Abstract

A real-time jitter meter is used to measure and digitally sample the pulse-to-pulse timing error in a laser pulse train. The jitter meter is self-referenced using a single-pulse delay line interferometer and measures timing jitter using optical heterodyne detection between two frequency channels of the pulse train. Jitter sensitivity down to $3 \times {10^{- 10}}\;{{\rm fs}^2}/{\rm Hz}$ at 500 MHz has been demonstrated with a pulse-to-pulse noise floor of 1.6 fs. As a proof of principle, the digital correction of the output of a high-frequency photonic analog-to-digital converter (PADC) is demonstrated with an emulated jitter signal. Up to 23 dB of jitter correction, down to the noise floor of the PADC, is accomplished with radio-frequency modulation up to 40 GHz.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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