Abstract

Attenuation and near- and far-field measurements, which were made with different launch spot sizes and numerical apertures on sub-1.0-dB/km optical waveguides, have shown that an equilibrium mode distribution is not established in the 1.1-km length. It was experimentally found that the source launch conditions could be described by an effective mode volume (EMV) that was found to be correlated with the measured attenuation rate. By using an EMV transfer model, the insertion loss of a 3.3-km concatenated section was predicted within 0.21 dB of that measured for a variety of launch conditions.

© 1981 Optical Society of America

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