Abstract

Recently, the terahertz (THz) chiral field control opens a new window to THz devices and their applications. In this Letter, the active manipulation for THz chiral states based on the cholesteric liquid crystal (CLC) has been demonstrated by THz time domain cross-polarization spectroscopy. The results show that the CLC has strong THz optical activity and circular dichroism (CD) effect, and the strongest THz CD of 22 dB and a polarization rotation angle of 88.4° occur around the phase transition temperature ${T_{S - N}} = {250}\;{\rm K}$. Rising to a room temperature of 300 K, the CLC turns from a chiral state to an isotropic state for THz waves with the phase transition processes of CLC molecules. Therefore, this CLC device can be performed as a thermally active THz circular polarizer, which brings potential applications in THz polarization imaging, broadband communication, and spectroscopy.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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