Abstract

A passively Q-switched mode-locked ytterbium-doped fiber laser (QMYDFL) at 1084.4 nm using ferroferric-oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles (FONPs) as the saturable absorber (SA) is reported. The FONPs SA exhibits a large nonlinear saturable absorption property with the modulation depth of 6.6% at the laser wavelength of 1µm band. Stable passively Q-switched pulse train with the repetition rate increasing from 5.43 kHz to 59 kHz, the corresponding pulse duration reducing from 18 µs to 2.68 µs are achieved when the input pump power increases from 100 mW to 330 mW. The maximum single pulse energy can reach 181.6 nJ. Q-switched mode-locked (QM) phenomenon is also observed by adjusting the state of the polarization controller (PC). When the input pump power is 150 mW, stable QM pulse train occurs. By continuous increasing the pump power to 320 mW, the QM pulse trains with the repetition rate increasing from 17.1 kHz to 34.3 kHz, mode-locked pulse repetition rate of 11.1 MHz and pulse duration of 880 ps are achieved. The observed phenomenon is interpreted as a mutual interaction of dispersion, non-linear effect and insertion loss. This work provides a new mechanism for fabricating cheap QMYDFL with FONPs SA.

© 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2020 (2)

B. Nizamani, A. A. A. Jafry, M. I. M. A. Khudus, F. A. Memond, A. Shuhaimi, N. Kasimb, E. Hanafi, M. Yasin, and S. W. Haruna, “Indium tin oxide coated D-shape fiber as saturable absorber for passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 124, 105998 (2020).
[Crossref]

J. Yang, J. Hu, H. Luo, J. Li, J. Liu, H. Li, and Y. Liu, “Fe3 O4 nanoparticles as a saturable absorber for a tunable Q-switched dysprosium laser around 3 µm,” Photonics Res. 8(1), 70–77 (2020).
[Crossref]

2019 (2)

N. Zalkepali, N. A. Awang, Y. R. Yuzaile, Z. Zakaria, A. A. Latif, Z. Zakaria, A. H. Ali, and N. N. H. E. N. Mahmud, “Indium tin oxide thin film based saturable absorber for Q-switching in C-band region,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 1371(1), 012018 (2019).
[Crossref]

N. Li, H. Jia, J. X. Liu, L. H. Cui, Z. X. Jia, Z. Kang, and G. S. Qin, “Fe3O4 nanoparticles as the saturable absorber for a mode-locked fiber laser at 1558 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 16(6), 065102 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (4)

S. K. M. Al-Hayali and A. H. Al-Janabi, “Dual-wavelength passively Q -switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser using Fe3O4 -nanoparticle saturable absorber and intracavity polarization,” Laser Phys. 28(3), 035103 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. J. G. Johnson, J. D. Schultz, and B. J. Lear, “Photothermal Effectiveness of Magnetite Nanoparticles: Dependence upon Particle Size Probed by Experiment and Simulation,” Molecules 23(5), 1234 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. A. Sadeq, S. W. Harun, and A. H. Al-Janabi, “Ultrashort pulse generation with an erbium-doped fiber laser ring cavity based on a copper oxide saturable absorber,” Appl. Opt. 57(18), 5180–5185 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Koo, J. Lee, J. Kim, and J. H. Lee, “A Q-switched, 1.89 µm fiber laser using an Fe3O4-based saturable absorber,” J. Lumin. 195, 181–186 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (4)

X. Wang, Y. Wang, D. Mao, L. Li, and Z. Chen, “Passively Q-switched Nd:YVO4 laser based on Fe3O4 nanoparticles saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(8), 2913–2921 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, J. Yin, H. Chen, J. Wang, P. Yan, and S. Ruan, “Single-Wavelength and Multiwavelength Q-Switched Fiber Laser Using Fe3O4 Nanoparticles,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(2), 1–9 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, X. Cui, W. Zhang, and M. Li, “Q-switched fiber laser based on saturable absorption of ferroferric-oxide nanoparticles,” Photonics Res. 5(1), 52–60 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. K. M. Al-Hayali, D. Z. Mohammed, W. A. Khaleel, and A. H. Al-Janabi, “Aluminum oxide nanoparticles as saturable bsorber for C-band passively Q-switched fiber laser,” Appl. Opt. 56(16), 4720–4726 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (8)

H. Ahmad, S. A. Reduan, Z. A. Ali, M. A. Ismail, N. E. Ruslan, C. S. J. Lee, R. Puteh, and S. W. Harun, “C-Band Q-Switched Fiber Laser Using Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) As Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 1–7 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Bai, C. Mou, L. Xu, S. Wang, S. Pu, and X. Zeng, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser using Fe3O4-nanoparticle saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(4), 042701 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Ahmad, C. Lee, M. Ismail, Z. Ali, S. Reduan, N. Ruslan, M. Ismail, and S. Harun, “Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles as saturable absorber in passively Q-switched fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 381, 72–76 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Bai, C. Mou, L. Xu, S. Wang, S. Pu, and X. Zeng, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser using Fe3O4-nanoparticle saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(4), 042701 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Y. Yao, J. Xiao, R. Wang, and J. Zhang, “Topological Insulator-Assisted Dual-Wavelength Fiber Laser Delivering Versatile Pulse Patterns,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22(2), 8–15 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo, D. Wu, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Peng, J. Weng, S. Xu, C. Zhu, F. Wang, Z. Sun, and H. Zhang, “Two-dimensional material-based saturable absorbers: towards compact visible-wavelength all-fiber pulsed lasers,” Nanoscale 8(2), 1066–1072 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Xu, Z. Wang, Z. Guo, H. Huang, Q. Xiao, H. Zhang, and X.-F. Yu, “Solvothermal synthesis and ultrafast photonics of black phosphorus quantum dots,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(1), 1223–1229 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Guo, Z. Wu, W. Li, Z. Wang, and Q. Li, “Appropriate size of magnetic nanoparticles for various bio-applications in cancer diagnostics and therapy,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(5), 3092–3106 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (5)

S. B. Lu, L. L. Miao, Z. N. Guo, X. Qi, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband nonlinear optical response in multi-layer black phosphorus: an emerging infrared and mid-infrared optical material,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11183–11194 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 7965 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Li, H. Jussila, L. Karvonen, G. Ye, H. Lipsanen, X. Chen, and Z. Sun, “Polarization and thickness dependent absorption properties of black phosphorus: new saturable absorber for ultrafast pulse generation,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15899 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Ren, S. Wang, Z. Cheng, H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and P. Wang, “Passively Q-switched nanosecond erbium-doped fiber laser with MoS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(5), ATh2A.31 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo, Y. Li, M. Zhong, Y. Huang, X. Wan, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “Nonlinear optical absorption of few-layer molybdenum diselenide (MoSe2) for passively mode-locked soliton fiber laser [Invited],” Photonics Res. 3(3), A79–A86 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband Few-Layer MoS2 Saturable Absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and W. C. Xu, “2 GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser by a microfiber-based topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 38(24), 5212–5215 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Wang, S. E. Zhu, Y. Chen, M. Wu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, G. C. A. M. Janssen, and S. Wen, “Multilayer graphene for Q-switched mode-locking operation in an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 300, 17–21 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

L. Q. Zhang, Z. Zhuo, J. X. Wang, and Y. Z. Wang, “Passively Q-switched fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 22(2), 433–436 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. E. Ghandoor, H. M. Zidan, M. M. H. Khalil, and M. I. M. Ismail, “Synthesis and some physical properties of magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles,” Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 7, 5734–5745 (2012).

2010 (3)

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable passively–switched erbium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotubes as a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(1), 9–11 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Richardson D, J. Nilsson, and A. Clarkson W, “High Power Fiber Lasers: Current Status and Future Perspectives,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(11), B63–B92 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

W. Blau and J. Wang, “Carbon nanotubes and nanotube composites for nonlinear optical devices,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(40), 7425–7443 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

P. A. George, J. Strait, J. Dawlaty, S. Shivaraman, M. Chandrashekhar, F. Rana, and M. G. Spencer, “Ultrafast Optical-Pump Terahertz-Probe Spectroscopy of the Carrier Relaxation and Recombination Dynamics in Epitaxial Graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(12), 4248–4251 (2008).
[Crossref]

X. Shi-Xiang, L. Wen-Xue, H. Qiang, Z. Hui, and Z. He-Ping,, “Efficient laser-diode end-pumped passively Q-switched mode-locked Yb: LYSO laser based on SESAM,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(2), 548–551 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. S. Nair, J. Thomas, C. S. Suchand Sandeep, and M. R. Anantharaman, “An optical limiter based on ferrofluids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(17), 171908 (2008).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fiber laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6, 177 (2004).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

T. Hashimoto, T. Yamada, and T. Yoko, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of sol–gel derived α-Fe2O3, γ-Fe2O3, and Fe3O4 thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 80(6), 3184–3190 (1996).
[Crossref]

Ahmad, H.

H. Ahmad, S. A. Reduan, Z. A. Ali, M. A. Ismail, N. E. Ruslan, C. S. J. Lee, R. Puteh, and S. W. Harun, “C-Band Q-Switched Fiber Laser Using Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) As Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 1–7 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Ahmad, C. Lee, M. Ismail, Z. Ali, S. Reduan, N. Ruslan, M. Ismail, and S. Harun, “Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles as saturable absorber in passively Q-switched fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 381, 72–76 (2016).
[Crossref]

Al-Hayali, S. K. M.

S. K. M. Al-Hayali and A. H. Al-Janabi, “Dual-wavelength passively Q -switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser using Fe3O4 -nanoparticle saturable absorber and intracavity polarization,” Laser Phys. 28(3), 035103 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. K. M. Al-Hayali, D. Z. Mohammed, W. A. Khaleel, and A. H. Al-Janabi, “Aluminum oxide nanoparticles as saturable bsorber for C-band passively Q-switched fiber laser,” Appl. Opt. 56(16), 4720–4726 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ali, A. H.

N. Zalkepali, N. A. Awang, Y. R. Yuzaile, Z. Zakaria, A. A. Latif, Z. Zakaria, A. H. Ali, and N. N. H. E. N. Mahmud, “Indium tin oxide thin film based saturable absorber for Q-switching in C-band region,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 1371(1), 012018 (2019).
[Crossref]

Ali, Z.

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D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 7965 (2015).
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Z. Luo, Y. Li, M. Zhong, Y. Huang, X. Wan, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “Nonlinear optical absorption of few-layer molybdenum diselenide (MoSe2) for passively mode-locked soliton fiber laser [Invited],” Photonics Res. 3(3), A79–A86 (2015).
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H. Ahmad, C. Lee, M. Ismail, Z. Ali, S. Reduan, N. Ruslan, M. Ismail, and S. Harun, “Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles as saturable absorber in passively Q-switched fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 381, 72–76 (2016).
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H. Ahmad, S. A. Reduan, Z. A. Ali, M. A. Ismail, N. E. Ruslan, C. S. J. Lee, R. Puteh, and S. W. Harun, “C-Band Q-Switched Fiber Laser Using Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) As Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 1–7 (2016).
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H. E. Ghandoor, H. M. Zidan, M. M. H. Khalil, and M. I. M. Ismail, “Synthesis and some physical properties of magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles,” Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 7, 5734–5745 (2012).

Jafry, A. A. A.

B. Nizamani, A. A. A. Jafry, M. I. M. A. Khudus, F. A. Memond, A. Shuhaimi, N. Kasimb, E. Hanafi, M. Yasin, and S. W. Haruna, “Indium tin oxide coated D-shape fiber as saturable absorber for passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 124, 105998 (2020).
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N. Li, H. Jia, J. X. Liu, L. H. Cui, Z. X. Jia, Z. Kang, and G. S. Qin, “Fe3O4 nanoparticles as the saturable absorber for a mode-locked fiber laser at 1558 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 16(6), 065102 (2019).
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D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 7965 (2015).
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N. Li, H. Jia, J. X. Liu, L. H. Cui, Z. X. Jia, Z. Kang, and G. S. Qin, “Fe3O4 nanoparticles as the saturable absorber for a mode-locked fiber laser at 1558 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 16(6), 065102 (2019).
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D. Li, H. Jussila, L. Karvonen, G. Ye, H. Lipsanen, X. Chen, and Z. Sun, “Polarization and thickness dependent absorption properties of black phosphorus: new saturable absorber for ultrafast pulse generation,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15899 (2015).
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B. Nizamani, A. A. A. Jafry, M. I. M. A. Khudus, F. A. Memond, A. Shuhaimi, N. Kasimb, E. Hanafi, M. Yasin, and S. W. Haruna, “Indium tin oxide coated D-shape fiber as saturable absorber for passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 124, 105998 (2020).
[Crossref]

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M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

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Khalil, M. M. H.

H. E. Ghandoor, H. M. Zidan, M. M. H. Khalil, and M. I. M. Ismail, “Synthesis and some physical properties of magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles,” Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 7, 5734–5745 (2012).

Khudus, M. I. M. A.

B. Nizamani, A. A. A. Jafry, M. I. M. A. Khudus, F. A. Memond, A. Shuhaimi, N. Kasimb, E. Hanafi, M. Yasin, and S. W. Haruna, “Indium tin oxide coated D-shape fiber as saturable absorber for passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 124, 105998 (2020).
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J. Koo, J. Lee, J. Kim, and J. H. Lee, “A Q-switched, 1.89 µm fiber laser using an Fe3O4-based saturable absorber,” J. Lumin. 195, 181–186 (2018).
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J. Koo, J. Lee, J. Kim, and J. H. Lee, “A Q-switched, 1.89 µm fiber laser using an Fe3O4-based saturable absorber,” J. Lumin. 195, 181–186 (2018).
[Crossref]

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N. Zalkepali, N. A. Awang, Y. R. Yuzaile, Z. Zakaria, A. A. Latif, Z. Zakaria, A. H. Ali, and N. N. H. E. N. Mahmud, “Indium tin oxide thin film based saturable absorber for Q-switching in C-band region,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 1371(1), 012018 (2019).
[Crossref]

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R. J. G. Johnson, J. D. Schultz, and B. J. Lear, “Photothermal Effectiveness of Magnetite Nanoparticles: Dependence upon Particle Size Probed by Experiment and Simulation,” Molecules 23(5), 1234 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lee, C.

H. Ahmad, C. Lee, M. Ismail, Z. Ali, S. Reduan, N. Ruslan, M. Ismail, and S. Harun, “Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles as saturable absorber in passively Q-switched fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 381, 72–76 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lee, C. S. J.

H. Ahmad, S. A. Reduan, Z. A. Ali, M. A. Ismail, N. E. Ruslan, C. S. J. Lee, R. Puteh, and S. W. Harun, “C-Band Q-Switched Fiber Laser Using Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) As Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 1–7 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lee, J.

J. Koo, J. Lee, J. Kim, and J. H. Lee, “A Q-switched, 1.89 µm fiber laser using an Fe3O4-based saturable absorber,” J. Lumin. 195, 181–186 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. H.

J. Koo, J. Lee, J. Kim, and J. H. Lee, “A Q-switched, 1.89 µm fiber laser using an Fe3O4-based saturable absorber,” J. Lumin. 195, 181–186 (2018).
[Crossref]

Li, D.

D. Li, H. Jussila, L. Karvonen, G. Ye, H. Lipsanen, X. Chen, and Z. Sun, “Polarization and thickness dependent absorption properties of black phosphorus: new saturable absorber for ultrafast pulse generation,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15899 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

J. Yang, J. Hu, H. Luo, J. Li, J. Liu, H. Li, and Y. Liu, “Fe3 O4 nanoparticles as a saturable absorber for a tunable Q-switched dysprosium laser around 3 µm,” Photonics Res. 8(1), 70–77 (2020).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

J. Yang, J. Hu, H. Luo, J. Li, J. Liu, H. Li, and Y. Liu, “Fe3 O4 nanoparticles as a saturable absorber for a tunable Q-switched dysprosium laser around 3 µm,” Photonics Res. 8(1), 70–77 (2020).
[Crossref]

Li, L.

Li, M.

D. Mao, X. Cui, W. Zhang, and M. Li, “Q-switched fiber laser based on saturable absorption of ferroferric-oxide nanoparticles,” Photonics Res. 5(1), 52–60 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, N.

N. Li, H. Jia, J. X. Liu, L. H. Cui, Z. X. Jia, Z. Kang, and G. S. Qin, “Fe3O4 nanoparticles as the saturable absorber for a mode-locked fiber laser at 1558 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 16(6), 065102 (2019).
[Crossref]

Li, Q.

X. Guo, Z. Wu, W. Li, Z. Wang, and Q. Li, “Appropriate size of magnetic nanoparticles for various bio-applications in cancer diagnostics and therapy,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(5), 3092–3106 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, W.

X. Guo, Z. Wu, W. Li, Z. Wang, and Q. Li, “Appropriate size of magnetic nanoparticles for various bio-applications in cancer diagnostics and therapy,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(5), 3092–3106 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

Z. Luo, Y. Li, M. Zhong, Y. Huang, X. Wan, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “Nonlinear optical absorption of few-layer molybdenum diselenide (MoSe2) for passively mode-locked soliton fiber laser [Invited],” Photonics Res. 3(3), A79–A86 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ling, W.

W. Ling, T. Xia, Z. Dong, and Y. Zuo, “Passively Q-switched mode-locked low threshold Tm, Ho: LLF laser with an single walled carbon nanotubes saturable absorber,” Sci. Sin. (2018).

Lipsanen, H.

D. Li, H. Jussila, L. Karvonen, G. Ye, H. Lipsanen, X. Chen, and Z. Sun, “Polarization and thickness dependent absorption properties of black phosphorus: new saturable absorber for ultrafast pulse generation,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15899 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, H.

Liu, J.

J. Yang, J. Hu, H. Luo, J. Li, J. Liu, H. Li, and Y. Liu, “Fe3 O4 nanoparticles as a saturable absorber for a tunable Q-switched dysprosium laser around 3 µm,” Photonics Res. 8(1), 70–77 (2020).
[Crossref]

Liu, J. X.

N. Li, H. Jia, J. X. Liu, L. H. Cui, Z. X. Jia, Z. Kang, and G. S. Qin, “Fe3O4 nanoparticles as the saturable absorber for a mode-locked fiber laser at 1558 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 16(6), 065102 (2019).
[Crossref]

Liu, M.

Liu, W. K.

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable passively–switched erbium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotubes as a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(1), 9–11 (2010).
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Liu, Y.

J. Yang, J. Hu, H. Luo, J. Li, J. Liu, H. Li, and Y. Liu, “Fe3 O4 nanoparticles as a saturable absorber for a tunable Q-switched dysprosium laser around 3 µm,” Photonics Res. 8(1), 70–77 (2020).
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Lu, S. B.

Luo, A. P.

Luo, H.

J. Yang, J. Hu, H. Luo, J. Li, J. Liu, H. Li, and Y. Liu, “Fe3 O4 nanoparticles as a saturable absorber for a tunable Q-switched dysprosium laser around 3 µm,” Photonics Res. 8(1), 70–77 (2020).
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Luo, Z.

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P. A. George, J. Strait, J. Dawlaty, S. Shivaraman, M. Chandrashekhar, F. Rana, and M. G. Spencer, “Ultrafast Optical-Pump Terahertz-Probe Spectroscopy of the Carrier Relaxation and Recombination Dynamics in Epitaxial Graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(12), 4248–4251 (2008).
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H. Wu, J. Song, and J. Wu et al., “Hundred-watt level highly stable passively Q-switched fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Components, Systems, and Applications (2017).

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Z. Wang, S. E. Zhu, Y. Chen, M. Wu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, G. C. A. M. Janssen, and S. Wen, “Multilayer graphene for Q-switched mode-locking operation in an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 300, 17–21 (2013).
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Z. Luo, D. Wu, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Peng, J. Weng, S. Xu, C. Zhu, F. Wang, Z. Sun, and H. Zhang, “Two-dimensional material-based saturable absorbers: towards compact visible-wavelength all-fiber pulsed lasers,” Nanoscale 8(2), 1066–1072 (2016).
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Z. Luo, D. Wu, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Peng, J. Weng, S. Xu, C. Zhu, F. Wang, Z. Sun, and H. Zhang, “Two-dimensional material-based saturable absorbers: towards compact visible-wavelength all-fiber pulsed lasers,” Nanoscale 8(2), 1066–1072 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, L.

X. Bai, C. Mou, L. Xu, S. Wang, S. Pu, and X. Zeng, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser using Fe3O4-nanoparticle saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(4), 042701 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Bai, C. Mou, L. Xu, S. Wang, S. Pu, and X. Zeng, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser using Fe3O4-nanoparticle saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(4), 042701 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, S.

Z. Luo, D. Wu, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Peng, J. Weng, S. Xu, C. Zhu, F. Wang, Z. Sun, and H. Zhang, “Two-dimensional material-based saturable absorbers: towards compact visible-wavelength all-fiber pulsed lasers,” Nanoscale 8(2), 1066–1072 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, W. C.

Xu, Y.

Y. Xu, Z. Wang, Z. Guo, H. Huang, Q. Xiao, H. Zhang, and X.-F. Yu, “Solvothermal synthesis and ultrafast photonics of black phosphorus quantum dots,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(1), 1223–1229 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yamada, T.

T. Hashimoto, T. Yamada, and T. Yoko, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of sol–gel derived α-Fe2O3, γ-Fe2O3, and Fe3O4 thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 80(6), 3184–3190 (1996).
[Crossref]

Yan, P.

Y. Chen, J. Yin, H. Chen, J. Wang, P. Yan, and S. Ruan, “Single-Wavelength and Multiwavelength Q-Switched Fiber Laser Using Fe3O4 Nanoparticles,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(2), 1–9 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.

J. Yang, J. Hu, H. Luo, J. Li, J. Liu, H. Li, and Y. Liu, “Fe3 O4 nanoparticles as a saturable absorber for a tunable Q-switched dysprosium laser around 3 µm,” Photonics Res. 8(1), 70–77 (2020).
[Crossref]

Yao, Y.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, J. Xiao, R. Wang, and J. Zhang, “Topological Insulator-Assisted Dual-Wavelength Fiber Laser Delivering Versatile Pulse Patterns,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22(2), 8–15 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yasin, M.

B. Nizamani, A. A. A. Jafry, M. I. M. A. Khudus, F. A. Memond, A. Shuhaimi, N. Kasimb, E. Hanafi, M. Yasin, and S. W. Haruna, “Indium tin oxide coated D-shape fiber as saturable absorber for passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 124, 105998 (2020).
[Crossref]

Ye, G.

D. Li, H. Jussila, L. Karvonen, G. Ye, H. Lipsanen, X. Chen, and Z. Sun, “Polarization and thickness dependent absorption properties of black phosphorus: new saturable absorber for ultrafast pulse generation,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15899 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yin, J.

Y. Chen, J. Yin, H. Chen, J. Wang, P. Yan, and S. Ruan, “Single-Wavelength and Multiwavelength Q-Switched Fiber Laser Using Fe3O4 Nanoparticles,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(2), 1–9 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yoko, T.

T. Hashimoto, T. Yamada, and T. Yoko, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of sol–gel derived α-Fe2O3, γ-Fe2O3, and Fe3O4 thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 80(6), 3184–3190 (1996).
[Crossref]

Yu, H.

J. Ren, S. Wang, Z. Cheng, H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and P. Wang, “Passively Q-switched nanosecond erbium-doped fiber laser with MoS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(5), ATh2A.31 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband Few-Layer MoS2 Saturable Absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yu, X.-F.

Y. Xu, Z. Wang, Z. Guo, H. Huang, Q. Xiao, H. Zhang, and X.-F. Yu, “Solvothermal synthesis and ultrafast photonics of black phosphorus quantum dots,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(1), 1223–1229 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yuzaile, Y. R.

N. Zalkepali, N. A. Awang, Y. R. Yuzaile, Z. Zakaria, A. A. Latif, Z. Zakaria, A. H. Ali, and N. N. H. E. N. Mahmud, “Indium tin oxide thin film based saturable absorber for Q-switching in C-band region,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 1371(1), 012018 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zajac, A.

M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zakaria, Z.

N. Zalkepali, N. A. Awang, Y. R. Yuzaile, Z. Zakaria, A. A. Latif, Z. Zakaria, A. H. Ali, and N. N. H. E. N. Mahmud, “Indium tin oxide thin film based saturable absorber for Q-switching in C-band region,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 1371(1), 012018 (2019).
[Crossref]

N. Zalkepali, N. A. Awang, Y. R. Yuzaile, Z. Zakaria, A. A. Latif, Z. Zakaria, A. H. Ali, and N. N. H. E. N. Mahmud, “Indium tin oxide thin film based saturable absorber for Q-switching in C-band region,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 1371(1), 012018 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zalkepali, N.

N. Zalkepali, N. A. Awang, Y. R. Yuzaile, Z. Zakaria, A. A. Latif, Z. Zakaria, A. H. Ali, and N. N. H. E. N. Mahmud, “Indium tin oxide thin film based saturable absorber for Q-switching in C-band region,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 1371(1), 012018 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zeng, X.

X. Bai, C. Mou, L. Xu, S. Wang, S. Pu, and X. Zeng, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser using Fe3O4-nanoparticle saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(4), 042701 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Bai, C. Mou, L. Xu, S. Wang, S. Pu, and X. Zeng, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser using Fe3O4-nanoparticle saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(4), 042701 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

Z. Luo, D. Wu, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Peng, J. Weng, S. Xu, C. Zhu, F. Wang, Z. Sun, and H. Zhang, “Two-dimensional material-based saturable absorbers: towards compact visible-wavelength all-fiber pulsed lasers,” Nanoscale 8(2), 1066–1072 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Xu, Z. Wang, Z. Guo, H. Huang, Q. Xiao, H. Zhang, and X.-F. Yu, “Solvothermal synthesis and ultrafast photonics of black phosphorus quantum dots,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(1), 1223–1229 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Ren, S. Wang, Z. Cheng, H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and P. Wang, “Passively Q-switched nanosecond erbium-doped fiber laser with MoS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(5), ATh2A.31 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. B. Lu, L. L. Miao, Z. N. Guo, X. Qi, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband nonlinear optical response in multi-layer black phosphorus: an emerging infrared and mid-infrared optical material,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11183–11194 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband Few-Layer MoS2 Saturable Absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and W. C. Xu, “2 GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser by a microfiber-based topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 38(24), 5212–5215 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Wang, S. E. Zhu, Y. Chen, M. Wu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, G. C. A. M. Janssen, and S. Wen, “Multilayer graphene for Q-switched mode-locking operation in an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 300, 17–21 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, J. Xiao, R. Wang, and J. Zhang, “Topological Insulator-Assisted Dual-Wavelength Fiber Laser Delivering Versatile Pulse Patterns,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22(2), 8–15 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L. Q.

L. Q. Zhang, Z. Zhuo, J. X. Wang, and Y. Z. Wang, “Passively Q-switched fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 22(2), 433–436 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

D. Mao, X. Cui, W. Zhang, and M. Li, “Q-switched fiber laser based on saturable absorption of ferroferric-oxide nanoparticles,” Photonics Res. 5(1), 52–60 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 7965 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C.

Z. Wang, S. E. Zhu, Y. Chen, M. Wu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, G. C. A. M. Janssen, and S. Wen, “Multilayer graphene for Q-switched mode-locking operation in an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 300, 17–21 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C. J.

Zhao, J.

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 7965 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, M.

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband Few-Layer MoS2 Saturable Absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zheng, X. W.

Zhong, M.

Z. Luo, Y. Li, M. Zhong, Y. Huang, X. Wan, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “Nonlinear optical absorption of few-layer molybdenum diselenide (MoSe2) for passively mode-locked soliton fiber laser [Invited],” Photonics Res. 3(3), A79–A86 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhou, D. P.

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable passively–switched erbium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotubes as a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(1), 9–11 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhu, C.

Z. Luo, D. Wu, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Peng, J. Weng, S. Xu, C. Zhu, F. Wang, Z. Sun, and H. Zhang, “Two-dimensional material-based saturable absorbers: towards compact visible-wavelength all-fiber pulsed lasers,” Nanoscale 8(2), 1066–1072 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhu, S. E.

Z. Wang, S. E. Zhu, Y. Chen, M. Wu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, G. C. A. M. Janssen, and S. Wen, “Multilayer graphene for Q-switched mode-locking operation in an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 300, 17–21 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhuo, Z.

L. Q. Zhang, Z. Zhuo, J. X. Wang, and Y. Z. Wang, “Passively Q-switched fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 22(2), 433–436 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zidan, H. M.

H. E. Ghandoor, H. M. Zidan, M. M. H. Khalil, and M. I. M. Ismail, “Synthesis and some physical properties of magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles,” Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 7, 5734–5745 (2012).

Zuo, Y.

W. Ling, T. Xia, Z. Dong, and Y. Zuo, “Passively Q-switched mode-locked low threshold Tm, Ho: LLF laser with an single walled carbon nanotubes saturable absorber,” Sci. Sin. (2018).

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (1)

X. Guo, Z. Wu, W. Li, Z. Wang, and Q. Li, “Appropriate size of magnetic nanoparticles for various bio-applications in cancer diagnostics and therapy,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(5), 3092–3106 (2016).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (2)

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband Few-Layer MoS2 Saturable Absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (1)

Y. Xu, Z. Wang, Z. Guo, H. Huang, Q. Xiao, H. Zhang, and X.-F. Yu, “Solvothermal synthesis and ultrafast photonics of black phosphorus quantum dots,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(1), 1223–1229 (2016).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Express (2)

X. Bai, C. Mou, L. Xu, S. Wang, S. Pu, and X. Zeng, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser using Fe3O4-nanoparticle saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(4), 042701 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Bai, C. Mou, L. Xu, S. Wang, S. Pu, and X. Zeng, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser using Fe3O4-nanoparticle saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(4), 042701 (2016).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. S. Nair, J. Thomas, C. S. Suchand Sandeep, and M. R. Anantharaman, “An optical limiter based on ferrofluids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(17), 171908 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

X. Shi-Xiang, L. Wen-Xue, H. Qiang, Z. Hui, and Z. He-Ping,, “Efficient laser-diode end-pumped passively Q-switched mode-locked Yb: LYSO laser based on SESAM,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(2), 548–551 (2008).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

B. Guo, Y. Yao, J. Xiao, R. Wang, and J. Zhang, “Topological Insulator-Assisted Dual-Wavelength Fiber Laser Delivering Versatile Pulse Patterns,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22(2), 8–15 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (2)

Y. Chen, J. Yin, H. Chen, J. Wang, P. Yan, and S. Ruan, “Single-Wavelength and Multiwavelength Q-Switched Fiber Laser Using Fe3O4 Nanoparticles,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(2), 1–9 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Ahmad, S. A. Reduan, Z. A. Ali, M. A. Ismail, N. E. Ruslan, C. S. J. Lee, R. Puteh, and S. W. Harun, “C-Band Q-Switched Fiber Laser Using Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) As Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 1–7 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable passively–switched erbium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotubes as a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(1), 9–11 (2010).
[Crossref]

Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. (1)

H. E. Ghandoor, H. M. Zidan, M. M. H. Khalil, and M. I. M. Ismail, “Synthesis and some physical properties of magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles,” Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 7, 5734–5745 (2012).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Hashimoto, T. Yamada, and T. Yoko, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of sol–gel derived α-Fe2O3, γ-Fe2O3, and Fe3O4 thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 80(6), 3184–3190 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. Lumin. (1)

J. Koo, J. Lee, J. Kim, and J. H. Lee, “A Q-switched, 1.89 µm fiber laser using an Fe3O4-based saturable absorber,” J. Lumin. 195, 181–186 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

W. Blau and J. Wang, “Carbon nanotubes and nanotube composites for nonlinear optical devices,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(40), 7425–7443 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. (1)

N. Zalkepali, N. A. Awang, Y. R. Yuzaile, Z. Zakaria, A. A. Latif, Z. Zakaria, A. H. Ali, and N. N. H. E. N. Mahmud, “Indium tin oxide thin film based saturable absorber for Q-switching in C-band region,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 1371(1), 012018 (2019).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. (2)

L. Q. Zhang, Z. Zhuo, J. X. Wang, and Y. Z. Wang, “Passively Q-switched fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 22(2), 433–436 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. K. M. Al-Hayali and A. H. Al-Janabi, “Dual-wavelength passively Q -switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser using Fe3O4 -nanoparticle saturable absorber and intracavity polarization,” Laser Phys. 28(3), 035103 (2018).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (2)

M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. Li, H. Jia, J. X. Liu, L. H. Cui, Z. X. Jia, Z. Kang, and G. S. Qin, “Fe3O4 nanoparticles as the saturable absorber for a mode-locked fiber laser at 1558 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 16(6), 065102 (2019).
[Crossref]

Molecules (1)

R. J. G. Johnson, J. D. Schultz, and B. J. Lear, “Photothermal Effectiveness of Magnetite Nanoparticles: Dependence upon Particle Size Probed by Experiment and Simulation,” Molecules 23(5), 1234 (2018).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (1)

P. A. George, J. Strait, J. Dawlaty, S. Shivaraman, M. Chandrashekhar, F. Rana, and M. G. Spencer, “Ultrafast Optical-Pump Terahertz-Probe Spectroscopy of the Carrier Relaxation and Recombination Dynamics in Epitaxial Graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(12), 4248–4251 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nanoscale (1)

Z. Luo, D. Wu, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Peng, J. Weng, S. Xu, C. Zhu, F. Wang, Z. Sun, and H. Zhang, “Two-dimensional material-based saturable absorbers: towards compact visible-wavelength all-fiber pulsed lasers,” Nanoscale 8(2), 1066–1072 (2016).
[Crossref]

New J. Phys. (1)

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fiber laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6, 177 (2004).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (2)

Z. Wang, S. E. Zhu, Y. Chen, M. Wu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, G. C. A. M. Janssen, and S. Wen, “Multilayer graphene for Q-switched mode-locking operation in an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 300, 17–21 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Ahmad, C. Lee, M. Ismail, Z. Ali, S. Reduan, N. Ruslan, M. Ismail, and S. Harun, “Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles as saturable absorber in passively Q-switched fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 381, 72–76 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

J. Ren, S. Wang, Z. Cheng, H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and P. Wang, “Passively Q-switched nanosecond erbium-doped fiber laser with MoS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(5), ATh2A.31 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. B. Lu, L. L. Miao, Z. N. Guo, X. Qi, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband nonlinear optical response in multi-layer black phosphorus: an emerging infrared and mid-infrared optical material,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11183–11194 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

B. Nizamani, A. A. A. Jafry, M. I. M. A. Khudus, F. A. Memond, A. Shuhaimi, N. Kasimb, E. Hanafi, M. Yasin, and S. W. Haruna, “Indium tin oxide coated D-shape fiber as saturable absorber for passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 124, 105998 (2020).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Photonics Res. (3)

J. Yang, J. Hu, H. Luo, J. Li, J. Liu, H. Li, and Y. Liu, “Fe3 O4 nanoparticles as a saturable absorber for a tunable Q-switched dysprosium laser around 3 µm,” Photonics Res. 8(1), 70–77 (2020).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, X. Cui, W. Zhang, and M. Li, “Q-switched fiber laser based on saturable absorption of ferroferric-oxide nanoparticles,” Photonics Res. 5(1), 52–60 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo, Y. Li, M. Zhong, Y. Huang, X. Wan, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “Nonlinear optical absorption of few-layer molybdenum diselenide (MoSe2) for passively mode-locked soliton fiber laser [Invited],” Photonics Res. 3(3), A79–A86 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (2)

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 7965 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Li, H. Jussila, L. Karvonen, G. Ye, H. Lipsanen, X. Chen, and Z. Sun, “Polarization and thickness dependent absorption properties of black phosphorus: new saturable absorber for ultrafast pulse generation,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15899 (2015).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

W. Ling, T. Xia, Z. Dong, and Y. Zuo, “Passively Q-switched mode-locked low threshold Tm, Ho: LLF laser with an single walled carbon nanotubes saturable absorber,” Sci. Sin. (2018).

H. Wu, J. Song, and J. Wu et al., “Hundred-watt level highly stable passively Q-switched fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Components, Systems, and Applications (2017).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Characterizations of Fe3O4 nanoparticle dispersion: (a) Photograph of uniform FONPs suspension. (b) SEM image of the FONPs film. (c) XRD patterns of FONPs. (d) The transmission spectrum of the FONPs
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Nonlinear optical absorption of FONPs SA.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Experimental setup of the proposed passively QMYDFL with FONPs SA.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Laser performance of FONPs-based passively Q-switched YDFL. (a) Typical Q-Switched pulse trains at different pump power. (b) Single pulse envelope at pump power of 150 mW. (c) Output spectrum. (d) Output power and pulse energy versus pump power. (e) Repetition rate and pulse duration versus pump power.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Laser performance of FONPs-based passively QMYDFL. (a) Output spectra at different operation states (b) Typical QM pulse trains at different pump power. (c) Oscilloscope traces of a typical QM pulse envelop at pump power of 200 mW. (d) Oscilloscope traces of mode locked pulses trains. (e) Single pulse envelope.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

T ( I ) = 1 Δ T exp ( I / I s a t ) T n s
t r = t m 2 t p 2 t 0 2

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