Abstract

This work reports the luminescence, morphology and synthesis of ZnO quantum dots using a simple wet chemical method and different concentrations of Triethanolamine (TEA) as surfactant. Those nanoparticles emitted a strong blue emission band centered at 429 nm when they are dispersed in hexane. Spherical quantum dots with sizes ranging from 3 to 7 nm were obtained for concentrations from 0 to 0.7 ml. of TEA, whereas a mixture with oval-like nanoparticles was observed from concentrations above of 1.1 ml of TEA. It was also possible to control the values of the band gap in ZnO quantum dots depending on the content of TEA. Based on the high quantum yield of 81% measured for those ZnO nanoparticles respect to quinine sulfate dye (QS), it is suggested that such nanoparticles could be used for biolabeling and ZnO based LEDs.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
  4. S. Peng, G. Wu, W. Song, and Q. Wang, “Application of flower-like ZnO nanorods gas sensor detecting SF6 decomposition products,” J. Nanomater. 2013, 135147 (2013).
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  5. Z. Longyue, D. Songyuan, X. Weiwei, and W. Kongjia, “Dye-sensitized solar cells based on ZnO films,” Plasma Sci. Technol. 8(2), 172–175 (2006).
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  6. Z. Zang, A. Nakamura, and J. Temmyo, “Single cuprous oxide films synthesized by radical oxidation at low temperature for PV application,” Opt. Express 21(9), 11448–11456 (2013).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. S. Gulia and R. Kakkar, “ZnO quantum dots for biomedical applications,” Adv. Mat. Lett. 4(12), 876–887 (2013).
  25. P. Felbier, J. Yang, J. Theis, R. W. Liptak, A. Wagner, A. Lorke, G. Bacher, and U. Kortshage, “Highly Luminescent ZnO Quantum Dots Made in a Nonthermal Plasma,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(14), 1988–1993 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  26. L. W. Sun, H. Q. Shi, W. N. Li, H. M. Xiao, S. Y. Fu, X. Z. Cao, and Z. X. Li, “Lanthanum-doped ZnO quantum dots with greatly enhanced fluorescent quantum yield,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(17), 8221–8227 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  27. H. M. Xiong, Z. D. Wang, and Y. Y. Xia, “Polymerization initiated by inherent free radicals on nanoparticle surfaces: a simple method of obtaining ultrastable (ZnO)polymer core–shell nanoparticles with strong blue fluorescence,” Adv. Mater. 18(6), 748–751 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  28. R. Yogamalar, R. Srinivasan, and A. C. Bose, “Multi-capping agents in size confinement of ZnO nanostructured particles,” Opt. Mater. 31(11), 1570–1574 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  29. M. L. Singla, M. Shafeeq, and M. M. Kumar, “Optical characterization of ZnO nanoparticles capped with various surfactants,” J. Lumin. 129(5), 434–438 (2009).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  32. J. W. P. Hsu, D. R. Tallant, R. L. Simpson, N. A. Missert, and R. G. Copeland, “Luminescent properties of solution-grown ZnO nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(25), 252103 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  33. M. A. Bakar, M. A. A. Hamid, and A. Jalar, “Growth behavior of ZnO on Si (100) and platinum coated glass substrate from aqueous solution,” Adv. Mat. Res. 97-101, 1550–1553 (2010).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  36. H. Zheng, G. Duan, Y. Li, S. Yang, X. Xu, and W. Cai, “Blue luminescence of ZnO nanoparticles based on non-equilibrium processes: defect origins and emission controls,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(4), 561–572 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  37. Z. Fang, Y. Wang, D. Xu, Y. Tan, and X. Liu, “Blue luminescent center in ZnO films deposited on silicon substrates,” Opt. Mater. 26(3), 239–242 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  38. M. K. Patra, M. Manoth, V. K. Singh, G. S. Gowd, V. S. Choudhry, S. R. Vadera, and N. Kumar, “Synthesis of stable dispersion of ZnO quantum dots in aqueous medium showing visible emission from bluish green to yellow,” J. Lumin. 129(3), 320–324 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  39. A. Goldeblum, A. Belum-Marian, and V. Teodorescu, “Optical properties of ZnO nanocrystallites embedded in a gold-oxide matrix,” J. of Opt. and Adv. Mat. 8(6), 2129–2132 (2006).
  40. Z. W. Donga, C. F. Zhang, H. Deng, G. J. You, and S. X. Qian, “Raman spectra of single micrometer-sized tubular ZnO,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 99(1), 160–163 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  41. C. A. J. Lin, T. Y. Yang, C. H. Lee, S. H. Huang, R. A. Sperling, M. Zanella, J. K. Li, J. L. Shen, H. H. Wang, H. I. Yeh, W. J. Parak, and W. H. Chang, “Synthesis, characterization, and bioconjugation of fluorescent gold nanoclusters toward biological labeling applications,” ACS Nano 3(2), 395–401 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (1)

Z. Zang and X. Tang, “Enhanced fluorescence imaging performance of hydrophobic colloidal ZnO nanoparticles by a facile method,” J. Alloys Compd. 619, 98–101 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

J. Chen, D. Zhao, C. Li, F. Xu, W. Lei, L. Sun, A. Nathan, and X. W. Sun, “All solution-processed stable white quantum dot light-emitting diodes with hybrid ZnO@TiO₂ as blue emitters,” Sci Rep 4, 4085 (2014).
[PubMed]

S. K. Mishraa, S. Bayana, R. Shankar, P. Chakraborty, and R. K. Srivastava, “Efficient UV photosensitive and photoluminescence properties of sol–gel derived Sn doped ZnO nanostructures,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 211, 8–14 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Felbier, J. Yang, J. Theis, R. W. Liptak, A. Wagner, A. Lorke, G. Bacher, and U. Kortshage, “Highly Luminescent ZnO Quantum Dots Made in a Nonthermal Plasma,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(14), 1988–1993 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (9)

B. Efafi, M. S. Ghamsari, M. A. Aberoumand, M. H. M. Ara, and H. H. Rad, “Highly concentrated ZnO sol with ultra-strong green emission,” Mater. Lett. 111, 78–80 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Weber, S. Botnaraş, D. V. Pham, J. Steigerb, and L. De Colac, “Functionalized ZnO nanoparticles for thin-film transistors: support of ligand removal by non-thermal methods,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(18), 3098–3103 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Peng, G. Wu, W. Song, and Q. Wang, “Application of flower-like ZnO nanorods gas sensor detecting SF6 decomposition products,” J. Nanomater. 2013, 135147 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Zang, A. Nakamura, and J. Temmyo, “Single cuprous oxide films synthesized by radical oxidation at low temperature for PV application,” Opt. Express 21(9), 11448–11456 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. You, L. Dou, K. Yoshimura, T. Kato, K. Ohya, T. Moriarty, K. Emery, C. C. Chen, J. Gao, G. Li, and Y. Yang, “A polymer tandem solar cell with 10.6% power conversion efficiency,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1446 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Kumar, H. C. Swart, O. M. N. Twaeaborwa, R. E. Kroon, J. J. Terblans, S. K. K. Shaat, A. Yousif, and M. M. Duvenhage, “Origin of the red emisión in zinc oxide nanophosphors,” Mater. Lett. 101, 57–60 (2013).

Z. Zulkifli, S. Munisamy, M. Z. M. Yusop, G. Kalita, and M. Tanemura, “Fabrication of nanostructured ZnO films for transparent field emission displays,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52(11S), 11NJ07 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Shi, Y. Zhang, J. Zhang, H. Wang, B. Wu, X. Cai, X. Cui, X. Dong, H. Liang, B. Zhang, and G. Du, “High-performance ultraviolet-blue light-emitting diodes based on an n-ZnO nanowall networks/p-GaN heterojunction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(2), 021109 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Gulia and R. Kakkar, “ZnO quantum dots for biomedical applications,” Adv. Mat. Lett. 4(12), 876–887 (2013).

2012 (2)

A. Pang, C. Chen, L. Chen, W. Liu, and M. Wei, “Flexible dye-sensitized ZnO quantum dots solar cells,” RSC Advances 2(25), 9565–9570 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. W. Sun, H. Q. Shi, W. N. Li, H. M. Xiao, S. Y. Fu, X. Z. Cao, and Z. X. Li, “Lanthanum-doped ZnO quantum dots with greatly enhanced fluorescent quantum yield,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(17), 8221–8227 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

Q. Yue, J. Cheng, G. Li, K. Zhang, Y. Zhai, L. Wang, and J. Liu, “Fluorescence property of ZnO nanoparticles and the interaction with bromothymol blue,” J. Fluoresc. 21(3), 1131–1135 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (6)

K. Thongsuriwong, P. Amornpitoksuk, and S. Suwanboon, “The effect of aminoalcohols (MEA, DEA and TEA) on morphological control of nanocrystalline ZnO powders and its optical properties,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 71(5), 730–734 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. A. Bakar, M. A. A. Hamid, and A. Jalar, “Growth behavior of ZnO on Si (100) and platinum coated glass substrate from aqueous solution,” Adv. Mat. Res. 97-101, 1550–1553 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Zheng, G. Duan, Y. Li, S. Yang, X. Xu, and W. Cai, “Blue luminescence of ZnO nanoparticles based on non-equilibrium processes: defect origins and emission controls,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(4), 561–572 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Gopikrishnan, K. Zhang, P. Ravichandran, S. Baluchamy, V. Ramesh, V. Biradar, P. Ramesh, J. Pradhan, J. C. Hall, A. K. Pradhan, and G. T. Ramesh, “Synthesis, characterization and biocompatibility Studies of Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods for biomedical application,” Nano-Micro Letters 2(1), 31–36 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. J. Rogers, F. H. Teherani, V. E. Sandana, and M. Razeghi, “ZnO thin films and nanostructures for emerging optoelectronic applications,” Proc. SPIE 7605, 76050K(2010).
[Crossref]

Y. He, J. A. Wang, X. B. Chen, W. F. Zhang, X. Y. Zeng, and Q. W. Gu, “Blue electroluminescence Nanodevice prototype based on vertical ZnOnnanowire/polymer film on silicon substrate,” J. Nanopart. Res. 12(1), 169–176 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (5)

R. Yogamalar, R. Srinivasan, and A. C. Bose, “Multi-capping agents in size confinement of ZnO nanostructured particles,” Opt. Mater. 31(11), 1570–1574 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. L. Singla, M. Shafeeq, and M. M. Kumar, “Optical characterization of ZnO nanoparticles capped with various surfactants,” J. Lumin. 129(5), 434–438 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. Tang, B. Zhou, J. Zhao, X. Lv, F. Sun, and Z. Wang, “Synthesis of morphological ZnO particles by a facile solution-based chemical method,” Colloids Surf. A Physicochem. Eng. Asp. 332(1), 43–49 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. A. J. Lin, T. Y. Yang, C. H. Lee, S. H. Huang, R. A. Sperling, M. Zanella, J. K. Li, J. L. Shen, H. H. Wang, H. I. Yeh, W. J. Parak, and W. H. Chang, “Synthesis, characterization, and bioconjugation of fluorescent gold nanoclusters toward biological labeling applications,” ACS Nano 3(2), 395–401 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. K. Patra, M. Manoth, V. K. Singh, G. S. Gowd, V. S. Choudhry, S. R. Vadera, and N. Kumar, “Synthesis of stable dispersion of ZnO quantum dots in aqueous medium showing visible emission from bluish green to yellow,” J. Lumin. 129(3), 320–324 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

Y. Yang, X. W. Sun, B. K. Tay, P. H. T. Cao, J. X. Wang, and X. H. Zhang, “Revealing the surface origin of green band emission from ZnO nanostructures by plasma immersion ion implantation induced quenching,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(6), 064307 (2008).

2007 (2)

E. De la Rosa, S. Sepúlveda-Guzman, B. Reeja-Jayan, A. Torres, P. Salas, N. Elizondo, and M. Jose Yacaman, “Controlling the growth and luminescence properties of well-Faceted ZnO nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111(24), 8489–8495 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. S. Fu, X. W. Du, S. A. Kulinich, J. S. Qiu, W. J. Qin, R. Li, J. Sun, and J. Liu, “Stable Aqueous Dispersion of ZnO Quantum Dots with Strong Blue Emission via Simple Solution route,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(51), 16029–16033 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (7)

H. M. Xiong, Z. D. Wang, and Y. Y. Xia, “Polymerization initiated by inherent free radicals on nanoparticle surfaces: a simple method of obtaining ultrastable (ZnO)polymer core–shell nanoparticles with strong blue fluorescence,” Adv. Mater. 18(6), 748–751 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. W. P. Hsu, D. R. Tallant, R. L. Simpson, N. A. Missert, and R. G. Copeland, “Luminescent properties of solution-grown ZnO nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(25), 252103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Z. Longyue, D. Songyuan, X. Weiwei, and W. Kongjia, “Dye-sensitized solar cells based on ZnO films,” Plasma Sci. Technol. 8(2), 172–175 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. B. Djuriši, Y. H. Leung, K. H. Tam, L. Ding, W. K. Ge, H. Y. Chen, and S. Gwo, “Green, yellow, and orange defect emission from ZnO nanostructures: Influence of excitation wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(10), 103107 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. H. Du, F. Xu, Z. Y. Yuan, and G. V. Tendeloo, “Flowerlike ZnO nanocones and nanowires: preparation, structure, and luminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(24), 243101 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Goldeblum, A. Belum-Marian, and V. Teodorescu, “Optical properties of ZnO nanocrystallites embedded in a gold-oxide matrix,” J. of Opt. and Adv. Mat. 8(6), 2129–2132 (2006).

Z. W. Donga, C. F. Zhang, H. Deng, G. J. You, and S. X. Qian, “Raman spectra of single micrometer-sized tubular ZnO,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 99(1), 160–163 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

Z. Fang, Y. Wang, D. Xu, Y. Tan, and X. Liu, “Blue luminescent center in ZnO films deposited on silicon substrates,” Opt. Mater. 26(3), 239–242 (2004).
[Crossref]

Y. Gu, I. L. Kuskovsky, M. Yin, S. O’Brien, and G. F. Neumark, “Quantum confinement in ZnO nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(17), 3833 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

D. H. Zhang, Z. Y. Xue, and Q. P. Wang, “The mechanisms of blue emission from ZnO films deposited on glass substrate by r.f. magnetron sputtering,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 35(21), 2837–2840 (2002).
[Crossref]

Aberoumand, M. A.

B. Efafi, M. S. Ghamsari, M. A. Aberoumand, M. H. M. Ara, and H. H. Rad, “Highly concentrated ZnO sol with ultra-strong green emission,” Mater. Lett. 111, 78–80 (2013).
[Crossref]

Amornpitoksuk, P.

K. Thongsuriwong, P. Amornpitoksuk, and S. Suwanboon, “The effect of aminoalcohols (MEA, DEA and TEA) on morphological control of nanocrystalline ZnO powders and its optical properties,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 71(5), 730–734 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ara, M. H. M.

B. Efafi, M. S. Ghamsari, M. A. Aberoumand, M. H. M. Ara, and H. H. Rad, “Highly concentrated ZnO sol with ultra-strong green emission,” Mater. Lett. 111, 78–80 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bacher, G.

P. Felbier, J. Yang, J. Theis, R. W. Liptak, A. Wagner, A. Lorke, G. Bacher, and U. Kortshage, “Highly Luminescent ZnO Quantum Dots Made in a Nonthermal Plasma,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(14), 1988–1993 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bakar, M. A.

M. A. Bakar, M. A. A. Hamid, and A. Jalar, “Growth behavior of ZnO on Si (100) and platinum coated glass substrate from aqueous solution,” Adv. Mat. Res. 97-101, 1550–1553 (2010).
[Crossref]

Baluchamy, S.

R. Gopikrishnan, K. Zhang, P. Ravichandran, S. Baluchamy, V. Ramesh, V. Biradar, P. Ramesh, J. Pradhan, J. C. Hall, A. K. Pradhan, and G. T. Ramesh, “Synthesis, characterization and biocompatibility Studies of Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods for biomedical application,” Nano-Micro Letters 2(1), 31–36 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bayana, S.

S. K. Mishraa, S. Bayana, R. Shankar, P. Chakraborty, and R. K. Srivastava, “Efficient UV photosensitive and photoluminescence properties of sol–gel derived Sn doped ZnO nanostructures,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 211, 8–14 (2014).
[Crossref]

Belum-Marian, A.

A. Goldeblum, A. Belum-Marian, and V. Teodorescu, “Optical properties of ZnO nanocrystallites embedded in a gold-oxide matrix,” J. of Opt. and Adv. Mat. 8(6), 2129–2132 (2006).

Biradar, V.

R. Gopikrishnan, K. Zhang, P. Ravichandran, S. Baluchamy, V. Ramesh, V. Biradar, P. Ramesh, J. Pradhan, J. C. Hall, A. K. Pradhan, and G. T. Ramesh, “Synthesis, characterization and biocompatibility Studies of Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods for biomedical application,” Nano-Micro Letters 2(1), 31–36 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bose, A. C.

R. Yogamalar, R. Srinivasan, and A. C. Bose, “Multi-capping agents in size confinement of ZnO nanostructured particles,” Opt. Mater. 31(11), 1570–1574 (2009).
[Crossref]

Botnaras, S.

D. Weber, S. Botnaraş, D. V. Pham, J. Steigerb, and L. De Colac, “Functionalized ZnO nanoparticles for thin-film transistors: support of ligand removal by non-thermal methods,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(18), 3098–3103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cai, W.

H. Zheng, G. Duan, Y. Li, S. Yang, X. Xu, and W. Cai, “Blue luminescence of ZnO nanoparticles based on non-equilibrium processes: defect origins and emission controls,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(4), 561–572 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cai, X.

Z. Shi, Y. Zhang, J. Zhang, H. Wang, B. Wu, X. Cai, X. Cui, X. Dong, H. Liang, B. Zhang, and G. Du, “High-performance ultraviolet-blue light-emitting diodes based on an n-ZnO nanowall networks/p-GaN heterojunction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(2), 021109 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cao, P. H. T.

Y. Yang, X. W. Sun, B. K. Tay, P. H. T. Cao, J. X. Wang, and X. H. Zhang, “Revealing the surface origin of green band emission from ZnO nanostructures by plasma immersion ion implantation induced quenching,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(6), 064307 (2008).

Cao, X. Z.

L. W. Sun, H. Q. Shi, W. N. Li, H. M. Xiao, S. Y. Fu, X. Z. Cao, and Z. X. Li, “Lanthanum-doped ZnO quantum dots with greatly enhanced fluorescent quantum yield,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(17), 8221–8227 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chakraborty, P.

S. K. Mishraa, S. Bayana, R. Shankar, P. Chakraborty, and R. K. Srivastava, “Efficient UV photosensitive and photoluminescence properties of sol–gel derived Sn doped ZnO nanostructures,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 211, 8–14 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chang, W. H.

C. A. J. Lin, T. Y. Yang, C. H. Lee, S. H. Huang, R. A. Sperling, M. Zanella, J. K. Li, J. L. Shen, H. H. Wang, H. I. Yeh, W. J. Parak, and W. H. Chang, “Synthesis, characterization, and bioconjugation of fluorescent gold nanoclusters toward biological labeling applications,” ACS Nano 3(2), 395–401 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, C.

A. Pang, C. Chen, L. Chen, W. Liu, and M. Wei, “Flexible dye-sensitized ZnO quantum dots solar cells,” RSC Advances 2(25), 9565–9570 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, C. C.

J. You, L. Dou, K. Yoshimura, T. Kato, K. Ohya, T. Moriarty, K. Emery, C. C. Chen, J. Gao, G. Li, and Y. Yang, “A polymer tandem solar cell with 10.6% power conversion efficiency,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1446 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H. Y.

A. B. Djuriši, Y. H. Leung, K. H. Tam, L. Ding, W. K. Ge, H. Y. Chen, and S. Gwo, “Green, yellow, and orange defect emission from ZnO nanostructures: Influence of excitation wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(10), 103107 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

J. Chen, D. Zhao, C. Li, F. Xu, W. Lei, L. Sun, A. Nathan, and X. W. Sun, “All solution-processed stable white quantum dot light-emitting diodes with hybrid ZnO@TiO₂ as blue emitters,” Sci Rep 4, 4085 (2014).
[PubMed]

Chen, L.

A. Pang, C. Chen, L. Chen, W. Liu, and M. Wei, “Flexible dye-sensitized ZnO quantum dots solar cells,” RSC Advances 2(25), 9565–9570 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, X. B.

Y. He, J. A. Wang, X. B. Chen, W. F. Zhang, X. Y. Zeng, and Q. W. Gu, “Blue electroluminescence Nanodevice prototype based on vertical ZnOnnanowire/polymer film on silicon substrate,” J. Nanopart. Res. 12(1), 169–176 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cheng, J.

Q. Yue, J. Cheng, G. Li, K. Zhang, Y. Zhai, L. Wang, and J. Liu, “Fluorescence property of ZnO nanoparticles and the interaction with bromothymol blue,” J. Fluoresc. 21(3), 1131–1135 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choudhry, V. S.

M. K. Patra, M. Manoth, V. K. Singh, G. S. Gowd, V. S. Choudhry, S. R. Vadera, and N. Kumar, “Synthesis of stable dispersion of ZnO quantum dots in aqueous medium showing visible emission from bluish green to yellow,” J. Lumin. 129(3), 320–324 (2009).
[Crossref]

Copeland, R. G.

J. W. P. Hsu, D. R. Tallant, R. L. Simpson, N. A. Missert, and R. G. Copeland, “Luminescent properties of solution-grown ZnO nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(25), 252103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cui, X.

Z. Shi, Y. Zhang, J. Zhang, H. Wang, B. Wu, X. Cai, X. Cui, X. Dong, H. Liang, B. Zhang, and G. Du, “High-performance ultraviolet-blue light-emitting diodes based on an n-ZnO nanowall networks/p-GaN heterojunction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(2), 021109 (2013).
[Crossref]

De Colac, L.

D. Weber, S. Botnaraş, D. V. Pham, J. Steigerb, and L. De Colac, “Functionalized ZnO nanoparticles for thin-film transistors: support of ligand removal by non-thermal methods,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(18), 3098–3103 (2013).
[Crossref]

De la Rosa, E.

E. De la Rosa, S. Sepúlveda-Guzman, B. Reeja-Jayan, A. Torres, P. Salas, N. Elizondo, and M. Jose Yacaman, “Controlling the growth and luminescence properties of well-Faceted ZnO nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111(24), 8489–8495 (2007).
[Crossref]

Deng, H.

Z. W. Donga, C. F. Zhang, H. Deng, G. J. You, and S. X. Qian, “Raman spectra of single micrometer-sized tubular ZnO,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 99(1), 160–163 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ding, L.

A. B. Djuriši, Y. H. Leung, K. H. Tam, L. Ding, W. K. Ge, H. Y. Chen, and S. Gwo, “Green, yellow, and orange defect emission from ZnO nanostructures: Influence of excitation wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(10), 103107 (2006).
[Crossref]

Djuriši, A. B.

A. B. Djuriši, Y. H. Leung, K. H. Tam, L. Ding, W. K. Ge, H. Y. Chen, and S. Gwo, “Green, yellow, and orange defect emission from ZnO nanostructures: Influence of excitation wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(10), 103107 (2006).
[Crossref]

Dong, X.

Z. Shi, Y. Zhang, J. Zhang, H. Wang, B. Wu, X. Cai, X. Cui, X. Dong, H. Liang, B. Zhang, and G. Du, “High-performance ultraviolet-blue light-emitting diodes based on an n-ZnO nanowall networks/p-GaN heterojunction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(2), 021109 (2013).
[Crossref]

Donga, Z. W.

Z. W. Donga, C. F. Zhang, H. Deng, G. J. You, and S. X. Qian, “Raman spectra of single micrometer-sized tubular ZnO,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 99(1), 160–163 (2006).
[Crossref]

Dou, L.

J. You, L. Dou, K. Yoshimura, T. Kato, K. Ohya, T. Moriarty, K. Emery, C. C. Chen, J. Gao, G. Li, and Y. Yang, “A polymer tandem solar cell with 10.6% power conversion efficiency,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1446 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Du, G.

Z. Shi, Y. Zhang, J. Zhang, H. Wang, B. Wu, X. Cai, X. Cui, X. Dong, H. Liang, B. Zhang, and G. Du, “High-performance ultraviolet-blue light-emitting diodes based on an n-ZnO nanowall networks/p-GaN heterojunction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(2), 021109 (2013).
[Crossref]

Du, G. H.

G. H. Du, F. Xu, Z. Y. Yuan, and G. V. Tendeloo, “Flowerlike ZnO nanocones and nanowires: preparation, structure, and luminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(24), 243101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Du, X. W.

Y. S. Fu, X. W. Du, S. A. Kulinich, J. S. Qiu, W. J. Qin, R. Li, J. Sun, and J. Liu, “Stable Aqueous Dispersion of ZnO Quantum Dots with Strong Blue Emission via Simple Solution route,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(51), 16029–16033 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Duan, G.

H. Zheng, G. Duan, Y. Li, S. Yang, X. Xu, and W. Cai, “Blue luminescence of ZnO nanoparticles based on non-equilibrium processes: defect origins and emission controls,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(4), 561–572 (2010).
[Crossref]

Duvenhage, M. M.

V. Kumar, H. C. Swart, O. M. N. Twaeaborwa, R. E. Kroon, J. J. Terblans, S. K. K. Shaat, A. Yousif, and M. M. Duvenhage, “Origin of the red emisión in zinc oxide nanophosphors,” Mater. Lett. 101, 57–60 (2013).

Efafi, B.

B. Efafi, M. S. Ghamsari, M. A. Aberoumand, M. H. M. Ara, and H. H. Rad, “Highly concentrated ZnO sol with ultra-strong green emission,” Mater. Lett. 111, 78–80 (2013).
[Crossref]

Elizondo, N.

E. De la Rosa, S. Sepúlveda-Guzman, B. Reeja-Jayan, A. Torres, P. Salas, N. Elizondo, and M. Jose Yacaman, “Controlling the growth and luminescence properties of well-Faceted ZnO nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111(24), 8489–8495 (2007).
[Crossref]

Emery, K.

J. You, L. Dou, K. Yoshimura, T. Kato, K. Ohya, T. Moriarty, K. Emery, C. C. Chen, J. Gao, G. Li, and Y. Yang, “A polymer tandem solar cell with 10.6% power conversion efficiency,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1446 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fang, Z.

Z. Fang, Y. Wang, D. Xu, Y. Tan, and X. Liu, “Blue luminescent center in ZnO films deposited on silicon substrates,” Opt. Mater. 26(3), 239–242 (2004).
[Crossref]

Felbier, P.

P. Felbier, J. Yang, J. Theis, R. W. Liptak, A. Wagner, A. Lorke, G. Bacher, and U. Kortshage, “Highly Luminescent ZnO Quantum Dots Made in a Nonthermal Plasma,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(14), 1988–1993 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fu, S. Y.

L. W. Sun, H. Q. Shi, W. N. Li, H. M. Xiao, S. Y. Fu, X. Z. Cao, and Z. X. Li, “Lanthanum-doped ZnO quantum dots with greatly enhanced fluorescent quantum yield,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(17), 8221–8227 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fu, Y. S.

Y. S. Fu, X. W. Du, S. A. Kulinich, J. S. Qiu, W. J. Qin, R. Li, J. Sun, and J. Liu, “Stable Aqueous Dispersion of ZnO Quantum Dots with Strong Blue Emission via Simple Solution route,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(51), 16029–16033 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, J.

J. You, L. Dou, K. Yoshimura, T. Kato, K. Ohya, T. Moriarty, K. Emery, C. C. Chen, J. Gao, G. Li, and Y. Yang, “A polymer tandem solar cell with 10.6% power conversion efficiency,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1446 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ge, W. K.

A. B. Djuriši, Y. H. Leung, K. H. Tam, L. Ding, W. K. Ge, H. Y. Chen, and S. Gwo, “Green, yellow, and orange defect emission from ZnO nanostructures: Influence of excitation wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(10), 103107 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ghamsari, M. S.

B. Efafi, M. S. Ghamsari, M. A. Aberoumand, M. H. M. Ara, and H. H. Rad, “Highly concentrated ZnO sol with ultra-strong green emission,” Mater. Lett. 111, 78–80 (2013).
[Crossref]

Goldeblum, A.

A. Goldeblum, A. Belum-Marian, and V. Teodorescu, “Optical properties of ZnO nanocrystallites embedded in a gold-oxide matrix,” J. of Opt. and Adv. Mat. 8(6), 2129–2132 (2006).

Gopikrishnan, R.

R. Gopikrishnan, K. Zhang, P. Ravichandran, S. Baluchamy, V. Ramesh, V. Biradar, P. Ramesh, J. Pradhan, J. C. Hall, A. K. Pradhan, and G. T. Ramesh, “Synthesis, characterization and biocompatibility Studies of Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods for biomedical application,” Nano-Micro Letters 2(1), 31–36 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gowd, G. S.

M. K. Patra, M. Manoth, V. K. Singh, G. S. Gowd, V. S. Choudhry, S. R. Vadera, and N. Kumar, “Synthesis of stable dispersion of ZnO quantum dots in aqueous medium showing visible emission from bluish green to yellow,” J. Lumin. 129(3), 320–324 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gu, Q. W.

Y. He, J. A. Wang, X. B. Chen, W. F. Zhang, X. Y. Zeng, and Q. W. Gu, “Blue electroluminescence Nanodevice prototype based on vertical ZnOnnanowire/polymer film on silicon substrate,” J. Nanopart. Res. 12(1), 169–176 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gu, Y.

Y. Gu, I. L. Kuskovsky, M. Yin, S. O’Brien, and G. F. Neumark, “Quantum confinement in ZnO nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(17), 3833 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gulia, S.

S. Gulia and R. Kakkar, “ZnO quantum dots for biomedical applications,” Adv. Mat. Lett. 4(12), 876–887 (2013).

Gwo, S.

A. B. Djuriši, Y. H. Leung, K. H. Tam, L. Ding, W. K. Ge, H. Y. Chen, and S. Gwo, “Green, yellow, and orange defect emission from ZnO nanostructures: Influence of excitation wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(10), 103107 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hall, J. C.

R. Gopikrishnan, K. Zhang, P. Ravichandran, S. Baluchamy, V. Ramesh, V. Biradar, P. Ramesh, J. Pradhan, J. C. Hall, A. K. Pradhan, and G. T. Ramesh, “Synthesis, characterization and biocompatibility Studies of Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods for biomedical application,” Nano-Micro Letters 2(1), 31–36 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hamid, M. A. A.

M. A. Bakar, M. A. A. Hamid, and A. Jalar, “Growth behavior of ZnO on Si (100) and platinum coated glass substrate from aqueous solution,” Adv. Mat. Res. 97-101, 1550–1553 (2010).
[Crossref]

He, Y.

Y. He, J. A. Wang, X. B. Chen, W. F. Zhang, X. Y. Zeng, and Q. W. Gu, “Blue electroluminescence Nanodevice prototype based on vertical ZnOnnanowire/polymer film on silicon substrate,” J. Nanopart. Res. 12(1), 169–176 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hsu, J. W. P.

J. W. P. Hsu, D. R. Tallant, R. L. Simpson, N. A. Missert, and R. G. Copeland, “Luminescent properties of solution-grown ZnO nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(25), 252103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Huang, S. H.

C. A. J. Lin, T. Y. Yang, C. H. Lee, S. H. Huang, R. A. Sperling, M. Zanella, J. K. Li, J. L. Shen, H. H. Wang, H. I. Yeh, W. J. Parak, and W. H. Chang, “Synthesis, characterization, and bioconjugation of fluorescent gold nanoclusters toward biological labeling applications,” ACS Nano 3(2), 395–401 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jalar, A.

M. A. Bakar, M. A. A. Hamid, and A. Jalar, “Growth behavior of ZnO on Si (100) and platinum coated glass substrate from aqueous solution,” Adv. Mat. Res. 97-101, 1550–1553 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jose Yacaman, M.

E. De la Rosa, S. Sepúlveda-Guzman, B. Reeja-Jayan, A. Torres, P. Salas, N. Elizondo, and M. Jose Yacaman, “Controlling the growth and luminescence properties of well-Faceted ZnO nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111(24), 8489–8495 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kakkar, R.

S. Gulia and R. Kakkar, “ZnO quantum dots for biomedical applications,” Adv. Mat. Lett. 4(12), 876–887 (2013).

Kalita, G.

Z. Zulkifli, S. Munisamy, M. Z. M. Yusop, G. Kalita, and M. Tanemura, “Fabrication of nanostructured ZnO films for transparent field emission displays,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52(11S), 11NJ07 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kato, T.

J. You, L. Dou, K. Yoshimura, T. Kato, K. Ohya, T. Moriarty, K. Emery, C. C. Chen, J. Gao, G. Li, and Y. Yang, “A polymer tandem solar cell with 10.6% power conversion efficiency,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1446 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kongjia, W.

Z. Longyue, D. Songyuan, X. Weiwei, and W. Kongjia, “Dye-sensitized solar cells based on ZnO films,” Plasma Sci. Technol. 8(2), 172–175 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kortshage, U.

P. Felbier, J. Yang, J. Theis, R. W. Liptak, A. Wagner, A. Lorke, G. Bacher, and U. Kortshage, “Highly Luminescent ZnO Quantum Dots Made in a Nonthermal Plasma,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(14), 1988–1993 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kroon, R. E.

V. Kumar, H. C. Swart, O. M. N. Twaeaborwa, R. E. Kroon, J. J. Terblans, S. K. K. Shaat, A. Yousif, and M. M. Duvenhage, “Origin of the red emisión in zinc oxide nanophosphors,” Mater. Lett. 101, 57–60 (2013).

Kulinich, S. A.

Y. S. Fu, X. W. Du, S. A. Kulinich, J. S. Qiu, W. J. Qin, R. Li, J. Sun, and J. Liu, “Stable Aqueous Dispersion of ZnO Quantum Dots with Strong Blue Emission via Simple Solution route,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(51), 16029–16033 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kumar, M. M.

M. L. Singla, M. Shafeeq, and M. M. Kumar, “Optical characterization of ZnO nanoparticles capped with various surfactants,” J. Lumin. 129(5), 434–438 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kumar, N.

M. K. Patra, M. Manoth, V. K. Singh, G. S. Gowd, V. S. Choudhry, S. R. Vadera, and N. Kumar, “Synthesis of stable dispersion of ZnO quantum dots in aqueous medium showing visible emission from bluish green to yellow,” J. Lumin. 129(3), 320–324 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kumar, V.

V. Kumar, H. C. Swart, O. M. N. Twaeaborwa, R. E. Kroon, J. J. Terblans, S. K. K. Shaat, A. Yousif, and M. M. Duvenhage, “Origin of the red emisión in zinc oxide nanophosphors,” Mater. Lett. 101, 57–60 (2013).

Kuskovsky, I. L.

Y. Gu, I. L. Kuskovsky, M. Yin, S. O’Brien, and G. F. Neumark, “Quantum confinement in ZnO nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(17), 3833 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lee, C. H.

C. A. J. Lin, T. Y. Yang, C. H. Lee, S. H. Huang, R. A. Sperling, M. Zanella, J. K. Li, J. L. Shen, H. H. Wang, H. I. Yeh, W. J. Parak, and W. H. Chang, “Synthesis, characterization, and bioconjugation of fluorescent gold nanoclusters toward biological labeling applications,” ACS Nano 3(2), 395–401 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lei, W.

J. Chen, D. Zhao, C. Li, F. Xu, W. Lei, L. Sun, A. Nathan, and X. W. Sun, “All solution-processed stable white quantum dot light-emitting diodes with hybrid ZnO@TiO₂ as blue emitters,” Sci Rep 4, 4085 (2014).
[PubMed]

Leung, Y. H.

A. B. Djuriši, Y. H. Leung, K. H. Tam, L. Ding, W. K. Ge, H. Y. Chen, and S. Gwo, “Green, yellow, and orange defect emission from ZnO nanostructures: Influence of excitation wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(10), 103107 (2006).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

J. Chen, D. Zhao, C. Li, F. Xu, W. Lei, L. Sun, A. Nathan, and X. W. Sun, “All solution-processed stable white quantum dot light-emitting diodes with hybrid ZnO@TiO₂ as blue emitters,” Sci Rep 4, 4085 (2014).
[PubMed]

Li, G.

J. You, L. Dou, K. Yoshimura, T. Kato, K. Ohya, T. Moriarty, K. Emery, C. C. Chen, J. Gao, G. Li, and Y. Yang, “A polymer tandem solar cell with 10.6% power conversion efficiency,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1446 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Yue, J. Cheng, G. Li, K. Zhang, Y. Zhai, L. Wang, and J. Liu, “Fluorescence property of ZnO nanoparticles and the interaction with bromothymol blue,” J. Fluoresc. 21(3), 1131–1135 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, J. K.

C. A. J. Lin, T. Y. Yang, C. H. Lee, S. H. Huang, R. A. Sperling, M. Zanella, J. K. Li, J. L. Shen, H. H. Wang, H. I. Yeh, W. J. Parak, and W. H. Chang, “Synthesis, characterization, and bioconjugation of fluorescent gold nanoclusters toward biological labeling applications,” ACS Nano 3(2), 395–401 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, R.

Y. S. Fu, X. W. Du, S. A. Kulinich, J. S. Qiu, W. J. Qin, R. Li, J. Sun, and J. Liu, “Stable Aqueous Dispersion of ZnO Quantum Dots with Strong Blue Emission via Simple Solution route,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(51), 16029–16033 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, W. N.

L. W. Sun, H. Q. Shi, W. N. Li, H. M. Xiao, S. Y. Fu, X. Z. Cao, and Z. X. Li, “Lanthanum-doped ZnO quantum dots with greatly enhanced fluorescent quantum yield,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(17), 8221–8227 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

H. Zheng, G. Duan, Y. Li, S. Yang, X. Xu, and W. Cai, “Blue luminescence of ZnO nanoparticles based on non-equilibrium processes: defect origins and emission controls,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(4), 561–572 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, Z. X.

L. W. Sun, H. Q. Shi, W. N. Li, H. M. Xiao, S. Y. Fu, X. Z. Cao, and Z. X. Li, “Lanthanum-doped ZnO quantum dots with greatly enhanced fluorescent quantum yield,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(17), 8221–8227 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liang, H.

Z. Shi, Y. Zhang, J. Zhang, H. Wang, B. Wu, X. Cai, X. Cui, X. Dong, H. Liang, B. Zhang, and G. Du, “High-performance ultraviolet-blue light-emitting diodes based on an n-ZnO nanowall networks/p-GaN heterojunction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(2), 021109 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lin, C. A. J.

C. A. J. Lin, T. Y. Yang, C. H. Lee, S. H. Huang, R. A. Sperling, M. Zanella, J. K. Li, J. L. Shen, H. H. Wang, H. I. Yeh, W. J. Parak, and W. H. Chang, “Synthesis, characterization, and bioconjugation of fluorescent gold nanoclusters toward biological labeling applications,” ACS Nano 3(2), 395–401 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liptak, R. W.

P. Felbier, J. Yang, J. Theis, R. W. Liptak, A. Wagner, A. Lorke, G. Bacher, and U. Kortshage, “Highly Luminescent ZnO Quantum Dots Made in a Nonthermal Plasma,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(14), 1988–1993 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

Q. Yue, J. Cheng, G. Li, K. Zhang, Y. Zhai, L. Wang, and J. Liu, “Fluorescence property of ZnO nanoparticles and the interaction with bromothymol blue,” J. Fluoresc. 21(3), 1131–1135 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. S. Fu, X. W. Du, S. A. Kulinich, J. S. Qiu, W. J. Qin, R. Li, J. Sun, and J. Liu, “Stable Aqueous Dispersion of ZnO Quantum Dots with Strong Blue Emission via Simple Solution route,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(51), 16029–16033 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, W.

A. Pang, C. Chen, L. Chen, W. Liu, and M. Wei, “Flexible dye-sensitized ZnO quantum dots solar cells,” RSC Advances 2(25), 9565–9570 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

Z. Fang, Y. Wang, D. Xu, Y. Tan, and X. Liu, “Blue luminescent center in ZnO films deposited on silicon substrates,” Opt. Mater. 26(3), 239–242 (2004).
[Crossref]

Longyue, Z.

Z. Longyue, D. Songyuan, X. Weiwei, and W. Kongjia, “Dye-sensitized solar cells based on ZnO films,” Plasma Sci. Technol. 8(2), 172–175 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lorke, A.

P. Felbier, J. Yang, J. Theis, R. W. Liptak, A. Wagner, A. Lorke, G. Bacher, and U. Kortshage, “Highly Luminescent ZnO Quantum Dots Made in a Nonthermal Plasma,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(14), 1988–1993 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lv, X.

B. Tang, B. Zhou, J. Zhao, X. Lv, F. Sun, and Z. Wang, “Synthesis of morphological ZnO particles by a facile solution-based chemical method,” Colloids Surf. A Physicochem. Eng. Asp. 332(1), 43–49 (2009).
[Crossref]

Manoth, M.

M. K. Patra, M. Manoth, V. K. Singh, G. S. Gowd, V. S. Choudhry, S. R. Vadera, and N. Kumar, “Synthesis of stable dispersion of ZnO quantum dots in aqueous medium showing visible emission from bluish green to yellow,” J. Lumin. 129(3), 320–324 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mishraa, S. K.

S. K. Mishraa, S. Bayana, R. Shankar, P. Chakraborty, and R. K. Srivastava, “Efficient UV photosensitive and photoluminescence properties of sol–gel derived Sn doped ZnO nanostructures,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 211, 8–14 (2014).
[Crossref]

Missert, N. A.

J. W. P. Hsu, D. R. Tallant, R. L. Simpson, N. A. Missert, and R. G. Copeland, “Luminescent properties of solution-grown ZnO nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(25), 252103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Moriarty, T.

J. You, L. Dou, K. Yoshimura, T. Kato, K. Ohya, T. Moriarty, K. Emery, C. C. Chen, J. Gao, G. Li, and Y. Yang, “A polymer tandem solar cell with 10.6% power conversion efficiency,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1446 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Z. Zulkifli, S. Munisamy, M. Z. M. Yusop, G. Kalita, and M. Tanemura, “Fabrication of nanostructured ZnO films for transparent field emission displays,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52(11S), 11NJ07 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nakamura, A.

Nathan, A.

J. Chen, D. Zhao, C. Li, F. Xu, W. Lei, L. Sun, A. Nathan, and X. W. Sun, “All solution-processed stable white quantum dot light-emitting diodes with hybrid ZnO@TiO₂ as blue emitters,” Sci Rep 4, 4085 (2014).
[PubMed]

Neumark, G. F.

Y. Gu, I. L. Kuskovsky, M. Yin, S. O’Brien, and G. F. Neumark, “Quantum confinement in ZnO nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(17), 3833 (2004).
[Crossref]

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Y. Gu, I. L. Kuskovsky, M. Yin, S. O’Brien, and G. F. Neumark, “Quantum confinement in ZnO nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(17), 3833 (2004).
[Crossref]

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J. You, L. Dou, K. Yoshimura, T. Kato, K. Ohya, T. Moriarty, K. Emery, C. C. Chen, J. Gao, G. Li, and Y. Yang, “A polymer tandem solar cell with 10.6% power conversion efficiency,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1446 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pang, A.

A. Pang, C. Chen, L. Chen, W. Liu, and M. Wei, “Flexible dye-sensitized ZnO quantum dots solar cells,” RSC Advances 2(25), 9565–9570 (2012).
[Crossref]

Parak, W. J.

C. A. J. Lin, T. Y. Yang, C. H. Lee, S. H. Huang, R. A. Sperling, M. Zanella, J. K. Li, J. L. Shen, H. H. Wang, H. I. Yeh, W. J. Parak, and W. H. Chang, “Synthesis, characterization, and bioconjugation of fluorescent gold nanoclusters toward biological labeling applications,” ACS Nano 3(2), 395–401 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Patra, M. K.

M. K. Patra, M. Manoth, V. K. Singh, G. S. Gowd, V. S. Choudhry, S. R. Vadera, and N. Kumar, “Synthesis of stable dispersion of ZnO quantum dots in aqueous medium showing visible emission from bluish green to yellow,” J. Lumin. 129(3), 320–324 (2009).
[Crossref]

Peng, S.

S. Peng, G. Wu, W. Song, and Q. Wang, “Application of flower-like ZnO nanorods gas sensor detecting SF6 decomposition products,” J. Nanomater. 2013, 135147 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pham, D. V.

D. Weber, S. Botnaraş, D. V. Pham, J. Steigerb, and L. De Colac, “Functionalized ZnO nanoparticles for thin-film transistors: support of ligand removal by non-thermal methods,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(18), 3098–3103 (2013).
[Crossref]

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R. Gopikrishnan, K. Zhang, P. Ravichandran, S. Baluchamy, V. Ramesh, V. Biradar, P. Ramesh, J. Pradhan, J. C. Hall, A. K. Pradhan, and G. T. Ramesh, “Synthesis, characterization and biocompatibility Studies of Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods for biomedical application,” Nano-Micro Letters 2(1), 31–36 (2010).
[Crossref]

Pradhan, J.

R. Gopikrishnan, K. Zhang, P. Ravichandran, S. Baluchamy, V. Ramesh, V. Biradar, P. Ramesh, J. Pradhan, J. C. Hall, A. K. Pradhan, and G. T. Ramesh, “Synthesis, characterization and biocompatibility Studies of Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods for biomedical application,” Nano-Micro Letters 2(1), 31–36 (2010).
[Crossref]

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Z. W. Donga, C. F. Zhang, H. Deng, G. J. You, and S. X. Qian, “Raman spectra of single micrometer-sized tubular ZnO,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 99(1), 160–163 (2006).
[Crossref]

Qin, W. J.

Y. S. Fu, X. W. Du, S. A. Kulinich, J. S. Qiu, W. J. Qin, R. Li, J. Sun, and J. Liu, “Stable Aqueous Dispersion of ZnO Quantum Dots with Strong Blue Emission via Simple Solution route,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(51), 16029–16033 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qiu, J. S.

Y. S. Fu, X. W. Du, S. A. Kulinich, J. S. Qiu, W. J. Qin, R. Li, J. Sun, and J. Liu, “Stable Aqueous Dispersion of ZnO Quantum Dots with Strong Blue Emission via Simple Solution route,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(51), 16029–16033 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rad, H. H.

B. Efafi, M. S. Ghamsari, M. A. Aberoumand, M. H. M. Ara, and H. H. Rad, “Highly concentrated ZnO sol with ultra-strong green emission,” Mater. Lett. 111, 78–80 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ramesh, G. T.

R. Gopikrishnan, K. Zhang, P. Ravichandran, S. Baluchamy, V. Ramesh, V. Biradar, P. Ramesh, J. Pradhan, J. C. Hall, A. K. Pradhan, and G. T. Ramesh, “Synthesis, characterization and biocompatibility Studies of Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods for biomedical application,” Nano-Micro Letters 2(1), 31–36 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ramesh, P.

R. Gopikrishnan, K. Zhang, P. Ravichandran, S. Baluchamy, V. Ramesh, V. Biradar, P. Ramesh, J. Pradhan, J. C. Hall, A. K. Pradhan, and G. T. Ramesh, “Synthesis, characterization and biocompatibility Studies of Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods for biomedical application,” Nano-Micro Letters 2(1), 31–36 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ramesh, V.

R. Gopikrishnan, K. Zhang, P. Ravichandran, S. Baluchamy, V. Ramesh, V. Biradar, P. Ramesh, J. Pradhan, J. C. Hall, A. K. Pradhan, and G. T. Ramesh, “Synthesis, characterization and biocompatibility Studies of Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods for biomedical application,” Nano-Micro Letters 2(1), 31–36 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ravichandran, P.

R. Gopikrishnan, K. Zhang, P. Ravichandran, S. Baluchamy, V. Ramesh, V. Biradar, P. Ramesh, J. Pradhan, J. C. Hall, A. K. Pradhan, and G. T. Ramesh, “Synthesis, characterization and biocompatibility Studies of Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods for biomedical application,” Nano-Micro Letters 2(1), 31–36 (2010).
[Crossref]

Razeghi, M.

D. J. Rogers, F. H. Teherani, V. E. Sandana, and M. Razeghi, “ZnO thin films and nanostructures for emerging optoelectronic applications,” Proc. SPIE 7605, 76050K(2010).
[Crossref]

Reeja-Jayan, B.

E. De la Rosa, S. Sepúlveda-Guzman, B. Reeja-Jayan, A. Torres, P. Salas, N. Elizondo, and M. Jose Yacaman, “Controlling the growth and luminescence properties of well-Faceted ZnO nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111(24), 8489–8495 (2007).
[Crossref]

Rogers, D. J.

D. J. Rogers, F. H. Teherani, V. E. Sandana, and M. Razeghi, “ZnO thin films and nanostructures for emerging optoelectronic applications,” Proc. SPIE 7605, 76050K(2010).
[Crossref]

Salas, P.

E. De la Rosa, S. Sepúlveda-Guzman, B. Reeja-Jayan, A. Torres, P. Salas, N. Elizondo, and M. Jose Yacaman, “Controlling the growth and luminescence properties of well-Faceted ZnO nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111(24), 8489–8495 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sandana, V. E.

D. J. Rogers, F. H. Teherani, V. E. Sandana, and M. Razeghi, “ZnO thin films and nanostructures for emerging optoelectronic applications,” Proc. SPIE 7605, 76050K(2010).
[Crossref]

Sepúlveda-Guzman, S.

E. De la Rosa, S. Sepúlveda-Guzman, B. Reeja-Jayan, A. Torres, P. Salas, N. Elizondo, and M. Jose Yacaman, “Controlling the growth and luminescence properties of well-Faceted ZnO nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111(24), 8489–8495 (2007).
[Crossref]

Shaat, S. K. K.

V. Kumar, H. C. Swart, O. M. N. Twaeaborwa, R. E. Kroon, J. J. Terblans, S. K. K. Shaat, A. Yousif, and M. M. Duvenhage, “Origin of the red emisión in zinc oxide nanophosphors,” Mater. Lett. 101, 57–60 (2013).

Shafeeq, M.

M. L. Singla, M. Shafeeq, and M. M. Kumar, “Optical characterization of ZnO nanoparticles capped with various surfactants,” J. Lumin. 129(5), 434–438 (2009).
[Crossref]

Shankar, R.

S. K. Mishraa, S. Bayana, R. Shankar, P. Chakraborty, and R. K. Srivastava, “Efficient UV photosensitive and photoluminescence properties of sol–gel derived Sn doped ZnO nanostructures,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 211, 8–14 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shen, J. L.

C. A. J. Lin, T. Y. Yang, C. H. Lee, S. H. Huang, R. A. Sperling, M. Zanella, J. K. Li, J. L. Shen, H. H. Wang, H. I. Yeh, W. J. Parak, and W. H. Chang, “Synthesis, characterization, and bioconjugation of fluorescent gold nanoclusters toward biological labeling applications,” ACS Nano 3(2), 395–401 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shi, H. Q.

L. W. Sun, H. Q. Shi, W. N. Li, H. M. Xiao, S. Y. Fu, X. Z. Cao, and Z. X. Li, “Lanthanum-doped ZnO quantum dots with greatly enhanced fluorescent quantum yield,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(17), 8221–8227 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shi, Z.

Z. Shi, Y. Zhang, J. Zhang, H. Wang, B. Wu, X. Cai, X. Cui, X. Dong, H. Liang, B. Zhang, and G. Du, “High-performance ultraviolet-blue light-emitting diodes based on an n-ZnO nanowall networks/p-GaN heterojunction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(2), 021109 (2013).
[Crossref]

Simpson, R. L.

J. W. P. Hsu, D. R. Tallant, R. L. Simpson, N. A. Missert, and R. G. Copeland, “Luminescent properties of solution-grown ZnO nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(25), 252103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Singh, V. K.

M. K. Patra, M. Manoth, V. K. Singh, G. S. Gowd, V. S. Choudhry, S. R. Vadera, and N. Kumar, “Synthesis of stable dispersion of ZnO quantum dots in aqueous medium showing visible emission from bluish green to yellow,” J. Lumin. 129(3), 320–324 (2009).
[Crossref]

Singla, M. L.

M. L. Singla, M. Shafeeq, and M. M. Kumar, “Optical characterization of ZnO nanoparticles capped with various surfactants,” J. Lumin. 129(5), 434–438 (2009).
[Crossref]

Song, W.

S. Peng, G. Wu, W. Song, and Q. Wang, “Application of flower-like ZnO nanorods gas sensor detecting SF6 decomposition products,” J. Nanomater. 2013, 135147 (2013).
[Crossref]

Songyuan, D.

Z. Longyue, D. Songyuan, X. Weiwei, and W. Kongjia, “Dye-sensitized solar cells based on ZnO films,” Plasma Sci. Technol. 8(2), 172–175 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sperling, R. A.

C. A. J. Lin, T. Y. Yang, C. H. Lee, S. H. Huang, R. A. Sperling, M. Zanella, J. K. Li, J. L. Shen, H. H. Wang, H. I. Yeh, W. J. Parak, and W. H. Chang, “Synthesis, characterization, and bioconjugation of fluorescent gold nanoclusters toward biological labeling applications,” ACS Nano 3(2), 395–401 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Srinivasan, R.

R. Yogamalar, R. Srinivasan, and A. C. Bose, “Multi-capping agents in size confinement of ZnO nanostructured particles,” Opt. Mater. 31(11), 1570–1574 (2009).
[Crossref]

Srivastava, R. K.

S. K. Mishraa, S. Bayana, R. Shankar, P. Chakraborty, and R. K. Srivastava, “Efficient UV photosensitive and photoluminescence properties of sol–gel derived Sn doped ZnO nanostructures,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 211, 8–14 (2014).
[Crossref]

Steigerb, J.

D. Weber, S. Botnaraş, D. V. Pham, J. Steigerb, and L. De Colac, “Functionalized ZnO nanoparticles for thin-film transistors: support of ligand removal by non-thermal methods,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(18), 3098–3103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sun, F.

B. Tang, B. Zhou, J. Zhao, X. Lv, F. Sun, and Z. Wang, “Synthesis of morphological ZnO particles by a facile solution-based chemical method,” Colloids Surf. A Physicochem. Eng. Asp. 332(1), 43–49 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sun, J.

Y. S. Fu, X. W. Du, S. A. Kulinich, J. S. Qiu, W. J. Qin, R. Li, J. Sun, and J. Liu, “Stable Aqueous Dispersion of ZnO Quantum Dots with Strong Blue Emission via Simple Solution route,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(51), 16029–16033 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, L.

J. Chen, D. Zhao, C. Li, F. Xu, W. Lei, L. Sun, A. Nathan, and X. W. Sun, “All solution-processed stable white quantum dot light-emitting diodes with hybrid ZnO@TiO₂ as blue emitters,” Sci Rep 4, 4085 (2014).
[PubMed]

Sun, L. W.

L. W. Sun, H. Q. Shi, W. N. Li, H. M. Xiao, S. Y. Fu, X. Z. Cao, and Z. X. Li, “Lanthanum-doped ZnO quantum dots with greatly enhanced fluorescent quantum yield,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(17), 8221–8227 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sun, X. W.

J. Chen, D. Zhao, C. Li, F. Xu, W. Lei, L. Sun, A. Nathan, and X. W. Sun, “All solution-processed stable white quantum dot light-emitting diodes with hybrid ZnO@TiO₂ as blue emitters,” Sci Rep 4, 4085 (2014).
[PubMed]

Y. Yang, X. W. Sun, B. K. Tay, P. H. T. Cao, J. X. Wang, and X. H. Zhang, “Revealing the surface origin of green band emission from ZnO nanostructures by plasma immersion ion implantation induced quenching,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(6), 064307 (2008).

Suwanboon, S.

K. Thongsuriwong, P. Amornpitoksuk, and S. Suwanboon, “The effect of aminoalcohols (MEA, DEA and TEA) on morphological control of nanocrystalline ZnO powders and its optical properties,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 71(5), 730–734 (2010).
[Crossref]

Swart, H. C.

V. Kumar, H. C. Swart, O. M. N. Twaeaborwa, R. E. Kroon, J. J. Terblans, S. K. K. Shaat, A. Yousif, and M. M. Duvenhage, “Origin of the red emisión in zinc oxide nanophosphors,” Mater. Lett. 101, 57–60 (2013).

Tallant, D. R.

J. W. P. Hsu, D. R. Tallant, R. L. Simpson, N. A. Missert, and R. G. Copeland, “Luminescent properties of solution-grown ZnO nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(25), 252103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tam, K. H.

A. B. Djuriši, Y. H. Leung, K. H. Tam, L. Ding, W. K. Ge, H. Y. Chen, and S. Gwo, “Green, yellow, and orange defect emission from ZnO nanostructures: Influence of excitation wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(10), 103107 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tan, Y.

Z. Fang, Y. Wang, D. Xu, Y. Tan, and X. Liu, “Blue luminescent center in ZnO films deposited on silicon substrates,” Opt. Mater. 26(3), 239–242 (2004).
[Crossref]

Tanemura, M.

Z. Zulkifli, S. Munisamy, M. Z. M. Yusop, G. Kalita, and M. Tanemura, “Fabrication of nanostructured ZnO films for transparent field emission displays,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52(11S), 11NJ07 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tang, B.

B. Tang, B. Zhou, J. Zhao, X. Lv, F. Sun, and Z. Wang, “Synthesis of morphological ZnO particles by a facile solution-based chemical method,” Colloids Surf. A Physicochem. Eng. Asp. 332(1), 43–49 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tang, X.

Z. Zang and X. Tang, “Enhanced fluorescence imaging performance of hydrophobic colloidal ZnO nanoparticles by a facile method,” J. Alloys Compd. 619, 98–101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tay, B. K.

Y. Yang, X. W. Sun, B. K. Tay, P. H. T. Cao, J. X. Wang, and X. H. Zhang, “Revealing the surface origin of green band emission from ZnO nanostructures by plasma immersion ion implantation induced quenching,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(6), 064307 (2008).

Teherani, F. H.

D. J. Rogers, F. H. Teherani, V. E. Sandana, and M. Razeghi, “ZnO thin films and nanostructures for emerging optoelectronic applications,” Proc. SPIE 7605, 76050K(2010).
[Crossref]

Temmyo, J.

Tendeloo, G. V.

G. H. Du, F. Xu, Z. Y. Yuan, and G. V. Tendeloo, “Flowerlike ZnO nanocones and nanowires: preparation, structure, and luminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(24), 243101 (2006).
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Teodorescu, V.

A. Goldeblum, A. Belum-Marian, and V. Teodorescu, “Optical properties of ZnO nanocrystallites embedded in a gold-oxide matrix,” J. of Opt. and Adv. Mat. 8(6), 2129–2132 (2006).

Terblans, J. J.

V. Kumar, H. C. Swart, O. M. N. Twaeaborwa, R. E. Kroon, J. J. Terblans, S. K. K. Shaat, A. Yousif, and M. M. Duvenhage, “Origin of the red emisión in zinc oxide nanophosphors,” Mater. Lett. 101, 57–60 (2013).

Theis, J.

P. Felbier, J. Yang, J. Theis, R. W. Liptak, A. Wagner, A. Lorke, G. Bacher, and U. Kortshage, “Highly Luminescent ZnO Quantum Dots Made in a Nonthermal Plasma,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(14), 1988–1993 (2014).
[Crossref]

Thongsuriwong, K.

K. Thongsuriwong, P. Amornpitoksuk, and S. Suwanboon, “The effect of aminoalcohols (MEA, DEA and TEA) on morphological control of nanocrystalline ZnO powders and its optical properties,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 71(5), 730–734 (2010).
[Crossref]

Torres, A.

E. De la Rosa, S. Sepúlveda-Guzman, B. Reeja-Jayan, A. Torres, P. Salas, N. Elizondo, and M. Jose Yacaman, “Controlling the growth and luminescence properties of well-Faceted ZnO nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111(24), 8489–8495 (2007).
[Crossref]

Twaeaborwa, O. M. N.

V. Kumar, H. C. Swart, O. M. N. Twaeaborwa, R. E. Kroon, J. J. Terblans, S. K. K. Shaat, A. Yousif, and M. M. Duvenhage, “Origin of the red emisión in zinc oxide nanophosphors,” Mater. Lett. 101, 57–60 (2013).

Vadera, S. R.

M. K. Patra, M. Manoth, V. K. Singh, G. S. Gowd, V. S. Choudhry, S. R. Vadera, and N. Kumar, “Synthesis of stable dispersion of ZnO quantum dots in aqueous medium showing visible emission from bluish green to yellow,” J. Lumin. 129(3), 320–324 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wagner, A.

P. Felbier, J. Yang, J. Theis, R. W. Liptak, A. Wagner, A. Lorke, G. Bacher, and U. Kortshage, “Highly Luminescent ZnO Quantum Dots Made in a Nonthermal Plasma,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(14), 1988–1993 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

Z. Shi, Y. Zhang, J. Zhang, H. Wang, B. Wu, X. Cai, X. Cui, X. Dong, H. Liang, B. Zhang, and G. Du, “High-performance ultraviolet-blue light-emitting diodes based on an n-ZnO nanowall networks/p-GaN heterojunction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(2), 021109 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, H. H.

C. A. J. Lin, T. Y. Yang, C. H. Lee, S. H. Huang, R. A. Sperling, M. Zanella, J. K. Li, J. L. Shen, H. H. Wang, H. I. Yeh, W. J. Parak, and W. H. Chang, “Synthesis, characterization, and bioconjugation of fluorescent gold nanoclusters toward biological labeling applications,” ACS Nano 3(2), 395–401 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, J. A.

Y. He, J. A. Wang, X. B. Chen, W. F. Zhang, X. Y. Zeng, and Q. W. Gu, “Blue electroluminescence Nanodevice prototype based on vertical ZnOnnanowire/polymer film on silicon substrate,” J. Nanopart. Res. 12(1), 169–176 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, J. X.

Y. Yang, X. W. Sun, B. K. Tay, P. H. T. Cao, J. X. Wang, and X. H. Zhang, “Revealing the surface origin of green band emission from ZnO nanostructures by plasma immersion ion implantation induced quenching,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(6), 064307 (2008).

Wang, L.

Q. Yue, J. Cheng, G. Li, K. Zhang, Y. Zhai, L. Wang, and J. Liu, “Fluorescence property of ZnO nanoparticles and the interaction with bromothymol blue,” J. Fluoresc. 21(3), 1131–1135 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Q.

S. Peng, G. Wu, W. Song, and Q. Wang, “Application of flower-like ZnO nanorods gas sensor detecting SF6 decomposition products,” J. Nanomater. 2013, 135147 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q. P.

D. H. Zhang, Z. Y. Xue, and Q. P. Wang, “The mechanisms of blue emission from ZnO films deposited on glass substrate by r.f. magnetron sputtering,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 35(21), 2837–2840 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Z. Fang, Y. Wang, D. Xu, Y. Tan, and X. Liu, “Blue luminescent center in ZnO films deposited on silicon substrates,” Opt. Mater. 26(3), 239–242 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

B. Tang, B. Zhou, J. Zhao, X. Lv, F. Sun, and Z. Wang, “Synthesis of morphological ZnO particles by a facile solution-based chemical method,” Colloids Surf. A Physicochem. Eng. Asp. 332(1), 43–49 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z. D.

H. M. Xiong, Z. D. Wang, and Y. Y. Xia, “Polymerization initiated by inherent free radicals on nanoparticle surfaces: a simple method of obtaining ultrastable (ZnO)polymer core–shell nanoparticles with strong blue fluorescence,” Adv. Mater. 18(6), 748–751 (2006).
[Crossref]

Weber, D.

D. Weber, S. Botnaraş, D. V. Pham, J. Steigerb, and L. De Colac, “Functionalized ZnO nanoparticles for thin-film transistors: support of ligand removal by non-thermal methods,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(18), 3098–3103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wei, M.

A. Pang, C. Chen, L. Chen, W. Liu, and M. Wei, “Flexible dye-sensitized ZnO quantum dots solar cells,” RSC Advances 2(25), 9565–9570 (2012).
[Crossref]

Weiwei, X.

Z. Longyue, D. Songyuan, X. Weiwei, and W. Kongjia, “Dye-sensitized solar cells based on ZnO films,” Plasma Sci. Technol. 8(2), 172–175 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wu, B.

Z. Shi, Y. Zhang, J. Zhang, H. Wang, B. Wu, X. Cai, X. Cui, X. Dong, H. Liang, B. Zhang, and G. Du, “High-performance ultraviolet-blue light-emitting diodes based on an n-ZnO nanowall networks/p-GaN heterojunction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(2), 021109 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wu, G.

S. Peng, G. Wu, W. Song, and Q. Wang, “Application of flower-like ZnO nanorods gas sensor detecting SF6 decomposition products,” J. Nanomater. 2013, 135147 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xia, Y. Y.

H. M. Xiong, Z. D. Wang, and Y. Y. Xia, “Polymerization initiated by inherent free radicals on nanoparticle surfaces: a simple method of obtaining ultrastable (ZnO)polymer core–shell nanoparticles with strong blue fluorescence,” Adv. Mater. 18(6), 748–751 (2006).
[Crossref]

Xiao, H. M.

L. W. Sun, H. Q. Shi, W. N. Li, H. M. Xiao, S. Y. Fu, X. Z. Cao, and Z. X. Li, “Lanthanum-doped ZnO quantum dots with greatly enhanced fluorescent quantum yield,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(17), 8221–8227 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xiong, H. M.

H. M. Xiong, Z. D. Wang, and Y. Y. Xia, “Polymerization initiated by inherent free radicals on nanoparticle surfaces: a simple method of obtaining ultrastable (ZnO)polymer core–shell nanoparticles with strong blue fluorescence,” Adv. Mater. 18(6), 748–751 (2006).
[Crossref]

Xu, D.

Z. Fang, Y. Wang, D. Xu, Y. Tan, and X. Liu, “Blue luminescent center in ZnO films deposited on silicon substrates,” Opt. Mater. 26(3), 239–242 (2004).
[Crossref]

Xu, F.

J. Chen, D. Zhao, C. Li, F. Xu, W. Lei, L. Sun, A. Nathan, and X. W. Sun, “All solution-processed stable white quantum dot light-emitting diodes with hybrid ZnO@TiO₂ as blue emitters,” Sci Rep 4, 4085 (2014).
[PubMed]

G. H. Du, F. Xu, Z. Y. Yuan, and G. V. Tendeloo, “Flowerlike ZnO nanocones and nanowires: preparation, structure, and luminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(24), 243101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Xu, X.

H. Zheng, G. Duan, Y. Li, S. Yang, X. Xu, and W. Cai, “Blue luminescence of ZnO nanoparticles based on non-equilibrium processes: defect origins and emission controls,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(4), 561–572 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xue, Z. Y.

D. H. Zhang, Z. Y. Xue, and Q. P. Wang, “The mechanisms of blue emission from ZnO films deposited on glass substrate by r.f. magnetron sputtering,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 35(21), 2837–2840 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.

P. Felbier, J. Yang, J. Theis, R. W. Liptak, A. Wagner, A. Lorke, G. Bacher, and U. Kortshage, “Highly Luminescent ZnO Quantum Dots Made in a Nonthermal Plasma,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(14), 1988–1993 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, S.

H. Zheng, G. Duan, Y. Li, S. Yang, X. Xu, and W. Cai, “Blue luminescence of ZnO nanoparticles based on non-equilibrium processes: defect origins and emission controls,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(4), 561–572 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yang, T. Y.

C. A. J. Lin, T. Y. Yang, C. H. Lee, S. H. Huang, R. A. Sperling, M. Zanella, J. K. Li, J. L. Shen, H. H. Wang, H. I. Yeh, W. J. Parak, and W. H. Chang, “Synthesis, characterization, and bioconjugation of fluorescent gold nanoclusters toward biological labeling applications,” ACS Nano 3(2), 395–401 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Y.

J. You, L. Dou, K. Yoshimura, T. Kato, K. Ohya, T. Moriarty, K. Emery, C. C. Chen, J. Gao, G. Li, and Y. Yang, “A polymer tandem solar cell with 10.6% power conversion efficiency,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1446 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Yang, X. W. Sun, B. K. Tay, P. H. T. Cao, J. X. Wang, and X. H. Zhang, “Revealing the surface origin of green band emission from ZnO nanostructures by plasma immersion ion implantation induced quenching,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(6), 064307 (2008).

Yeh, H. I.

C. A. J. Lin, T. Y. Yang, C. H. Lee, S. H. Huang, R. A. Sperling, M. Zanella, J. K. Li, J. L. Shen, H. H. Wang, H. I. Yeh, W. J. Parak, and W. H. Chang, “Synthesis, characterization, and bioconjugation of fluorescent gold nanoclusters toward biological labeling applications,” ACS Nano 3(2), 395–401 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yin, M.

Y. Gu, I. L. Kuskovsky, M. Yin, S. O’Brien, and G. F. Neumark, “Quantum confinement in ZnO nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(17), 3833 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yogamalar, R.

R. Yogamalar, R. Srinivasan, and A. C. Bose, “Multi-capping agents in size confinement of ZnO nanostructured particles,” Opt. Mater. 31(11), 1570–1574 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yoshimura, K.

J. You, L. Dou, K. Yoshimura, T. Kato, K. Ohya, T. Moriarty, K. Emery, C. C. Chen, J. Gao, G. Li, and Y. Yang, “A polymer tandem solar cell with 10.6% power conversion efficiency,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1446 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

You, G. J.

Z. W. Donga, C. F. Zhang, H. Deng, G. J. You, and S. X. Qian, “Raman spectra of single micrometer-sized tubular ZnO,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 99(1), 160–163 (2006).
[Crossref]

You, J.

J. You, L. Dou, K. Yoshimura, T. Kato, K. Ohya, T. Moriarty, K. Emery, C. C. Chen, J. Gao, G. Li, and Y. Yang, “A polymer tandem solar cell with 10.6% power conversion efficiency,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1446 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yousif, A.

V. Kumar, H. C. Swart, O. M. N. Twaeaborwa, R. E. Kroon, J. J. Terblans, S. K. K. Shaat, A. Yousif, and M. M. Duvenhage, “Origin of the red emisión in zinc oxide nanophosphors,” Mater. Lett. 101, 57–60 (2013).

Yuan, Z. Y.

G. H. Du, F. Xu, Z. Y. Yuan, and G. V. Tendeloo, “Flowerlike ZnO nanocones and nanowires: preparation, structure, and luminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(24), 243101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yue, Q.

Q. Yue, J. Cheng, G. Li, K. Zhang, Y. Zhai, L. Wang, and J. Liu, “Fluorescence property of ZnO nanoparticles and the interaction with bromothymol blue,” J. Fluoresc. 21(3), 1131–1135 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yusop, M. Z. M.

Z. Zulkifli, S. Munisamy, M. Z. M. Yusop, G. Kalita, and M. Tanemura, “Fabrication of nanostructured ZnO films for transparent field emission displays,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52(11S), 11NJ07 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zanella, M.

C. A. J. Lin, T. Y. Yang, C. H. Lee, S. H. Huang, R. A. Sperling, M. Zanella, J. K. Li, J. L. Shen, H. H. Wang, H. I. Yeh, W. J. Parak, and W. H. Chang, “Synthesis, characterization, and bioconjugation of fluorescent gold nanoclusters toward biological labeling applications,” ACS Nano 3(2), 395–401 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zang, Z.

Z. Zang and X. Tang, “Enhanced fluorescence imaging performance of hydrophobic colloidal ZnO nanoparticles by a facile method,” J. Alloys Compd. 619, 98–101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Zang, A. Nakamura, and J. Temmyo, “Single cuprous oxide films synthesized by radical oxidation at low temperature for PV application,” Opt. Express 21(9), 11448–11456 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zeng, X. Y.

Y. He, J. A. Wang, X. B. Chen, W. F. Zhang, X. Y. Zeng, and Q. W. Gu, “Blue electroluminescence Nanodevice prototype based on vertical ZnOnnanowire/polymer film on silicon substrate,” J. Nanopart. Res. 12(1), 169–176 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhai, Y.

Q. Yue, J. Cheng, G. Li, K. Zhang, Y. Zhai, L. Wang, and J. Liu, “Fluorescence property of ZnO nanoparticles and the interaction with bromothymol blue,” J. Fluoresc. 21(3), 1131–1135 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, B.

Z. Shi, Y. Zhang, J. Zhang, H. Wang, B. Wu, X. Cai, X. Cui, X. Dong, H. Liang, B. Zhang, and G. Du, “High-performance ultraviolet-blue light-emitting diodes based on an n-ZnO nanowall networks/p-GaN heterojunction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(2), 021109 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C. F.

Z. W. Donga, C. F. Zhang, H. Deng, G. J. You, and S. X. Qian, “Raman spectra of single micrometer-sized tubular ZnO,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 99(1), 160–163 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhang, D. H.

D. H. Zhang, Z. Y. Xue, and Q. P. Wang, “The mechanisms of blue emission from ZnO films deposited on glass substrate by r.f. magnetron sputtering,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 35(21), 2837–2840 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

Z. Shi, Y. Zhang, J. Zhang, H. Wang, B. Wu, X. Cai, X. Cui, X. Dong, H. Liang, B. Zhang, and G. Du, “High-performance ultraviolet-blue light-emitting diodes based on an n-ZnO nanowall networks/p-GaN heterojunction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(2), 021109 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, K.

Q. Yue, J. Cheng, G. Li, K. Zhang, Y. Zhai, L. Wang, and J. Liu, “Fluorescence property of ZnO nanoparticles and the interaction with bromothymol blue,” J. Fluoresc. 21(3), 1131–1135 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Gopikrishnan, K. Zhang, P. Ravichandran, S. Baluchamy, V. Ramesh, V. Biradar, P. Ramesh, J. Pradhan, J. C. Hall, A. K. Pradhan, and G. T. Ramesh, “Synthesis, characterization and biocompatibility Studies of Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods for biomedical application,” Nano-Micro Letters 2(1), 31–36 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W. F.

Y. He, J. A. Wang, X. B. Chen, W. F. Zhang, X. Y. Zeng, and Q. W. Gu, “Blue electroluminescence Nanodevice prototype based on vertical ZnOnnanowire/polymer film on silicon substrate,” J. Nanopart. Res. 12(1), 169–176 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X. H.

Y. Yang, X. W. Sun, B. K. Tay, P. H. T. Cao, J. X. Wang, and X. H. Zhang, “Revealing the surface origin of green band emission from ZnO nanostructures by plasma immersion ion implantation induced quenching,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(6), 064307 (2008).

Zhang, Y.

Z. Shi, Y. Zhang, J. Zhang, H. Wang, B. Wu, X. Cai, X. Cui, X. Dong, H. Liang, B. Zhang, and G. Du, “High-performance ultraviolet-blue light-emitting diodes based on an n-ZnO nanowall networks/p-GaN heterojunction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(2), 021109 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhao, D.

J. Chen, D. Zhao, C. Li, F. Xu, W. Lei, L. Sun, A. Nathan, and X. W. Sun, “All solution-processed stable white quantum dot light-emitting diodes with hybrid ZnO@TiO₂ as blue emitters,” Sci Rep 4, 4085 (2014).
[PubMed]

Zhao, J.

B. Tang, B. Zhou, J. Zhao, X. Lv, F. Sun, and Z. Wang, “Synthesis of morphological ZnO particles by a facile solution-based chemical method,” Colloids Surf. A Physicochem. Eng. Asp. 332(1), 43–49 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zheng, H.

H. Zheng, G. Duan, Y. Li, S. Yang, X. Xu, and W. Cai, “Blue luminescence of ZnO nanoparticles based on non-equilibrium processes: defect origins and emission controls,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(4), 561–572 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhou, B.

B. Tang, B. Zhou, J. Zhao, X. Lv, F. Sun, and Z. Wang, “Synthesis of morphological ZnO particles by a facile solution-based chemical method,” Colloids Surf. A Physicochem. Eng. Asp. 332(1), 43–49 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zulkifli, Z.

Z. Zulkifli, S. Munisamy, M. Z. M. Yusop, G. Kalita, and M. Tanemura, “Fabrication of nanostructured ZnO films for transparent field emission displays,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52(11S), 11NJ07 (2013).
[Crossref]

ACS Nano (1)

C. A. J. Lin, T. Y. Yang, C. H. Lee, S. H. Huang, R. A. Sperling, M. Zanella, J. K. Li, J. L. Shen, H. H. Wang, H. I. Yeh, W. J. Parak, and W. H. Chang, “Synthesis, characterization, and bioconjugation of fluorescent gold nanoclusters toward biological labeling applications,” ACS Nano 3(2), 395–401 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (2)

P. Felbier, J. Yang, J. Theis, R. W. Liptak, A. Wagner, A. Lorke, G. Bacher, and U. Kortshage, “Highly Luminescent ZnO Quantum Dots Made in a Nonthermal Plasma,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(14), 1988–1993 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Zheng, G. Duan, Y. Li, S. Yang, X. Xu, and W. Cai, “Blue luminescence of ZnO nanoparticles based on non-equilibrium processes: defect origins and emission controls,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(4), 561–572 (2010).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mat. Lett. (1)

S. Gulia and R. Kakkar, “ZnO quantum dots for biomedical applications,” Adv. Mat. Lett. 4(12), 876–887 (2013).

Adv. Mat. Res. (1)

M. A. Bakar, M. A. A. Hamid, and A. Jalar, “Growth behavior of ZnO on Si (100) and platinum coated glass substrate from aqueous solution,” Adv. Mat. Res. 97-101, 1550–1553 (2010).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

H. M. Xiong, Z. D. Wang, and Y. Y. Xia, “Polymerization initiated by inherent free radicals on nanoparticle surfaces: a simple method of obtaining ultrastable (ZnO)polymer core–shell nanoparticles with strong blue fluorescence,” Adv. Mater. 18(6), 748–751 (2006).
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Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

J. W. P. Hsu, D. R. Tallant, R. L. Simpson, N. A. Missert, and R. G. Copeland, “Luminescent properties of solution-grown ZnO nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(25), 252103 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. B. Djuriši, Y. H. Leung, K. H. Tam, L. Ding, W. K. Ge, H. Y. Chen, and S. Gwo, “Green, yellow, and orange defect emission from ZnO nanostructures: Influence of excitation wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(10), 103107 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. H. Du, F. Xu, Z. Y. Yuan, and G. V. Tendeloo, “Flowerlike ZnO nanocones and nanowires: preparation, structure, and luminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(24), 243101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Z. Shi, Y. Zhang, J. Zhang, H. Wang, B. Wu, X. Cai, X. Cui, X. Dong, H. Liang, B. Zhang, and G. Du, “High-performance ultraviolet-blue light-emitting diodes based on an n-ZnO nanowall networks/p-GaN heterojunction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(2), 021109 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Gu, I. L. Kuskovsky, M. Yin, S. O’Brien, and G. F. Neumark, “Quantum confinement in ZnO nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(17), 3833 (2004).
[Crossref]

Colloids Surf. A Physicochem. Eng. Asp. (1)

B. Tang, B. Zhou, J. Zhao, X. Lv, F. Sun, and Z. Wang, “Synthesis of morphological ZnO particles by a facile solution-based chemical method,” Colloids Surf. A Physicochem. Eng. Asp. 332(1), 43–49 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Alloys Compd. (1)

Z. Zang and X. Tang, “Enhanced fluorescence imaging performance of hydrophobic colloidal ZnO nanoparticles by a facile method,” J. Alloys Compd. 619, 98–101 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

Y. S. Fu, X. W. Du, S. A. Kulinich, J. S. Qiu, W. J. Qin, R. Li, J. Sun, and J. Liu, “Stable Aqueous Dispersion of ZnO Quantum Dots with Strong Blue Emission via Simple Solution route,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(51), 16029–16033 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Yang, X. W. Sun, B. K. Tay, P. H. T. Cao, J. X. Wang, and X. H. Zhang, “Revealing the surface origin of green band emission from ZnO nanostructures by plasma immersion ion implantation induced quenching,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(6), 064307 (2008).

J. Fluoresc. (1)

Q. Yue, J. Cheng, G. Li, K. Zhang, Y. Zhai, L. Wang, and J. Liu, “Fluorescence property of ZnO nanoparticles and the interaction with bromothymol blue,” J. Fluoresc. 21(3), 1131–1135 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Lumin. (2)

M. L. Singla, M. Shafeeq, and M. M. Kumar, “Optical characterization of ZnO nanoparticles capped with various surfactants,” J. Lumin. 129(5), 434–438 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. K. Patra, M. Manoth, V. K. Singh, G. S. Gowd, V. S. Choudhry, S. R. Vadera, and N. Kumar, “Synthesis of stable dispersion of ZnO quantum dots in aqueous medium showing visible emission from bluish green to yellow,” J. Lumin. 129(3), 320–324 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

L. W. Sun, H. Q. Shi, W. N. Li, H. M. Xiao, S. Y. Fu, X. Z. Cao, and Z. X. Li, “Lanthanum-doped ZnO quantum dots with greatly enhanced fluorescent quantum yield,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(17), 8221–8227 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. C (1)

D. Weber, S. Botnaraş, D. V. Pham, J. Steigerb, and L. De Colac, “Functionalized ZnO nanoparticles for thin-film transistors: support of ligand removal by non-thermal methods,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(18), 3098–3103 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Nanomater. (1)

S. Peng, G. Wu, W. Song, and Q. Wang, “Application of flower-like ZnO nanorods gas sensor detecting SF6 decomposition products,” J. Nanomater. 2013, 135147 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Nanopart. Res. (1)

Y. He, J. A. Wang, X. B. Chen, W. F. Zhang, X. Y. Zeng, and Q. W. Gu, “Blue electroluminescence Nanodevice prototype based on vertical ZnOnnanowire/polymer film on silicon substrate,” J. Nanopart. Res. 12(1), 169–176 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. of Opt. and Adv. Mat. (1)

A. Goldeblum, A. Belum-Marian, and V. Teodorescu, “Optical properties of ZnO nanocrystallites embedded in a gold-oxide matrix,” J. of Opt. and Adv. Mat. 8(6), 2129–2132 (2006).

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

E. De la Rosa, S. Sepúlveda-Guzman, B. Reeja-Jayan, A. Torres, P. Salas, N. Elizondo, and M. Jose Yacaman, “Controlling the growth and luminescence properties of well-Faceted ZnO nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111(24), 8489–8495 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. Solids (1)

K. Thongsuriwong, P. Amornpitoksuk, and S. Suwanboon, “The effect of aminoalcohols (MEA, DEA and TEA) on morphological control of nanocrystalline ZnO powders and its optical properties,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 71(5), 730–734 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

D. H. Zhang, Z. Y. Xue, and Q. P. Wang, “The mechanisms of blue emission from ZnO films deposited on glass substrate by r.f. magnetron sputtering,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 35(21), 2837–2840 (2002).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Z. Zulkifli, S. Munisamy, M. Z. M. Yusop, G. Kalita, and M. Tanemura, “Fabrication of nanostructured ZnO films for transparent field emission displays,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52(11S), 11NJ07 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mater. Chem. Phys. (1)

Z. W. Donga, C. F. Zhang, H. Deng, G. J. You, and S. X. Qian, “Raman spectra of single micrometer-sized tubular ZnO,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 99(1), 160–163 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mater. Lett. (2)

V. Kumar, H. C. Swart, O. M. N. Twaeaborwa, R. E. Kroon, J. J. Terblans, S. K. K. Shaat, A. Yousif, and M. M. Duvenhage, “Origin of the red emisión in zinc oxide nanophosphors,” Mater. Lett. 101, 57–60 (2013).

B. Efafi, M. S. Ghamsari, M. A. Aberoumand, M. H. M. Ara, and H. H. Rad, “Highly concentrated ZnO sol with ultra-strong green emission,” Mater. Lett. 111, 78–80 (2013).
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Nano-Micro Letters (1)

R. Gopikrishnan, K. Zhang, P. Ravichandran, S. Baluchamy, V. Ramesh, V. Biradar, P. Ramesh, J. Pradhan, J. C. Hall, A. K. Pradhan, and G. T. Ramesh, “Synthesis, characterization and biocompatibility Studies of Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods for biomedical application,” Nano-Micro Letters 2(1), 31–36 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

J. You, L. Dou, K. Yoshimura, T. Kato, K. Ohya, T. Moriarty, K. Emery, C. C. Chen, J. Gao, G. Li, and Y. Yang, “A polymer tandem solar cell with 10.6% power conversion efficiency,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1446 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Mater. (2)

Z. Fang, Y. Wang, D. Xu, Y. Tan, and X. Liu, “Blue luminescent center in ZnO films deposited on silicon substrates,” Opt. Mater. 26(3), 239–242 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. Yogamalar, R. Srinivasan, and A. C. Bose, “Multi-capping agents in size confinement of ZnO nanostructured particles,” Opt. Mater. 31(11), 1570–1574 (2009).
[Crossref]

Plasma Sci. Technol. (1)

Z. Longyue, D. Songyuan, X. Weiwei, and W. Kongjia, “Dye-sensitized solar cells based on ZnO films,” Plasma Sci. Technol. 8(2), 172–175 (2006).
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Proc. SPIE (1)

D. J. Rogers, F. H. Teherani, V. E. Sandana, and M. Razeghi, “ZnO thin films and nanostructures for emerging optoelectronic applications,” Proc. SPIE 7605, 76050K(2010).
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RSC Advances (1)

A. Pang, C. Chen, L. Chen, W. Liu, and M. Wei, “Flexible dye-sensitized ZnO quantum dots solar cells,” RSC Advances 2(25), 9565–9570 (2012).
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Sci Rep (1)

J. Chen, D. Zhao, C. Li, F. Xu, W. Lei, L. Sun, A. Nathan, and X. W. Sun, “All solution-processed stable white quantum dot light-emitting diodes with hybrid ZnO@TiO₂ as blue emitters,” Sci Rep 4, 4085 (2014).
[PubMed]

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S. K. Mishraa, S. Bayana, R. Shankar, P. Chakraborty, and R. K. Srivastava, “Efficient UV photosensitive and photoluminescence properties of sol–gel derived Sn doped ZnO nanostructures,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 211, 8–14 (2014).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

M. S. Mamat, Z. Khusaimi, and M. R. Mahamood, “Growth of multi-shaped zinc oxide nanostructures using C-axis oriented zinc oxide thin films as a seeded catalyst via hydrothermal aqueous chemical growth method,” Defect and Difusion Forum. 312–315, 1126–1131 (2011).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 HRTEM images of ZnO quantum dots: (a) and (b) correspond to sample T2 (0.7 ml of TEA), (c) and (d) correspond to sample T3 (1.1 ml. of TEA). Insets in Figs. 1(b) and 1(d) show the FFT transform of spherical nanoparticles with their corresponding crystalline planes and the XRD spectrum of sample T2 respectively.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) UV absorption bands of samples T0-T2 and (b) ( α h ν ) 2 vs. h ν curves for calculation of optical Band Gap in samples T0-T2.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) PL and PLE spectra of samples T0 and T3 without/with TEA, (b) PL spectra of sample T3 dispersed in hexane and methanol with Gaussian fitting, (c) Integrated photoluminescence as function of TEA concentration and (d) FTIR spectra of samples T0-T4 prepared with different concentrations of TEA. Insets in Figs. 3(a) and 3(c) show a photograph of blue emission produced in ZnO nanoparticles and the polymeric capping around ZnO QDs respectively.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Raman spectra of samples T0, T1 and T3.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 PL Spectra of samples T5-T8 under 350 nm excitation.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Fitting used to calculate the quantum yield (QY) of ZnO quantum dots dispersed in hexane. The quinine sulfate dye (QS) was used as a reference.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Synthesis parameters of samples T0-T4 and energy band gap calculations.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Synthesis parameters of samples T5-T8.

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