Abstract

A passively mode-locked fiber laser with controllable pulse width is demonstrated by use of an all-fiber saturable absorber based on a hybrid no-core fiber (NCF)–graded index multimode fiber (GIMF) structure incorporated into an Er-doped fiber ring cavity. Such a hybrid NCF-GIMF structure has a tunable intracavity filtering effect. As a result, the mode-locking operation is achieved with controllable pulse width and spectral bandwidth in the normal dispersion regime by only stretching the fiber device. Soliton pulses with the pulse width of 7.7–23 ps are generated, and bound solitons with variable widths are also experimentally demonstrated. The results obtained reveal the versatility and flexibility of the NCF-GIMF structured device in controlling the pulse dynamics for different experimental requirements.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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