Abstract

A novel host lattice Na2Ca3Si2O8 was used for synthesizing long persistent phosphors for the first time. A blue-emitting long persistent phosphor was prepared successfully via a traditional high temperature solid-state reaction method. The phase structure was checked by XRD. The photoluminescence and persistent luminescence decay properties of Ce3+-doped samples were studied systematically. The defects acting as traps were investigated by thermoluminescence. It demonstrated that the doping Ce3+ ions into the Na2Ca3Si2O8 host not only largely enriched the intrinsic traps but also introduced abundant new extrinsic traps which play a determining role in the generation of persistent luminescence. The origin of the persistent luminescence was analyzed and a related mechanism was systematically discussed based on a schematic diagram as well.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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  4. T. Matsuzawa, Y. Aoki, N. Takeuchi, and Y. Murayama, “A new long phosphorescent phosphor with high brightness, SrAl2O4: Eu2+, Dy3+,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 143(8), 2670–2673 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  5. Y. Jin, Y. Hu, L. Chen, X. Wang, G. Ju, and Z. Mou, “Luminescence properties of dual-emission (UV/visible) long afterglow phosphor SrZrO3: Pr3+,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(12), 3821–3827 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  6. D. Gourier, A. Bessière, S. K. Sharma, L. Binet, B. Viana, N. Basavaraju, and K. R. Priolkar, “Origin of the visible light induced persistent luminescence of Cr3+-doped zinc gallate,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 75(7), 826–837 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  7. Y. Zhuang, J. Ueda, and S. Tanabe, “Multi-color persistent luminescence in transparent glass ceramics containing spinel nano-crystals with Mn2+ ions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(19), 191904 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  8. B. Qu, B. Zhang, L. Wang, R. Zhou, and X. C. Zeng, “Mechanistic study of the persistent luminescence of CaAl2O4: Eu, Nd,” Chem. Mater. 27(6), 2195–2202 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  9. L. C. Rodrigues, H. F. Brito, J. Holsa, R. Stefani, M. C. Felinto, M. Lastusaari, T. Laamanen, and L. A. Nunes, “Discovery of the persistent luminescence mechanism of CdSiO3: Tb3+,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(20), 11232–11240 (2012).
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  10. Y. Jin, Y. Hu, H. Duan, L. Chen, and X. Wang, “The long persistent luminescence properties of phosphors: Li2ZnGeO4 and Li2ZnGeO4: Mn2+,” RSC Adv. 4(22), 11360–11366 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  11. Z. Pan, Y.-Y. Lu, and F. Liu, “Sunlight-activated long-persistent luminescence in the near-infrared from Cr(3+)-doped zinc gallogermanates,” Nat. Mater. 11(1), 58–63 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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  18. Z. Xia, Y. Zhang, M. S. Molokeev, V. V. Atuchin, and Y. Luo, “Linear structural evolution induced tunable photoluminescence in clinopyroxene solid-solution phosphors,” Sci Rep 3, 3310 (2013).
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  19. W. Chen, Y. Wang, X. Xu, W. Zeng, and Y. Gong, “A new long-lasting phosphor Ce3+ doped Ca3Al2O6,” ECS Solid State Lett. 1(4), R17–R19 (2012).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  32. Y. Jin, Y. Hu, R. Chen, Y. Fu, G. Ju, Z. Mu, J. Lin, Z. Wang, F. Xue, and Q. Zhang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of a novel yellowish-pink emissive long persistent luminescence phosphor Cd2GeO4: Pr3+,” J. Alloys Compd. 623, 255–260 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  33. W. Zeng, Y. Wang, S. Han, W. Chen, G. Li, Y. Wang, and Y. Wen, “Design, synthesis and characterization of a novel yellow long-persistent phosphor: Ca2BO3Cl: Eu2+, Dy3+,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(17), 3004–3011 (2013).
    [Crossref]
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2015 (3)

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, Y. Fu, G. Ju, Z. Mu, R. Chen, J. Lin, and Z. Wang, “Preparation, design, and characterization of the novel long persistent phosphors: Na2ZnGeO4 and Na2ZnGeO4: Mn2+,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1555–1561 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Qu, B. Zhang, L. Wang, R. Zhou, and X. C. Zeng, “Mechanistic study of the persistent luminescence of CaAl2O4: Eu, Nd,” Chem. Mater. 27(6), 2195–2202 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, R. Chen, Y. Fu, G. Ju, Z. Mu, J. Lin, Z. Wang, F. Xue, and Q. Zhang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of a novel yellowish-pink emissive long persistent luminescence phosphor Cd2GeO4: Pr3+,” J. Alloys Compd. 623, 255–260 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (12)

Y. Luo and Z. Xia, “Effect of Al/Ga substitution on photoluminescence and phosphorescence properties of garnet-type Y3Sc2Ga3–xAlxO12: Ce3+ phosphor,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(40), 23297–23305 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin and Y. Hu, “Tunable blue–green color emission and energy transfer properties of Li2CaGeO4: Ce3+, Tb3+ phosphors for near-UV white-light LEDs,” J. Alloys Compd. 610, 695–700 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, H. Duan, L. Chen, and X. Wang, “The long persistent luminescence properties of phosphors: Li2ZnGeO4 and Li2ZnGeO4: Mn2+,” RSC Adv. 4(22), 11360–11366 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Kitaura, A. Sato, K. Kamada, A. Ohnishi, and M. Sasaki, “Phosphorescence of Ce-doped Gd3Al2Ga3O12 crystals studied using luminescence spectroscopy,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(8), 083517 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Wang, H. Lin, Y. Yu, D. Chen, R. Zhang, J. Xu, and Y. Wang, “Ce3+/Pr3+: YAGG: a long persistent phosphor activated by blue-light,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(8), 2539–2545 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Gourier, A. Bessière, S. K. Sharma, L. Binet, B. Viana, N. Basavaraju, and K. R. Priolkar, “Origin of the visible light induced persistent luminescence of Cr3+-doped zinc gallate,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 75(7), 826–837 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhuang, J. Ueda, and S. Tanabe, “Multi-color persistent luminescence in transparent glass ceramics containing spinel nano-crystals with Mn2+ ions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(19), 191904 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Liu, Y. Liang, and Z. Pan, “Detection of up-converted persistent luminescence in the near infrared emitted by the Zn3Ga2GeO8: Cr3+, Yb3+, Er3+ phosphor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(17), 177401 (2014).

L. C. Rodrigues, J. Hölsä, M. Lastusaari, M. C. Felinto, and H. F. Brito, “Defect to R3+ energy transfer: colour tuning of persistent luminescence in CdSiO3,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2(9), 1612–1618 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Katayama, J. Ueda, and S. Tanabe, “Effect of Bi2O3 doping on persistent luminescence of MgGeO3: Mn2+ phosphor,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(4), 613–623 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Chen, Y. Chen, H. Lu, and Z. Ji, “A bifunctional Cr/Yb/Tm:Ca3Ga2Ge3O12 phosphor with near-infrared long-lasting phosphorescence and upconversion luminescence,” Inorg. Chem. 53(16), 8638–8645 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Luo, Z. Xia, H. Liu, and Y. He, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of blue-emitting phosphor K2Ca2Si2O7:Ce3+,” Opt. Mater. 36(3), 723–726 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (5)

Z. Xia, Y. Zhang, M. S. Molokeev, V. V. Atuchin, and Y. Luo, “Linear structural evolution induced tunable photoluminescence in clinopyroxene solid-solution phosphors,” Sci Rep 3, 3310 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, L. Chen, X. Wang, G. Ju, and Z. Mou, “Luminescence properties of dual-emission (UV/visible) long afterglow phosphor SrZrO3: Pr3+,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(12), 3821–3827 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhuang, J. Ueda, and S. Tanabe, “Tunable trap depth in Zn(Ga1−xAlx)2O4:Cr, Bi red persistent phosphors: considerations of high-temperature persistent luminescence and photostimulated persistent luminescence,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(47), 7849–7855 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, L. Chen, X. Wang, G. Ju, and Z. Mu, “Luminescent properties of Tb3+-doped Ca2SnO4 phosphor,” J. Lumin. 138, 83–88 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Zeng, Y. Wang, S. Han, W. Chen, G. Li, Y. Wang, and Y. Wen, “Design, synthesis and characterization of a novel yellow long-persistent phosphor: Ca2BO3Cl: Eu2+, Dy3+,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(17), 3004–3011 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

D. Wei, Y. Huang, S. Zhang, Y. Yu, and H. Seo, “Luminescence spectroscopy of Ce3+-doped ABaPO4 (A= Li, Na, K) phosphors,” Appl. Phys. B 108(2), 447–453 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. C. Rodrigues, H. F. Brito, J. Holsa, R. Stefani, M. C. Felinto, M. Lastusaari, T. Laamanen, and L. A. Nunes, “Discovery of the persistent luminescence mechanism of CdSiO3: Tb3+,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(20), 11232–11240 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Chen, Y. Wang, X. Xu, W. Zeng, and Y. Gong, “A new long-lasting phosphor Ce3+ doped Ca3Al2O6,” ECS Solid State Lett. 1(4), R17–R19 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

J. Ueda, K. Aishima, S. Nishiura, and S. Tanabe, “Afterglow luminescence in Ce3+-doped Y3Sc2Ga3O12 ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Express 4(4), 042602 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Pan, Y.-Y. Lu, and F. Liu, “Sunlight-activated long-persistent luminescence in the near-infrared from Cr(3+)-doped zinc gallogermanates,” Nat. Mater. 11(1), 58–63 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

K. Van den Eeckhout, P. F. Smet, and D. Poelman, “Persistent luminescence in Eu2+-doped Compounds: A Review,” Materials (Basel) 3(4), 2536–2566 (2010).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

T. Aitasalo, J. Hölsä, H. Jungner, M. Lastusaari, and J. Niittykoski, “Thermoluminescence study of persistent luminescence materials: Eu2+- and R3+-doped calcium aluminates, CaAl2O4:Eu2+,R3+.,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(10), 4589–4598 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

D. Jia and W. Yen, “Trapping mechanism associated with electron delocalization and tunneling of CaAl2O4: Ce3+, a persistent phosphor,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 150(3), H61–H65 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

D. Jia, X.- Wang, E. Van der Kolk, and W. Yen, “Site dependent thermoluminescence of long persistent phosphorescence of BaAl2O4: Ce3+,” Opt. Commun. 204(1-6), 247–251 (2002).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

N. Kodama, T. Takahashi, M. Yamaga, Y. Tanii, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Long-lasting phosphorescence in Ce3+-doped Ca2Al2SiO7 and CaYAl3O7 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(12), 1715–1717 (1999).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

T. Matsuzawa, Y. Aoki, N. Takeuchi, and Y. Murayama, “A new long phosphorescent phosphor with high brightness, SrAl2O4: Eu2+, Dy3+,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 143(8), 2670–2673 (1996).
[Crossref]

1968 (1)

J. Tauc, “Optical properties and electronic structure of amorphous Ge and Si,” Mater. Res. Bull. 3(1), 37–46 (1968).
[Crossref]

1966 (1)

J. Tauc, R. Grigorovici, and A. Vancu, “Optical properties and electronic structure of amorphous germanium,” Phys. Status Solidi B 15(2), 627–637 (1966).
[Crossref]

Aishima, K.

J. Ueda, K. Aishima, S. Nishiura, and S. Tanabe, “Afterglow luminescence in Ce3+-doped Y3Sc2Ga3O12 ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Express 4(4), 042602 (2011).
[Crossref]

Aitasalo, T.

T. Aitasalo, J. Hölsä, H. Jungner, M. Lastusaari, and J. Niittykoski, “Thermoluminescence study of persistent luminescence materials: Eu2+- and R3+-doped calcium aluminates, CaAl2O4:Eu2+,R3+.,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(10), 4589–4598 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aoki, Y.

T. Matsuzawa, Y. Aoki, N. Takeuchi, and Y. Murayama, “A new long phosphorescent phosphor with high brightness, SrAl2O4: Eu2+, Dy3+,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 143(8), 2670–2673 (1996).
[Crossref]

Atuchin, V. V.

Z. Xia, Y. Zhang, M. S. Molokeev, V. V. Atuchin, and Y. Luo, “Linear structural evolution induced tunable photoluminescence in clinopyroxene solid-solution phosphors,” Sci Rep 3, 3310 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Basavaraju, N.

D. Gourier, A. Bessière, S. K. Sharma, L. Binet, B. Viana, N. Basavaraju, and K. R. Priolkar, “Origin of the visible light induced persistent luminescence of Cr3+-doped zinc gallate,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 75(7), 826–837 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bessière, A.

D. Gourier, A. Bessière, S. K. Sharma, L. Binet, B. Viana, N. Basavaraju, and K. R. Priolkar, “Origin of the visible light induced persistent luminescence of Cr3+-doped zinc gallate,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 75(7), 826–837 (2014).
[Crossref]

Binet, L.

D. Gourier, A. Bessière, S. K. Sharma, L. Binet, B. Viana, N. Basavaraju, and K. R. Priolkar, “Origin of the visible light induced persistent luminescence of Cr3+-doped zinc gallate,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 75(7), 826–837 (2014).
[Crossref]

Brito, H. F.

L. C. Rodrigues, J. Hölsä, M. Lastusaari, M. C. Felinto, and H. F. Brito, “Defect to R3+ energy transfer: colour tuning of persistent luminescence in CdSiO3,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2(9), 1612–1618 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. C. Rodrigues, H. F. Brito, J. Holsa, R. Stefani, M. C. Felinto, M. Lastusaari, T. Laamanen, and L. A. Nunes, “Discovery of the persistent luminescence mechanism of CdSiO3: Tb3+,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(20), 11232–11240 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, D.

D. Chen, Y. Chen, H. Lu, and Z. Ji, “A bifunctional Cr/Yb/Tm:Ca3Ga2Ge3O12 phosphor with near-infrared long-lasting phosphorescence and upconversion luminescence,” Inorg. Chem. 53(16), 8638–8645 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Wang, H. Lin, Y. Yu, D. Chen, R. Zhang, J. Xu, and Y. Wang, “Ce3+/Pr3+: YAGG: a long persistent phosphor activated by blue-light,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(8), 2539–2545 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, H. Duan, L. Chen, and X. Wang, “The long persistent luminescence properties of phosphors: Li2ZnGeO4 and Li2ZnGeO4: Mn2+,” RSC Adv. 4(22), 11360–11366 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, L. Chen, X. Wang, G. Ju, and Z. Mu, “Luminescent properties of Tb3+-doped Ca2SnO4 phosphor,” J. Lumin. 138, 83–88 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, L. Chen, X. Wang, G. Ju, and Z. Mou, “Luminescence properties of dual-emission (UV/visible) long afterglow phosphor SrZrO3: Pr3+,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(12), 3821–3827 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, R.

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, Y. Fu, G. Ju, Z. Mu, R. Chen, J. Lin, and Z. Wang, “Preparation, design, and characterization of the novel long persistent phosphors: Na2ZnGeO4 and Na2ZnGeO4: Mn2+,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1555–1561 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, R. Chen, Y. Fu, G. Ju, Z. Mu, J. Lin, Z. Wang, F. Xue, and Q. Zhang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of a novel yellowish-pink emissive long persistent luminescence phosphor Cd2GeO4: Pr3+,” J. Alloys Compd. 623, 255–260 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, W.

W. Zeng, Y. Wang, S. Han, W. Chen, G. Li, Y. Wang, and Y. Wen, “Design, synthesis and characterization of a novel yellow long-persistent phosphor: Ca2BO3Cl: Eu2+, Dy3+,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(17), 3004–3011 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Chen, Y. Wang, X. Xu, W. Zeng, and Y. Gong, “A new long-lasting phosphor Ce3+ doped Ca3Al2O6,” ECS Solid State Lett. 1(4), R17–R19 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

D. Chen, Y. Chen, H. Lu, and Z. Ji, “A bifunctional Cr/Yb/Tm:Ca3Ga2Ge3O12 phosphor with near-infrared long-lasting phosphorescence and upconversion luminescence,” Inorg. Chem. 53(16), 8638–8645 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Duan, H.

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, H. Duan, L. Chen, and X. Wang, “The long persistent luminescence properties of phosphors: Li2ZnGeO4 and Li2ZnGeO4: Mn2+,” RSC Adv. 4(22), 11360–11366 (2014).
[Crossref]

Felinto, M. C.

L. C. Rodrigues, J. Hölsä, M. Lastusaari, M. C. Felinto, and H. F. Brito, “Defect to R3+ energy transfer: colour tuning of persistent luminescence in CdSiO3,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2(9), 1612–1618 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. C. Rodrigues, H. F. Brito, J. Holsa, R. Stefani, M. C. Felinto, M. Lastusaari, T. Laamanen, and L. A. Nunes, “Discovery of the persistent luminescence mechanism of CdSiO3: Tb3+,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(20), 11232–11240 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fu, Y.

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, Y. Fu, G. Ju, Z. Mu, R. Chen, J. Lin, and Z. Wang, “Preparation, design, and characterization of the novel long persistent phosphors: Na2ZnGeO4 and Na2ZnGeO4: Mn2+,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1555–1561 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, R. Chen, Y. Fu, G. Ju, Z. Mu, J. Lin, Z. Wang, F. Xue, and Q. Zhang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of a novel yellowish-pink emissive long persistent luminescence phosphor Cd2GeO4: Pr3+,” J. Alloys Compd. 623, 255–260 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gong, Y.

W. Chen, Y. Wang, X. Xu, W. Zeng, and Y. Gong, “A new long-lasting phosphor Ce3+ doped Ca3Al2O6,” ECS Solid State Lett. 1(4), R17–R19 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gourier, D.

D. Gourier, A. Bessière, S. K. Sharma, L. Binet, B. Viana, N. Basavaraju, and K. R. Priolkar, “Origin of the visible light induced persistent luminescence of Cr3+-doped zinc gallate,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 75(7), 826–837 (2014).
[Crossref]

Grigorovici, R.

J. Tauc, R. Grigorovici, and A. Vancu, “Optical properties and electronic structure of amorphous germanium,” Phys. Status Solidi B 15(2), 627–637 (1966).
[Crossref]

Han, S.

W. Zeng, Y. Wang, S. Han, W. Chen, G. Li, Y. Wang, and Y. Wen, “Design, synthesis and characterization of a novel yellow long-persistent phosphor: Ca2BO3Cl: Eu2+, Dy3+,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(17), 3004–3011 (2013).
[Crossref]

He, Y.

Y. Luo, Z. Xia, H. Liu, and Y. He, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of blue-emitting phosphor K2Ca2Si2O7:Ce3+,” Opt. Mater. 36(3), 723–726 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hirao, K.

N. Kodama, T. Takahashi, M. Yamaga, Y. Tanii, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Long-lasting phosphorescence in Ce3+-doped Ca2Al2SiO7 and CaYAl3O7 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(12), 1715–1717 (1999).
[Crossref]

Holsa, J.

L. C. Rodrigues, H. F. Brito, J. Holsa, R. Stefani, M. C. Felinto, M. Lastusaari, T. Laamanen, and L. A. Nunes, “Discovery of the persistent luminescence mechanism of CdSiO3: Tb3+,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(20), 11232–11240 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hölsä, J.

L. C. Rodrigues, J. Hölsä, M. Lastusaari, M. C. Felinto, and H. F. Brito, “Defect to R3+ energy transfer: colour tuning of persistent luminescence in CdSiO3,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2(9), 1612–1618 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Aitasalo, J. Hölsä, H. Jungner, M. Lastusaari, and J. Niittykoski, “Thermoluminescence study of persistent luminescence materials: Eu2+- and R3+-doped calcium aluminates, CaAl2O4:Eu2+,R3+.,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(10), 4589–4598 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, Y.

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, Y. Fu, G. Ju, Z. Mu, R. Chen, J. Lin, and Z. Wang, “Preparation, design, and characterization of the novel long persistent phosphors: Na2ZnGeO4 and Na2ZnGeO4: Mn2+,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1555–1561 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, R. Chen, Y. Fu, G. Ju, Z. Mu, J. Lin, Z. Wang, F. Xue, and Q. Zhang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of a novel yellowish-pink emissive long persistent luminescence phosphor Cd2GeO4: Pr3+,” J. Alloys Compd. 623, 255–260 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, H. Duan, L. Chen, and X. Wang, “The long persistent luminescence properties of phosphors: Li2ZnGeO4 and Li2ZnGeO4: Mn2+,” RSC Adv. 4(22), 11360–11366 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin and Y. Hu, “Tunable blue–green color emission and energy transfer properties of Li2CaGeO4: Ce3+, Tb3+ phosphors for near-UV white-light LEDs,” J. Alloys Compd. 610, 695–700 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, L. Chen, X. Wang, G. Ju, and Z. Mu, “Luminescent properties of Tb3+-doped Ca2SnO4 phosphor,” J. Lumin. 138, 83–88 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, L. Chen, X. Wang, G. Ju, and Z. Mou, “Luminescence properties of dual-emission (UV/visible) long afterglow phosphor SrZrO3: Pr3+,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(12), 3821–3827 (2013).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y.

D. Wei, Y. Huang, S. Zhang, Y. Yu, and H. Seo, “Luminescence spectroscopy of Ce3+-doped ABaPO4 (A= Li, Na, K) phosphors,” Appl. Phys. B 108(2), 447–453 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ji, Z.

D. Chen, Y. Chen, H. Lu, and Z. Ji, “A bifunctional Cr/Yb/Tm:Ca3Ga2Ge3O12 phosphor with near-infrared long-lasting phosphorescence and upconversion luminescence,” Inorg. Chem. 53(16), 8638–8645 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jia, D.

D. Jia and W. Yen, “Trapping mechanism associated with electron delocalization and tunneling of CaAl2O4: Ce3+, a persistent phosphor,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 150(3), H61–H65 (2003).
[Crossref]

D. Jia, X.- Wang, E. Van der Kolk, and W. Yen, “Site dependent thermoluminescence of long persistent phosphorescence of BaAl2O4: Ce3+,” Opt. Commun. 204(1-6), 247–251 (2002).
[Crossref]

Jin, Y.

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, R. Chen, Y. Fu, G. Ju, Z. Mu, J. Lin, Z. Wang, F. Xue, and Q. Zhang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of a novel yellowish-pink emissive long persistent luminescence phosphor Cd2GeO4: Pr3+,” J. Alloys Compd. 623, 255–260 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, Y. Fu, G. Ju, Z. Mu, R. Chen, J. Lin, and Z. Wang, “Preparation, design, and characterization of the novel long persistent phosphors: Na2ZnGeO4 and Na2ZnGeO4: Mn2+,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1555–1561 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, H. Duan, L. Chen, and X. Wang, “The long persistent luminescence properties of phosphors: Li2ZnGeO4 and Li2ZnGeO4: Mn2+,” RSC Adv. 4(22), 11360–11366 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin and Y. Hu, “Tunable blue–green color emission and energy transfer properties of Li2CaGeO4: Ce3+, Tb3+ phosphors for near-UV white-light LEDs,” J. Alloys Compd. 610, 695–700 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, L. Chen, X. Wang, G. Ju, and Z. Mu, “Luminescent properties of Tb3+-doped Ca2SnO4 phosphor,” J. Lumin. 138, 83–88 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, L. Chen, X. Wang, G. Ju, and Z. Mou, “Luminescence properties of dual-emission (UV/visible) long afterglow phosphor SrZrO3: Pr3+,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(12), 3821–3827 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ju, G.

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, Y. Fu, G. Ju, Z. Mu, R. Chen, J. Lin, and Z. Wang, “Preparation, design, and characterization of the novel long persistent phosphors: Na2ZnGeO4 and Na2ZnGeO4: Mn2+,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1555–1561 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, R. Chen, Y. Fu, G. Ju, Z. Mu, J. Lin, Z. Wang, F. Xue, and Q. Zhang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of a novel yellowish-pink emissive long persistent luminescence phosphor Cd2GeO4: Pr3+,” J. Alloys Compd. 623, 255–260 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, L. Chen, X. Wang, G. Ju, and Z. Mou, “Luminescence properties of dual-emission (UV/visible) long afterglow phosphor SrZrO3: Pr3+,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(12), 3821–3827 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, L. Chen, X. Wang, G. Ju, and Z. Mu, “Luminescent properties of Tb3+-doped Ca2SnO4 phosphor,” J. Lumin. 138, 83–88 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jungner, H.

T. Aitasalo, J. Hölsä, H. Jungner, M. Lastusaari, and J. Niittykoski, “Thermoluminescence study of persistent luminescence materials: Eu2+- and R3+-doped calcium aluminates, CaAl2O4:Eu2+,R3+.,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(10), 4589–4598 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kamada, K.

M. Kitaura, A. Sato, K. Kamada, A. Ohnishi, and M. Sasaki, “Phosphorescence of Ce-doped Gd3Al2Ga3O12 crystals studied using luminescence spectroscopy,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(8), 083517 (2014).
[Crossref]

Katayama, Y.

Kitaura, M.

M. Kitaura, A. Sato, K. Kamada, A. Ohnishi, and M. Sasaki, “Phosphorescence of Ce-doped Gd3Al2Ga3O12 crystals studied using luminescence spectroscopy,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(8), 083517 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kodama, N.

N. Kodama, T. Takahashi, M. Yamaga, Y. Tanii, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Long-lasting phosphorescence in Ce3+-doped Ca2Al2SiO7 and CaYAl3O7 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(12), 1715–1717 (1999).
[Crossref]

Laamanen, T.

L. C. Rodrigues, H. F. Brito, J. Holsa, R. Stefani, M. C. Felinto, M. Lastusaari, T. Laamanen, and L. A. Nunes, “Discovery of the persistent luminescence mechanism of CdSiO3: Tb3+,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(20), 11232–11240 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lastusaari, M.

L. C. Rodrigues, J. Hölsä, M. Lastusaari, M. C. Felinto, and H. F. Brito, “Defect to R3+ energy transfer: colour tuning of persistent luminescence in CdSiO3,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2(9), 1612–1618 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. C. Rodrigues, H. F. Brito, J. Holsa, R. Stefani, M. C. Felinto, M. Lastusaari, T. Laamanen, and L. A. Nunes, “Discovery of the persistent luminescence mechanism of CdSiO3: Tb3+,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(20), 11232–11240 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Aitasalo, J. Hölsä, H. Jungner, M. Lastusaari, and J. Niittykoski, “Thermoluminescence study of persistent luminescence materials: Eu2+- and R3+-doped calcium aluminates, CaAl2O4:Eu2+,R3+.,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(10), 4589–4598 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, G.

W. Zeng, Y. Wang, S. Han, W. Chen, G. Li, Y. Wang, and Y. Wen, “Design, synthesis and characterization of a novel yellow long-persistent phosphor: Ca2BO3Cl: Eu2+, Dy3+,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(17), 3004–3011 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liang, Y.

F. Liu, Y. Liang, and Z. Pan, “Detection of up-converted persistent luminescence in the near infrared emitted by the Zn3Ga2GeO8: Cr3+, Yb3+, Er3+ phosphor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(17), 177401 (2014).

Lin, H.

B. Wang, H. Lin, Y. Yu, D. Chen, R. Zhang, J. Xu, and Y. Wang, “Ce3+/Pr3+: YAGG: a long persistent phosphor activated by blue-light,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(8), 2539–2545 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lin, J.

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, Y. Fu, G. Ju, Z. Mu, R. Chen, J. Lin, and Z. Wang, “Preparation, design, and characterization of the novel long persistent phosphors: Na2ZnGeO4 and Na2ZnGeO4: Mn2+,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1555–1561 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, R. Chen, Y. Fu, G. Ju, Z. Mu, J. Lin, Z. Wang, F. Xue, and Q. Zhang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of a novel yellowish-pink emissive long persistent luminescence phosphor Cd2GeO4: Pr3+,” J. Alloys Compd. 623, 255–260 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, F.

F. Liu, Y. Liang, and Z. Pan, “Detection of up-converted persistent luminescence in the near infrared emitted by the Zn3Ga2GeO8: Cr3+, Yb3+, Er3+ phosphor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(17), 177401 (2014).

Z. Pan, Y.-Y. Lu, and F. Liu, “Sunlight-activated long-persistent luminescence in the near-infrared from Cr(3+)-doped zinc gallogermanates,” Nat. Mater. 11(1), 58–63 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, H.

Y. Luo, Z. Xia, H. Liu, and Y. He, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of blue-emitting phosphor K2Ca2Si2O7:Ce3+,” Opt. Mater. 36(3), 723–726 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lu, H.

D. Chen, Y. Chen, H. Lu, and Z. Ji, “A bifunctional Cr/Yb/Tm:Ca3Ga2Ge3O12 phosphor with near-infrared long-lasting phosphorescence and upconversion luminescence,” Inorg. Chem. 53(16), 8638–8645 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, Y.-Y.

Z. Pan, Y.-Y. Lu, and F. Liu, “Sunlight-activated long-persistent luminescence in the near-infrared from Cr(3+)-doped zinc gallogermanates,” Nat. Mater. 11(1), 58–63 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, Y.

Y. Luo, Z. Xia, H. Liu, and Y. He, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of blue-emitting phosphor K2Ca2Si2O7:Ce3+,” Opt. Mater. 36(3), 723–726 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Luo and Z. Xia, “Effect of Al/Ga substitution on photoluminescence and phosphorescence properties of garnet-type Y3Sc2Ga3–xAlxO12: Ce3+ phosphor,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(40), 23297–23305 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Xia, Y. Zhang, M. S. Molokeev, V. V. Atuchin, and Y. Luo, “Linear structural evolution induced tunable photoluminescence in clinopyroxene solid-solution phosphors,” Sci Rep 3, 3310 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Matsuzawa, T.

T. Matsuzawa, Y. Aoki, N. Takeuchi, and Y. Murayama, “A new long phosphorescent phosphor with high brightness, SrAl2O4: Eu2+, Dy3+,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 143(8), 2670–2673 (1996).
[Crossref]

Molokeev, M. S.

Z. Xia, Y. Zhang, M. S. Molokeev, V. V. Atuchin, and Y. Luo, “Linear structural evolution induced tunable photoluminescence in clinopyroxene solid-solution phosphors,” Sci Rep 3, 3310 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mou, Z.

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, L. Chen, X. Wang, G. Ju, and Z. Mou, “Luminescence properties of dual-emission (UV/visible) long afterglow phosphor SrZrO3: Pr3+,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(12), 3821–3827 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mu, Z.

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, Y. Fu, G. Ju, Z. Mu, R. Chen, J. Lin, and Z. Wang, “Preparation, design, and characterization of the novel long persistent phosphors: Na2ZnGeO4 and Na2ZnGeO4: Mn2+,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1555–1561 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, R. Chen, Y. Fu, G. Ju, Z. Mu, J. Lin, Z. Wang, F. Xue, and Q. Zhang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of a novel yellowish-pink emissive long persistent luminescence phosphor Cd2GeO4: Pr3+,” J. Alloys Compd. 623, 255–260 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, L. Chen, X. Wang, G. Ju, and Z. Mu, “Luminescent properties of Tb3+-doped Ca2SnO4 phosphor,” J. Lumin. 138, 83–88 (2013).
[Crossref]

Murayama, Y.

T. Matsuzawa, Y. Aoki, N. Takeuchi, and Y. Murayama, “A new long phosphorescent phosphor with high brightness, SrAl2O4: Eu2+, Dy3+,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 143(8), 2670–2673 (1996).
[Crossref]

Niittykoski, J.

T. Aitasalo, J. Hölsä, H. Jungner, M. Lastusaari, and J. Niittykoski, “Thermoluminescence study of persistent luminescence materials: Eu2+- and R3+-doped calcium aluminates, CaAl2O4:Eu2+,R3+.,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(10), 4589–4598 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nishiura, S.

J. Ueda, K. Aishima, S. Nishiura, and S. Tanabe, “Afterglow luminescence in Ce3+-doped Y3Sc2Ga3O12 ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Express 4(4), 042602 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nunes, L. A.

L. C. Rodrigues, H. F. Brito, J. Holsa, R. Stefani, M. C. Felinto, M. Lastusaari, T. Laamanen, and L. A. Nunes, “Discovery of the persistent luminescence mechanism of CdSiO3: Tb3+,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(20), 11232–11240 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ohnishi, A.

M. Kitaura, A. Sato, K. Kamada, A. Ohnishi, and M. Sasaki, “Phosphorescence of Ce-doped Gd3Al2Ga3O12 crystals studied using luminescence spectroscopy,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(8), 083517 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pan, Z.

F. Liu, Y. Liang, and Z. Pan, “Detection of up-converted persistent luminescence in the near infrared emitted by the Zn3Ga2GeO8: Cr3+, Yb3+, Er3+ phosphor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(17), 177401 (2014).

Z. Pan, Y.-Y. Lu, and F. Liu, “Sunlight-activated long-persistent luminescence in the near-infrared from Cr(3+)-doped zinc gallogermanates,” Nat. Mater. 11(1), 58–63 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Poelman, D.

K. Van den Eeckhout, P. F. Smet, and D. Poelman, “Persistent luminescence in Eu2+-doped Compounds: A Review,” Materials (Basel) 3(4), 2536–2566 (2010).
[Crossref]

Priolkar, K. R.

D. Gourier, A. Bessière, S. K. Sharma, L. Binet, B. Viana, N. Basavaraju, and K. R. Priolkar, “Origin of the visible light induced persistent luminescence of Cr3+-doped zinc gallate,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 75(7), 826–837 (2014).
[Crossref]

Qiu, J.

N. Kodama, T. Takahashi, M. Yamaga, Y. Tanii, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Long-lasting phosphorescence in Ce3+-doped Ca2Al2SiO7 and CaYAl3O7 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(12), 1715–1717 (1999).
[Crossref]

Qu, B.

B. Qu, B. Zhang, L. Wang, R. Zhou, and X. C. Zeng, “Mechanistic study of the persistent luminescence of CaAl2O4: Eu, Nd,” Chem. Mater. 27(6), 2195–2202 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rodrigues, L. C.

L. C. Rodrigues, J. Hölsä, M. Lastusaari, M. C. Felinto, and H. F. Brito, “Defect to R3+ energy transfer: colour tuning of persistent luminescence in CdSiO3,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2(9), 1612–1618 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. C. Rodrigues, H. F. Brito, J. Holsa, R. Stefani, M. C. Felinto, M. Lastusaari, T. Laamanen, and L. A. Nunes, “Discovery of the persistent luminescence mechanism of CdSiO3: Tb3+,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(20), 11232–11240 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sasaki, M.

M. Kitaura, A. Sato, K. Kamada, A. Ohnishi, and M. Sasaki, “Phosphorescence of Ce-doped Gd3Al2Ga3O12 crystals studied using luminescence spectroscopy,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(8), 083517 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sato, A.

M. Kitaura, A. Sato, K. Kamada, A. Ohnishi, and M. Sasaki, “Phosphorescence of Ce-doped Gd3Al2Ga3O12 crystals studied using luminescence spectroscopy,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(8), 083517 (2014).
[Crossref]

Seo, H.

D. Wei, Y. Huang, S. Zhang, Y. Yu, and H. Seo, “Luminescence spectroscopy of Ce3+-doped ABaPO4 (A= Li, Na, K) phosphors,” Appl. Phys. B 108(2), 447–453 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sharma, S. K.

D. Gourier, A. Bessière, S. K. Sharma, L. Binet, B. Viana, N. Basavaraju, and K. R. Priolkar, “Origin of the visible light induced persistent luminescence of Cr3+-doped zinc gallate,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 75(7), 826–837 (2014).
[Crossref]

Smet, P. F.

K. Van den Eeckhout, P. F. Smet, and D. Poelman, “Persistent luminescence in Eu2+-doped Compounds: A Review,” Materials (Basel) 3(4), 2536–2566 (2010).
[Crossref]

Stefani, R.

L. C. Rodrigues, H. F. Brito, J. Holsa, R. Stefani, M. C. Felinto, M. Lastusaari, T. Laamanen, and L. A. Nunes, “Discovery of the persistent luminescence mechanism of CdSiO3: Tb3+,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(20), 11232–11240 (2012).
[Crossref]

Takahashi, T.

N. Kodama, T. Takahashi, M. Yamaga, Y. Tanii, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Long-lasting phosphorescence in Ce3+-doped Ca2Al2SiO7 and CaYAl3O7 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(12), 1715–1717 (1999).
[Crossref]

Takeuchi, N.

T. Matsuzawa, Y. Aoki, N. Takeuchi, and Y. Murayama, “A new long phosphorescent phosphor with high brightness, SrAl2O4: Eu2+, Dy3+,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 143(8), 2670–2673 (1996).
[Crossref]

Tanabe, S.

Y. Zhuang, J. Ueda, and S. Tanabe, “Multi-color persistent luminescence in transparent glass ceramics containing spinel nano-crystals with Mn2+ ions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(19), 191904 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Katayama, J. Ueda, and S. Tanabe, “Effect of Bi2O3 doping on persistent luminescence of MgGeO3: Mn2+ phosphor,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(4), 613–623 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhuang, J. Ueda, and S. Tanabe, “Tunable trap depth in Zn(Ga1−xAlx)2O4:Cr, Bi red persistent phosphors: considerations of high-temperature persistent luminescence and photostimulated persistent luminescence,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(47), 7849–7855 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Ueda, K. Aishima, S. Nishiura, and S. Tanabe, “Afterglow luminescence in Ce3+-doped Y3Sc2Ga3O12 ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Express 4(4), 042602 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tanii, Y.

N. Kodama, T. Takahashi, M. Yamaga, Y. Tanii, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Long-lasting phosphorescence in Ce3+-doped Ca2Al2SiO7 and CaYAl3O7 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(12), 1715–1717 (1999).
[Crossref]

Tauc, J.

J. Tauc, “Optical properties and electronic structure of amorphous Ge and Si,” Mater. Res. Bull. 3(1), 37–46 (1968).
[Crossref]

J. Tauc, R. Grigorovici, and A. Vancu, “Optical properties and electronic structure of amorphous germanium,” Phys. Status Solidi B 15(2), 627–637 (1966).
[Crossref]

Ueda, J.

Y. Katayama, J. Ueda, and S. Tanabe, “Effect of Bi2O3 doping on persistent luminescence of MgGeO3: Mn2+ phosphor,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(4), 613–623 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhuang, J. Ueda, and S. Tanabe, “Multi-color persistent luminescence in transparent glass ceramics containing spinel nano-crystals with Mn2+ ions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(19), 191904 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhuang, J. Ueda, and S. Tanabe, “Tunable trap depth in Zn(Ga1−xAlx)2O4:Cr, Bi red persistent phosphors: considerations of high-temperature persistent luminescence and photostimulated persistent luminescence,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(47), 7849–7855 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Ueda, K. Aishima, S. Nishiura, and S. Tanabe, “Afterglow luminescence in Ce3+-doped Y3Sc2Ga3O12 ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Express 4(4), 042602 (2011).
[Crossref]

Van den Eeckhout, K.

K. Van den Eeckhout, P. F. Smet, and D. Poelman, “Persistent luminescence in Eu2+-doped Compounds: A Review,” Materials (Basel) 3(4), 2536–2566 (2010).
[Crossref]

Van der Kolk, E.

D. Jia, X.- Wang, E. Van der Kolk, and W. Yen, “Site dependent thermoluminescence of long persistent phosphorescence of BaAl2O4: Ce3+,” Opt. Commun. 204(1-6), 247–251 (2002).
[Crossref]

Vancu, A.

J. Tauc, R. Grigorovici, and A. Vancu, “Optical properties and electronic structure of amorphous germanium,” Phys. Status Solidi B 15(2), 627–637 (1966).
[Crossref]

Viana, B.

D. Gourier, A. Bessière, S. K. Sharma, L. Binet, B. Viana, N. Basavaraju, and K. R. Priolkar, “Origin of the visible light induced persistent luminescence of Cr3+-doped zinc gallate,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 75(7), 826–837 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, B.

B. Wang, H. Lin, Y. Yu, D. Chen, R. Zhang, J. Xu, and Y. Wang, “Ce3+/Pr3+: YAGG: a long persistent phosphor activated by blue-light,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(8), 2539–2545 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

B. Qu, B. Zhang, L. Wang, R. Zhou, and X. C. Zeng, “Mechanistic study of the persistent luminescence of CaAl2O4: Eu, Nd,” Chem. Mater. 27(6), 2195–2202 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, H. Duan, L. Chen, and X. Wang, “The long persistent luminescence properties of phosphors: Li2ZnGeO4 and Li2ZnGeO4: Mn2+,” RSC Adv. 4(22), 11360–11366 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, L. Chen, X. Wang, G. Ju, and Z. Mu, “Luminescent properties of Tb3+-doped Ca2SnO4 phosphor,” J. Lumin. 138, 83–88 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, L. Chen, X. Wang, G. Ju, and Z. Mou, “Luminescence properties of dual-emission (UV/visible) long afterglow phosphor SrZrO3: Pr3+,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(12), 3821–3827 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.-

D. Jia, X.- Wang, E. Van der Kolk, and W. Yen, “Site dependent thermoluminescence of long persistent phosphorescence of BaAl2O4: Ce3+,” Opt. Commun. 204(1-6), 247–251 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

B. Wang, H. Lin, Y. Yu, D. Chen, R. Zhang, J. Xu, and Y. Wang, “Ce3+/Pr3+: YAGG: a long persistent phosphor activated by blue-light,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(8), 2539–2545 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Zeng, Y. Wang, S. Han, W. Chen, G. Li, Y. Wang, and Y. Wen, “Design, synthesis and characterization of a novel yellow long-persistent phosphor: Ca2BO3Cl: Eu2+, Dy3+,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(17), 3004–3011 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Zeng, Y. Wang, S. Han, W. Chen, G. Li, Y. Wang, and Y. Wen, “Design, synthesis and characterization of a novel yellow long-persistent phosphor: Ca2BO3Cl: Eu2+, Dy3+,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(17), 3004–3011 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Chen, Y. Wang, X. Xu, W. Zeng, and Y. Gong, “A new long-lasting phosphor Ce3+ doped Ca3Al2O6,” ECS Solid State Lett. 1(4), R17–R19 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, Y. Fu, G. Ju, Z. Mu, R. Chen, J. Lin, and Z. Wang, “Preparation, design, and characterization of the novel long persistent phosphors: Na2ZnGeO4 and Na2ZnGeO4: Mn2+,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1555–1561 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, R. Chen, Y. Fu, G. Ju, Z. Mu, J. Lin, Z. Wang, F. Xue, and Q. Zhang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of a novel yellowish-pink emissive long persistent luminescence phosphor Cd2GeO4: Pr3+,” J. Alloys Compd. 623, 255–260 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wei, D.

D. Wei, Y. Huang, S. Zhang, Y. Yu, and H. Seo, “Luminescence spectroscopy of Ce3+-doped ABaPO4 (A= Li, Na, K) phosphors,” Appl. Phys. B 108(2), 447–453 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wen, Y.

W. Zeng, Y. Wang, S. Han, W. Chen, G. Li, Y. Wang, and Y. Wen, “Design, synthesis and characterization of a novel yellow long-persistent phosphor: Ca2BO3Cl: Eu2+, Dy3+,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(17), 3004–3011 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xia, Z.

Y. Luo, Z. Xia, H. Liu, and Y. He, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of blue-emitting phosphor K2Ca2Si2O7:Ce3+,” Opt. Mater. 36(3), 723–726 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Luo and Z. Xia, “Effect of Al/Ga substitution on photoluminescence and phosphorescence properties of garnet-type Y3Sc2Ga3–xAlxO12: Ce3+ phosphor,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(40), 23297–23305 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Xia, Y. Zhang, M. S. Molokeev, V. V. Atuchin, and Y. Luo, “Linear structural evolution induced tunable photoluminescence in clinopyroxene solid-solution phosphors,” Sci Rep 3, 3310 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, J.

B. Wang, H. Lin, Y. Yu, D. Chen, R. Zhang, J. Xu, and Y. Wang, “Ce3+/Pr3+: YAGG: a long persistent phosphor activated by blue-light,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(8), 2539–2545 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, X.

W. Chen, Y. Wang, X. Xu, W. Zeng, and Y. Gong, “A new long-lasting phosphor Ce3+ doped Ca3Al2O6,” ECS Solid State Lett. 1(4), R17–R19 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xue, F.

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, R. Chen, Y. Fu, G. Ju, Z. Mu, J. Lin, Z. Wang, F. Xue, and Q. Zhang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of a novel yellowish-pink emissive long persistent luminescence phosphor Cd2GeO4: Pr3+,” J. Alloys Compd. 623, 255–260 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yamaga, M.

N. Kodama, T. Takahashi, M. Yamaga, Y. Tanii, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Long-lasting phosphorescence in Ce3+-doped Ca2Al2SiO7 and CaYAl3O7 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(12), 1715–1717 (1999).
[Crossref]

Yen, W.

D. Jia and W. Yen, “Trapping mechanism associated with electron delocalization and tunneling of CaAl2O4: Ce3+, a persistent phosphor,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 150(3), H61–H65 (2003).
[Crossref]

D. Jia, X.- Wang, E. Van der Kolk, and W. Yen, “Site dependent thermoluminescence of long persistent phosphorescence of BaAl2O4: Ce3+,” Opt. Commun. 204(1-6), 247–251 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yu, Y.

B. Wang, H. Lin, Y. Yu, D. Chen, R. Zhang, J. Xu, and Y. Wang, “Ce3+/Pr3+: YAGG: a long persistent phosphor activated by blue-light,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(8), 2539–2545 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Wei, Y. Huang, S. Zhang, Y. Yu, and H. Seo, “Luminescence spectroscopy of Ce3+-doped ABaPO4 (A= Li, Na, K) phosphors,” Appl. Phys. B 108(2), 447–453 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zeng, W.

W. Zeng, Y. Wang, S. Han, W. Chen, G. Li, Y. Wang, and Y. Wen, “Design, synthesis and characterization of a novel yellow long-persistent phosphor: Ca2BO3Cl: Eu2+, Dy3+,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(17), 3004–3011 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Chen, Y. Wang, X. Xu, W. Zeng, and Y. Gong, “A new long-lasting phosphor Ce3+ doped Ca3Al2O6,” ECS Solid State Lett. 1(4), R17–R19 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zeng, X. C.

B. Qu, B. Zhang, L. Wang, R. Zhou, and X. C. Zeng, “Mechanistic study of the persistent luminescence of CaAl2O4: Eu, Nd,” Chem. Mater. 27(6), 2195–2202 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, B.

B. Qu, B. Zhang, L. Wang, R. Zhou, and X. C. Zeng, “Mechanistic study of the persistent luminescence of CaAl2O4: Eu, Nd,” Chem. Mater. 27(6), 2195–2202 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, R. Chen, Y. Fu, G. Ju, Z. Mu, J. Lin, Z. Wang, F. Xue, and Q. Zhang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of a novel yellowish-pink emissive long persistent luminescence phosphor Cd2GeO4: Pr3+,” J. Alloys Compd. 623, 255–260 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, R.

B. Wang, H. Lin, Y. Yu, D. Chen, R. Zhang, J. Xu, and Y. Wang, “Ce3+/Pr3+: YAGG: a long persistent phosphor activated by blue-light,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(8), 2539–2545 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

D. Wei, Y. Huang, S. Zhang, Y. Yu, and H. Seo, “Luminescence spectroscopy of Ce3+-doped ABaPO4 (A= Li, Na, K) phosphors,” Appl. Phys. B 108(2), 447–453 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Z. Xia, Y. Zhang, M. S. Molokeev, V. V. Atuchin, and Y. Luo, “Linear structural evolution induced tunable photoluminescence in clinopyroxene solid-solution phosphors,” Sci Rep 3, 3310 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, R.

B. Qu, B. Zhang, L. Wang, R. Zhou, and X. C. Zeng, “Mechanistic study of the persistent luminescence of CaAl2O4: Eu, Nd,” Chem. Mater. 27(6), 2195–2202 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhuang, Y.

Y. Zhuang, J. Ueda, and S. Tanabe, “Multi-color persistent luminescence in transparent glass ceramics containing spinel nano-crystals with Mn2+ ions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(19), 191904 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhuang, J. Ueda, and S. Tanabe, “Tunable trap depth in Zn(Ga1−xAlx)2O4:Cr, Bi red persistent phosphors: considerations of high-temperature persistent luminescence and photostimulated persistent luminescence,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(47), 7849–7855 (2013).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

D. Wei, Y. Huang, S. Zhang, Y. Yu, and H. Seo, “Luminescence spectroscopy of Ce3+-doped ABaPO4 (A= Li, Na, K) phosphors,” Appl. Phys. B 108(2), 447–453 (2012).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

J. Ueda, K. Aishima, S. Nishiura, and S. Tanabe, “Afterglow luminescence in Ce3+-doped Y3Sc2Ga3O12 ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Express 4(4), 042602 (2011).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

N. Kodama, T. Takahashi, M. Yamaga, Y. Tanii, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Long-lasting phosphorescence in Ce3+-doped Ca2Al2SiO7 and CaYAl3O7 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(12), 1715–1717 (1999).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhuang, J. Ueda, and S. Tanabe, “Multi-color persistent luminescence in transparent glass ceramics containing spinel nano-crystals with Mn2+ ions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(19), 191904 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chem. Mater. (1)

B. Qu, B. Zhang, L. Wang, R. Zhou, and X. C. Zeng, “Mechanistic study of the persistent luminescence of CaAl2O4: Eu, Nd,” Chem. Mater. 27(6), 2195–2202 (2015).
[Crossref]

ECS Solid State Lett. (1)

W. Chen, Y. Wang, X. Xu, W. Zeng, and Y. Gong, “A new long-lasting phosphor Ce3+ doped Ca3Al2O6,” ECS Solid State Lett. 1(4), R17–R19 (2012).
[Crossref]

Inorg. Chem. (1)

D. Chen, Y. Chen, H. Lu, and Z. Ji, “A bifunctional Cr/Yb/Tm:Ca3Ga2Ge3O12 phosphor with near-infrared long-lasting phosphorescence and upconversion luminescence,” Inorg. Chem. 53(16), 8638–8645 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Alloys Compd. (2)

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, R. Chen, Y. Fu, G. Ju, Z. Mu, J. Lin, Z. Wang, F. Xue, and Q. Zhang, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of a novel yellowish-pink emissive long persistent luminescence phosphor Cd2GeO4: Pr3+,” J. Alloys Compd. 623, 255–260 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin and Y. Hu, “Tunable blue–green color emission and energy transfer properties of Li2CaGeO4: Ce3+, Tb3+ phosphors for near-UV white-light LEDs,” J. Alloys Compd. 610, 695–700 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (3)

B. Wang, H. Lin, Y. Yu, D. Chen, R. Zhang, J. Xu, and Y. Wang, “Ce3+/Pr3+: YAGG: a long persistent phosphor activated by blue-light,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(8), 2539–2545 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, Y. Fu, G. Ju, Z. Mu, R. Chen, J. Lin, and Z. Wang, “Preparation, design, and characterization of the novel long persistent phosphors: Na2ZnGeO4 and Na2ZnGeO4: Mn2+,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1555–1561 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, L. Chen, X. Wang, G. Ju, and Z. Mou, “Luminescence properties of dual-emission (UV/visible) long afterglow phosphor SrZrO3: Pr3+,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(12), 3821–3827 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Kitaura, A. Sato, K. Kamada, A. Ohnishi, and M. Sasaki, “Phosphorescence of Ce-doped Gd3Al2Ga3O12 crystals studied using luminescence spectroscopy,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(8), 083517 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Electrochem. Soc. (2)

D. Jia and W. Yen, “Trapping mechanism associated with electron delocalization and tunneling of CaAl2O4: Ce3+, a persistent phosphor,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 150(3), H61–H65 (2003).
[Crossref]

T. Matsuzawa, Y. Aoki, N. Takeuchi, and Y. Murayama, “A new long phosphorescent phosphor with high brightness, SrAl2O4: Eu2+, Dy3+,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 143(8), 2670–2673 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. Lumin. (1)

Y. Jin, Y. Hu, L. Chen, X. Wang, G. Ju, and Z. Mu, “Luminescent properties of Tb3+-doped Ca2SnO4 phosphor,” J. Lumin. 138, 83–88 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. C (3)

Y. Zhuang, J. Ueda, and S. Tanabe, “Tunable trap depth in Zn(Ga1−xAlx)2O4:Cr, Bi red persistent phosphors: considerations of high-temperature persistent luminescence and photostimulated persistent luminescence,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(47), 7849–7855 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. C. Rodrigues, J. Hölsä, M. Lastusaari, M. C. Felinto, and H. F. Brito, “Defect to R3+ energy transfer: colour tuning of persistent luminescence in CdSiO3,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2(9), 1612–1618 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Zeng, Y. Wang, S. Han, W. Chen, G. Li, Y. Wang, and Y. Wen, “Design, synthesis and characterization of a novel yellow long-persistent phosphor: Ca2BO3Cl: Eu2+, Dy3+,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(17), 3004–3011 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

T. Aitasalo, J. Hölsä, H. Jungner, M. Lastusaari, and J. Niittykoski, “Thermoluminescence study of persistent luminescence materials: Eu2+- and R3+-doped calcium aluminates, CaAl2O4:Eu2+,R3+.,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(10), 4589–4598 (2006).
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J. Phys. Chem. C (2)

L. C. Rodrigues, H. F. Brito, J. Holsa, R. Stefani, M. C. Felinto, M. Lastusaari, T. Laamanen, and L. A. Nunes, “Discovery of the persistent luminescence mechanism of CdSiO3: Tb3+,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(20), 11232–11240 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Luo and Z. Xia, “Effect of Al/Ga substitution on photoluminescence and phosphorescence properties of garnet-type Y3Sc2Ga3–xAlxO12: Ce3+ phosphor,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(40), 23297–23305 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. Solids (1)

D. Gourier, A. Bessière, S. K. Sharma, L. Binet, B. Viana, N. Basavaraju, and K. R. Priolkar, “Origin of the visible light induced persistent luminescence of Cr3+-doped zinc gallate,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 75(7), 826–837 (2014).
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Materials (Basel) (1)

K. Van den Eeckhout, P. F. Smet, and D. Poelman, “Persistent luminescence in Eu2+-doped Compounds: A Review,” Materials (Basel) 3(4), 2536–2566 (2010).
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Nat. Mater. (1)

Z. Pan, Y.-Y. Lu, and F. Liu, “Sunlight-activated long-persistent luminescence in the near-infrared from Cr(3+)-doped zinc gallogermanates,” Nat. Mater. 11(1), 58–63 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Jia, X.- Wang, E. Van der Kolk, and W. Yen, “Site dependent thermoluminescence of long persistent phosphorescence of BaAl2O4: Ce3+,” Opt. Commun. 204(1-6), 247–251 (2002).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. (1)

Y. Luo, Z. Xia, H. Liu, and Y. He, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of blue-emitting phosphor K2Ca2Si2O7:Ce3+,” Opt. Mater. 36(3), 723–726 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

F. Liu, Y. Liang, and Z. Pan, “Detection of up-converted persistent luminescence in the near infrared emitted by the Zn3Ga2GeO8: Cr3+, Yb3+, Er3+ phosphor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(17), 177401 (2014).

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Y. Jin, Y. Hu, H. Duan, L. Chen, and X. Wang, “The long persistent luminescence properties of phosphors: Li2ZnGeO4 and Li2ZnGeO4: Mn2+,” RSC Adv. 4(22), 11360–11366 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sci Rep (1)

Z. Xia, Y. Zhang, M. S. Molokeev, V. V. Atuchin, and Y. Luo, “Linear structural evolution induced tunable photoluminescence in clinopyroxene solid-solution phosphors,” Sci Rep 3, 3310 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 XRD patterns of sample Na2Ca2.97Si2O8:0.03Ce3+ and that of standard data of Na2Ca3Si2O8 (JCPDS 23-0668) given for comparison.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a)Diffuse reflectance spectrum of sample Na2Ca3Si2O8 ; (b) The function of [F(R)hλ]2 versus photon energy hλ according to Tauc.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) The PLE and PL spectra of sample Na2Ca2.97Si2O8:0.03Ce3+; (b) The fitted result of the unsymmetrical doublet band for the typical sample Na2Ca2.97Si2O8:0.03Ce3+; (c) The relative emission intensity of Ce3+ versus doping concentrations.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 LPL spectrum of sample Na2Ca2.97Si2O8:0.03Ce3+ after the removal of UV light source. Inset: the digital photo of sample Na2Ca2.97Si2O8:0.03Ce3+ after stopping UV irradiation.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 LPL decay curves of samples Na2Ca3-xSi2O8:xCe3+ (x = 0.01-0.07).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) TL glow curves of samples Na2Ca3-xSi2O8:xCe3+ (x = 0-0.07); The fitting results of samples Na2Ca3Si2O8 (b) and Na2Ca2.97Si2O8:0.03Ce3+ (c) based on the Gaussian function.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) TL glow curves of sample Na2Ca2.97Si2O8:0.03Ce3+ collected after preheated at different temperatures; (b) TM-TStop dependence plotted on the basis of the results in (a).
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Schematic illustration of the persistent luminescence mechanism in Na2Ca3Si2O8:Ce3+.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Estimated trap depths (E) and density (n0) of samples Na2Ca3-xSi2O8: xCe3+ (x = 0, 0.01, 0.02, 0.03, 0.04, 0.05, 0.06 and 0.07).

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E = [ 2.52 + 10.2 ( μ g 0.42 ) ] ( k B T m 2 ω ) 2 k B T m
n 0 = ω I m β [ 2.52 + 10.2 ( μ g 0.42 ) ]

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