Abstract

The incorporation of phosphorus into silica soot material strongly changes during the multistep preparation process of the MCVD technology in combination with solution doping for Al and rare earths. We report on the influence of various process parameters on the phosphorus concentration, the bond types of phosphorus atoms and the relative density of the soot material. By optimization of the process the phosphorus concentration of the presintered soot could be increased by around 10% in comparison to the conventional treatment. The understanding of the interdependencies allows an improvement of the preparation process of phosphorus co-doped RE doped silica laser fibers with MCVD technology.

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  1. S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Optical properties of Yb-doped laser fibers in dependence on codopants and preparation conditions,” Proc. SPIE 6890, 689016 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  2. S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, M. Leich, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Influence of aluminium-phosphorus codoping on optical properties of ytterbium-doped laser fiber,” Proc. SPIE 7212, 72121B (2009).
    [Crossref]
  3. S. Jetschke, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and J. Kirchhof, “Efficient Yb laser fibers with low photodarkening by optimization of the core composition,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15540–15545 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  4. J. E. Townsend, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, “Solution-doping technique for fabrication of rare-earth-doped optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 23(7), 329–331 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, and A. Schwuchow, “Fiber Lasers: Materials, Structures and Technologies,” Proc. SPIE 4957, 1 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  6. J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Grimm, and V. Reichel, “Materials for high-power fiber lasers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(23-25), 2399–2403 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  7. J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, and B. Knappe, “Spatial distribution effects and laser efficiency in Er/Yb doped fibers,” Proc. SPIE 5350, 222 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  8. D. J. DiGiovanni, T. F. Morse, and J. W. Cipolla Jr, “Theoretical Model of Phosphorus Incorporation in Silica in Modified Chemical Vapor Deposition,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 71(11), 914–923 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  9. R. Youngman, C. Hogue, and B. Aitken, “Crystallization of Silicon Pyrophosphate from Silicophosphate Glasses as Monitored by Multi-Nuclear NMR,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 984, 0984-MM12-03 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  10. M. Handke, W. Mozgawa, and M. Nocun, “Specific features of the IR spectra of silicate glasses,” J. Mol. Struct. 325, 129–136 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  11. N. Shibata, M. Horigudhi, and T. Edahiro, “Raman spectra of binary high-silica glasses and fibers containing GeO2, P2O5 and B2O3,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 45(1), 115–126 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  12. J. Wong, “Vibrational spectra of vapor-deposited binary phosphosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 20(1), 83–100 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  13. V. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, V. V. Klotashev, and E. M. Dianov, “On the structure of phosphosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 306(3), 209–226 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  14. C. Dayanand, G. Bhikshamaiah, V. Jaya Tyagaraju, M. Salagram, and A. S. R. Krishna Murthy, “Structural investigations of phosphate glasses: a detailed infrared study of the x(PbO)-(1-x)P2O5 vitreous system,” J. Mater. Sci. 31(8), 1945–1967 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  15. D. E. C. Corbridge and E. J. Lowe, “Infrared spectra of some inorganic phosphorus compounds,” J. Chem. Soc. 23(6), 493–502 (1954).
    [Crossref]
  16. F. Lindner, S. Unger, A. Kriltz, A. Scheffel, A. Dellith, J. Dellith, and H. Bartelt, “Phosphorus incorporation into silica during modified chemical vapor deposition combined with solution doping,” Phys. Chem. Glasses: Eur. J. Glass Sci. Technol., Part B 56(6), 278–284 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  17. M. Rokita, M. Handke, and W. Mozgawa, “Spectroscopic studies of the amorphous SiO2–AlPO4 materials,” J. Mol. Struct. 511-512, 277–280 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  18. S. G. Kosinski, D. M. Krol, T. M. Duncan, D. C. Douglas, J. B. MacChesney, and J. R. Simpson, “Raman and NMR spectroscopy of SiO2 glasses co-doped with Al2O3 and P2O5,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 105(1-2), 45–52 (1988).
    [Crossref]

2015 (1)

F. Lindner, S. Unger, A. Kriltz, A. Scheffel, A. Dellith, J. Dellith, and H. Bartelt, “Phosphorus incorporation into silica during modified chemical vapor deposition combined with solution doping,” Phys. Chem. Glasses: Eur. J. Glass Sci. Technol., Part B 56(6), 278–284 (2015).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, M. Leich, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Influence of aluminium-phosphorus codoping on optical properties of ytterbium-doped laser fiber,” Proc. SPIE 7212, 72121B (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and J. Kirchhof, “Efficient Yb laser fibers with low photodarkening by optimization of the core composition,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15540–15545 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Optical properties of Yb-doped laser fibers in dependence on codopants and preparation conditions,” Proc. SPIE 6890, 689016 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

R. Youngman, C. Hogue, and B. Aitken, “Crystallization of Silicon Pyrophosphate from Silicophosphate Glasses as Monitored by Multi-Nuclear NMR,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 984, 0984-MM12-03 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Grimm, and V. Reichel, “Materials for high-power fiber lasers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(23-25), 2399–2403 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, and B. Knappe, “Spatial distribution effects and laser efficiency in Er/Yb doped fibers,” Proc. SPIE 5350, 222 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, and A. Schwuchow, “Fiber Lasers: Materials, Structures and Technologies,” Proc. SPIE 4957, 1 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

V. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, V. V. Klotashev, and E. M. Dianov, “On the structure of phosphosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 306(3), 209–226 (2002).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

M. Rokita, M. Handke, and W. Mozgawa, “Spectroscopic studies of the amorphous SiO2–AlPO4 materials,” J. Mol. Struct. 511-512, 277–280 (1999).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

C. Dayanand, G. Bhikshamaiah, V. Jaya Tyagaraju, M. Salagram, and A. S. R. Krishna Murthy, “Structural investigations of phosphate glasses: a detailed infrared study of the x(PbO)-(1-x)P2O5 vitreous system,” J. Mater. Sci. 31(8), 1945–1967 (1996).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

M. Handke, W. Mozgawa, and M. Nocun, “Specific features of the IR spectra of silicate glasses,” J. Mol. Struct. 325, 129–136 (1994).
[Crossref]

1988 (2)

D. J. DiGiovanni, T. F. Morse, and J. W. Cipolla Jr, “Theoretical Model of Phosphorus Incorporation in Silica in Modified Chemical Vapor Deposition,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 71(11), 914–923 (1988).
[Crossref]

S. G. Kosinski, D. M. Krol, T. M. Duncan, D. C. Douglas, J. B. MacChesney, and J. R. Simpson, “Raman and NMR spectroscopy of SiO2 glasses co-doped with Al2O3 and P2O5,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 105(1-2), 45–52 (1988).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

J. E. Townsend, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, “Solution-doping technique for fabrication of rare-earth-doped optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 23(7), 329–331 (1987).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

N. Shibata, M. Horigudhi, and T. Edahiro, “Raman spectra of binary high-silica glasses and fibers containing GeO2, P2O5 and B2O3,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 45(1), 115–126 (1981).
[Crossref]

1976 (1)

J. Wong, “Vibrational spectra of vapor-deposited binary phosphosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 20(1), 83–100 (1976).
[Crossref]

1954 (1)

D. E. C. Corbridge and E. J. Lowe, “Infrared spectra of some inorganic phosphorus compounds,” J. Chem. Soc. 23(6), 493–502 (1954).
[Crossref]

Aitken, B.

R. Youngman, C. Hogue, and B. Aitken, “Crystallization of Silicon Pyrophosphate from Silicophosphate Glasses as Monitored by Multi-Nuclear NMR,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 984, 0984-MM12-03 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bartelt, H.

F. Lindner, S. Unger, A. Kriltz, A. Scheffel, A. Dellith, J. Dellith, and H. Bartelt, “Phosphorus incorporation into silica during modified chemical vapor deposition combined with solution doping,” Phys. Chem. Glasses: Eur. J. Glass Sci. Technol., Part B 56(6), 278–284 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bhikshamaiah, G.

C. Dayanand, G. Bhikshamaiah, V. Jaya Tyagaraju, M. Salagram, and A. S. R. Krishna Murthy, “Structural investigations of phosphate glasses: a detailed infrared study of the x(PbO)-(1-x)P2O5 vitreous system,” J. Mater. Sci. 31(8), 1945–1967 (1996).
[Crossref]

Cipolla Jr, J. W.

D. J. DiGiovanni, T. F. Morse, and J. W. Cipolla Jr, “Theoretical Model of Phosphorus Incorporation in Silica in Modified Chemical Vapor Deposition,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 71(11), 914–923 (1988).
[Crossref]

Corbridge, D. E. C.

D. E. C. Corbridge and E. J. Lowe, “Infrared spectra of some inorganic phosphorus compounds,” J. Chem. Soc. 23(6), 493–502 (1954).
[Crossref]

Dayanand, C.

C. Dayanand, G. Bhikshamaiah, V. Jaya Tyagaraju, M. Salagram, and A. S. R. Krishna Murthy, “Structural investigations of phosphate glasses: a detailed infrared study of the x(PbO)-(1-x)P2O5 vitreous system,” J. Mater. Sci. 31(8), 1945–1967 (1996).
[Crossref]

Dellith, A.

F. Lindner, S. Unger, A. Kriltz, A. Scheffel, A. Dellith, J. Dellith, and H. Bartelt, “Phosphorus incorporation into silica during modified chemical vapor deposition combined with solution doping,” Phys. Chem. Glasses: Eur. J. Glass Sci. Technol., Part B 56(6), 278–284 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dellith, J.

F. Lindner, S. Unger, A. Kriltz, A. Scheffel, A. Dellith, J. Dellith, and H. Bartelt, “Phosphorus incorporation into silica during modified chemical vapor deposition combined with solution doping,” Phys. Chem. Glasses: Eur. J. Glass Sci. Technol., Part B 56(6), 278–284 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dianov, E. M.

V. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, V. V. Klotashev, and E. M. Dianov, “On the structure of phosphosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 306(3), 209–226 (2002).
[Crossref]

DiGiovanni, D. J.

D. J. DiGiovanni, T. F. Morse, and J. W. Cipolla Jr, “Theoretical Model of Phosphorus Incorporation in Silica in Modified Chemical Vapor Deposition,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 71(11), 914–923 (1988).
[Crossref]

Douglas, D. C.

S. G. Kosinski, D. M. Krol, T. M. Duncan, D. C. Douglas, J. B. MacChesney, and J. R. Simpson, “Raman and NMR spectroscopy of SiO2 glasses co-doped with Al2O3 and P2O5,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 105(1-2), 45–52 (1988).
[Crossref]

Duncan, T. M.

S. G. Kosinski, D. M. Krol, T. M. Duncan, D. C. Douglas, J. B. MacChesney, and J. R. Simpson, “Raman and NMR spectroscopy of SiO2 glasses co-doped with Al2O3 and P2O5,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 105(1-2), 45–52 (1988).
[Crossref]

Edahiro, T.

N. Shibata, M. Horigudhi, and T. Edahiro, “Raman spectra of binary high-silica glasses and fibers containing GeO2, P2O5 and B2O3,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 45(1), 115–126 (1981).
[Crossref]

Grimm, S.

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Grimm, and V. Reichel, “Materials for high-power fiber lasers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(23-25), 2399–2403 (2006).
[Crossref]

Handke, M.

M. Rokita, M. Handke, and W. Mozgawa, “Spectroscopic studies of the amorphous SiO2–AlPO4 materials,” J. Mol. Struct. 511-512, 277–280 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. Handke, W. Mozgawa, and M. Nocun, “Specific features of the IR spectra of silicate glasses,” J. Mol. Struct. 325, 129–136 (1994).
[Crossref]

Hogue, C.

R. Youngman, C. Hogue, and B. Aitken, “Crystallization of Silicon Pyrophosphate from Silicophosphate Glasses as Monitored by Multi-Nuclear NMR,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 984, 0984-MM12-03 (2006).
[Crossref]

Horigudhi, M.

N. Shibata, M. Horigudhi, and T. Edahiro, “Raman spectra of binary high-silica glasses and fibers containing GeO2, P2O5 and B2O3,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 45(1), 115–126 (1981).
[Crossref]

Jaya Tyagaraju, V.

C. Dayanand, G. Bhikshamaiah, V. Jaya Tyagaraju, M. Salagram, and A. S. R. Krishna Murthy, “Structural investigations of phosphate glasses: a detailed infrared study of the x(PbO)-(1-x)P2O5 vitreous system,” J. Mater. Sci. 31(8), 1945–1967 (1996).
[Crossref]

Jetschke, S.

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, M. Leich, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Influence of aluminium-phosphorus codoping on optical properties of ytterbium-doped laser fiber,” Proc. SPIE 7212, 72121B (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Optical properties of Yb-doped laser fibers in dependence on codopants and preparation conditions,” Proc. SPIE 6890, 689016 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and J. Kirchhof, “Efficient Yb laser fibers with low photodarkening by optimization of the core composition,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15540–15545 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, and B. Knappe, “Spatial distribution effects and laser efficiency in Er/Yb doped fibers,” Proc. SPIE 5350, 222 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kirchhof, J.

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, M. Leich, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Influence of aluminium-phosphorus codoping on optical properties of ytterbium-doped laser fiber,” Proc. SPIE 7212, 72121B (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and J. Kirchhof, “Efficient Yb laser fibers with low photodarkening by optimization of the core composition,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15540–15545 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Optical properties of Yb-doped laser fibers in dependence on codopants and preparation conditions,” Proc. SPIE 6890, 689016 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Grimm, and V. Reichel, “Materials for high-power fiber lasers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(23-25), 2399–2403 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, and B. Knappe, “Spatial distribution effects and laser efficiency in Er/Yb doped fibers,” Proc. SPIE 5350, 222 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, and A. Schwuchow, “Fiber Lasers: Materials, Structures and Technologies,” Proc. SPIE 4957, 1 (2003).
[Crossref]

Klotashev, V. V.

V. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, V. V. Klotashev, and E. M. Dianov, “On the structure of phosphosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 306(3), 209–226 (2002).
[Crossref]

Knappe, B.

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, and B. Knappe, “Spatial distribution effects and laser efficiency in Er/Yb doped fibers,” Proc. SPIE 5350, 222 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kosinski, S. G.

S. G. Kosinski, D. M. Krol, T. M. Duncan, D. C. Douglas, J. B. MacChesney, and J. R. Simpson, “Raman and NMR spectroscopy of SiO2 glasses co-doped with Al2O3 and P2O5,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 105(1-2), 45–52 (1988).
[Crossref]

Kriltz, A.

F. Lindner, S. Unger, A. Kriltz, A. Scheffel, A. Dellith, J. Dellith, and H. Bartelt, “Phosphorus incorporation into silica during modified chemical vapor deposition combined with solution doping,” Phys. Chem. Glasses: Eur. J. Glass Sci. Technol., Part B 56(6), 278–284 (2015).
[Crossref]

Krishna Murthy, A. S. R.

C. Dayanand, G. Bhikshamaiah, V. Jaya Tyagaraju, M. Salagram, and A. S. R. Krishna Murthy, “Structural investigations of phosphate glasses: a detailed infrared study of the x(PbO)-(1-x)P2O5 vitreous system,” J. Mater. Sci. 31(8), 1945–1967 (1996).
[Crossref]

Krol, D. M.

S. G. Kosinski, D. M. Krol, T. M. Duncan, D. C. Douglas, J. B. MacChesney, and J. R. Simpson, “Raman and NMR spectroscopy of SiO2 glasses co-doped with Al2O3 and P2O5,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 105(1-2), 45–52 (1988).
[Crossref]

Leich, M.

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, M. Leich, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Influence of aluminium-phosphorus codoping on optical properties of ytterbium-doped laser fiber,” Proc. SPIE 7212, 72121B (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and J. Kirchhof, “Efficient Yb laser fibers with low photodarkening by optimization of the core composition,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15540–15545 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lindner, F.

F. Lindner, S. Unger, A. Kriltz, A. Scheffel, A. Dellith, J. Dellith, and H. Bartelt, “Phosphorus incorporation into silica during modified chemical vapor deposition combined with solution doping,” Phys. Chem. Glasses: Eur. J. Glass Sci. Technol., Part B 56(6), 278–284 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lowe, E. J.

D. E. C. Corbridge and E. J. Lowe, “Infrared spectra of some inorganic phosphorus compounds,” J. Chem. Soc. 23(6), 493–502 (1954).
[Crossref]

MacChesney, J. B.

S. G. Kosinski, D. M. Krol, T. M. Duncan, D. C. Douglas, J. B. MacChesney, and J. R. Simpson, “Raman and NMR spectroscopy of SiO2 glasses co-doped with Al2O3 and P2O5,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 105(1-2), 45–52 (1988).
[Crossref]

Morse, T. F.

D. J. DiGiovanni, T. F. Morse, and J. W. Cipolla Jr, “Theoretical Model of Phosphorus Incorporation in Silica in Modified Chemical Vapor Deposition,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 71(11), 914–923 (1988).
[Crossref]

Mozgawa, W.

M. Rokita, M. Handke, and W. Mozgawa, “Spectroscopic studies of the amorphous SiO2–AlPO4 materials,” J. Mol. Struct. 511-512, 277–280 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. Handke, W. Mozgawa, and M. Nocun, “Specific features of the IR spectra of silicate glasses,” J. Mol. Struct. 325, 129–136 (1994).
[Crossref]

Nocun, M.

M. Handke, W. Mozgawa, and M. Nocun, “Specific features of the IR spectra of silicate glasses,” J. Mol. Struct. 325, 129–136 (1994).
[Crossref]

Payne, D. N.

J. E. Townsend, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, “Solution-doping technique for fabrication of rare-earth-doped optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 23(7), 329–331 (1987).
[Crossref]

Plotnichenko, V. G.

V. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, V. V. Klotashev, and E. M. Dianov, “On the structure of phosphosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 306(3), 209–226 (2002).
[Crossref]

Poole, S. B.

J. E. Townsend, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, “Solution-doping technique for fabrication of rare-earth-doped optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 23(7), 329–331 (1987).
[Crossref]

Reichel, V.

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, M. Leich, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Influence of aluminium-phosphorus codoping on optical properties of ytterbium-doped laser fiber,” Proc. SPIE 7212, 72121B (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Optical properties of Yb-doped laser fibers in dependence on codopants and preparation conditions,” Proc. SPIE 6890, 689016 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Grimm, and V. Reichel, “Materials for high-power fiber lasers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(23-25), 2399–2403 (2006).
[Crossref]

Rokita, M.

M. Rokita, M. Handke, and W. Mozgawa, “Spectroscopic studies of the amorphous SiO2–AlPO4 materials,” J. Mol. Struct. 511-512, 277–280 (1999).
[Crossref]

Salagram, M.

C. Dayanand, G. Bhikshamaiah, V. Jaya Tyagaraju, M. Salagram, and A. S. R. Krishna Murthy, “Structural investigations of phosphate glasses: a detailed infrared study of the x(PbO)-(1-x)P2O5 vitreous system,” J. Mater. Sci. 31(8), 1945–1967 (1996).
[Crossref]

Scheffel, A.

F. Lindner, S. Unger, A. Kriltz, A. Scheffel, A. Dellith, J. Dellith, and H. Bartelt, “Phosphorus incorporation into silica during modified chemical vapor deposition combined with solution doping,” Phys. Chem. Glasses: Eur. J. Glass Sci. Technol., Part B 56(6), 278–284 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, M. Leich, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Influence of aluminium-phosphorus codoping on optical properties of ytterbium-doped laser fiber,” Proc. SPIE 7212, 72121B (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Optical properties of Yb-doped laser fibers in dependence on codopants and preparation conditions,” Proc. SPIE 6890, 689016 (2008).
[Crossref]

Schwuchow, A.

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, M. Leich, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Influence of aluminium-phosphorus codoping on optical properties of ytterbium-doped laser fiber,” Proc. SPIE 7212, 72121B (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and J. Kirchhof, “Efficient Yb laser fibers with low photodarkening by optimization of the core composition,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15540–15545 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Optical properties of Yb-doped laser fibers in dependence on codopants and preparation conditions,” Proc. SPIE 6890, 689016 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Grimm, and V. Reichel, “Materials for high-power fiber lasers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(23-25), 2399–2403 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, and B. Knappe, “Spatial distribution effects and laser efficiency in Er/Yb doped fibers,” Proc. SPIE 5350, 222 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, and A. Schwuchow, “Fiber Lasers: Materials, Structures and Technologies,” Proc. SPIE 4957, 1 (2003).
[Crossref]

Shibata, N.

N. Shibata, M. Horigudhi, and T. Edahiro, “Raman spectra of binary high-silica glasses and fibers containing GeO2, P2O5 and B2O3,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 45(1), 115–126 (1981).
[Crossref]

Simpson, J. R.

S. G. Kosinski, D. M. Krol, T. M. Duncan, D. C. Douglas, J. B. MacChesney, and J. R. Simpson, “Raman and NMR spectroscopy of SiO2 glasses co-doped with Al2O3 and P2O5,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 105(1-2), 45–52 (1988).
[Crossref]

Sokolov, V. O.

V. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, V. V. Klotashev, and E. M. Dianov, “On the structure of phosphosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 306(3), 209–226 (2002).
[Crossref]

Townsend, J. E.

J. E. Townsend, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, “Solution-doping technique for fabrication of rare-earth-doped optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 23(7), 329–331 (1987).
[Crossref]

Unger, S.

F. Lindner, S. Unger, A. Kriltz, A. Scheffel, A. Dellith, J. Dellith, and H. Bartelt, “Phosphorus incorporation into silica during modified chemical vapor deposition combined with solution doping,” Phys. Chem. Glasses: Eur. J. Glass Sci. Technol., Part B 56(6), 278–284 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, M. Leich, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Influence of aluminium-phosphorus codoping on optical properties of ytterbium-doped laser fiber,” Proc. SPIE 7212, 72121B (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Optical properties of Yb-doped laser fibers in dependence on codopants and preparation conditions,” Proc. SPIE 6890, 689016 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and J. Kirchhof, “Efficient Yb laser fibers with low photodarkening by optimization of the core composition,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15540–15545 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Grimm, and V. Reichel, “Materials for high-power fiber lasers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(23-25), 2399–2403 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, and B. Knappe, “Spatial distribution effects and laser efficiency in Er/Yb doped fibers,” Proc. SPIE 5350, 222 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, and A. Schwuchow, “Fiber Lasers: Materials, Structures and Technologies,” Proc. SPIE 4957, 1 (2003).
[Crossref]

Wong, J.

J. Wong, “Vibrational spectra of vapor-deposited binary phosphosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 20(1), 83–100 (1976).
[Crossref]

Youngman, R.

R. Youngman, C. Hogue, and B. Aitken, “Crystallization of Silicon Pyrophosphate from Silicophosphate Glasses as Monitored by Multi-Nuclear NMR,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 984, 0984-MM12-03 (2006).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. E. Townsend, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, “Solution-doping technique for fabrication of rare-earth-doped optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 23(7), 329–331 (1987).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

D. J. DiGiovanni, T. F. Morse, and J. W. Cipolla Jr, “Theoretical Model of Phosphorus Incorporation in Silica in Modified Chemical Vapor Deposition,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 71(11), 914–923 (1988).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Soc. (1)

D. E. C. Corbridge and E. J. Lowe, “Infrared spectra of some inorganic phosphorus compounds,” J. Chem. Soc. 23(6), 493–502 (1954).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Sci. (1)

C. Dayanand, G. Bhikshamaiah, V. Jaya Tyagaraju, M. Salagram, and A. S. R. Krishna Murthy, “Structural investigations of phosphate glasses: a detailed infrared study of the x(PbO)-(1-x)P2O5 vitreous system,” J. Mater. Sci. 31(8), 1945–1967 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. Mol. Struct. (2)

M. Rokita, M. Handke, and W. Mozgawa, “Spectroscopic studies of the amorphous SiO2–AlPO4 materials,” J. Mol. Struct. 511-512, 277–280 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. Handke, W. Mozgawa, and M. Nocun, “Specific features of the IR spectra of silicate glasses,” J. Mol. Struct. 325, 129–136 (1994).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (5)

N. Shibata, M. Horigudhi, and T. Edahiro, “Raman spectra of binary high-silica glasses and fibers containing GeO2, P2O5 and B2O3,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 45(1), 115–126 (1981).
[Crossref]

J. Wong, “Vibrational spectra of vapor-deposited binary phosphosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 20(1), 83–100 (1976).
[Crossref]

V. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, V. V. Klotashev, and E. M. Dianov, “On the structure of phosphosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 306(3), 209–226 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. G. Kosinski, D. M. Krol, T. M. Duncan, D. C. Douglas, J. B. MacChesney, and J. R. Simpson, “Raman and NMR spectroscopy of SiO2 glasses co-doped with Al2O3 and P2O5,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 105(1-2), 45–52 (1988).
[Crossref]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Grimm, and V. Reichel, “Materials for high-power fiber lasers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(23-25), 2399–2403 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. (1)

R. Youngman, C. Hogue, and B. Aitken, “Crystallization of Silicon Pyrophosphate from Silicophosphate Glasses as Monitored by Multi-Nuclear NMR,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 984, 0984-MM12-03 (2006).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Chem. Glasses: Eur. J. Glass Sci. Technol., Part B (1)

F. Lindner, S. Unger, A. Kriltz, A. Scheffel, A. Dellith, J. Dellith, and H. Bartelt, “Phosphorus incorporation into silica during modified chemical vapor deposition combined with solution doping,” Phys. Chem. Glasses: Eur. J. Glass Sci. Technol., Part B 56(6), 278–284 (2015).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (4)

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, and B. Knappe, “Spatial distribution effects and laser efficiency in Er/Yb doped fibers,” Proc. SPIE 5350, 222 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, and A. Schwuchow, “Fiber Lasers: Materials, Structures and Technologies,” Proc. SPIE 4957, 1 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Optical properties of Yb-doped laser fibers in dependence on codopants and preparation conditions,” Proc. SPIE 6890, 689016 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, M. Leich, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Influence of aluminium-phosphorus codoping on optical properties of ytterbium-doped laser fiber,” Proc. SPIE 7212, 72121B (2009).
[Crossref]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. SEM micrographs of unsintered (a) and presintered (b) P-doped silica soot material
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. SEM micrograph of unsintered (a) and presintered (b) P-doped silica soot material after a treatment with water (xPOCl3/xSiCl4 = 0.3, Tpre = 1085 °C, oxygen atmosphere).
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Phosphorus concentration cP2O5 as a function of relative density φrel of P-doped silica soot material of series A and B.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Comparison of unsintered soot (a), presintered soot (b), orthophosphoric acid (c) and the difference spectra of orthophosphoric acid (85%) and unsintered soot (d).
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. IR-spectra of the unsintered (a) and presintered (b) P-doped soot material (both black lines), undoped silica soot reference (red line) and the difference spectra of both (green line).
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. IR-spectra of samples with different gas atmospheric conditions during the presintering of the porous P-doped soot material: unsintered, presintered under 200 sccm O2, 200 sccm He, without gas flow.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. IR-spectra of unsintered (a) and presintered (b) P-doped silica soot material before and after a treatment with an aqueous solution.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Phosphorus concentration cP2O5 and phosphorus band area ratio (PBAR) of unsintered P-doped silica soot material before and after a treatment with an aqueous solution.

Tables (4)

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Table 1. Phosphorus concentration cP2O5 of P-doped silica soot material as a function of atmosphere during the presintering step

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Table 2. Phosphorus concentration cP2O5 of P-doped silica soot material as a function of presintering temperature

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Table 3. cP2O5 of unsintered and presintered P-doped silica soot material (series C) before and after water treatment as a function of deposition gas phase composition xPOCl3/xSiCl4

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Table 4. Characteristic IR wavenumbers of P-doped SiO2 glass

Equations (1)

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P 2 O 5 + 3 H 2 O 2 H 3 P O 4

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