Abstract

Quantum dots (QDs) based composite thin films show great promise in the application areas ranging from light-emitting diodes (LEDs), nonlinear optical devices to luminescent solar concentrators. We propose and demonstrate a facile method to fabricate ZnSe:Mn QDs/Poly (lauryl methacrylate-co- ethylene glycol dimethacrylate) (QDs/ Poly(LMA-co-EGDMA) composite thin films which show high transmittance up to 90%. Moreover, the as prepared QDs/P composite thin films exhibits high quantum yields (QYs) which could be well tuned from 35% to 67%.The enhanced transparency and QYs of these QDs/P composite thin films are attributed to the triple function of surface decorated 1-dodecanethiol (DDT) including the reducing of surface defects, oxidation resisting and enhancement of dispersity. These prominent performances make them very attractive for applications in various future light-emitting technologies and advanced optoelectronic devices.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. P. O. Anikeeva, J. E. Halpert, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Quantum dot light-emitting devices with electroluminescence tunable over the entire visible spectrum,” Nano Lett. 9(7), 2532–2536 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. A. Louie, “Multimodality imaging probes: design and challenges,” Chem. Rev. 110(5), 3146–3195 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. D. V. Talapin, J.-S. Lee, M. V. Kovalenko, and E. V. Shevchenko, “Prospects of colloidal nanocrystals for electronic and optoelectronic applications,” Chem. Rev. 110(1), 389–458 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. V. I. Klimov, S. A. Ivanov, J. Nanda, M. Achermann, I. Bezel, J. A. McGuire, and A. Piryatinski, “Single-exciton optical gain in semiconductor nanocrystals,” Nature 447(7143), 441–446 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. A. J. Shuhendler, P. Prasad, H.-K. C. Chan, C. R. Gordijo, B. Soroushian, M. Kolios, K. Yu, P. J. O’Brien, A. M. Rauth, and X. Y. Wu, “Hybrid quantum dot-fatty ester stealth nanoparticles: toward clinically relevant in vivo optical imaging of deep tissue,” ACS Nano 5(3), 1958–1966 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. E. H. Sargent, “Colloidal quantum dot solar cells,” Nat. Photonics 6(3), 133–135 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  7. S. Cho, J. Kwag, S. Jeong, Y. Baek, and S. Kim, “Highly Fluorescent and Stable Quantum Dot-Polymer-Layered Double Hydroxide Composites,” Chem. Mater. 25(7), 1071–1077 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  8. R. Liang, D. Yan, R. Tian, X. Yu, W. Shi, C. Li, M. Wei, D. G. Evans, and X. Duan, “Quantum Dots-Based Flexible Films and Their Application as the Phosphor in White Light-Emitting Diodes,” Chem. Mater. 26(8), 2595–2600 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  9. Z. Krumer, S. J. Pera, R. J. van Dijk-Moes, Y. Zhao, A. F. de Brouwer, E. Groeneveld, W. G. van Sark, R. E. Schropp, and C. de Mello Donegá, “Tackling self-absorption in luminescent solar concentrators with type-II colloidal quantum dots,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 111, 57–65 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  10. C. S. Erickson, L. R. Bradshaw, S. McDowall, J. D. Gilbertson, D. R. Gamelin, and D. L. Patrick, “Zero-reabsorption doped-nanocrystal luminescent solar concentrators,” ACS Nano 8(4), 3461–3467 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. F. Meinardi, A. Colombo, K. A. Velizhanin, R. Simonutti, M. Lorenzon, L. Beverina, R. Viswanatha, V. I. Klimov, and S. Brovelli, “Large-area luminescent solar concentrators based on ‘Stokes-shift-engineered’ nanocrystals in a mass-polymerized PMMA matrix,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 392–399 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  12. P. Reiss, M. Protière, and L. Li, “Core/Shell semiconductor nanocrystals,” Small 5(2), 154–168 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. R. Buonsanti and D. J. Milliron, “Chemistry of Doped Colloidal Nanocrystals,” Chem. Mater. 25(8), 1305–1317 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  15. R. Viswanatha, J. M. Pietryga, V. I. Klimov, and S. A. Crooker, “Spin-polarized Mn2+ emission from Mn-doped colloidal nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(6), 067402 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. S. Jana, B. B. Srivastava, S. Acharya, P. K. Santra, N. R. Jana, D. D. Sarma, and N. Pradhan, “Prevention of photooxidation in blue-green emitting Cu doped ZnSe nanocrystals,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 46(16), 2853–2855 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. N. Pradhan, D. M. Battaglia, Y. Liu, and X. Peng, “Efficient, stable, small, and water-soluble doped ZnSe nanocrystal emitters as non-cadmium biomedical labels,” Nano Lett. 7(2), 312–317 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. T. Yao, S. Kou, Y. Sun, Q. Zhao, and J. Yang, “Facile synthesis, optical properties and growth mechanism of elongated Mn-doped ZnSe1−xSx nanocrystals,” CrystEngComm 14(24), 8440 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  19. L. Pang, Y. Shen, K. Tetz, and Y. Fainman, “PMMA quantum dots composites fabricated via use of pre-polymerization,” Opt. Express 13(1), 44–49 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. H. Zhang, C. Wang, M. Li, J. Zhang, G. Lu, and B. Yang, “Fluorescent nanocrystal–polymer complexes with flexible processability,” Adv. Mater. 17(7), 853–857 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  21. N. D. Bronstein, L. Li, L. Xu, Y. Yao, V. E. Ferry, A. P. Alivisatos, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Luminescent solar concentration with semiconductor nanorods and transfer-printed micro-silicon solar cells,” ACS Nano 8(1), 44–53 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. A. T. R. Williams, S. A. Winfield, and J. N. Miller, “Relative fluorescence quantum yields using a computer-controlled luminescence spectrometer,” Analyst (Lond.) 108(1290), 1067–1071 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  23. R. Viswanatha, S. Brovelli, A. Pandey, S. A. Crooker, and V. I. Klimov, “Copper-doped inverted core/shell nanocrystals with “permanent” optically active holes,” Nano Lett. 11(11), 4753–4758 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. A. Zhang, C. Dong, H. Liu, and J. Ren, “Blinking Behavior of CdSe/CdS Quantum Dots Controlled by Alkylthiols as Surface Trap Modifiers,” J. Phys. Chem. C 117(46), 24592–24600 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  25. J. Aldana, N. Lavelle, Y. Wang, and X. Peng, “Size-dependent dissociation pH of thiolate ligands from cadmium chalcogenide nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(8), 2496–2504 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. P. Schapotschnikow, B. Hommersom, and T. J. Vlugt, “Adsorption and binding of ligands to CdSe nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113(29), 12690–12698 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  27. R. L. Frank, P. V. Smith, F. E. Woodward, W. B. Reynolds, and P. J. Canterino, “Mercaptan structure and regulator activity in emulsion polymerizations,” J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Phys. Ed. 3, 39–49 (1948).
  28. M. Zhu, X. Peng, Z. Wang, Z. Bai, B. Chen, Y. Wang, H. Hao, Z. Shao, and H. Zhong, “Highly transparent and colour-tunable composite films with increased quantum dot loading,” J. Mater. Chem. 2, 10031–10036 (2014).

2014 (5)

R. Liang, D. Yan, R. Tian, X. Yu, W. Shi, C. Li, M. Wei, D. G. Evans, and X. Duan, “Quantum Dots-Based Flexible Films and Their Application as the Phosphor in White Light-Emitting Diodes,” Chem. Mater. 26(8), 2595–2600 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. S. Erickson, L. R. Bradshaw, S. McDowall, J. D. Gilbertson, D. R. Gamelin, and D. L. Patrick, “Zero-reabsorption doped-nanocrystal luminescent solar concentrators,” ACS Nano 8(4), 3461–3467 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Meinardi, A. Colombo, K. A. Velizhanin, R. Simonutti, M. Lorenzon, L. Beverina, R. Viswanatha, V. I. Klimov, and S. Brovelli, “Large-area luminescent solar concentrators based on ‘Stokes-shift-engineered’ nanocrystals in a mass-polymerized PMMA matrix,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 392–399 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. D. Bronstein, L. Li, L. Xu, Y. Yao, V. E. Ferry, A. P. Alivisatos, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Luminescent solar concentration with semiconductor nanorods and transfer-printed micro-silicon solar cells,” ACS Nano 8(1), 44–53 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Zhu, X. Peng, Z. Wang, Z. Bai, B. Chen, Y. Wang, H. Hao, Z. Shao, and H. Zhong, “Highly transparent and colour-tunable composite films with increased quantum dot loading,” J. Mater. Chem. 2, 10031–10036 (2014).

2013 (4)

A. Zhang, C. Dong, H. Liu, and J. Ren, “Blinking Behavior of CdSe/CdS Quantum Dots Controlled by Alkylthiols as Surface Trap Modifiers,” J. Phys. Chem. C 117(46), 24592–24600 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Buonsanti and D. J. Milliron, “Chemistry of Doped Colloidal Nanocrystals,” Chem. Mater. 25(8), 1305–1317 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Krumer, S. J. Pera, R. J. van Dijk-Moes, Y. Zhao, A. F. de Brouwer, E. Groeneveld, W. G. van Sark, R. E. Schropp, and C. de Mello Donegá, “Tackling self-absorption in luminescent solar concentrators with type-II colloidal quantum dots,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 111, 57–65 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Cho, J. Kwag, S. Jeong, Y. Baek, and S. Kim, “Highly Fluorescent and Stable Quantum Dot-Polymer-Layered Double Hydroxide Composites,” Chem. Mater. 25(7), 1071–1077 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

E. H. Sargent, “Colloidal quantum dot solar cells,” Nat. Photonics 6(3), 133–135 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Yao, S. Kou, Y. Sun, Q. Zhao, and J. Yang, “Facile synthesis, optical properties and growth mechanism of elongated Mn-doped ZnSe1−xSx nanocrystals,” CrystEngComm 14(24), 8440 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

R. Viswanatha, S. Brovelli, A. Pandey, S. A. Crooker, and V. I. Klimov, “Copper-doped inverted core/shell nanocrystals with “permanent” optically active holes,” Nano Lett. 11(11), 4753–4758 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Viswanatha, J. M. Pietryga, V. I. Klimov, and S. A. Crooker, “Spin-polarized Mn2+ emission from Mn-doped colloidal nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(6), 067402 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. J. Shuhendler, P. Prasad, H.-K. C. Chan, C. R. Gordijo, B. Soroushian, M. Kolios, K. Yu, P. J. O’Brien, A. M. Rauth, and X. Y. Wu, “Hybrid quantum dot-fatty ester stealth nanoparticles: toward clinically relevant in vivo optical imaging of deep tissue,” ACS Nano 5(3), 1958–1966 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

A. Louie, “Multimodality imaging probes: design and challenges,” Chem. Rev. 110(5), 3146–3195 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. V. Talapin, J.-S. Lee, M. V. Kovalenko, and E. V. Shevchenko, “Prospects of colloidal nanocrystals for electronic and optoelectronic applications,” Chem. Rev. 110(1), 389–458 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Jana, B. B. Srivastava, S. Acharya, P. K. Santra, N. R. Jana, D. D. Sarma, and N. Pradhan, “Prevention of photooxidation in blue-green emitting Cu doped ZnSe nanocrystals,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 46(16), 2853–2855 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

P. Reiss, M. Protière, and L. Li, “Core/Shell semiconductor nanocrystals,” Small 5(2), 154–168 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. O. Anikeeva, J. E. Halpert, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Quantum dot light-emitting devices with electroluminescence tunable over the entire visible spectrum,” Nano Lett. 9(7), 2532–2536 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Schapotschnikow, B. Hommersom, and T. J. Vlugt, “Adsorption and binding of ligands to CdSe nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113(29), 12690–12698 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

V. I. Klimov, S. A. Ivanov, J. Nanda, M. Achermann, I. Bezel, J. A. McGuire, and A. Piryatinski, “Single-exciton optical gain in semiconductor nanocrystals,” Nature 447(7143), 441–446 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Pradhan, D. M. Battaglia, Y. Liu, and X. Peng, “Efficient, stable, small, and water-soluble doped ZnSe nanocrystal emitters as non-cadmium biomedical labels,” Nano Lett. 7(2), 312–317 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

L. Pang, Y. Shen, K. Tetz, and Y. Fainman, “PMMA quantum dots composites fabricated via use of pre-polymerization,” Opt. Express 13(1), 44–49 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, C. Wang, M. Li, J. Zhang, G. Lu, and B. Yang, “Fluorescent nanocrystal–polymer complexes with flexible processability,” Adv. Mater. 17(7), 853–857 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Aldana, N. Lavelle, Y. Wang, and X. Peng, “Size-dependent dissociation pH of thiolate ligands from cadmium chalcogenide nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(8), 2496–2504 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1983 (1)

A. T. R. Williams, S. A. Winfield, and J. N. Miller, “Relative fluorescence quantum yields using a computer-controlled luminescence spectrometer,” Analyst (Lond.) 108(1290), 1067–1071 (1983).
[Crossref]

1948 (1)

R. L. Frank, P. V. Smith, F. E. Woodward, W. B. Reynolds, and P. J. Canterino, “Mercaptan structure and regulator activity in emulsion polymerizations,” J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Phys. Ed. 3, 39–49 (1948).

Acharya, S.

S. Jana, B. B. Srivastava, S. Acharya, P. K. Santra, N. R. Jana, D. D. Sarma, and N. Pradhan, “Prevention of photooxidation in blue-green emitting Cu doped ZnSe nanocrystals,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 46(16), 2853–2855 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Achermann, M.

V. I. Klimov, S. A. Ivanov, J. Nanda, M. Achermann, I. Bezel, J. A. McGuire, and A. Piryatinski, “Single-exciton optical gain in semiconductor nanocrystals,” Nature 447(7143), 441–446 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aldana, J.

J. Aldana, N. Lavelle, Y. Wang, and X. Peng, “Size-dependent dissociation pH of thiolate ligands from cadmium chalcogenide nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(8), 2496–2504 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alivisatos, A. P.

N. D. Bronstein, L. Li, L. Xu, Y. Yao, V. E. Ferry, A. P. Alivisatos, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Luminescent solar concentration with semiconductor nanorods and transfer-printed micro-silicon solar cells,” ACS Nano 8(1), 44–53 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anikeeva, P. O.

P. O. Anikeeva, J. E. Halpert, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Quantum dot light-emitting devices with electroluminescence tunable over the entire visible spectrum,” Nano Lett. 9(7), 2532–2536 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baek, Y.

S. Cho, J. Kwag, S. Jeong, Y. Baek, and S. Kim, “Highly Fluorescent and Stable Quantum Dot-Polymer-Layered Double Hydroxide Composites,” Chem. Mater. 25(7), 1071–1077 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bai, Z.

M. Zhu, X. Peng, Z. Wang, Z. Bai, B. Chen, Y. Wang, H. Hao, Z. Shao, and H. Zhong, “Highly transparent and colour-tunable composite films with increased quantum dot loading,” J. Mater. Chem. 2, 10031–10036 (2014).

Battaglia, D. M.

N. Pradhan, D. M. Battaglia, Y. Liu, and X. Peng, “Efficient, stable, small, and water-soluble doped ZnSe nanocrystal emitters as non-cadmium biomedical labels,” Nano Lett. 7(2), 312–317 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bawendi, M. G.

P. O. Anikeeva, J. E. Halpert, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Quantum dot light-emitting devices with electroluminescence tunable over the entire visible spectrum,” Nano Lett. 9(7), 2532–2536 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Beverina, L.

F. Meinardi, A. Colombo, K. A. Velizhanin, R. Simonutti, M. Lorenzon, L. Beverina, R. Viswanatha, V. I. Klimov, and S. Brovelli, “Large-area luminescent solar concentrators based on ‘Stokes-shift-engineered’ nanocrystals in a mass-polymerized PMMA matrix,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 392–399 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bezel, I.

V. I. Klimov, S. A. Ivanov, J. Nanda, M. Achermann, I. Bezel, J. A. McGuire, and A. Piryatinski, “Single-exciton optical gain in semiconductor nanocrystals,” Nature 447(7143), 441–446 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bradshaw, L. R.

C. S. Erickson, L. R. Bradshaw, S. McDowall, J. D. Gilbertson, D. R. Gamelin, and D. L. Patrick, “Zero-reabsorption doped-nanocrystal luminescent solar concentrators,” ACS Nano 8(4), 3461–3467 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bronstein, N. D.

N. D. Bronstein, L. Li, L. Xu, Y. Yao, V. E. Ferry, A. P. Alivisatos, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Luminescent solar concentration with semiconductor nanorods and transfer-printed micro-silicon solar cells,” ACS Nano 8(1), 44–53 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brovelli, S.

F. Meinardi, A. Colombo, K. A. Velizhanin, R. Simonutti, M. Lorenzon, L. Beverina, R. Viswanatha, V. I. Klimov, and S. Brovelli, “Large-area luminescent solar concentrators based on ‘Stokes-shift-engineered’ nanocrystals in a mass-polymerized PMMA matrix,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 392–399 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Viswanatha, S. Brovelli, A. Pandey, S. A. Crooker, and V. I. Klimov, “Copper-doped inverted core/shell nanocrystals with “permanent” optically active holes,” Nano Lett. 11(11), 4753–4758 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bulovic, V.

P. O. Anikeeva, J. E. Halpert, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Quantum dot light-emitting devices with electroluminescence tunable over the entire visible spectrum,” Nano Lett. 9(7), 2532–2536 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Buonsanti, R.

R. Buonsanti and D. J. Milliron, “Chemistry of Doped Colloidal Nanocrystals,” Chem. Mater. 25(8), 1305–1317 (2013).
[Crossref]

Canterino, P. J.

R. L. Frank, P. V. Smith, F. E. Woodward, W. B. Reynolds, and P. J. Canterino, “Mercaptan structure and regulator activity in emulsion polymerizations,” J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Phys. Ed. 3, 39–49 (1948).

Chan, H.-K. C.

A. J. Shuhendler, P. Prasad, H.-K. C. Chan, C. R. Gordijo, B. Soroushian, M. Kolios, K. Yu, P. J. O’Brien, A. M. Rauth, and X. Y. Wu, “Hybrid quantum dot-fatty ester stealth nanoparticles: toward clinically relevant in vivo optical imaging of deep tissue,” ACS Nano 5(3), 1958–1966 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, B.

M. Zhu, X. Peng, Z. Wang, Z. Bai, B. Chen, Y. Wang, H. Hao, Z. Shao, and H. Zhong, “Highly transparent and colour-tunable composite films with increased quantum dot loading,” J. Mater. Chem. 2, 10031–10036 (2014).

Cho, S.

S. Cho, J. Kwag, S. Jeong, Y. Baek, and S. Kim, “Highly Fluorescent and Stable Quantum Dot-Polymer-Layered Double Hydroxide Composites,” Chem. Mater. 25(7), 1071–1077 (2013).
[Crossref]

Colombo, A.

F. Meinardi, A. Colombo, K. A. Velizhanin, R. Simonutti, M. Lorenzon, L. Beverina, R. Viswanatha, V. I. Klimov, and S. Brovelli, “Large-area luminescent solar concentrators based on ‘Stokes-shift-engineered’ nanocrystals in a mass-polymerized PMMA matrix,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 392–399 (2014).
[Crossref]

Coskun, Y.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Crooker, S. A.

R. Viswanatha, J. M. Pietryga, V. I. Klimov, and S. A. Crooker, “Spin-polarized Mn2+ emission from Mn-doped colloidal nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(6), 067402 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Viswanatha, S. Brovelli, A. Pandey, S. A. Crooker, and V. I. Klimov, “Copper-doped inverted core/shell nanocrystals with “permanent” optically active holes,” Nano Lett. 11(11), 4753–4758 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

de Brouwer, A. F.

Z. Krumer, S. J. Pera, R. J. van Dijk-Moes, Y. Zhao, A. F. de Brouwer, E. Groeneveld, W. G. van Sark, R. E. Schropp, and C. de Mello Donegá, “Tackling self-absorption in luminescent solar concentrators with type-II colloidal quantum dots,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 111, 57–65 (2013).
[Crossref]

de Mello Donegá, C.

Z. Krumer, S. J. Pera, R. J. van Dijk-Moes, Y. Zhao, A. F. de Brouwer, E. Groeneveld, W. G. van Sark, R. E. Schropp, and C. de Mello Donegá, “Tackling self-absorption in luminescent solar concentrators with type-II colloidal quantum dots,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 111, 57–65 (2013).
[Crossref]

Demir, H. V.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dong, C.

A. Zhang, C. Dong, H. Liu, and J. Ren, “Blinking Behavior of CdSe/CdS Quantum Dots Controlled by Alkylthiols as Surface Trap Modifiers,” J. Phys. Chem. C 117(46), 24592–24600 (2013).
[Crossref]

Duan, X.

R. Liang, D. Yan, R. Tian, X. Yu, W. Shi, C. Li, M. Wei, D. G. Evans, and X. Duan, “Quantum Dots-Based Flexible Films and Their Application as the Phosphor in White Light-Emitting Diodes,” Chem. Mater. 26(8), 2595–2600 (2014).
[Crossref]

Erdem, T.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Erickson, C. S.

C. S. Erickson, L. R. Bradshaw, S. McDowall, J. D. Gilbertson, D. R. Gamelin, and D. L. Patrick, “Zero-reabsorption doped-nanocrystal luminescent solar concentrators,” ACS Nano 8(4), 3461–3467 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eroglu, C.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Evans, D. G.

R. Liang, D. Yan, R. Tian, X. Yu, W. Shi, C. Li, M. Wei, D. G. Evans, and X. Duan, “Quantum Dots-Based Flexible Films and Their Application as the Phosphor in White Light-Emitting Diodes,” Chem. Mater. 26(8), 2595–2600 (2014).
[Crossref]

Eychmüller, A.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fainman, Y.

Ferry, V. E.

N. D. Bronstein, L. Li, L. Xu, Y. Yao, V. E. Ferry, A. P. Alivisatos, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Luminescent solar concentration with semiconductor nanorods and transfer-printed micro-silicon solar cells,” ACS Nano 8(1), 44–53 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Frank, R. L.

R. L. Frank, P. V. Smith, F. E. Woodward, W. B. Reynolds, and P. J. Canterino, “Mercaptan structure and regulator activity in emulsion polymerizations,” J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Phys. Ed. 3, 39–49 (1948).

Gamelin, D. R.

C. S. Erickson, L. R. Bradshaw, S. McDowall, J. D. Gilbertson, D. R. Gamelin, and D. L. Patrick, “Zero-reabsorption doped-nanocrystal luminescent solar concentrators,” ACS Nano 8(4), 3461–3467 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gaponik, N.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gilbertson, J. D.

C. S. Erickson, L. R. Bradshaw, S. McDowall, J. D. Gilbertson, D. R. Gamelin, and D. L. Patrick, “Zero-reabsorption doped-nanocrystal luminescent solar concentrators,” ACS Nano 8(4), 3461–3467 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gordijo, C. R.

A. J. Shuhendler, P. Prasad, H.-K. C. Chan, C. R. Gordijo, B. Soroushian, M. Kolios, K. Yu, P. J. O’Brien, A. M. Rauth, and X. Y. Wu, “Hybrid quantum dot-fatty ester stealth nanoparticles: toward clinically relevant in vivo optical imaging of deep tissue,” ACS Nano 5(3), 1958–1966 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Groeneveld, E.

Z. Krumer, S. J. Pera, R. J. van Dijk-Moes, Y. Zhao, A. F. de Brouwer, E. Groeneveld, W. G. van Sark, R. E. Schropp, and C. de Mello Donegá, “Tackling self-absorption in luminescent solar concentrators with type-II colloidal quantum dots,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 111, 57–65 (2013).
[Crossref]

Halpert, J. E.

P. O. Anikeeva, J. E. Halpert, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Quantum dot light-emitting devices with electroluminescence tunable over the entire visible spectrum,” Nano Lett. 9(7), 2532–2536 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hao, H.

M. Zhu, X. Peng, Z. Wang, Z. Bai, B. Chen, Y. Wang, H. Hao, Z. Shao, and H. Zhong, “Highly transparent and colour-tunable composite films with increased quantum dot loading,” J. Mater. Chem. 2, 10031–10036 (2014).

Hernandez-Martinez, P. L.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hickey, S. G.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hommersom, B.

P. Schapotschnikow, B. Hommersom, and T. J. Vlugt, “Adsorption and binding of ligands to CdSe nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113(29), 12690–12698 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ivanov, S. A.

V. I. Klimov, S. A. Ivanov, J. Nanda, M. Achermann, I. Bezel, J. A. McGuire, and A. Piryatinski, “Single-exciton optical gain in semiconductor nanocrystals,” Nature 447(7143), 441–446 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jana, N. R.

S. Jana, B. B. Srivastava, S. Acharya, P. K. Santra, N. R. Jana, D. D. Sarma, and N. Pradhan, “Prevention of photooxidation in blue-green emitting Cu doped ZnSe nanocrystals,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 46(16), 2853–2855 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jana, S.

S. Jana, B. B. Srivastava, S. Acharya, P. K. Santra, N. R. Jana, D. D. Sarma, and N. Pradhan, “Prevention of photooxidation in blue-green emitting Cu doped ZnSe nanocrystals,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 46(16), 2853–2855 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jeong, S.

S. Cho, J. Kwag, S. Jeong, Y. Baek, and S. Kim, “Highly Fluorescent and Stable Quantum Dot-Polymer-Layered Double Hydroxide Composites,” Chem. Mater. 25(7), 1071–1077 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kim, S.

S. Cho, J. Kwag, S. Jeong, Y. Baek, and S. Kim, “Highly Fluorescent and Stable Quantum Dot-Polymer-Layered Double Hydroxide Composites,” Chem. Mater. 25(7), 1071–1077 (2013).
[Crossref]

Klimov, V. I.

F. Meinardi, A. Colombo, K. A. Velizhanin, R. Simonutti, M. Lorenzon, L. Beverina, R. Viswanatha, V. I. Klimov, and S. Brovelli, “Large-area luminescent solar concentrators based on ‘Stokes-shift-engineered’ nanocrystals in a mass-polymerized PMMA matrix,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 392–399 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Viswanatha, J. M. Pietryga, V. I. Klimov, and S. A. Crooker, “Spin-polarized Mn2+ emission from Mn-doped colloidal nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(6), 067402 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Viswanatha, S. Brovelli, A. Pandey, S. A. Crooker, and V. I. Klimov, “Copper-doped inverted core/shell nanocrystals with “permanent” optically active holes,” Nano Lett. 11(11), 4753–4758 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. I. Klimov, S. A. Ivanov, J. Nanda, M. Achermann, I. Bezel, J. A. McGuire, and A. Piryatinski, “Single-exciton optical gain in semiconductor nanocrystals,” Nature 447(7143), 441–446 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kolios, M.

A. J. Shuhendler, P. Prasad, H.-K. C. Chan, C. R. Gordijo, B. Soroushian, M. Kolios, K. Yu, P. J. O’Brien, A. M. Rauth, and X. Y. Wu, “Hybrid quantum dot-fatty ester stealth nanoparticles: toward clinically relevant in vivo optical imaging of deep tissue,” ACS Nano 5(3), 1958–1966 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kou, S.

T. Yao, S. Kou, Y. Sun, Q. Zhao, and J. Yang, “Facile synthesis, optical properties and growth mechanism of elongated Mn-doped ZnSe1−xSx nanocrystals,” CrystEngComm 14(24), 8440 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kovalenko, M. V.

D. V. Talapin, J.-S. Lee, M. V. Kovalenko, and E. V. Shevchenko, “Prospects of colloidal nanocrystals for electronic and optoelectronic applications,” Chem. Rev. 110(1), 389–458 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krumer, Z.

Z. Krumer, S. J. Pera, R. J. van Dijk-Moes, Y. Zhao, A. F. de Brouwer, E. Groeneveld, W. G. van Sark, R. E. Schropp, and C. de Mello Donegá, “Tackling self-absorption in luminescent solar concentrators with type-II colloidal quantum dots,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 111, 57–65 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kwag, J.

S. Cho, J. Kwag, S. Jeong, Y. Baek, and S. Kim, “Highly Fluorescent and Stable Quantum Dot-Polymer-Layered Double Hydroxide Composites,” Chem. Mater. 25(7), 1071–1077 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lavelle, N.

J. Aldana, N. Lavelle, Y. Wang, and X. Peng, “Size-dependent dissociation pH of thiolate ligands from cadmium chalcogenide nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(8), 2496–2504 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, J.-S.

D. V. Talapin, J.-S. Lee, M. V. Kovalenko, and E. V. Shevchenko, “Prospects of colloidal nanocrystals for electronic and optoelectronic applications,” Chem. Rev. 110(1), 389–458 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, C.

R. Liang, D. Yan, R. Tian, X. Yu, W. Shi, C. Li, M. Wei, D. G. Evans, and X. Duan, “Quantum Dots-Based Flexible Films and Their Application as the Phosphor in White Light-Emitting Diodes,” Chem. Mater. 26(8), 2595–2600 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, L.

N. D. Bronstein, L. Li, L. Xu, Y. Yao, V. E. Ferry, A. P. Alivisatos, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Luminescent solar concentration with semiconductor nanorods and transfer-printed micro-silicon solar cells,” ACS Nano 8(1), 44–53 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Reiss, M. Protière, and L. Li, “Core/Shell semiconductor nanocrystals,” Small 5(2), 154–168 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, M.

H. Zhang, C. Wang, M. Li, J. Zhang, G. Lu, and B. Yang, “Fluorescent nanocrystal–polymer complexes with flexible processability,” Adv. Mater. 17(7), 853–857 (2005).
[Crossref]

Liang, R.

R. Liang, D. Yan, R. Tian, X. Yu, W. Shi, C. Li, M. Wei, D. G. Evans, and X. Duan, “Quantum Dots-Based Flexible Films and Their Application as the Phosphor in White Light-Emitting Diodes,” Chem. Mater. 26(8), 2595–2600 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, H.

A. Zhang, C. Dong, H. Liu, and J. Ren, “Blinking Behavior of CdSe/CdS Quantum Dots Controlled by Alkylthiols as Surface Trap Modifiers,” J. Phys. Chem. C 117(46), 24592–24600 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

N. Pradhan, D. M. Battaglia, Y. Liu, and X. Peng, “Efficient, stable, small, and water-soluble doped ZnSe nanocrystal emitters as non-cadmium biomedical labels,” Nano Lett. 7(2), 312–317 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lorenzon, M.

F. Meinardi, A. Colombo, K. A. Velizhanin, R. Simonutti, M. Lorenzon, L. Beverina, R. Viswanatha, V. I. Klimov, and S. Brovelli, “Large-area luminescent solar concentrators based on ‘Stokes-shift-engineered’ nanocrystals in a mass-polymerized PMMA matrix,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 392–399 (2014).
[Crossref]

Louie, A.

A. Louie, “Multimodality imaging probes: design and challenges,” Chem. Rev. 110(5), 3146–3195 (2010).
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Lu, G.

H. Zhang, C. Wang, M. Li, J. Zhang, G. Lu, and B. Yang, “Fluorescent nanocrystal–polymer complexes with flexible processability,” Adv. Mater. 17(7), 853–857 (2005).
[Crossref]

McDowall, S.

C. S. Erickson, L. R. Bradshaw, S. McDowall, J. D. Gilbertson, D. R. Gamelin, and D. L. Patrick, “Zero-reabsorption doped-nanocrystal luminescent solar concentrators,” ACS Nano 8(4), 3461–3467 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McGuire, J. A.

V. I. Klimov, S. A. Ivanov, J. Nanda, M. Achermann, I. Bezel, J. A. McGuire, and A. Piryatinski, “Single-exciton optical gain in semiconductor nanocrystals,” Nature 447(7143), 441–446 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meinardi, F.

F. Meinardi, A. Colombo, K. A. Velizhanin, R. Simonutti, M. Lorenzon, L. Beverina, R. Viswanatha, V. I. Klimov, and S. Brovelli, “Large-area luminescent solar concentrators based on ‘Stokes-shift-engineered’ nanocrystals in a mass-polymerized PMMA matrix,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 392–399 (2014).
[Crossref]

Miller, J. N.

A. T. R. Williams, S. A. Winfield, and J. N. Miller, “Relative fluorescence quantum yields using a computer-controlled luminescence spectrometer,” Analyst (Lond.) 108(1290), 1067–1071 (1983).
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Milliron, D. J.

R. Buonsanti and D. J. Milliron, “Chemistry of Doped Colloidal Nanocrystals,” Chem. Mater. 25(8), 1305–1317 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mutlugun, E.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nanda, J.

V. I. Klimov, S. A. Ivanov, J. Nanda, M. Achermann, I. Bezel, J. A. McGuire, and A. Piryatinski, “Single-exciton optical gain in semiconductor nanocrystals,” Nature 447(7143), 441–446 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nuzzo, R. G.

N. D. Bronstein, L. Li, L. Xu, Y. Yao, V. E. Ferry, A. P. Alivisatos, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Luminescent solar concentration with semiconductor nanorods and transfer-printed micro-silicon solar cells,” ACS Nano 8(1), 44–53 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O’Brien, P. J.

A. J. Shuhendler, P. Prasad, H.-K. C. Chan, C. R. Gordijo, B. Soroushian, M. Kolios, K. Yu, P. J. O’Brien, A. M. Rauth, and X. Y. Wu, “Hybrid quantum dot-fatty ester stealth nanoparticles: toward clinically relevant in vivo optical imaging of deep tissue,” ACS Nano 5(3), 1958–1966 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Panda, S. K.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pandey, A.

R. Viswanatha, S. Brovelli, A. Pandey, S. A. Crooker, and V. I. Klimov, “Copper-doped inverted core/shell nanocrystals with “permanent” optically active holes,” Nano Lett. 11(11), 4753–4758 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pang, L.

Patrick, D. L.

C. S. Erickson, L. R. Bradshaw, S. McDowall, J. D. Gilbertson, D. R. Gamelin, and D. L. Patrick, “Zero-reabsorption doped-nanocrystal luminescent solar concentrators,” ACS Nano 8(4), 3461–3467 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peng, X.

M. Zhu, X. Peng, Z. Wang, Z. Bai, B. Chen, Y. Wang, H. Hao, Z. Shao, and H. Zhong, “Highly transparent and colour-tunable composite films with increased quantum dot loading,” J. Mater. Chem. 2, 10031–10036 (2014).

N. Pradhan, D. M. Battaglia, Y. Liu, and X. Peng, “Efficient, stable, small, and water-soluble doped ZnSe nanocrystal emitters as non-cadmium biomedical labels,” Nano Lett. 7(2), 312–317 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Aldana, N. Lavelle, Y. Wang, and X. Peng, “Size-dependent dissociation pH of thiolate ligands from cadmium chalcogenide nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(8), 2496–2504 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pera, S. J.

Z. Krumer, S. J. Pera, R. J. van Dijk-Moes, Y. Zhao, A. F. de Brouwer, E. Groeneveld, W. G. van Sark, R. E. Schropp, and C. de Mello Donegá, “Tackling self-absorption in luminescent solar concentrators with type-II colloidal quantum dots,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 111, 57–65 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pietryga, J. M.

R. Viswanatha, J. M. Pietryga, V. I. Klimov, and S. A. Crooker, “Spin-polarized Mn2+ emission from Mn-doped colloidal nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(6), 067402 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Piryatinski, A.

V. I. Klimov, S. A. Ivanov, J. Nanda, M. Achermann, I. Bezel, J. A. McGuire, and A. Piryatinski, “Single-exciton optical gain in semiconductor nanocrystals,” Nature 447(7143), 441–446 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pradhan, N.

S. Jana, B. B. Srivastava, S. Acharya, P. K. Santra, N. R. Jana, D. D. Sarma, and N. Pradhan, “Prevention of photooxidation in blue-green emitting Cu doped ZnSe nanocrystals,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 46(16), 2853–2855 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Pradhan, D. M. Battaglia, Y. Liu, and X. Peng, “Efficient, stable, small, and water-soluble doped ZnSe nanocrystal emitters as non-cadmium biomedical labels,” Nano Lett. 7(2), 312–317 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prasad, P.

A. J. Shuhendler, P. Prasad, H.-K. C. Chan, C. R. Gordijo, B. Soroushian, M. Kolios, K. Yu, P. J. O’Brien, A. M. Rauth, and X. Y. Wu, “Hybrid quantum dot-fatty ester stealth nanoparticles: toward clinically relevant in vivo optical imaging of deep tissue,” ACS Nano 5(3), 1958–1966 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Protière, M.

P. Reiss, M. Protière, and L. Li, “Core/Shell semiconductor nanocrystals,” Small 5(2), 154–168 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rauth, A. M.

A. J. Shuhendler, P. Prasad, H.-K. C. Chan, C. R. Gordijo, B. Soroushian, M. Kolios, K. Yu, P. J. O’Brien, A. M. Rauth, and X. Y. Wu, “Hybrid quantum dot-fatty ester stealth nanoparticles: toward clinically relevant in vivo optical imaging of deep tissue,” ACS Nano 5(3), 1958–1966 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reiss, P.

P. Reiss, M. Protière, and L. Li, “Core/Shell semiconductor nanocrystals,” Small 5(2), 154–168 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ren, J.

A. Zhang, C. Dong, H. Liu, and J. Ren, “Blinking Behavior of CdSe/CdS Quantum Dots Controlled by Alkylthiols as Surface Trap Modifiers,” J. Phys. Chem. C 117(46), 24592–24600 (2013).
[Crossref]

Reynolds, W. B.

R. L. Frank, P. V. Smith, F. E. Woodward, W. B. Reynolds, and P. J. Canterino, “Mercaptan structure and regulator activity in emulsion polymerizations,” J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Phys. Ed. 3, 39–49 (1948).

Santra, P. K.

S. Jana, B. B. Srivastava, S. Acharya, P. K. Santra, N. R. Jana, D. D. Sarma, and N. Pradhan, “Prevention of photooxidation in blue-green emitting Cu doped ZnSe nanocrystals,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 46(16), 2853–2855 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sargent, E. H.

E. H. Sargent, “Colloidal quantum dot solar cells,” Nat. Photonics 6(3), 133–135 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sarma, D. D.

S. Jana, B. B. Srivastava, S. Acharya, P. K. Santra, N. R. Jana, D. D. Sarma, and N. Pradhan, “Prevention of photooxidation in blue-green emitting Cu doped ZnSe nanocrystals,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 46(16), 2853–2855 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schapotschnikow, P.

P. Schapotschnikow, B. Hommersom, and T. J. Vlugt, “Adsorption and binding of ligands to CdSe nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113(29), 12690–12698 (2009).
[Crossref]

Schropp, R. E.

Z. Krumer, S. J. Pera, R. J. van Dijk-Moes, Y. Zhao, A. F. de Brouwer, E. Groeneveld, W. G. van Sark, R. E. Schropp, and C. de Mello Donegá, “Tackling self-absorption in luminescent solar concentrators with type-II colloidal quantum dots,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 111, 57–65 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shao, Z.

M. Zhu, X. Peng, Z. Wang, Z. Bai, B. Chen, Y. Wang, H. Hao, Z. Shao, and H. Zhong, “Highly transparent and colour-tunable composite films with increased quantum dot loading,” J. Mater. Chem. 2, 10031–10036 (2014).

Sharma, V. K.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, Y.

Shevchenko, E. V.

D. V. Talapin, J.-S. Lee, M. V. Kovalenko, and E. V. Shevchenko, “Prospects of colloidal nanocrystals for electronic and optoelectronic applications,” Chem. Rev. 110(1), 389–458 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shi, W.

R. Liang, D. Yan, R. Tian, X. Yu, W. Shi, C. Li, M. Wei, D. G. Evans, and X. Duan, “Quantum Dots-Based Flexible Films and Their Application as the Phosphor in White Light-Emitting Diodes,” Chem. Mater. 26(8), 2595–2600 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shuhendler, A. J.

A. J. Shuhendler, P. Prasad, H.-K. C. Chan, C. R. Gordijo, B. Soroushian, M. Kolios, K. Yu, P. J. O’Brien, A. M. Rauth, and X. Y. Wu, “Hybrid quantum dot-fatty ester stealth nanoparticles: toward clinically relevant in vivo optical imaging of deep tissue,” ACS Nano 5(3), 1958–1966 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Simonutti, R.

F. Meinardi, A. Colombo, K. A. Velizhanin, R. Simonutti, M. Lorenzon, L. Beverina, R. Viswanatha, V. I. Klimov, and S. Brovelli, “Large-area luminescent solar concentrators based on ‘Stokes-shift-engineered’ nanocrystals in a mass-polymerized PMMA matrix,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 392–399 (2014).
[Crossref]

Smith, P. V.

R. L. Frank, P. V. Smith, F. E. Woodward, W. B. Reynolds, and P. J. Canterino, “Mercaptan structure and regulator activity in emulsion polymerizations,” J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Phys. Ed. 3, 39–49 (1948).

Soroushian, B.

A. J. Shuhendler, P. Prasad, H.-K. C. Chan, C. R. Gordijo, B. Soroushian, M. Kolios, K. Yu, P. J. O’Brien, A. M. Rauth, and X. Y. Wu, “Hybrid quantum dot-fatty ester stealth nanoparticles: toward clinically relevant in vivo optical imaging of deep tissue,” ACS Nano 5(3), 1958–1966 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Srivastava, B. B.

S. Jana, B. B. Srivastava, S. Acharya, P. K. Santra, N. R. Jana, D. D. Sarma, and N. Pradhan, “Prevention of photooxidation in blue-green emitting Cu doped ZnSe nanocrystals,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 46(16), 2853–2855 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, Y.

T. Yao, S. Kou, Y. Sun, Q. Zhao, and J. Yang, “Facile synthesis, optical properties and growth mechanism of elongated Mn-doped ZnSe1−xSx nanocrystals,” CrystEngComm 14(24), 8440 (2012).
[Crossref]

Talapin, D. V.

D. V. Talapin, J.-S. Lee, M. V. Kovalenko, and E. V. Shevchenko, “Prospects of colloidal nanocrystals for electronic and optoelectronic applications,” Chem. Rev. 110(1), 389–458 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tetz, K.

Tian, R.

R. Liang, D. Yan, R. Tian, X. Yu, W. Shi, C. Li, M. Wei, D. G. Evans, and X. Duan, “Quantum Dots-Based Flexible Films and Their Application as the Phosphor in White Light-Emitting Diodes,” Chem. Mater. 26(8), 2595–2600 (2014).
[Crossref]

Unal, E.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van Dijk-Moes, R. J.

Z. Krumer, S. J. Pera, R. J. van Dijk-Moes, Y. Zhao, A. F. de Brouwer, E. Groeneveld, W. G. van Sark, R. E. Schropp, and C. de Mello Donegá, “Tackling self-absorption in luminescent solar concentrators with type-II colloidal quantum dots,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 111, 57–65 (2013).
[Crossref]

van Sark, W. G.

Z. Krumer, S. J. Pera, R. J. van Dijk-Moes, Y. Zhao, A. F. de Brouwer, E. Groeneveld, W. G. van Sark, R. E. Schropp, and C. de Mello Donegá, “Tackling self-absorption in luminescent solar concentrators with type-II colloidal quantum dots,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 111, 57–65 (2013).
[Crossref]

Velizhanin, K. A.

F. Meinardi, A. Colombo, K. A. Velizhanin, R. Simonutti, M. Lorenzon, L. Beverina, R. Viswanatha, V. I. Klimov, and S. Brovelli, “Large-area luminescent solar concentrators based on ‘Stokes-shift-engineered’ nanocrystals in a mass-polymerized PMMA matrix,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 392–399 (2014).
[Crossref]

Viswanatha, R.

F. Meinardi, A. Colombo, K. A. Velizhanin, R. Simonutti, M. Lorenzon, L. Beverina, R. Viswanatha, V. I. Klimov, and S. Brovelli, “Large-area luminescent solar concentrators based on ‘Stokes-shift-engineered’ nanocrystals in a mass-polymerized PMMA matrix,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 392–399 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Viswanatha, J. M. Pietryga, V. I. Klimov, and S. A. Crooker, “Spin-polarized Mn2+ emission from Mn-doped colloidal nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(6), 067402 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Viswanatha, S. Brovelli, A. Pandey, S. A. Crooker, and V. I. Klimov, “Copper-doped inverted core/shell nanocrystals with “permanent” optically active holes,” Nano Lett. 11(11), 4753–4758 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vlugt, T. J.

P. Schapotschnikow, B. Hommersom, and T. J. Vlugt, “Adsorption and binding of ligands to CdSe nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113(29), 12690–12698 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

H. Zhang, C. Wang, M. Li, J. Zhang, G. Lu, and B. Yang, “Fluorescent nanocrystal–polymer complexes with flexible processability,” Adv. Mater. 17(7), 853–857 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

M. Zhu, X. Peng, Z. Wang, Z. Bai, B. Chen, Y. Wang, H. Hao, Z. Shao, and H. Zhong, “Highly transparent and colour-tunable composite films with increased quantum dot loading,” J. Mater. Chem. 2, 10031–10036 (2014).

J. Aldana, N. Lavelle, Y. Wang, and X. Peng, “Size-dependent dissociation pH of thiolate ligands from cadmium chalcogenide nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(8), 2496–2504 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Z.

M. Zhu, X. Peng, Z. Wang, Z. Bai, B. Chen, Y. Wang, H. Hao, Z. Shao, and H. Zhong, “Highly transparent and colour-tunable composite films with increased quantum dot loading,” J. Mater. Chem. 2, 10031–10036 (2014).

Wei, M.

R. Liang, D. Yan, R. Tian, X. Yu, W. Shi, C. Li, M. Wei, D. G. Evans, and X. Duan, “Quantum Dots-Based Flexible Films and Their Application as the Phosphor in White Light-Emitting Diodes,” Chem. Mater. 26(8), 2595–2600 (2014).
[Crossref]

Williams, A. T. R.

A. T. R. Williams, S. A. Winfield, and J. N. Miller, “Relative fluorescence quantum yields using a computer-controlled luminescence spectrometer,” Analyst (Lond.) 108(1290), 1067–1071 (1983).
[Crossref]

Winfield, S. A.

A. T. R. Williams, S. A. Winfield, and J. N. Miller, “Relative fluorescence quantum yields using a computer-controlled luminescence spectrometer,” Analyst (Lond.) 108(1290), 1067–1071 (1983).
[Crossref]

Woodward, F. E.

R. L. Frank, P. V. Smith, F. E. Woodward, W. B. Reynolds, and P. J. Canterino, “Mercaptan structure and regulator activity in emulsion polymerizations,” J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Phys. Ed. 3, 39–49 (1948).

Wu, X. Y.

A. J. Shuhendler, P. Prasad, H.-K. C. Chan, C. R. Gordijo, B. Soroushian, M. Kolios, K. Yu, P. J. O’Brien, A. M. Rauth, and X. Y. Wu, “Hybrid quantum dot-fatty ester stealth nanoparticles: toward clinically relevant in vivo optical imaging of deep tissue,” ACS Nano 5(3), 1958–1966 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, L.

N. D. Bronstein, L. Li, L. Xu, Y. Yao, V. E. Ferry, A. P. Alivisatos, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Luminescent solar concentration with semiconductor nanorods and transfer-printed micro-silicon solar cells,” ACS Nano 8(1), 44–53 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yan, D.

R. Liang, D. Yan, R. Tian, X. Yu, W. Shi, C. Li, M. Wei, D. G. Evans, and X. Duan, “Quantum Dots-Based Flexible Films and Their Application as the Phosphor in White Light-Emitting Diodes,” Chem. Mater. 26(8), 2595–2600 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, B.

H. Zhang, C. Wang, M. Li, J. Zhang, G. Lu, and B. Yang, “Fluorescent nanocrystal–polymer complexes with flexible processability,” Adv. Mater. 17(7), 853–857 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.

T. Yao, S. Kou, Y. Sun, Q. Zhao, and J. Yang, “Facile synthesis, optical properties and growth mechanism of elongated Mn-doped ZnSe1−xSx nanocrystals,” CrystEngComm 14(24), 8440 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yao, T.

T. Yao, S. Kou, Y. Sun, Q. Zhao, and J. Yang, “Facile synthesis, optical properties and growth mechanism of elongated Mn-doped ZnSe1−xSx nanocrystals,” CrystEngComm 14(24), 8440 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yao, Y.

N. D. Bronstein, L. Li, L. Xu, Y. Yao, V. E. Ferry, A. P. Alivisatos, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Luminescent solar concentration with semiconductor nanorods and transfer-printed micro-silicon solar cells,” ACS Nano 8(1), 44–53 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, K.

A. J. Shuhendler, P. Prasad, H.-K. C. Chan, C. R. Gordijo, B. Soroushian, M. Kolios, K. Yu, P. J. O’Brien, A. M. Rauth, and X. Y. Wu, “Hybrid quantum dot-fatty ester stealth nanoparticles: toward clinically relevant in vivo optical imaging of deep tissue,” ACS Nano 5(3), 1958–1966 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, X.

R. Liang, D. Yan, R. Tian, X. Yu, W. Shi, C. Li, M. Wei, D. G. Evans, and X. Duan, “Quantum Dots-Based Flexible Films and Their Application as the Phosphor in White Light-Emitting Diodes,” Chem. Mater. 26(8), 2595–2600 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, A.

A. Zhang, C. Dong, H. Liu, and J. Ren, “Blinking Behavior of CdSe/CdS Quantum Dots Controlled by Alkylthiols as Surface Trap Modifiers,” J. Phys. Chem. C 117(46), 24592–24600 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

H. Zhang, C. Wang, M. Li, J. Zhang, G. Lu, and B. Yang, “Fluorescent nanocrystal–polymer complexes with flexible processability,” Adv. Mater. 17(7), 853–857 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

H. Zhang, C. Wang, M. Li, J. Zhang, G. Lu, and B. Yang, “Fluorescent nanocrystal–polymer complexes with flexible processability,” Adv. Mater. 17(7), 853–857 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Q.

T. Yao, S. Kou, Y. Sun, Q. Zhao, and J. Yang, “Facile synthesis, optical properties and growth mechanism of elongated Mn-doped ZnSe1−xSx nanocrystals,” CrystEngComm 14(24), 8440 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y.

Z. Krumer, S. J. Pera, R. J. van Dijk-Moes, Y. Zhao, A. F. de Brouwer, E. Groeneveld, W. G. van Sark, R. E. Schropp, and C. de Mello Donegá, “Tackling self-absorption in luminescent solar concentrators with type-II colloidal quantum dots,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 111, 57–65 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhong, H.

M. Zhu, X. Peng, Z. Wang, Z. Bai, B. Chen, Y. Wang, H. Hao, Z. Shao, and H. Zhong, “Highly transparent and colour-tunable composite films with increased quantum dot loading,” J. Mater. Chem. 2, 10031–10036 (2014).

Zhu, M.

M. Zhu, X. Peng, Z. Wang, Z. Bai, B. Chen, Y. Wang, H. Hao, Z. Shao, and H. Zhong, “Highly transparent and colour-tunable composite films with increased quantum dot loading,” J. Mater. Chem. 2, 10031–10036 (2014).

ACS Nano (3)

A. J. Shuhendler, P. Prasad, H.-K. C. Chan, C. R. Gordijo, B. Soroushian, M. Kolios, K. Yu, P. J. O’Brien, A. M. Rauth, and X. Y. Wu, “Hybrid quantum dot-fatty ester stealth nanoparticles: toward clinically relevant in vivo optical imaging of deep tissue,” ACS Nano 5(3), 1958–1966 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. S. Erickson, L. R. Bradshaw, S. McDowall, J. D. Gilbertson, D. R. Gamelin, and D. L. Patrick, “Zero-reabsorption doped-nanocrystal luminescent solar concentrators,” ACS Nano 8(4), 3461–3467 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. D. Bronstein, L. Li, L. Xu, Y. Yao, V. E. Ferry, A. P. Alivisatos, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Luminescent solar concentration with semiconductor nanorods and transfer-printed micro-silicon solar cells,” ACS Nano 8(1), 44–53 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (1)

H. Zhang, C. Wang, M. Li, J. Zhang, G. Lu, and B. Yang, “Fluorescent nanocrystal–polymer complexes with flexible processability,” Adv. Mater. 17(7), 853–857 (2005).
[Crossref]

Analyst (Lond.) (1)

A. T. R. Williams, S. A. Winfield, and J. N. Miller, “Relative fluorescence quantum yields using a computer-controlled luminescence spectrometer,” Analyst (Lond.) 108(1290), 1067–1071 (1983).
[Crossref]

Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (1)

S. Jana, B. B. Srivastava, S. Acharya, P. K. Santra, N. R. Jana, D. D. Sarma, and N. Pradhan, “Prevention of photooxidation in blue-green emitting Cu doped ZnSe nanocrystals,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 46(16), 2853–2855 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chem. Mater. (3)

R. Buonsanti and D. J. Milliron, “Chemistry of Doped Colloidal Nanocrystals,” Chem. Mater. 25(8), 1305–1317 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Cho, J. Kwag, S. Jeong, Y. Baek, and S. Kim, “Highly Fluorescent and Stable Quantum Dot-Polymer-Layered Double Hydroxide Composites,” Chem. Mater. 25(7), 1071–1077 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Liang, D. Yan, R. Tian, X. Yu, W. Shi, C. Li, M. Wei, D. G. Evans, and X. Duan, “Quantum Dots-Based Flexible Films and Their Application as the Phosphor in White Light-Emitting Diodes,” Chem. Mater. 26(8), 2595–2600 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chem. Rev. (2)

A. Louie, “Multimodality imaging probes: design and challenges,” Chem. Rev. 110(5), 3146–3195 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. V. Talapin, J.-S. Lee, M. V. Kovalenko, and E. V. Shevchenko, “Prospects of colloidal nanocrystals for electronic and optoelectronic applications,” Chem. Rev. 110(1), 389–458 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

CrystEngComm (1)

T. Yao, S. Kou, Y. Sun, Q. Zhao, and J. Yang, “Facile synthesis, optical properties and growth mechanism of elongated Mn-doped ZnSe1−xSx nanocrystals,” CrystEngComm 14(24), 8440 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

J. Aldana, N. Lavelle, Y. Wang, and X. Peng, “Size-dependent dissociation pH of thiolate ligands from cadmium chalcogenide nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(8), 2496–2504 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

M. Zhu, X. Peng, Z. Wang, Z. Bai, B. Chen, Y. Wang, H. Hao, Z. Shao, and H. Zhong, “Highly transparent and colour-tunable composite films with increased quantum dot loading,” J. Mater. Chem. 2, 10031–10036 (2014).

J. Phys. Chem. C (2)

P. Schapotschnikow, B. Hommersom, and T. J. Vlugt, “Adsorption and binding of ligands to CdSe nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113(29), 12690–12698 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Zhang, C. Dong, H. Liu, and J. Ren, “Blinking Behavior of CdSe/CdS Quantum Dots Controlled by Alkylthiols as Surface Trap Modifiers,” J. Phys. Chem. C 117(46), 24592–24600 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Phys. Ed. (1)

R. L. Frank, P. V. Smith, F. E. Woodward, W. B. Reynolds, and P. J. Canterino, “Mercaptan structure and regulator activity in emulsion polymerizations,” J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Phys. Ed. 3, 39–49 (1948).

Nano Lett. (4)

R. Viswanatha, S. Brovelli, A. Pandey, S. A. Crooker, and V. I. Klimov, “Copper-doped inverted core/shell nanocrystals with “permanent” optically active holes,” Nano Lett. 11(11), 4753–4758 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Pradhan, D. M. Battaglia, Y. Liu, and X. Peng, “Efficient, stable, small, and water-soluble doped ZnSe nanocrystal emitters as non-cadmium biomedical labels,” Nano Lett. 7(2), 312–317 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. O. Anikeeva, J. E. Halpert, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Quantum dot light-emitting devices with electroluminescence tunable over the entire visible spectrum,” Nano Lett. 9(7), 2532–2536 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (2)

E. H. Sargent, “Colloidal quantum dot solar cells,” Nat. Photonics 6(3), 133–135 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Meinardi, A. Colombo, K. A. Velizhanin, R. Simonutti, M. Lorenzon, L. Beverina, R. Viswanatha, V. I. Klimov, and S. Brovelli, “Large-area luminescent solar concentrators based on ‘Stokes-shift-engineered’ nanocrystals in a mass-polymerized PMMA matrix,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 392–399 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

V. I. Klimov, S. A. Ivanov, J. Nanda, M. Achermann, I. Bezel, J. A. McGuire, and A. Piryatinski, “Single-exciton optical gain in semiconductor nanocrystals,” Nature 447(7143), 441–446 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

R. Viswanatha, J. M. Pietryga, V. I. Klimov, and S. A. Crooker, “Spin-polarized Mn2+ emission from Mn-doped colloidal nanocrystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(6), 067402 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Small (1)

P. Reiss, M. Protière, and L. Li, “Core/Shell semiconductor nanocrystals,” Small 5(2), 154–168 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells (1)

Z. Krumer, S. J. Pera, R. J. van Dijk-Moes, Y. Zhao, A. F. de Brouwer, E. Groeneveld, W. G. van Sark, R. E. Schropp, and C. de Mello Donegá, “Tackling self-absorption in luminescent solar concentrators with type-II colloidal quantum dots,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 111, 57–65 (2013).
[Crossref]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Morphology, crystal structure and optical properties of ZnSe:Mn QDs. Absorption and emission spectra of ZnSe:Mn QDs (A); PL spectra of ZnSe:Mn QDs treated with different amounts of DDT (B); XRD spectra of treated and untreated ZnSe:Mn QDs (C); TEM images of QDs untreated (D) and treated (E) with DDT. Insets on the bottom right corner of the TEM images are corresponding HRTEM images with identical scale bars of 5 nm.”
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Surface molecules and element composition of ZnSe:Mn QDs. FTIR spectra (A) and element composition histogram derived from XPS of QDs (B) before and after treatment with DDT.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Schematic representation of the synthesis and structures of QDs/P composite thin films.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Optical properties of QDs, QDs/P1 and QDs/P2. Absorption and PL spectra of QDs/P1 (A) and QDs/P2 (B); PL spectra of QD/P composite thin films treated with different amount of DDT (C).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 QYs evolution of QDs/P composite thin films. QYs of QDs/P composite thin films synthesized with different amounts of DMPA (A); QYs of QDs/P composite thin films synthesized with different amounts of QDs (B).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Optical properties of QDs/P composite thin films. Photograph of QDs/P composite thin films under daylight (A), UV irradiation (B) and Transmission spectra (C) of QDs/P composite thin films. The samples from left to right are blank polymer, QDs/P1 and QDs/P2 respectively.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) of the blank polymer and QDs/P thin films. The enlarged images in the inset reveals the mass concentration of inorganic QDs is about 0.3%. The obvious peak shift resulted from the surface decorated surfactant.

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