Abstract

We demonstrated a single-substrate polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal (PSBP LC) display using a bar-coating technique. The BP temperature range and the electro-optical (EO) properties of PSBP LC cells fabricated on a single-substrate of glass, polycarbonate (PC) and polyethylene terephthalate (PET) were investigated. It was found that PSBP LC cells fabricated on the single-substrate of glass, PC, and PET exhibited a narrower BP temperature range in comparison with the conventional PSBP LC cell. This is necessary to improve the mechanical stability, the thermal stability and the EO performance of the single-substrate PSBP LC cells.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
  36. H. S. Chen, Y. H. Lin, C. H. Wu, M. Chen, and H. K. Hsu, “Hysteresis-free polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals using thermal recycles,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(8), 1149–1155 (2012).
    [Crossref]

2012 (2)

F. Castles, F. V. Day, S. M. Morris, D. H. Ko, D. J. Gardiner, M. M. Qasim, S. Nosheen, P. J. W. Hands, S. S. Choi, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, “Blue-phase templated fabrication of three-dimensional nanostructures for photonic applications,” Nat. Mater. 11(7), 599–603 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. S. Chen, Y. H. Lin, C. H. Wu, M. Chen, and H. K. Hsu, “Hysteresis-free polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals using thermal recycles,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(8), 1149–1155 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (8)

J. Yan and S. T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals: a tutorial [Invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 1(8), 1527–1535 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Fan, H. C. Jau, T. H. Lin, F. C. Yu, T. H. Huang, C. Liu, and N. Sugiura, “Influence of polymerization temperature on hysteresis and residual birefringence of polymer stabilized blue phase LCs,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(11), 615–618 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. M. Chen, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, Y. P. Chang, C. C. Tsai, and J. W. Shiu, “Electrode dimension effects on blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(7), 362–364 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Yan and S. T. Wu, “Effect of polymer concentration and composition on blue phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(9), 490–493 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. N. Oo, T. Mizunuma, Y. Nagano, H. Ma, Y. Ogawa, Y. Haseba, H. Higuchi, Y. Okumura, and H. Kikuchi, “Effects of monomer/liquid crystal compositions on electro-optical properties of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(8), 1502–1510 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Mizunuma, T. N. Oo, Y. Nagano, H. Ma, Y. Haseba, H. Higuchi, Y. Okumura, and H. Kikuchi, “Electro-optical properties of polymer-stabilized blue phase with different monomer combination and concentration,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(8), 1561–1568 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Hussain, A. Masutani, D. Danner, F. Pleis, N. Hollfelder, G. Nelles, and P. Kilickiran, “Ultra fast polymer network blue phase liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(11), 114513 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Rao, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, S. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, “A large Kerr constant polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(8), 081109 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

M. S. Kim, Y. J. Lim, S. Yoon, S. W. Kang, S. H. Lee, M. Kim, and S. T. Wu, “A controllable viewing angle LCD with an optically isotropic liquid crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(14), 145502 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Submillisecond gray-level response time of a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(2), 49–51 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Hysteresis effects in blue-phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(8), 318–322 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

L. Rao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 231101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 5(7), 250–256 (2009).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Adv. Mater. 17(1), 96–98 (2005).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

V. Vorflusev and S. Kumar, “Phase-separated composite films for liquid crystal displays,” Science 283(5409), 1903–1905 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

H. Kikuchi, H. K. Jeong, and T. Kajiyama, “Electro-optical effect without hysteresis for (polymer/liquid crystal) composite films,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 318(1), 209–224 (1998).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

D. C. Wright and N. D. Mermin, “Crystalline liquids: the blue phases,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 61(2), 385–432 (1989).
[Crossref]

1985 (2)

V. A. Belyakov and V. E. Dmitrienko, “The blue phase of liquid crystals,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 28(7), 535–562 (1985).
[Crossref]

C. Decker and A. D. Jenkins, “Kinetic approach of O2 inhibition in ultraviolet- and laser-induced polymerizations,” Macromolecules 18(6), 1241–1244 (1985).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

S. Meiboom, J. P. Sethna, P. W. Anderson, and W. F. Brinkman, “Theory of the blue phase of cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 46(18), 1216–1219 (1981).
[Crossref]

Anderson, P. W.

S. Meiboom, J. P. Sethna, P. W. Anderson, and W. F. Brinkman, “Theory of the blue phase of cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 46(18), 1216–1219 (1981).
[Crossref]

Belyakov, V. A.

V. A. Belyakov and V. E. Dmitrienko, “The blue phase of liquid crystals,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 28(7), 535–562 (1985).
[Crossref]

Brinkman, W. F.

S. Meiboom, J. P. Sethna, P. W. Anderson, and W. F. Brinkman, “Theory of the blue phase of cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 46(18), 1216–1219 (1981).
[Crossref]

Castles, F.

F. Castles, F. V. Day, S. M. Morris, D. H. Ko, D. J. Gardiner, M. M. Qasim, S. Nosheen, P. J. W. Hands, S. S. Choi, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, “Blue-phase templated fabrication of three-dimensional nanostructures for photonic applications,” Nat. Mater. 11(7), 599–603 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, Y. P.

K. M. Chen, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, Y. P. Chang, C. C. Tsai, and J. W. Shiu, “Electrode dimension effects on blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(7), 362–364 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, H. S.

Chen, K. M.

K. M. Chen, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, Y. P. Chang, C. C. Tsai, and J. W. Shiu, “Electrode dimension effects on blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(7), 362–364 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Submillisecond gray-level response time of a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(2), 49–51 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Hysteresis effects in blue-phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(8), 318–322 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, M.

Choi, S. S.

F. Castles, F. V. Day, S. M. Morris, D. H. Ko, D. J. Gardiner, M. M. Qasim, S. Nosheen, P. J. W. Hands, S. S. Choi, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, “Blue-phase templated fabrication of three-dimensional nanostructures for photonic applications,” Nat. Mater. 11(7), 599–603 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Coles, H. J.

F. Castles, F. V. Day, S. M. Morris, D. H. Ko, D. J. Gardiner, M. M. Qasim, S. Nosheen, P. J. W. Hands, S. S. Choi, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, “Blue-phase templated fabrication of three-dimensional nanostructures for photonic applications,” Nat. Mater. 11(7), 599–603 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Danner, D.

Z. Hussain, A. Masutani, D. Danner, F. Pleis, N. Hollfelder, G. Nelles, and P. Kilickiran, “Ultra fast polymer network blue phase liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(11), 114513 (2011).
[Crossref]

Day, F. V.

F. Castles, F. V. Day, S. M. Morris, D. H. Ko, D. J. Gardiner, M. M. Qasim, S. Nosheen, P. J. W. Hands, S. S. Choi, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, “Blue-phase templated fabrication of three-dimensional nanostructures for photonic applications,” Nat. Mater. 11(7), 599–603 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Decker, C.

C. Decker and A. D. Jenkins, “Kinetic approach of O2 inhibition in ultraviolet- and laser-induced polymerizations,” Macromolecules 18(6), 1241–1244 (1985).
[Crossref]

Dmitrienko, V. E.

V. A. Belyakov and V. E. Dmitrienko, “The blue phase of liquid crystals,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 28(7), 535–562 (1985).
[Crossref]

Fan, C. Y.

C. Y. Fan, H. C. Jau, T. H. Lin, F. C. Yu, T. H. Huang, C. Liu, and N. Sugiura, “Influence of polymerization temperature on hysteresis and residual birefringence of polymer stabilized blue phase LCs,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(11), 615–618 (2011).
[Crossref]

Friend, R. H.

F. Castles, F. V. Day, S. M. Morris, D. H. Ko, D. J. Gardiner, M. M. Qasim, S. Nosheen, P. J. W. Hands, S. S. Choi, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, “Blue-phase templated fabrication of three-dimensional nanostructures for photonic applications,” Nat. Mater. 11(7), 599–603 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gardiner, D. J.

F. Castles, F. V. Day, S. M. Morris, D. H. Ko, D. J. Gardiner, M. M. Qasim, S. Nosheen, P. J. W. Hands, S. S. Choi, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, “Blue-phase templated fabrication of three-dimensional nanostructures for photonic applications,” Nat. Mater. 11(7), 599–603 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gauza, S.

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Hysteresis effects in blue-phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(8), 318–322 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Submillisecond gray-level response time of a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(2), 49–51 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 5(7), 250–256 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ge, Z.

L. Rao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 231101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 5(7), 250–256 (2009).
[Crossref]

Han, C. C.

L. Y. Wang, T. H. Huang, N. Sugiura, W. L. Liau, C. C. Han, C. J. Lung, P. L. Jung, and H. C. Lin, “Effects of liquid crystal compositions on polymer stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” in Proceedings of the 17th International Display Workshops (Fukuoka, Japan, 2010), pp. 29–32.

Hands, P. J. W.

F. Castles, F. V. Day, S. M. Morris, D. H. Ko, D. J. Gardiner, M. M. Qasim, S. Nosheen, P. J. W. Hands, S. S. Choi, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, “Blue-phase templated fabrication of three-dimensional nanostructures for photonic applications,” Nat. Mater. 11(7), 599–603 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haseba, Y.

Higuchi, H.

Hisakado, Y.

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Adv. Mater. 17(1), 96–98 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hollfelder, N.

Z. Hussain, A. Masutani, D. Danner, F. Pleis, N. Hollfelder, G. Nelles, and P. Kilickiran, “Ultra fast polymer network blue phase liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(11), 114513 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hsu, H. K.

Huang, T. H.

C. Y. Fan, H. C. Jau, T. H. Lin, F. C. Yu, T. H. Huang, C. Liu, and N. Sugiura, “Influence of polymerization temperature on hysteresis and residual birefringence of polymer stabilized blue phase LCs,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(11), 615–618 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Y. Wang, T. H. Huang, N. Sugiura, W. L. Liau, C. C. Han, C. J. Lung, P. L. Jung, and H. C. Lin, “Effects of liquid crystal compositions on polymer stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” in Proceedings of the 17th International Display Workshops (Fukuoka, Japan, 2010), pp. 29–32.

Hussain, Z.

Z. Hussain, A. Masutani, D. Danner, F. Pleis, N. Hollfelder, G. Nelles, and P. Kilickiran, “Ultra fast polymer network blue phase liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(11), 114513 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jau, H. C.

C. Y. Fan, H. C. Jau, T. H. Lin, F. C. Yu, T. H. Huang, C. Liu, and N. Sugiura, “Influence of polymerization temperature on hysteresis and residual birefringence of polymer stabilized blue phase LCs,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(11), 615–618 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jenkins, A. D.

C. Decker and A. D. Jenkins, “Kinetic approach of O2 inhibition in ultraviolet- and laser-induced polymerizations,” Macromolecules 18(6), 1241–1244 (1985).
[Crossref]

Jeong, H. K.

H. Kikuchi, H. K. Jeong, and T. Kajiyama, “Electro-optical effect without hysteresis for (polymer/liquid crystal) composite films,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 318(1), 209–224 (1998).
[Crossref]

Jung, P. L.

L. Y. Wang, T. H. Huang, N. Sugiura, W. L. Liau, C. C. Han, C. J. Lung, P. L. Jung, and H. C. Lin, “Effects of liquid crystal compositions on polymer stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” in Proceedings of the 17th International Display Workshops (Fukuoka, Japan, 2010), pp. 29–32.

Kajiyama, T.

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Adv. Mater. 17(1), 96–98 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Kikuchi, H. K. Jeong, and T. Kajiyama, “Electro-optical effect without hysteresis for (polymer/liquid crystal) composite films,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 318(1), 209–224 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kang, S. W.

M. S. Kim, Y. J. Lim, S. Yoon, S. W. Kang, S. H. Lee, M. Kim, and S. T. Wu, “A controllable viewing angle LCD with an optically isotropic liquid crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(14), 145502 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kikuchi, H.

T. N. Oo, T. Mizunuma, Y. Nagano, H. Ma, Y. Ogawa, Y. Haseba, H. Higuchi, Y. Okumura, and H. Kikuchi, “Effects of monomer/liquid crystal compositions on electro-optical properties of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(8), 1502–1510 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Mizunuma, T. N. Oo, Y. Nagano, H. Ma, Y. Haseba, H. Higuchi, Y. Okumura, and H. Kikuchi, “Electro-optical properties of polymer-stabilized blue phase with different monomer combination and concentration,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(8), 1561–1568 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Adv. Mater. 17(1), 96–98 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Kikuchi, H. K. Jeong, and T. Kajiyama, “Electro-optical effect without hysteresis for (polymer/liquid crystal) composite films,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 318(1), 209–224 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kilickiran, P.

Z. Hussain, A. Masutani, D. Danner, F. Pleis, N. Hollfelder, G. Nelles, and P. Kilickiran, “Ultra fast polymer network blue phase liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(11), 114513 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kim, M.

M. S. Kim, Y. J. Lim, S. Yoon, S. W. Kang, S. H. Lee, M. Kim, and S. T. Wu, “A controllable viewing angle LCD with an optically isotropic liquid crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(14), 145502 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kim, M. S.

M. S. Kim, Y. J. Lim, S. Yoon, S. W. Kang, S. H. Lee, M. Kim, and S. T. Wu, “A controllable viewing angle LCD with an optically isotropic liquid crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(14), 145502 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ko, D. H.

F. Castles, F. V. Day, S. M. Morris, D. H. Ko, D. J. Gardiner, M. M. Qasim, S. Nosheen, P. J. W. Hands, S. S. Choi, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, “Blue-phase templated fabrication of three-dimensional nanostructures for photonic applications,” Nat. Mater. 11(7), 599–603 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kumar, S.

V. Vorflusev and S. Kumar, “Phase-separated composite films for liquid crystal displays,” Science 283(5409), 1903–1905 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, S. H.

M. S. Kim, Y. J. Lim, S. Yoon, S. W. Kang, S. H. Lee, M. Kim, and S. T. Wu, “A controllable viewing angle LCD with an optically isotropic liquid crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(14), 145502 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Rao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 231101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liau, W. L.

L. Y. Wang, T. H. Huang, N. Sugiura, W. L. Liau, C. C. Han, C. J. Lung, P. L. Jung, and H. C. Lin, “Effects of liquid crystal compositions on polymer stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” in Proceedings of the 17th International Display Workshops (Fukuoka, Japan, 2010), pp. 29–32.

Lim, Y. J.

M. S. Kim, Y. J. Lim, S. Yoon, S. W. Kang, S. H. Lee, M. Kim, and S. T. Wu, “A controllable viewing angle LCD with an optically isotropic liquid crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(14), 145502 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lin, H. C.

L. Y. Wang, T. H. Huang, N. Sugiura, W. L. Liau, C. C. Han, C. J. Lung, P. L. Jung, and H. C. Lin, “Effects of liquid crystal compositions on polymer stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” in Proceedings of the 17th International Display Workshops (Fukuoka, Japan, 2010), pp. 29–32.

Lin, T. H.

C. Y. Fan, H. C. Jau, T. H. Lin, F. C. Yu, T. H. Huang, C. Liu, and N. Sugiura, “Influence of polymerization temperature on hysteresis and residual birefringence of polymer stabilized blue phase LCs,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(11), 615–618 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lin, Y. H.

Liu, C.

C. Y. Fan, H. C. Jau, T. H. Lin, F. C. Yu, T. H. Huang, C. Liu, and N. Sugiura, “Influence of polymerization temperature on hysteresis and residual birefringence of polymer stabilized blue phase LCs,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(11), 615–618 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lung, C. J.

L. Y. Wang, T. H. Huang, N. Sugiura, W. L. Liau, C. C. Han, C. J. Lung, P. L. Jung, and H. C. Lin, “Effects of liquid crystal compositions on polymer stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” in Proceedings of the 17th International Display Workshops (Fukuoka, Japan, 2010), pp. 29–32.

Ma, H.

Masutani, A.

Z. Hussain, A. Masutani, D. Danner, F. Pleis, N. Hollfelder, G. Nelles, and P. Kilickiran, “Ultra fast polymer network blue phase liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(11), 114513 (2011).
[Crossref]

Meiboom, S.

S. Meiboom, J. P. Sethna, P. W. Anderson, and W. F. Brinkman, “Theory of the blue phase of cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 46(18), 1216–1219 (1981).
[Crossref]

Mermin, N. D.

D. C. Wright and N. D. Mermin, “Crystalline liquids: the blue phases,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 61(2), 385–432 (1989).
[Crossref]

Mizunuma, T.

Morris, S. M.

F. Castles, F. V. Day, S. M. Morris, D. H. Ko, D. J. Gardiner, M. M. Qasim, S. Nosheen, P. J. W. Hands, S. S. Choi, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, “Blue-phase templated fabrication of three-dimensional nanostructures for photonic applications,” Nat. Mater. 11(7), 599–603 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nagamura, T.

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Adv. Mater. 17(1), 96–98 (2005).
[Crossref]

Nagano, Y.

Nelles, G.

Z. Hussain, A. Masutani, D. Danner, F. Pleis, N. Hollfelder, G. Nelles, and P. Kilickiran, “Ultra fast polymer network blue phase liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(11), 114513 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nosheen, S.

F. Castles, F. V. Day, S. M. Morris, D. H. Ko, D. J. Gardiner, M. M. Qasim, S. Nosheen, P. J. W. Hands, S. S. Choi, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, “Blue-phase templated fabrication of three-dimensional nanostructures for photonic applications,” Nat. Mater. 11(7), 599–603 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ogawa, Y.

Okumura, Y.

Oo, T. N.

Pleis, F.

Z. Hussain, A. Masutani, D. Danner, F. Pleis, N. Hollfelder, G. Nelles, and P. Kilickiran, “Ultra fast polymer network blue phase liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(11), 114513 (2011).
[Crossref]

Qasim, M. M.

F. Castles, F. V. Day, S. M. Morris, D. H. Ko, D. J. Gardiner, M. M. Qasim, S. Nosheen, P. J. W. Hands, S. S. Choi, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, “Blue-phase templated fabrication of three-dimensional nanostructures for photonic applications,” Nat. Mater. 11(7), 599–603 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rao, L.

L. Rao, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, S. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, “A large Kerr constant polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(8), 081109 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 5(7), 250–256 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. Rao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 231101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sethna, J. P.

S. Meiboom, J. P. Sethna, P. W. Anderson, and W. F. Brinkman, “Theory of the blue phase of cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 46(18), 1216–1219 (1981).
[Crossref]

Shiu, J. W.

K. M. Chen, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, Y. P. Chang, C. C. Tsai, and J. W. Shiu, “Electrode dimension effects on blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(7), 362–364 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sugiura, N.

C. Y. Fan, H. C. Jau, T. H. Lin, F. C. Yu, T. H. Huang, C. Liu, and N. Sugiura, “Influence of polymerization temperature on hysteresis and residual birefringence of polymer stabilized blue phase LCs,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(11), 615–618 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Y. Wang, T. H. Huang, N. Sugiura, W. L. Liau, C. C. Han, C. J. Lung, P. L. Jung, and H. C. Lin, “Effects of liquid crystal compositions on polymer stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” in Proceedings of the 17th International Display Workshops (Fukuoka, Japan, 2010), pp. 29–32.

Tsai, C. C.

K. M. Chen, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, Y. P. Chang, C. C. Tsai, and J. W. Shiu, “Electrode dimension effects on blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(7), 362–364 (2011).
[Crossref]

Vorflusev, V.

V. Vorflusev and S. Kumar, “Phase-separated composite films for liquid crystal displays,” Science 283(5409), 1903–1905 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, L. Y.

L. Y. Wang, T. H. Huang, N. Sugiura, W. L. Liau, C. C. Han, C. J. Lung, P. L. Jung, and H. C. Lin, “Effects of liquid crystal compositions on polymer stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” in Proceedings of the 17th International Display Workshops (Fukuoka, Japan, 2010), pp. 29–32.

Wright, D. C.

D. C. Wright and N. D. Mermin, “Crystalline liquids: the blue phases,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 61(2), 385–432 (1989).
[Crossref]

Wu, C. H.

Wu, S. T.

J. Yan and S. T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals: a tutorial [Invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 1(8), 1527–1535 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Rao, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, S. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, “A large Kerr constant polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(8), 081109 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. M. Chen, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, Y. P. Chang, C. C. Tsai, and J. W. Shiu, “Electrode dimension effects on blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(7), 362–364 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Yan and S. T. Wu, “Effect of polymer concentration and composition on blue phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(9), 490–493 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Hysteresis effects in blue-phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(8), 318–322 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Submillisecond gray-level response time of a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(2), 49–51 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. S. Kim, Y. J. Lim, S. Yoon, S. W. Kang, S. H. Lee, M. Kim, and S. T. Wu, “A controllable viewing angle LCD with an optically isotropic liquid crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(14), 145502 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Rao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 231101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 5(7), 250–256 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xianyu, H.

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Submillisecond gray-level response time of a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(2), 49–51 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Hysteresis effects in blue-phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(8), 318–322 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, S.

L. Rao, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, S. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, “A large Kerr constant polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(8), 081109 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yan, J.

L. Rao, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, S. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, “A large Kerr constant polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(8), 081109 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. M. Chen, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, Y. P. Chang, C. C. Tsai, and J. W. Shiu, “Electrode dimension effects on blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(7), 362–364 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Yan and S. T. Wu, “Effect of polymer concentration and composition on blue phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(9), 490–493 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Yan and S. T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals: a tutorial [Invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 1(8), 1527–1535 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yokota, M.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yoon, S.

M. S. Kim, Y. J. Lim, S. Yoon, S. W. Kang, S. H. Lee, M. Kim, and S. T. Wu, “A controllable viewing angle LCD with an optically isotropic liquid crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(14), 145502 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yu, F. C.

C. Y. Fan, H. C. Jau, T. H. Lin, F. C. Yu, T. H. Huang, C. Liu, and N. Sugiura, “Influence of polymerization temperature on hysteresis and residual birefringence of polymer stabilized blue phase LCs,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(11), 615–618 (2011).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Adv. Mater. 17(1), 96–98 (2005).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

L. Rao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 231101 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. Rao, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, S. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, “A large Kerr constant polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(8), 081109 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Z. Hussain, A. Masutani, D. Danner, F. Pleis, N. Hollfelder, G. Nelles, and P. Kilickiran, “Ultra fast polymer network blue phase liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(11), 114513 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Disp. Technol. (6)

J. Yan and S. T. Wu, “Effect of polymer concentration and composition on blue phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(9), 490–493 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Fan, H. C. Jau, T. H. Lin, F. C. Yu, T. H. Huang, C. Liu, and N. Sugiura, “Influence of polymerization temperature on hysteresis and residual birefringence of polymer stabilized blue phase LCs,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(11), 615–618 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 5(7), 250–256 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. M. Chen, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, Y. P. Chang, C. C. Tsai, and J. W. Shiu, “Electrode dimension effects on blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(7), 362–364 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Submillisecond gray-level response time of a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(2), 49–51 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Hysteresis effects in blue-phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(8), 318–322 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

M. S. Kim, Y. J. Lim, S. Yoon, S. W. Kang, S. H. Lee, M. Kim, and S. T. Wu, “A controllable viewing angle LCD with an optically isotropic liquid crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(14), 145502 (2010).
[Crossref]

Macromolecules (1)

C. Decker and A. D. Jenkins, “Kinetic approach of O2 inhibition in ultraviolet- and laser-induced polymerizations,” Macromolecules 18(6), 1241–1244 (1985).
[Crossref]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (1)

H. Kikuchi, H. K. Jeong, and T. Kajiyama, “Electro-optical effect without hysteresis for (polymer/liquid crystal) composite films,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 318(1), 209–224 (1998).
[Crossref]

Nat. Mater. (2)

F. Castles, F. V. Day, S. M. Morris, D. H. Ko, D. J. Gardiner, M. M. Qasim, S. Nosheen, P. J. W. Hands, S. S. Choi, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, “Blue-phase templated fabrication of three-dimensional nanostructures for photonic applications,” Nat. Mater. 11(7), 599–603 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Mater. Express (4)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. Meiboom, J. P. Sethna, P. W. Anderson, and W. F. Brinkman, “Theory of the blue phase of cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 46(18), 1216–1219 (1981).
[Crossref]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

D. C. Wright and N. D. Mermin, “Crystalline liquids: the blue phases,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 61(2), 385–432 (1989).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

V. Vorflusev and S. Kumar, “Phase-separated composite films for liquid crystal displays,” Science 283(5409), 1903–1905 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sov. Phys. Usp. (1)

V. A. Belyakov and V. E. Dmitrienko, “The blue phase of liquid crystals,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 28(7), 535–562 (1985).
[Crossref]

Other (13)

P. P. Crooker, Chirality in Liquid Crystals (Springer-Verlag, 2001), Chap. 7.

P. G. de Gennes and J. Prost, The Physics of Liquid Crystals, 2nd ed. (Oxford University Press, 1993), Sec. 6.5.

C. Y. Fan, C. T. Wang, T. H. Lin, F. C. Yu, T. H. Huang, C. Y. Liu, and N. Sugiura, “Hysteresis and residual birefringence free polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 42, 213–215 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Kikuchi, Y. Haseba, S. Yamamoto, T. Iwata, and H. Higuchi, “Optically isotropic nano-structured liquid crystal composites for display applications,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 40, 578–581 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Lee, H. J. Park, O. J. Kwon, S. J. Yun, J. H. Park, S. Hong, and S. T. Shin, “The world’s first blue phase liquid crystal display,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 42, 121–124 (2011).

D. Kubota, T. Ishitani, A. Yamashita, S. Yamagata, Y. Oe, T. Tamura, M. Ikenaga, T. Yamamoto, M. Kato, M. Nakano, R. Hatsumi, Y. Kubota, T. Murakawa, M. Hayakawa, T. Nishi, S. Seo, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, K. Okazaki, R. Sato, T. Cho, and M. Sakakura, “A new process for manufacture of low voltage, polymer-stabilized blue phase LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 42, 125–128 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Y. Wang, T. H. Huang, N. Sugiura, W. L. Liau, C. C. Han, C. J. Lung, P. L. Jung, and H. C. Lin, “Effects of liquid crystal compositions on polymer stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” in Proceedings of the 17th International Display Workshops (Fukuoka, Japan, 2010), pp. 29–32.

P. S. Drzaic, Liquid Crystal Dispersions (World Scientific, 1995) p.57.

F. Castles, S. M. Morris, J. M. C. Hung, M. M. Qasim, and H. J. Coles, “Stretchable liquid crystal blue phases,” arXiv:1208.3117.

G. P. Crawford, Flexible Flat Panel Displays (Wiley, 2005), Chaps. 1, 16, 17, and 18.

Y. Haseba, S. Yamamoto, K. Sago, A. Takata, and H. Tobata, “Low-voltage polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 44, 254–257 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. K. Yang, L. C. Chien, and Y. K. Fung, “Polymer-stabilized cholesteric textures,” in Liquid Crystals in Complex Geometries Formed by Polymer and Porous Networks, eds. G. P. Crawford and S. Zumer (Taylor and Francis, 1996).

G. Odian, Principles of Polymerization (Wiley, 2004) p.259.

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic diagram of the bar-coating technique.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Polarized microphotographs (reflection mode) of the conventional sandwich-type BP LC cell between crossed polarizers: (a) BPI before UV exposure, (b) BPII before UV exposure, and (c) BPI after UV exposure.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 V-T curves of the conventional sandwich-type PSBP LC cells before and after removing the counterpart glass substrate at 25°C. The inset shows the EO response under an applied voltage of 80 V.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Polarized microphotographs (reflection mode) of the single-glass-substrate BP LC cell between crossed polarizers: (a) BPI before UV exposure, (b) BPII before UV exposure, and (c) BPI after UV exposure.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 V-T curves of the single-glass-substrate PSBP LC cell at 40°C. The inset shows the EO response under an applied voltage of 80 V.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Polarized microphotographs (reflection mode) of the single-PC-substrate BP LC cell between crossed polarizers: (a) BPI before UV exposure, (b) BPII before UV exposure, and (c) BPI after UV exposure.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 V-T curves of the single-PC-substrate PSBP LC cell at 45°C. The inset shows the EO response under an applied voltage of 40 V.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Polarized microphotographs (reflection mode) of the single-PET-substrate BP LC cell between crossed polarizers: (a) BPI before UV exposure, (b) BPII before UV exposure, and (c) BPI after UV exposure.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 V-T curves of the single-PET-substrate PSBP LC cell at 40°C. The inset shows the EO response under an applied voltage of 80 V.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Photograph of the single-PET-substrate PSBP LC cell (a) under the mechanical bending stress; polarized photographs of the single-PET-substrate PSBP LC cell between crossed polarizers (b) under no electric field, (c) under an applied voltage of 50 V, and (d) bending under an applied voltage of 50 V.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Electro-optical response curves of the single-glass-substrate PSBP LC cell in the rise (a) and decay (b) processes under an applied voltage of 80 V.

Tables (6)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Four UV exposure conditions attempted to achieve PSBP LC for the single-substrate cells

Tables Icon

Table 2 Phase transition temperatures of the conventional sandwich-type BP LC cell before and after UV exposure

Tables Icon

Table 3 Phase transition temperatures of the single-glass-substrate BP LC cell before and after UV exposure

Tables Icon

Table 4 Phase transition temperatures of the single-PC-substrate BP LC cell before and after UV exposure

Tables Icon

Table 5 Phase transition temperatures of the single-PET-substrate BP LC cell before and after UV exposure

Tables Icon

Table 6 Summary of performance of two types of PSBP LC cells

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