Abstract

Discrete optical gratings are essential components to customize structured light waves, determined by the band structure of the periodic potential. Beyond fabricating static devices, light-driven diffraction management requires nonlinear materials. Up to now, nonlinear self-action has been limited mainly to discrete spatial solitons. Discrete solitons, however, are restricted to the eigenstates of the photonic lattice. Here, we control light formation by nonlinear discrete diffraction, allowing for versatile output diffraction states. We observe morphing of diffraction structures for discrete Mathieu beams propagating nonlinearly in photosensitive media. The self-action of a zero-order Mathieu beam in a nonlinear medium shows characteristics similar to discrete diffraction in one-dimensional waveguide arrays. Mathieu beams of higher orders show discrete diffraction along curved paths, showing the fingerprint of respective two-dimensional photonic lattices.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Linear and nonlinear discrete light propagation in weakly modulated large-area two-dimensional photonic lattice slab in LiNbO3:Fe crystal

Xinyuan Qi, Guoquan Zhang, Ningning Xu, Yiling Qi, Bin Han, Fu Yulan, Changsha Duan, and Jingjun Xu
Opt. Express 17(25) 23078-23084 (2009)

Optical induction of three-dimensional photonic lattices and enhancement of discrete diffraction

Peng Zhang, Robert Egger, and Zhigang Chen
Opt. Express 17(15) 13151-13156 (2009)

Formation of discrete solitons in light-induced photonic lattices

Zhigang Chen, Hector Martin, Eugenia D. Eugenieva, Jingjun Xu, and Jianke Yang
Opt. Express 13(6) 1816-1826 (2005)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (5)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (2)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription