ ions in bismuth-based oxide glasses for potential WDM amplifier,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 670–672 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, S. Todoroki, T. Hanada, and N. Soga, “Relation between the Ω6 intensity parameter of Er3+ ions and the 151Eu isomer shift in oxide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 73(12), 8451–8454 (1993).
[Crossref]

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, N. Soga, and T. Hanada, “Compositional dependence of Judd-Ofelt parameters of Er3+ ions in alkali-metal borate glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 46(6), 3305–3310 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haro-Poniatowski, E.

O. Sanz, E. Haro-Poniatowski, J. Gonzalo, and J. M. Fernandez Navarro, “Influence of the melting conditions of heavy metal oxide glasses containing bismuth oxide on their optical absorption,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(8), 761–768 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hu, L.

J. Yang, S. Dai, Y. Zhou, L. Wen, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Spectroscopic properties and thermal stability of erbium-doped bismuth-based glass for optical amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(2), 977–983 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Yang, S. Dai, N. Dai, S. Xu, L. Wen, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Effect of Bi2O3 on the spectroscopic properties of erbium-doped bismuth silicate glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20(5), 810–815 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hua, W.

Y. Zhang, Y. Yang, J. Zheng, W. Hua, and G. Chen, “Effects of Oxidizing Additives on Optical Properties of Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 Glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(10), 3410–3412 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ito, S.

S. Tanabe, N. Sugimoto, S. Ito, and T. Hanada, “Broad-band 1.5 µm emission of Er3+ ions in bismuth-based oxide glasses for potential WDM amplifier,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 670–672 (2000).
[Crossref]

Jauregui, C.

C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High-power fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 861–867 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jha, A.

A. Jha, B. Richards, G. Jose, T. T. Fernandez, P. Joshi, X. Jiang, and J. Lousteau, “Rare-earth ion doped TeO2 and GeO2 glasses as laser materials,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 57(8), 1426–1491 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Jha, S. Shen, and M. Naftaly, “Structural origin of spectral broadening of 1.5-μm emission in Er3+-doped tellurite glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 62(10), 6215–6227 (2000).
[Crossref]

Jiang, X.

A. Jha, B. Richards, G. Jose, T. T. Fernandez, P. Joshi, X. Jiang, and J. Lousteau, “Rare-earth ion doped TeO2 and GeO2 glasses as laser materials,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 57(8), 1426–1491 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Z.

Z. Yang, Q. Zhang, and Z. Jiang, “Photo-induced refractive index change of bismuth-based silicate glass,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 38(9), 1461–1463 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Yang, S. Dai, N. Dai, S. Xu, L. Wen, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Effect of Bi2O3 on the spectroscopic properties of erbium-doped bismuth silicate glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20(5), 810–815 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Yang, S. Dai, Y. Zhou, L. Wen, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Spectroscopic properties and thermal stability of erbium-doped bismuth-based glass for optical amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(2), 977–983 (2003).
[Crossref]

Jin, M.

Y. Xia, T. Tang, C. Chen, M. Jin, and M. Chen, “Preparation of α-Bi2O3 from bismuth powders through low-temperature oxidation,” Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China 22(9), 2289–2294 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jose, G.

A. Jha, B. Richards, G. Jose, T. T. Fernandez, P. Joshi, X. Jiang, and J. Lousteau, “Rare-earth ion doped TeO2 and GeO2 glasses as laser materials,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 57(8), 1426–1491 (2012).
[Crossref]

Joshi, P.

A. Jha, B. Richards, G. Jose, T. T. Fernandez, P. Joshi, X. Jiang, and J. Lousteau, “Rare-earth ion doped TeO2 and GeO2 glasses as laser materials,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 57(8), 1426–1491 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kincl, M.

J. Ren, T. Wagner, M. Bartos, M. Frumar, J. Oswald, M. Kincl, B. Frumarova, and G. Chen, “Intense near-infrared and midinfrared luminescence from the Dy3+-doped GeSe2-Ga2Se3-MI (M=K, Cs, Ag) chalcohalide glasses at 1.32, 1.73, and 2.67 μm,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(3), 033105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kir’yanov, A. V.

A. V. Kir’yanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, G. E. Romero, and L. E. Zarate, “Concentration effects in commercial erbium-doped silica fibers fabricated through the MCVD and DND technologies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(6), 511–521 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. D. Guzman-Chavez, Y. O. Barmenkov, and A. V. Kir’yanov, “Spectral dependence of the excited-state absorption of erbium in silica fiber within the 1.48–1.59 m range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 191111 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. V. Kir’yanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, and A. D. Guzman-Chavez, “Er3+ excited-state absorption in an Erbium-doped silica fiber at the wavelengths 1490–1580 and 978 nm,” Laser Phys. 18(11), 1251–1256 (2008).
[Crossref]

Komatsu, T.

V. Dimitrova and T. Komatsu, “Optical basicity and chemical bonding of Bi2O3 containing glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 382, 18–23 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, B.

Li, M.

X. Zhu, C. Mai, and M. Li, “Effects of B2O3 content variation on the Bi ions in Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 glass structure,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 388, 55–61 (2014).
[Crossref]

Limpert, J.

C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High-power fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 861–867 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, L.

Lopatin, S. I.

V. L. Stolyarova, A. L. Shilov, S. I. Lopatin, and S. M. Shugurov, “High-temperature mass spectrometric study and modeling of thermodynamic properties of binary glass-forming systems containing Bi2O3.,” Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 28(7), 801–810 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lousteau, J.

A. Jha, B. Richards, G. Jose, T. T. Fernandez, P. Joshi, X. Jiang, and J. Lousteau, “Rare-earth ion doped TeO2 and GeO2 glasses as laser materials,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 57(8), 1426–1491 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mai, C.

X. Zhu, C. Mai, and M. Li, “Effects of B2O3 content variation on the Bi ions in Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 glass structure,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 388, 55–61 (2014).
[Crossref]

Naftaly, M.

A. Jha, S. Shen, and M. Naftaly, “Structural origin of spectral broadening of 1.5-μm emission in Er3+-doped tellurite glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 62(10), 6215–6227 (2000).
[Crossref]

Nie, Q.

X. Wang, Q. Nie, T. Xu, S. Dai, X. Shen, and L. Liu, “Optical spectroscopy and energy transfer of Er3+ /Ce3+ in B2O3-doped bismuth-silicate glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(4), 972–978 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Dai, T. Xu, Q. Nie, X. Shen, and X. Wang, “Investigation of concentration quenching in Er3+:Bi2O3–B2O3–SiO2 glasses,” Phys. Lett. A 359(4), 330–333 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ohara, S.

Ohyagi, T.

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, S. Todoroki, T. Hanada, and N. Soga, “Relation between the Ω6 intensity parameter of Er3+ ions and the 151Eu isomer shift in oxide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 73(12), 8451–8454 (1993).
[Crossref]

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, N. Soga, and T. Hanada, “Compositional dependence of Judd-Ofelt parameters of Er3+ ions in alkali-metal borate glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 46(6), 3305–3310 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oswald, J.

J. Ren, T. Wagner, M. Bartos, M. Frumar, J. Oswald, M. Kincl, B. Frumarova, and G. Chen, “Intense near-infrared and midinfrared luminescence from the Dy3+-doped GeSe2-Ga2Se3-MI (M=K, Cs, Ag) chalcohalide glasses at 1.32, 1.73, and 2.67 μm,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(3), 033105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Qiu, J.

H. Sun, J. Zhou, and J. Qiu, “Recent advances in bismuth activated photonic materials,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 64, 1–72 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ren, J.

W. Shen, J. Ren, S. Baccaro, A. Cemmi, and G. Chen, “Broadband infrared luminescence in γ-ray irradiated bismuth borosilicate glasses,” Opt. Lett. 38(4), 516–518 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ren, B. Li, G. Yang, W. Xu, Z. Zhang, M. Secu, V. Bercu, H. Zeng, and G. Chen, “Broadband near-infrared emission of chromium-doped sulfide glass-ceramics containing Ga2S3 nanocrystals,” Opt. Lett. 37(24), 5043–5045 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ren, T. Wagner, M. Bartos, M. Frumar, J. Oswald, M. Kincl, B. Frumarova, and G. Chen, “Intense near-infrared and midinfrared luminescence from the Dy3+-doped GeSe2-Ga2Se3-MI (M=K, Cs, Ag) chalcohalide glasses at 1.32, 1.73, and 2.67 μm,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(3), 033105 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[Crossref]

Richards, B.

A. Jha, B. Richards, G. Jose, T. T. Fernandez, P. Joshi, X. Jiang, and J. Lousteau, “Rare-earth ion doped TeO2 and GeO2 glasses as laser materials,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 57(8), 1426–1491 (2012).
[Crossref]

Romero, G. E.

A. V. Kir’yanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, G. E. Romero, and L. E. Zarate, “Concentration effects in commercial erbium-doped silica fibers fabricated through the MCVD and DND technologies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(6), 511–521 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sanz, O.

O. Sanz, E. Haro-Poniatowski, J. Gonzalo, and J. M. Fernandez Navarro, “Influence of the melting conditions of heavy metal oxide glasses containing bismuth oxide on their optical absorption,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(8), 761–768 (2006).
[Crossref]

Secu, M.

Shen, S.

A. Jha, S. Shen, and M. Naftaly, “Structural origin of spectral broadening of 1.5-μm emission in Er3+-doped tellurite glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 62(10), 6215–6227 (2000).
[Crossref]

Shen, W.

Shen, X.

X. Wang, Q. Nie, T. Xu, S. Dai, X. Shen, and L. Liu, “Optical spectroscopy and energy transfer of Er3+ /Ce3+ in B2O3-doped bismuth-silicate glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(4), 972–978 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Dai, T. Xu, Q. Nie, X. Shen, and X. Wang, “Investigation of concentration quenching in Er3+:Bi2O3–B2O3–SiO2 glasses,” Phys. Lett. A 359(4), 330–333 (2006).
[Crossref]

Shilov, A. L.

V. L. Stolyarova, A. L. Shilov, S. I. Lopatin, and S. M. Shugurov, “High-temperature mass spectrometric study and modeling of thermodynamic properties of binary glass-forming systems containing Bi2O3.,” Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 28(7), 801–810 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shugurov, S. M.

V. L. Stolyarova, A. L. Shilov, S. I. Lopatin, and S. M. Shugurov, “High-temperature mass spectrometric study and modeling of thermodynamic properties of binary glass-forming systems containing Bi2O3.,” Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 28(7), 801–810 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Soga, N.

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, S. Todoroki, T. Hanada, and N. Soga, “Relation between the Ω6 intensity parameter of Er3+ ions and the 151Eu isomer shift in oxide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 73(12), 8451–8454 (1993).
[Crossref]

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, N. Soga, and T. Hanada, “Compositional dependence of Judd-Ofelt parameters of Er3+ ions in alkali-metal borate glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 46(6), 3305–3310 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Speghini, A.

M. Wachtler, A. Speghini, K. Gatterer, H. P. Fritzer, D. Ajo, and M. Bettinelli, “Optical properties of rare-earth ions in lead germanate glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 81(8), 2045–2052 (1998).
[Crossref]

Stolyarova, V. L.

V. L. Stolyarova, A. L. Shilov, S. I. Lopatin, and S. M. Shugurov, “High-temperature mass spectrometric study and modeling of thermodynamic properties of binary glass-forming systems containing Bi2O3.,” Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 28(7), 801–810 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sugimoto, N.

S. Ohara and N. Sugimoto, “Bi2O3-based erbium-doped fiber laser with a tunable range over 130 nm,” Opt. Lett. 33(11), 1201–1203 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Tanabe, N. Sugimoto, S. Ito, and T. Hanada, “Broad-band 1.5 µm emission of Er3+ ions in bismuth-based oxide glasses for potential WDM amplifier,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 670–672 (2000).
[Crossref]

Sun, H.

H. Sun, J. Zhou, and J. Qiu, “Recent advances in bismuth activated photonic materials,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 64, 1–72 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tanabe, S.

X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, “Hydroxyl groups in erbium-doped germanotellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 281(1–3), 48–54 (2001).
[Crossref]

S. Tanabe, N. Sugimoto, S. Ito, and T. Hanada, “Broad-band 1.5 µm emission of Er3+ ions in bismuth-based oxide glasses for potential WDM amplifier,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 670–672 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, S. Todoroki, T. Hanada, and N. Soga, “Relation between the Ω6 intensity parameter of Er3+ ions and the 151Eu isomer shift in oxide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 73(12), 8451–8454 (1993).
[Crossref]

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, N. Soga, and T. Hanada, “Compositional dependence of Judd-Ofelt parameters of Er3+ ions in alkali-metal borate glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 46(6), 3305–3310 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tang, T.

Y. Xia, T. Tang, C. Chen, M. Jin, and M. Chen, “Preparation of α-Bi2O3 from bismuth powders through low-temperature oxidation,” Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China 22(9), 2289–2294 (2012).
[Crossref]

Todoroki, S.

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, S. Todoroki, T. Hanada, and N. Soga, “Relation between the Ω6 intensity parameter of Er3+ ions and the 151Eu isomer shift in oxide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 73(12), 8451–8454 (1993).
[Crossref]

Tünnermann, A.

C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High-power fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 861–867 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wachtler, M.

M. Wachtler, A. Speghini, K. Gatterer, H. P. Fritzer, D. Ajo, and M. Bettinelli, “Optical properties of rare-earth ions in lead germanate glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 81(8), 2045–2052 (1998).
[Crossref]

Wagner, T.

J. Ren, T. Wagner, M. Bartos, M. Frumar, J. Oswald, M. Kincl, B. Frumarova, and G. Chen, “Intense near-infrared and midinfrared luminescence from the Dy3+-doped GeSe2-Ga2Se3-MI (M=K, Cs, Ag) chalcohalide glasses at 1.32, 1.73, and 2.67 μm,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(3), 033105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

X. Wang, Q. Nie, T. Xu, S. Dai, X. Shen, and L. Liu, “Optical spectroscopy and energy transfer of Er3+ /Ce3+ in B2O3-doped bismuth-silicate glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(4), 972–978 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Dai, T. Xu, Q. Nie, X. Shen, and X. Wang, “Investigation of concentration quenching in Er3+:Bi2O3–B2O3–SiO2 glasses,” Phys. Lett. A 359(4), 330–333 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wen, L.

J. Yang, S. Dai, N. Dai, S. Xu, L. Wen, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Effect of Bi2O3 on the spectroscopic properties of erbium-doped bismuth silicate glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20(5), 810–815 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Yang, S. Dai, Y. Zhou, L. Wen, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Spectroscopic properties and thermal stability of erbium-doped bismuth-based glass for optical amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(2), 977–983 (2003).
[Crossref]

Xia, Y.

Y. Xia, T. Tang, C. Chen, M. Jin, and M. Chen, “Preparation of α-Bi2O3 from bismuth powders through low-temperature oxidation,” Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China 22(9), 2289–2294 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xu, S.

Xu, T.

X. Wang, Q. Nie, T. Xu, S. Dai, X. Shen, and L. Liu, “Optical spectroscopy and energy transfer of Er3+ /Ce3+ in B2O3-doped bismuth-silicate glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(4), 972–978 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Dai, T. Xu, Q. Nie, X. Shen, and X. Wang, “Investigation of concentration quenching in Er3+:Bi2O3–B2O3–SiO2 glasses,” Phys. Lett. A 359(4), 330–333 (2006).
[Crossref]

Xu, W.

Xu, Y.

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yang, G.

J. Ren, B. Li, G. Yang, W. Xu, Z. Zhang, M. Secu, V. Bercu, H. Zeng, and G. Chen, “Broadband near-infrared emission of chromium-doped sulfide glass-ceramics containing Ga2S3 nanocrystals,” Opt. Lett. 37(24), 5043–5045 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.

J. Yang, S. Dai, Y. Zhou, L. Wen, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Spectroscopic properties and thermal stability of erbium-doped bismuth-based glass for optical amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(2), 977–983 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Yang, S. Dai, N. Dai, S. Xu, L. Wen, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Effect of Bi2O3 on the spectroscopic properties of erbium-doped bismuth silicate glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20(5), 810–815 (2003).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

Y. Zhang, Y. Yang, J. Zheng, W. Hua, and G. Chen, “Effects of Oxidizing Additives on Optical Properties of Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 Glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(10), 3410–3412 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z.

Z. Yang, Q. Zhang, and Z. Jiang, “Photo-induced refractive index change of bismuth-based silicate glass,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 38(9), 1461–1463 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zarate, L. E.

A. V. Kir’yanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, G. E. Romero, and L. E. Zarate, “Concentration effects in commercial erbium-doped silica fibers fabricated through the MCVD and DND technologies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(6), 511–521 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zeng, H.

J. Ren, B. Li, G. Yang, W. Xu, Z. Zhang, M. Secu, V. Bercu, H. Zeng, and G. Chen, “Broadband near-infrared emission of chromium-doped sulfide glass-ceramics containing Ga2S3 nanocrystals,” Opt. Lett. 37(24), 5043–5045 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

Z. Yang, Q. Zhang, and Z. Jiang, “Photo-induced refractive index change of bismuth-based silicate glass,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 38(9), 1461–1463 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, Y. Yang, J. Zheng, W. Hua, and G. Chen, “Effects of Oxidizing Additives on Optical Properties of Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 Glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(10), 3410–3412 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z.

Zheng, J.

Y. Zhang, Y. Yang, J. Zheng, W. Hua, and G. Chen, “Effects of Oxidizing Additives on Optical Properties of Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 Glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(10), 3410–3412 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhou, J.

H. Sun, J. Zhou, and J. Qiu, “Recent advances in bismuth activated photonic materials,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 64, 1–72 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Y.

J. Yang, S. Dai, Y. Zhou, L. Wen, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Spectroscopic properties and thermal stability of erbium-doped bismuth-based glass for optical amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(2), 977–983 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zhu, X.

X. Zhu, C. Mai, and M. Li, “Effects of B2O3 content variation on the Bi ions in Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 glass structure,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 388, 55–61 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. D. Guzman-Chavez, Y. O. Barmenkov, and A. V. Kir’yanov, “Spectral dependence of the excited-state absorption of erbium in silica fiber within the 1.48–1.59 m range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 191111 (2008).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. V. Kir’yanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, G. E. Romero, and L. E. Zarate, “Concentration effects in commercial erbium-doped silica fibers fabricated through the MCVD and DND technologies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(6), 511–521 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (3)

Y. Zhang, Y. Yang, J. Zheng, W. Hua, and G. Chen, “Effects of Oxidizing Additives on Optical Properties of Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 Glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(10), 3410–3412 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Wachtler, A. Speghini, K. Gatterer, H. P. Fritzer, D. Ajo, and M. Bettinelli, “Optical properties of rare-earth ions in lead germanate glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 81(8), 2045–2052 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

J. Ren, T. Wagner, M. Bartos, M. Frumar, J. Oswald, M. Kincl, B. Frumarova, and G. Chen, “Intense near-infrared and midinfrared luminescence from the Dy3+-doped GeSe2-Ga2Se3-MI (M=K, Cs, Ag) chalcohalide glasses at 1.32, 1.73, and 2.67 μm,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(3), 033105 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, S. Todoroki, T. Hanada, and N. Soga, “Relation between the Ω6 intensity parameter of Er3+ ions and the 151Eu isomer shift in oxide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 73(12), 8451–8454 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. Yang, S. Dai, Y. Zhou, L. Wen, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Spectroscopic properties and thermal stability of erbium-doped bismuth-based glass for optical amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(2), 977–983 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Lumin. (1)

S. Tanabe, N. Sugimoto, S. Ito, and T. Hanada, “Broad-band 1.5 µm emission of Er3+ ions in bismuth-based oxide glasses for potential WDM amplifier,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 670–672 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (4)

X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, “Hydroxyl groups in erbium-doped germanotellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 281(1–3), 48–54 (2001).
[Crossref]

O. Sanz, E. Haro-Poniatowski, J. Gonzalo, and J. M. Fernandez Navarro, “Influence of the melting conditions of heavy metal oxide glasses containing bismuth oxide on their optical absorption,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(8), 761–768 (2006).
[Crossref]

V. Dimitrova and T. Komatsu, “Optical basicity and chemical bonding of Bi2O3 containing glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 382, 18–23 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Zhu, C. Mai, and M. Li, “Effects of B2O3 content variation on the Bi ions in Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 glass structure,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 388, 55–61 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

Z. Yang, Q. Zhang, and Z. Jiang, “Photo-induced refractive index change of bismuth-based silicate glass,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 38(9), 1461–1463 (2005).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. (1)

A. V. Kir’yanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, and A. D. Guzman-Chavez, “Er3+ excited-state absorption in an Erbium-doped silica fiber at the wavelengths 1490–1580 and 978 nm,” Laser Phys. 18(11), 1251–1256 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High-power fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 861–867 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Lett. A (1)

S. Dai, T. Xu, Q. Nie, X. Shen, and X. Wang, “Investigation of concentration quenching in Er3+:Bi2O3–B2O3–SiO2 glasses,” Phys. Lett. A 359(4), 330–333 (2006).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

A. Jha, S. Shen, and M. Naftaly, “Structural origin of spectral broadening of 1.5-μm emission in Er3+-doped tellurite glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 62(10), 6215–6227 (2000).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter (1)

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, N. Soga, and T. Hanada, “Compositional dependence of Judd-Ofelt parameters of Er3+ ions in alkali-metal borate glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 46(6), 3305–3310 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prog. Mater. Sci. (2)

A. Jha, B. Richards, G. Jose, T. T. Fernandez, P. Joshi, X. Jiang, and J. Lousteau, “Rare-earth ion doped TeO2 and GeO2 glasses as laser materials,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 57(8), 1426–1491 (2012).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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V. L. Stolyarova, A. L. Shilov, S. I. Lopatin, and S. M. Shugurov, “High-temperature mass spectrometric study and modeling of thermodynamic properties of binary glass-forming systems containing Bi2O3.,” Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 28(7), 801–810 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Y. Xia, T. Tang, C. Chen, M. Jin, and M. Chen, “Preparation of α-Bi2O3 from bismuth powders through low-temperature oxidation,” Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China 22(9), 2289–2294 (2012).
[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Absorption spectra of the samples prepared at different melting temperatures. Insets: digital photo of the samples and absorption cross section of the 4I15/24I13/2 transition of Er3+.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Visible up-conversion luminescence (a) and 1.55 μm emission spectra (b) of the samples prepared at different MT. The excitation wavelength is 980 nm. Inset in (a): schematic of up-conversion mechanism (by excited state absorption, ESA). Inset in (b): decay curve and fit to the experimental data of the T5 sample taken as an example.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 1.55 μm gain spectra of the samples prepared at different melting temperatures (MT). Inset: MT dependence of the maximum gain.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Absorption spectra of the samples prepared at the same MT. Insets: digital photos of the samples and absorption cross section of the 4I15/24I13/2 transition of Er3+.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Visible up-conversion spectra (a) and 1.55 μm emission spectra (b) of the samples prepared at the same melting temperature. The excitation wavelength is 980 nm. Inset in (a): schematic of up-conversion mechanism (by excited state absorption, ESA). Inset in (b): decay curve and fit to the experimental data of the H5 sample taken as an example.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Variation of the 1.55 μm gain spectra with the composition of the samples. Inset: Compositional dependence of the maximum gain.

Tables (2)

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Table 1 MT (°C), Density (g/cm3, ± 0.04), refractive Index at 1.55 μm (n), concentrations of Er3+ (NEr3+ ± 0.01, 1020 ions/cm3) and free OH- groups (NOH-, 1019 ions/cm3) of the glass samples

Tables Icon

Table 2 Δλeff (nm), FWHM (nm), σe (( × 10−21cm2)), calculated and measured lifetimes (ms) of the 1.55 μm emission, quantum efficiency ( × 100%), σe × τmd ( × 10−24cm2•s) and Judd-Ofelt parameters Ωt (t = 2, 4, 6, × 10−20 cm2) of the samples of the glass samples

Equations (4)

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Ba ( NO 3 ) 2 + Sb 2 O 3  >450 BaO + Sb 2 O 5 + 2NO x
Sb 2 O 5 >700°C Sb 2 O 3 + O 2
Bi 0 + O 2 950~1350°C Bi 2 O 3
Bi 2 O 3 >700°C Bi 0 + O 2

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