Abstract

Y1.866Eu0.134O3 and Lu1.56Gd0.41Eu0.03O3 single crystals of the cubic rare-earth sesquioxide phase were grown for the first time by a new flux method, in air and at temperatures between 1250 and 1100°C. Magnetic susceptibility measurements performed in the former crystals suggest that a preferential dissolution of Eu3+ cations occurs on the C2-site. Transmission measurements established the promising optical quality of the samples, especially for Lu1.56Gd0.41Eu0.03O3 in the red spectral range where most of the scintillation light is emitted. The Lu1.56Gd0.41Eu0.03O3 single crystal, grown and tested for the first time, is an efficient X-ray scintillator and its characteristics seem promising for X-ray imaging with medium spatial resolution, in terms of light output and low afterglow. Emission and transmission spectra were measured and Eu3+ Judd-Ofelt analysis was performed in both crystals.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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2015 (3)

M. Velázquez, P. Veber, G. Buşe, Y. Petit, P. Goldner, V. Jubera, D. Rytz, A. Jaffres, M. Peltz, V. Wesemann, P. Aschehough, and G. Aka, “Spectroscopic properties of newly flux grown and highly Yb3+-doped RE2O3:Yb3+ (RE=Y,Gd,Lu) laser crystals,” Opt. Mater. 39, 258–264 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Veber, M. Velázquez, G. Gadret, D. Rytz, M. Peltz, and R. Decourt, “Flux growth at 1230°C of cubic Tb2O3 single crystals and characterization of their optical and magnetic properties,” CrystEngComm 17(3), 492–497 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Mokso, D. A. Schwyn, S. M. Walker, M. Doube, M. Wicklein, T. Müller, M. Stampanoni, G. K. Taylor, and H. G. Krapp, “Four-dimensional in vivo X-ray microscopy with projection-guided gating,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8727 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

2013 (5)

B. Lu, J.-G. Li, and Y. Sakka, “Controlled processing of (Gd,Ln)2O3:Eu (Ln=Y, Lu) red phosphor particles and compositional effects on photoluminescence,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 14(6), 064202 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Druon, M. Velázquez, P. Veber, S. Janicot, O. Viraphong, G. Buşe, M. A. Ahmed, T. Graf, D. Rytz, and P. Georges, “Laser demonstration with highly doped Yb3+:Gd2O3 and Yb3+:Y2O3 crystals grown by an original flux method,” Opt. Lett. 38(20), 4146–4149 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Sun, P. Liu, S. Irvine, B. Pinzer, M. Stampanoni, and L. X. Xu, “Preliminary comparison of grating-based and in-line phase contrast X-ray imaging with Synchrotron radiation for mouse kidney at TOMCAT,” J. Instrum. 8(06), C06003 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Belhoucif, M. Velázquez, Y. Petit, O. Pérez, B. Glorieux, O. Viraphong, P. de Marcillac, N. Coron, L. Torres, E. Véron, A. Kellou, P. Veber, R. Decourt, and H. El Hafid, “Growth and spectroscopic properties of 6Li- and 10B-enriched crystals for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers used in the rare events searches,” CrystEngComm 15(19), 3785–3792 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Seeley, N. Cherepy, and S. Payne, “Two-step sintering of Gd0.3Lu1.6Eu0.1O3 transparent ceramic scintillator,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(7), 908–912 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

E. Castel, P. Veber, M. Albino, M. Velázquez, S. Péchev, D. Denux, J.-P. Chaminade, M. Maglione, and M. Josse, “Crystal growth and characterization of Tetragonal Tungsten Bronze ferroniobates Ba2LnFeNb4O15,” J. Cryst. Growth 340(1), 156–165 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. M. Seeley, Z. R. Dai, J. D. Kuntz, N. J. Cherepy, and S. A. Payne, “Phase stabilization in transparent Lu2O3:Eu ceramics by lattice expansion,” Opt. Mater. 35(1), 74–78 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic Laser Materials,” Materials (Basel) 5(12), 258–277 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

P. Veber, M. Velázquez, V. Jubera, S. Pechev, and O. Viraphong, “Flux growth of Yb3+-doped RE2O3 (RE=Y,Lu) single crystals at half their melting point temperature,” CrystEngComm 13(16), 5220–5225 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

N. A. Dulina, Y. V. Yermolayeva, A. V. Tolmachev, Z. P. Sergienko, O. M. Vovk, E. A. Vovk, N. A. Matveevskaya, and P. V. Mateychenko, “Synthesis and characterization of the crystalline powders on the basis of Lu2O3:Eu3+ spherical submicron-sized particles,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 30(7), 1717–1724 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

A. Yoshikawa and V. Chani, “Growth of optical crystals by the micro-pulling-down method,” MRS Bull. 34(4), 266–270 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Rack, F. García-Moreno, T. Baumbach, and J. Banhart, “Synchrotron-based radioscopy employing spatio-temporal micro-resolution for studying fast phenomena in liquid metal foams,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 16(Pt 3), 432–434 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

C. D. McMillen and J. W. Kolis, “Hydrothermal single crystal growth of Sc2O3 and lanthanide-doped Sc2O3,” J. Cryst. Growth 310(7-9), 1939–1942 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (4)

M. Velázquez, A. Ferrier, J.-P. Chaminade, B. Menaert, and R. Moncorgé, “Growth and thermodynamic characterization of pure and Er-doped KPb2Cl5,” J. Cryst. Growth 286(2), 324–333 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Ferrier, M. Velázquez, X. Portier, J.-L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “Tl3PbBr5: a possible crystal candidate for middle infrared nonlinear optics,” J. Cryst. Growth 289(1), 357–365 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Nikl, “Scintillation detectors for X-rays,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(4), 37–54 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Martin and A. Koch, “Recent developments in X-ray imaging with micrometer spatial resolution,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 13(Pt 2), 180–194 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

D. J. Seo, Y. C. Kang, and S. B. Park, “The synthesis of (Y1−xGdx)2O3:Eu phosphor particles by flame spray pyrolysis with LiCl flux,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 77(5), 659–663 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Bär, G. Huber, J. Gonzalo, A. Perea, A. Climent, and F. Paszti, “Europium-doped sesquioxide thin films grown on sapphire by PLD,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 105(1-3), 30–33 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (3)

A. Garcia-Murillo, C. Le Luyer, C. Dujardin, T. Martin, C. Garapon, C. Pédrini, and J. Mugnier, “Elaboration and scintillation properties of Eu3+-doped Gd2O3 and Lu2O3 sol–gel films,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 486(1-2), 181–185 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. C. Kang, H. S. Roh, S. B. Park, and H. D. Park, “Use of LiCl flux in the preparation of Y2O3:Eu phosphor particles by spray pyrolysis,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 22(9-10), 1661–1665 (2002).
[Crossref]

V. Peters, A. Bolz, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Growth of high-melting sesquioxides by the heat exchanger method,” J. Cryst. Growth 237–239, 879–883 (2002).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

Adachi Gy and N. Imanaka, “The binary rare-earth oxides,” Chem. Rev. 98(4), 1479–1514 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

P. Caro and P. Porcher, “The paramagnetic susceptibility of C-type europium sesquioxide,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 58(1-2), 61–66 (1986).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

R. P. Leavitt, J. B. Gruber, N. C. Chang, and C. A. Morrison, “Optical spectra, energy levels, and crystal‐field analysis of tripositive rare‐earth ions in Y2O3. II. Non‐Kramers ions in C2 sites,” J. Chem. Phys. 76(10), 4775–4788 (1982).
[Crossref]

1968 (1)

C. Linarès, “Optical spectra and crystal field of the Europium(III) ion in some rare-earth metal oxide,” J. Phys. 29(10), 917–925 (1968).

1963 (1)

N. C. Chang, “Fluorescence and stimulated emission from trivalent europium in yttrium oxide,” J. Appl. Phys. 34(12), 3500–3504 (1963).
[Crossref]

Adachi Gy,

Adachi Gy and N. Imanaka, “The binary rare-earth oxides,” Chem. Rev. 98(4), 1479–1514 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adamietz, F.

Aggarwal, I.

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic Laser Materials,” Materials (Basel) 5(12), 258–277 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ahmed, M. A.

Aka, G.

M. Velázquez, P. Veber, G. Buşe, Y. Petit, P. Goldner, V. Jubera, D. Rytz, A. Jaffres, M. Peltz, V. Wesemann, P. Aschehough, and G. Aka, “Spectroscopic properties of newly flux grown and highly Yb3+-doped RE2O3:Yb3+ (RE=Y,Gd,Lu) laser crystals,” Opt. Mater. 39, 258–264 (2015).
[Crossref]

Albino, M.

E. Castel, P. Veber, M. Albino, M. Velázquez, S. Péchev, D. Denux, J.-P. Chaminade, M. Maglione, and M. Josse, “Crystal growth and characterization of Tetragonal Tungsten Bronze ferroniobates Ba2LnFeNb4O15,” J. Cryst. Growth 340(1), 156–165 (2012).
[Crossref]

Aschehough, P.

M. Velázquez, P. Veber, G. Buşe, Y. Petit, P. Goldner, V. Jubera, D. Rytz, A. Jaffres, M. Peltz, V. Wesemann, P. Aschehough, and G. Aka, “Spectroscopic properties of newly flux grown and highly Yb3+-doped RE2O3:Yb3+ (RE=Y,Gd,Lu) laser crystals,” Opt. Mater. 39, 258–264 (2015).
[Crossref]

Baker, C.

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic Laser Materials,” Materials (Basel) 5(12), 258–277 (2012).
[Crossref]

Banhart, J.

A. Rack, F. García-Moreno, T. Baumbach, and J. Banhart, “Synchrotron-based radioscopy employing spatio-temporal micro-resolution for studying fast phenomena in liquid metal foams,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 16(Pt 3), 432–434 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bär, S.

S. Bär, G. Huber, J. Gonzalo, A. Perea, A. Climent, and F. Paszti, “Europium-doped sesquioxide thin films grown on sapphire by PLD,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 105(1-3), 30–33 (2003).
[Crossref]

Baumbach, T.

A. Rack, F. García-Moreno, T. Baumbach, and J. Banhart, “Synchrotron-based radioscopy employing spatio-temporal micro-resolution for studying fast phenomena in liquid metal foams,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 16(Pt 3), 432–434 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Belhoucif, R.

R. Belhoucif, M. Velazquez, Y. Petit, O. Plantevin, M. A. Couto dos Santos, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, M. Couzi, O. Pérez, O. Viraphong, P. Veber, D. Denux, R. Decourt, and D. Ouadjaout, “Anisotropy of the spectroscopic, optical and thermo-mechanical properties of Li6Eu1-xGdx(BO3)3 crystals optimized for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(10), 2042–2065 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Belhoucif, M. Velázquez, Y. Petit, O. Pérez, B. Glorieux, O. Viraphong, P. de Marcillac, N. Coron, L. Torres, E. Véron, A. Kellou, P. Veber, R. Decourt, and H. El Hafid, “Growth and spectroscopic properties of 6Li- and 10B-enriched crystals for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers used in the rare events searches,” CrystEngComm 15(19), 3785–3792 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bolz, A.

V. Peters, A. Bolz, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Growth of high-melting sesquioxides by the heat exchanger method,” J. Cryst. Growth 237–239, 879–883 (2002).
[Crossref]

Buse, G.

M. Velázquez, P. Veber, G. Buşe, Y. Petit, P. Goldner, V. Jubera, D. Rytz, A. Jaffres, M. Peltz, V. Wesemann, P. Aschehough, and G. Aka, “Spectroscopic properties of newly flux grown and highly Yb3+-doped RE2O3:Yb3+ (RE=Y,Gd,Lu) laser crystals,” Opt. Mater. 39, 258–264 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Druon, M. Velázquez, P. Veber, S. Janicot, O. Viraphong, G. Buşe, M. A. Ahmed, T. Graf, D. Rytz, and P. Georges, “Laser demonstration with highly doped Yb3+:Gd2O3 and Yb3+:Y2O3 crystals grown by an original flux method,” Opt. Lett. 38(20), 4146–4149 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Caro, P.

P. Caro and P. Porcher, “The paramagnetic susceptibility of C-type europium sesquioxide,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 58(1-2), 61–66 (1986).
[Crossref]

Castel, E.

E. Castel, P. Veber, M. Albino, M. Velázquez, S. Péchev, D. Denux, J.-P. Chaminade, M. Maglione, and M. Josse, “Crystal growth and characterization of Tetragonal Tungsten Bronze ferroniobates Ba2LnFeNb4O15,” J. Cryst. Growth 340(1), 156–165 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chaminade, J.-P.

E. Castel, P. Veber, M. Albino, M. Velázquez, S. Péchev, D. Denux, J.-P. Chaminade, M. Maglione, and M. Josse, “Crystal growth and characterization of Tetragonal Tungsten Bronze ferroniobates Ba2LnFeNb4O15,” J. Cryst. Growth 340(1), 156–165 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Velázquez, A. Ferrier, J.-P. Chaminade, B. Menaert, and R. Moncorgé, “Growth and thermodynamic characterization of pure and Er-doped KPb2Cl5,” J. Cryst. Growth 286(2), 324–333 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chang, N. C.

R. P. Leavitt, J. B. Gruber, N. C. Chang, and C. A. Morrison, “Optical spectra, energy levels, and crystal‐field analysis of tripositive rare‐earth ions in Y2O3. II. Non‐Kramers ions in C2 sites,” J. Chem. Phys. 76(10), 4775–4788 (1982).
[Crossref]

N. C. Chang, “Fluorescence and stimulated emission from trivalent europium in yttrium oxide,” J. Appl. Phys. 34(12), 3500–3504 (1963).
[Crossref]

Chani, V.

A. Yoshikawa and V. Chani, “Growth of optical crystals by the micro-pulling-down method,” MRS Bull. 34(4), 266–270 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cherepy, N.

Cherepy, N. J.

Z. M. Seeley, Z. R. Dai, J. D. Kuntz, N. J. Cherepy, and S. A. Payne, “Phase stabilization in transparent Lu2O3:Eu ceramics by lattice expansion,” Opt. Mater. 35(1), 74–78 (2012).
[Crossref]

Climent, A.

S. Bär, G. Huber, J. Gonzalo, A. Perea, A. Climent, and F. Paszti, “Europium-doped sesquioxide thin films grown on sapphire by PLD,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 105(1-3), 30–33 (2003).
[Crossref]

Coron, N.

R. Belhoucif, M. Velázquez, Y. Petit, O. Pérez, B. Glorieux, O. Viraphong, P. de Marcillac, N. Coron, L. Torres, E. Véron, A. Kellou, P. Veber, R. Decourt, and H. El Hafid, “Growth and spectroscopic properties of 6Li- and 10B-enriched crystals for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers used in the rare events searches,” CrystEngComm 15(19), 3785–3792 (2013).
[Crossref]

Couto dos Santos, M. A.

Couzi, M.

Dai, Z. R.

Z. M. Seeley, Z. R. Dai, J. D. Kuntz, N. J. Cherepy, and S. A. Payne, “Phase stabilization in transparent Lu2O3:Eu ceramics by lattice expansion,” Opt. Mater. 35(1), 74–78 (2012).
[Crossref]

de Marcillac, P.

R. Belhoucif, M. Velázquez, Y. Petit, O. Pérez, B. Glorieux, O. Viraphong, P. de Marcillac, N. Coron, L. Torres, E. Véron, A. Kellou, P. Veber, R. Decourt, and H. El Hafid, “Growth and spectroscopic properties of 6Li- and 10B-enriched crystals for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers used in the rare events searches,” CrystEngComm 15(19), 3785–3792 (2013).
[Crossref]

Decourt, R.

P. Veber, M. Velázquez, G. Gadret, D. Rytz, M. Peltz, and R. Decourt, “Flux growth at 1230°C of cubic Tb2O3 single crystals and characterization of their optical and magnetic properties,” CrystEngComm 17(3), 492–497 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Belhoucif, M. Velazquez, Y. Petit, O. Plantevin, M. A. Couto dos Santos, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, M. Couzi, O. Pérez, O. Viraphong, P. Veber, D. Denux, R. Decourt, and D. Ouadjaout, “Anisotropy of the spectroscopic, optical and thermo-mechanical properties of Li6Eu1-xGdx(BO3)3 crystals optimized for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(10), 2042–2065 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Belhoucif, M. Velázquez, Y. Petit, O. Pérez, B. Glorieux, O. Viraphong, P. de Marcillac, N. Coron, L. Torres, E. Véron, A. Kellou, P. Veber, R. Decourt, and H. El Hafid, “Growth and spectroscopic properties of 6Li- and 10B-enriched crystals for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers used in the rare events searches,” CrystEngComm 15(19), 3785–3792 (2013).
[Crossref]

Denux, D.

Doualan, J.-L.

A. Ferrier, M. Velázquez, X. Portier, J.-L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “Tl3PbBr5: a possible crystal candidate for middle infrared nonlinear optics,” J. Cryst. Growth 289(1), 357–365 (2006).
[Crossref]

Doube, M.

R. Mokso, D. A. Schwyn, S. M. Walker, M. Doube, M. Wicklein, T. Müller, M. Stampanoni, G. K. Taylor, and H. G. Krapp, “Four-dimensional in vivo X-ray microscopy with projection-guided gating,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8727 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Druon, F.

Dujardin, C.

A. Garcia-Murillo, C. Le Luyer, C. Dujardin, T. Martin, C. Garapon, C. Pédrini, and J. Mugnier, “Elaboration and scintillation properties of Eu3+-doped Gd2O3 and Lu2O3 sol–gel films,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 486(1-2), 181–185 (2002).
[Crossref]

Dulina, N. A.

N. A. Dulina, Y. V. Yermolayeva, A. V. Tolmachev, Z. P. Sergienko, O. M. Vovk, E. A. Vovk, N. A. Matveevskaya, and P. V. Mateychenko, “Synthesis and characterization of the crystalline powders on the basis of Lu2O3:Eu3+ spherical submicron-sized particles,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 30(7), 1717–1724 (2010).
[Crossref]

El Hafid, H.

R. Belhoucif, M. Velázquez, Y. Petit, O. Pérez, B. Glorieux, O. Viraphong, P. de Marcillac, N. Coron, L. Torres, E. Véron, A. Kellou, P. Veber, R. Decourt, and H. El Hafid, “Growth and spectroscopic properties of 6Li- and 10B-enriched crystals for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers used in the rare events searches,” CrystEngComm 15(19), 3785–3792 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ferrier, A.

A. Ferrier, M. Velázquez, X. Portier, J.-L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “Tl3PbBr5: a possible crystal candidate for middle infrared nonlinear optics,” J. Cryst. Growth 289(1), 357–365 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Velázquez, A. Ferrier, J.-P. Chaminade, B. Menaert, and R. Moncorgé, “Growth and thermodynamic characterization of pure and Er-doped KPb2Cl5,” J. Cryst. Growth 286(2), 324–333 (2006).
[Crossref]

Frantz, J.

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic Laser Materials,” Materials (Basel) 5(12), 258–277 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gadret, G.

P. Veber, M. Velázquez, G. Gadret, D. Rytz, M. Peltz, and R. Decourt, “Flux growth at 1230°C of cubic Tb2O3 single crystals and characterization of their optical and magnetic properties,” CrystEngComm 17(3), 492–497 (2015).
[Crossref]

Garapon, C.

A. Garcia-Murillo, C. Le Luyer, C. Dujardin, T. Martin, C. Garapon, C. Pédrini, and J. Mugnier, “Elaboration and scintillation properties of Eu3+-doped Gd2O3 and Lu2O3 sol–gel films,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 486(1-2), 181–185 (2002).
[Crossref]

García-Moreno, F.

A. Rack, F. García-Moreno, T. Baumbach, and J. Banhart, “Synchrotron-based radioscopy employing spatio-temporal micro-resolution for studying fast phenomena in liquid metal foams,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 16(Pt 3), 432–434 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Garcia-Murillo, A.

A. Garcia-Murillo, C. Le Luyer, C. Dujardin, T. Martin, C. Garapon, C. Pédrini, and J. Mugnier, “Elaboration and scintillation properties of Eu3+-doped Gd2O3 and Lu2O3 sol–gel films,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 486(1-2), 181–185 (2002).
[Crossref]

Georges, P.

Glorieux, B.

R. Belhoucif, M. Velázquez, Y. Petit, O. Pérez, B. Glorieux, O. Viraphong, P. de Marcillac, N. Coron, L. Torres, E. Véron, A. Kellou, P. Veber, R. Decourt, and H. El Hafid, “Growth and spectroscopic properties of 6Li- and 10B-enriched crystals for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers used in the rare events searches,” CrystEngComm 15(19), 3785–3792 (2013).
[Crossref]

Goldner, P.

M. Velázquez, P. Veber, G. Buşe, Y. Petit, P. Goldner, V. Jubera, D. Rytz, A. Jaffres, M. Peltz, V. Wesemann, P. Aschehough, and G. Aka, “Spectroscopic properties of newly flux grown and highly Yb3+-doped RE2O3:Yb3+ (RE=Y,Gd,Lu) laser crystals,” Opt. Mater. 39, 258–264 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gonzalo, J.

S. Bär, G. Huber, J. Gonzalo, A. Perea, A. Climent, and F. Paszti, “Europium-doped sesquioxide thin films grown on sapphire by PLD,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 105(1-3), 30–33 (2003).
[Crossref]

Graf, T.

Gruber, J. B.

R. P. Leavitt, J. B. Gruber, N. C. Chang, and C. A. Morrison, “Optical spectra, energy levels, and crystal‐field analysis of tripositive rare‐earth ions in Y2O3. II. Non‐Kramers ions in C2 sites,” J. Chem. Phys. 76(10), 4775–4788 (1982).
[Crossref]

Huber, G.

S. Bär, G. Huber, J. Gonzalo, A. Perea, A. Climent, and F. Paszti, “Europium-doped sesquioxide thin films grown on sapphire by PLD,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 105(1-3), 30–33 (2003).
[Crossref]

V. Peters, A. Bolz, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Growth of high-melting sesquioxides by the heat exchanger method,” J. Cryst. Growth 237–239, 879–883 (2002).
[Crossref]

Imanaka, N.

Adachi Gy and N. Imanaka, “The binary rare-earth oxides,” Chem. Rev. 98(4), 1479–1514 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Irvine, S.

J. Sun, P. Liu, S. Irvine, B. Pinzer, M. Stampanoni, and L. X. Xu, “Preliminary comparison of grating-based and in-line phase contrast X-ray imaging with Synchrotron radiation for mouse kidney at TOMCAT,” J. Instrum. 8(06), C06003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jaffres, A.

M. Velázquez, P. Veber, G. Buşe, Y. Petit, P. Goldner, V. Jubera, D. Rytz, A. Jaffres, M. Peltz, V. Wesemann, P. Aschehough, and G. Aka, “Spectroscopic properties of newly flux grown and highly Yb3+-doped RE2O3:Yb3+ (RE=Y,Gd,Lu) laser crystals,” Opt. Mater. 39, 258–264 (2015).
[Crossref]

Janicot, S.

Jerzykiewicz, L. B.

J. Zeler, L. B. Jerzykiewicz, and E. Zych, “Flux-Aided Synthesis of Lu2O3 and Lu2O3:Eu—Single Crystal Structure, Morphology Control and Radioluminescence Efficiency,” Materials (Basel) 7(10), 7059–7072 (2014).
[Crossref]

Josse, M.

E. Castel, P. Veber, M. Albino, M. Velázquez, S. Péchev, D. Denux, J.-P. Chaminade, M. Maglione, and M. Josse, “Crystal growth and characterization of Tetragonal Tungsten Bronze ferroniobates Ba2LnFeNb4O15,” J. Cryst. Growth 340(1), 156–165 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jubera, V.

M. Velázquez, P. Veber, G. Buşe, Y. Petit, P. Goldner, V. Jubera, D. Rytz, A. Jaffres, M. Peltz, V. Wesemann, P. Aschehough, and G. Aka, “Spectroscopic properties of newly flux grown and highly Yb3+-doped RE2O3:Yb3+ (RE=Y,Gd,Lu) laser crystals,” Opt. Mater. 39, 258–264 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Veber, M. Velázquez, V. Jubera, S. Pechev, and O. Viraphong, “Flux growth of Yb3+-doped RE2O3 (RE=Y,Lu) single crystals at half their melting point temperature,” CrystEngComm 13(16), 5220–5225 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kang, Y. C.

D. J. Seo, Y. C. Kang, and S. B. Park, “The synthesis of (Y1−xGdx)2O3:Eu phosphor particles by flame spray pyrolysis with LiCl flux,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 77(5), 659–663 (2003).
[Crossref]

Y. C. Kang, H. S. Roh, S. B. Park, and H. D. Park, “Use of LiCl flux in the preparation of Y2O3:Eu phosphor particles by spray pyrolysis,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 22(9-10), 1661–1665 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kellou, A.

R. Belhoucif, M. Velázquez, Y. Petit, O. Pérez, B. Glorieux, O. Viraphong, P. de Marcillac, N. Coron, L. Torres, E. Véron, A. Kellou, P. Veber, R. Decourt, and H. El Hafid, “Growth and spectroscopic properties of 6Li- and 10B-enriched crystals for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers used in the rare events searches,” CrystEngComm 15(19), 3785–3792 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kim, W.

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic Laser Materials,” Materials (Basel) 5(12), 258–277 (2012).
[Crossref]

Koch, A.

T. Martin and A. Koch, “Recent developments in X-ray imaging with micrometer spatial resolution,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 13(Pt 2), 180–194 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kolis, J. W.

C. D. McMillen and J. W. Kolis, “Hydrothermal single crystal growth of Sc2O3 and lanthanide-doped Sc2O3,” J. Cryst. Growth 310(7-9), 1939–1942 (2008).
[Crossref]

Krapp, H. G.

R. Mokso, D. A. Schwyn, S. M. Walker, M. Doube, M. Wicklein, T. Müller, M. Stampanoni, G. K. Taylor, and H. G. Krapp, “Four-dimensional in vivo X-ray microscopy with projection-guided gating,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8727 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuntz, J. D.

Z. M. Seeley, Z. R. Dai, J. D. Kuntz, N. J. Cherepy, and S. A. Payne, “Phase stabilization in transparent Lu2O3:Eu ceramics by lattice expansion,” Opt. Mater. 35(1), 74–78 (2012).
[Crossref]

Le Luyer, C.

A. Garcia-Murillo, C. Le Luyer, C. Dujardin, T. Martin, C. Garapon, C. Pédrini, and J. Mugnier, “Elaboration and scintillation properties of Eu3+-doped Gd2O3 and Lu2O3 sol–gel films,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 486(1-2), 181–185 (2002).
[Crossref]

Leavitt, R. P.

R. P. Leavitt, J. B. Gruber, N. C. Chang, and C. A. Morrison, “Optical spectra, energy levels, and crystal‐field analysis of tripositive rare‐earth ions in Y2O3. II. Non‐Kramers ions in C2 sites,” J. Chem. Phys. 76(10), 4775–4788 (1982).
[Crossref]

Li, J.-G.

B. Lu, J.-G. Li, and Y. Sakka, “Controlled processing of (Gd,Ln)2O3:Eu (Ln=Y, Lu) red phosphor particles and compositional effects on photoluminescence,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 14(6), 064202 (2013).
[Crossref]

Linarès, C.

C. Linarès, “Optical spectra and crystal field of the Europium(III) ion in some rare-earth metal oxide,” J. Phys. 29(10), 917–925 (1968).

Liu, P.

J. Sun, P. Liu, S. Irvine, B. Pinzer, M. Stampanoni, and L. X. Xu, “Preliminary comparison of grating-based and in-line phase contrast X-ray imaging with Synchrotron radiation for mouse kidney at TOMCAT,” J. Instrum. 8(06), C06003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lu, B.

B. Lu, J.-G. Li, and Y. Sakka, “Controlled processing of (Gd,Ln)2O3:Eu (Ln=Y, Lu) red phosphor particles and compositional effects on photoluminescence,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 14(6), 064202 (2013).
[Crossref]

Maglione, M.

E. Castel, P. Veber, M. Albino, M. Velázquez, S. Péchev, D. Denux, J.-P. Chaminade, M. Maglione, and M. Josse, “Crystal growth and characterization of Tetragonal Tungsten Bronze ferroniobates Ba2LnFeNb4O15,” J. Cryst. Growth 340(1), 156–165 (2012).
[Crossref]

Martin, T.

T. Martin and A. Koch, “Recent developments in X-ray imaging with micrometer spatial resolution,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 13(Pt 2), 180–194 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Garcia-Murillo, C. Le Luyer, C. Dujardin, T. Martin, C. Garapon, C. Pédrini, and J. Mugnier, “Elaboration and scintillation properties of Eu3+-doped Gd2O3 and Lu2O3 sol–gel films,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 486(1-2), 181–185 (2002).
[Crossref]

Mateychenko, P. V.

N. A. Dulina, Y. V. Yermolayeva, A. V. Tolmachev, Z. P. Sergienko, O. M. Vovk, E. A. Vovk, N. A. Matveevskaya, and P. V. Mateychenko, “Synthesis and characterization of the crystalline powders on the basis of Lu2O3:Eu3+ spherical submicron-sized particles,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 30(7), 1717–1724 (2010).
[Crossref]

Matveevskaya, N. A.

N. A. Dulina, Y. V. Yermolayeva, A. V. Tolmachev, Z. P. Sergienko, O. M. Vovk, E. A. Vovk, N. A. Matveevskaya, and P. V. Mateychenko, “Synthesis and characterization of the crystalline powders on the basis of Lu2O3:Eu3+ spherical submicron-sized particles,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 30(7), 1717–1724 (2010).
[Crossref]

McMillen, C. D.

C. D. McMillen and J. W. Kolis, “Hydrothermal single crystal growth of Sc2O3 and lanthanide-doped Sc2O3,” J. Cryst. Growth 310(7-9), 1939–1942 (2008).
[Crossref]

Menaert, B.

M. Velázquez, A. Ferrier, J.-P. Chaminade, B. Menaert, and R. Moncorgé, “Growth and thermodynamic characterization of pure and Er-doped KPb2Cl5,” J. Cryst. Growth 286(2), 324–333 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mokso, R.

R. Mokso, D. A. Schwyn, S. M. Walker, M. Doube, M. Wicklein, T. Müller, M. Stampanoni, G. K. Taylor, and H. G. Krapp, “Four-dimensional in vivo X-ray microscopy with projection-guided gating,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8727 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moncorgé, R.

M. Velázquez, A. Ferrier, J.-P. Chaminade, B. Menaert, and R. Moncorgé, “Growth and thermodynamic characterization of pure and Er-doped KPb2Cl5,” J. Cryst. Growth 286(2), 324–333 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Ferrier, M. Velázquez, X. Portier, J.-L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “Tl3PbBr5: a possible crystal candidate for middle infrared nonlinear optics,” J. Cryst. Growth 289(1), 357–365 (2006).
[Crossref]

Morrison, C. A.

R. P. Leavitt, J. B. Gruber, N. C. Chang, and C. A. Morrison, “Optical spectra, energy levels, and crystal‐field analysis of tripositive rare‐earth ions in Y2O3. II. Non‐Kramers ions in C2 sites,” J. Chem. Phys. 76(10), 4775–4788 (1982).
[Crossref]

Mugnier, J.

A. Garcia-Murillo, C. Le Luyer, C. Dujardin, T. Martin, C. Garapon, C. Pédrini, and J. Mugnier, “Elaboration and scintillation properties of Eu3+-doped Gd2O3 and Lu2O3 sol–gel films,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 486(1-2), 181–185 (2002).
[Crossref]

Müller, T.

R. Mokso, D. A. Schwyn, S. M. Walker, M. Doube, M. Wicklein, T. Müller, M. Stampanoni, G. K. Taylor, and H. G. Krapp, “Four-dimensional in vivo X-ray microscopy with projection-guided gating,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8727 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nikl, M.

M. Nikl, “Scintillation detectors for X-rays,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(4), 37–54 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ouadjaout, D.

Park, H. D.

Y. C. Kang, H. S. Roh, S. B. Park, and H. D. Park, “Use of LiCl flux in the preparation of Y2O3:Eu phosphor particles by spray pyrolysis,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 22(9-10), 1661–1665 (2002).
[Crossref]

Park, S. B.

D. J. Seo, Y. C. Kang, and S. B. Park, “The synthesis of (Y1−xGdx)2O3:Eu phosphor particles by flame spray pyrolysis with LiCl flux,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 77(5), 659–663 (2003).
[Crossref]

Y. C. Kang, H. S. Roh, S. B. Park, and H. D. Park, “Use of LiCl flux in the preparation of Y2O3:Eu phosphor particles by spray pyrolysis,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 22(9-10), 1661–1665 (2002).
[Crossref]

Paszti, F.

S. Bär, G. Huber, J. Gonzalo, A. Perea, A. Climent, and F. Paszti, “Europium-doped sesquioxide thin films grown on sapphire by PLD,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 105(1-3), 30–33 (2003).
[Crossref]

Payne, S.

Payne, S. A.

Z. M. Seeley, Z. R. Dai, J. D. Kuntz, N. J. Cherepy, and S. A. Payne, “Phase stabilization in transparent Lu2O3:Eu ceramics by lattice expansion,” Opt. Mater. 35(1), 74–78 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pechev, S.

P. Veber, M. Velázquez, V. Jubera, S. Pechev, and O. Viraphong, “Flux growth of Yb3+-doped RE2O3 (RE=Y,Lu) single crystals at half their melting point temperature,” CrystEngComm 13(16), 5220–5225 (2011).
[Crossref]

Péchev, S.

E. Castel, P. Veber, M. Albino, M. Velázquez, S. Péchev, D. Denux, J.-P. Chaminade, M. Maglione, and M. Josse, “Crystal growth and characterization of Tetragonal Tungsten Bronze ferroniobates Ba2LnFeNb4O15,” J. Cryst. Growth 340(1), 156–165 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pédrini, C.

A. Garcia-Murillo, C. Le Luyer, C. Dujardin, T. Martin, C. Garapon, C. Pédrini, and J. Mugnier, “Elaboration and scintillation properties of Eu3+-doped Gd2O3 and Lu2O3 sol–gel films,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 486(1-2), 181–185 (2002).
[Crossref]

Peltz, M.

M. Velázquez, P. Veber, G. Buşe, Y. Petit, P. Goldner, V. Jubera, D. Rytz, A. Jaffres, M. Peltz, V. Wesemann, P. Aschehough, and G. Aka, “Spectroscopic properties of newly flux grown and highly Yb3+-doped RE2O3:Yb3+ (RE=Y,Gd,Lu) laser crystals,” Opt. Mater. 39, 258–264 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Veber, M. Velázquez, G. Gadret, D. Rytz, M. Peltz, and R. Decourt, “Flux growth at 1230°C of cubic Tb2O3 single crystals and characterization of their optical and magnetic properties,” CrystEngComm 17(3), 492–497 (2015).
[Crossref]

Perea, A.

S. Bär, G. Huber, J. Gonzalo, A. Perea, A. Climent, and F. Paszti, “Europium-doped sesquioxide thin films grown on sapphire by PLD,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 105(1-3), 30–33 (2003).
[Crossref]

Pérez, O.

R. Belhoucif, M. Velazquez, Y. Petit, O. Plantevin, M. A. Couto dos Santos, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, M. Couzi, O. Pérez, O. Viraphong, P. Veber, D. Denux, R. Decourt, and D. Ouadjaout, “Anisotropy of the spectroscopic, optical and thermo-mechanical properties of Li6Eu1-xGdx(BO3)3 crystals optimized for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(10), 2042–2065 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Belhoucif, M. Velázquez, Y. Petit, O. Pérez, B. Glorieux, O. Viraphong, P. de Marcillac, N. Coron, L. Torres, E. Véron, A. Kellou, P. Veber, R. Decourt, and H. El Hafid, “Growth and spectroscopic properties of 6Li- and 10B-enriched crystals for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers used in the rare events searches,” CrystEngComm 15(19), 3785–3792 (2013).
[Crossref]

Petermann, K.

V. Peters, A. Bolz, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Growth of high-melting sesquioxides by the heat exchanger method,” J. Cryst. Growth 237–239, 879–883 (2002).
[Crossref]

Peters, V.

V. Peters, A. Bolz, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Growth of high-melting sesquioxides by the heat exchanger method,” J. Cryst. Growth 237–239, 879–883 (2002).
[Crossref]

Petit, Y.

M. Velázquez, P. Veber, G. Buşe, Y. Petit, P. Goldner, V. Jubera, D. Rytz, A. Jaffres, M. Peltz, V. Wesemann, P. Aschehough, and G. Aka, “Spectroscopic properties of newly flux grown and highly Yb3+-doped RE2O3:Yb3+ (RE=Y,Gd,Lu) laser crystals,” Opt. Mater. 39, 258–264 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Belhoucif, M. Velazquez, Y. Petit, O. Plantevin, M. A. Couto dos Santos, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, M. Couzi, O. Pérez, O. Viraphong, P. Veber, D. Denux, R. Decourt, and D. Ouadjaout, “Anisotropy of the spectroscopic, optical and thermo-mechanical properties of Li6Eu1-xGdx(BO3)3 crystals optimized for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(10), 2042–2065 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Belhoucif, M. Velázquez, Y. Petit, O. Pérez, B. Glorieux, O. Viraphong, P. de Marcillac, N. Coron, L. Torres, E. Véron, A. Kellou, P. Veber, R. Decourt, and H. El Hafid, “Growth and spectroscopic properties of 6Li- and 10B-enriched crystals for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers used in the rare events searches,” CrystEngComm 15(19), 3785–3792 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pinzer, B.

J. Sun, P. Liu, S. Irvine, B. Pinzer, M. Stampanoni, and L. X. Xu, “Preliminary comparison of grating-based and in-line phase contrast X-ray imaging with Synchrotron radiation for mouse kidney at TOMCAT,” J. Instrum. 8(06), C06003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Plantevin, O.

Porcher, P.

P. Caro and P. Porcher, “The paramagnetic susceptibility of C-type europium sesquioxide,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 58(1-2), 61–66 (1986).
[Crossref]

Portier, X.

A. Ferrier, M. Velázquez, X. Portier, J.-L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “Tl3PbBr5: a possible crystal candidate for middle infrared nonlinear optics,” J. Cryst. Growth 289(1), 357–365 (2006).
[Crossref]

Rack, A.

A. Rack, F. García-Moreno, T. Baumbach, and J. Banhart, “Synchrotron-based radioscopy employing spatio-temporal micro-resolution for studying fast phenomena in liquid metal foams,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 16(Pt 3), 432–434 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rodriguez, V.

Roh, H. S.

Y. C. Kang, H. S. Roh, S. B. Park, and H. D. Park, “Use of LiCl flux in the preparation of Y2O3:Eu phosphor particles by spray pyrolysis,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 22(9-10), 1661–1665 (2002).
[Crossref]

Rytz, D.

M. Velázquez, P. Veber, G. Buşe, Y. Petit, P. Goldner, V. Jubera, D. Rytz, A. Jaffres, M. Peltz, V. Wesemann, P. Aschehough, and G. Aka, “Spectroscopic properties of newly flux grown and highly Yb3+-doped RE2O3:Yb3+ (RE=Y,Gd,Lu) laser crystals,” Opt. Mater. 39, 258–264 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Veber, M. Velázquez, G. Gadret, D. Rytz, M. Peltz, and R. Decourt, “Flux growth at 1230°C of cubic Tb2O3 single crystals and characterization of their optical and magnetic properties,” CrystEngComm 17(3), 492–497 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Druon, M. Velázquez, P. Veber, S. Janicot, O. Viraphong, G. Buşe, M. A. Ahmed, T. Graf, D. Rytz, and P. Georges, “Laser demonstration with highly doped Yb3+:Gd2O3 and Yb3+:Y2O3 crystals grown by an original flux method,” Opt. Lett. 38(20), 4146–4149 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sadowski, B.

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic Laser Materials,” Materials (Basel) 5(12), 258–277 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sakka, Y.

B. Lu, J.-G. Li, and Y. Sakka, “Controlled processing of (Gd,Ln)2O3:Eu (Ln=Y, Lu) red phosphor particles and compositional effects on photoluminescence,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 14(6), 064202 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sanghera, J.

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic Laser Materials,” Materials (Basel) 5(12), 258–277 (2012).
[Crossref]

Schwyn, D. A.

R. Mokso, D. A. Schwyn, S. M. Walker, M. Doube, M. Wicklein, T. Müller, M. Stampanoni, G. K. Taylor, and H. G. Krapp, “Four-dimensional in vivo X-ray microscopy with projection-guided gating,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8727 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Seeley, Z.

Seeley, Z. M.

Z. M. Seeley, Z. R. Dai, J. D. Kuntz, N. J. Cherepy, and S. A. Payne, “Phase stabilization in transparent Lu2O3:Eu ceramics by lattice expansion,” Opt. Mater. 35(1), 74–78 (2012).
[Crossref]

Seo, D. J.

D. J. Seo, Y. C. Kang, and S. B. Park, “The synthesis of (Y1−xGdx)2O3:Eu phosphor particles by flame spray pyrolysis with LiCl flux,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 77(5), 659–663 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sergienko, Z. P.

N. A. Dulina, Y. V. Yermolayeva, A. V. Tolmachev, Z. P. Sergienko, O. M. Vovk, E. A. Vovk, N. A. Matveevskaya, and P. V. Mateychenko, “Synthesis and characterization of the crystalline powders on the basis of Lu2O3:Eu3+ spherical submicron-sized particles,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 30(7), 1717–1724 (2010).
[Crossref]

Shaw, B.

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic Laser Materials,” Materials (Basel) 5(12), 258–277 (2012).
[Crossref]

Stampanoni, M.

R. Mokso, D. A. Schwyn, S. M. Walker, M. Doube, M. Wicklein, T. Müller, M. Stampanoni, G. K. Taylor, and H. G. Krapp, “Four-dimensional in vivo X-ray microscopy with projection-guided gating,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8727 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Sun, P. Liu, S. Irvine, B. Pinzer, M. Stampanoni, and L. X. Xu, “Preliminary comparison of grating-based and in-line phase contrast X-ray imaging with Synchrotron radiation for mouse kidney at TOMCAT,” J. Instrum. 8(06), C06003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sun, J.

J. Sun, P. Liu, S. Irvine, B. Pinzer, M. Stampanoni, and L. X. Xu, “Preliminary comparison of grating-based and in-line phase contrast X-ray imaging with Synchrotron radiation for mouse kidney at TOMCAT,” J. Instrum. 8(06), C06003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Taylor, G. K.

R. Mokso, D. A. Schwyn, S. M. Walker, M. Doube, M. Wicklein, T. Müller, M. Stampanoni, G. K. Taylor, and H. G. Krapp, “Four-dimensional in vivo X-ray microscopy with projection-guided gating,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8727 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tolmachev, A. V.

N. A. Dulina, Y. V. Yermolayeva, A. V. Tolmachev, Z. P. Sergienko, O. M. Vovk, E. A. Vovk, N. A. Matveevskaya, and P. V. Mateychenko, “Synthesis and characterization of the crystalline powders on the basis of Lu2O3:Eu3+ spherical submicron-sized particles,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 30(7), 1717–1724 (2010).
[Crossref]

Torres, L.

R. Belhoucif, M. Velázquez, Y. Petit, O. Pérez, B. Glorieux, O. Viraphong, P. de Marcillac, N. Coron, L. Torres, E. Véron, A. Kellou, P. Veber, R. Decourt, and H. El Hafid, “Growth and spectroscopic properties of 6Li- and 10B-enriched crystals for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers used in the rare events searches,” CrystEngComm 15(19), 3785–3792 (2013).
[Crossref]

Veber, P.

P. Veber, M. Velázquez, G. Gadret, D. Rytz, M. Peltz, and R. Decourt, “Flux growth at 1230°C of cubic Tb2O3 single crystals and characterization of their optical and magnetic properties,” CrystEngComm 17(3), 492–497 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Velázquez, P. Veber, G. Buşe, Y. Petit, P. Goldner, V. Jubera, D. Rytz, A. Jaffres, M. Peltz, V. Wesemann, P. Aschehough, and G. Aka, “Spectroscopic properties of newly flux grown and highly Yb3+-doped RE2O3:Yb3+ (RE=Y,Gd,Lu) laser crystals,” Opt. Mater. 39, 258–264 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Belhoucif, M. Velazquez, Y. Petit, O. Plantevin, M. A. Couto dos Santos, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, M. Couzi, O. Pérez, O. Viraphong, P. Veber, D. Denux, R. Decourt, and D. Ouadjaout, “Anisotropy of the spectroscopic, optical and thermo-mechanical properties of Li6Eu1-xGdx(BO3)3 crystals optimized for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(10), 2042–2065 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Druon, M. Velázquez, P. Veber, S. Janicot, O. Viraphong, G. Buşe, M. A. Ahmed, T. Graf, D. Rytz, and P. Georges, “Laser demonstration with highly doped Yb3+:Gd2O3 and Yb3+:Y2O3 crystals grown by an original flux method,” Opt. Lett. 38(20), 4146–4149 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Belhoucif, M. Velázquez, Y. Petit, O. Pérez, B. Glorieux, O. Viraphong, P. de Marcillac, N. Coron, L. Torres, E. Véron, A. Kellou, P. Veber, R. Decourt, and H. El Hafid, “Growth and spectroscopic properties of 6Li- and 10B-enriched crystals for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers used in the rare events searches,” CrystEngComm 15(19), 3785–3792 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. Castel, P. Veber, M. Albino, M. Velázquez, S. Péchev, D. Denux, J.-P. Chaminade, M. Maglione, and M. Josse, “Crystal growth and characterization of Tetragonal Tungsten Bronze ferroniobates Ba2LnFeNb4O15,” J. Cryst. Growth 340(1), 156–165 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Veber, M. Velázquez, V. Jubera, S. Pechev, and O. Viraphong, “Flux growth of Yb3+-doped RE2O3 (RE=Y,Lu) single crystals at half their melting point temperature,” CrystEngComm 13(16), 5220–5225 (2011).
[Crossref]

Velazquez, M.

Velázquez, M.

P. Veber, M. Velázquez, G. Gadret, D. Rytz, M. Peltz, and R. Decourt, “Flux growth at 1230°C of cubic Tb2O3 single crystals and characterization of their optical and magnetic properties,” CrystEngComm 17(3), 492–497 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Velázquez, P. Veber, G. Buşe, Y. Petit, P. Goldner, V. Jubera, D. Rytz, A. Jaffres, M. Peltz, V. Wesemann, P. Aschehough, and G. Aka, “Spectroscopic properties of newly flux grown and highly Yb3+-doped RE2O3:Yb3+ (RE=Y,Gd,Lu) laser crystals,” Opt. Mater. 39, 258–264 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Belhoucif, M. Velázquez, Y. Petit, O. Pérez, B. Glorieux, O. Viraphong, P. de Marcillac, N. Coron, L. Torres, E. Véron, A. Kellou, P. Veber, R. Decourt, and H. El Hafid, “Growth and spectroscopic properties of 6Li- and 10B-enriched crystals for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers used in the rare events searches,” CrystEngComm 15(19), 3785–3792 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Druon, M. Velázquez, P. Veber, S. Janicot, O. Viraphong, G. Buşe, M. A. Ahmed, T. Graf, D. Rytz, and P. Georges, “Laser demonstration with highly doped Yb3+:Gd2O3 and Yb3+:Y2O3 crystals grown by an original flux method,” Opt. Lett. 38(20), 4146–4149 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Castel, P. Veber, M. Albino, M. Velázquez, S. Péchev, D. Denux, J.-P. Chaminade, M. Maglione, and M. Josse, “Crystal growth and characterization of Tetragonal Tungsten Bronze ferroniobates Ba2LnFeNb4O15,” J. Cryst. Growth 340(1), 156–165 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Veber, M. Velázquez, V. Jubera, S. Pechev, and O. Viraphong, “Flux growth of Yb3+-doped RE2O3 (RE=Y,Lu) single crystals at half their melting point temperature,” CrystEngComm 13(16), 5220–5225 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Velázquez, A. Ferrier, J.-P. Chaminade, B. Menaert, and R. Moncorgé, “Growth and thermodynamic characterization of pure and Er-doped KPb2Cl5,” J. Cryst. Growth 286(2), 324–333 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Ferrier, M. Velázquez, X. Portier, J.-L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “Tl3PbBr5: a possible crystal candidate for middle infrared nonlinear optics,” J. Cryst. Growth 289(1), 357–365 (2006).
[Crossref]

Véron, E.

R. Belhoucif, M. Velázquez, Y. Petit, O. Pérez, B. Glorieux, O. Viraphong, P. de Marcillac, N. Coron, L. Torres, E. Véron, A. Kellou, P. Veber, R. Decourt, and H. El Hafid, “Growth and spectroscopic properties of 6Li- and 10B-enriched crystals for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers used in the rare events searches,” CrystEngComm 15(19), 3785–3792 (2013).
[Crossref]

Villalobos, G.

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic Laser Materials,” Materials (Basel) 5(12), 258–277 (2012).
[Crossref]

Viraphong, O.

R. Belhoucif, M. Velazquez, Y. Petit, O. Plantevin, M. A. Couto dos Santos, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, M. Couzi, O. Pérez, O. Viraphong, P. Veber, D. Denux, R. Decourt, and D. Ouadjaout, “Anisotropy of the spectroscopic, optical and thermo-mechanical properties of Li6Eu1-xGdx(BO3)3 crystals optimized for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(10), 2042–2065 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Druon, M. Velázquez, P. Veber, S. Janicot, O. Viraphong, G. Buşe, M. A. Ahmed, T. Graf, D. Rytz, and P. Georges, “Laser demonstration with highly doped Yb3+:Gd2O3 and Yb3+:Y2O3 crystals grown by an original flux method,” Opt. Lett. 38(20), 4146–4149 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Belhoucif, M. Velázquez, Y. Petit, O. Pérez, B. Glorieux, O. Viraphong, P. de Marcillac, N. Coron, L. Torres, E. Véron, A. Kellou, P. Veber, R. Decourt, and H. El Hafid, “Growth and spectroscopic properties of 6Li- and 10B-enriched crystals for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers used in the rare events searches,” CrystEngComm 15(19), 3785–3792 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Veber, M. Velázquez, V. Jubera, S. Pechev, and O. Viraphong, “Flux growth of Yb3+-doped RE2O3 (RE=Y,Lu) single crystals at half their melting point temperature,” CrystEngComm 13(16), 5220–5225 (2011).
[Crossref]

Vovk, E. A.

N. A. Dulina, Y. V. Yermolayeva, A. V. Tolmachev, Z. P. Sergienko, O. M. Vovk, E. A. Vovk, N. A. Matveevskaya, and P. V. Mateychenko, “Synthesis and characterization of the crystalline powders on the basis of Lu2O3:Eu3+ spherical submicron-sized particles,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 30(7), 1717–1724 (2010).
[Crossref]

Vovk, O. M.

N. A. Dulina, Y. V. Yermolayeva, A. V. Tolmachev, Z. P. Sergienko, O. M. Vovk, E. A. Vovk, N. A. Matveevskaya, and P. V. Mateychenko, “Synthesis and characterization of the crystalline powders on the basis of Lu2O3:Eu3+ spherical submicron-sized particles,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 30(7), 1717–1724 (2010).
[Crossref]

Walker, S. M.

R. Mokso, D. A. Schwyn, S. M. Walker, M. Doube, M. Wicklein, T. Müller, M. Stampanoni, G. K. Taylor, and H. G. Krapp, “Four-dimensional in vivo X-ray microscopy with projection-guided gating,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8727 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wesemann, V.

M. Velázquez, P. Veber, G. Buşe, Y. Petit, P. Goldner, V. Jubera, D. Rytz, A. Jaffres, M. Peltz, V. Wesemann, P. Aschehough, and G. Aka, “Spectroscopic properties of newly flux grown and highly Yb3+-doped RE2O3:Yb3+ (RE=Y,Gd,Lu) laser crystals,” Opt. Mater. 39, 258–264 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wicklein, M.

R. Mokso, D. A. Schwyn, S. M. Walker, M. Doube, M. Wicklein, T. Müller, M. Stampanoni, G. K. Taylor, and H. G. Krapp, “Four-dimensional in vivo X-ray microscopy with projection-guided gating,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8727 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, L. X.

J. Sun, P. Liu, S. Irvine, B. Pinzer, M. Stampanoni, and L. X. Xu, “Preliminary comparison of grating-based and in-line phase contrast X-ray imaging with Synchrotron radiation for mouse kidney at TOMCAT,” J. Instrum. 8(06), C06003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yermolayeva, Y. V.

N. A. Dulina, Y. V. Yermolayeva, A. V. Tolmachev, Z. P. Sergienko, O. M. Vovk, E. A. Vovk, N. A. Matveevskaya, and P. V. Mateychenko, “Synthesis and characterization of the crystalline powders on the basis of Lu2O3:Eu3+ spherical submicron-sized particles,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 30(7), 1717–1724 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yoshikawa, A.

A. Yoshikawa and V. Chani, “Growth of optical crystals by the micro-pulling-down method,” MRS Bull. 34(4), 266–270 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zeler, J.

J. Zeler, L. B. Jerzykiewicz, and E. Zych, “Flux-Aided Synthesis of Lu2O3 and Lu2O3:Eu—Single Crystal Structure, Morphology Control and Radioluminescence Efficiency,” Materials (Basel) 7(10), 7059–7072 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zych, E.

J. Zeler, L. B. Jerzykiewicz, and E. Zych, “Flux-Aided Synthesis of Lu2O3 and Lu2O3:Eu—Single Crystal Structure, Morphology Control and Radioluminescence Efficiency,” Materials (Basel) 7(10), 7059–7072 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

D. J. Seo, Y. C. Kang, and S. B. Park, “The synthesis of (Y1−xGdx)2O3:Eu phosphor particles by flame spray pyrolysis with LiCl flux,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 77(5), 659–663 (2003).
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Chem. Rev. (1)

Adachi Gy and N. Imanaka, “The binary rare-earth oxides,” Chem. Rev. 98(4), 1479–1514 (1998).
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CrystEngComm (3)

P. Veber, M. Velázquez, V. Jubera, S. Pechev, and O. Viraphong, “Flux growth of Yb3+-doped RE2O3 (RE=Y,Lu) single crystals at half their melting point temperature,” CrystEngComm 13(16), 5220–5225 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. Veber, M. Velázquez, G. Gadret, D. Rytz, M. Peltz, and R. Decourt, “Flux growth at 1230°C of cubic Tb2O3 single crystals and characterization of their optical and magnetic properties,” CrystEngComm 17(3), 492–497 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Belhoucif, M. Velázquez, Y. Petit, O. Pérez, B. Glorieux, O. Viraphong, P. de Marcillac, N. Coron, L. Torres, E. Véron, A. Kellou, P. Veber, R. Decourt, and H. El Hafid, “Growth and spectroscopic properties of 6Li- and 10B-enriched crystals for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers used in the rare events searches,” CrystEngComm 15(19), 3785–3792 (2013).
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R. P. Leavitt, J. B. Gruber, N. C. Chang, and C. A. Morrison, “Optical spectra, energy levels, and crystal‐field analysis of tripositive rare‐earth ions in Y2O3. II. Non‐Kramers ions in C2 sites,” J. Chem. Phys. 76(10), 4775–4788 (1982).
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J. Cryst. Growth (5)

M. Velázquez, A. Ferrier, J.-P. Chaminade, B. Menaert, and R. Moncorgé, “Growth and thermodynamic characterization of pure and Er-doped KPb2Cl5,” J. Cryst. Growth 286(2), 324–333 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Ferrier, M. Velázquez, X. Portier, J.-L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “Tl3PbBr5: a possible crystal candidate for middle infrared nonlinear optics,” J. Cryst. Growth 289(1), 357–365 (2006).
[Crossref]

E. Castel, P. Veber, M. Albino, M. Velázquez, S. Péchev, D. Denux, J.-P. Chaminade, M. Maglione, and M. Josse, “Crystal growth and characterization of Tetragonal Tungsten Bronze ferroniobates Ba2LnFeNb4O15,” J. Cryst. Growth 340(1), 156–165 (2012).
[Crossref]

V. Peters, A. Bolz, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Growth of high-melting sesquioxides by the heat exchanger method,” J. Cryst. Growth 237–239, 879–883 (2002).
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C. D. McMillen and J. W. Kolis, “Hydrothermal single crystal growth of Sc2O3 and lanthanide-doped Sc2O3,” J. Cryst. Growth 310(7-9), 1939–1942 (2008).
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J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. (2)

Y. C. Kang, H. S. Roh, S. B. Park, and H. D. Park, “Use of LiCl flux in the preparation of Y2O3:Eu phosphor particles by spray pyrolysis,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 22(9-10), 1661–1665 (2002).
[Crossref]

N. A. Dulina, Y. V. Yermolayeva, A. V. Tolmachev, Z. P. Sergienko, O. M. Vovk, E. A. Vovk, N. A. Matveevskaya, and P. V. Mateychenko, “Synthesis and characterization of the crystalline powders on the basis of Lu2O3:Eu3+ spherical submicron-sized particles,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 30(7), 1717–1724 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Instrum. (1)

J. Sun, P. Liu, S. Irvine, B. Pinzer, M. Stampanoni, and L. X. Xu, “Preliminary comparison of grating-based and in-line phase contrast X-ray imaging with Synchrotron radiation for mouse kidney at TOMCAT,” J. Instrum. 8(06), C06003 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Magn. Magn. Mater. (1)

P. Caro and P. Porcher, “The paramagnetic susceptibility of C-type europium sesquioxide,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 58(1-2), 61–66 (1986).
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J. Phys. (1)

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A. Rack, F. García-Moreno, T. Baumbach, and J. Banhart, “Synchrotron-based radioscopy employing spatio-temporal micro-resolution for studying fast phenomena in liquid metal foams,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 16(Pt 3), 432–434 (2009).
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Mater. Sci. Eng. B (1)

S. Bär, G. Huber, J. Gonzalo, A. Perea, A. Climent, and F. Paszti, “Europium-doped sesquioxide thin films grown on sapphire by PLD,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 105(1-3), 30–33 (2003).
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Materials (Basel) (2)

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic Laser Materials,” Materials (Basel) 5(12), 258–277 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Zeler, L. B. Jerzykiewicz, and E. Zych, “Flux-Aided Synthesis of Lu2O3 and Lu2O3:Eu—Single Crystal Structure, Morphology Control and Radioluminescence Efficiency,” Materials (Basel) 7(10), 7059–7072 (2014).
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M. Nikl, “Scintillation detectors for X-rays,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(4), 37–54 (2006).
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A. Yoshikawa and V. Chani, “Growth of optical crystals by the micro-pulling-down method,” MRS Bull. 34(4), 266–270 (2009).
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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 As-grown (Lu,Gd,Eu)2O3 bulk single crystal (~0.5 cm3) obtained by the flux method.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 FL-calibrated stimulated emission cross-section of the Y1.866Eu0.134O3 and Lu1.56Gd0.41Eu0.03O3 crystals at room temperature under excitation at 393 nm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 MKSA magnetic susceptibility of an Y1.866Eu0.134O3 flux-grown crystal. The energy level positions in the calculations were: C2 symmetry, E1 = 267.3 K, E2 = 510 K, E3 = 800 K and E4 = 1750 K (adapted from Table 2) ; C3i symmetry, E1 = 183.3 K, E2 = 714.4 K, E3 = 714.4 K and E4 = 1750 K (adapted from [28]).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 MKSA magnetic susceptibility and inverse magnetic susceptibility of a Lu1.56Gd0.41Eu0.03O3 flux-grown crystal.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Lu1.56Gd0.41Eu0.03O3 single crystal scintillation spectrum under X-ray excitation at 8 keV and matching with the atmel TH7899 Quantum Efficiency.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Transmission spectra of Lu1.56Gd0.41Eu0.03O3 and Y1.866Eu0.134O3 single crystals between 300 and 800 nm.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Afterglow of Lu1.56Gd0.41Eu0.03O3 single crystal at 8 keV for different exposure times (0.1 s, 1 s and 10 s), and comparison with a bulk LuAG:Ce crystal exposed during 1 s to X-rays.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 X-ray resolution target image of the Lu1.56Gd0.41Eu0.03O3 crystal. The field view is 1.3x1.3 mm2 and the grid lines thickness is ~25 μm.

Tables (3)

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Table 1 Results of the Judd-Ofelt analysis carried out in the Y1.866Eu0.134O3 (A) and Lu1.56Gd0.41Eu0.03O3 (B) single crystals: energy barycenter ν, Ω2,4 JO parameters, electric and magnetic oscillator strength (f), radiative transition rates (AR), branching ratios (βR), radiative lifetimes (τR).

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Table 2 Energy level positions determined at room temperature in the Y1.866Eu0.134O3 (A) and Lu1.56Gd0.41Eu0.03O3 (B) single crystals.

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Table 3 Conversion efficiency of Lu1.56Gd0.41Eu0.03O3 crystal compared with YAG:Ce and LuAG:Ce reference crystals.

Equations (1)

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σ EM = 1 8πc n 2 β R 1 τ R λ 5 I EM ( λ ) λ I EM ( λ )dλ

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